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1.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(4): 351-363, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290251

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of transient obstructive cholestasis on liver histology remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transient cholestasis impairs liver histology. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a public university hospital (UNICAMP), Brazil. METHODS: 169 individuals undergoing cholecystectomy, with or without cholestasis. were enrolled. Histopathological findings were correlated with clinical and biochemical characteristics. RESULTS: Biliary hepatopathy was more frequent in individuals with resolved cholestasis than in those with active obstruction or no jaundice (P < 0.01), as also were fibrosis and ductular proliferation (P = 0.02). Cholestasis was commoner in individuals with resolved obstruction than in those with no history (P < 0.01) or active cholestasis (P < 0.05). Biliary hepatopathy was associated with longer duration of cholestasis (P < 0.001) and higher bilirubin levels (P = 0.02) in individuals with active obstruction; with lower body mass index (P = 0.02) and longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) in individuals with resolved obstruction; and with longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) and longer interval between endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgery (P = 0.03) overall. In individuals with active obstruction, duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) and bilirubin levels (R = 0.6; P = 0.004) were independently correlated with cholestasis severity. Duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) was independently correlated with ductular proliferation severity. CONCLUSIONS: Transient cholestasis was associated with significant histopathological changes, even after its resolution. Longer duration of obstruction correlated with greater severity of histopathological changes, especially cholestasis and ductular proliferation. This emphasizes the need for early treatment of obstructive cholestasis.

2.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 48: e20202913, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been previously suggested. This study aims at investigating this association and at identifying potential links between variables of the NAFLD spectrum and PDAC. METHODS: A cross-sectional case-matched analytical and comparative study was carried out to analyze patients undergoing surgical resection of PDAC and compare them to a control group of individuals undergoing cholecystectomy at a public tertiary teaching hospital, matched by sex, age and BMI. Hepatic histopathological examinations were compared between cases and controls. RESULTS: Of 56 individuals, 36 were male (64.3%) and the median age was 61.5 years old (interquartile range: 57.5 - 70). The participants' median BMI was 24.3 kg/m2 (interquartile range: 22.1-26.2 kg/m2). Microvesicular steatosis (p=0.04), hepatocellular ballooning (p=0.02), fibrosis (p=0.0003) and steatohepatitis (p=0.03) were significantly more frequent in the group of cases. Odds ratios for hepatocellular ballooning (6.2; 95%CI: 1.2-31.8; p=0.03), fibrosis (9.3; 95%CI: 2.5-34.1; p=0.0008) and steatohepatitis (3.9; 95%CI: 1.1-14.3; p=0.04) were statistically significant in relation to the PDAC prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: Significant associations were identified between histopathological aspects of NAFLD (microvesicular steatosis, hepatocellular ballooning, fibrosis, and steatohepatitis) and PDAC.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Biópsia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fígado , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia
3.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 139(4): 351-363, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of transient obstructive cholestasis on liver histology remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transient cholestasis impairs liver histology. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a public university hospital (UNICAMP), Brazil. METHODS: 169 individuals undergoing cholecystectomy, with or without cholestasis. were enrolled. Histopathological findings were correlated with clinical and biochemical characteristics. RESULTS: Biliary hepatopathy was more frequent in individuals with resolved cholestasis than in those with active obstruction or no jaundice (P < 0.01), as also were fibrosis and ductular proliferation (P = 0.02). Cholestasis was commoner in individuals with resolved obstruction than in those with no history (P < 0.01) or active cholestasis (P < 0.05). Biliary hepatopathy was associated with longer duration of cholestasis (P < 0.001) and higher bilirubin levels (P = 0.02) in individuals with active obstruction; with lower body mass index (P = 0.02) and longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) in individuals with resolved obstruction; and with longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) and longer interval between endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgery (P = 0.03) overall. In individuals with active obstruction, duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) and bilirubin levels (R = 0.6; P = 0.004) were independently correlated with cholestasis severity. Duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) was independently correlated with ductular proliferation severity. CONCLUSIONS: Transient cholestasis was associated with significant histopathological changes, even after its resolution. Longer duration of obstruction correlated with greater severity of histopathological changes, especially cholestasis and ductular proliferation. This emphasizes the need for early treatment of obstructive cholestasis.

