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1.
Swiss Dent J ; 132(9)2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536041

RESUMO

Periapical tissue may be exposed to root canal filling materials in consequence of root canal therapy. There is scant scientific data about the biocompatibility of root canal filling materials of various chemistry on the periapical area. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different root canal sealers and their eluates on human alveolar osteoblasts in terms of cell proliferation, adhesion, morphology and gene expression in vitro. Five endodontic sealers (AH Plus®, Apexit®, Tubli-Seal®, Real Seal SE®, EndoRez®) and one gutta-percha obturation material (BeeFill®) were tested. Human alveolar osteoblasts derived from 3 different donors following incubation with sealer eluates after 24 h and 72 h were investigated by means of qPCR (gene expression). Morphological reactions of the alveolar osteoblasts were measured by culturing the cells for 3 d, and 7 d and 14 d, respectively, followed by scanning electron microscopy (morphology, adhesion) and fluorescence imaging of the actin cytoskeleton (morphology, proliferation). A repeated measures analysis was performed and p-values were adjusted by Tukey. While all sealers influenced the cell morphology and the expression of genes associated with apoptosis (Casp3), proliferation (histone H3), and inflammation (interleukin-6 and matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 3), mainly AH Plus® and Apexit® yielded a regular actin cytoskeleton and beneficial gene expression patterns. Regarding cell adhesion, only AH Plus® supported proper anchorage for alveolar osteoblasts. Our results provide evidence for the biocompatibility of epoxy resin-based endodontic sealers, i.e. AH Plus®, while other sealers proved cytotoxic for alveolar osteoblasts. Further studies are needed for understanding the bone cell reactions after endodontic treatment and the clinical decision-making regarding the sealer of choice for root canal fillings.

2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4022, 2022 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35256737

RESUMO

A previous randomised controlled trial showed that an anti-inflammatory diet (AID) significantly reduced gingival inflammation despite constant plaque values. This exploratory study investigated the role of serum fatty acids in relation to the observed clinical effects. Therefore, data of thirty participants with gingivitis, following either a pro-inflammatory dietary pattern (PID) rich in saturated fat, omega 6 fatty acids, and refined carbohydrates or an AID for 4 weeks, were correlated with corresponding serum samples for a variety of fatty acids. Changes in the fatty acid profile and effects on clinical periodontal parameters were analysed. Results showed that the polyunsatured:saturated fatty acids ratio (PUFA:SFA ratio) and nervonic acid level were significantly higher in the AID group than in the PID group at the end of the study. Significant intragroup differences were seen only in the AID group. Diverse fatty acids showed heterogeneous relations to clinical parameters. This study demonstrated that the serum fatty acid profile was not fundamentally associated with the clinical gingivitis-lowering effects of an AID in short-term, although some fatty acids showed individual relations to clinical parameters with respect to inflammation. Hence, short-term effects of dietary therapy on gingivitis may be rather based on carbohydrate-related effects and/or micronutrients.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Gengivite , Anti-Inflamatórios , Dieta , Gorduras na Dieta , Ácidos Graxos , Humanos , Inflamação
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 70, 2022 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated clinical parameters using a new air-polishing device compared to sonic scaling for subgingival biofilm removal during supportive periodontal therapy. The aim was to evaluate noninferiority of air-polishing compared to sonic scaling in deeper periodontal pockets with respect to pocket depth (PD). METHODS: In 44 participants, 2 single-rooted teeth [(PD) ≥ 5 mm] were treated using a split-mouth design. While a new air polishing device with a conical shaped tip was used for the experimental group, sonic scaling was performed in the control group. PD, clinical attachment level (CAL), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded at baseline, (T0) after 3 months (T1) and 6 months (T2). Pain perception was rated using a visual analog scale (VAS; 0 = no pain, 100 = maximum pain). RESULTS: PD and CAL decreased significantly for both groups, while no intergroup differences were found (PD [mean, mm] control T0 5.96, T2 4.75; experimental T0 5.96, T2 4.8; intergroup p = 0.998; CAL [mean, mm] control T0 7.38, T2 5.84; experimental T0 7.28, T2 6.34; intergroup p = 0.368). For BOP, no intergroup differences were found from T0 to T2 (reduction control 42.5%; experimental 46.5% p = 0.398). Pain perception was significantly lower for air polishing (VAS [mean, mm] control 28.8, experimental 12.56; p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: None of the two treatment procedures showed inferior clinical effects with regard to PD, CAL and BOP with air polishing being more comfortable to patients. Trial registration The study was registered in an international trial register on August 14/08/2019, before the start of recruitment (German Clinical Trial Register number DRKS00017844).


