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1.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 102189, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (pRNFLT) in patients with microvascular angina (MA), coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) and healthy controls. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with MA, 35 consecutive patients with CSFP and 40 age and sex-matched controls were enrolled. SFCT, average pRNFLT and four quadrants of pRNFLT were measured by spectral domain- optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). RESULTS: The mean SCFT in patients with CSFP (267.57 ± 30.61 µm) was significantly thinner than those of patients with MA (288.84 ± 28.25 µm) and control (291.21 ± 31.75 µm) (p = 0.002) while SFCT of patients with MA were similar with those of controls. Patients with CSFP had thinner superior and inferior pRNFLT compared to patients with MA and controls (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively) while there were no significant differences in average pRNFLT, nasal and temporal quadrant of pRNFLTs among three groups. In the multivariate linear regression analyses, the presence of CSFP was found negatively correlated with SFCT and superior pRNFLT. CONCLUSION: Patients with CSFP had thinner SFCT, superior and inferior quadrants of pRNFLT proposing the presence of a generalized endothelial dysfunction and increased microvascular resistance in these patients.

2.
Herz ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the predictors of adequate intraprocedural premature ventricular complex (PVC) frequency for successful mapping and ablation of idiopathic PVCs. METHODS: A total of 101 consecutive patients (45 men; age: 47.9 ± 14.2 years) who had undergone idiopathic PVC ablation between 01 November 2018 and 24 June 2020 constituted our study population. Clinical and demographic data, procedural details and 24 h rhythm recordings that had been recorded before the procedure were retrospectively evaluated. Total PVC burden and diurnal variability assessed by the ratio of night time (22:00-06:00) over day time (06:00-22:00) PVC burden was calculated. The relationship between hourly PVC number and heart rate was also evaluated for each patient. Clinical characteristics and Holter parameters were compared between groups with and without adequate intraprocedural frequency of PVCs that permitted activation mapping. RESULTS: In all, 27 patients (26.7%) had infrequent intraprocedural PVCs which necessitated isoproterenol infusion or cancellation of ablation procedure due to inability of activation mapping. PVC burden was significantly higher in the group with frequent intraprocedural PVCs (26.1 ± 9.4% vs 21.2 ± 10.3%; p: 0.026). There were no significant differences between groups regarding the relationship between hourly PVC number and heart rate or the ratio of night/day PVC burden. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed the 24 h Holter PVC burden as the sole parameter that is significant predictor of frequent intraprocedural PVCs permitting activation mapping. CONCLUSION: The 24 h PVC burden was the only predictor of adequate intraprocedural PVC frequency permitting activation mapping during idiopathic PVC ablation.

4.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-7, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients and medical staff expose to significant radiation during electro-physiological (EP) procedures. There are few data regarding the leading factors of longer fluoroscopy time and higher scattered radiation in a laboratory giving EP training during those interventions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients' recordings that underwent EP procedure in a single centre arrhythmia unit from February 2019 to January 2020 were examined. Prospectively collected data regarding procedure duration, fluoroscopy time and total air kerma, demographic characteristics of the patients, type of procedure, success of ablation and the use of electro anatomic mapping were retrospectively evaluated. Predictors of total air kerma were analysed with linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Study population consisted of 437 patients with a median age of 47 (39-56); 184 (42.1%) were male. Median fluoroscopy time was 768 (420-1320) seconds and median cumulative air kerma was 369 (191-750) mGy. Fluoroscopy time and cumulative air kerma were significantly lower in diagnostic EP studies compared to other procedures. There was no difference in terms of total air kerma between the procedures other than the diagnostic EP study. In multivariable linear regression analysis; body surface area, fluoroscopy time, not using the electro-anatomical mapping, unsuccessful ablation and atrial flutter ablation were predictors of total air kerma in EP studies performed by trainees. CONCLUSION: Scattered radiation during EP procedures performed by in-training operators is related with some factors. Awareness about those may help to effort reducing the harmful effect of ionising radiation.

