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1.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(1): 93-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and cognitive function. Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cognitive dysfunction, but data are sparse regarding the relationship between BP variability and cognitive function in geriatric patients with well-controlled BP. AIM: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled BP. METHOD: We analyzed 435 hypertensive patients (167 male, 74.9 ± 8.3; 268 female, 76.1 ± 8.6) treated at least with one antihypertensive drug. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and the standardized mini mental test (sMMT). RESULTS: We divided the weighted standard deviation (SD) of systolic BP (SBP) as a measure of BP variability into quartiles. The top quartile group (≥ 18.5 mmHg) had a significantly lower total sMMT score (23.3 ± 3.2, p < 0.001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis for sMMT, the SD of 24-h SBP was related to sMMT (p = 0.007, 95% confidence interval - 0.301 [- 0.370 to - 0.049]). DISCUSSION: Although there are some inconsistencies among the studies investigating the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in elderly patients, we demonstrated the relationship between increased 24-h blood pressure variability and cognitive functions assessed with sMMT in geriatric population with well-controlled BP. CONCLUSION: The increased blood pressure variability was associated with poorer cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled blood pressure.

2.
Angiology ; 71(1): 56-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416325

RESUMO

The SYNTAX score (SS) and SS II, which include additional clinical parameters, are widely used today for deciding revascularization following coronary angiography. We investigated the association between the presence and severity of carotid artery disease (CrAD) using the SS and SS II in 287 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. We based this investigation on the known association between coronary artery disease and CrAD. A significant association was observed between the groups with and without CrAD in terms of SS II values (28.4 ± 9.6 vs 21.4 ± 7.7, respectively; P < .001). A significant difference was also observed when stenosis was classified according to severity as <50%, 50% to 70%, and >70% (P < .001). The results indicated a positive correlation between the presence and severity of CrAD as SS II increased (r = 0.187, P = .005). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SS II was an independent predictor of CrAD.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17297, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574853

RESUMO

As a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, presence of hypertension (HT) necessitates the awareness of asymptomatic organ damage (AOD). The aim of this study was to measure plasma micro RNA-21 (miR-21) and the parameters that reflect AOD such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), microalbuminuria (MAU) in hypertensive patients compared with healthy controls. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate plasma miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. The study includes 2 groups: 32 patients with HT and 32 healthy controls. First, we compared these 2 groups. Then, to underline the relationship between plasma miR-21 and HT, hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups: with AOD and without AOD.Sixteen patients with HT had AOD. MiR-21 levels significantly correlated with clinical systolic and diastolic blood pressure, MAU, C-reactive protein, and CIMT. CIMT, miR-21, and MAU levels were significantly higher in patients with AOD.Our study showed increased miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia
4.
Angiology ; 70(9): 860-866, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170823

RESUMO

New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) has been associated with poor outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of NOAF and severity of coronary artery disease using the SYNTAX score (SS) and SYNTAX score II (SSII) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) who were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 662 patients with NSTE-ACS were consecutively enrolled. The incidence of NOAF was 11.4% among the patients with NSTE-ACS. Mean age was significantly higher in NOAF group (P = .011). White blood cell count, peak troponin I, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, uric acid, left atrial volume index, and ratio between early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity were significantly higher in NOAF group (respectively, P = .024, P = .017, P = .002, P = .009, P = .025, P < .001, and P < .001). The hemoglobin, ejection fraction, and post PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade <3 were significantly lower in NOAF group (P = 001, P = .010, P = .038). The SS and SSII were significantly higher in NOAF group (all P < .001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SSII was correlated with NOAF (P < .001) in the study groups. We demonstrated that high SSII is significantly associated with NOAF.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
5.
Int J Impot Res ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243351