Assuntos
Polimento Dentário , Trealose , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Raspagem Dentária/métodos , Humanos , Bolsa Periodontal/tratamento farmacológico , Pós/uso terapêutico , Trealose/uso terapêutico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular surgery has become a standardized technique for reconstruction of large tissue defects in Head and Neck Reconstructive Surgery. However, the main dreaded complications are thrombosis of blood vessels or major bleeding after surgery. Several different anticoagulation protocols have been established in the last decades to overcome these problems with varying degrees of success. METHODS: Over a period of six years, a standardized anticoagulation protocol including acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) for direct intraoperative and postoperative administration was established, optimized and compared to a previously used non-standardized protocol. A total of 178 flap surgeries were included in the development and optimization process of the protocol. RESULTS: ASA significantly increased the risk of complications when used for longer than 72 h (OR = 2.52; p = 0.002; 95% CI 1.39-4.59). Administration of UFH reduced flap loss (bolus: OR 0.68; p = 0.47; 95% CI 0.24-1.93; continuous UFH administration: OR = 0.61; p = 0.33; 95% CI 0.22-1.66), however doses greater than 500 IU/ h of UFH as continuous infusion increased the risk of complications. Reduction in ischemia time had no effect on the occurrence of complications. CONCLUSION: Anticoagulation regimes in microvascular surgery can influence the postoperative complication rate. The optimal protocol should consist of a combination of ASA and UFH for the intraoperative and direct postoperative phase. Prolonged administration of ASA as well as doses >500 IU/ h of UFH are to be avoided due to the increased complication rate.

5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2022 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the last few decades, there has been a growing worldwide interest in the use of plant extracts for the prevention of oral diseases. The main focus of this interest lies in the identification and isolation of substances that limit the formation of microbial biofilm which plays a major role in the development of caries, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis. In this clinical ex vivo study, we investigated the antimicrobial effects of Rosmarinus officinalis extract against oral microorganisms within in situ initial oral biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial in situ biofilm samples (2 h) from six healthy volunteers were treated ex vivo with R. officinalis extract at concentrations of 20 mg/ml and 30 mg/ml. The number of viable bacterial cells was determined by counting the colony-forming units. All surviving bacteria were isolated in pure cultures and identified using MALDI-TOF and biochemical testing procedures. Additionally, live/dead staining in combination with epifluorescence microscopy was used for visualizing the antimicrobial effects in the initial biofilms. RESULTS: The number of colony-forming units in the R. officinalis-treated biofilms was significantly lower than in the untreated controls (p < 0.001). The reduction range of log10 was 1.64-2.78 and 2.41-3.23 for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, respectively. Regarding the bacterial composition, large intra- and interindividual variability were observed. Except for Campylobacter spp., the average amount of all bacterial taxa was lower after treatment with R. officinalis than in the untreated biofilms. A total of 49 different species were detected in the untreated biofilms, while only 11 bacterial species were detected in the R. officinalis-treated biofilms. Live/dead staining confirmed that the R. officinalis-treated biofilms had significantly lower numbers of surviving bacteria than the untreated biofilms. CONCLUSIONS: The treatment with R. officinalis extract has a significant potential to eliminate microbial oral initial biofilms. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The results of this study encourage the use of R. officinalis extracts in biofilm control and thus in the treatment of caries and periodontitis as a herbal adjuvant to synthetic substances.

