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2.
Prenat Diagn ; 39(11): 986-992, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uniparental disomy (UPD) testing is currently recommended during pregnancy in fetuses carrying a balanced Robertsonian translocation (ROB) involving chromosome 14 or 15, both chromosomes containing imprinted genes. The overall risk that such a fetus presents a UPD has been previously estimated to be around ~0.6-0.8%. However, because UPD are rare events and this estimate has been calculated from a number of studies of limited size, we have reevaluated the risk of UPD in fetuses for whom one of the parents was known to carry a nonhomologous ROB (NHROB). METHOD: We focused our multicentric study on NHROB involving chromosome 14 and/or 15. A total of 1747 UPD testing were performed in fetuses during pregnancy for the presence of UPD(14) and/or UPD(15). RESULT: All fetuses were negative except one with a UPD(14) associated with a maternally inherited rob(13;14). CONCLUSION: Considering these data, the risk of UPD following prenatal diagnosis of an inherited ROB involving chromosome 14 and/or 15 could be estimated to be around 0.06%, far less than the previous estimation. Importantly, the risk of miscarriage following an invasive prenatal sampling is higher than the risk of UPD. Therefore, we do not recommend prenatal testing for UPD for these pregnancies and parents should be reassured.

3.
J Med Genet ; 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of 16p13.11 duplications remains controversial while frequently detected in patients with developmental delay (DD), intellectual deficiency (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previously reported patients were not or poorly characterised. The absence of consensual recommendations leads to interpretation discrepancy and makes genetic counselling challenging. This study aims to decipher the genotype-phenotype correlations to improve genetic counselling and patients' medical care. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 16 013 patients referred to 12 genetic centers for DD, ID or ASD, and who had a chromosomal microarray analysis. The referring geneticists of patients for whom a 16p13.11 duplication was detected were asked to complete a questionnaire for detailed clinical and genetic data for the patients and their parents. RESULTS: Clinical features are mainly speech delay and learning disabilities followed by ASD. A significant risk of cardiovascular disease was noted. About 90% of the patients inherited the duplication from a parent. At least one out of four parents carrying the duplication displayed a similar phenotype to the propositus. Genotype-phenotype correlations show no impact of the size of the duplicated segment on the severity of the phenotype. However, NDE1 and miR-484 seem to have an essential role in the neurocognitive phenotype. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that 16p13.11 microduplications are likely pathogenic when detected in the context of DD/ID/ASD and supports an essential role of NDE1 and miR-484 in the neurocognitive phenotype. Moreover, it suggests the need for cardiac evaluation and follow-up and a large study to evaluate the aortic disease risk.

4.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(12): e27404, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216652

RESUMO

In high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB), the clinical significance of long-term minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for neuroblastoma mRNAs has not been investigated. We report long-term MRD follow-ups of four patients with HR-NB throughout the disease (diagnosis, remission, and relapse) and treatment course (chemotherapy, autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and donor lymphocyte and natural killer cell infusions). The results showed the stability of mRNA marker expression after different treatments and demonstrated their validity to predict relapse and assess therapeutic response. This opens up the possibility of investigating the utility of long-term molecular monitoring of MRD in prospective multicenter studies.

5.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 37(1): 100-106, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29680196

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Is sperm fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) useful to evaluate the risk of chromosomally unbalanced gametes in interchromosomal reciprocal insertion (IRI) carriers? How do these imbalances lead to recurrent miscarriages? DESIGN: This study reports a clinical and molecular study of a rare familial balanced IRI resulting in recurrent spontaneous miscarriage. Sperm FISH was performed to estimate the number of unbalanced gametes. RESULTS: A 31-year-old healthy male (proband) and his 28-year-old female partner were referred to the Genetics Department for three spontaneous miscarriages occurring during the first trimester of pregnancy. FISH analysis of the proband with the LSI TRA/D (14q11.2) and DiGeorge N25 (22q11.2) break-apart probes showed the presence of a balanced IRI between 14q11.2 and 22q11.2 chromosomal regions. This IRI was also identified in the proband's father. Sperm FISH with the same probes showed that more than 40% of gametes of the proband were unbalanced for either 14q11.2 or 22q11.2, despite normal sperm parameters. FISH analysis of a product of conception indicated that unbalanced gametes result in a non-viable fetus. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the value of sperm FISH analysis in improving genetic reproductive advice for IRI carriers. Disruption of critical genes through this rearrangement and their consequent functional impairment could result in recurrent miscarriages. In this case, several genes located in the 14q11.2 region, particularly RNase 3, would be good candidates to explain the lethality of the imbalances.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos , Meiose , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Gravidez , Análise do Sêmen , Translocação Genética
6.
Chromosoma ; 127(2): 247-259, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29238858

