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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e243150, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339334

RESUMO

Abstract Present study was conducted among school children to recognize the prevalence of IPIs in rural communities of district Dir Lower, Pakistan. A sum of 324 samples of stool were collected (210 boys and 114 girls). Used direct smear method and formol ether sedimentation concentration technique for processing the samples. The result shows that 82% (n=266) were found infected comprised 64.8% male and 35.1% females. Children of the age group 10 to 12 years were found extremely infected 94.2% while 4-6 year age group were having minimum ratio of infection 72%. Current study shows mono parasitism in 50.6% of the students while 22.2% were infected with 2 species and 7.40% were infected with three species of parasites. Seven species of intestinal parasites were reported include Ascaris lumbricoid in male (n=122) 58.0% and in female (n=65) 57.0% followed by Hook worm (n=88) 41.9% and (n=44) 38.5%; Tania saginata (n=44) 20.9% and (n=24) 21.0%; Entrobius vermicularis (n=32) 15.2% and (n=16) 14.0%; Trichuris trichura (n=25) 11.9% and (n=22) 19.2%; Hymenolepis nana (n=24) 11.4% and (n=18) 15.7% and Entameoba histolytica (n=16) 7.61% and (n=14) 12.2% in male and females respectively. The study indicates that most occurring intestinal parasite in the current study were Ascaris lumbricoides 58.0% (n=122) followed by hookworms 41.9% (n=88). Male students were more infected than females in the present study.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido entre crianças em idade escolar para reconhecer a prevalência de IPIs em comunidades rurais do distrito de Dir Lower, Paquistão. Foram coletadas 324 amostras de fezes (210 meninos e 114 meninas). Método de esfregaço direto usado e técnica de concentração de sedimentação de formol éter para processar as amostras. O resultado mostra que 82% (n = 266) dos infectados eram 64,8% do sexo masculino e 35,1% do feminino. Crianças da faixa etária de 10 a 12 anos foram encontradas extremamente infectadas 94,2%, enquanto a faixa etária de 4 a 6 anos apresentava proporção mínima de infecção de 72%. O estudo atual mostra monoparasitismo em 50,6% dos alunos, enquanto 22,2% estavam infectados com 2 espécies e 7,40% estavam infectados com três espécies de parasitas. Sete espécies de parasitas intestinais foram relatadas incluindo Ascaris lumbricoid em machos (n = 122) 58,0% e em fêmeas (n = 65) 57,0% seguido por anzol (n = 88) 41,9% e (n = 44) 38,5%; Tania saginata (n = 44) 20,9% e (n = 24) 21,0%; Entrobius vermicularis (n = 32) 15,2% e (n = 16) 14,0%; Trichuris trichura (n = 25) 11,9% e (n = 22) 19,2%; Hymenolepis nana (n = 24) 11,4% e (n = 18) 15,7% e Entameoba histolytica (n = 16) 7,61% e (n = 14) 12,2% em homens e mulheres, respectivamente. O estudo indica que os parasitas intestinais que mais ocorreram no presente estudo foram Ascaris lumbricoides 58,0% (n = 122), seguidos por ancilóstomos 41,9% (n = 88). Estudantes do sexo masculino foram mais infectados do que do sexo feminino no presente estudo.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e243150, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644727

RESUMO

Present study was conducted among school children to recognize the prevalence of IPIs in rural communities of district Dir Lower, Pakistan. A sum of 324 samples of stool were collected (210 boys and 114 girls). Used direct smear method and formol ether sedimentation concentration technique for processing the samples. The result shows that 82% (n=266) were found infected comprised 64.8% male and 35.1% females. Children of the age group 10 to 12 years were found extremely infected 94.2% while 4-6 year age group were having minimum ratio of infection 72%. Current study shows mono parasitism in 50.6% of the students while 22.2% were infected with 2 species and 7.40% were infected with three species of parasites. Seven species of intestinal parasites were reported include Ascaris lumbricoid in male (n=122) 58.0% and in female (n=65) 57.0% followed by Hook worm (n=88) 41.9% and (n=44) 38.5%; Tania saginata (n=44) 20.9% and (n=24) 21.0%; Entrobius vermicularis (n=32) 15.2% and (n=16) 14.0%; Trichuris trichura (n=25) 11.9% and (n=22) 19.2%; Hymenolepis nana (n=24) 11.4% and (n=18) 15.7% and Entameoba histolytica (n=16) 7.61% and (n=14) 12.2% in male and females respectively. The study indicates that most occurring intestinal parasite in the current study were Ascaris lumbricoides 58.0% (n=122) followed by hookworms 41.9% (n=88). Male students were more infected than females in the present study.