6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The persistence of pathogenic microorganisms in root canals is the most common reason for the failure of root canal treatment and the necessity of a root filling treatment, which results in an uncertain prognosis due to technical complexity and the variety of highly adaptable microorganisms. This study evaluated the effect of passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) on the outcome of the microbial analysis of root canal-treated teeth with persistent or recurrent apical inflammation in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample collection was performed after root filling removal (sample S1, control group) and after PUI with NaCl (sample S2) using sterile paper points. In total, 19 samples were obtained. Quantification was performed by means of serial dilution of the samples. Subcultivated pure cultures were identified using MALDI-TOF MS complemented by the Vitek-2-System or PCR, followed by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. The results of the samples (S1 and S2) were evaluated regarding their bacterial count and composition. RESULTS: The total count of bacteria and the number of aerobic/facultative anaerobic microorganisms significantly increased in the S2-samples after application of PUI. The number of obligate anaerobic microorganisms showed an increase after PUI, although it was not significant. We detected 12 different aerobic/facultative anaerobic microorganisms before PUI, and in 21 cases after PUI. Two different obligate anaerobic microorganisms were found in S1 samples compared to nine different species in S2 samples. CONCLUSIONS: PUI is a powerful method for detaching bacteria in infected root canals and enables a more precise analysis of the etiology of persistent endodontic infections. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study indicates that PUI exerts a positive cleansing effect and adds to the accessibility of microorganisms during the application of bactericidal rinsing solution in root canal treatments.

7.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264306, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202439

RESUMO

Many preventive approaches in dentistry aim to improve oral health through behavioural instruction or intervention concerning oral health behaviour. However, it is still unknown which factors have the highest impact on oral health behaviours, such as toothbrushing or regular dental check-ups. Various external and internal individual factors such as education, experience with dentists or influence by parents could be relevant. Therefore, the present observational study investigated the influence of these factors on self-reported oral heath behaviour. One hundred and seventy participants completed standardized questionnaires about dental anxiety (Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), and dental self-efficacy perceptions (dSEP)). They also answered newly composed questionnaires on oral hygiene behaviours and attitudes, current and childhood dental experiences as well as parental oral hygiene education and care. Four independent factors, namely attitude towards oral hygiene, attitude towards one's teeth, sense of care and self-inspection of one's teeth were extracted from these questionnaires by rotating factor analysis. The results of the questionnaires were correlated by means of linear regressions. Dental anxiety was related to current negative emotions when visiting a dentist and negative dental-related experiences during childhood. High DAS scores, infantile and current negative experiences showed significant negative correlations with the attitude towards oral hygiene and one's teeth. Dental anxiety and current negative dental experiences reduced participants' dental self-efficacy perceptions as well as the self-inspection of one's teeth. While parental care positively influenced the attitude towards one's teeth, dental self-efficacy perceptions significantly correlated with attitude towards oral hygiene, self-inspection of one's teeth and parental care. Dental anxiety, dental experiences, parents' care for their children's oral hygiene and dental self-efficacy perceptions influence the attitude towards oral hygiene and one's own oral cavity as well as the autonomous control of one's own dental health. Therefore, oral hygiene instruction and the development of patient-centred preventive approaches should consider these factors.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Escovação Dentária , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263722, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35167618

RESUMO

Detecting and monitoring dental plaque is an important issue in research and clinical practice. In this context, new digital imaging methods that permit permanent documentation of the clinical findings could be promising tools. The aim of the study was therefore to investigate whether disclosed plaque can be reliably visualised on 2D and 3D images captured with digital intraoral imaging devices. Clinical examination was the reference method. Twenty subjects (27.5±1.2 years) were included and plaque was measured at three different stages: habitual plaque (T1), after 72 h without oral hygiene (T2) and after a subsequent habitual brushing exercise (T3). At each time point, plaque was disclosed followed by the clinical examination and capturing the 2D and 3D images (intraoral-camera CS 1500 and intraoral-scanner CS 3600; Carestream Dental, Germany). Plaque amounts were recorded on oral and vestibular surfaces of the Ramfjord-teeth (16, 21, 24, 36, 41, 44) using the Rustogi-modified-Navy-Plaque-Index (RMNPI) and expressed as percentage of plaque-containing RMNPI areas of all RMNPI areas. At T1, percentages (mean±SD) obtained from the clinical examination, 2D and 3D images were 62.2±10.6, 65.1±10.0 and 64.4±10.6 resp. increasing to 76.9±8.0, 77.9±8.6 and 77.5±9.4 resp. at T2. After toothbrushing (T3), values decreased to 56.3±11.1, 58.2±12.1 and 61.2±10.8 resp. All methods were able to show statistically significant changes in plaque amounts at the different time points with in part statistically significant but minor differences between them. The Bland-Altmann analysis revealed a good agreement between values from both 2D and 3D images with the clinical examination. The agreement of the scores obtained with the both image-based methods for the single RMNPI areas with the clinical examination was mainly classified as substantial to almost perfect. Amounts of plaque can be reliably detected and monitored on 2D images from an intraoral camera and on 3D images from an intraoral scanner.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fotografia Dentária , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(3)2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35161032