5.
Herz ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The growing problem of endocardial lead infections and lead malfunctions has increased interest in percutaneous lead-removal technology. Transvenous lead extraction (TLE) via simple manual traction (SMT) is the first-line therapy. When SMT is not successful, TLE from the femoral vein using a gooseneck snare (GS) with a radiofrequency ablation catheter (RFAC) may be an alternative option. The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rate of transvenous extraction of chronically implanted leads via the femoral approach using a GS with RFCA in cases of failure with SMT. METHODS: The study included 94 consecutive patients who were referred for lead extraction due to pocket erosion and infection (71 patients) and to lead malfunction (23 patients). Initially, SMT was attempted for all patients. If SMT was not successful, patients underwent TLE using a GS with RFAC. RESULTS: Leads were extracted successfully with SMT in 34 patients (54 leads), while 60 patients (83 leads) underwent TLE using a GS with RFAC. The mean indwelling time of the leads was longer in the femoral approach with GS (87.5 ± 37.9 vs. 31.3 ± 25.8 months; p < 0.001). The procedural success rate was 96.7% in the femoral approach with GS. A preceding implantation lead duration of >51 months predicted an unsuccessful SMT necessitating alternative TLE using a GS with RFAC with 86% sensitivity and 78% specificity (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Transvenous lead extraction via the femoral approach using GS with RFAC may be an alternative approach to SMT with a high success rate, especially when the indwelling time of the leads is long.

6.
Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol ; 17(3): 117-122, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014085

RESUMO

Aim: We investigated the association of intermediate QRS prolongation with the long-term all-cause mortality in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery patients with a narrow QRS complex in the preoperative electrocardiography (ECG). Material and methods: A total of 221 consecutive patients with narrow QRS (< 120 ms) sinus rhythm who underwent CABG surgery were included in the study. The patients were followed up for 9.2 years postoperatively in terms of mortality outcomes. Results: Follow-up data were obtained from 211 (173 men, 38 women) of 221 patients. Death occurred in 57 of them. We examined patients in the two groups according to survival outcomes. In multivariate COX regression analysis EuroSCORE (OR = 1.342, 95% CI: 1.167-1.544, p < 0.001), extent of coronary artery disease (OR = 1.768, 95% CI: 1.034-3.020, p = 0.037), QRS duration (OR = 1.029, 95% CI: 1.002-1.058, p = 0.035) and fasting glucose levels (OR = 0.992, 95% CI: 0.984-0.999, p = 0.029) were independent predictors of all-cause mortality. QRS duration > 89.5 ms determined all-cause mortality with a sensitivity of 73.7% and a specificity of 52% (OR = 2.07) due to ROC analysis. All-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with preop QRS duration > 90 ms from the first year (c2 = 6.724, p = 0.010). Conclusions: In CABG patients with a narrow QRS complex, preoperative intermediate prolonged QRS is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in long-term follow-up.

7.
Angiology ; : 3319720954084, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911951

RESUMO

Aortic dilatation due to inflammation may lead to an increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. We investigated the possible relationship between CRP-to-albumin ratio (CAR) and presence and progression of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The study included 150 patients previously diagnosed with AAA (diameter 40-54 mm) and 100 normal controls. Clinical and laboratory parameters and maximal cross-sectional AAA diameters (measured by computed tomography angiography) were obtained from all participants at baseline assessment as well as after 1 year for those with an AAA. The patients with AAA had significantly higher serum CAR compared with controls at baseline (P < .001). Increased serum CAR was found to be an independent predictor of the presence of AAA (odds ratio: 3.162, 95% CI: 1.690-5.126, P = .001) after multivariate logistic regression analysis. There was a significant increase in aortic diameter and CAR after 1 year in the patients with AAA (P < .001; P = .003); a significant correlation was found between changes in the diameter of AAAs and CAR (r = 0.414; P = .005). Serum CAR may be useful as an inflammatory biomarker for the presence and progression of AAA.