4.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. OBJECTIVE: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. METHODS: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. RESULTS: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. CONCLUSION: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Desnutrição/etiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Feminino , Derivação Gástrica , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202913, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287885

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background and Aims: An association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been previously suggested. This study aims at investigating this association and at identifying potential links between variables of the NAFLD spectrum and PDAC. Methods: A cross-sectional case-matched analytical and comparative study was carried out to analyze patients undergoing surgical resection of PDAC and compare them to a control group of individuals undergoing cholecystectomy at a public tertiary teaching hospital, matched by sex, age and BMI. Hepatic histopathological examinations were compared between cases and controls. Results: Of 56 individuals, 36 were male (64.3%) and the median age was 61.5 years old (interquartile range: 57.5 - 70). The participants' median BMI was 24.3 kg/m2 (interquartile range: 22.1-26.2 kg/m2). Microvesicular steatosis (p=0.04), hepatocellular ballooning (p=0.02), fibrosis (p=0.0003) and steatohepatitis (p=0.03) were significantly more frequent in the group of cases. Odds ratios for hepatocellular ballooning (6.2; 95%CI: 1.2-31.8; p=0.03), fibrosis (9.3; 95%CI: 2.5-34.1; p=0.0008) and steatohepatitis (3.9; 95%CI: 1.1-14.3; p=0.04) were statistically significant in relation to the PDAC prevalence. Conclusions: Significant associations were identified between histopathological aspects of NAFLD (microvesicular steatosis, hepatocellular ballooning, fibrosis, and steatohepatitis) and PDAC.


RESUMO Histórico e objetivos: a associação entre a doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA) e o adenocarcinoma ductal pancreático (ACDP) foi sugerida anteriormente. Este estudo visa investigar esta associação e identificar possíveis ligações entre as variáveis do espectro da DHGNA e o ACDP. Métodos: foi realizado estudo transversal caso-controle analítico e comparativo para analisar pacientes submetidos a ressecção cirúrgica de ACDP e compará-los a grupo controle de indivíduos submetidos a colecistectomia em hospital público terciário de ensino, pareados por sexo, idade e IMC. Os exames histopatológicos hepáticos foram comparados entre casos e controles. Resultados: dos 56 indivíduos, 36 eram do sexo masculino (64,3%) e a idade mediana era de 61,5 anos de idade (intervalo interquartil 57,5-70). A mediana do IMC dos participantes foi de 24,3 kg/m2 (intervalo interquartil 22,1 26,2). Esteatose microvesicular (p = 0,04), balonização hepatocelular (p = 0,02), fibrose (p = 0,0003) e esteato-hepatite (p = 0,03) foram significativamente mais frequentes no grupo de casos. As razões de chances para balonização hepatocelular (6,2; IC 95%: 1,2 - 31,8; p = 0,03), fibrose (9,3; IC 95%: 2,5 - 34,1; p = 0,0008) e esteato-hepatite (3,9; IC 95%: 1,1 - 14,3; p = 0,04) foram estatisticamente significativas em relação à prevalência de ACDP. Conclusões: houve associações significativas entre aspectos histopatológicos de DHGNA (esteatose microvesicular, balonização hepatocelular, fibrose e esteato-hepatite) e a ocorrência de ACDP.

6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8496, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444690

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic disease with several degrees of histological features which may progress to cirrhosis. Obesity is an important risk factor and although NAFLD has no specific pharmacological treatment, bariatric surgery has been associated with NAFLD regression in severely obese patients. However, few longitudinal histological studies support this finding. Therefore, firstly, a retrospective study was performed including clinical and histological data of 895 obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery. In addition, histological analyses of 30 patient's liver biopsies were evaluated at two timepoints (T1 and T2). The retrospective analysis of the total number of patients revealed that the average body mass index (BMI) was 35.91 ± 2.81 kg/m2. The liver biopsies during bariatric surgery showed that 53.52% did not present NAFLD, 30.16% had NASH, 15.98% isolated steatosis and 0.34% liver cirrhosis. The median BMI of the longitudinal cohort decreased from 37.9 ± 2.21 kg/m2 at the time of bariatric surgery (T1) to 25.69 ± 3.79 kg/m2 after 21 ± 22 months after the procedure (T2). The prevalence of NAFLD in T1 was 50%, and 16.67% in T2. The histological area of collagen fiber was lower in T2 compared to T1 (p = 0.0152) in the majority of patients, which was also illustrated by immunohistochemistry for Kupffer cell and myofibroblast formation markers. These findings confirmed the NAFLD regression after bariatric surgery and, for the first time, showed the amelioration of these features using more accurate histopathological techniques.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Brasil/epidemiologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Estudos Longitudinais , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 491-497, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094526

