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1.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1355-1362, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists are approved chemotherapy drugs in Japan, no nationwide surveys have been performed to validate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) guidelines in clinical practice. This study evaluated CINV in patients with haematological malignancies starting first-time chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A nationwide CINV survey on patients with haematological malignancies was conducted at 118 institutions. Patients undergoing moderately emetic chemotherapy (n=17) and highly emetic chemotherapy (HEC; n=180) were compared. RESULTS: Forty-one patients undergoing HEC received triple antiemetics. Female gender and young age were risk factors for early-phase nausea, while female gender remained a risk factor for late-phase nausea and vomiting. Among 125 patients receiving CHOP (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone)-like regimens, complete response and complete control were increased in patients receiving triple antiemetics, compared to those with double antiemetics. CONCLUSION: Guideline compliance was very low. Although not statistically significant, there was a trend for reduced CINV and improved disease control for triple versus double antiemetics, suggesting that triple antiemetics should be considered for HEC, especially in young female patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma receiving CHOP-like regimens.


Assuntos
Antieméticos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Náusea/etiologia , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Vômito/etiologia , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/diagnóstico , Náusea/epidemiologia , Pré-Medicação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/diagnóstico , Vômito/epidemiologia
4.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(2): 87-92, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842385

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare, aggressive type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a poor prognosis and no defined optimal therapeutic strategies. We retrospectively analyzed the survival of six PCNSL patients who were treated with high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) -based chemotherapy combined with rituximab. The median age at diagnosis was 71 (range, 54-75) years, and the ECOG performance status was ≥3 in four patients. The histopathological findings revealed that all patients had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Objective response was obtained in all patients (five, complete response; one, partial response). Three patients had severe non-hematological toxicities: one had pulmonary thromboembolism, one had sepsis, and one developed acute epididymitis. However, each patient recovered and their symptoms could be managed. The median follow-up was 28.8 (range, 13.4-65.5) months. Five patients were still alive and disease-free, and one patient relapsed 62.2 months after the diagnosis. Therefore, the addition of rituximab to HDMTX may improve outcomes. Further clinical investigation is necessary to establish standardized initial therapies for PCNSL, particularly in elderly patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int J Hematol ; 109(4): 418-425, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30725360

RESUMO

Given the poor prognosis of patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), better therapy is needed. Fludarabine enhances the efficacy of Ara-C (cytarabine) by increasing intracellular Ara-C-triphosphate. The FLAG (fludarabine, high-dose Ara-C, supported with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) regimen has been tested for use in AML patients by other investigators. In the phase II study reported here, we evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of FLAGM therapy (FLAG with mitoxantrone), further intensified by adding mitoxantrone, based on the results of a phase I study by our group. The major endpoints were complete remission (CR) rate and early death. From June 2004 to February 2008, 41 patients (median age 52 years; range 18-64 years) were enrolled. Thirty (73% 95% CI 58-84%) patients achieved CR, which met the primary endpoint; there was a single case of early death from pneumonia. Two-year overall survival was 39.4% (95% CI 25.2-55.6%). Of those who achieved CR, 27 underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), and 12 SCT recipients showed long-term survival. Grade 3/4 non-hematological adverse events included infection (59%), nausea/vomiting (15%), diarrhea (7%), and elevated liver enzymes (7%). In conclusion, FLAGM is an effective and safe salvage therapy for patients with relapsed/refractory AML, and facilitated SCT for a large proportion of patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Mitoxantrona/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/efeitos adversos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
6.
Blood Adv ; 3(3): 312-319, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705033

RESUMO

In 2007, we conducted a prospective randomized study to compare an aggressive dose escalation (group B, n = 123) with the standard dose escalation proposed by European LeukemiaNet (group A, n = 122). In group B, if patients did not achieve a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) at 3 months or did not achieve a major molecular response (MR3) at 6 months, imatinib was increased to 600 mg. At 6 months CCyR was achieved in 69.4% and 78.7% of patients in groups A and B, respectively. The rate of MR3 at 12 months and 24 months were similar in group A (52.1% and 70.0%) and group B (58.7% and 68.3%). The cumulative incidence of withdrawal by failure without accelerated/blast phase was higher in group A than in group B (9.2% vs 2.5% at 24 months). At 3 and 6 months, the protocol called for the imatinib dose to increase to 600 mg in 90 patients (74.4%) in group B. Among the 42 patients who received increased dose according to the protocol, 25 (60.0%) achieved MR3 at 12 months, whereas only 14 (35.0%) of 40 patients who did not receive an increased dose achieved MR3 (P < .05). The number of patients who withdrew from this study was similar (group A, 20%; group B, 21%). The early aggressive dose escalation failed to produce a better molecular response at 12 months. However, for patients who tolerate imatinib well, but show inadequate response at an early time point, aggressive dose escalation may contribute to achieving a better outcome. This study was registered at http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/ as #R000000965.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Hematol ; 109(4): 426-439, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762219