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to compare conventional to digital workflows of occlusal splint production regarding time efficiency, overall fit, and wear. Fifteen Michigan splints were fabricated with a conventional and digital method. The duration for the dentist's and the dental technician's workload was recorded. Subsequently, the overall fit was examined with a four-level score (1-4). Paired t-tests were used to compare the time results for the conventional and digital workflows and the sign test to compare the overall fit. The mean time (16 min 58 s) for computerized optical impressions was longer than for conventional impressions (6 min 59 s; p = 0.0001). However, the dental technician needed significantly less mean time for the digital splint production (47 min 52 s) than for the conventional (163 min 32 s; p = 0.001). The overall fit of the digitally-fabricated splints was significantly better compared to the conventionally-fabricated splints (p = 0.002). There was no impact of the different materials used in the conventional and digital workflow on the wear (p = 0.26). The results suggest that the digital workflow for the production of occlusal splints is more time efficient and leads to a better fit than the conventional workflow.

10.
J Clin Periodontol ; 49(2): 111-122, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818686

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 6-week Mediterranean diet (MD) intervention on gingival inflammatory and anthropometric parameters of patients with gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two participants were allocated to MD group (MDG) or control group (CG). After a 2-week equilibration period regarding dental care procedures, only MDG changed their diet to MD for 6 weeks, supported by a diet counselling. Gingival and anthropometric parameters were assessed at baseline (T0), Week 2 (T1, beginning of MD intervention), and Week 8 (T2). Adherence to MD was assessed by the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS); dietary behaviour was evaluated by the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults Food Frequency Questionnaire (DEGS-FFQ). RESULTS: Plaque values remained constant in both groups. Inflammatory periodontal and anthropometric parameters decreased in the MDG only (gingival index: T1 1.51 ± 0.21, T2 1.49 ± 0.24; bleeding on probing: T1 51.00 ± 14.65, T2 39.93 ± 13.74; body weight: T1 79.01 ± 15.62, T2 77.29 ± 17.00; waist circumference: T1 84.41 ± 10.1, T2 83.17 ± 10.47 (p < .05). MEDAS revealed a sufficient diet adherence for MDG. CONCLUSION: Within this study, gingival inflammatory parameters were significantly reduced by MD, whereas plaque parameters remained constant. The diet counselling achieved sufficient adherence with beneficial changes in weight loss and waist circumference.


Assuntos
Dieta Mediterrânea , Gengivite , Adulto , Peso Corporal , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 26(2): 254-262, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based method of promoting oral healthcare behaviour. Conventional training of MI is a time-consuming and costly aspect in the dental curriculum. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptance of a MI-blended learning programme for dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental students had to perform an interdisciplinary created "ecourse Motivational Interviewing in medical settings" (eMI-med). After completion, patient-student interviews were recorded and evaluated using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Code (MITI-d). Furthermore, the students' self-efficacy regarding smoking cessation and oral hygiene motivation was examined and the acceptance of the tool was enquired. RESULTS: Forty interviews with 25 different students were analysed with the MITI-d. Students showed high levels of MI-adherent behaviour (15.45 ± 6.98), open-ended questions (9.95 ± 6.90) and reflections (10.43 ± 8.85), which were comparable to previous classroom trainings. In addition, 90% of the students preferred e-learning over classroom teaching. Furthermore, the students' therapeutical self-efficacies were significantly increased by the programme. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, the created e-learning programme was able to equip dental students with basic knowledge and MI skills. Furthermore, learning MI through e-learning may heighten the self-efficacy of dental students regarding smoking cessation and oral hygiene promotion. Students showed a high acceptance of e-learning, preferring it over traditional learning.