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice may lead to ominous complications and requires complex diagnostic evaluations and therapies that are not widely available. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile, referral routes and diagnostic accuracy at admittance of cases of acute cholangitis among patients with obstructive jaundice treated at a referral unit. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a tertiary-level university hospital. METHODS: Patients with obstructive jaundice who were treated by means of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, resection and/or surgical biliary drainage were evaluated. The main variables analyzed were epidemiological data, referral route, bilirubin levels and time elapsed between symptom onset and admittance and diagnosing of acute cholangitis at the referral unit. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was compared with a retrospective analysis on the medical records in accordance with the Tokyo criteria. RESULTS: Female patients predominated (58%), with an average age of 56 years. Acute cholangitis was detected in 9.9% of the individuals; application of the Tokyo criteria showed that the real prevalence was approximately 43%. The main referral route was direct contact (31.8%) and emergency care (29.7%); routing via official referral through the public healthcare system accounted for 17.6%, and internal referral from other specialties, 20%. The direct route with unofficial referral was the most important route for cases of neoplastic etiology (P < 0.01) and was the fastest route (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There is a deficiency in the official referral routes for patients with obstructive jaundice. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was poor. Wider dissemination of the Tokyo criteria is essential.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Colangite/diagnóstico , Icterícia Obstrutiva/diagnóstico , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Hospitais Universitários , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Bilirrubina/análise , Brasil/epidemiologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Drenagem , Colangite/cirurgia , Colangite/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/cirurgia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/epidemiologia , Confiabilidade dos Dados
9.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(1): e1412, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a procedure associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Initially described as gastropancreaticoduodenectomy (GPD), the possibility of preservation of the gastric antrum and pylorus was described in the 1970s. AIM: To evaluate the mortality and operative variables of PD with or without pyloric preservation and to correlate them with the adopted technique and surgical indication. METHOD: Retrospective cohort on data analysis of medical records of individuals who underwent PD from 2012 through 2017. Demographic, anthropometric and operative variables were analyzed and correlated with the adopted technique (GPD vs. PD) and the surgical indication. RESULTS: Of the 87 individuals evaluated, 38 (43.7%) underwent GPD and 49 (53.3%) were submitted to PD. The frequency of GPD (62.5%) was significantly higher among patients with pancreatic neoplasia (p=0.04). The hospital stay was significantly shorter among the individuals submitted to resection due to neoplasias of less aggressive behavior (p=0.04). Surgical mortality was 10.3%, with no difference between GPD and PD. Mortality was significantly higher among individuals undergoing resection for chronic pancreatitis (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: There were no differences in mortality, surgical time, bleeding or hospitalization time between GPD and PD. Pancreas head neoplasm was associated with a higher indication of GPD. Resection of less aggressive neoplasms was associated with lower morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Gastrostomia/mortalidade , Gastrostomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreatite Crônica/mortalidade , Pancreatite Crônica/cirurgia , Gravidez , Antro Pilórico/cirurgia , Piloro/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(6): 491-497, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice may lead to ominous complications and requires complex diagnostic evaluations and therapies that are not widely available. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile, referral routes and diagnostic accuracy at admittance of cases of acute cholangitis among patients with obstructive jaundice treated at a referral unit. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a tertiary-level university hospital. METHODS: Patients with obstructive jaundice who were treated by means of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, resection and/or surgical biliary drainage were evaluated. The main variables analyzed were epidemiological data, referral route, bilirubin levels and time elapsed between symptom onset and admittance and diagnosing of acute cholangitis at the referral unit. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was compared with a retrospective analysis on the medical records in accordance with the Tokyo criteria. RESULTS: Female patients predominated (58%), with an average age of 56 years. Acute cholangitis was detected in 9.9% of the individuals; application of the Tokyo criteria showed that the real prevalence was approximately 43%. The main referral route was direct contact (31.8%) and emergency care (29.7%); routing via official referral through the public healthcare system accounted for 17.6%, and internal referral from other specialties, 20%. The direct route with unofficial referral was the most important route for cases of neoplastic etiology (P < 0.01) and was the fastest route (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There is a deficiency in the official referral routes for patients with obstructive jaundice. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was poor. Wider dissemination of the Tokyo criteria is essential.


