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1.
Europace ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038231

RESUMO

AIMS : The aim of this study is to characterize recurrent syncope, including sex-specific aspects, and its impact on death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: We characterized recurrent syncope in a large international multicentre study, enrolling patients ≥40 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a syncopal event within the last 12 h. Syncope aetiology was centrally adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all information becoming available during syncope work-up and long-term follow-up. Overall, 1790 patients were eligible for this analysis. Incidence of recurrent syncope was 20% [95% confidence interval (CI) 18-22%] within the first 24 months. Patients with an adjudicated final diagnosis of cardiac syncope (hazard ratio (HR) 1.50, 95% CI 1.11-2.01) or syncope with an unknown aetiology even after central adjudication (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.54-2.89) had an increased risk for syncope recurrence. Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator regression fit on all patient information available early in the ED identified >3 previous episodes of syncope as the only independent predictor for recurrent syncope (HR 2.13, 95% CI 1.64-2.75). Recurrent syncope carried an increased risk for death (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.26-2.77) and MACE (HR 2.69, 95% CI 2.02-3.59) over 24 months of follow-up, however, with a time-dependent effect. These findings were confirmed in a sensitivity analysis excluding patients with syncope recurrence or MACE before or during ED evaluation. CONCLUSION : Recurrence rates of syncope are substantial and vary depending on syncope aetiology. Importantly, recurrent syncope carries a time-dependent increased risk for death and MACE. TRIAL REGISTRATION: BAsel Syncope EvaLuation (BASEL IX, ClinicalTrials.gov registry number NCT01548352).

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(20): e017434, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032485

RESUMO

Background Efficacy data on drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in saphenous vein grafts are controversial. We aimed to compare DES with BMS among patients undergoing saphenous vein grafts intervention regarding long-term outcome. Methods and Results In this multinational trial, patients were randomized to paclitaxel-eluting or BMS. The primary end point was major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target-vessel revascularization at 1 year. Secondary end points included major adverse cardiac events and its individual components at 5-year follow-up. One hundred seventy-three patients were included in the trial (89 DES versus 84 BMS). One-year major adverse cardiac event rates were lower in DES compared with BMS (2.2% versus 16.0%, hazard ratio, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.03-0.64, P=0.01), which was mainly driven by a reduction of subsequent myocardial infarctions and need for target-vessel revascularization. Five-year major adverse cardiac event rates remained lower in the DES compared with the BMS arm (35.5% versus 56.1%, hazard ratio, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23-0.68, P<0.001). A landmark-analysis from 1 to 5 years revealed a persistent benefit of DES over BMS (hazard ratio, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.13-0.74, P=0.007) in terms of target-vessel revascularization. More patients in the BMS group underwent multiple target-vessel revascularization procedures throughout the study period compared with the DES group (DES 1.1% [n=1] versus BMS 9.5% [n=8], P=0.013). Enrollment was stopped before the target sample size of 240 patients was reached. Conclusions In this randomized controlled trial with prospective long-term follow-up of up to 5 years, DES showed a better efficacy than BMS with sustained benefits over time. DES may be the preferred strategy in this patient population. Registration URL: https://www.clini​caltr​ials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00595647.

3.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960964

RESUMO

Many biomarkers that could be used to assess ejection fraction, heart failure, or myocardial infarction fail to translate into clinical practice because they lack essential performance characteristics or fail to meet regulatory standards for approval. Despite their potential, new technologies have added to the complexities of successful translation into clinical practice. Biomarker discovery and implementation requires a standardised approach that includes: identification of a clinical need; identification of a valid surrogate biomarker; stepwise assay refinement, demonstration of superiority over current standard-of-care; development and understanding of a clinical pathway; and demonstration of real-world performance. Successful biomarkers should improve efficacy or safety of treatment, while being practical at a realistic cost. Everyone involved in cardiovascular healthcare, including researchers, clinicians, and industry partners, are important stakeholders in facilitating the development and implementation of biomarkers. This paper provides suggestions for a development pathway for new biomarkers, discusses regulatory issues and challenges, and suggestions for accelerating the pathway to improve patient outcomes. Real life examples of successful biomarkers-high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn), T2* cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and echocardiography-are used to illustrate the value of a standardised development pathway in the translation of concepts into routine clinical practice.