RESUMO

We report the results of a multicenter observational study using the New TARGET system, in which the effectiveness and safety of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were evaluated in newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. A total of 506 patients were enrolled between April 2010 and March 2013. Median age was 56 (range 18-92) years; 35% of patients were females. As the first-line therapy, 139 (27.9%), 169 (33.9%) and 144 (28.9%) patients were treated with imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib, respectively. Five-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 93.8% and 94.5%, respectively. The OS curve was significantly superior for patients treated with second-generation TKIs than imatinib (P = 0.0068), and an early molecular response (EMR) at 3 months (BCR-ABL1 < 10%) was detected in 328 of 377 patients evaluated for molecular response. The PFS curve was significantly superior for patients with EMR than without (P < 0.0001). Although 12 patients experienced vascular adverse events, no new safety issues were observed in patients with adverse events. The results of this observational study demonstrated that treating newly diagnosed CML-CP patients with TKI results in satisfactory and reliable outcomes.


Assuntos
Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Leukemia ; 33(2): 358-370, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30093681

RESUMO

Between April 2004 and December 2010, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled study comparing tamibarotene with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in the maintenance therapy of newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and here report the final results of this study with a median follow-up of 7.3 years. Of 344 eligible patients who had received ATRA and chemotherapy, 319 (93%) achieved complete remission (CR). After completion of three courses of consolidation chemotherapy, 269 patients in molecular remission underwent maintenance randomization, 135 to ATRA (45 mg/m2 daily), and 134 to tamibarotene (6 mg/m2 daily) for 14 days every 3 months for 2 years. The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival (RFS). The 7-year RFS was 84% in the ATRA arm and 93% in the tamibarotene arm (p = 0.027, HR = 0.44, 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.93). The difference was prominent in high-risk patients with initial leukocytes ≥ 10.0 × 109/L (62% vs. 89%; p = 0.034). Tamibarotene was significantly superior to ATRA by decreasing relapse in high-risk patients. Overall survival after randomization did not differ (96% vs. 97%; p = 0.520). Secondary hematopoietic disorders developed in nine patients, secondary malignancies in 11, and grade 3 or more late cardiac comorbidities in three. These late complications did not differ between the two arms.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Terapia de Salvação , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ann Hematol ; 98(1): 83-91, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251205

RESUMO

We analyzed the clinical significance and genetic features of ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations, and the alternatively spliced isoform of the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript, which is also called AML1-ETO9a (AE9a), in Japanese CBF-AML patients enrolled in the JALSG AML201 study. ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes were sequenced using bone marrow samples of 41 AML patients with t(8;21) and 14 with inv(16). The relative expression levels of AE9a were quantified using the real-time PCR assay in 23 AML patients with t(8;21). We identified ASXL2 (34.1%) and ZBTB7A (9.8%) mutations in only AML patients with t(8;21). ASXL2-mutated patients had a significantly higher WBC count at diagnosis (P = 0.04) and a lower frequency of sex chromosome loss than wild-type patients (33 vs. 76%, respectively, P = 0.01). KIT mutations were the most frequently accompanied with both ASXL2 (36%) and ZBTB7A (75%) mutations. Neither ASXL2 nor ZBTB7A mutations had an impact on overall or event-free survival. Patients harboring cohesin complex gene mutations expressed significantly higher levels of AE9a than unmutated patients (P = 0.03). In conclusion, ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations were frequently identified in Japanese AML patients with t(8;21), but not in those with inv(16). Further analysis is required to clarify the detailed biological mechanism of AE9a regulation of the cohesin complex.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1 , Proteínas Repressoras , Fatores de Transcrição , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/biossíntese , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/biossíntese , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/biossíntese , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/biossíntese , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Transcrição/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
10.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 59(6): 669-674, 2018.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973441

