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1.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In established ischemic heart disease, the relationship between lipoprotein(a) and new cardiovascular events showed contradictory results. Our aim was to assess the relationship between lipoprotein(a) and very long-term recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) after an index episode of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We included 435 consecutive STEMI patients discharged from October 2000 to June 2003 in a single teaching center. The relationship between lipoprotein(a) at discharge and recurrent MI was evaluated through negative binomial regression and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 65 years (55-74 years), 25.5% were women, 34.7% were diabetic, and 66% had a MI of anterior location. Fibrinolysis, rescue, or primary angioplasty was performed in 215 (49.4%), 19 (4.4%), and 18 (4.1%) patients, respectively. The median lipoprotein(a) was 30.4 mg/dL (12-59.4 mg/dL). After a median follow-up of 9.6 years (4.1-15 years), 180 (41.4%) deaths and 187 MI in 133 (30.6%) patients were recorded. After a multivariate adjustment, the risk gradient of lipoprotein(a) showed a neutral effect along most of the continuum and only extreme higher values identified those at higher risk of recurrent MI (P = 0.020). Those with lipoprotein(a) values >95th percentile (≥135 mg/dL) showed a higher risk of recurrent MI (incidence rate ratio, 2.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.37-4.02; P = 0.002). Lipoprotein(a) was not related to the risk of mortality (P = 0.245). CONCLUSIONS: After an episode of STEMI, only extreme high values of lipoprotein(a) were associated with an increased risk of long-term recurrent MI.

2.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620907539, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undetectable high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) in a single determination upon admission may rule out acute coronary syndrome. We investigated undetectable hs-cTnT (

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(4): e014254, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067585

RESUMO

Background Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) improves symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in heart failure and iron deficiency. The mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to examine changes in myocardial iron content after FCM administration in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency using cardiac magnetic resonance. Methods and Results Fifty-three stable heart failure and iron deficiency patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous FCM or placebo in a multicenter, double-blind study. T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, noninvasive surrogates of intramyocardial iron, were evaluated before and 7 and 30 days after randomization using linear mixed regression analysis. Results are presented as least-square means with 95% CI. The primary end point was the change in T2* and T1 mapping at 7 and 30 days. Median age was 73 (65-78) years, with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, ferritin, and transferrin saturation medians of 1690 pg/mL (1010-2828), 63 ng/mL (22-114), and 15.7% (11.0-19.2), respectively. Baseline T2* and T1 mapping values did not significantly differ across treatment arms. On day 7, both T2* and T1 mapping (ms) were significantly lower in the FCM arm (36.6 [34.6-38.7] versus 40 [38-42.1], P=0.025; 1061 [1051-1072] versus 1085 [1074-1095], P=0.001, respectively). A similar reduction was found at 30 days for T2* (36.3 [34.1-38.5] versus 41.1 [38.9-43.4], P=0.003), but not for T1 mapping (1075 [1065-1085] versus 1079 [1069-1089], P=0.577). Conclusions In patients with heart failure and iron deficiency, FCM administration was associated with changes in the T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, indicative of myocardial iron repletion. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03398681.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959430

RESUMO

Low lymphocyte count, as a marker of inflammation and immunosuppression, may be useful for identifying frail patients. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between low-relative lymphocyte count (Lymph%) and frailty status in patients >65 years old with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and whether Lymph% is associated with morbimortality beyond standard prognosticators and frailty. In this prospective observational study, we included 488 hospital survivors of an episode of an ACS >65 years old. Total and differential white blood cells and frailty status were assessed at discharge. Frailty was evaluated using the Fried score at discharge and defined as Fried≥3. The independent association between Lymph% and Fried≥3 was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The associations between Lymph% with long-term all-cause mortality and recurrent admission were evaluated with Cox regression and shared frailty regression, respectively. The mean age of the sample was 78 ± 7 years and 41% were females. The median (interquartile range) of the Lymph% was 21% (15 to 27) and 41% showed Fried≥3. In multivariate analysis, Lymph% was inversely related to the odds of frailty with an exponential increase risk from values below 15% (p = 0.001). Likewise, Lymph% was inverse and independently associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality (p = 0.011), recurrent all-cause (p = 0.020), and cardiovascular readmissions (p = 0.024). In conclusion, in patients >65 years with a recent ACS, low Lymph% evaluated at discharge is associated with a higher risk of frailty. Low Lymph% was also associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality and recurrent admissions beyond standard prognosticators and Fried score.