Assuntos
Entrevista Motivacional , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Motivação , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Higiene Bucal
12.
Nutrients ; 13(12)2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34959780

RESUMO

Ketogenic diets (KDs) may be a helpful complement in the prevention of and therapy for several diseases. Apart from their non-cariogenic properties, it is still unclear how KDs affect oral parameters. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a KD on clinical periodontal parameters. Twenty generally healthy volunteers with an average age of 36.6 years underwent a KD for 6 weeks. Their compliance was monitored by measuring their urinary ketones daily and by keeping 7-day food records. Clinical oral parameters included plaque (PI), gingival inflammation (GI), a complete periodontal status (probing depths, bleeding on probing), and general physical and serologic parameters at baseline and after 6 weeks. The results showed a trend towards lower plaque values, but with no significant changes from baseline to the end of the study with regard to the clinical periodontal parameters. However, their body weight and BMI measurements showed a significant decrease. The regression analyses showed that the fat mass and the BMI were significantly positively correlated to periodontal inflammation, while HDL, fiber, and protein intake were negatively correlated to periodontal inflammation. The KD change did not lead to clinical changes in periodontal parameters in healthy participants under continued oral hygiene, but it did lead to a significant weight loss.


Assuntos
Índice de Placa Dentária , Dieta Cetogênica/métodos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice Periodontal , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Cetonas/urina , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Análise de Regressão , Perda de Peso
13.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261496, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937069

RESUMO

Clinical studies on the efficacy of sonic toothbrushes show inconsistent results, most studies have been conducted without sufficient supervision of appropriate toothbrush usage. Aims of the explorative clinical trial were therefore to investigate whether the usage of an activated sonic toothbrush reduces plaque more effectively than an inactivated one used as a manual toothbrush, and to which extent the correct use of such toothbrush plays a role in its efficacy. The clinical trial was designed as a video-controlled interventional study. Thirty participants (mean (±SD) age 22.9 (±2.5) years) were included, areas of interest were the buccal surfaces of the upper premolars and the first molar (partial mouth recording). Toothbrushing was performed without toothpaste in a single brushing exercise under four different conditions: switched off, habitually used as manual toothbrush, no instruction; switched on, habitually used as powered toothbrush, no instruction; switched off, used as manual toothbrush, instruction in the Modified Bass Technique; switched on, used as powered toothbrush, instruction in a specific technique for sonic toothbrushes. Brushing performance was controlled by videotaping, plaque was assessed at baseline (after 4 days without toothbrushing) using the Rustogi modified Navy-Plaque-Index and planimetry. Main study results were that plaque decreased distinctly after habitual brushing regardless of using the sonic brush in ON or OFF mode (p for all comparisons < 0.001). After instruction, participants were able to use the sonic brush in ON mode as intended, with only minor impact on efficacy. Using the toothbrush in OFF mode with the Modified Bass Technique was significantly less effective than all other conditions (p for all comparisons < 0.001). Under the conditions used, the sonic toothbrush was not more effective when switched on than when switched off, and there was no evidence that the correct use of the toothbrush was more effective than the habitual use.


Assuntos
Índice de Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Adulto , Feminino , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Som , Escovação Dentária/métodos , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836285

RESUMO

Given the undesirable side effects of commercially used mouth rinses that include chemically synthesized antimicrobial compounds such as chlorhexidine, it is essential to discover novel antimicrobial substances based on plant extracts. The aim of this study was to examine the antimicrobial effect of Inula viscosa extract on the initial microbial adhesion in the oral cavity. Individual test splints were manufactured for the participants, on which disinfected bovine enamel samples were attached. After the initial microbial adhesion, the biofilm-covered oral samples were removed and treated with different concentrations (10, 20, and 30 mg/mL) of an I. viscosa extract for 10 min. Positive and negative controls were also sampled. Regarding the microbiological parameters, the colony-forming units (CFU) and vitality testing (live/dead staining) were examined in combination with fluorescence microscopy. An I. viscosa extract with a concentration of 30 mg/mL killed the bacteria of the initial adhesion at a rate of 99.99% (log10 CFU value of 1.837 ± 1.54). Compared to the negative control, no killing effects were determined after treatment with I. viscosa extract at concentrations of 10 mg/mL (log10 CFU value 3.776 ± 0.831; median 3.776) and 20 mg/mL (log10 CFU value 3.725 ± 0.300; median 3.711). The live/dead staining revealed a significant reduction (p < 0.0001) of vital adherent bacteria after treatment with 10 mg/mL of I. viscosa extract. After treatment with an I. viscosa extract with a concentration of 30 mg/mL, no vital bacteria could be detected. For the first time, significant antimicrobial effects on the initial microbial adhesion in in situ oral biofilms were reported for an I. viscosa extract.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Inula/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Boca/microbiologia , Antissépticos Bucais
15.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 104, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study investigates the change in the peri-implant bone level (PBL) during the 2nd decade of intraoral function in patients complying with a 'supportive implant therapy' (SIT) program. The results were statistically analyzed with respect to the implant abutment connection used. METHODS: In a private practice, only patients with 20-year SIT compliance were identified. Of these, all patients with 10- and 20-year radiographs available were selected. Therefore, no control group was possible and implant losses had to be excluded. Two experienced researchers assessed the peri-implant bone levels. As three different abutment connection concepts (bone-level butt-joint, bone-level conical and tissue-level conical) and two different implant surfaces (machined vs. roughened) were involved, statistical analyses were performed to detect potential differences. RESULTS: Ninety-three implants from 36 patients with 20-year SIT compliance and available radiographs were included in the study. At study baseline (10 years intraoral), a mean bone loss of - 1.7 mm (median - 1.2; standard deviation [sd] 1.4, range: 0 to - 7.2) was recorded. After 20 years, we found a mean bone loss of - 2.5 mm (median - 2.3, sd 1.79, range: - 0.5 to + 7.4). Furthermore, we found a mean bone loss of 0.8 mm in intraoral function from year 10 to year 20 (mean: 0.08 mm per year); this change was independent of the abutment connection type. CONCLUSIONS: During the 2nd decade of function, peri-implant bone loss in patients with SIT compliance might be small in value and should not be expected in all implants.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(7)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356795

