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1.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 22(18): 5995-8, 2012 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22902653

RESUMO

A series of aminothiazoles that are potent inhibitors of LIM kinases 1 and 2 is described. Appropriate choice of substituents led to molecules with good selectivity for either enzyme. An advanced member of the series was shown to effectively interfere with the phosphorylation of the LIM kinases substrate cofilin. Consistent with the important role of the LIM kinases in regulating cytoskeletal structure, treated cells displayed dramatically reduced F-actin content.


Assuntos
Fatores de Despolimerização de Actina/metabolismo , Quinases Lim/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Quinases Lim/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química
2.
J Med Chem ; 55(7): 3036-48, 2012 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22409629

RESUMO

Previously disclosed dihydropyrazolopyrimidines are potent and selective blockers of I(Kur) current. A potential liability with this chemotype is the formation of a reactive metabolite which demonstrated covalent binding to protein in vitro. When substituted at the 2 or 3 position, this template yielded potent I(Kur) inhibitors, with selectivity over hERG which did not form reactive metabolites. Subsequent optimization for potency and PK properties lead to the discovery of ((S)-5-(methoxymethyl)-7-(1-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-6-yl)((S)-2-(3-methylisoxazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)methanone (13j), with an acceptable PK profile in preclinical species and potent efficacy in the preclinical rabbit atrial effective refractory period (AERP) model.


Assuntos
Canal de Potássio Kv1.5/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Animais , Cães , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/fisiologia , Humanos , Pirazóis/farmacocinética , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Coelhos , Ratos , Período Refratário Eletrofisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Med Chem ; 54(1): 54-66, 2011 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21128601

RESUMO

A kinome-wide selectivity screen of >20000 compounds with a rich representation of many structural classes has been completed. Analysis of the selectivity patterns for each class shows that a broad spectrum of structural scaffolds can achieve specificity for many kinase families. Kinase selectivity and potency are inversely correlated, a trend that is also found in a large set of kinase functional data. Although selective and nonselective compounds are mostly similar in their physicochemical characteristics, we identify specific features that are present more frequently in compounds that bind to many kinases. Our results support a scaffold-oriented approach for building compound collections to screen kinase targets.


Assuntos
Fosfotransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfotransferases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/química , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/química , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Ligação Proteica , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/química
4.
J Med Chem ; 53(23): 8241-51, 2010 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21073190

RESUMO

A series of 2,2-dimethyl-3,3-diphenyl-propanamides as novel glucocorticoid receptor modulators is reported. SAR exploration led to the identification of 4-hydroxyphenyl propanamide derivatives displaying good agonist activity in GR-mediated transrepression assays and reduced agonist activity in GR-mediated transactivation assays. Compounds 17 and 30 showed anti-inflammatory activity comparable to prednisolone in the rat carrageenan-induced paw edema model, with markedly decreased side effects with regard to increases in blood glucose and expression of hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase. A hypothetical binding mode accounting for the induction of the functional activity by a 4-hydroxyl group is proposed.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Amidas/química , Animais , Modelos Moleculares , Ratos
5.
J Med Chem ; 53(9): 3814-30, 2010 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20405922

RESUMO

Leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), also known as CD11a/CD18 or alpha(L)beta(2), belongs to the beta(2) integrin subfamily and is constitutively expressed on all leukocytes. The major ligands of LFA-1 include three intercellular adhesion molecules 1, 2, and 3 (ICAM 1, 2, and 3). The interactions between LFA-1 and the ICAMs are critical for cell adhesion, and preclinical animal studies and clinical data from the humanized anti-LFA-1 antibody efalizumab have provided proof-of-concept for LFA-1 as an immunological target. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel second generation series of highly potent spirocyclic hydantoin antagonists of LFA-1. With significantly enhanced in vitro and ex vivo potency relative to our first clinical compound (1), as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable pharmacokinetic and safety profile, 6-((5S,9R)-9-(4-cyanophenyl)-3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1,3,7-triazaspiro-[4.4]nonan-7-yl)nicotinic acid (2e) was selected to advance into clinical trials.


Assuntos
Hidantoínas/farmacocinética , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Nicotínicos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Hidantoínas/farmacologia , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/química , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/imunologia , Ácidos Nicotínicos/toxicidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 19(18): 5469-73, 2009 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19665893

RESUMO

Dihydropyrazolopyrimidines with a C6 heterocycle substituent were found to have high potency for block of K(V)1.5. Investigation of the substitution in the benzimidazole ring and the substituent in the 5-position of the dihydropyrazolopyrimidine ring produced 31a with an IC50 for K(V)1.5 block of 0.030muM without significant block of other cardiac ion channels. This compound also showed good bioavailability in rats and robust pharmacodynamic effects in a rabbit model.


Assuntos
Canal de Potássio Kv1.5/antagonistas & inibidores , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Canal de Potássio Kv1.5/metabolismo , Camundongos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/química , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/farmacocinética , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Coelhos , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Anal Biochem ; 392(1): 59-69, 2009 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19497292

RESUMO

Eg5 is a kinesin whose inhibition leads to cycle arrest during mitosis, making it a potential therapeutic target in cancers. Circular dichroism and isothermal titration calorimetry of our pyrrolotriazine-4-one series of inhibitors with Eg5 motor domain revealed enhanced binding in the presence of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP). Using this information, we studied the interaction of this series with ADP-Eg5 complexes using a thermal shift assay. We measured up to a 7 degrees C increase in the thermal melting (T(m)) of Eg5 for an inhibitor that produced IC(50) values of 60 and 130 nM in microtubule-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and cell-based cytotoxicity assays, respectively. In general, the inhibitor potency of the pyrrolotriazine-4-one series in in vitro biological assays correlated with the magnitude of the thermal stability enhancement of ADP-Eg5. The thermal shift assay also confirmed direct binding of Eg5 inhibitors identified in a high-throughput screen and demonstrated that the thermal shift assay is applicable to a range of chemotypes and can be useful in evaluating both potent (nM) and relatively weakly binding (microM) leads. Overall, the thermal shift assay was found to be an excellent biophysical method for evaluating direct binding of a large number of compounds to Eg5, and it complemented the catalytic assay screens by providing an alternative determination of inhibitor potency.