RESUMO

In the interphase cell nucleus, chromosomes adopt a conserved and non-random arrangement in subnuclear domains called chromosome territories (CTs). Whereas chromosome translocation can affect CT organization in tumor cell nuclei, little is known about how aneuploidies can impact CT organization. Here, we performed 3D-FISH on control and trisomic 21 nuclei to track the patterning of chromosome territories, focusing on the radial distribution of trisomic HSA21 as well as 11 disomic chromosomes. We have established an experimental design based on cultured chorionic villus cells which keep their original mesenchymal features including a characteristic ellipsoid nuclear morphology and a radial CT distribution that correlates with chromosome size. Our study suggests that in trisomy 21 nuclei, the extra HSA21 induces a shift of HSA1 and HSA3 CTs out toward a more peripheral position in nuclear space and a higher compaction of HSA1 and HSA17 CTs. We posit that the presence of a supernumerary chromosome 21 alters chromosome compaction and results in displacement of other chromosome territories from their usual nuclear position.

7.
NPJ Genom Med ; 2: 32, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263841

RESUMO

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a variety of clinical symptoms with heterogeneous degrees of severity, including intellectual disability (ID), absent or delayed speech, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It results from a deletion of the distal part of chromosome 22q13 that in most cases includes the SHANK3 gene. SHANK3 is considered a major gene for PMS, but the factors that modulate the severity of the syndrome remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated 85 patients with different 22q13 rearrangements (78 deletions and 7 duplications). We first explored the clinical features associated with PMS, and provide evidence for frequent corpus callosum abnormalities in 28% of 35 patients with brain imaging data. We then mapped several candidate genomic regions at the 22q13 region associated with high risk of clinical features, and suggest a second locus at 22q13 associated with absence of speech. Finally, in some cases, we identified additional clinically relevant copy-number variants (CNVs) at loci associated with ASD, such as 16p11.2 and 15q11q13, which could modulate the severity of the syndrome. We also report an inherited SHANK3 deletion transmitted to five affected daughters by a mother without ID nor ASD, suggesting that some individuals could compensate for such mutations. In summary, we shed light on the genotype-phenotype relationship of patients with PMS, a step towards the identification of compensatory mechanisms for a better prognosis and possibly treatments of patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.

8.
Oncotarget ; 8(44): 77540-77551, 2017 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29100407

RESUMO

Upregulation of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene in human cancers leads to telomerase activation, which contributes to the growth advantage and survival of tumor cells. Molecular mechanisms of TERT upregulation are complex, tumor-specific and can be clinically relevant. To investigate these mechanisms in breast cancer, we sequenced the TERT promoter, evaluated TERT copy number changes and assessed the expression of the MYC oncogene, a known transcriptional TERT regulator, in two breast cancer cohorts comprising a total of 122 patients. No activating TERT promoter mutations were found, suggesting that this mutational mechanism is not likely to be involved in TERT upregulation in breast cancer. The T349C promoter polymorphism found in up to 50% of cases was not correlated with TERT expression, but T349C carriers had significantly shorter disease-free survival. TERT gains (15-25% of cases) were strongly correlated with increased TERT mRNA expression and worse patient prognosis in terms of disease-free and overall survival. Particularly aggressive breast cancers were characterized by an association of TERT gains with MYC overexpression. These results evidence a significant effect of gene copy number gain on the level of TERT expression and provide a new insight into the clinical significance of TERT and MYC upregulation in breast cancer.