Assuntos
Colangite/diagnóstico , Hospitais Universitários , Icterícia Obstrutiva/diagnóstico , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Bilirrubina/análise , Brasil/epidemiologia , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colangite/epidemiologia , Colangite/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/epidemiologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tempo para o Tratamento
11.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(2): 201-205, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29116313

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Pancreatic metastases from primary malignant tumors at other sites are rare, constituting about 2% of the neoplasms that affect the pancreas. Pancreatic metastasis from breast cancer is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose, because its clinical and radiological presentation is similar to that of a primary pancreatic tumor. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old female developed a lesion in the pancreatic tail 24 months after neoadjuvant therapy, surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy for right-side breast cancer (ductal carcinoma). She underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy and left adrenalectomy, and presented an uneventful outcome. The immunohistochemical analysis on the surgical specimen suggested that the lesion originated from the breast. CONCLUSION: In cases of pancreatic lesions detected in patients with a previous history of breast neoplasm, the possibility of pancreatic metastasis should be carefully considered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/secundário , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adrenalectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Esplenectomia
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1412, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973383

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a procedure associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Initially described as gastropancreaticoduodenectomy (GPD), the possibility of preservation of the gastric antrum and pylorus was described in the 1970s. Aim: To evaluate the mortality and operative variables of PD with or without pyloric preservation and to correlate them with the adopted technique and surgical indication. Method: Retrospective cohort on data analysis of medical records of individuals who underwent PD from 2012 through 2017. Demographic, anthropometric and operative variables were analyzed and correlated with the adopted technique (GPD vs. PD) and the surgical indication. Results: Of the 87 individuals evaluated, 38 (43.7%) underwent GPD and 49 (53.3%) were submitted to PD. The frequency of GPD (62.5%) was significantly higher among patients with pancreatic neoplasia (p=0.04). The hospital stay was significantly shorter among the individuals submitted to resection due to neoplasias of less aggressive behavior (p=0.04). Surgical mortality was 10.3%, with no difference between GPD and PD. Mortality was significantly higher among individuals undergoing resection for chronic pancreatitis (p=0.001). Conclusion: There were no differences in mortality, surgical time, bleeding or hospitalization time between GPD and PD. Pancreas head neoplasm was associated with a higher indication of GPD. Resection of less aggressive neoplasms was associated with lower morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Racional : A duodenopancreatectomia (DP) é procedimento associado com significativa morbimortalidade. Inicialmente descrita como gastroduodenopancreatectomia (GDP), a possibilidade de preservação do antro gástrico e piloro foi descrita na década de 1970. Objetivo : Avaliar a mortalidade e variáveis operatórias da DP com ou sem preservação pilórica e correlacioná-las com a técnica adotada e indicação cirúrgica. Método: Estudo de coorte histórica, baseado em análise de dados de registros médicos de indivíduos submetidos à DP entre os anos de 2012 a 2017. Foram analisadas variáveis demográficas, antropométricas e operatórias e correlacionadas com a técnica adotada (GDP vs. DP) e a indicação cirúrgica. Resultados : Dos 87 indivíduos avaliados, 38 (43,7%) foram submetidos à GDP e 49 (53,3%) à DP. A frequência de realização da GDP (62,5%) foi significativamente maior entre os pacientes com neoplasia de pâncreas (p=0,04). O tempo de internação total foi significativamente menor entre os indivíduos submetidos à ressecção por neoplasias de comportamento menos agressivo (p=0,04). A mortalidade cirúrgica foi de 10,3%, não havendo diferença entre GDP e DP. A mortalidade foi significativamente maior entre os indivíduos submetidos à ressecção por pancreatite crônica (p=0,001). Conclusão : Não houve diferenças na morbimortalidade, tempo cirúrgico, sangramento ou tempo de internação entre GDP e DP. A neoplasia de cabeça de pâncreas associou-se mais com indicação de GDP. A ressecção de neoplasias menos agressivas associou-se a menor morbimortalidade.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Gastrostomia/métodos , Gastrostomia/mortalidade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Gravidez , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Resultado do Tratamento , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/mortalidade , Duração da Cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Ilustração Médica
13.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 55(3): 247-251, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest hepatopathy worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations between NAFLD histopathological features and the levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin) and circulating inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-8 [IL-8], tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α], and C-reactive protein [CRP]). METHODS: This is an exploratory cross-sectional study, which enrolled 19 women with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery. Biochemical characteristics evaluated included the levels of adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and CRP. NAFLD was assessed through histological examination of liver biopsies carried out during the surgical procedures. RESULTS: The mean age of the study group was 37.3±8.2 years old; mean BMI was 36.2±2.5 kg/m2. Among individuals with liver fibrosis, the levels of IL-8 were significantly higher (24.4 ± 9.7 versus 12.7 ± 6.6; P=0.016726). The intensity of fibrosis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.49379; P=0.03166); i.e. the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of fibrosis. The intensity of steatohepatitis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.562321; P=0.01221); this means that the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of steatohepatitis. CONCLUSION: Adiponectin levels were inversely correlated with the severity of fibrosis and steatohepatitis, whereas IL-8 levels were higher in individuals with liver fibrosis among individuals with obesity and NAFLD undergoing bariatric surgery. The use of these markers to assess NAFLD may bring significant information within similar populations.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Biópsia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Valores de Referência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 247-251, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-973894