RESUMO

Enterococcus faecalis is a microorganism that can be found in the oral cavity, especially in secondary endodontic infections, with a prevalence ranging from 24-70%. The increase in the ability to form biofilms in the presence of subinhibitory antibiotic concentrations is a phenomenon that is observed for a wide variety of bacterial pathogens and is associated with increased resistance. In this study, therefore, six E. faecalis isolates from an endodontic environment and two control strains were exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of Penicillin G, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Fosfomycin, Tetracycline and Vancomycin and examined for their biofilm formation abilities. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for all E. faecalis isolates. A culture of the isolate was mixed with a serial dilution series of the respective antibiotic, incubated overnight and the biofilm formation was analyzed using a microtiter plate assay. All isolates were able to form biofilms in the absence of an antibiotic. A significant increase in biofilm formation of up to more than 50% was found in the isolates exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of various antibiotics. Most isolates showed a significant increase in Fosfomycin (7/8), Doxycycline (6/8) and Tetracycline (6/8). Three endodontic isolates showed a significant increase in five of the antibiotics examined at the same time. On exposure to Vancomycin, three endodontic isolates and the two control strains showed an increase. The increase in the ability to form biofilms extended over a concentration range from 1/2 to 1/64 of the MIC concentration. Antibiotics may reach certain niches in the oral cavity at subinhibitory concentrations only. This can increase the biofilm formation by enterococci, and in turn lead to decreased susceptibility of these taxa to antibiotics.

17.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(7): 949-961, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847022

RESUMO

AIM: Comparison of the clinical efficacy (digitally volumetric, aesthetic, patient-centred outcomes) of tunnel technique (TUN) with subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) versus coronally advanced flap (CAF) with enamel matrix derivate (EMD) 5 years after gingival recession therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 18 patients contributing 36 RT1 recessions, study models were collected at baseline and follow-ups. Optical scans assessed recessions computer-assisted [recession depth, recession reduction (RECred), complete root coverage (CRC), percentage of root coverage (RC), pointwise (pTHK) and mean areal (aTHK) marginal soft tissue thickness]. Root coverage aesthetic Score (RES) was used for aesthetic evaluation and visual analogue scales for patient-centred data collection applied. RESULTS: Sixty months after surgery, 50.0% (TUN+CTG) and 0.0% (CAF+EMD) of sites showed CRC (p = 0.0118), 82.2% (TUN+CTG) and 32.0% (CAF+EMD) achieved RC, respectively (p = 0.0023). CTG achieved significantly better RECred (TUN+CTG: 1.75±0.74 mm; CAF+EMD: 0.50 ± 0.39 mm; p = 0.0009) and aTHK (TUN+CTG: 0.95 ± 0.41 mm; CAF+EMD: 0.26 ± 0.28 mm; p = 0.0013). RES showed superior outcomes (p = 0.0533) for TUN+CTG (6.86 ± 2.31) compared to CAF+EMD (4.63 ± 1.99). The study failed to find significant differences related to patient-centred outcomes (TUN+CTG: 8.30 ± 2.21; CAF+EMD: 7.50 ± 1.51; p = 0.1136). CONCLUSIONS: Five years after treatment, CTG resulted in better clinical and aesthetic outcomes than CAF+EMD. Increased THK was associated with improved outcomes for RECred and RC.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário , Retração Gengival , Tecido Conjuntivo , Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário/uso terapêutico , Estética Dentária , Gengiva/cirurgia , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Humanos , Tecnologia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(9)2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922688