10.
J Pathol Clin Res ; 2(4): 234-246, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27785368

RESUMO

Dysfunctional telomeres and DNA damage repair (DDR) play important roles in cancer progression. Studies have reported correlations between these factors and tumour aggressiveness and clinical outcome in breast cancer. We studied the characteristics of telomeres and expression of ERCC1, a protein involved in a number of DNA repair pathways and in telomere homeostasis, to assess their prognostic value, alone or in combination, in 90 residual breast tumours after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). ERCC1 status was investigated at different molecular levels (protein and gene expression and gene copy-number variations) by immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR and quantitative multiplex fluorescent-PCR (QMF-PCR). A comprehensive analysis of telomere characteristics was performed using qPCR for telomere length and qRT-PCR for telomerase (hTERT), tankyrase 1 (TNKS) and shelterin complex (TRF1, TRF2, POT1, TPP1, RAP1 and TIN2) gene expression. Short telomeres, high hTERT and TNKS expression and low ERCC1 protein expression were independently associated with worse survival outcome. Interestingly, ERCC1 gains and losses correlated with worse disease-free (p = 0.026) and overall (p = 0.043) survival as compared to survival of patients with normal gene copy-numbers. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of all ERCC1 and telomere parameters identified four subgroups with distinct prognosis. In particular, a cluster combining low ERCC1, ERCC1 gene alterations, dysfunctional telomeres and high hTERT and a cluster with high TNKS and shelterin expression correlated with poor disease-free (HR= 5.41, p= 0.0044) and overall survival (HR= 6.01, p= 0.0023) irrespective of tumour stage and grade. This comprehensive study demonstrates that telomere dysfunction and DDR can contribute synergistically to tumour progression and chemoresistance. These parameters are predictors of clinical outcome in breast cancer patients treated with NCT and could be useful clinically as prognostic biomarkers to tailor adjuvant chemotherapy post-NCT.