RESUMO

The JAK2V617F mutation is the commonest major genetic mutation of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and has been defined in the WHO diagnostic criteria for MPNs. However, there is still no approved in vitro diagnostic test kit available in Japan. We evaluated a JAK2V617F allele quantification kit (test method) in a prospective, multicenter clinical performance study involving patients with MPNs who were diagnosed with polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis; healthy volunteers were also included in the analysis. Good correlation was observed between the allele burden determined using the test method vs. that determined using next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the patient group (r=0.998, y=1.071x-0.069; n=156). Furthermore, all allele burdens in the healthy group (n=54) were below the lower limit of the measurement range of the test method (0.042%). Our results confirmed that the test method could quantitatively measure the JAK2V617F allele burden in patients with MPN. Thus, the novel JAK2V617F allele quantification kit can be considered useful for the diagnosis of MPNs.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos/instrumentação , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Policitemia Vera/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Japão , Mutação , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 59(6): 723-724, 2018.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973451
12.
Int J Hematol ; 108(5): 499-509, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027429

RESUMO

GALLIUM is a global phase III study that demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) with obinutuzumab plus chemotherapy (G-chemo) versus rituximab plus chemotherapy (R-chemo) in previously untreated patients with follicular lymphoma (FL). In this single-country subgroup analysis, we explored patterns of efficacy and safety in patients enrolled in the GALLIUM study in Japan (Japanese subgroup). Patients were randomized to open-label induction treatment with G-chemo or R-chemo. Responders received maintenance monotherapy with their randomized antibody for up to 2 years. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed PFS. Overall, 123 patients with FL were randomized in the Japanese subgroup (G-chemo, n = 65; R-chemo, n = 58). The majority of patients received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy (82.9 vs 33.1% in the global GALLIUM FL population). PFS at 3 years was 89.9% (G-chemo) vs. 74.7% (R-chemo); hazard ratio 0.42; 95% confidence interval 0.15, 1.15; P = 0.08. Higher rates of grade 3-5 adverse events (96.9 vs. 89.7%) and serious adverse events (35.4 vs. 22.4%) were observed with G-chemo vs R-chemo, respectively. Neutropenia was frequent in the Japanese subgroup (92.3% G-chemo; 79.3% R-chemo). Overall, the results in the Japanese subgroup were consistent with those in the global GALLIUM population.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29375887

RESUMO

Background: Clinical practice guidelines should be user-friendly and confirming their penetration rate and compliance are critical. Methods: We conducted a nationwide web-based questionnaire survey among pharmacists regarding the 2013 guidelines for the appropriate use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (G-CSFs) (version 2, published by the Japan Society of Clinical Oncology [JSCO]) between August 24 and September 6, 2015. Results: A total of 301 pharmacists responded; 96.0% belonged to hospitals and were board-certified pharmacists in oncology pharmacy (n = 133) and palliative pharmacy (n = 78). In addition, 61.5% of respondents (n = 185) worked for designated cancer care hospitals. The observation that 75.7% of respondents knew that the JSCO guidelines are available on the internet indicated that several pharmacists used this guideline. A high degree of usability by pharmacists was also demonstrated, as 98.0% and 51.5% of respondents, respectively, agreed with the statements "it is useful for the work of pharmacists" and "it is referred to in the actual work of pharmacists". However, more than half of the respondents (58.4%) agreed with the phrase "there are differences from the actual work of pharmacists". Conclusions: Their responses indicated that the respondents used the G-CSF guidelines and viewed them positively; however, the observation that about half of the respondents reported feeling that the guidelines do not match their current practice requires additional follow-up in future studies. The use of these guidelines should be routinely assessed in order to introduce novel cancer chemotherapy regimens and long-acting G-CSF in clinical practice.

15.
Leuk Res ; 66: 20-27, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29360622

RESUMO

Many genetic alterations that are associated with the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been identified, and several risk stratification systems based on the genetic status have been recommended. The European LeukemiaNet (ELN) first proposed the risk stratification system for AML in 2010 (ELN-2010), and recently published the revised system (ELN-2017). We validated the long-term prognosis and clinical characteristics of each ELN-2017 risk category in Japanese adult AML patients who were treated in the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group (JALSG) AML-201 study. We demonstrated that the 3-risk category system of the ELN-2017 successfully discriminated the overall survival and complete remission rates in our cohort in comparison with the 4-risk category of the ELN-2010. However, there were still genetic categories in which stratification of patients into favorable or intermediate risk categories was controversial; the low allelic ratio of FLT3-ITD was not necessarily associated with a better prognosis in patients with FLT3-ITD, and cytogenetic abnormalities may affect the prognosis in patients with favorable genetic lesions such as NPM1 and CEBPA mutations. As many molecular targeting agents, such as FLT3 inhibitors, have been developed, we must continue to modify the genetic risk stratification system to match the progression of therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas Nucleares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo
16.
Int J Hematol ; 107(2): 185-193, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28929332