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest hepatopathy worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations between NAFLD histopathological features and the levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin) and circulating inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-8 [IL-8], tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α], and C-reactive protein [CRP]). METHODS: This is an exploratory cross-sectional study, which enrolled 19 women with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery. Biochemical characteristics evaluated included the levels of adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and CRP. NAFLD was assessed through histological examination of liver biopsies carried out during the surgical procedures. RESULTS: The mean age of the study group was 37.3±8.2 years old; mean BMI was 36.2±2.5 kg/m2. Among individuals with liver fibrosis, the levels of IL-8 were significantly higher (24.4 ± 9.7 versus 12.7 ± 6.6; P=0.016726). The intensity of fibrosis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.49379; P=0.03166); i.e. the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of fibrosis. The intensity of steatohepatitis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.562321; P=0.01221); this means that the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of steatohepatitis. CONCLUSION: Adiponectin levels were inversely correlated with the severity of fibrosis and steatohepatitis, whereas IL-8 levels were higher in individuals with liver fibrosis among individuals with obesity and NAFLD undergoing bariatric surgery. The use of these markers to assess NAFLD may bring significant information within similar populations.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença hepática gordurosa não-alcoólica (DHGNA) é a hepatopatia mais comum no mundo. OBJETIVO: Investigar correlações entre as apresentações histopatológicas da DHGNA e os níveis de adipocinas (adiponectina, leptina e resistina) e marcadores sistêmicos de inflamação (interleucina-6 [IL-6], interleucina-8 [IL-8], fator de necrose tumoral alfa [TNF-α] e proteína C reativa [PCR]). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal exploratório envolvendo 18 mulheres com obesidade submetidas à cirurgia bariátrica. As características bioquímicas avaliadas incluíram os níveis de adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α e PCR. A DHGNA foi avaliada através de exams histológicos de biópsias hepáticas realizadas durantes as cirurgias. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi 37,3±8,2 anos; o índice de massa corporal (IMC) médio foi 36,2±2,5 kg/m2. Entre os indivíduos com fibrose hepática, os níveis de IL-8 foram significativamente mais altos (24,4±9,7 versus 12,7±6,6; P=0,016726). A intensidade da fibrose apresentou uma correlação negativa significativa com os níveis de adiponectina (R= -0,49379; P=0,03166), demonstranso que, quanto maiores os níveis de adiponectina, menor a intensidade da fibrose. A intensidade da esteato-hepatite apresentou uma correlação negativa significativa com os níveis de adiponectina (R= -0,562321; P=0,01221), demonstrando que quanto mais altos os níveis de adiponectina, menor a intensidade da esteato-hepatite. CONCLUSÃO: Os níveis de adiponectina correlacionaram-se negativamente com a severidade da fibrose e da esteato-hepatite, enquanto os níveis de IL-8 foram maiores entre os indivíduos com fibrose hepática. O uso destes marcadores pode trazer informações significativas sobre a DHGNA em populações com obesidade.

