Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30427676

RESUMO

The discovery and optimization of biomolecules that reliably function in metazoan cells is imperative for both the study of basic biology and the treatment of disease. We describe the development, characterization, and proof-of-concept application of a platform for directed evolution of diverse biomolecules of interest (BOIs) directly in human cells. The platform relies on a custom-designed adenovirus variant lacking multiple genes, including the essential DNA polymerase and protease genes, features that allow us to evolve BOIs encoded by genes as large as 7 kb while attaining the mutation rates and enforcing the selection pressure required for successful directed evolution. High mutagenesis rates are continuously attained by trans-complementation of a newly engineered, highly error-prone form of the adenoviral polymerase. Selection pressure that couples desired BOI functions to adenoviral propagation is achieved by linking the functionality of the encoded BOI to the production of adenoviral protease activity by the human cell. The dynamic range for directed evolution can be enhanced to several orders of magnitude via application of a small molecule-based adenoviral protease inhibitor to modulate selection pressure during directed evolution experiments. This platform makes it possible, in principle, to evolve any biomolecule activity that can be coupled to adenoviral protease expression or activation by simply serially passaging adenoviral populations carrying the BOI. As proof-of-concept, we use the platform to evolve, directly in the human cell environment, several transcription factor variants that maintain high levels of function while gaining resistance to a small molecule inhibitor. We anticipate that this platform will substantially expand the repertoire of biomolecules that can be reliably and robustly engineered for both research and therapeutic applications in metazoan systems.

2.
J Virol ; 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30333171

RESUMO

Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are being explored as vectors for gene transfer and vaccination. Human adenovirus type 26 (HAdV26), which belongs to the largest subgroup of adenoviruses, species D, has a short fiber and a so far unknown natural tropism. Due to its low seroprevalence, HAdV26 has been considered a promising vector for the development of vaccines. Despite the fact that the in vivo safety and immunogenicity of HAdV26 has been extensively studied, the basic biology of this virus, with regard to receptor use, cell attachment, internalization and intracellular trafficking is poorly understood. In this work we investigated the role of the coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR), CD46 and αv integrins in HAdV26 infection of human epithelial cell lines. By performing different gain- and loss-of-function studies we found that αvß3 integrin is required for efficient infection of epithelial cells by HAdV26, while CAR and CD46 did not increase transduction efficiency of HAdV26. By studying intracellular trafficking of fluorescently labeled HAdV26 in A549 cells and A549-derived cell clones with stably increased expression of αvß3 integrin, we observed that HAdV26 co-localizes with αvß3 integrin and that increased αvß3 integrin enhances internalization of HAdV26. Thus we conclude that HAdV26 uses αvß3 integrin as a receptor for infecting epithelial cells. These results give us new insight into the HAdV26 infection pathway and will be helpful in further defining HAdV-based vector manufacturing and vaccination strategies.IMPORTANCEAdenovirus-based vectors are used today for gene transfer and vaccination. HAdV26 has emerged as a promising candidate vector for development of vaccines due to its relatively low seroprevalence and its ability to induce potent immune responses against encoded transgenes. However, data regarding the basic biology of this virus, like receptor usage or intracellular trafficking, are limited. In this work we found that efficient infection of human epithelial cell lines by HAdV26 requires the expression of the αvß3 integrin. By studying intracellular trafficking of fluorescently labeled HAdV26 in a cell clone with stably increased expression of αvß3 integrin, we observed that HAdV26 co-localizes with αvß3 integrin and confirmed that αvß3 integrin expression facilitates efficient HAdV26 internalization. These results will allow us further improvement of HAdV26 based vectors for gene transfer and vaccination.

3.
Vaccine ; 36(30): 4462-4470, 2018 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914845

RESUMO

Oncogenic high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections cause a substantial number of genital and non-genital cancers worldwide. Approximately 70% of all cervical cancers are caused by the high-risk HPV16 and 18 types. The remaining 30% can be attributed to twelve other high-risk HPV-types. Highly efficacious 2-valent, 4-valent and 9-valent L1 protein based prophylactic HPV vaccines are available however with limited cross-protection. To further increase the coverage, development of a multivalent cross-protective HPV vaccine is currently focused on the conserved N-terminus of HPV's L2 protein. We have developed a vaccine candidate based on the rare human adenovirus type 35 (HAdV35) vector that displays a concatemer of L2 protein epitopes from four different HPV-types via protein IX (pIX). A mix of two heterologous HAdV35 pIX-L2 display vectors present highly conserved linear epitopes of nine HPV-types. Each HAdV35 pIX-L2 display vector exhibits a good manufacturability profile. HAdV35 pIX-L2 display vaccine vectors were immunogenic and induced neutralizing antibodies against HPV-types included in the vaccine and cross-neutralizing antibodies against distant a HPV-type not included in the vaccine in mice. The HAdV35 pIX-L2 display vectors offer an opportunity for a multivalent HAdV-based prophylactic HPV vaccine.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Imunidade Humoral/imunologia , Papillomaviridae/imunologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Feminino , Cinética , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos
4.
PLoS Pathog ; 12(3): e1005483, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032093

