Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67
Filtrar
1.
J Obstet Gynaecol India ; 72(2): 160-167, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492857

RESUMO

Background: Postpartum period is associated with significant weight retention and weight gain. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a comprehensive questionnaire to assess the risk factors, facilitators, and barriers to postpartum weight management. Methodology: The development and validation were done in five major steps by applying a mixed-method study design. Items were generated through literature review, focus group discussions, and in-depth interviews, followed by the assessment of content validity, face validity, construct validity, and reliability. Result: The final questionnaire comprises 36 items which are split into five major domains assessing perceptions related to body weight, eating behaviour, physical activity, sleep pattern, and beliefs/myths associated with postpartum period. The questionnaire has a satisfactory construct validity through factor analysis (65.12) and good internal consistency and reliability with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.79. Conclusion: This is a comprehensive tool to assess the risk factors, facilitators, and barriers to postpartum weight management and will aid in developing women centric strategies to curb the problem. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13224-022-01631-0.

2.
Eur J Nutr ; 2022 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35249118

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of Bacillus coagulans Unique IS-2 supplementation on absorption and utilization of protein in resistance-trained males. METHODS: In this double blind, placebo-control trial, resistance-trained males (21.08 ± 2.84 years) were randomized to consume, either 20 g of whey protein powder {80% whey protein concentrate (WPC80), amounting to 15.4 g protein} with 2 billion CFU Bacillus coagulans Unique IS-2 (supplemental group) or 20 g of whey protein powder and lactose instead of Bacillus coagulans (placebo group) once daily for 60 days with a controlled resistance exercise protocol. The whey protein concentrate (WPC-80) given to both groups had a lactose content of 6.8%. Plasma-free amino acids (PFAAs) were determined at baseline, at 30 and 60 days of supplementation. Muscle strength, hypertrophy, VO2 max, and body composition, and other biochemical parameters were assessed at baseline and end line. RESULTS: A positive effect of probiotic Bacillus coagulans Unique IS-2 supplementation was observed on protein absorption as evidenced by an increase in total PFAA by + 16.1% (p = 0.004). Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) comprising isoleucine (p = 0.016), leucine (p = 0.001), and valine (p = 0.002) were increased by + 33.1% in ITT analysis as compared to placebo after 60 days. At 30 days an increase in isoleucine by + 35% (p = 0.113), leucine by + 43% (p = 0.032), and valine by + 32% (p = 0.017) was observed in ITT analysis. Probiotic effect was shown on exercise performance as evidenced by an increase in one RM of leg press and vertical jump power by + 16.61% (p = 0.024) and + 7.86% (p = 0.007), respectively. CONCLUSION: Significantly increased absorption of BCAA with supplementation of B. coagulans Unique IS-2 along with whey protein and improvement in leg press and vertical jump power was noted indicating the positive effect of the probiotic on muscle power in the lower body. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CTRI/2017/03/008117; Date:16.03.2017.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 85(1): 249-260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the progressive brain disorder which degenerates brain cells connection and causes memory loss. Although AD is irreversible, it is not impossible to arrest or slow down the progression of the disease. However, this would only be possible if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, and early diagnosis requires clear understanding of the pathogenesis at molecular level. Overactivity of GSK-3ß and p53 accounts for tau hyperphosphorylation and the formation of amyloid-ß plaques. OBJECTIVE: Here, we explored GSK-3ß and p53 as blood-based biomarkers for early detection of AD. METHODS: The levels of GSK-3ß, p53, and their phosphorylated states were measured using surface plasmon resonance and verified using western blot in serum from AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and geriatric-control (GC) subjects. The neurotoxic SH-SY5Y cell line was treated with antioxidant Emblica Officinalis (EO) for rescue effect. RESULTS: GSK-3ß, p53, and their phosphorylated states were significantly over expressed (p > 0.001) in AD and MCI compared to GC and can differentiate AD and MCI from GC. The expression level of GSK-3ß and p53 proteins were found to be downregulated in a dose-dependent manner after the treatment with EO in amyloid-b-induced neurotoxic cells. CONCLUSION: These proteins can serve as potential blood markers for the diagnosis of AD and EO can suppress their level. This work has translational value and clinical utility in the future.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Phyllanthus emblica/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroblastoma , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas tau/metabolismo
4.
Rheumatol Int ; 42(3): 477-484, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665296