15.
Obes Surg ; 28(10): 3131-3135, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of post-surgical weight regain on the course of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of weight regain on the NAFLD assessed by means of a non-invasive score after Roux-en-gastric bypass (RYGB) over a 3-year period. METHODS: This is a prospective observational cohort study which evaluated individuals who underwent RYGB. Comparisons were made between the periods immediately before surgery and 12, 24, and 36 months following surgery. Liver disease was estimated by means of the NAFLD fibrosis score. Individuals were classified into three categories according to weight regain status: (1) no weight regain, (2) expected weight regain (regain less or equal than 20% of the maximal weight lost), (3) obesity recidivism (regain above 20% of the maximal weight lost). RESULTS: Of 90 patients analyzed after 3 years of surgery, 35.6% presented obesity recidivism and 28.8% of the expected regain; 35.6% presented no regain. There was no difference in baseline fibrosis score between groups; at 3 years, the score observed in the relapse group was significantly higher than that observed in the other two groups (p = 0.015). The percent variation of the fibrosis score was significantly higher in the recidivism group (+ 11.8 ± 77.2%) than in the expected regain (- 45.6 ± 64.5%) and no regain (- 37.8 ± 63.2%) groups (p = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Long-term significant post-RYGB weight regain is associated with a significantly attenuated improvement of NAFLD evaluated by means of liver fibrosis score.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso/fisiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 55(1): 66-72, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of leaks after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) significantly decreased over time, their detection still remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the usefulness of drain amylase levels to detect leaks after RYGB. METHODS: This is a population-based study which enrolled 170 individuals who underwent RYGB. Drain amylase levels were determined on the first and fourth postoperative days. Two thresholds were evaluated: three times higher than the serum levels (parameter I) and higher than 250 IU/L (parameter II). The main outcomes evaluated were perioperative morbidity, the occurrence of leaks, 30-day readmissions and reoperations, hospital stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Considering the parameter I, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with leaks (12.5% vs 0; P<0.00001). Considering the parameter II, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with longer hospital stay (8±5.7 vs 4.5±1.3 days; P=0.00032), 30-day reoperations (50% vs 3%; P=0.000285), and leaks (50% vs 0; P<0.00001). The parameter I presented a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95.9%, whereas the parameter II presented a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.4%. CONCLUSION: The determination of drain amylase levels after RYGB was a significant indicator of leaks, hospital stay, and 30-day reoperations. This finding reinforces the importance of abdominal drainage in the RYGB within this context.


Assuntos
Amilases/análise , Anastomose em-Y de Roux/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(2): 182-187, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-904158

RESUMO

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Pseudotumor cerebri occurs when there is an increase in intracranial pressure without an underlying cause, usually leading to loss of vision. It is most commonly observed in obese women of child-bearing age. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old woman presented at our service with idiopathic intracranial hypertension that had been diagnosed two years earlier, which had led to chronic refractory headache and an estimated 30% loss of visual acuity, associated with bilateral papilledema. She presented partial improvement of the headache with acetazolamide, but the visual loss persisted. Her intracranial pressure was 34 cmH2O. She presented a body mass index of 39.5 kg/m2, also associated with high blood pressure. Computed tomography of the cranium with endovenous contrast did not show any abnormalities. She underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with uneventful postoperative evolution. One month following surgery, she presented a 24% excess weight loss. An ophthalmological examination revealed absence of visual loss and remission of the papilledema. There were no new episodes of headache following the surgery. There was also complete resolution of high blood pressure. The intracranial pressure decreased to 24 cmH2O, six months after the surgery. CONCLUSION: Although the condition is usually associated with obesity, there are few reports of bariatric surgery among individuals with pseudotumor cerebri. In cases studied previously, there was high prevalence of resolution or improvement of the disease following bariatric surgery. There is no consensus regarding which technique is preferable. Thus, further research is necessary in order to establish a specific algorithm.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O pseudotumor cerebri ocorre quando há aumento na pressão intracraniana sem causa subjacente, comumente levando a perda visual. É mais comum em mulheres obesas em idade fértil. RELATO DE CASO: Mulher de 46 anos, foi admitida com hipertensão intracraniana idiopática diagnosticada há dois anos, que levou a cefaleia refratária crônica e perda estimada de 30% da acuidade visual, associada a papiledema bilateral. Apresentou melhora parcial da cefaleia com acetazolamida, mas a perda visual persistiu. A pressão intracraniana era de 34 cmH2O. Apresentava índice de massa corpórea de 39,5 kg/m2, associado a hipertensão arterial. Tomografia computadorizada com contraste endovenoso de crânio não apresentou anormalidades. Foi submetida ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux, com evolução pósoperatória sem intercorrências. Um mês após a cirurgia, apresentou perda de peso em excesso de 24%. Um exame oftalmológico demonstrou ausência de perda visual e remissão do papiledema; não houve novos episódios de cefaleia após a cirurgia. Houve também resolução completa da hipertensão arterial. A pressão intracraniana caiu para 24 cmH2O após seis meses da cirurgia. CONCLUSÃO: Embora a condição seja usualmente associada à obesidade, há escassos relatos de cirurgia bariátrica em indivíduos com pseudotumor cerebri. Nos casos previamente estudados, há alta prevalência de resolução ou de melhora da doença após a cirurgia bariátrica. Não há consenso sobre qual é a técnica cirúrgica de escolha. Portanto, mais estudos são necessários para estabelecer um algoritmo específico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Pseudotumor Cerebral/etiologia , Derivação Gástrica , Papiledema/etiologia , Hipertensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Pseudotumor Cerebral/cirurgia , Papiledema/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Hipertensão Intracraniana/cirurgia
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(1): 66-72, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-888231