8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105155, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is not a widely accepted optimal rate of stent opening in patients underwent carotid artery stenting. In this study we evaluated the effect of carotid stent opening rate (CSOR) without performing post-dilation on in-hospital and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A total of 825 patient patients underwent carotid artery stenting without post-dilation enrolled to the study. The patients divided into two groups according to their final CSOR (50% ≤ Post-stent deployment (SD) <80% and 80% ≤ Post-SD ≤ 100%). In-hospital and 3-year outcomes were compared between the groups. RESULTS: During hospitalization, the rate of ipsilateral stroke, major stroke and transient ischemic attacks were similar between the groups (respectively; 6.2% vs. 4.1, P = 0.190; 1.5% vs. 1.8, P = 0.811; 1.5% vs. 1.9%, P = 0.683). The 3-year Kaplan-Meier overall survival rates for the first and second groups were 87.6% and 84.4%, respectively (log rank test P = 0.426). The 3-year Kaplan-Meier overall cumulative ipsilateral stroke rates for the first and second groups were 88.0% and 88.6%, respectively (log rank test P = 0.409) CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that a CSOR higher than 50% without performing a post-dilation might be an effective therapeutic approach since there was not a significant difference regarding outcomes between the patients with a 50% ≤ Post-SD <80% and 80% ≤ Post-SD ≤ 100%. The need for post-stent balloon dilation might have been eliminated due to subsequent stent self-expansion.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 48(5): 539-544, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633263

RESUMO

Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is a life-threatening valve dysfunction. In asymptomatic cases, as well as certain symptomatic patients with PVT, the results of the first-line imaging tool, transthoracic echocardiography, may be inconclusive in terms of illustrating the thrombus, which is necessary in order to select the proper treatment option. Hence, a differential diagnosis based on clinical presentation may be challenging, and multimodality imaging, including echocardiography, cine fluoroscopy, and cardiac computed tomography, is usually required to distinguish between PVT and other prosthesis-related pathologies, such as pannus, vegetation, and prosthesis-patient mismatch.

10.
J Electrocardiol ; 61: 71-76, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Data is scarce regarding the relation between P wave indices and new onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) after trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). AIMS: The present study aimed to find out certain characteristics of P wave that may predict NOAF after TAVR procedure. METHOD: Patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis who had undergone TAVR procedure between 2013 and 2019 in two centers were investigated. P wave abnormalities that have been resumed to reflect impaired atrial conduction; partial and advanced inter atrial block (IAB), P-wave terminal force in lead V1, P wave dispersion, reduced amplitude of P- wave in lead I, P wave peak time in D2 and V1 were evaluated on pre- procedural 12 derivation surface electrocardiography (ECG). The relationship between these parameters and incidence of NOAF during index hospitalization was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 227 consecutive patients (median age 79 [74-83]; 134 [59%] female) were included in the study. NOAF occurred in 46 (20.3%) patients. P wave duration, P wave dispersion, number of patients with partial and advanced IAB, left atrium diameter, STS score were higher in NOAF patients. Use of general anesthesia and history of prior open heart surgery were also more frequent in NOAF group. In multivariable logistic regression analysis; advanced IAB (OR 6.413 [2.555-16.095] p < 0.01), P wave dispersion (OR 3.544 [1.431-8.780] p = 0.006) and use of general anesthesia (OR 2.736 [1.225-6.109] p = 0.014) were independent predictors of NOAF. CONCLUSION: Among P wave abnormalities evaluated on pre-procedural 12-derivation surface ECG, advanced IAB and P wave dispersion may predict NOAF after TAVR procedure.