4.
Eur J Radiol ; 131: 109233, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927416

RESUMO

PURPOSE: During the emerging COVID-19 pandemic, radiology departments faced a substantial increase in chest CT admissions coupled with the novel demand for quantification of pulmonary opacities. This article describes how our clinic implemented an automated software solution for this purpose into an established software platform in 10 days. The underlying hypothesis was that modern academic centers in radiology are capable of developing and implementing such tools by their own efforts and fast enough to meet the rapidly increasing clinical needs in the wake of a pandemic. METHOD: Deep convolutional neural network algorithms for lung segmentation and opacity quantification on chest CTs were trained using semi-automatically and manually created ground-truth (Ntotal = 172). The performance of the in-house method was compared to an externally developed algorithm on a separate test subset (N = 66). RESULTS: The final algorithm was available at day 10 and achieved human-like performance (Dice coefficient = 0.97). For opacity quantification, a slight underestimation was seen both for the in-house (1.8 %) and for the external algorithm (0.9 %). In contrast to the external reference, the underestimation for the in-house algorithm showed no dependency on total opacity load, making it more suitable for follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of machine learning and a clinically embedded software development platform enabled time-efficient development, instant deployment, and rapid adoption in clinical routine. The algorithm for fully automated lung segmentation and opacity quantification that we developed in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic was ready for clinical use within just 10 days and achieved human-level performance even in complex cases.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Software , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pandemias , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
5.
Kardiol Pol ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847343

RESUMO

The diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), which is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, still remains a significant problem for clinicians. Developing high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays became the cornerstone in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Nowadays, they maintain the crucial position in diagnostic algorithms. However, there are still some unexplained issues in this field. This review summarizes and emphasizes the crucial role of hs-cTn in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The 0/1-h hs-cTn algorithm was mentioned for the first time in the official European Society of Cardiology (ESC) non-ST-elevation (NSTE) ACS guidelines in 2015. It was derived, validated and implemented for all clinically-available assays since then. In this review, troponin-based strategies for rapid rule-out or rule-in of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are gathered and compared with the update on the official ESC 0/1-h pathway with the most recent values of hs-cTn. The document focus also on the problem of possible analytic confounders ("false-positive" and "false-negative" results) and compares the usefulness of cTn to other diagnostic techniques (e.g. magnetic resonance imaging). The review is divided into short, easy-to-read chapters emphasizing six key messages on how to use and interpret hs-cTn base algorithms in clinical practice at the emergency department.

6.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804676

RESUMO

Objectives Biotin >20.0 ng/mL (81.8 nmol/L) can reduce Elecsys® Troponin T Gen 5 (TnT Gen 5; Roche Diagnostics) assay recovery, potentially leading to false-negative results in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We aimed to determine the prevalence of elevated biotin and AMI misclassification risk from biotin interference with the TnT Gen 5 assay. Methods Biotin was measured using an Elecsys assay in two cohorts: (i) 797 0-h and 646 3-h samples from 850 US emergency department patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS); (ii) 2023 random samples from a US laboratory network, in which biotin distributions were extrapolated for higher values using pharmacokinetic modeling. Biotin >20.0 ng/mL (81.8 nmol/L) prevalence and biotin 99th percentile values were calculated. AMI misclassification risk due to biotin interference with the TnT Gen 5 assay was modeled using different assay cutoffs and test timepoints. Results ACS cohort: 1/797 (0.13%) 0-h and 1/646 (0.15%) 3-h samples had biotin >20.0 ng/mL (81.8 nmol/L); 99th percentile biotin was 2.62 ng/mL (10.7 nmol/L; 0-h) and 2.38 ng/mL (9.74 nmol/L; 3-h). Using conservative assumptions, the likelihood of false-negative AMI prediction due to biotin interference was 0.026% (0-h result; 19 ng/L TnT Gen 5 assay cutoff). US laboratory cohort: 15/2023 (0.74%) samples had biotin >20.0 ng/mL (81.8 nmol/L); 99th percentile biotin was 16.6 ng/mL (68.0 nmol/L). Misclassification risk due to biotin interference (19 ng/L TnT Gen 5 assay cutoff) was 0.025% (0-h), 0.0064% (1-h), 0.00048% (3-h), and <0.00001% (6-h). Conclusions Biotin interference has minimal impact on the TnT Gen 5 assay's clinical utility, and the likelihood of false-negative AMI prediction is extremely low.