RESUMO

To study the clinical, laboratory characteristics and outcomes of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) temporally related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a resource-limited setting. All children meeting the World Health Organization case definition of MIS-C were prospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and laboratory parameters were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Enrolled subjects were followed up for 4-6 weeks for evaluation of cardiac outcomes using echocardiography. The statistical data were analyzed using the stata-12 software. Thirty-one children with MIS-C were enrolled in an 11-month period. Twelve children had preexisting chronic systemic comorbidity. Fever was a universal finding; gastrointestinal and respiratory manifestations were noted in 70.9% and 64.3%, respectively, while 57.1% had a skin rash. Fifty-eight percent of children presented with shock, and 22.5% required mechanical ventilation. HSP like rash, gangrene and arthritis were uncommon clinical observations.The median duration of hospital stay was 9 (6.5-18.5) days: four children with preexisting comorbidities succumbed to the illness. The serum ferritin levels (ng/ml) [median (IQR)] were significantly higher in non-survivors as compared to survivors [1061 (581, 2750) vs 309.5 (140, 720.08), p value = 0.045]. Six patients had coronary artery involvement; five recovered during follow-up, while one was still admitted. Twenty-six children received immunomodulatory drugs, and five improved without immunomodulation. The choice of immunomodulation (steroids or intravenous immunoglobulin) did not affect the outcome. Most children with MIS-C present with acute hemodynamic and respiratory symptoms.The outcome is favorable in children without preexisting comorbidities.Raised ferritin level may be a poor prognostic marker. The coronary outcomes at follow-up were reassuring.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/complicações , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 27(1): 90-96, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the incidence of metabolic acidosis (MA) after renal transplantation. This single centre prospective study aimed to delineate the incidence and risk factors of MA in the first 6 months after renal transplantation (RTX). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients who underwent RTX between November 2018 and July 2020 were monitored with weekly measurement of serum bicarbonate level for 6 months and those who were diagnosed with MA were evaluated further to characterize the type of MA. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five patients were included in the study, 89 (71.2%) of whom developed MA. Seventy-two patients developed MA in the first month, 11 during the 2-3 months and 6 between 4 and 6 months after transplantation. Of the 89 patients, 55(61.8%) had type 1 renal tubular acidosis (T1RTA), 27 (30.3%) had type 2 RTA (T2RTA) and 7 (7.9%) type 4 RTA (T4RTA). Two patient who had T1RTA, subsequently developed high anion gap MA following severe graft rejection. On stepwise multivariate regression analysis, serum creatinine at time of diagnosis of MA [OR (95% CI): 12.02 (1.79 to 80.59), p = .01] and high tacrolimus C0 levels [OR (95% CI): 2.43 (1.0 to 5.90), p = .049], were independent risk factors for MA. CONCLUSION: There is a high incidence of MA in the initial 6 months post-transplant with serum creatinine and high tacrolimus C0 levels being independent risk factors.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal , Acidose , Rejeição de Enxerto , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Acidose/diagnóstico , Acidose/epidemiologia , Acidose/etiologia , Acidose Tubular Renal/diagnóstico , Acidose Tubular Renal/epidemiologia , Acidose Tubular Renal/etiologia , Adulto , Bicarbonatos/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos
6.
Sex Health ; 18(6): 512-514, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914580

RESUMO

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is diagnosed by the microbiological Nugent scoring method or clinical Amsel's criteria. Assessment of 404 vaginal samples (293 women) identified 110 (27.2%), 108 (26.7%) and 161 (39.9%) samples to be BV-positive using Nugent's method, standard Amsel's criteria and simplified Amsel's criteria respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and kappa statistic (κ) for standard and simplified Amsel's criteria were 71.8% (95% CI=62.4-80.0), 90.1% (95% CI=62.4-86.1), 0.62 (95% CI=0.53-0.72) and 88.2% (95% CI=80.6-93.6), 78.2% (95% CI=73.1-82.8), 0.58 (95% CI=0.49-0.67), respectively. A combination of vaginal pH and clue cells exhibited the highest concordance (κ=0.64, 95% CI=0.54-0.74) with Nugent's method and may be used for simplified BV diagnosis.