Assuntos
Enteropatias Parasitárias , Parasitos , Animais , Criança , Fezes , Feminino , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
3.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 96(9): 476-487, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association between IL-8 gene polymorphisms, IL-8 level, towards the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Meta-analysis was performed from available studies that investigated IL-8 -251A/T (rs4073) and +781C/T (rs2227306) polymorphisms and IL-8 levels in patients with AMD and controls. RESULTS: Overall, the pooled result showed a significant association between AMD with allelic (T vs. C; OR 1.53; p = 0.005), dominant (TT + CT vs. CC; OR 1.95; p = 0.017), homozygous (TT vs. CC; OR 2.03; p = 0.039) and heterozygous (CT vs. CC; OR 1.92; p = 0.032) models of rs2227306; while subgroup analysis revealed a significant association between rs2227306 with wet AMD in allelic (T vs. C; OR 1.69; p = 0.016), recessive (TT vs. CT + CC; OR 1.81; p = 0.00007), and homozygous (TT vs. CC; OR 2.64; p = 0.003) models. No significant association was observed between rs4073 with AMD in all inheritance models. In parallel, patients with AMD, particularly wet AMD had an elevated level of IL-8 compared to control. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that patients with AMD or wet AMD have higher IL-8 levels compared to control, which is also supported by the evidence that carrier T allele of rs2227306 exhibited an increase in the risk of AMD or wet AMD. Thus, IL-8 +781C/T (rs2227306) polymorphism and the level of intraocular IL-8 may be useful as a biomarker for early detection and a therapeutic target of AMD.


Assuntos
Interleucina-8/genética , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa , Alelos , Homozigoto , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/genética
4.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 43(10): 1009-1019, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004198

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify the association between serum vitamin D levels and its receptor polymorphisms with glaucoma risk. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed from available studies investigating serum vitamin D levels and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms in glaucoma patients and controls. RESULTS: Twelve studies in total, including 130,676 and 476 subjects, were analysed for the association between serum vitamin D levels and VDR polymorphisms with glaucoma, respectively. Collectively, it was found that glaucoma patients have lower levels of vitamin D compared to controls (SMD=-1.16, 95% CI=-1.56--0.76, P<0.00001). In parallel, the pooled results showed a significant association between glaucoma and allelic (b vs. B, OR=1.84, 95% CI=1.37-2.46, P=0.00001) and recessive (bb vs. Bb+BB, OR=3.16, 95% CI=1.30-7.66, P=0.001) models of VDR BsmI (rs1544410) polymorphism, but not with VDR TaqI (rs731236) or FokI (rs2228570) polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that patients with glaucoma may have vitamin D deficiency. In addition, the vitamin D signalling cascade may be a contributing factor in developing glaucoma, which is supported by the evidence that b allele carriers of VDR BsmI exhibited an increase in the risk of glaucoma. Thus, dietary supplementation of vitamin D may become an important approach as an additional treatment for glaucoma.


Assuntos
Glaucoma/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Vitamina D/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Desoxirribonucleases de Sítio Específico do Tipo II/metabolismo , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição/genética , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina D/metabolismo
6.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 95(7): 315-321, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414512

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the change in aqueous humor interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels among primary open-angle glaucoma (GPAA) patients. METHODS: Studies that investigated IL-6 level in the aqueous humor in GPAA patients using the detección methods of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) y multiplex bead immunoassay were retrieved. A meta-analysis was performed a determine the overall change in IL-6 of GPAA patients compared a controls. RESULTS: A total of 14 studies were selected. Analysis combining the results of studies using both detección approaches did not show any changes in the level of IL-6 in GPAA (SMD=-0,07, 95%IC -0,73 - 0,59, P=0,83), possibly due a the heterogeneity of ELISA data. Since multiplex bead immunoassay is more sensitive than convenciónal ELISA in detecting antibodies, further isolated analysis of multiplex bead immunoassay results revealed that GPAA patients had a lower level of IL-6 in the aqueous humor compared a controls (SMD=-0,40, 95%IC -0,70 - 0,09, P=0,01). Moreover, a sensitivity test also confirmed that no alteracións of results were observed in all pooled studies y pooled studies from multiplex bead immunoassay, suggesting the stabilities of our synthetic results. CONCLUSION: Because of its robustness, the pooled data from multiplex bead immunoassay was used a draw a conclusion in this study, showing that the reducción of IL-6 levels in aqueous humor was observed in patients with GPAA. Further studies are still warranted a confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Humor Aquoso/química , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Separação Imunomagnética , Interleucina-6/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
7.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 95(2): 84-89, feb. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195331