7.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 291, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is increasingly used in patients with critical cardiopulmonary failure. To investigate the association between hospital VA-ECMO procedure volume and outcomes in a large, nationwide registry. METHODS: By using administrative data from the German Federal Health Monitoring System, we analyzed all VA-ECMO procedures performed in Germany from 2013 to 2016 regarding the association of procedural volumes with outcomes and complications. RESULTS: During the study period, 10,207 VA-ECMO procedures were performed; mean age was 61 years, 43.4% had prior CPR, and 71.2% were male patients. Acute coronary syndrome was the primary diagnosis for VA-ECMO implantation (n = 6202, 60.8%). The majority of implantations (n = 5421) were performed at hospitals in the lowest volume category (≤ 50 implantations per year). There was a significant association between annualized volume of VA-ECMO procedures and 30-day in-hospital mortality for centers with lower vs. higher volume per year. Multivariable logistic regression showed an increased 30-day in-hospital mortality at hospitals with the lowest volume category (adjusted odds ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.27, p = 0.034). Similarly, higher likelihood for complications was observed at hospitals with lower vs. higher annual VA-ECMO volume (adjusted odds ratio 1.46, 95% CI 1.29-1.66, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis of more than 10,000 VA-ECMO procedures for cardiogenic shock, the majority of implantations were performed at hospitals with the lowest annual volume. Thirty-day in-hospital mortality and likelihood for complications were higher at hospitals with the lowest annual VA-ECMO volume.

8.
Am J Cardiol ; 129: 79-86, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540167

RESUMO

According to the Valve Academic Resortium, underweight is one parameter in the definition of frailty, which is associated with increased mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Aims of our study were (1) to examine the impact of underweight on mortality after TAVI and SAVR and (2) to determine the effect of intervention mode (TAVI vs SAVR) on mortality in underweight patients from the German Aortic Valve Registry. Overall, 35,109 patients treated with TAVI or SAVR were studied. Outcomes of underweight (body mass index [BMI] <20 kg/m2) TAVI and SAVR patients were compared using propensity score weighting. Prevalence of underweight was 5.7% in patients who underwent TAVI and 2.9% in patients who underwent SAVR. Underweight patients had significantly increased mortality rates for both treatment strategies compared with normal weight patients (BMI 20 to 30 kg/m2). Comparing underweight TAVI and SAVR-patients using propensity score weighting, no statistically significant differences regarding mortality rates were observed. Subgroup analysis of severely underweight patients (BMI <18.5 kg/m²) revealed no significant increase of mortality after TAVI compared with underweight patients (BMI <20 kg/m2), whereas severely underweight SAVR patients showed twofold increased mortality rates. In conclusion, underweight in patients who underwent TAVI or SAVR is rare, but it is associated with increased mortality. Especially severely underweight SAVR patients showed excess mortality rates.

9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Release kinetics of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are incompletely understood. We aimed to assess whether hs-cTnT/I release in early AMI is near linear. METHODS: In a prospective diagnostic multicenter study the acute release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI within 1 and 2hours from presentation to the emergency department was quantified using 3 hs-cTnT/I assays in patients with suspected AMI. The primary endpoint was correlation between hs-cTn changes from presentation to 1 hour vs changes from presentation to 2hours, among all AMI patients and different prespecified subgroups. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists, based on serial hs-cTnT from the serial study blood samples and additional locally measured hs-cTn values. RESULTS: Among 2437 patients with complete hs-cTnT data, AMI was the adjudicated diagnosis in 376 patients (15%). For hs-cTnT, the correlation coefficient between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change was 0.931 (95%CI, 0.916-0.944), P <.001. Similar findings were obtained with hs-cTnI (Architect) with correlation coefficients between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change of 0.969 and hs-cTnI (Centaur) of 0.934 (P <.001 for both). Findings were consistent among type 1 and type 2 AMI and in the subgroup of patients presenting very early after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: Patients presenting with early AMI showed a near linear release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI. This near linearity provides the pathophysiological basis for rapid diagnostic algorithms using 0- to 1-hour changes as surrogates for 0- to 2 hour or 0- to 3 hour changes. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT00470587).