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of leaks after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) significantly decreased over time, their detection still remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the usefulness of drain amylase levels to detect leaks after RYGB. METHODS: This is a population-based study which enrolled 170 individuals who underwent RYGB. Drain amylase levels were determined on the first and fourth postoperative days. Two thresholds were evaluated: three times higher than the serum levels (parameter I) and higher than 250 IU/L (parameter II). The main outcomes evaluated were perioperative morbidity, the occurrence of leaks, 30-day readmissions and reoperations, hospital stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Considering the parameter I, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with leaks (12.5% vs 0; P<0.00001). Considering the parameter II, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with longer hospital stay (8±5.7 vs 4.5±1.3 days; P=0.00032), 30-day reoperations (50% vs 3%; P=0.000285), and leaks (50% vs 0; P<0.00001). The parameter I presented a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95.9%, whereas the parameter II presented a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.4%. CONCLUSION: The determination of drain amylase levels after RYGB was a significant indicator of leaks, hospital stay, and 30-day reoperations. This finding reinforces the importance of abdominal drainage in the RYGB within this context.


RESUMO CONTEÚDO: Embora a incidência de fistulas após o bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGRY) tenha diminuído significativamente com a evolução da técnica, sua detecção continua desafiadora. OBJETIVO: Determinar a acurácia dos níveis de amilase no dreno abdominal para detector fístulas após o BGYR. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo populacional que avaliou 170 indivíduos submetidos ao BGYR. Os níveis de amilase no dreno foram determinados no primeiro e quarto dias de pós-operatório. Dois pontos de corte foram avaliados: três vezes maior que os níveis séricos (parâmetro I) e acima de 250 UI/L (parâmetro II). Os principais desfechos estudados foram: morbidade perioperatória, ocorrência de fístulas, reinternações e reoperações nos primeiros 30 dias, permanência hospitalar e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Considerando o parâmetro I, altos níveis de amilase do dreno foram indicadores significativos de fístulas (12,5% vs 0; P<0,00001). Considerando o parâmetro II, altos níveis de amilse no dreno estiveram significativamente associados a maior permanência hospitalar (8±5,7 vs 4,5±1,3 dias; P=0,00032), frequência de reoperações (50% vs 3%; P=0,000285) e ocorrência de fístulas (50% vs 0; P<0,00001). O parâmetro I apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 95,9%, enquanto o parâmetro II apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 99,4%. CONCLUSÃO: A determinação dos níveis de amilase no dreno após o BGYR foi um indicador significativo de fístulas, permanência hospitalar e reoperações. Este achado reforça a importância da drenagem abdominal no BGYR dentro deste contexto.