RESUMO

The poliovirus vaccine field is moving towards novel vaccination strategies. Withdrawal of the Oral Poliovirus Vaccine and implementation of the conventional Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (cIPV) is imminent. Moreover, replacement of the virulent poliovirus strains currently used for cIPV with attenuated strains is preferred. We generated Cold-Adapted Viral Attenuation (CAVA) poliovirus strains by serial passage at low temperature and subsequent genetic engineering, which contain the capsid sequences of cIPV strains combined with a set of mutations identified during cold-adaptation. These viruses displayed a highly temperature sensitive phenotype with no signs of productive infection at 37°C as visualized by electron microscopy. Furthermore, decreases in infectious titers, viral RNA, and protein levels were measured during infection at 37°C, suggesting a block in the viral replication cycle at RNA replication, protein translation, or earlier. However, at 30°C, they could be propagated to high titers (9.4-9.9 Log10TCID50/ml) on the PER.C6 cell culture platform. We identified 14 mutations in the IRES and non-structural regions, which in combination induced the temperature sensitive phenotype, also when transferred to the genomes of other wild-type and attenuated polioviruses. The temperature sensitivity translated to complete absence of neurovirulence in CD155 transgenic mice. Attenuation was also confirmed after extended in vitro passage at small scale using conditions (MOI, cell density, temperature) anticipated for vaccine production. The inability of CAVA strains to replicate at 37°C makes reversion to a neurovirulent phenotype in vivo highly unlikely, therefore, these strains can be considered safe for the manufacture of IPV. The CAVA strains were immunogenic in the Wistar rat potency model for cIPV, inducing high neutralizing antibody titers in a dose-dependent manner in response to D-antigen doses used for cIPV. In combination with the highly productive PER.C6 cell culture platform, the stably attenuated CAVA strains may serve as an attractive low-cost and (bio)safe option for the production of a novel next generation IPV.


Assuntos
Poliomielite/imunologia , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/imunologia , Poliovirus/imunologia , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação/genética , Fenótipo , Poliovirus/genética , Vacina Antipólio Oral/imunologia , RNA Viral/imunologia , Ratos , Vacinação/métodos
5.
Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol ; 5(3): a013003, 2013 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23388625

RESUMO

Adenoviruses have attracted much attention as probes to study biological processes such as DNA replication, transcription, splicing, and cellular transformation. More recently these viruses have been used as gene-transfer vectors and oncolytic agents. On the other hand, adenoviruses are notorious pathogens in people with compromised immune functions. This article will briefly summarize the basic replication strategy of adenoviruses and the key proteins involved and will deal with the new developments since 2006. In addition, we will cover the development of antivirals that interfere with human adenovirus (HAdV) replication and the impact of HAdV on human disease.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/fisiopatologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Replicação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação do DNA/fisiologia , DNA Viral/biossíntese , Modelos Genéticos , Adenoviridae/genética , DNA Polimerase beta/metabolismo , Replicação do DNA/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Precursores de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
6.
Virol J ; 8: 162, 2011 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21477385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The survival of glioma patients with the current treatments is poor. Early clinical trails with replicating adenoviruses demonstrated the feasibility and safety of the use of adenoviruses as oncolytic agents. Antitumor efficacy has been moderate due to inefficient virus replication and spread. Previous studies have shown that truncation of the adenovirus i-leader open reading frame enhanced cytopathic activity of HAdV-5 in several tumor cell lines. Here we report the effect of an i-leader mutation on the cytopathic activity in glioma cell lines and in primary high-grade glioma cell cultures. RESULTS: A mutation truncating the i-leader open reading frame was created in a molecular clone of replication-competent wild-type HAdV-5 by site-directed mutagenesis. We analyzed the cytopathic activity of this RL-07 mutant virus. A cell-viability assay showed increased cytopathic activity of the RL-07 mutant virus on U251 and SNB19 glioma cell lines. The plaque sizes of RL-07 on U251 monolayers were seven times larger than those of isogenic control viruses. Similarly, the cytopathic activity of the RL-07 viruses was strongly increased in six primary high-grade glioma cell cultures. In glioma cell lines the RL-07 virus was found to be released earlier into the culture medium. This was not due to enhanced viral protein synthesis, as was evident from equivalent E1A, Fiber and Adenovirus Death Protein amounts, nor to higher virus yields. CONCLUSION: The cytopathic activity of replicating adenovirus in glioblastoma cells is increased by truncating the i-leader open reading frame. Such mutations may help enhancing the antitumor cytopathic efficacy of oncolytic adenoviruses in the treatment of glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/virologia , Adenovírus Humanos/fisiologia , Glioma/virologia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Deleção de Sequência , Liberação de Vírus , Adenovírus Humanos/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação
7.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 39(5): e30, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21138963