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) values as indicators of subclinical atherosclerosis among 124 patients with erectile dysfunction, which was thought to be vasculogenic and 126 control subjects who had no erectile dysfunction, and to compare cardiac performance values between both the groups using exercise stress tests (EST). Erectile function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire form. AIP values were studied and compared between patients with ED (IIEF < 22) and those without ED (IIEF > 22) using the log10 TG/HDL-C formula. In addition, the correlation between the severity of ED and AIP was investigated according to IIEF-5 scoring. Metabolic equivalent (MET) values, maximal heart rates (max HR), and heart rate recovery (HRR) were evaluated with effort tests. AIP values were significantly higher in the ED group than in the control group (0.45 ± 0.27, and 0.37 ± 0.27; p = 0.015). According to IIEF-5 scoring, AIP values increased as ED scores decreased. In the EST, MET score and max HR values were significantly lower in the ED group (METs: 11.1 ± 2.2, and 11.6 ± 2.2; p = 0.045; Max HR: 162.8 ± 6.1, and 165 ± 8.7; p = 0.019). Although not statistically significant, HRR values were lower in the ED group. Higher AIP values were found in the ED group, and a positive correlation was established between AIP and the severity of ED. In addition, lower performance during the EST and lower HRR values, again in the ED group, confirms cardiac interaction with ED. These results indicate the importance of referral of patients with ED from urology clinics to cardiology units for risk determination and cardiac assessment, even if they areasymptomatic.

6.
Int J Angiol ; 27(4): 223-226, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410294

RESUMO

Simultaneous multivessel epicardial coronary artery thrombosis is an uncommon finding in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It generally leads to cardiogenic shock and sudden cardiac death in the hospital. We report a 42-year-old male patient presenting with acute anterior STEMI with triple coronary artery thrombosis. An emergency coronary angiogram showed total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) with thrombus formation. At the same time, thrombus formations were also seen in the circumflex artery (CXA), the second obtuse marginal (OM2) branch, and the distal right coronary artery (RCA). We unsuccessfully attempted thrombus aspiration of the LAD. Subsequently, we decided to stent the LAD, and a successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed for the LAD. In a second procedure, RCA thrombosis regressed with 24-hour tirofiban (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor) perfusion, although CXA thrombosis and OM thrombosis did not regress. Therefore, we performed stenting of the CXA and OM with a newer provisional technique called the flower petal technique. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade III was seen after stenting. The patient was discharged from the hospital 5 days after PCI without any symptoms.

7.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 46(5): 340-348, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Many interventional cardiologists are concerned about the risk of side branch (SB) loss during main vessel (MV) stenting in complex bifurcation lesions. Therefore, novel techniques are required to reduce the risk of SB occlusion. The jailed semi-inflated balloon technique (JSBT) is one of these techniques. This article is a description of clinical experience with SB patency assessment using the JSBT. METHODS: A total of 64 patients with 82 distinct coronary bifurcation lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via JSBT at this institution. In the majority of patients, the SB balloon was inflated with a greater pressure (4.8±2.0 atm) than in the standard JSBT. Procedural and immediate clinical outcomes were reviewed via baseline and post-procedural quantitative coronary angiography analysis. RESULTS: The majority of the patients had acute coronary syndrome (60.9%) and almost one-third of the patients were Medina class 1.1.1. (32.8%). A jailed-balloon or wire was not entrapped during any PCI. SB ostial dissection was seen in only 2 patients. The minimal lumen diameter was improved in the MV and SB following PCI. There were no adverse cardiac events during in-hospital stay or at 1-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: JSBT provides maximum SB protection with bifurcation lesions and requires less time than a complex technique. There was no significant SB occlusion risk even though the SB balloon was inflated with a slightly higher pressure. The immediate clinical outcomes and procedural success of this study may encourage interventional cardiologists to use this technique safely with reliable preservation of SB patency.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Intractable Rare Dis Res ; 7(1): 58-60, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552449

RESUMO

Right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the left coronary system is a subtype of single coronary artery (SCA) anomaly, and the origin of RCA as a branch from the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a very rare variant. A 55-year-old male who had a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) history was hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed an aberrant RCA originating from the mid-LAD as well as stent thrombosis. A successful PCI was performed and he was discharged from the hospital three days after the PCI. It is known that there is an increased incidence of atherosclerosis and stent thrombosis in coronary anomaly patients. Therefore, interventional cardiologists should consider the most suitable PCI strategy before stenting and avoid complex techniques.