7.
Am J Med ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal diuretic treatment strategy for patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction remains unclear. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) is a surrogate of fluid overload and a potentially valuable tool for guiding decongestion therapy. The aim of this study was to determine if a CA125-guided diuretic strategy is superior to usual care in terms of short-term renal function in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction at presentation. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 160 patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction into 2 groups (1:1). Loop diuretics doses were established according to CA125 levels in the CA125-guided group (n = 79) and in clinical evaluation in the usual-care group (n = 81). Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 72 and 24 hours were the co-primary endpoints, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 78 ± 8 years, the median amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was 7765 pg/mL, and the mean eGFR was 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73m2. Over 72 hours, the CA125-guided group received higher furosemide equivalent dose compared to usual care (P = 0.011), which translated into higher urine volume (P = 0.042). Moreover, patients in the active arm with CA125 >35 U/mL received the highest furosemide equivalent dose (P <0.001) and had higher diuresis (P = 0.013). At 72 hours, eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) significantly improved in the CA125-guided group (37.5 vs 34.8, P = 0.036), with no significant changes at 24 hours (35.8 vs 39.5, P = 0.391). CONCLUSION: A CA125-guided diuretic strategy significantly improved eGFR and other renal function parameters at 72 hours in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 15-20, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a marker of cell senescence. Age is a well-known determinant of GDF-15 levels, yet no study has analyzed the relationship between geriatric conditions and GDF-15. We hypothesize that geriatric conditions reflecting biological age might be stronger determinants of GDF-15 than chronological age in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 208 patients (mean age = 78.3 ±â€¯7.0 years) were included. Prior to discharge, a thorough geriatric assessment was performed and GDF-15 measured. Predictors of GDF-15 (transformed by its natural logarithm) were determined with linear regression. Furthermore, Cox regression was used for the analysis of all-cause mortality. The median follow-up was 728 days. RESULTS: Median GDF-15 concentration was 2432 pg/ml. In multivariate analysis, frailty (Fried score, p = 0.001), and comorbidity (Charlson index, p = 0.003) were independent determinants of lnGDF-15 while age was not significant (p = 0.17). Other covariates included in the model were male gender (p = 0.017), diabetes (p = 0.169), Killip class ≥2 (p = 0.046) and glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.001). The Fried score and Charlson index provided significant incremental value in the R2 model (0.362 vs 0.447; p = 0.0001). A total of 66 (32%) patients died. LnGDF-15 was a significant mortality predictor (HR = 1.82, 95% CI 1.12-2.94, p = 0.015) along with the Fried score (p = 0.013) and the Charlson index (p = 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric conditions are strong determinants of GDF-15 levels on top of age in acute coronary syndromes. Furthermore, GDF-15 was associated with mortality independently of geriatric status. Geriatric assessment and GDF-15 are complementary tools.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 291: 83-88, 2019 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common echocardiographic finding in patients with heart failure (HF), and its role in disease progression and prognosis stratification is becoming increasingly relevant in recent years. However, data regarding its association with the burden of HF-readmission is scarce. In this work, we sought to evaluate the association between TR severity and HF-related readmissions following a hospitalization for acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: We prospectively included a cohort of 2101 patients admitted with the diagnosis of AHF. TR severity was assessed using a multiparametric integrative approach, and classified as none, mild, moderate, and severe. We used negative binomial regression to identify the association between TR grade and HF-related recurrent admissions. The risk associated to severity of TR was expressed as incidence rate ratio (IRR). RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 2.53 years (IQR: 1.03-4.36), 978 (46.5%) patients died, and 1657 HF-readmissions occurred in 842 patients (40.0%). The proportion of patients with two or more admissions was 18.4%. The proportion of patients with moderate to severe TR was 17.2%. There was a stepwise increase in the incidence of readmissions from none to severe TR. After multivariable adjustment, only patients with severe TR were independently associated with higher risk of recurrent HF admissions (IRR = 1.34, CI 95%: 1.05-1.71; p = .019). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF, severe functional TR is independently associated with an increased risk of long-term recurrent HF hospitalizations.