Assuntos
Vaginose Bacteriana , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Vagina/microbiologia , Vaginose Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Vaginose Bacteriana/microbiologia
7.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705032

RESUMO

CONTEXT.­: The histologic features in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) are evolving and histologic indicators of patients' poor prognosis are not yet fully established. OBJECTIVE.­: To evaluate the independent histologic predictors of 28-day mortality in ACLF patients on core-needle liver biopsies. DESIGN.­: Core-needle biopsies from patients with a diagnosis of ACLF (n = 152) as per the European Association for the Study of the Liver criteria were included during 8 years. Liver biopsies from 98 patients with compensated chronic liver disease were included as disease controls for histologic comparison. Features of ongoing changes, such as hepatic necrosis, hepatic apoptosis, cholestasis, hepatocyte degeneration, bile ductular proliferation, Mallory Denk bodies, steatosis, and extent of liver fibrosis, were analyzed for predicting short-term mortality (28 days). A P value of <.05 was considered significant. RESULTS.­: In our cohort of ACLF patients, the following etiologies for acute decompensation were identified: alcohol, 47 of 152 (30.9%); sepsis, 24 of 152 (15.7%); hepatotropic viruses, 20 of 152 (13.1%); drug-induced liver injury, 11 of 152 (7.2%); autoimmune flare, 9 of 152 (5.9%); mixed etiologies, 5 of 152 (3.2%); and cryptogenic, 36 of 152 (23.6%). On histologic examination, hepatic necrosis (P < .001), dense lobular inflammation (P = .03), cholestasis (P < .001), ductular reaction (P = .001), hepatocyte degeneration (P < .001), and absence of advanced fibrosis stages (P < .001) were identified significantly more in ACLF patients than in disease controls on univariate analysis. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, the absence of advanced Ishak histologic activity index fibrosis stages (P = .02) and the presence of dense lobular inflammation (P = .04) were associated with increased 28-day mortality in ACLF patients. After adjusting the clinical causes of acute decompensation, only dense lobular inflammation was found as an independent predictor of short-term mortality (P = .04) in ACLF patients. CONCLUSIONS.­: Dense lobular necroinflammatory activity is a clinically independent histologic predictor of 28-day short-term mortality in patients with ACLF.

8.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 25(4): 549-556, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338480

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study donor and recipient factors affecting cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) in oocyte donor IVF (OD- IVF) cycles. METHODS: The present retrospective study was conducted at the ART center of a tertiary care referral hospital after ethical approval, and included all OD-IVF cycles done between January 2014 - October 2019. Donor parameters included age, body mass index (BMI), ovarian reserve markers, serum estradiol (E2) on trigger day, and number of total/grade 1 oocytes; recipient parameters included age and BMI. The primary outcome was CLBR resulting from one complete donor-recipient (D-R) cycle through fresh/frozen embryo transfer. Secondary outcomes included number of total and grade 1 oocytes, fertilization rate, cleavage rate and clinical pregnancy rate (CPR). RESULTS: We analyzed 262 D-R cycles for donor characteristics and 260 cycles for CLBR. The mean age of the recipients was 35.20±4.05, and for donors it was 25.29±2.03 years. The CPR and CLBR per started cycle was 60% and 55.7%, respectively. Recipient BMI and grade 1 oocytes were found to be independent predictors of CLBR in multivariate analysis. As the number of grade 1 oocytes increased, the likelihood of live births increased by 10% (95% CI, 1.04 - 1.32, p=0.008). Recipient BMI ≥25kg/m2 reduced the chances of CLBR by 50% (95% CI, 0.27 - 0.81, p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Number of grade 1 oocytes and recipient BMI significantly affect CLBR in OD-IVF cycles. Recipients with BMI ≥25kg/m² may be advised to lose weight and improve CLBR likelihood.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Recuperação de Oócitos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Análise Multivariada , Oócitos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(5): 102238, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364299