9.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 36(4): 239-246, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have demonstrated the predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to assess whether NLR is associated with echocardiographic or electrocardiographic parameters, or with predicted five-year risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 74 controls and 97 HCM patients. Three years of follow-up results for HCM patients were evaluated. RESULTS: NLR was significantly higher in patients with fragmented QRS, ventricular tachycardia, and presyncope than in those without (p=0.031, 0.030, and 0.020, respectively). NLR was significantly higher in patients whose predicted five-year risk of SCD was more than 6% and whose corrected QT interval was greater than 440 ms (p=0.022 and 0.001, respectively). It was also significantly higher in patients whose left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was <60% than in those with LVEF >60% (p=0.017). CONCLUSION: NLR was significantly higher in patients with HCM compared to the control group. A high NLR is associated with a higher five-year risk of SCD in patients with HCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/sangue , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
10.
Blood Press Monit ; 22(5): 247-252, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the difference in 24-h blood pressure values during Ramadan of fasting and nonfasting individuals with no previous history of hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was planned as a multicenter research study in the cities of Izmit, Zonguldak, Sivas, and Adana. The percentage changes in the blood pressure of the patients were calculated from their blood pressure measurements at 0 h while they were resting. A Food Frequency Questionnaire was filled out by all participants. RESULTS: Forty patients were included in the fasting group and 55 patients were included in the nonfasting group in the study. There was a difference between the two groups in percent changes of systolic measurements performed at the 4th (5% difference and P=0.020), 13th (6% difference and P=0.015), 14th (10% difference and P=0.017), 18th (9% difference and P=0.027), 19th (9% difference and P=0.020), and 20th (6% difference and P=0.014) hours with respect to the baseline measurement at the 0 h. There was a difference between the fasting and nonfasting groups in the Fasting Food Questionnaire results. Meat consumption was significantly higher in the fasting group. CONCLUSION: A systolic blood pressure increase in fasting patients was observed in measurements at 18:00, 19:00, and 20:00 h. We believe that an increase of more than 10% in blood pressure at the time of iftar is an important result of our study in terms of the meal preferences of the individuals under risk.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Jejum , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Islamismo , Masculino
11.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 44(4): 356, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27372630
12.
Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej ; 12(1): 17-24, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26966445

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total coronary occlusions (CTOs) is one of the most challenging procedures of interventional cardiology and is associated with increased risk of significant complications. However, debate continues in regard to which factors adversely influence the success rate of PCI and whether the benefits of revascularization of CTO outweigh the risks and challenges. AIM: To analyze the relationship between lesion characteristics and overall success rates as well as in-hospital outcomes after PCI for CTO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined the procedural outcomes of 173 consecutive native coronary artery CTO PCIs performed from February 2012 to March 2013 (78% men; mean age: 60.3 ±12.1 years). RESULTS: The CTO target vessel was the right coronary artery (53.8%), circumflex (10.4%) and left anterior descending artery (35.8%), respectively. The retrograde approach was used in 13.9% of all procedures. Successful revascularization was achieved in 83.2% of patients. Major complications occurred in 13.3% of patients. In multivariate analysis, bridge collaterals, severe calcification and tortuosity as well as tandem occlusions were independent predictors of procedural failure, whereas existence of micro-channels was the only predictor of procedural success. CONCLUSIONS: Revascularization of coronary CTOs may be performed with high success and low major complication rates. Bridge collaterals, severe calcification and tortuosity, tandem/multiple occlusions and micro-channels were independent predictors of successful CTO revascularization.