10.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(4): 288-297, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4278

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: No se dispone de tratamientos farmacológicos que demuestren reducir la morbimortalidad asociada en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica conservada (IC-FEc). El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar si en pacientes con IC-FEc, el entrenamiento de la musculatura inspiratoria (EMI), la electroestimulación muscular funcional (EMF) o la combinación de ambas (EMI + EMF) puede mejorar la capacidad funcional, calidad de vida, parámetros de disfunción diastólica o biomarcadores a las 12 y 24 semanas. Métodos: Un total de 61 pacientes estables con IC-FEc (clase funcional de la New York Heart Association II-III) se aleatorizaron (1:1:1:1) a recibir un programa de 12 semanas de EMI, EMF, o EMI + EMF frente a tratamiento médico estándar (control). El objetivo primario fue evaluar el cambio en el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Los objetivos secundarios fueron los cambios en la calidad de vida, parámetros ecocardiográficos y biomarcadores. Se utilizó un modelo lineal mixto para comparar los cambios entre los diferentes grupos. Resultados: La edad media fue 74 +/- 9 años y la proporción de mujeres fue del 58%. El test de consumo máximo de oxígeno fue de 9,9 +/- 2,5ml/min/kg. A las 12 semanas, con respecto al grupo control, el incremento medio de consumo máximo de oxígeno fue de 2,98, 2,93 y 2,47 para EMI, EMF y EMI + EMF, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Este incremento se mantuvo a las 24 semanas (1,95, 2,08 y 1,56, respectivamente; p < 0,001). Resultados similares se observaron en la puntuación del cuestionario de calidad de vida (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: En los pacientes con IC-FEc e importante reducción de la capacidad funcional, tanto el EMI como la EMF se asocian con una marcada mejoría de la capacidad funcional y la calidad de vida


Introduction and objectives: Despite the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), there is currently no evidence-based effective therapy for this disease. This study sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or a combination of both (IMT + FES) improves 12- and 24-week exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarker profile, and quality of life in HFpEF. Methods: A total of 61 stable symptomatic patients (New York Heart Association functional class II-III) with HFpEF were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive a 12-week program of IMT, FES, or IMT + FES vs usual care. The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate change in peak exercise oxygen uptake at 12 and 24 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in quality of life, echocardiogram parameters, and prognostic biomarkers. We used a mixed-effects model for repeated-measures to compare endpoints changes. Results: Mean age and peak exercise oxygen uptake were 74 +/- 9 years and 9.9 +/- 2.5mL/min/kg, respectively. The proportion of women was 58%. At 12 weeks, the mean increase in peak exercise oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) compared with usual care was 2.98, 2.93, and 2.47 for IMT, FES, and IMT + FES, respectively (P < .001) and this beneficial effect persisted after 24 weeks (1.95, 2.08, and 1.56; P < .001). Significant increases in quality of life scores were found at 12 weeks (P < .001). No other changes were found. Conclusions: In HFpEF patients with low aerobic capacity, IMT and FES were associated with a significant improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life

11.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(4): 317-323, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4282

