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2.
Rev. psiquiatr. clín. (São Paulo) ; 42(6): 153-156, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-767838

RESUMO

Abstract Background Non-pharmalogical interventions represent an important complement to standard pharmalogical treatment in dementia. Objective This study aims to evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program on cognitive ability, quality of life and depression symptoms in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND). Methods Ninety-seven older adults were recruited to the present study. Of these, 70 patients had mild AD and were allocated into experimental (n = 54) or control (n = 16) groups. Two additional active comparison groups were constituted with patients with moderate AD (n = 13) or with CIND (n = 14) who also received the intervention. The multidisciplinary rehabilitation program lasted for 12 weeks and was composed by sessions of memory training, recreational activities, verbal expression and writing, physical therapy and physical training, delivered in two weekly 6-hour sessions. Results As compared to controls, mild AD patients who received the intervention had improvements in cognition (p = 0.021) and quality of life (p = 0.003), along with a reduction in depressive symptoms (p < 0.001). As compared to baseline, CIND patients displayed at the end of the intervention improvements in cognition (p = 0.005) and depressive symptoms (p = 0.011). No such benefits were found among patients with moderate AD.Discussion: This multidisciplinary rehabilitation program was beneficial for patients with mild AD and CIND. However, patients with moderate dementia did not benefit from the intervention.

3.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 88(12): 5661-7, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14671150

RESUMO

This study investigated whether the -3826 A-->G nucleotide variant of the uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) gene is correlated with postprandial thermogenesis after a high fat meal in children. Healthy boys, aged 8-11 yr, were examined for resting energy expenditure and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM), which were measured by indirect calorimetry for 180 min after a high fat (70% fat, 20% carbohydrate, and 10% protein, providing 30% of the daily energy requirement) and a high carbohydrate meal (20% fat, 70% carbohydrate, and 10% protein). The sympatho-vagal activities were assessed by means of spectral analysis of the heart rate variability during the same period. Children were genotyped for UCP1 polymorphism by applying a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism using buccal samples. There was no reaction of sympathetic activity to the high carbohydrate meal in either the GG allele or the AA+AG group and no significant difference in TEM. However, after the high fat meal, sympathetic responses were found in both groups; further, the GG allele group showed significantly lower TEM than the AA+AG group. In conclusion, despite fat-induced sympathetic stimulation, GG allele carriers have a lowered capacity of TEM in response to fat intake, suggesting that such impaired UCP1-linked thermogenesis can have adverse effects on the regulation of body weight.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Variação Genética/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Período Pós-Prandial , Adenina , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Metabolismo Energético , Genótipo , Guanina , Humanos , Canais Iônicos , Masculino , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Valores de Referência , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiologia , Termogênese , Fatores de Tempo , Proteína Desacopladora 1
4.
J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci ; 22(1): 37-46, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12672981

RESUMO

The purposes of this study were (1) to estimate biological age score (BAS) in Japanese healthy women based on the 4-7 years longitudinal data for physiological, hematological and biochemical examinations and (2) to examine the rate of aging changes in adult women based on the estimated BAS. The samples consisted of cross-sectional (n=981) and longitudinal (n=110) groups. Out of 31 variables examined, five variables (forced expiratory volume in 1.0 s, systolic blood pressure, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, glucose, albumin/globulin ratio) that met the following criteria: 1) significant cross-sectional correlation with age; 2) significant longitudinal change in the same direction as the cross-sectional correlation; and (3) assessment of redundancy, were selected as candidate biomarkers of aging. This variable set was then submitted into a principal component analysis, and the first principal component obtained from this analysis was used as an equation for assessing one's BAS. Individual BAS showed a high longitudinal stability of age-related changes, suggesting high predictive validity of our newly developed aging measurement equation. However, changes in the aging rate based on the estimated BAS were not constant. The mean slopes of the regression lines of BAS for the three age groups (age<45, 45

Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Envelhecimento , Biomarcadores , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia , Pressão Sanguínea , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Saúde da Mulher
5.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 89(2): 109-14, 2003 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12665972

RESUMO

Reductions in tonic vagal controls of the heart and depressed baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) have been associated with a postural fall in blood pressure (BP) and the incidence of cardiac events among older people. We examined the hypothesis that BP regulation during orthostatic challenge as well as heart rate variability (HRV) at rest can be better maintained in long-term exercise-trained, healthy, older men (aged 60-70 years). Subjects were classified into two groups; long-term exercise-trained (LTET, n=14) and sedentary (SED, n=10) according to their history of physical activity. Prior to the dynamic BRS assessment, supine resting autonomic cardiac modulation was assessed by means of time domain HRV [standard deviation of ECG R-R interval (RRISD) and the coefficient of variation (CV)]. The BRS was assessed during 60 degrees head-up tilting by simultaneously measuring beat-by-beat systolic blood pressure (SBP) and ECG R-R interval changes. The BRS gain was determined by the regression slope coefficient based on the extent of the SBP fall and the corresponding ECG R-R shortening during the orthostatic challenge. The results indicated that the LTET group manifested greater ECG R-R interval fluctuations with significantly higher resting RRISD and CV, compared with the SED group [59.5 (10.4) versus 27.7 (7.8) ms, p<0.05; 5.5 (0.8) versus 2.8 (0.7)%, p<0.05], respectively. Using dynamic BRS testing during the acute orthostatic challenge, the LTET group showed a significantly higher BRS gain than the SED [6.4 (0.8) versus 3.8 (0.6) ms x mmHg(-1), p<0.017] group. These results indicate that CV and BRS are well maintained in healthy, LTET older individuals when compared with their sedentary peers. Our data suggest that this augmented autonomic cardiac modulation reflects better parasympathetic responsiveness in LTET individuals. Data provide further support for long-term exercise training as another possible cardioprotective factor that might decrease susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation as well as assist arterial BP at the onset of an orthostatic challenge in older men.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Barorreflexo/fisiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Coração/inervação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Decúbito Inclinado com Rebaixamento da Cabeça , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação Física e Treinamento , Sístole , Fatores de Tempo
6.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 57(9): M605-10, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12196499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aging associated changes in sympatho-vagal activities have been widely studied. However, little is known about the association between cardiorespiratory fitness level and cardiac autonomic nervous activities in conjunction with baroreflex sensitivity in healthy older men. METHODS: We performed an incremental submaximal exercise test in 24 healthy, older men aged 60-70 years. They were divided into physically fit (PF, oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold [ATO(2)] = 25.2 +/- 0.85 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)) and physically unfit (PU, ATO(2) = 19.6 +/- 0.42 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)) groups, based upon the results of an incremental exercise stress test. The cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activities were assessed by means of power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) testing was performed using simultaneous beat-by-beat blood pressure and heart rate measurement during a transition from supine horizontal position to 60 degrees head-up-tilting (HUT). RESULTS: At rest conditions, the high-frequency component ( p =.03) and total power ( p =.04) of heart rate variability spectrum were significantly higher in the PF group. The BRS assessed during passive HUT was also significantly higher (7.5 +/- 0.5 vs 3.0 +/- 0.4 ms.mm Hg(-1), p =.001) in the PF compared with the PU group. In addition, a significant correlation coefficient (r =.73, p =.001) was found between ATO(2) and BRS among the subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The maintenance of high cardiorespiratory function, i.e., higher ATO(2) through a life-long active lifestyle including endurance exercise, may play an important role in reserving cardiac ANS and BRS in older men.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Coração/fisiologia , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Respiratórios , Idoso , Barorreflexo/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Coração/inervação , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nervo Vago/fisiologia
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