10.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 150: w20200, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255496

RESUMO

Since the first coronary angioplasty by Andreas Grüntzig in Zurich in 1977, the number of cardiac interventional procedures has steadily increased. The aim of this report is to summarise the state of catheter-based cardiac interventions in adults in Switzerland in 2018. Since 1987, the Working Group Interventional Cardiology of the Swiss Society of Cardiology has collected annually aggregate data from all facilities with cardiac catheterisation laboratories in the country, currently 36 institutions in 17 cantons of Switzerland. Over past years, the numbers of coronary angiography procedures (CAs) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) increased steadily reaching 57,309 for CA and 27,318 for PCI in 2018. Among structural heart interventions, a broad spectrum of transcatheter procedures is currently available in Switzerland. Numbers of transcatheter aortic valve implantations similarly increased, with 1781 implantations in 2018.

13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(10): 1111-1124, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays were mainly developed for large central laboratory platforms. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the clinical performance of a point-of-care (POC)-hs-cTnI assay in patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This study enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of MI. Two cardiologists centrally adjudicated the final diagnosis using all clinical data including cardiac imaging. The primary objective was to directly compare diagnostic accuracy of POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue versus best-validated central laboratory assays. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of a POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue-specific 0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: MI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 178 of 1,261 patients (14%). The area under the curve (AUC) for POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue at presentation was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93 to 0.96) and was at least comparable to hs-cTnT-Elecsys (AUC: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.93 to 0.96; p = 0.213) and hs-cTnI-Architect (AUC: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.90 to 0.93; p < 0.001). A single cutoff concentration <3 ng/l at presentation identified 45% of patients at low risk with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% (95% CI: 99.4% to 100%). A single cutoff concentration >60 ng/l identified patients at high risk with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 76.8% (95% CI: 68.9% to 83.6%). The 0/1-h algorithm ruled out 55% of patients (NPV: 100%; 95% CI: 98.8% to 100%), and ruled in 18% of patients (PPV: 76.8%; 95% CI: 67.2% to 84.7%). Ruled-out patients had cumulative event rates of 0% at 30 days and 1.6% at 2 years. This study confirmed these findings in a secondary analysis including hs-cTnI-Architect for central adjudication. CONCLUSIONS: The POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue assay provides high diagnostic accuracy in patients with suspected MI with a clinical performance that is at least comparable to that of best-validated central laboratory assays. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation Study [APACE]; NCT00470587).

14.
Heart ; 106(9): 634-635, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102895
15.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619853579, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in digital electrocardiography technology allow evaluating ST-segment deviations in all 12 leads as quantitative variables and calculating summed ST-segment deviation scores. The diagnostic and prognostic utility of summed ST-segment deviation scores is largely unknown. METHODS: We aimed to explore the diagnostic and prognostic utility of the conventional and the modified ST-segment deviation score (Better Analysis of ST-segment Elevations and Depressions in a 12- Lead-ECG-Score (BASEL-Score): sum of elevations in the augmented voltage right - lead (aVR) plus absolute, unsigned ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads) in patients presenting with suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The diagnostic endpoint was non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. Prognostic endpoint was mortality during two-year follow up. RESULTS: Among 1330 patients, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was present in 200 (15%) patients. Diagnostic accuracy for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction as quantified by the area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve was significantly higher for the BASEL-Score (0.73; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.77) as compared to the conventional ST-segment deviation score (0.53; 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.57, p<0.001). The BASEL-Score provided additional independent diagnostic value to dichotomous electrocardiogram variables (ST-segment depression, T-inversion, both p<0.001) and to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (p<0.001) as well as clinical judgment at 90 min (p<0.001). Similarly, only the BASEL-Score proved to be an independent predictor of two year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The modified ST-segment deviation score BASEL-Score focusing on ST-segment elevation in aVR and ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads provides incremental diagnostic and prognostic information.

