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1.
Phys Rev E ; 103(6-1): 063212, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271636

RESUMO

Microparticle suspensions in a polarity-switched discharge plasma of the Plasmakristall-4 facility on board the International Space Station exhibit string-like order. As pointed out in [Phys. Rev. Research 2, 033314 (2020)2643-156410.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033314], the string-order is subject to evolution on the timescale of minutes at constant gas pressure and constant parameters of polarity switching. We perform a detailed analysis of this evolution using the pair correlations and length spectrum of the string-like clusters (SLCs). Average exponential decay rate of the SLC length spectrum is used as a measure of string order. The analysis shows that the improvement of the string-like order is accompanied by the decrease of the thickness of the microparticle suspension, microparticle number density, and total amount of microparticles in the field of view. This suggests that the observed long-term evolution of the string-like order is caused by the redistribution of the microparticles, which significantly modifies the plasma conditions.

2.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 87(9): 093505, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27782568

RESUMO

New complex-plasma facility, Plasmakristall-4 (PK-4), has been recently commissioned on board the International Space Station. In complex plasmas, the subsystem of µm-sized microparticles immersed in low-pressure weakly ionized gas-discharge plasmas becomes strongly coupled due to the high (103-104 e) electric charge on the microparticle surface. The microparticle subsystem of complex plasmas is available for the observation at the kinetic level, which makes complex plasmas appropriate for particle-resolved modeling of classical condensed matter phenomena. The main purpose of PK-4 is the investigation of flowing complex plasmas. To generate plasma, PK-4 makes use of a classical dc discharge in a glass tube, whose polarity can be switched with the frequency of the order of 100 Hz. This frequency is high enough not to be felt by the relatively heavy microparticles. The duty cycle of the polarity switching can be also varied allowing to vary the drift velocity of the microparticles and (when necessary) to trap them. The facility is equipped with two videocameras and illumination laser for the microparticle imaging, kaleidoscopic plasma glow observation system and minispectrometer for plasma diagnostics and various microparticle manipulation devices (e.g., powerful manipulation laser). Scientific experiments are programmed in the form of scripts written with the help of specially developed C scripting language libraries. PK-4 is mainly operated from the ground (control center CADMOS in Toulouse, France) with the support of the space station crew. Data recorded during the experiments are later on delivered to the ground on the removable hard disk drives and distributed to participating scientists for the detailed analysis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23848791

RESUMO

We describe a series of experiments on dust particles' flows in a positive column of a horizontal dc discharge operating in laboratory and microgravity conditions. The main observation is that the particle flow velocities in laboratory experiments are systematically higher than in microgravity experiments for otherwise identical discharge conditions. The paper provides an explanation for this interesting and unexpected observation. The explanation is based on a physical model, which properly takes into account main plasma-particle interaction mechanisms relevant to the described experimental study. A comparison of experimentally measured particle velocities and those calculated using the proposed model demonstrates reasonable agreement, both in laboratory and microgravity conditions, in the entire range of discharge parameters investigated.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(4): 045001, 2009 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19257428

RESUMO

An attraction between negatively charged micron-sized plastic particles was observed in the bulk of a low-pressure gas-discharge plasma under microgravity conditions. This attraction had led to the formation of a boundary-free dust cluster, containing one big central particle with a radius of about 6 microm and about 30 1 microm-sized particles situated on a sphere with a radius of 190 microm and with the big particle in the center. The stability of this boundary-free dust cluster was possible due to its confinement by the plasma flux on the central dust particle.

5.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 72(1 Pt 2): 016406, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16090098

RESUMO

An experimental determination of particle charge in a bulk dc discharge plasma covering a wide range of neutral gas pressures, was recently reported [S. Ratynskaia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 085001 (2004)]. The charges obtained were several times smaller than the predictions of collisionless orbital motion limited theory. This discrepancy was attributed to the effect of ion-neutral collisions. In the present paper a more detailed description of this experiment is provided and additional experimental results obtained with particles of different sizes are reported. The measurements are compared with molecular dynamics simulations of particle charging for conditions similar to those of the experiment, with other available experimental data on particle charge in the bulk of gas discharges, and with a simple analytical model accounting for ion-neutral collisions. All the considered evidence indicates that ion-neutral collisions represent a very important factor, which significantly affects (reduces) the particle charge under typical discharge conditions.

6.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 70(4 Pt 2): 046415, 2004 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15600538

RESUMO

A method for measuring the interactions of charged dust particles within a three-dimensional dust cloud in a plasma is presented. The measurements have been performed with the help of gravity-driven heavy charged probe particles, which moved through a dust cloud levitating at the diffuse edge of an inductively coupled rf discharge plasma. Assuming a screened Coulomb potential surrounding each particle, both the particle charge and the effective screening length were calculated from an analysis of the elastic particle interactions for 20, 30, and 50 Pa of neon pressure. The basic parameters of the bulk discharge plasma have been diagnosed with a Langmuir probe to compare the experimental data with those deriving from different theoretical approaches. The observed discrepancies are discussed.

7.
Appl Opt ; 37(33): 7729-36, 1998 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18301610

RESUMO

The CO formation as a result of the CO(2) photodissociation at 230.08 nm was observed by using the two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method. The measurements were performed in a propane-air combustion product flow and in mixtures of CO(2) and O(2). The temperature dependence of the fluorescence signal caused by CO molecules, produced in the photodissociation of CO(2) molecules under the action of laser radiation at a wavelength of 230.08 nm, was measured at temperatures ranging from 1300 to 2000 K. It is shown that consideration of CO(2) photodissociation under the action of the probing radiation is necessary when one applies the two-photon LIF method for the measurement of small CO concentrations in high-temperature gas mixtures containing CO(2). As an example, a correction is given of the CO concentration profiles measured by the LIF method in the combustion product flow around a cooled metallic plate.

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