19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(1): 84-88, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-904130

RESUMO

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery has become the gold-standard treatment for refractory morbid obesity. Obesity is frequently associated with certain syndromes that include coexisting cognitive deficits. However, the outcomes from bariatric surgery in this group of individuals remain incompletely determined. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old male with Prader-Willi syndrome, whose intelligence quotient (IQ) was 54, was admitted with a body mass index (BMI) of 55 kg/m2, associated with glucose intolerance. He underwent the Scopinaro procedure for biliopancreatic diversion, with uneventful postoperative evolution, and presented a 55% loss of excess weight one year after the surgery, with resolution of glucose intolerance, and without any manifestation of protein-calorie malnutrition. A 28-year-old male with Down syndrome, whose IQ was 68, was admitted with BMI of 41.5 kg/m2, associated with hypertension. He underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, with uneventful postoperative evolution. He presented a 90% loss of excess weight one year after the surgery, with resolution of the hypertension. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery among individuals with intellectual impairment is a controversial topic. There is a tendency among these individuals to present significant weight loss and comorbidity control, but less than what is observed in the general obese population. The severity of the intellectual impairment may be taken into consideration in the decision-making process regarding the most appropriate surgical technique. Bariatric surgery is feasible and safe among these individuals, but further research is necessary to deepen these observations.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirurgia bariátrica tornou-se o tratamento padrão ouro para a obesidade mórbida refratária. A obesidade está frequentemente associada a certas síndromes nas quais também coexistem déficits cognitivos, entretanto, os resultados da cirurgia bariátrica nesse grupo de indivíduos ainda não foram completamente determinados. RELATO DE CASO: Um homem de 25 anos com síndrome de Prader-Willi, cujo quociente de inteligência (QI) era estimado em 54, foi admitido com índice de massa corporal (IMC) de 55 kg/m2, associado com intolerância à glicose. Foi submetido a uma derivação biliopancreática à Scopinaro, com evolução pós-operatória sem complicações significativas. Apresentou perda de 55% do excesso de peso um ano após a cirurgia, com resolução da intolerância à glicose, sem manifestação de desnutrição proteico-calórica. Outro paciente, homem de 28 anos com syndrome de Down, cujo QI era de 68, foi admitido com IMC de 41,5 kg/m2, associado a hipertensão arterial. Foi submetido ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux, com evolução pós-operatória sem complicações. Apresentou perda de 90% do excesso de peso após um ano e resolução da hipertensão. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia bariátrica em indivíduos com déficits intelectuais é um tópico controverso. Existe uma tendência entre esses indivíduos de apresentar perda de peso e controle de comorbidades significativos, porém menores que os observados na população obesa geral. A gravidade do déficit intelectual pode ser considerada no processo de decisão sobre a técnica cirúrgica mais adequada. A cirurgia bariátrica é factível e segura nesse grupo de indivíduos. Porém, mais estudos são necessários para aprofundar estas observações.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Síndrome de Prader-Willi/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Obes Surg ; 28(1): 187-194, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28741239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the correlation between features of NAFLD among individuals with morbid obesity and the surrogate IR markers homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), product of triglycerides and glucose (TyG), and triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio (TG/HDL-c). METHODS: A cross-sectional study, which enrolled 89 individuals who consecutively underwent bariatric surgery from February through December 2015, was conducted. NAFLD was assessed through histological examination of liver biopsies and correlated with the values of HOMA, TyG, and TG/HDL-c and their respective cutoff points for insulin resistance (IR). RESULTS: xThe prevalence of liver steatosis was 68.5%; the affected individuals presented significantly higher fasting glucose levels (p < 0.01) and hemoglobin A1c (p < 0.01), and a significantly higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (p < 0.001). Fibrosis occurred in 66.3% of the individuals and was significantly associated with higher levels of HbA1c (p < 0.05) and a higher prevalence of T2DM (p < 0.05). Steatohepatitis was present in 64% of the individuals and was significantly associated with older age (p < 0.05), higher levels of fasting glucose (p < 0.05), and a higher prevalence of T2DM (p < 0.001). After Bonferroni's adjustment, T2DM was significantly correlated with fibrosis (p < 0.01) and steatohepatitis (p < 0.001) and older age was significantly correlated with fibrosis (p < 0.05). T2DM was the only variable independently associated with fibrosis and steatohepatitis (p < 0.05 in both cases). CONCLUSION: T2DM was a significant predictor of NAFLD features among individuals undergoing bariatric surgery; higher Hb A1c was correlated with fibrosis. T2DM was independently associated with fibrosis and steatohepatitis. HOMA, TyG, and TG/HDL-c ratio did not present significant associations with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Triglicerídeos/sangue
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