Assuntos
Bioquímica/métodos , Cinesina/química , Pirróis/análise , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/análise , Triazinas/química , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Calorimetria , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dicroísmo Circular , Humanos , Cinesina/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Desnaturação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Temperatura Ambiente
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 19(8): 2139-43, 2009 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19321341

RESUMO

A series of dihydro-9,10-ethano-anthracene-11-carboxamides as novel glucocorticoid receptor modulators is reported. SAR exploration identified compounds from this series displaying a promising dissociation profile in discriminating between transrepression and transactivation activities. 17a is a partial agonist of GR-mediated transactivation which elicits potent and efficacious transrepression in reporter gene assays. A hypothetical binding mode is provided which accounts for the induction of functional activity by a bridgehead methyl group.


Assuntos
Antracenos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Antracenos/química , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Glucocorticoides/química , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/fisiologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
J Med Chem ; 51(19): 6225-9, 2008 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18771253

RESUMO

Fragment-like inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) include 5-hydroxyisoquinoline (IC50 approximately 85 microM). Modeling studies identified four possible binding modes for this compound. Two-dimensional (1)H-(1)H NOESY data obtained with selectively protonated samples of MK2 in complex with 5-hydroxyisoquinoline demonstrated that two of the four predicted binding modes are well populated. A second small isoquinoline was subsequently shown to bind in a single mode. NMR and modeling studies using this general approach are expected to facilitate "scaffold hopping" and structure-guided elaborations of fragment-like kinase inhibitor cores.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Isoquinolinas/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/normas , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Prótons , Padrões de Referência , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(15): 4438-41, 2008 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18619839

RESUMO

This study reports the identification and Hits to Leads optimization of inhibitors of coactivator associated arginine methyltransferase (CARM1). Compound 7b is a potent, selective inhibitor of CARM1.


Assuntos
Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Técnicas de Química Combinatória , Estrutura Molecular , Pirazóis/química , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1945-51, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18289854

RESUMO

An amide library derived from the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine scaffold led to the identification of modest inhibitors of Met kinase activity. Introduction of polar side chains at C-6 of the pyrrolotriazine core provided significant improvements in in vitro potency. The amide moiety could be replaced with acylurea and malonamide substituents to give compounds with improved potency in the Met-driven GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma cell line. Acylurea pyrrolotriazines with substitution at C-5 demonstrated single digit nanomolar kinase activity. X-ray crystallography revealed that the C-5 substituted pyrrolotriazines bind to the Met kinase domain in an ATP-competitive manner.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/química , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Triazinas/química , Animais , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/antagonistas & inibidores , Glutationa Transferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
J Biomol Screen ; 12(2): 276-84, 2007 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17272827

RESUMO

Among the several goals of a high-throughput screening campaign is the identification of as many active chemotypes as possible for further evaluation. Often, however, the number of concentration response curves (e.g., IC(50)s or K(i)s) that can be collected following a primary screen is limited by practical constraints such as protein supply, screening workload, and so forth. One possible approach to this dilemma is to cluster the hits from the primary screen and sample only a few compounds from each cluster. This introduces the question as to how many compounds must be selected from a cluster to ensure that an active compound is identified, if it exists at all. This article seeks to address this question using a Monte Carlo simulation in which the dependence of the success of sampling is directly linked to screening data variability. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate that the use of replicated compounds in the screening collection can easily assess this variability and provide a priori guidance to the screener and chemist as to the extent of sampling required to maximize chemotype identification during the triage process. The individual steps of the Monte Carlo simulation provide insight into the correspondence between the percentage inhibition and eventual IC(50) curves.


Assuntos
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Proteínas Quinases/análise , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/análise , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/análise , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Biotinilação , Análise por Conglomerados , Simulação por Computador , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Fluoresceína , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Método de Monte Carlo , Poliestirenos/química , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/antagonistas & inibidores , Amostragem , Contagem de Cintilação/métodos , Desenho de Programas de Computador , Espectrofotometria , Aglutininas do Germe de Trigo/química
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 17(7): 1908-11, 2007 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17291752

RESUMO

A new class of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) antagonists is described. Elaboration of the 2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizin-5(7aH)-one scaffold resulted in the synthesis of potent inhibitors of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction. Along with the in vitro activity, we present the X-ray crystal structure of the complex of compound 9b, in a novel binding mode to the I-domain of LFA-1.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/química , Pirróis/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Modelos Químicos , Conformação Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Raios X
18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 17(3): 679-82, 2007 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17098428

RESUMO

The design, synthesis, and SAR studies of 'core' variations led to identification of novel, selective, and potent small molecule antagonist (22) of the CC chemokine receptor-4 (CCR4) with improved in vitro activity and liability profile. Compound 22 was efficacious in a murine allergic inflammation model (ED50 approximately 10 mg/kg).


Assuntos
Receptores de Quimiocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Compostos de Benzil/síntese química , Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Quimiotaxia/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Indicadores e Reagentes , Camundongos , Ovalbumina , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolinas/síntese química , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Receptores CCR4 , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/tratamento farmacológico , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 16(4): 989-94, 2006 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16297617
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