11.
Oncotarget ; 7(35): 56976-56985, 2016 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27486974

RESUMO

In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), telomere dysfunction is associated with poor outcomes. TP53 is involved in cellular responses to dysfunctional telomeres, and its inactivation is the strongest adverse prognostic factor for CLL. Given the biological relationship between TP53 and telomeres, and their prognostic value, it is important to improve our understanding of the impact of TP53 alterations on telomeres. We performed a comprehensive study of the deletions and mutations of the TP53 gene and telomere parameters, including hTERT and the shelterin complex, in 115 CLL patients. We found that any type of TP53 alteration was associated with very short telomeres and high hTERT expression, independently of other biological CLL features. Patients with disrupted TP53 showed telomere deletions and chromosomal end-to-end fusions in cells with complex karyotypes. TP53 disruption was characterized by downregulation of shelterin genes. Interestingly, low expression of POT1, TPP1 and TIN2 was also found in some patients with wild-type TP53 and had an adverse impact on progression-free survival after standard genotoxic therapy. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that patients with disrupted TP53 have severe telomere dysfunction and high genomic instability. Thus, the telomeric profile could be tested as a biomarker in CLL patients treated with new therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Telômero/ultraestrutura , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aminopeptidases/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Dipeptidil Peptidases e Tripeptidil Peptidases/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Deleção de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Serina Proteases/metabolismo , Telomerase/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/metabolismo
12.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol ; 106(9): 793-7, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27346851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microdeletions encompassing chromosome bands 2q14.1q14.3 are rare. To date, eight reports of relatively large deletions of this region (∼20 Mb) but only two small deletions (<6 Mb) have been reported. These deletions can cause a variable phenotype depending on the size and location of the deletion. Cognitive disability, facial dysmorphism, and postnatal growth retardation are the most common phenotypic features. CASE: We report on a novel 5.8 Mb deletion of 2q14.1q14.3 identified by array comparative genomic hybridization in a fetus with severe intrauterine growth retardation and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. The deletion contained 24 coding genes including STEAP3, GLI2, and RNU4ATAC and was inherited from the mild affected mother. A sibling developmental delay and similar dysmorphic facial features was found to have inherited the same deletion. CONCLUSION: This case emphasizes the variable expressivity of the 2q14 microdeletion and reinforces the hypothesis that agenesis of corpus callosum, microcephaly, developmental delay, and distinctive craniofacial features may be part of the phenotypic spectrum characterizing the affected patients. We suggest that GLI2 is a dosage-sensitive gene that may be responsible for the agenesis of corpus callosum observed in the proband. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 106:793-797, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Agenesia do Corpo Caloso/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Proteína Gli2 com Dedos de Zinco
13.
Prenat Diagn ; 36(6): 523-9, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27018091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex chromosome aneuploidies are frequently detected fortuitously in a prenatal diagnosis. Most cases of 47, XXX and 47, XYY syndromes are diagnosed in this context, and parents are thus faced with an unexpected situation. The objective of the present study was to characterize a French cohort of prenatally diagnosed cases of 47, XXX and 47, XYY and to evaluate the termination of pregnancy (TOP) rate before and after France's implementation of multidisciplinary centres for prenatal diagnosis in 1997. METHODS: This retrospective study identified respectively 291 and 175 cases of prenatally diagnosed 47, XXX and 47, XYY between 1976 and 2012. For each case, the indication, maternal age, karyotype and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Most diagnoses of the two conditions were fortuitous. The occurrence of 47, XXX was associated with advanced maternal age. The overall TOP rate was higher for 47, XXX (22.9%) than for 47, XYY (14.6%), although this difference was not statistically significant. However, the TOP rates fell significantly after 1997 (from 41.1% to 11.8% for 47, XXX and from 25.8% to 6.7% for 47, XYY). CONCLUSION: The TOP rates after prenatal diagnoses of 47, XXX and 47, XYY fell significantly after 1997, following France's implementation of multidisciplinary centres for prenatal diagnosis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/epidemiologia , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/epidemiologia , Cariótipo XYY/epidemiologia , Aborto Induzido/tendências , Adulto , Amniocentese , Amostra da Vilosidade Coriônica , Cromossomos Humanos X , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Morte Fetal , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/diagnóstico , Transtornos dos Cromossomos Sexuais/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Cromossomo Sexual no Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico por imagem , Trissomia/diagnóstico , Cariótipo XYY/diagnóstico , Cariótipo XYY/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
S Afr Med J ; 105(10): 870-3, 2015 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26428596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fifty percent of spontaneous miscarriages (SMs) are attributed to chromosomal abnormalities. Cytogenetic analysis is an important tool for patient counselling and assessment of the risk of recurrence in future pregnancies. Conventional karyotyping has been the gold standard for chromosomal investigation of products of conception (POC), but it has limitations due to sample maceration, culture failure and maternal cell contamination. Molecular cytogenetic approaches have therefore been developed and found valuable in the cytogenetic investigation of these samples. The Prenatal BoBsTM and KaryoLite BoBsTM, based on the newly developed BACs-on-BeadsTM technology, have been described as reliable tests for rapid detection of aneuploidies in prenatal and POC samples, respectively. OBJECTIVE: To describe our clinical experience of routine screening of POC samples with Prenatal BoBsTM, the test used by our laboratory in France. METHODS: Seventeen samples collected at the University Hospital of Sidi Bel Abbès (Western Algeria) and a further 60 from the University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand (France) were analysed (19 chorionic villi from products of curettage, 12 placentas, 9 amniotic cells and 37 biopsy specimens). All were screened for the frequent aneuploidies (chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y) in addition to nine microdeletion/microduplication syndrome regions by Prenatal BoBsTM. Standard karyotyping was performed on 51 samples, but failed in 38 cases. RESULTS: Prenatal BoBsTM identified one trisomy 21 and one deletion of 17p13.3. Furthermore, it provided a conclusive result in cases of culture failure (n=38) and in samples with macerated tissue (n=19). The overall failure rate was 11.4%. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal BoBsTM is a promising technology that represents a fast, sensitive and robust alternative to routine screening for chromosomal abnormality in products of SM. Furthermore, it overcomes the limitations of conventional karyotyping and current molecular cytogenetic techniques.