11.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-5, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406298

RESUMO

Background: There is limited data regarding the effect of idiopathic premature ventricular complexes (PVC) on myocardial repolarisation. Most of PVC's originate from right and left ventricular outflow tracts (RVOT and LVOT).Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the acute effect of outflow tract PVC ablation on electrocardiographic repolarisation markers.Methods: A total of 180 patients (49.2 ± 13.6 years, 74 male) without any exclusion criteria who had undergone outflow tract PVC ablation between 1 January 2015 and 1 November 2018 constituted our study population. Electrocardiographic recordings that had been obtained before and after ablation procedure on the same day were retrospectively evaluated for the QTc dispersion, Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT ratio and Tp-e/QTc ratio. Significance of difference between pre- and postablation values was tested.Results: There was no significant difference regarding QTc dispersion between pre- and post-ablation state (36.5 ± 20.9 vs. 35.3 ± 16.4 ms, p: NS). However, Tp-e and Tp-e/QT values in all lateral precordial derivations were observed to decrease significantly after PVC ablation (in the respective order on derivation V5: 104.0 ± 21.6 ms vs. 91.1 ± 14.8 ms, p<.001 and 0.26 ± 0.05 vs. 0.23 ± 0.04, p<.001).Conclusions: Based on these observations, it may be suggested that frequent outflow tract PVC's increase transmural dispersion of repolarisation and this effect is attenuated by catheter ablation in the acute phase. Results of further prospective studies are required for evaluation of the long term effects of PVC ablation on myocardial repolarisation.

12.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-6, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284019

RESUMO

Background: The aim of present study is to evaluate the predictive value of QTc dispersion, Tp-Te interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio for idiopathic monomorphic outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (VT) occurrence in patients with frequent idiopathic outflow tract premature ventricular complexes (PVCs).Methods: A total of 180 patients (49.2 ± 13.6 years, 74 male) who had undergone outflow tract PVC ablation between 01 January 2015 and 01 November 2018 constituted our study population. Patients with isolated outflow tract PVC without any VT recording on Holter recordings and without any inducible VT at EPS were classified as isolated PVC group. Patients with any episode of VT that has the same morphology with outflow tract PVC were classified as nonsustained or sustained VT groups based on the duration of VT episode. QTc dispersion, Tp-Te and Tp-Te/QT ratio values were calculated and compared between groups.Results: There were 116 patients with isolated PVC, 35 patients with nonsustained VT and 29 patients with sustained VT. QTc dispersion, Tp-Te and Tp-Te/QT ratio values were significantly lower in patients with isolated PVC compared to patients with nonsustained or sustained VT episodes. Tpeak to Tend interval greater than 110.5 msec on derivation V6 predicted VT occurrence with 93.8% sensitivity and 82.8% specificity. Tpeak to Tend/QT interval greater than 0.27 on derivation V6 predicted VT occurrence with 93.8% sensitivity and 0.81% specificity.Conclusion: Tp-Te interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio on derivation V6 may aid in prediction of presence of outflow tract VT in clinical practice.

13.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 36(2): 111-117, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201461

RESUMO

Background: Endothelial cell-specific molecule 1 (ESM-1 or endocan) is an immunoinflammatory marker strongly associated with inflammation, vascular endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We explored the relationship between serum endocan concentrations and coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods: Fifty consecutive patients with ISR and 50 control subjects were included in this study. Clinical data and angiographic characteristics were collected. Serum endocan concentrations were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: All included patients were divided into four quartiles based on their concentrations of endocan: quartile 1 (0.62-1.31 ng/mL), quartile 2 (1.33-1.74 ng/mL), quartile 3 (1.75-2.77 ng/mL) and quartile 4 (2.78-4.24 ng/mL). The rates of ISR were 16%, 24%, 68%, and 92%, respectively. The patients in quartile 4 had significantly higher rates of ISR than the other groups (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis indicated that endocan concentration [odds ratio = 8.65, 95% confidence interval 3.56-20.94; p < 0.001] was an independent predictor of ISR. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to explore the relationship between endocan and ISR. Using a cutoff value of 1.625 ng/mL, endocan predicted ISR with a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 78%. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that plasma endocan levels may be a novel biomarker of endothelial dysfunction in patients with ISR.