RESUMO

Adenoviruses (Ads) are the most frequently used viruses for oncolytic and gene therapy purposes. Most Ad-based vectors have been generated through rational design. Although this led to significant vector improvements, it is often hampered by an insufficient understanding of Ad's intricate functions and interactions. Here, to evade this issue, we adopted a novel, mutator Ad polymerase-based, 'accelerated-evolution' approach that can serve as general method to generate or optimize adenoviral vectors. First, we site specifically substituted Ad polymerase residues located in either the nucleotide binding pocket or the exonuclease domain. This yielded several polymerase mutants that, while fully supportive of viral replication, increased Ad's intrinsic mutation rate. Mutator activities of these mutants were revealed by performing deep sequencing on pools of replicated viruses. The strongest identified mutators carried replacements of residues implicated in ssDNA binding at the exonuclease active site. Next, we exploited these mutators to generate the genetic diversity required for directed Ad evolution. Using this new forward genetics approach, we isolated viral mutants with improved cytolytic activity. These mutants revealed a common mutation in a splice acceptor site preceding the gene for the adenovirus death protein (ADP). Accordingly, the isolated viruses showed high and untimely expression of ADP, correlating with a severe deregulation of E3 transcript splicing.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/genética , Evolução Molecular Direcionada/métodos , Vírus Oncolíticos/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Adenoviridae/enzimologia , Proteínas E3 de Adenovirus/genética , Proteínas E3 de Adenovirus/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/química , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Processamento de RNA , Replicação Viral
8.
Virology ; 410(1): 192-200, 2011 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21130482

RESUMO

In human adenoviruses (HAdV), 240 copies of the 14.3-kDa minor capsid protein IX stabilize the capsid. Three N-terminal domains of protein IX form triskelions between hexon capsomers. The C-terminal domains of four protein IX monomers associate near the facet periphery. The precise biological role of protein IX remains enigmatic. Here we show that deletion of the protein IX gene from a HAdV-5 vector enhanced the reporter gene delivery 5 to 25-fold, specifically to Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor (CAR)-negative cell lines. Deletion of the protein IX gene also resulted in enhanced activation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The mechanism for the enhanced transduction is obscure. No differences in fiber loading, integrin-dependency of transduction, or factor-X binding could be established between protein IX-containing and protein IX-deficient particles. Our data suggest that protein IX can affect the cell tropism of HAdV-5, and may function to dampen the innate immune responses against HAdV particles.


Assuntos
Adenovírus Humanos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Receptores Virais/genética , Adenovírus Humanos/genética , Animais , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Deleção de Genes , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Humanos , Integrinas/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
9.
Hum Gene Ther ; 21(7): 807-13, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20001452

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is at present the most common malignancy in men in the Western world. When localized to the prostate, this disease can be treated by curative therapy such as surgery and radiotherapy. However, a substantial number of patients experience a recurrence, resulting in spreading of tumor cells to other parts of the body. In this advanced stage of the disease only palliative treatment is available. Therefore, there is a clear clinical need for new treatment modalities that can, on the one hand, enhance the cure rate of primary therapy for localized prostate cancer and, on the other hand, improve the treatment of metastasized disease. Gene therapy is now being explored in the clinic as a treatment option for the various stages of prostate cancer. Current clinical experiences are based predominantly on trials with adenoviral vectors. As the first of a trilogy of reviews on the state of the art and future prospects of gene therapy in prostate cancer, this review focuses on the clinical experiences and progress of adenovirus-mediated gene therapy for this disease.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Terapia Genética/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Terapia Genética/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Hum Gene Ther ; 21(7): 795-805, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19947826