16.
Ann Intern Med ; 172(3): 175-185, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905377

RESUMO

Background: The optimal noninvasive method for surveillance in symptomatic patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Objective: To apply a novel approach using very low concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia in symptomatic patients with CAD. Design: Prospective diagnostic cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01838148). Setting: University hospital. Patients: 1896 consecutive patients with CAD referred with symptoms possibly related to inducible myocardial ischemia. Measurements: Presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was adjudicated using myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography, as well as coronary angiography and fractional flow reserve measurements where available. Staff blinded to adjudication measured circulating hs-cTn concentrations. An hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L, derived previously in mostly asymptomatic patients with CAD, was assessed. Predefined target performance criteria were at least 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and at least 90% sensitivity for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. Sensitivity analyses were based on measurements with an hs-cTnT assay and an alternative hs-cTnI assay with even higher analytic sensitivity (limit of detection, 0.1 ng/L). Results: Overall, 865 patients (46%) had inducible myocardial ischemia. The hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L provided an NPV of 70% (95% CI, 64% to 75%) and a sensitivity of 90% (CI, 88% to 92%) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. No hs-cTnI cutoff reached both performance characteristics predefined as targets. Similarly, using the alternative assays for hs-cTnI or hs-cTnT, no cutoff achieved the target performance: hs-cTnT concentrations less than 5 ng/L yielded an NPV of 66% (CI, 59% to 72%), and hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2 ng/L yielded an NPV of 68% (CI, 62% to 74%). Limitation: Data were generated in a large single-center diagnostic study using central adjudication. Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with CAD, very low hs-cTn concentrations, including hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2.5 ng/L, do not generally allow users to safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia. Primary Funding Source: European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Kommission für Technologie und Innovation (Innosuisse), Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, Roche, Abbott, and Singulex.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(9): 1114-1124, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The randomized BASKET-SMALL 2 trial showed non-inferiority for treatment with drug-coated balloon (DCB) compared with drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for de novo lesions in small coronary arteries regarding clinical endpoints at 1 year. In this predefined substudy, we investigated the angiographic findings in patients undergoing a clinically indicated follow-up angiography during the study phase. METHODS: Eight-hundred and eighty-three patients underwent PCI with either DES or DCB in a culprit vessel < 3 mm in diameter for stable coronary artery disease or acute coronary syndrome. Event-driven re-angiographies and the corresponding images at baseline were analyzed for angiographic endpoints. RESULTS: One-hundred and eleven patients (117 lesions, 66 DES versus 51 DCB) presented for an unscheduled re-angiography at median 5.7 months after the index procedure. At baseline, mean reference vessel diameter was 2.05 mm and the residual in-segment stenosis after the index procedure was less in DES compared to DCB (23.7% vs 33.8%, p = 0.001). At follow-up angiography, diameter stenosis in the DES group (29.0%) was still somewhat smaller than after DCB angioplasty (35.8%) when adjusting for time since PCI (p = 0.047), whereas lumen loss (LL) did not differ between the two treatment arms (LL-DES 0.06 mm vs LL-DCB 0.10 mm, p = 0.20). Eight patients following DES implantation presented with a complete occlusion of the target lesion compared to no occlusion in the DCB group (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The clinically indicated follow-up angiography within 1 year showed no difference in LL. Complete thrombotic vessel occlusions were found only in the DES group. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov ; number, NCT01574534.