14.
J Electrocardiol ; 59: 93-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035356

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: ST segment elevation (STE) in the standard 12­lead surface electrocardiography (ECG) is a well-known finding in patients with metastatic cardiac tumors. It is important to identify the specific characteristics of STE among those patients to prevent unnecessary aggressive treatments. In the present study, we aimed to demonstrate the ECG characteristics of patients with metastatic cardiac tumors who has STE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical literature was searched from Pubmed database with key words "metastatic cardiac tumors" or "cardiac tumors" and "ST segment elevation" or "ST elevation". In addition, remaining articles were explored using the references of case reports which were obtained during former screening (snowball procedure). RESULTS: Thirty six of 46 case reports were included and ECG characteristics of each case were evaluated. Convex- shaped STE was observed in all patients and it showed a specific coronary territory in 35 of 36 patients (97.2%). Pathologic Q wave and/or loss of R wave progression were observed in only one patient. T wave inversion following STE was detected in 34 patients (94.4%). STE evolution was absent in 32 of 36 patients while the information regarding STE evolution were not provided in the remaining cases. CONCLUSION: STE due to tumor invasion has certain characteristics which could help clinicians in the differential diagnosis.

15.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; 25(2): e12702, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542896

RESUMO

AIM: Current literature lacks a definitive threshold of idiopathic premature ventricular complex (PVC) burden for predicting cardiomyopathy (CMP). The main objective of the present study was to evaluate relationship between the PVC burden and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHOD: This multicenter, cross-sectional study included 341 consecutive patients with more than 1,000 idiopathic PVC in 24 hr of Holter monitoring admitted to the cardiology clinics between January 2019 and May 2019 in the nineteen different centers. The primary outcome was the LVEF measured during the echocardiographic examination. RESULT: Overall, the median age was 50 (38-60) and 139 (49.4%) were female. Percentage of median PVC burden was 9% (IQR: 4%-17.4%). Median LVEF was found 60% (55-65). We used proportional odds logistic regression method to examine the relationship between continuous LVEF and candidate predictors. Increase in PVC burden (%) (regression coefficient (RE) -0.644 and 95% CI -1.063, -0.225, p < .001), PVC QRS duration (RE-0.191 and 95% CI -0.529, 0.148, p = .049), and age (RE-0.249 and 95% CI -0.442, -0.056, p = .018) were associated with decrease in LVEF. This inverse relationship between the PVC burden and LVEF become more prominent when PVC burden was above 5%. A nomogram developed to estimate the individual risk for decrease in LVEF. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that increase in PVC burden %, age, and PVC QRS duration were independently associated with decrease in LVEF in patients with idiopathic PVC. Also, inverse relationship between PVC burden and LVEF was observed in lower PVC burden than previously known.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat reflects abdominal visceral adiposity and visceral fat plays an important role in the development of an unfavorable metabolic and atherosclerosis risk profile. Intracoronary thrombus burden is an important factor affecting the success of the procedure particularly in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, determining the factors predicting thrombus burden has great importance in predicting adverse cardiovascular events as well as determining the most appropriate treatment strategy to prevent failure in PCI. AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between Epicardial adipose thickness (EAT) and thrombus burden in the patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who undergo primary PCI (pPCI). METHODS: The study was prospective and included patients (n=156) who were referred to Kosuyolu Research and Education hospital with STEMI between 2016 and 2017. Thrombus burden was scored as follows: 0 (no thrombus), 1 (possible thrombus), 2 (definite thrombus <0.5xreference vessel diameter), 3 (definite thrombus 0.5-2xreference vessel diameter), 4 (definite thrombus >2xreference vessel diameter), and 5 (complete vessel occlusion). According to thrombus grade the patients were grouped as low thrombus burden (grades 0-3) and high thrombus burden (grades 4 and 5). EAT, identified as an echo-free space between the myocardium and visceral pericardium, was measured perpendicularly, on the free wall of the right ventricle at both parasternal long- and short-axis views at end-diastole in three cardiac cycles. RESULTS: Fifty-one subjects were in the low thrombus burden group and 105 in the high thrombus burden group. There were no differences in the two groups for LVEF, smoking status, family history of coronary artery disease (CAD), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), and hypercholesterolemia and for total cholesterol, triglyceride, GFR, LDL-C and HDL-C. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the EAT (odds ratio: 2.53, 95% CI: 1.76-3.67; p < .001) was found as an independent predictor of high thrombus burden. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that EAT was an independent predictor of coronary thrombus burden in STEMI.