RESUMO

The objective of this prospective clinical trial (JALSG-STIM213, UMIN000011971) was to evaluate treatment-free remission (TFR) rates after discontinuation of imatinib in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). CML patients who received imatinib treatment for at least 3 years and sustained deep molecular response for at least 2 years were eligible. Molecular recurrence was defined as loss of major molecular response (MMR). Of the 68 eligible patients, 38.2% were women, the median age was 55.0 years, and the median duration of imatinib treatment was 97.5 months. The 12-month TFR rate was 67.6%. Patients who lost MMR were immediately treated with imatinib again; all re-achieved MMR. Three-year treatment-free survival (TFS) was estimated as 64.6% using the Kaplan-Meier method. Undetectable molecular residual disease (UMRD) was defined as no BCR-ABL1 in > 100,000 ABL1 control genes using international scale polymerase chain reaction. UMRD at the study baseline was found to be predictive of continuation of TFR. Our findings suggest that CML patients who meet all the eligibility criteria that have commonly been used in the TFR trials are able to discontinue imatinib use safely. TFR may thus be valuable as a new goal for CML treatment in Japan.


Assuntos
Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Hematol ; 107(2): 201-210, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027108

RESUMO

Clinical outcomes and the genetic background of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescent and young adults (AYAs) are known to differ in younger children and older adults. To clarify the impact of genetic mutations on clinical outcomes of AYAs with AML, we analyzed data from the JPLSG AML-05 and JALSG AML201 studies. AYAs aged 15-39 years (n = 103) were included. FLT3-ITD, KIT, CEBPA, NRAS, KRAS, WT1, MLL-PTD, and NPM1 mutations were analyzed. Overall survival (OS) of the AYAs was 61% and event-free survival was 38% at 3 years. FLT3-ITD (HR 2.10; 95% CI 1.07-4.12; p = 0.031) and NPM1 (HR 0.24; 95% CI 0.06-1.00; p = 0.050) mutations were associated with risk of overall mortality in multivariate analysis. OS was significantly different according to FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutation status (p = 0.03). Survival was 100% with NPM1 mutations in the absence of FLT3-ITD and 35% (95% CI 14-57%) with FLT3-ITD in the absence of NPM1 mutations. The OS of AYAs, children (n = 413) and older adults (n = 124) of the AML-05 and AML201 participants were significantly different (p < 0.0001). This is the first report to combine clinical and genetic data of AYA AML from the major Japanese pediatric and adult study groups.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Adolescente , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Hematol ; 97(1): 73-81, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29196987

RESUMO

Recent studies have described various impacts of obesity and being overweight on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) outcomes in adult patients, but little is known about the impact of being underweight. We compared the outcomes of underweight patients to those of normal weight and overweight patients. Adult patients with AML who registered in the JALSG AML201 study (n = 1057) were classified into three groups: underweight (body mass index [BMI] < 18.5, n = 92), normal weight (BMI 18.5-25, n = 746), and overweight (BMI ≥ 25, n = 219). With the exception of age and male/female ratio, patient characteristics were comparable among the three groups. Rates of complete remission following induction chemotherapy were similar among the three groups (p = 0.68). We observed a significant difference in overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and non-relapse mortality (NRM) between underweight and normal weight patients (3-year OS 34.8 vs. 47.7%, p = 0.01; DFS 28.6 vs. 39.8%, p = 0.02; 1-year NRM 6.2 vs. 2.6%, p = 0.05), but not between underweight and overweight patients. In multivariate analysis, underweight was an independent adverse prognostic factor for OS (p < 0.01), DFS (p = 0.01), and NRM (p = 0.04). During the first induction chemotherapy, the incidences of documented infection (DI) and severe adverse events (AEs) were higher in underweight patients than those in normal weight patients (DI 16 vs. 8.1%, p = 0.04; AE 36 vs. 24%, p = 0.05). In conclusion, underweight was an independent adverse prognostic factor for survival in adult AML patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Magreza/complicações , Magreza/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Hematol ; 106(5): 725, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027146

RESUMO

In the original publication of this article, the "Acknowledgements" was not included and it is given below for your reading.

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