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the dose-effect association between COVID-19 vaccination and probability of turning RT-PCR positive and to assess the correlation between disease severity and vaccination status. METHODS: A single centre cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 583 individuals presenting to COVID-19 testing clinic and 55 hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Vaccination status was assessed by the number of doses and duration since the last dose. Disease severity was evaluated by the requirement of hospitalisation and ICU admission/death. The association between the vaccination status and development of disease and its severity were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age of the population was 36.6 years and 82.6% had no comorbidities. The odds of turning RT-PCR positive was 0.17(95% CI: 0.11-0.27) among the clinical suspects who had taken both doses of the vaccine at least 14 days before (fully vaccinated). The odds of hospitalisation was 0.12(95% CI: 0.03-0.45) and ICU admission/death was 0.07(95% CI: 0.01-0.36) among fully vaccinated individuals. The protective role of vaccination was observed to start 14 days after receiving the first dose. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 vaccination provides dose-dependent protection against the development of the disease. It also lowers the risk of hospitalisation and ICU admission/death in RT-PCR positive patients in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Adulto , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Potência de Vacina , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Neurol Sci ; 428: 117583, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the health systems around the world struggled to meet the challenges of COVID-19 pandemic, care of many non-COVID emergencies was affected. AIMS: The present study examined differences in the diagnosis, evaluation and management of stroke patients during a defined period in the ongoing pandemic in 2020 when compared to a similar epoch in year 2019. METHODS: The COVID stroke study group (CSSG) India, included 18 stroke centres spread across the country. Data was collected prospectively between February and July 2020 and retrospectively for the same period in 2019. Details of demographics, stroke evaluation, treatment, in-hospital and three months outcomes were collected and compared between these two time points. RESULTS: A total of 2549 patients were seen in both study periods; 1237 patients (48.53%) in 2019 and 1312 (51.47%) in 2020. Although the overall number of stroke patients and rates of thrombolysis were comparable, a significant decline was observed in the month of April 2020, during the initial period of the pandemic and lockdown. Endovascular treatment reduced significantly and longer door to needle and CT to needle times were observed in 2020. Although mortality was higher in 2020, proportion of patients with good outcome were similar in both the study periods. CONCLUSIONS: Although stroke admissions and rates of thrombolysis were comparable, some work flow metrics were delayed, endovascular stroke treatment rates declined and mortality was higher during the pandemic study period. Reorganization of stroke treatment pathways during the pandemic has likely improved the stroke care delivery across the globe.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento
11.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3679-3687, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Expected benefits of modified ultrafiltration (MUF) include increased hematocrit, reduction of total body water and inflammatory mediators, improved left ventricular systolic function, and improved systolic blood pressure and cardiac index (CI) following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This prospective randomized trial tested this hypothesis. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients undergoing intracardiac repair of tetralogy of fallot were randomized to conventional ultrafiltration (CUF) + MUF (n = 39) or only CUF group (n = 40). The primary outcome was a change in hematocrit. Secondary outcomes were changes in peak airway pressures, ventilatory support, blood transfusions, time to peripheral rewarming, mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, inotrope score (IS), and CI. Serum inflammatory markers were measured. RESULTS: Baseline hematocrit was 50.6 ± 10.02 in the only CUF group whereas it was 43.9 ± 5.55 in the CUF + MUF group (p = .36). Following MUF, the CUF + MUF group had higher hematocrit (44.7 ± 0.50 g/dl) compared to the only CUF group (37.2 ± 0.49 g/dl), p ≤ .001 after adjusting for baseline hematocrit. Central venous pressure (mmHg) immediately following sternal closure was 9.27 ± 3.12 mmHg in the CUF + MUF group and 10.52 ± 2.2 mmHg in the only CUF group (p = .04). In the intensive care unit (ICU), they were 11.52 ± 2.20 mmHg in the only CUF group and 10.84 ± 2.78 mmHg in the CUF + MUF group (p = .02). Time to peripheral rewarming was 6.30 ± 3.91 h in the CUF + MUF group and 13.67 ± 3.91 h in the only CUF group (p = .06). Peak airway pressures in ICU were 17 ± 2 mmHg versus 20.55 ± 2.97 mmHg in CUF + MUF group & only CUF group, respectively, p < .001). Duration of mechanical ventilation was 6.3 ± 2.7 h in CUF + MUF group compared to 14.7 ± 3.5 h in the only CUF group (p = .002). IS was 11.52 ± 2.20 in the only CUF group compared to 10.84 ± 2.78 in CUF + MUFs group. Eight of 39 (20.5%) patients in the CUF + MUF group had IS > 10 compared to 22 of 40 (55%) patients in the only CUF group (p = .02). Serum Troponin-T and interleukin-6 levels were lower in the CUF + MUF group; TNF-α and CPK-MB were similar. ICU and hospital stay were similar. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing a combination of CUF and MUF had higher postoperative hematocrit, decreased duration of mechanical ventilation, lower need for inotropes and lower interleukin-6 and Troponin-T levels. This group had better postoperative outcomes. This study was registered with the Clinical trials registry of India (CTRI/2017/11/010512) before commencement.