18.
J Crit Care ; 56: 100-105, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896442

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is an increasingly used treatment option for patients in need of mechanical cardiopulmonary support, while available outcome data is limited. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for 30-day in-hospital mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed baseline characteristics and outcomes of 8351 VA-ECMO procedures performed in Germany from 2007 to 2015. Using a multivariable model, we identified the ten most important variables to allow for prediction of 30-day in-hospital mortality. Based on these variables, we created a mortality prediction score (ECMO-ACCEPTS score) to enhance decision making in patients considered for or treated with VA-ECMO support. RESULTS: Of 8351 patients (71.7% male) 3567 had prior CPR. Mean age was 62 years in the present cohort. The overall 30-day in-hospital mortality was 61%. The ECMO-ACCEPTS score, derived among randomly selected 4175 patients, included ten independent predictors for in-hospital mortality. Internal validation in the remaining 4176 patients confirmed strong differentiation between low and high risk of 30-day in-hospital mortality (r = 0.97 for correlation of predicted with observed mortality, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The ECMO-ACCEPTS score might help clinicians to improve risk prediction among VA-ECMO patients for refractory cardiogenic shock.

19.
Eur Respir J ; 55(2)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831579

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death with a considerable part of the population dying from cardiovascular diseases. High-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) might help to better identify COPD patients at high risk of mortality. We aimed to study the predictive value of hs-TnI for all-cause mortality beyond established COPD assessments, and after consideration of relevant cardiovascular risk factors and prevalent cardiovascular diseases, in a broad population with stable COPD.Circulating hs-TnI concentrations together with a wide range of respiratory and cardiovascular markers were evaluated in 2085 patients with stable COPD across all severity stages enrolled in the multicentre COSYCONET cohort study. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality over 3 years of follow-up.Hs-TnI was detectable in 2020 (96.9%) patients. The median hs-TnI concentration was 3.8 ng·L-1 (interquartile range 2.5-6.6 ng·L-1), with levels above the 99th percentile reference limit of 27 ng·L-1 observed in 1.8% of patients. In Cox regression analyses including adjustments for airflow limitation, dyspnoea grade, exercise capacity and history of severe exacerbations, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, estimated glomerular filtration rate, ankle-brachial index, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptides and prevalent cardiovascular diseases, hs-TnI was a significant predictor for all-cause mortality, both as a continuous variable (hazard ratio (HR) for log hs-TnI 1.28, 95% CI 1.01-1.62) and categorised according to the cut-off of 6 ng·L-1 (HR 1.63, 95% CI 1.10-2.42).In patients with stable COPD, hs-TnI is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality beyond established COPD mortality predictors, and independent of a broad range of cardiovascular risk factors and prevalent cardiovascular diseases. Hs-TnI concentrations well below the upper reference limit provide further prognostic value for all patients with COPD when added to established risk assessments.

20.
Diabetes Care ; 43(2): 460-467, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have elevated levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn). We investigated the diagnostic performance of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) algorithms to rule out or rule in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) without ST-elevation in patients with DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 3,681 patients with suspected AMI and stratified those by the presence of DM. The ESC 0/1-h and 0/3-h algorithms were used to calculate negative and positive predictive values (NPV, PPV). In addition, alternative cutoffs were calculated and externally validated in 2,895 patients. RESULTS: In total, 563 patients (15.3%) had DM, and 137 (24.3%) of these had AMI. When the ESC 0/1-h algorithm was used, the NPV was comparable in patients with and without DM (absolute difference [AD] -1.50 [95% CI -5.95, 2.96]). In contrast, the ESC 0/3-h algorithm resulted in a significantly lower NPV in patients with DM (AD -2.27 [95% CI -4.47, -0.07]). The diagnostic performance for rule-in of AMI (PPV) was comparable in both groups: 0/1-h (AD 6.59 [95% CI -19.53, 6.35]) and 0/3-h (AD 1.03 [95% CI -7.63, 9.7]). Alternative cutoffs increased the PPV in both algorithms significantly, while improvements in NPV were only subtle. CONCLUSIONS: Application of the ESC 0/1-h algorithm revealed comparable safety to rule out AMI comparing patients with and without DM, while this was not observed with the ESC 0/3-h algorithm. Although alternative cutoffs might be helpful, patients with DM remain a high-risk population in whom identification of AMI is challenging and who require careful clinical evaluation.

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