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: En el infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST, el ADN libre circulante podría originarse de los leucocitos activados en la lesión coronaria. El objetivo fue investigar la relación entre el ADN libre y la reperfusión coronaria. Métodos: Se incluyó a 116 pacientes, tratados con angioplastia primaria y tromboaspiración. Se cuantificó el ADN libre coronario (durante la aspiración) y periférico (al final del procedimiento), así como la troponina T ultrasensible y la mieloperoxidasa. El objetivo primario fue la no resolución del segmento ST (RST) (≥ 70%) y el secundario la ausencia de flujo Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 (TIMI 3) final. Resultados: Se obtuvo RST en 51 (44%) pacientes y flujo TIMI 3 en 97 (84%). Los pacientes sin RST y flujo TIMI 3 tuvieron un menor gradiente ADN libre periférico-coronario (p = 0,02 y p = 0,04, respectivamente). Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre (< 1,82 ng/ml) se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de no RST (65 frente al 30%; p = 0,001) y de falta de flujo TIMI 3 (21 frente al 3%; p = 0,05. Tras el ajuste multivariable, un gradiente de ADN libre pequeño fue predictivo de no RST (OR = 4,50; IC95%, 1,60-12,62; p = 0,004), en tanto que hubo una tendencia no significativa para el flujo TIMI 3 (p = 0,14). El ADN libre no se correlacionó con la troponina o la mieloperoxidasa. Conclusiones: Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre periférico-coronario, como expresión de una alta carga de ADN libre coronario, se asocia con no RST en el infarto agudo de miocardio. El ADN libre coronario podría reflejar la activación de los neutrófilos. La potencial contribución de este fenómeno al fracaso de la tromboaspiración requiere nuevos estudios


Introduction and objectives: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction might originate from hyperactivated leukocytes at the coronary lesion. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between cfDNA and coronary reperfusion. Methods: We studied 116 patients treated with primary angioplasty using thrombus aspiration. Coronary (during aspiration) and peripheral (at the end of the procedure) blood samples were drawn for cfDNA, as well as high-sensitivity troponin T and myeloperoxidase quantification. The primary endpoint was no ST-segment resolution (STR) (≥ 70%) and the secondary endpoint was lack of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 3 (TIMI 3). Results: ST-segment resolution was achieved in 51 (44%) patients and TIMI 3 flow in 97 (84%). Patients without STR and TIMI 3 flow had a smaller peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient (P = .02 and P = .04 respectively). A small cfDNA gradient (< 1.82 ng/mL) was associated with a higher rate of no STR (65% vs 30%; P = .001) and lack of TIMI 3 flow (21% vs 3%; P = .05). After multivariable adjustment, the small cfDNA gradient was predictive of no STR (OR, 4.50; 95%CI, 1.60-12.62; P = .004), while there was a nonsignificant trend for final TIMI 3 flow (P = .14). Cell-free DNA levels did not correlate with troponin T or myeloperoxidase. Conclusions: A small peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient, as an expression of high coronary cfDNA burden, is associated with no STR in acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary cfDNA might reflect neutrophil activation. Whether this phenomenon contributes to thrombus aspiration failure requires further study

12.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(12): 1117-1122, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) usually involves multiple overlapping stents implantation to cover long coronary segments. A higher rate of restenosis has been described with stent overlapping. Recently, new long tapered stents emerged as a potential tool for treating long coronary lesions. Feasibility of using these new devices for the CTO PCI has not been described. The aim of this work was to describe our initial experience with 50 and 60 mm-long tapered sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in CTO PCI. METHODS: We included 54 consecutive patients who underwent a CTO PCI and in whom an attempt to implant a 50 or 60 mm-long tapered SES was performed. Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were recorded. RESULTS: The median (IQR) age was 64 (58-73) years, and 45 (83.3%) patients were male. The tapered SES 50 and 60 mm-long was successfully implanted in 51 (94.4%) patients. In three patients, a 60 mm-long stent could not be implanted, and two or three overlapped shorter drug-eluting stents were deployed instead. An average of 1.4 ±â€¯0.6 stents per patient was implanted. A single stent was deployed in 32 (59.3%) patients. During a median follow-up of 330 (149-551) days, repeat PCI in the target vessel was performed in two patients. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the new BioMime Morph™ tapered SES for the treatment of CTO appears to be feasible in a high proportion of procedures. Further studies confirming the feasibility of this approach and its potential clinical advantages are needed.