13.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 16(2): 142-3, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26898256
14.
Clin Respir J ; 10(4): 455-61, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25401950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSA) and aortic stiffness are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although aortic stiffness increased in patients with OSA, the relationship between severity of OSA indicated with apnoea-hypopnea index (AHI) and aortic stiffness was not investigated in previous studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the severity of OSA and aortic stiffness. METHODS: In the present study, 90 consecutive OSA patients definite diagnosed with sleep test were prospectively included (mean age 54.5 ± 11.6 years). Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were calculated using the single-point method via the Mobil-O-Graph® ARCsolver algorithm. Aortic distensibility (AD) was calculated from the echocardiographically derived ascending aorta diameters and haemodynamic pressure measurements. Overnight full-laboratory polysomnography examination was conducted on each subject. Patients were classified into two groups according to their median AHI values (AHIlow and AHIhigh groups). RESULTS: PWV values were higher and AD values were lower in AHIhigh group compared with AHIlow group (P < 0.05, for all). AHI was associated with body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, aortic diameter, AD, AIx and PWV in bivariate analysis (P < 0.05, for all). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that AHI was independently associated with BMI (ß = 0.175, P = 0.047), PWV (ß = 0.521, P < 0.001) and aortic distensibility (ß = -0.223, P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Aortic stiffness is associated both with the presence and the severity of OSA.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 43(8): 705-13, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26717332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat thickness (EFth) is associated with both left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction. However, the effect of EFth on myocardial performance is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between EFth and tissue Doppler myocardial performance index (TD-MPI), which incorporates both systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function, in newly diagnosed hypertension (HT) patients. METHODS: A total of 314 consecutive, newly diagnosed HT patients were prospectively included (mean age: 51.9±1.7 years). EFth was measured perpendicularly on the free wall of the right ventricle at the end of the systole in 2 echocardiographic views (parasternal short and long axis). Myocardial performance index (MPI) was calculated using tissue Doppler (TD) echocardiography. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to median TD-MPI levels (TD-MPIlow and TD-MPIhigh). RESULTS: EFth values of the TD-MPIhigh group were higher than those of the TD-MPIlow group (p<0.05). Patients in the TD-MPIhigh group also had higher age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), E/A ratio, and aortic distensibility, compared with the TD-MPIlow group (p<0.05 for all). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that TD-MPI was independently associated with age (ß=0.089, p=0.012), LVMI (ß=0.090, p=0.05), E/A (ß=-0.118, p=0.005), and EFth (ß=0.432, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: TD-MPI was independently associated with EFth in patients with newly diagnosed HT. EFth may be used as a predictor of impaired LV global functions in patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and newly diagnosed HT.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Pericárdio/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
EuroIntervention ; 11(7): 772-9, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26603986

RESUMO

AIMS: The optimal strategy for patients with isolated ostial bifurcation lesions has not yet been determined. We propose the modified flower petal technique for the treatment of Medina type 0,0,1 or 0,1,0 coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 64 patients who had Medina type 0,0,1 or 0,1,0 coronary bifurcation lesions. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed with the modified flower petal technique in all patients. After PCI, all patients were followed up to nine months after the intervention. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) analyses were performed for both the main and the side branch at baseline, after the stent implantation and at nine-month follow-up. Twenty patients (31.2%) had ostial left anterior descending artery lesions, nine patients (14.1%) had ostial circumflex artery lesions and the other patients had isolated ostial non-left main bifurcation lesions. The procedural success rate was 100%. There was no death, myocardial infarction, subacute or late stent thrombosis at nine-month follow-up. In one patient, in-stent restenosis requiring reintervention was noted. CONCLUSIONS: The modified flower petal technique has excellent acute results and midterm clinical outcomes in the management of Medina type 0,0,1 or 0,1,0 coronary bifurcation lesions.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Retratamento , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
17.
Herz ; 40(7): 1004-10, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26087700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic importance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) has recently been reported in patients with heart failure. The myocardial performance index (MPI), which combines parameters of both systolic and diastolic ventricular function, provides a better marker of left ventricular dysfunction in hypertensive patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). AIM: We aimed to investigate the relationship between hs-cTnT and tissue Doppler-derived MPI in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with preserved LVEF. METHODS: We studied 306 patients with newly diagnosed hypertension. The patients were divided into two groups according to their median MPI values: MPIlo and MPIhigh groups. The MPI was calculated from the pulsed-wave Doppler recordings. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was determined according to the Devereux formula. hs-cTnT, uric acid, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were measured in all patients. RESULTS: Hs-cTnT, hs-CRP, and uric acid levels were higher in the MPIhigh group compared with the MPIlow group (p < 0.05, for all). The LVMI values in the MPIhigh group were higher than in the MPIlow group (p < 0.05). MPI was independently associated with age, uric acid, hs-cTnT, and LVMI in multivariate analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that MPI and LVMI were independent predictors of high hs-cTnT level in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with preserved LVEF. CONCLUSION: Hs-cTnT was independently associated with LV dysfunction and LV hypertrophy assessed with MPI in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Troponina T/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Comorbidade , Ecocardiografia Doppler/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Volume Sistólico , Turquia/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
18.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 43(1): 49-57, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25655851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coronary flow reserve (CFR) and left ventricle (LV) geometric patterns in patients with newly-diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM). STUDY DESIGN: We studied 116 patients with newly-diagnosed DM and 31 healthy control subjects. Echocardiographic examination was performed on all subjects. Four different geometric patterns were identified in diabetic patients, according to LV mass index (LVMI) and relative wall thickness (RWT) [NG: Normal geometry; CR: Concentric remodeling; EH: Eccentric hypertrophy; CH: Concentric hypertrophy]. CFR was calculated as the hyperemic to resting coronary diastolic peak velocities ratio. RESULTS: Compared with controls, CFR was decreased in diabetic patients (p<0.05). The lowest CFR values were observed in the CH group compared with control and other groups (p<0.05, for all). Also, CFR values of the CR and EH groups were lower than NG and the control group (p<0.05, for all). CFR was associated with LV geometry (r=-0.449, p=0.001), LVMI (r=-0.401, p<0.001), RWT (r=-0.247, p=0.008), HbA1c (r=-0.576, p<0.001) and mitral valve E/A ratio (r=0.239, p=0.01) in bivariate analysis. CFR was independently associated with LV geometry (ß=-0.449, p<0.001), LVMI (ß=-0.192, p=0.016), and HbA1c (ß=-0.576, p<0.001) in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: CFR was impaired in newly-diagnosed DM. The degree of this deformation increases from normal geometry towards to concentric hypertrophy. This condition suggests that myocardial structural remodeling due to diabetes might be effective on CFR.