16.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 146(1): 28-32, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26201711

RESUMO

Fetuses with increased nuchal translucency thickness (NT) are at increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities. In case of a normal karyotype, a minority of them may present with structural abnormalities or genetic syndromes, which may be related to submicroscopic chromosomal imbalances. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether MLPA screening of 21 syndromic and subtelomeric regions could improve the detection rate of small chromosomal aberrations in fetuses with increased NT and a normal karyotype. A total of 106 prenatal samples from fetuses with NT ≥ 99th centile and normal R- and G-banding were analyzed by MLPA for subtelomeric imbalances (SALSA P036 and P070) and 21 syndromic regions (SALSA P245). One sample showed a benign CNV (dup(8)pter, FBXO25 gene), and 1 patient was found to have a loss of 18 qter and a gain of 5 pter as a result of an unbalanced translocation. The incidence of cryptic pathogenic variants was <1% or 2.7% when only fetuses with other ultrasound abnormalities were taken into account. Submicroscopic imbalances in fetuses with increased NT may be individually rare, and genome-wide screening seems more likely to improve the diagnostic yield in these fetuses.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Duplicação Cromossômica , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Sondas de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Cariótipo , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Adulto Jovem
17.
Prenat Diagn ; 35(8): 801-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25962607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The implementation of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in prenatal testing for all patients has not achieved a consensus. Technical alternatives such as Prenatal BACs-on-Beads(TM) (PNBoBs(TM) ) have thus been applied. The aim of this study was to provide the frequencies of the submicroscopic defects detectable by PNBoBs(TM) under different prenatal indications. METHODS: A total of 9648 prenatal samples were prospectively analyzed by karyotyping plus PNBoBs(TM) and classified by prenatal indication. The frequencies of the genomic defects and their 95%CIs were calculated for each indication. RESULTS: The overall incidence of cryptic imbalances was 0.7%. The majority involved the DiGeorge syndrome critical region (DGS). The additional diagnostic yield of PNBoBs(TM) in the population with a low a priori risk was 1/298. The prevalences of DGS microdeletion and microduplication in the low-risk population were 1/992 and 1/850, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The constant a priori risk for common pathogenic cryptic imbalances detected by this technology is estimated to be ~0.3%. A prevalence higher than that previously estimated was found for the 22q11.2 microdeletion. Their frequencies were independent of maternal age. These data have implications for cell-free DNA screening tests design and justify prenatal screening for 22q11 deletion, as early recognition of DGS improves its prognosis.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Duplicação Cromossômica , Cariotipagem/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Transtornos Cromossômicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
J Int Bioethique Ethique Sci ; 26(3): 155-63, 268, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27356353

RESUMO

After defining the terms "perfect," "chromosomically" and "right" we discuss on the scope and terms of the right to a chromosomically perfect child. This right is it addressed to a target population or to the general population? What are the exams available and the means of diagnosis or screening to be implemented? The practice of genetic testing being highly controlled, some rules are then discussed. All over the paper, a reflection is proposed on what is allowed versus what is possible with reference to ethics.


Assuntos
Genética Médica/ética , Genética Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
19.
Am J Med Genet A ; 167A(1): 250-3, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25425496

RESUMO

Microdeletions of 17q12 encompassing TCF2 are associated with maturity-onset of diabetes of the young type 5, cystic renal disease, pancreatic atrophy, Mullerian aplasia in females and variable cognitive impairment. We report on a patient with a de novo 17q12 microdeletion, 1.8 Mb in size, associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The 5-year-old male patient presented multicystic renal dysplasia kidneys, minor facial dysmorphic features and skeletal anomalies, but neither developmental delay nor behavioral abnormalities. CDH has been previously associated with the 17q12 microdeletion syndrome only in one prenatal case. The present study reinforces the hypothesis that CDH is part of the phenotype for 17q12 microdeletion and that 17q12 encompasses candidate(s) gene(s) involved in diaphragm development. We suggest that PIGW, a gene involved in an early step of GPI biosynthesis, could be a strong candidate gene for CDH.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/genética , Pré-Escolar , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Facies , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome
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