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1.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 120(51): 29190-29201, 2016 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28058086

RESUMO

In biomedical applications, TiO2 nanoparticles are generally coated with polymers to prevent agglomeration, improve biocompatibility, and reduce cytotoxicity. Although the synthesis processes of such composite compounds are well established, there is still a substantial lack of information on the nature of the interaction between the titania surface and the organic macromolecules. In this work, the adsorption of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the TiO2 (101) anatase surface is modeled by means of dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D2) calculations. The two extreme limits of an infinite PEG polymer [-(OCH2CH2) n ], on one side, and of a short PEG dimer molecule [H(OCH2CH2)2OH], on the other, are analyzed. Many different molecular configurations and modes of adsorption are compared at increasing surface coverage densities. At low and medium coverage, PEG prefers to lay down on the surface, while at full coverage, the adsorption is maximized when PEG molecules bind perpendicularly to the surface and interact with each other through lateral dispersions, following a mushroom to brush transition. Finally, we also consider the adsorption of competing water molecules at different coverage densities, assessing whether PEG would remain bonded to the surface or desorb in the presence of the aqueous solvent.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(63): 12593-6, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154619

RESUMO

The surface-assisted synthesis of gold-organometallic hybrids on the Au(111) surface both by thermo- and light-initiated dehalogenation of bromo-substituted tetracene is reported. Combined X-ray photoemission (XPS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) data reveal a significant increase of the surface order when mild reaction conditions are combined with 405 nm light irradiation.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 130(27): 8690-5, 2008 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18597429

RESUMO

On the basis of experimental evidence and DFT calculations, we propose a simple yet viable way to stabilize and chemically activate gold nanoclusters on MgO. First the MgO surface is functionalized by creation of trapped electrons, (H (+))(e (-)) centers (exposure to atomic H or to H 2 under UV light, deposition of low amounts of alkali metals on partially hydroxylated surfaces, etc.); the second step consists in the self-aggregation of gold clusters deposited from the gas phase. The calculations show that the (H (+))(e (-)) centers act both as nucleation and activation sites. The process can lead to thermally stable gold cluster anions whose catalytic activity is enhanced by the presence of an excess electron.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 129(34): 10575-81, 2007 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17685526

RESUMO

Charge traps at the surface of oxide materials play a fundamental role in various chemical processes, such as the activation of supported metal clusters. In this study, combining electron paramagnetic resonance with cluster model DFT calculations, we show that excess electrons at the surface of MgO, CaO, and SrO polycrystalline materials can be generated by preparing weakly hydroxylated surfaces followed by deposition of small amounts of alkali metals. The residual OH groups present on specific sites of the partially dehydroxylated surface act as stable traps for electrons donated by the alkali metal (Na in this case) which forms a Na+ ion distant from the trapped electron. This process results in the formation of thermally stable (H+)(e-) color centers at the surface of the oxide. The procedure could be of interest for the stabilization and activation of supported metal nanoparticles with potential use in catalysis.

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