Assuntos
Tetralogia de Fallot , Ultrafiltração , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
12.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(4): 102144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: COVID-19 is expected to have a significant impact on the socio-behavioural aspect of citizens' lives, although the effects are expected to manifest differently in different population groups. The current study was conducted to assess the socio-behavioural impact of COVID-19 among the general population across India between the first and the second wave of pandemic. METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 15th March -25th March 2021 using a pre-validated validated questionnaire upon the general population using e-survey, telephonic and face-to-face interview. The participants were recruited from the different regions of India by the purposive and snowball sampling technique following the principle of maximum diversity. Appropriate statistical tests were applied to study the association between the various sociodemographic variables and different behaviours. RESULTS: A total of 1079 responses were analysed for the study. Almost half of the participants feared contracting the COVID-19 infection. Overall, female participants, elderly people (more than 60 years of age) and urban dwellers reported a greater fear in the survey. More than half of the participants (53.39%) reported significant difficulties due to home confinement. People have become more inclined to adopt healthy lifestyles. There are mixed responses in the area of following preventive practices. CONCLUSION: People have a significant amount of fear and anxiety related to the pandemic, leading to several social and behavioural changes that might have a considerable impact on their everyday lives.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Medo/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/virologia , COVID-19/transmissão , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(3): 987-992, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The success of the COVID-19 vaccination program is dependent on people's knowledge and attitude regarding the vaccination program. Higher vaccine acceptance can be ensured by strengthening the facilitators and limiting the barriers being observed among the general population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Indexed study is a cross-sectional web-based survey using a pre-validated questionnaire to assess knowledge, barriers and facilitators of COVID-19 vaccine and vaccination programme administered on adults across India using a Google online survey platform. RESULTS: A total of 1294 responses (age: 38.02 ± 13.34 years) were collected. Most of the participants had limited knowledge regarding the eligibility of vaccines in vulnerable population groups such as people with allergies (57.89%) and immune-compromised patients (62.98%), pregnant and lactating women (41.89%) and patients with chronic illness (34.78%). Older participants (>45 years) were more willing to take the COVID-19 vaccine (p < 0.001) as they believed the vaccine is not harmful and considered it as societal responsibility. Younger participants (<45 years) and those residing in urban settings raised concerns on the availability of the vaccine and authenticity of the vaccine (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: There is a scope for improvement in people's knowledge regarding COVID-19 vaccine and the vaccination programme by addressing the barriers and facilitators which can improve the participants' turnover at vaccination centres.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Barreiras de Comunicação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Letramento em Saúde/organização & administração , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(3): 919-925, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There seems to be hesitation in the general population in accepting COVID 19 vaccine because of associated myths and/or misinformation. This study is dedicated to develop and validate a tool to interpret vaccine acceptance and/or hesitancy by assessing the knowledge, attitude, practices, and concerns regarding the COVID vaccine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mixed methods study design was used. In phase 1, the questionnaire was developed through literature review, focus group discussion, expert evaluation, and pre-testing. In phase 2, the validity of the questionnaire was obtained by conducting a cross-sectional survey on 201 participants. The construct validity was established via principal component analysis. Cronbach's alpha value was used to assess the reliability of the questionnaire. RESULTS: The 39-item questionnaire to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, and concerns regarding the COVID-19 vaccine was developed. The Cronbach's alpha value of the questionnaire was 0.86 suggesting a good internal consistency. CONCLUSION: The developed tool is valid to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices and concerns regarding the COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and/or hesitancy. It has the potential utility for healthcare workers and government authorities to further build vaccine literacy.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Letramento em Saúde/organização & administração , Letramento em Saúde/normas , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Behav Med ; 47(2): 151-160, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743071

RESUMO

The present study explores the efficacy of 12-week yoga + diet-based lifestyle intervention (YBLI) vs dietary intervention (DI) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and identifies the predictors of change in HRQoL in Indians with metabolic syndrome (Met S). Data from the historical randomized controlled trial was used including adults (n = 260, 20-45 years) with Met S. Four domains of HRQoL were measured at baseline, 2 and 12 weeks using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Generalized estimating equation and chi-square test was used to compare 12-week changes in HRQoL domains and proportion of subjects, respectively. Changes in HRQoL were predicted using regression models concerning changes in body mass index (BMI), physical activity, total calorie intake, adiponectin, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. Exploratory mediation analysis was carried out using Baron & Kenny approach. YBLI resulted in a significantly greater increase in the physical domain score of HRQoL than DI. A significantly greater proportion of subjects in YBLI group (71%) showed an increase in physical domain scores compared to DI (51%). A unit change in BMI negatively predicted a unit change in physical, psychological and environmental health. Whereas, a unit change in adiponectin and SOD levels positively predicted a unit change in physical and environmental health. Partial mediation between YBLI intervention and physical HRQoL domain was observed via adiponectin. In conclusion, a 12-week YBLI has a positive and greater effect on HRQoL physical domain score than following DI alone. Changes in BMI, adiponectin, and SOD levels may predict changes in HRQoL domains after lifestyle intervention.