13.
Eur J Intern Med ; 62: 48-53, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Charlson's is the most used comorbidity index. It comprises 19 comorbidities, some of which are infrequent in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), while some others are manifestations of cardiac disease rather than comorbidities. Our goal was to simplify comorbidity assessment in elderly non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 1 training (n = 920, 76 ±â€¯7 years) and 1 testing (n = 532; 84 ±â€¯4 years) cohorts. The end-point was all-cause mortality at 1-year follow-up. Comorbidities were assessed selecting those medical disorders other than cardiac disease that were independently associated with mortality by multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 130 (14%) patients died in the training cohort. Six comorbidities were predictive: renal failure, anemia, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic lung disease. The increase in the number of comorbidities yielded a gradient of risk on top of well-known clinical predictors: ≥3 comorbidities (27% mortality, HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.20-3.03, p = .006); 2 comorbidities (16% mortality, HR = 1.29, 95% CI 0.81-2.04, p = .30); and 0-1 comorbidities (7.6% mortality, reference category). The discrimination accuracy (C-statistic = 0.80) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .20) of the predictive model using the 6 comorbidities was comparable to the predictive model using the Charlson index (C-statistic = 0.80; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .70). Similar results were reproduced in the testing cohort (≥3 comorbidities: 24% mortality, HR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.25-4.49, p = .008; 2 comorbidities: 14% mortality, HR = 1.59, 95% CI 0.82-3.07, p = .20; 0-1 comorbidities: 7.5% reference category). CONCLUSION: A simplified comorbidity assessment comprising 6 comorbidities provides useful risk stratification in elderly patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 72(4): 317-323, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29655768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction might originate from hyperactivated leukocytes at the coronary lesion. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between cfDNA and coronary reperfusion. METHODS: We studied 116 patients treated with primary angioplasty using thrombus aspiration. Coronary (during aspiration) and peripheral (at the end of the procedure) blood samples were drawn for cfDNA, as well as high-sensitivity troponin T and myeloperoxidase quantification. The primary endpoint was no ST-segment resolution (STR) (≥ 70%) and the secondary endpoint was lack of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 3 (TIMI 3). RESULTS: ST-segment resolution was achieved in 51 (44%) patients and TIMI 3 flow in 97 (84%). Patients without STR and TIMI 3 flow had a smaller peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient (P = .02 and P = .04 respectively). A small cfDNA gradient (< 1.82 ng/mL) was associated with a higher rate of no STR (65% vs 30%; P = .001) and lack of TIMI 3 flow (21% vs 3%; P = .05). After multivariable adjustment, the small cfDNA gradient was predictive of no STR (OR, 4.50; 95%CI, 1.60-12.62; P = .004), while there was a nonsignificant trend for final TIMI 3 flow (P = .14). Cell-free DNA levels did not correlate with troponin T or myeloperoxidase. CONCLUSIONS: A small peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient, as an expression of high coronary cfDNA burden, is associated with no STR in acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary cfDNA might reflect neutrophil activation. Whether this phenomenon contributes to thrombus aspiration failure requires further study.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/metabolismo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos/fisiologia , Ativação Linfocitária/fisiologia , Masculino , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina T/metabolismo
15.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 72(4): 288-297, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29551699

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), there is currently no evidence-based effective therapy for this disease. This study sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or a combination of both (IMT + FES) improves 12- and 24-week exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarker profile, and quality of life in HFpEF. METHODS: A total of 61 stable symptomatic patients (New York Heart Association II-III) with HFpEF were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive a 12-week program of IMT, FES, or IMT + FES vs usual care. The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate change in peak exercise oxygen uptake at 12 and 24 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in quality of life, echocardiogram parameters, and prognostic biomarkers. We used a mixed-effects model for repeated-measures to compare endpoints changes. RESULTS: Mean age and peak exercise oxygen uptake were 74 ± 9 years and 9.9 ± 2.5mL/min/kg, respectively. The proportion of women was 58%. At 12 weeks, the mean increase in peak exercise oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) compared with usual care was 2.98, 2.93, and 2.47 for IMT, FES, and IMT + FES, respectively (P < .001) and this beneficial effect persisted after 6 months (1.95, 2.08, and 1.56; P < .001). Significant increases in quality of life scores were found at 12 weeks (P < .001). No other changes were found. CONCLUSIONS: In HFpEF patients with low aerobic capacity, IMT and FES were associated with a significant improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT02638961)..