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 15(9): 744-50, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25592096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. The relationship between vitamin D level and left ventricle (LV) myocardial performance index (MPI=Tei index), which incorporates both LV systolic function and diastolic function, was not investigated in previous studies. We hypothesized that vitamin D level may be associated with LV function and geometry. We aimed to investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 [OH] D) levels and MPI and LV hypertrophy in hypertensive patients with newly diagnosed and preserved ejection fraction. METHODS: We studied 151 sequential newly diagnosed hypertensive subjects who lived in the Çukurova region without known cardiovascular risk factors or overt heart disease (mean age: 62.8±10.4 years). Serum 25 (OH) D was measured using a direct competitive chemiluminescent immunoassay. The patients were divided into two groups according to serum 25 (OH) D level: vitamin D-non-deficient group (vitamin D≥ 20.00 ng/mL, n=53) and vitamin D-deficient group (vitamin D< 20.00 ng/mL, n=98). MPI was defined as the sum of isovolumic contraction and relaxation times divided by the ejection time. LV mass index (LVMI) was calculated by using the Devereux formula and body surface area. RESULTS: MPI and LVMI values were lower and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were higher in patients who were vitamin D-non-deficient than patients who were vitamin D-deficient (p<0.05 for all). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that serum 25 (OH) D was independently associated with MPI (ß=-0.426, p<0.001), LVMI (ß=-0.345, p=<0.001), and LDL (ß=0.140, p<0.026). CONCLUSION: Lower serum 25 (OH) D levels are significantly associated with impaired myocardial performance and LVMI.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Hipertensão , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia , Vitamina D/sangue
20.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 15(9): 753-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25592097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mean platelet volume (MPV) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic disease. Thoracic aortic intima-media thickness (IMT) was reported as an earlier marker of preclinical atherosclerosis than carotid IMT. However, the relationship between MPV and aortic IMT was not investigated. We aimed to assess the relationship between thoracic aortic IMT and MPV in patients undergoing transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination for different indications. METHODS: We studied 190 patients (mean age 37.0±12.5 years) who underwent TEE for different indications. The patients who have known atherosclerotic disease were excluded from study. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median thoracic aortic IMT values (IMTlow group ≤13 mm and IMThigh group >13 mm). Platelet count and MPV were analyzed with an automated hematology analyzer. A multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to identify the independent associations of thoracic aortic IMT. RESULTS: The highest MPV values were observed in the IMThigh group compared with the IMTlow group (9.5±10 fL vs. 10.9±1.2 fL, p<0.001). Also, the IMThigh group had higher age, hs-CRP, and uric acid levels (p<0.05 for all). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that aortic IMT was independently related with age (ß=0.340, p<0.001), uric acid (ß=0.111, p=0.041), hs-CRP (ß=0.200, p<0.001), and MPV (ß=0.482, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: MPV is independently related to the extent of subclinical thoracic aortic atherosclerosis. Increases in MPV may be a crucial biochemical marker for initial atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/fisiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Contagem de Plaquetas , Fatores de Risco
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