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is a leading cause of death among men in Western countries. Whereas the survival rate approaches 100% for patients with localized cancer, the results of treatment in patients with metastasized prostate cancer at diagnosis are much less successful. The patients are usually presented with a variety of treatment options, but therapeutic interventions in prostate cancer are associated with frequent adverse side effects. Gene therapy and oncolytic virus therapy may constitute new strategies. Already a wide variety of preclinical studies has demonstrated the therapeutic potential of such approaches, with oncolytic prostate-specific adenoviruses as the most prominent vector. The state of the art and future prospects of gene therapy in prostate cancer are reviewed, with a focus on adenoviral vectors. We summarize advances in adenovirus technology for prostate cancer treatment and highlight areas where further developments are necessary.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Terapia Genética/métodos , Terapia Genética/tendências , Humanos , Masculino
11.
J Gene Med ; 11(11): 990-1004, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19757488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies aimed at retargeting adenovirus (Ad) rationally focus on genetic modification of fiber, which is the primary receptor-binding protein of Ad. Retargeted fibers ultimately require functional validation in the viral context. METHODS: Lentiviral vectors (LV) were used to express fiber variants in cells. Infections with a fiber gene-deleted Ad vector yielded fiber-pseudotyped viruses. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and slot blot-based assays probed target binding-ability of retargeted fibers. Differential treatments with an alkylating agent prior to western blot analysis allowed for examination of intra- and extracellular redox states of fibers. RESULTS: In the present study, LV-based fiber-pseudotyping of Ad is presented as an accelerated means to test new fibers. LV-mediated gene transfer yielded stable and uniform populations of fiber variant-expressing cells. These populations were found to effectively support fiber-pseudotyping of Ad. As a secondary objective of the study, we functionally assessed a chimeric fiber harboring a tumor antigen-directed single-chain antibody fragment (scFv). This fiber was shown to trimerize and achieve a degree of binding to its antigenic target. However, its capsid incorporation ability was impaired and, moreover, it was unable to confer a detectable level of target binding upon Ad. Importantly, subsequent analyses of this fiber revealed the improper folding of its scFv constituent. CONCLUSIONS: LV-based fiber-pseudotyping was established as a convenient method for testing modified fibers for functionality within Ad particles. Furthermore, a new chimeric fiber was found to be inadequate for Ad retargeting. The folding difficulties encountered for this particular fiber might be generally inherent to the use (i.e. for genetic Ad capsid incorporation) of complex, disulfide bridge-containing natural ligands.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Lentivirus/genética , Transdução Genética , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia
12.
J Gene Med ; 8(2): 147-54, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16288495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adenovirus 14.3 kDa hexon-associated protein IX (pIX) functions in the viral capsid as 'cement' and assembles the hexons in stable groups-of-nine (GONs). Although viruses lacking pIX do not form GONs, and are less heat-stable than wild-type (wt) viruses, they can be propagated with the same kinetics and yields as the wt viruses. To facilitate 'pseudotyping' of adenoviral vectors we have set up an efficient system for the generation of pIX-producing helper cell lines. METHODS: With a lentiviral pIX-expression cassette, monoclonal and polyclonal helper cell lines were generated, which express wt or modified pIX genes at levels equivalent to wt HAdV-5 infected cells. The incorporation efficiency into pIX gene deleted viruses was examined by Western analysis, immuno-affinity electron microscopy, and heat-stability assays. RESULTS: Immuno-affinity electron microscopy on viruses lacking the pIX gene demonstrated that more than 96% of the particles contain pIX protein in their capsids after propagation on the pIX-expressing helper cell lines. In addition, the pIX level in the helper cells was sufficient to generate heat-stable particles. Finally, the ratio between pIX and fiber was equivalent to that found in wt particles. The pIX-producing cell lines are very stable, demonstrating that pIX is not toxic to cells. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that lentivirus vectors can be used for the establishment of pIX-complementing helper cell lines.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Lentivirus , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Proteínas do Capsídeo/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica
13.
Virology ; 320(1): 121-34, 2004 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15003868