RESUMO

La dopamina es sintetizada por la tirosina hidroxilasa y es considerada como una catecolamina mayor en la retina de los vertebrados, incluyendo el pez cebra. Sin embargo, se conoce poco sobre la función del receptor de dopamina D2 (DRD2) en la fisiología retiniana. Por lo tanto, para dilucidar el papel del DRD2 en el desarrollo y la función de los ojos en el pez cebra, los peces fueron expuestos a la flufenazina, quinpirol, o la combinación de ambos, y luego se evaluó el tamaño del ojo, el diámetro del nervio óptico (ONd) y la adaptación visual al fondo. Los resultados mostraron que la flufenazina (flufenazina, antagonista DRD2) disminuyó el tamaño del ojo y el diámetro del nervio óptico seguido de una interrupción de la función visual. La adición de quinpirol (quinpirol, agonista DRD2) invirtió los efectos causados por flufenazina, lo que implica que DRD2 es necesario para el desarrollo y la función normal del ojo en el pez cebra. Considerando el papel de las neuronas dopaminérgicas en el desarrollo y la función de la retina, la disfunción de las vías de señalización de las neuronas dopaminérgicas en la retina puede causar anormalidades visuales, particularmente en la participación de la dopamina en la regulación de la respuesta de la luz


Dopamine is synthesized by tyrosine hydroxylase and is considered as a major catecholamine in the vertebrate retina, including zebrafish. However, little is known about the role of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) in retinal physiology. Therefore, to elucidate the role of DRD2 in the eye development and function in zebrafish, fish were exposed to fluphenazine, quinpirole, or combination of both. Subsequently, the eye size, optic nerve diameter (ONd), and visual background adaptation were evaluated. The results showed that fluphenazine (fluphenazine, DRD2 antagonist) decreased eye size and optic nerve diameter followed by disruption of visual function. The addition of Quinpirole (quinpirole, DRD2 agonist) reversed the effects caused by fluphenazine, implying that DRD2 is necessary for normal eye development and function in zebrafish. Considering the role of dopaminergic neurons in retinal development and function, dysfunction of dopaminergic neuron signaling pathways in the retina may cause visual abnormalities, particularly in the involvement of dopamine in regulating light response


Assuntos
Animais , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Dopamina D2/farmacologia , Olho/embriologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Oculares , Receptores de Dopamina D2/fisiologia , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Olho/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flufenazina/farmacologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Tamanho do Órgão , Quimpirol/farmacologia
8.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 95(3): 114-119, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate an accurate level of IL-8 in aqueous humor among open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients. METHODS: Meta-analysis was performed from available studies that investigated the IL-8 level in the aqueous humor of OAG patients and control subjects. RESULTS: A total of 17 studies were selected. The pooled result showed that IL-8 levels in aqueous humor of patients with OAG were higher than in control subjects (SMD=0.98, 95% CI=0.68-1.27, p<0.00001). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis indicates that patients with OAG may have a higher aqueous humor IL-8 levels compared to control subjects, which supports the notion that IL-8 is one of the contributing factors in the development of OAG.


Assuntos
Humor Aquoso/química , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Interleucina-8/análise , Humor Aquoso/metabolismo , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-8/metabolismo
9.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 95(2): 84-89, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955999

RESUMO

Dopamine is synthesized by tyrosine hydroxylase and is considered as a major catecholamine in the vertebrate retina, including zebrafish. However, little is known about the role of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) in retinal physiology. Therefore, to elucidate the role of DRD2 in the eye development and function in zebrafish, fish were exposed to fluphenazine, quinpirole, or combination of both. Subsequently, the eye size, optic nerve diameter (ONd), and visual background adaptation were evaluated. The results showed that fluphenazine (fluphenazine, DRD2 antagonist) decreased eye size and optic nerve diameter followed by disruption of visual function. The addition of Quinpirole (quinpirole, DRD2 agonist) reversed the effects caused by fluphenazine, implying that DRD2 is necessary for normal eye development and function in zebrafish. Considering the role of dopaminergic neurons in retinal development and function, dysfunction of dopaminergic neuron signaling pathways in the retina may cause visual abnormalities, particularly in the involvement of dopamine in regulating light response.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Dopamina D2/farmacologia , Olho/embriologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Oculares , Receptores de Dopamina D2/fisiologia , Animais , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Olho/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flufenazina/farmacologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Tamanho do Órgão , Quimpirol/farmacologia
11.
Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) ; 16(4): 522-523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34084248

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated that female patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) demonstrate more favorable prognosis relative to male patients. In this article, we elaborate the possible role of estrogen in the modulation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection severity. The potential interplay between several factors, including inherently lower estradiol (E2) and slightly higher estrogen receptor ß (ERß) levels in males, with inflammatory mediators are described. Altogether, there seems to be a sexually dimorphic response towards SARS-CoV-2 infection, and a possibility that COVID-19 severity is dependent on both E2 levels and ERα:ERß expression ratio in lymphoid and lung cells.

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