RESUMO

A novel ceria-stabilized zirconia-alumina-aluminate composite (Ce-TZP-comp) that is not prone to aging presents a potential alternative to yttrium-stabilized zirconia for ceramic oral implants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term stability of a one-piece narrow-diameter implant made of Ce-TZP-comp. Implant prototypes with a narrow (3.4 mm) and regular (4.0 mm) diameter were embedded according to ISO 14801, and subgroups (n = 8) were subsequently exposed to dynamic loading (107 cycles, 98N) and/or hydrothermal treatment (aging, 85 °C). Loading/aging was only applied as a combined protocol for the 4.0 mm diameter implants. One subgroup of each diameter remained untreated. One sample was cross-sectioned from each subgroup and evaluated with a scanning electron microscope for phase-transformation of the lattice. Finally, the remaining samples were loaded to fracture. A multivariate linear regression model was applied for statistical analyses (significance at p < 0.05). All samples withstood the different loading/aging protocols and no transformation propagation was observed. The narrow diameter implants showed the lowest fracture load after combined loading/aging (628 ± 56 N; p < 0.01), whereas all other subgroups exhibited no significantly reduced fracture resistance (between 762 ± 62 and 806 ± 73 N; p > 0.05). Therefore, fracture load values of Ce-TZP-comp implants suggest a reliable intraoral clinical application in the anterior jaw regions.

19.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(5)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921981

RESUMO

The aim of this randomized, controlled clinical trial was to isolate and identify viable microorganisms in the saliva of study participants that continuously used a stannous and fluoride ion (F/Sn)-containing toothpaste and mouth rinse over a period of three years in comparison to a control group that used stannous ion free preparations (noF/Sn) over the same time period. Each group (F/Sn and noF/Sn) included 16 participants that used the respective oral hygiene products over a 36-month period. Stimulated saliva samples were collected at baseline (T0) and after 36 months (T1) from all participants for microbiological examination. The microbial composition of the samples was analyzed using culture technique, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry, and 16S rDNA Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). There were only minor differences between both groups when comparing the absolute values of viable microbiota and bacterial composition. The treatment with F/Sn led to a slight decrease in disease-associated and a slight increase in health-associated bacteria. It was shown that the use of stannous ions had no negative effects on physiological oral microbiota even after prolonged use. In fact, a stabilizing effect of the oral hygiene products containing stannous ions on the health-associated oral microbiota could be expected.

20.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902891

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The accuracy of intraoral scanners is a prerequisite for the fabrication of dental restorations in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) dentistry. While the precision of intraoral scanners has been investigated in vitro, clinical data on the accuracy of intraoral scanning (IOS) are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the accuracy of intraoral scanning with different devices compared with extraoral scanning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental appliance was fabricated for 11 participants and then scanned intraorally and extraorally with 3 different intraoral scanners and a reference scanner. Intraoral and extraoral scans were subdivided into complete-arch and short-span scans and compared with the reference scan to assess trueness. Repeated scans in each group were assessed for precision. RESULTS: Precision and trueness were higher for extraoral scans compared with intraoral scans, except for complete-arch scans with 1 intraoral scanner. The median precision of short-span scans was higher (extraoral: 22 to 29 µm, intraoral: 23 to 43 µm) compared with complete-arch scans (extraoral: 81 to 165 µm, intraoral: 80 to 198 µm). The median trueness of short-span scans (extraoral: 28 to 40 µm, intraoral: 38 to 47 µm) was higher than that of complete-arch scans (extraoral: 118 to 581 µm, intraoral: 147 to 433 µm) for intraoral and extraoral scanning. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoral conditions negatively influenced the accuracy of the scanning devices, which was also reduced for the complete-arch scans.

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