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Andrologia ; 50(2)2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28766734


The pressure pattern in varicocele veins of infertile patients and its correlation with semen quality and testicular blood flow was determined. Consecutive patients at andro-urology clinic of a teaching hospital undergoing microsurgical varicocelectomy were included. Their semen quality and testicular blood flow were determined. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) and resistive index (RI) of subcapsular and intraparenchymal branches of testicular artery were noted by colour Doppler ultrasonography. During surgery before ligation of varicocele veins, intravenous pressures of internal spermatic (ISV) and external spermatic (ESV) veins were determined at baseline and after Valsalva manoeuvre. Thirty patients, 20-45 years old, were evaluated. Baseline pressure for maximum dilated ISV (A), less dilated ISV (B) and ESV was 15.93 ± 6.34, 12.38 ± 4.60 and 12.92 ± 5.65 mm. Hg, respectively, which increased after Valsalva by 104.4%, 116.2% and 38.22% respectively. Correlation (r = -.71; p < .05) was appreciated between percentage increase in pressure of ISV B with PSV of intraparenchymal testicular arteries and progressive motility (r = -.759; p < .05), nonprogressive motility (r = -.738; p < .05) and morphology (r = -.653; p = .07) of spermatozoa. In conclusion, ISV develops higher pressure on Valsalva as compared to ESV and has correlation with semen quality and testicular blood flow.

Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Sêmen/fisiologia , Testículo/irrigação sanguínea , Varicocele/fisiopatologia , Veias/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Manobra de Valsalva , Varicocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Varicocele/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/cirurgia , Pressão Venosa , Adulto Jovem
Transplantation ; 73(7): 1090-4, 2002 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11965037


BACKGROUND: Mutations in the viral capsid protein VP-1 region are associated with increased pathogenicity of polyomavirus in experimental systems. This study sought to determine whether analogous viral genetic changes occur in human BK virus (BKV) interstitial nephritis (ISN). METHODS: PCR was used to amplify a 94-bp nucleotide sequence of the viral capsid protein VP-1 region (positions 1740-1833, Dun numbering) in 49 biopsies obtained from 24 patients with BKV-ISN. DNA sequencing was performed by the dideoxy method. RESULT: The VP-1 region was highly polymorphic and 22 "hot spots" of sequence variability were noted. Genotypes I, II, and IV were assigned to 13, 1, and 5 cases, respectively, but 5 cases could not be unambiguously classified due to sequence heterogeneity at sites used to discriminate between genotypes. Even in cases where genotypes could be assigned, only 5 biopsies showed complete sequence identity with published genotype sequences. Sequential biopsies showed temporal changes in one or more nucleotides in all patients with multiple samples. In one patient, the initial biopsy showed viral genotype 1, although subsequent biopsies showed complex genetic patterns, including a biopsy consistent with viral genotype IV. CONCLUSIONS: Many viral strains associated with BKV-ISN are difficult to classify and possibly distinct from those described in kidney transplant recipients without BKV-ISN. VP-1 sequences undergo continual modification as patients are followed in time. This genetic instability could conceivably have implications for evasion of host immunity and development of resistance to antiviral drugs.

Vírus BK/genética , Capsídeo/genética , DNA Viral/química , Nefrite Intersticial/virologia , Sequência de Bases , Biópsia , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Genótipo , Humanos