17.
Herz ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In addition to the genetic complexity of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), there must be other disease-modifying factors that contribute to its highly variable clinical and phenotypic expression. The authors aimed to investigate serum thiol/disulphide homeostasis as a proxy for oxidative stress using a novel automated assay in patients with HCM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 119 patients with HCM and 52 without HCM. The methods used to measure dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis as calorimetric and duplex quantities were developed in 2014. RESULTS: Median serum native thiol levels were significantly lower in patients with HCM than in those without (312.5 µmol/L [285-370 µmol/L] vs 421 µmol/L [349-469.5 µmol/L]; p < 0.001). Serum total thiol levels and disulphide levels were considerably lower than those in the control group ([844.68 ± 195.99 µmol/L vs 1158.92 ± 243.97 µmol/L; p < 0.001], [259.13 ± 65.66 µmol/L vs 375.02 ± 79.99 µmol/L; p < 0.001], respectively). Serum disulphide/native thiol ratios and disulphide/total thiol ratios were significantly lower in HCM patients than in controls (0.80 ± 0.09 vs 0.92 ± 0.05; p < 0.001 and 0.31 [0.30-0.32] vs 0.32 [0.32-0.33]; p < 0.001). Finally, reduced thiol ratios were higher and oxidized thiol ratios were significantly lower in patients with HCM than in controls. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the fact that antioxidant capacity was impaired, the extracellular environment remained in a reducing state by keeping serum disulphide/native thiol ratios low. Therefore, the authors speculate that HCM may behave similarly to tumours with respect to serum thiol-disulphide levels.

18.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(12): 1573-1578, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether catheter-induced premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) produced at the presumptive ablation site may aid in the identification of the optimal timing of the earliest local activation for the successful ablation of clinical PVCs. METHODS: Sixty-three consecutive patients (35 males, age: 53.5 ± 14.4 years) without any exclusion criteria who had undergone PVC ablation between 1 July 2018 and 1 July 2019 constituted our study population. The time interval between the beginning of the EGM and the beginning of the QRS of each catheter-induced PVC (Cath EGM-ECG) and the time interval between the beginning of the EGM of clinical PVCs at the earliest site and the beginning of the QRS of clinical PVCs (PVC earliest EGM-ECG) were noted for each patient. The value of Cath EGM-ECG as a reference for procedural success of ablation was evaluated by examining the relationship between Cath EGM-ECG and PVC earliest EGM-ECG. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients had successful ablation, and 43 of them (82.7%) had PVC earliest EGM-ECG values greater than or equal to Cath EGM-ECG. Eleven patients had procedural failure, and all of them had PVC earliest EGM-ECG values lower than Cath EGM-ECG. A PVC earliest EGM-ECG value -1.5 ms greater than Cath EGM-ECG predicted successful ablation with a sensitivity of 90.4% and a specificity of 100.0% in the general patient population. CONCLUSION: Cath EGM-ECG seems to serve as a reliable guide for finding the optimal timing of the earliest site for successful PVC ablation.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ablação por Cateter , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/fisiopatologia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Echocardiography ; 36(12): 2271-2273, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758716

RESUMO

Aortic prosthetic vascular graft infections (PVGI) are rare complications of the aortic surgery, with an incidence of 0.5%-6%. Although rare, they carry mortality rates as high as 25%-88%. Improvement in diagnostic imaging modalities in the last two decades, together with early diagnosis, aortic PVGI associated mortality was reduced. These imaging methods include transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), computed tomography angiography (CTA), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT). In this case report, we focus mainly on three imaging modalities as TEE, CTA, and 18F-FDG PET/CT and showed their role in the assessment of aortic PVGI.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos
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