Assuntos
Meditação , Síndrome Metabólica , Ioga , Adulto , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 21(1): e99-e104, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a metabolic emergency in hematology patients. The recommended dose of rasburicase for the management of TLS is 0.2 mg/kg per day for 5 days, which is cost prohibitive for many patients. We sought to determine the efficacy of single low-dose rasburicase in the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia in TLS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We planned a prospective study for the safety and efficacy of fixed (weight based) dose of rasburicase to manage TLS. Patients diagnosed with leukemia/lymphoma with laboratory or clinically confirmed TLS or presence of ≥ 2 high-risk factors and serum uric acid > 7.5 mg/dL were included. The primary endpoint was uric acid normalization (< 7.5 mg/dL) within 24 hours of rasburicase administration. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were recruited for this study. Pediatric patients (< 18 years) accounted for 43.6% of cases. Rasburicase was provided prophylactically to 43 patients (78.2%) and for treating TLS to 12 (21.8%). Mean ± standard deviation serum uric acid at baseline and 24 hours was 9.2 ± 1.8 mg/dL and 3.2 ± 2.1 mg/dL, respectively. There was significant reduction in the serum uric acid and creatinine (P < .001) within 24 hours of rasburicase administration. The response was maintained up to 72 hours. A single dose of rasburicase was effective in 94.5% of patients. Single low-dose rasburicase led to 95% direct cost savings compared to the recommended dose. CONCLUSION: Single-dose rasburicase with frequent laboratory monitoring is effective in the management of TLS and offers significant cost reductions.


Assuntos
Leucemia/complicações , Linfoma/complicações , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Lise Tumoral/tratamento farmacológico , Urato Oxidase/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Urato Oxidase/farmacologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(1): 69-75, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of getting infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and suboptimal preventive practices have been identified as an important risk factor in this regard. This study was done to evaluate the preventive practices being followed by health care workers and identify reasons for suboptimal compliance. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was done in HCWs belonging to various occupational roles and socio-cultural backgrounds across India through online platforms and telephonic interviews from July 30, 2020 to August 30, 2020. A scientifically designed and pre-validated questionnaire with good validity (CVR = 0.87, S-CVI/Av = 0.978) and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.85) was used. RESULTS: The responses of 956 participants were analysed. Various suboptimal practices like touching outer surface of masks, lack of social distancing in cafeteria and duty rooms, inability to wash hands for adequate duration and properly follow steps of hand hygiene, inability to don and doff PPE properly, carrying PPE to duty rooms before completely doffing, use of personal mobile phones during duty and improper sleep were identified. Lack of knowledge, long duty hours, shortage of PPE, high patient workload, and casual attitude regarding own safety were identified as important barriers. Resident doctors and paramedical staff in the age group 18-30 years reported lower adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Suboptimal compliance in preventive practices like handling PPE, distancing in cafeteria/duty rooms and hand hygiene is not uncommon in HCWs. Certain barriers are identified which should be addressed to ensure adequate safety of HCWs against COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Controle de Infecções/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Distanciamento Físico , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Surg Res ; 260: 10-19, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical breast examination (CBE) is an integral component of triple assessment for women presenting with symptomatic breast disease. Four common search patterns of CBE are "dial of a clock" (DC), "vertical strips" (VS), "quadrant-wise" (QW), and "concentric circles" (CC). The most sensitive search pattern of CBE has not been established. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on women with symptomatic breast disease, to measure various diagnostic performance indices of four different search patterns of CBE by a professor, a surgical resident trainee, and a trained nurse. Women were examined one at a time randomly by three examiners. Each examiner examined with four different search patterns of CBE, one method at a time. Any nodularity or lump detected was noted and the findings were compared with breast sonography, which was considered as the gold standard. Statistical analysis was done using STATA 14, SPSS 20, and OpenEpi software for diagnostic test indices. RESULTS: Sixty women (mean age = 39.6) with palpable findings of both breasts were included (n = 120). Most women presented with complaints of breast lump (70%) and mastalgia (27%). Sensitivity was highest for DC as elaborated [% (95% confidence interval)]: DC[73.2 (60-83)] > CC[66 (53-77)] > VS[62.5 (49-73)] > QW[58.9 (45-70)] for professor; DC[64.2 (51-75)] > VS[62.5 (49-73)] > CC[57.1 (44-69)] > QW[57.1 (44-69)] for resident; and DC[82.1 (70- 90)] > VS[78.5 (66-87)] > CC(75 (62-84)] > QW[73.2 (60-83)] for nurse. The minimum sonographic tumor size picked up by DC by all the examiners was 7 mm. CONCLUSIONS: The DC search pattern of CBE demonstrated the highest sensitivity for all the examiners. The trained nurse achieved the highest sensitivity among all the examiners.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Palpação/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240710, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091086