RESUMO

The expression of therapeutic genes by oncolytic viruses is a promising strategy to improve viral oncolysis, to augment gene transfer compared with a nonreplicating adenoviral vector, or to combine virotherapy and gene therapy. Both the mode of transgene expression and the locale of transgene insertion into the virus genome critically determine the efficacy of this approach. We report here on the properties of oncolytic adenoviruses which contain the luciferase cDNA fused via an optimized internal ribosome entry site (IRES) to the immediate early adenoviral gene E1A (AdDeltaE1AIL), the early gene E2B (AdDeltaE2BIL), or the late fiber gene (AdDeltafiberIL). These viruses showed distinct kinetics of transgene expression and luciferase activity. Early after infection, luciferase activities were lower for these viruses, especially for AdDeltaE2BIL, compared with nonreplicating AdTL, which contained the luciferase gene expressed from the strong CMV promoter. However, 6 days after infection, luciferase activities were approximately four (AdDeltaE1AIL) to six (AdDeltafiberIL) orders of magnitude higher than for AdTL, reflecting virus replication and efficient transgene expression. Similar results were obtained in vivo after intratumoral injection of AdDeltaE2BIL, AdDeltafiberIL, and AdTL. AdDeltafiberIL and the parental virus, Ad5-Delta24, resulted in similar cytotoxicity, but AdDeltaE2BIL and AdDeltaE1AIL were slightly attenuated. Disruption of the expression of neighboring viral genes by insertion of the transgene was minimal for AdDeltaE2BIL and AdDeltafiberIL, but substantial for AdDeltaE1AIL. Our observations suggest that insertion of IRES-transgene cassettes into viral transcription units is an attractive strategy for the development of armed oncolytic adenoviruses with defined kinetics and strength of transgene expression.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Virais , Luciferases/genética , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Proteínas E1A de Adenovirus/genética , Proteínas E2 de Adenovirus/genética , Animais , Fusão Gênica Artificial , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Terapia Genética/métodos , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Luciferases/análise , Luciferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/virologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Ribossomos/genética , Fatores de Tempo , Transgenes/fisiologia
14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 31(21): 6064-78, 2003 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14576293

RESUMO

Designer molecules that can specifically target pre-determined DNA sequences provide a means to modulate endogenous gene function. Different classes of sequence-specific DNA-binding agents have been developed, including triplex-forming molecules, synthetic polyamides and designer zinc finger proteins. These different types of designer molecules with their different principles of engineered sequence specificity are reviewed in this paper. Furthermore, we explore and discuss the potential of these molecules as therapeutic modulators of endogenous gene function, focusing on modulation by stable gene modification and by regulation of gene transcription.


Assuntos
DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Animais , DNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Humanos , Nylons/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
15.
Mol Ther ; 8(3): 449-58, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12946318

RESUMO

Oncolytic viruses that are replication competent in tumor but not in normal cells represent a novel approach for treating neoplastic diseases. However, the oncolytic potency of replicating agents is determined directly by their capability of infecting target cells. Most adenoviruses used for gene therapy or virotherapy have been based on serotype 5 (Ad5). Unfortunately, expression of the primary receptor for Ad5 (the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor, or CAR) is highly variable on ovarian and other cancer cells. By performing genetic fiber pseudotyping, we created Ad5/3-Delta24, a conditionally replicating adenovirus that does not bind CAR but facilitates entry into and killing of ovarian cancer cells. We show replication of Ad5/3-Delta24 and subsequent oncolysis of ovarian adenocarcinoma lines. Replication was also analyzed with quantitative PCR on three-dimensional primary tumor cell spheroids purified from patient samples. Moreover, in a therapeutic orthotopic model of peritoneal carcinomatosis, dramatically enhanced survival was noted. Finally, Ad5/3-Delta24 achieved a significant antitumor effect as assessed by noninvasive, in vivo bioluminescence imaging. Therefore, the preclinical therapeutic efficacy of Ad5/3-Delta24 is improved over the respective CAR- and integrin-binding controls. Taken together with promising biodistribution and toxicity data, this approach could translate into successful clinical interventions for ovarian cancer patients.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Medições Luminescentes , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 10(2): 121-4, 2003 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12536200

RESUMO

As an initial assessment of the feasibility of employing the adenovirus serotype 3 (Ad3) fiber knob as a locale for introducing a tropism-modifying motif, we generated an adenoviral vector containing a six-histidine tag genetically fused to the carboxy-terminus of the Ad3 fiber knob. The heterologous tag proved to be accessible for binding in the context of the virion and, moreover, had rendered the modified vector capable of mediating gene transfer through an artificial, non-Ad3 receptor.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Capsídeo/fisiologia , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Adenoviridae/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Citomegalovirus/genética , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Histidina/genética , Ligantes , Luciferases/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA