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1.
Bone ; 133: 115265, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036052

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a bone disorder characterized by an increase in bone turnover in a disorganized way with a large increase in bone resorption followed by bone formation. The most important known genetic factor predisposing to PDB is mutation in Sequestosome1 (SQSTM1) gene. We have studied the prevalence of SQSTM1 mutations and examined genotype-phenotype correlations in a Spanish cohort of PDB patients. Also, we have characterized three PDB patients that carry the c.961C>T SQSTM1 gene mutation that it is localized in exon 6 of SQSTM1 gene and it causes the p. R321C mutation. This mutation has been reported in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia but in our knowledge this is the first time that p62 p. R321C mutation is associated to PDB. We show that p62 p.R321C mutation could induce blockage of autophagy and cell proliferation through NF-kB pathway. These results reinforce the hypothesis of autophagy involvement in Paget's disease of bone.

2.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 209: 107873, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic predisposition plays an important role in the development of alcoholic pancreatitis (AP), with previous studies suggesting that genetics variants in certain genes, such asCYP2E1 and CTRC, partially explain individual susceptibility to this disease. Therefore, the aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing studies that analyzed how polymorphisms within CYP2E1 and CTRC genes influence the risk of AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of studies that analyzed the genotype distribution of CYP2E1 and CTRC allelic variants among patients with AP and a group of controls. A meta-analysis was conducted using a random effects model. Odds ratios (ORs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The T allele of theCTRC 180 C > T variant was significantly more prevalent among patients with AP compared to all controls (OR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.43-2.24; P < 0.00001) and healthy subjects (OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.46-2.31; P < 0.00001). The Trp variant of CTRC Arg254Trp polymorphism was also more prevalent in patients with AP; however, these results were not significant after excluding one study. We found no clear evidence that CYP2E1-DraI or of CYP2E1-RsaI/PstI polymorphisms modulate the risk of developing AP. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis supports that the T allele ofCTRC 180C > T polymorphisms modulates the risk of alcoholic pancreatitis. No clear evidence was found for the remaining SNPs being associated with this disease.

3.
Atherosclerosis ; 285: 17-22, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The magnitude of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in FH patients is highly variable, and this can result from genetic factors. The aim of our study was to characterize whether polymorphisms in VEGFR2 and OPG genes could influence the expression of ASCVD in FH patients. METHODS: We studied 318 FH patients from the SAFEHEART registry, without clinical diagnosis of ASCVD. A coronary tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed to determine and evaluate the presence of coronary stenosis and coronary artery calcium, as measured by coronary calcium score (CCS). Genotyping of OPG rs2073618 and VEGFR2 rs2071559 polymorphisms was performed using TaqMan 5'-exonuclease allelic discrimination assays. RESULTS: Homozygous GG genotype and G allele of VEGFR2 rs2071559 polymorphism were associated with decreased risk of developing coronary artery stenosis. In the analysis of OPG rs2073618 and VEGFR2 rs2071559 polymorphisms, according to the presence of coronary artery calcium, we found significant differences in both polymorphisms. Homozygous GG genotype and G allele of VEGFR2 rs2071559 polymorphism were associated with decreased risk of accumulation of coronary artery calcium measured by CCS in CTA. Moreover, being a carrier of the GG genotype and G allele of the OPG rs2073618 polymorphism increased the risk of the presence of coronary artery calcium measured by CCS in CTA. CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphisms in VEGFR2 and OPG genes modify the risk of ASCVD in FH patients.

4.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(8): 13115-13120, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883882

RESUMO

Cardiovascular risk increases in women after menopause. Unfavorable lipid-lipoprotein changes due to a lack of estrogens may have an important role in this context. Estrogen actions are mainly mediated by their binding to two estrogen receptors (ERs) whose signaling may be conditioned by different factors. Calcium, vitamin D, and genistein, among others, cause a beneficial effect on serum lipid profile by its modulation. Some genetic factors can also determine this signal. We determined the possible additive effect of genistein on calcium and vitamin D supplementation regarding serum lipid profile changes and whether ER polymorphisms may mediate in this effect. We performed a prospective, double blind study in which women were randomized in two groups: one group received calcium and vitamin D and the other group received calcium, vitamin D and genistein. Subsequently, we studied rs9340799, rs928554, and rs4986938 ER polymorphisms in both groups. Our results showed that being a carrier of the variant allele G of rs928554 polymorphism was associated with a greater decrease in triglyceride levels and that the homozygous AA genotype of rs9340799 polymorphism was associated with a greater decrease in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels after calcium, vitamin D, and genistein supplementation. This is the first report showing an association between polymorphisms in ER genes and an improvement of the serum lipid profile after taking calcium, vitamin D, and genistein supplementation in postmenopausal women. It reinforces the hypothesis that genetic factors are crucial in ER signalling.

5.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213624, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845235

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several researchers have suggested that the rs243865 (16q13-q21) polymorphism in the promoter region of the metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) gene could be associated with an increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, previous results remain inconclusive. To clarify this controversy, we conducted a meta-analysis of the relationship between rs243865 of MMP-2 and AMD. METHODS: We included 6 independent case-control studies involving 1,682 AMD patients and 2,295 healthy subjects. The association between the rs243865 polymorphism and AMD was examined by the overall odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). We used a recessive genetic model analysis, sensitivity analysis, and assessment of bias in our meta-analysis. RESULTS: Our results showed that there was no significant association between the variant T allele (p-value = 0.10, OR [95%CI] = 0.95 [0.82-1.10]) or the CT+TT genotype (p-value = 0.16, OR [95%CI] = 0.92 [0.76-1.12]) of rs243865 MMP-2 polymorphism and the presence of AMD. CONCLUSIONS: The rs243865 MMP-2 polymorphism was not associated with an increased risk of developing AMD. The MMP-2 (-1306 C>T) promoter variant is unlikely to have a major role in AMD risk susceptibility.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Genes Recessivos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Genéticos , Razão de Chances , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Int J Med Sci ; 15(11): 1210-1216, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123059

RESUMO

Paget´s disease of bone (PDB) is characterized by increased bone resorption followed by an excessive compensatory bone formation, with an abnormal bone structure with altered mechanical properties. Pagetic bone also has a higher vascularization and marrow fibrosis. Despite of pagetic bone being a highly vascularized tissue, there are no studies on the plasma levels of angiogenic mediators in the different states of the disease; moreover, the effect of PDB treatment on plasma levels of these angiogenic mediators is not very well known. The aim of this study was to analyse plasma levels of cytokines implicated in the increased bone turnover (OPG, RANKL, sclerostin) and hypervascularization (VEGF, PGF, ENG) observed in PDB and their evolution and response to zoledronic acid treatment in 70 PDB patients, 29 with an active disease measured by plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Plasma ALP concentration was higher in active PDB than in inactive PDB patients, whereas there were no differences in OPG, RANKL, sclerostin, VEGF, PGF and ENG plasma levels between active and inactive PDB patients. ALP decreased at 3 and 12 months after zoledronic acid treatment. RANKL levels were reduced and sclerostin levels were increased after 12 months of treatment. PGF levels were lower 12 months after zoledronic acid treatment, whereas there were no differences in plasma VEGF and ENG after zoledronic acid treatment. Summarizing, zoledronic acid treatment is associated to decreases in plasma levels of ALP, RANKL, sclerostin and P1GF in active PDB patients. This treatment may reduce bone turnover and might reduce the pathological vascularisation typical of pagetic bone.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Remodelação Óssea , Neovascularização Patológica , Osteíte Deformante/metabolismo , Ácido Zoledrônico/farmacologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteíte Deformante/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoprotegerina , Ligante RANK , Espanha
8.
Bone ; 112: 19-23, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630930

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a chronic bone metabolic disorder. Currently, PDB is the second most frequent bone disorder. PDB is a focal disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally but the cause of which is unknown. It has been hypothesised that somatic mutations could be responsible for the mosaicism described in PDB patients. Therefore, our hypothesis is that defective response to DNA damage may lead to somatic mutations favouring an increased risk of PDB. So that we have analysed polymorphisms in DNA repair genes involved in the BER, NER and DSBR pathways in order to evaluate the role of these variants in modulating PDB risk. We found statistically significant differences in genotypic and allelic distribution for polymorphisms in genes implicated in the BER pathway. Our results showed that carrying the allele T of XRCC1 rs1799782 polymorphism and the allele G of APEX rs1130409 polymorphism increased the risk of developing PDB. These polymorphisms could cause a lower DNA repair efficiency and this might lead to local somatic mutations favouring bone metabolic alterations characteristic of PDB. This is the first report showing an association between polymorphism in genes implicated in the BER pathway with PDB.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/genética , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Osteíte Deformante/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteína 1 Complementadora Cruzada de Reparo de Raio-X/genética , Idoso , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(3): 378-385, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify genetic determinants of susceptibility to clinical vertebral fractures, which is an important complication of osteoporosis. METHODS: Here we conduct a genome-wide association study in 1553 postmenopausal women with clinical vertebral fractures and 4340 controls, with a two-stage replication involving 1028 cases and 3762 controls. Potentially causal variants were identified using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data from transiliac bone biopsies and bioinformatic studies. RESULTS: A locus tagged by rs10190845 was identified on chromosome 2q13, which was significantly associated with clinical vertebral fracture (P=1.04×10-9) with a large effect size (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.6). Bioinformatic analysis of this locus identified several potentially functional SNPs that are associated with expression of the positional candidate genes TTL (tubulin tyrosine ligase) and SLC20A1 (solute carrier family 20 member 1). Three other suggestive loci were identified on chromosomes 1p31, 11q12 and 15q11. All these loci were novel and had not previously been associated with bone mineral density or clinical fractures. CONCLUSION: We have identified a novel genetic variant that is associated with clinical vertebral fractures by mechanisms that are independent of BMD. Further studies are now in progress to validate this association and evaluate the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Fraturas por Osteoporose/genética , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pós-Menopausa , Locos de Características Quantitativas
10.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 101(2): 141-147, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28361207

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a common skeletal disorder characterised by focal abnormalities of increased and disorganised bone turnover. Genetic factors play a central role in the pathogenesis of PDB but environmental factors also contribute. Measles virus (MV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and canine distemper virus (CDV) have all been implicated as potential disease triggers but the data are conflicting. Since chronic paramyxovirus infection with measles is known to be accompanied by increased production of antiviral antibodies, we have analysed circulating concentrations of antibodies to MV, CDV, and RSV as well as mumps, rubella and varicella zoster virus (VZV) in 463 patients with PDB and 220 aged and gender-matched controls. We also studied the relation between viral antibody concentrations and various markers of disease severity and extent in 460 PDB patients. A high proportion of cases and controls tested positive for antiviral antibodies but there was no significant difference in circulating antibody concentrations between PDB cases and controls for MV, CDV, RSV, rubella or VZV. However, mumps virus antibody levels were significantly higher in the PDB cases (mean ± SD = 3.1 ± 0.84 vs. 2.62 ± 0.86. p < 0.001). There was no association between disease severity and circulating antibody concentrations to any of the viruses. In conclusion, we found no evidence to suggest that PDB is associated with abnormalities of immune response to measles or other paramyxoviruses, although there was evidence of a greater antibody response to mumps. The results do not support that hypothesis that PDB is associated with a persistent infection with measles or other paramyxoviruses.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Osso e Ossos/virologia , Osteíte Deformante/virologia , Paramyxovirinae , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte Deformante/diagnóstico , Osteíte Deformante/imunologia , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteoclastos/virologia
12.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 20(6): 335-7, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27172236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a focal bone disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally. The disease affects osteoclasts which increase in size, number, and activity. One of the etiopathogenic hypotheses is that the disease is genetic. It has been reported that Rho GEF Vav3 is an essential factor in the regulation of osteoclast function, and alteration of the VAV3 gene could influence the development of the disease. The aim of our study was to perform an association study between variants of the VAV3 gene and the risk of developing Paget's disease of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The genotypic and allelic distribution of the VAV3 c.892A>T/p.T298S (rs7528153) polymorphism was compared between a cohort of 238 Spanish subjects with PDB and a cohort of 253 healthy subjects. RESULTS: Our results indicated that individuals carrying the VAV3 rs7528153 TT genotype were at a significantly increased risk of developing PDB (p < 0.001, odds ratio [OR] = 3.15, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.77-5.61). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that inheriting the VAV3 rs7528153 polymorphism is a likely susceptibility factor for developing Paget's disease of bone.


Assuntos
Osteíte Deformante/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/genética , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte Deformante/metabolismo , Osteíte Deformante/patologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/metabolismo
13.
PLoS One ; 10(6): e0128984, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26030385

RESUMO

Paget disease of bone (PDB) is a focal bone disorder affecting the skeleton segmentally. The main alteration resides in osteoclasts that increase in size, number and activity. Many osteoclasts have cytoplasmic inclusions that have been associated with protein aggregates, increasing the evidences of a possible deregulation of autophagy in the development of the PDB. Autophagy starts with encapsulation of the target into a double-membrane-bound structure called an "autophagosome." It has been reported that at least 18 ATG genes (autophagy-related genes) are involved in autophagosome formation. We have studied the distribution of genotypes of the ATG2B rs3759601, ATG16L1 rs2241880, ATG10 rs1864183 and ATG5 rs2245214 polymorphisms in a Spanish cohort of subjects with PDB and compared with healthy subjects. Our results show that being a carrier of the C allele of the ATG16L1 rs2241880 and the G allele of ATG5 rs2245214 polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of developing PDB, whereas being a carrier of the T allele of ATG10 rs1864183 polymorphism decreased the risk of suffering the disease in our series. This is the first report that shows an association between autophagy and Paget Disease of Bone and requires further confirmation in other series.


Assuntos
Autofagia/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etiologia , Osteíte Deformante/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte Deformante/etiologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Risco
14.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 11(2): 108-111, mar.-abr. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-133346

RESUMO

El síndrome SAPHO (sinovitis, acné, pustulosis, hiperostosis y osteítis) comprende un conjunto de manifestaciones cutáneo-osteoarticulares. Se han descrito algunas complicaciones graves que pueden aparecer durante la evolución de la enfermedad, como la trombosis venosa, principalmente en pacientes que desarrollan afectación inflamatoria grave de la pared torácica anterior. El objetivo de la presente revisión fue analizar los casos descritos en la literatura médica relacionados con la presencia de complicaciones trombóticas en pacientes diagnosticados de síndrome SAPHO e intentar establecer los probables factores de riesgo y su posible mecanismo patogénico. Se analizaron 11 artículos publicados de casos clínicos aislados o series de casos, con un total de 144 pacientes, que describen en total 15 casos de trombosis venosa. Se exponen las características clínicas de estos pacientes, se evalúa si cumplen los criterios de clasificación ASAS para espondiloatritis axial y periférica, y se resalta la necesidad de realizar un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoces (AU)


SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) syndrome is a cluster of osteo-cutaneous manifestations that can lead to serious complications such as thrombosis of the subclavian vein or superior vena cava, mainly in patients with significant inflammatory involvement of the anterior-chest-wall. The objective of this study was to review the cases published in the medical literature related with the presence of thrombotic complications in patients diagnosed with SAPHO syndrome and to try to determine their possible pathogenic mechanism and risk factors. We analyzed 11 published reports of isolated clinical cases or case series, a total of 144 patients, which described a total of 15 cases of venous thrombosis. The clinical characteristics of these patients, evaluated to determine whether they meet the ASAS criteria for axial and peripheral spondyloarthritis, is analyzed the need for early diagnosis and treatment is highlighted (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Trombose Venosa , Diagnóstico Precoce , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida , Veia Subclávia/patologia , Veia Subclávia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão , Cintilografia/métodos
15.
Reumatol Clin ; 11(2): 108-11, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25441492

RESUMO

SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) syndrome is a cluster of osteo-cutaneous manifestations that can lead to serious complications such as thrombosis of the subclavian vein or superior vena cava, mainly in patients with significant inflammatory involvement of the anterior-chest-wall. The objective of this study was to review the cases published in the medical literature related with the presence of thrombotic complications in patients diagnosed with SAPHO syndrome and to try to determine their possible pathogenic mechanism and risk factors. We analyzed 11 published reports of isolated clinical cases or case series, a total of 144 patients, which described a total of 15 cases of venous thrombosis. The clinical characteristics of these patients, evaluated to determine whether they meet the ASAS criteria for axial and peripheral spondyloarthritis, is analyzed the need for early diagnosis and treatment is highlighted.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/complicações , Veia Subclávia , Veia Cava Superior , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
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