RESUMO

The 2019-Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has had a global impact. The effect of environmental temperature on transmissibility and fatality rate of COVID-19 and protective efficacy of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination towards COVID-19 remains ambiguous. Therefore, we explored the global impact of environmental temperature and neonatal BCG vaccination coverage on transmissibility and fatality rate of COVID-19. The COVID-19 data for reported cases, deaths and global temperature were collected from 31st December 2020 to 3rd April 2020 for 67 countries. Temperature data were split into quartiles for all three categories (minimum temperature, maximum temperature and mean temperature). The impact of three types of temperature data and policy of BCG vaccination on COVID-19 infection was determined by applying the multivariable two-level negative binomial regression analysis keeping daily new cases and daily mortality as outcome. The highest number of cases fell in the temperature categories as following: mean temperature in the second quartile (6°C to 10.5°C), median 26, interquartile range (IQR) 237; minimum temperature in the first quartile (-26°C to 1°C), median 23, IQR 173; maximum temperature in the second quartile (10°C to 16°C), median 27.5, IQR 219. For the minimum temperature category, 28% statistically significant lower incidence was noted for new cases from the countries falling in the second quartile (2°C to 6°C) compared with countries falling in the first quartile (-26°C to 1°C) (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57 to 0.93). However, no statistically significant difference in incidence rate was observed for mean temperature categories in comparison to the first quartile. Countries with BCG vaccination policy had 58% less mortality as compared with countries without BCG coverage (IRR 0.42; 95% CI 0.18 to 0.95). Our exploratory study provides evidence that high temperature might not be associated with low transmissibility and countries having neonatal BCG vaccination policy had a low fatality rate of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacina BCG , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Saúde Global , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Temperatura , Cobertura Vacinal , Distribuição Binomial , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estações do Ano
20.
Aging Med (Milton) ; 3(2): 125-131, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671320

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Muscle strength in older adults is usually measured according to grip strength, which demonstrates upper muscle strength only. In this study, we used one-repetition-maximum (1-RM) knee extension as a measure of lower limb strength and assessed its relationship with grip strength and various geriatric syndromes. METHODS: One hundred outpatients over the age of 65 years were recruited from a geriatric medicine center in India. The 1-RM knee extension was measured along with grip strength. Various geriatric conditions were measured, such as: nutrition (using the Mini Nutritional Assessment), cognition (Hindi Mental State Questionnaire), depression (5-item Geriatric Depression Scale), frailty (Fried and Rockwood models), and osteoporosis (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan). Sarcopenia was diagnosed using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 72.5 years with 69% of them male. Median values of 1-RM knee extension and grip strength were 2.29 (0.5-10.0) and 17.5 (0-78), respectively. The 1-RM knee extension had moderate correlation with grip strength (r = 0.491, P < 0.001). Among demographic details, only female sex (P < 0.001) was significantly associated with lower 1-RM values. Further, after adjusting for age and sex, lower value of log10 1-RM knee extension was found to be significantly associated with malnutrition (P = 0.001), dementia (P = 0.016), depression (P = 0.047), frailty (Rockwood: P = 0.049; Fried: P = 0.011), and sarcopenia (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The 1-RM knee extension has only moderate correlation with grip strength. A lower 1-RM knee extension value is significantly associated with female sex and various geriatric conditions, such as malnutrition, dementia, depression, frailty, and sarcopenia.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...