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Ecocardiografia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Tamanho da Amostra , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 92(7): E512-E517, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal management strategy for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) still remains unclear, especially in the elderly population. The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcomes and predictors of morbi-mortality according to age in patients with a STEMI and MVD. METHODS: We prospectively included 381 consecutive patients with a STEMI who underwent primary angioplasty and showed MVD in the angiogram. 111 (29.1%) patients were older than 75 (≥75) years and 270 (70.9%) were younger than 75 (<75) years. The co-primary outcomes were the incidence of all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during follow-up. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 22 months, patients ≥75 years showed a higher incidence of all-cause mortality and MACE, as compared to younger patients. On multivariate analysis, incomplete revascularization (IR) was only an independent predictor of MACE (HR = 3.1, CI 95%:1.9-4.7; P = .02) in younger patients; whereas in the elderly group severely depressed ejection fraction was the unique independent predictor of MACE (HR = 2.7, CI 95%:1.5-4.8; P = .001). IR was not associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in any group. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the relevant prevalence of MVD in STEMI patients, as well as the difference in outcomes of an IR strategy between both age-groups, being only independently associated with MACE in younger patients. This finding supports that a routine complete revascularization (CR) strategy seems to be the best therapeutic option in younguer patients, whereas in the elderly population may not confer a clear clinical benefit during a long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Biomark Med ; 12(9): 987-999, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043644

RESUMO

AIM: We evaluated the relationship between iron deficiency (ID) and long-term mortality risk in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included 252 patients older than 65 years with ACS. Transferrin saturation (TSAT) and ferritin were collected before discharge. RESULTS: Mean age, hemoglobin and GRACE score were 78 ± 7 years, 12.4 ± 1.8 g/dl and 138.8 ± 25.3, respectively, 112(44.4%) patients were women, and 151(59.9%) presented ID. During the follow-up, 121 (48%) patients died. Mortality rates among TSAT quartiles were: 2.38, 1.60, 0.90 and 0.95 × 10 person-years for Q1TSAT to Q4TSAT, respectively (p < 0.001) and did not differ across ferritin quartiles (p = 0.601), whereas ID definition was borderline associated (p = 0.060). Adjusted TSAT levels remained inverse, nonlinearly associated with long-term mortality risk (p < 0.001), with an exponential increased-risk from values about 20% and below. CONCLUSION: Lower TSAT levels were independently associated with increased mortality risk in these patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Ferritinas/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Transferrina/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(6): 729-735, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29607528

RESUMO

Treatment with intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) has been shown to improve symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency. However, the underlying mechanisms for these beneficial effects remain undetermined. The aim of this study is to quantify cardiac magnetic resonance changes in myocardial iron content after administration of intravenous FCM in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency and contrast them with parameters of heart failure severity. This is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. Fifty patients with stable symptomatic heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, and iron deficiency will be randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous FCM or placebo. Intramyocardial iron will be evaluated by T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences before and at 7 and 30 days after FCM. After 30 days, patients assigned to placebo will receive intravenous FCM in case of persistent iron deficiency. The main endpoint will be changes from baseline in myocardial iron content at 7 and 30 days. Secondary endpoints will include the correlation of these changes with left ventricular ejection fraction, functional capacity, quality of life, and cardiac biomarkers. The results of this study will add important knowledge about the effects of intravenous FCM on myocardial tissue and cardiac function. We hypothesize that short-term (7 and 30 days) myocardial iron content changes after intravenous FCM, evaluated by cardiac magnetic resonance, will correlate with simultaneous changes in parameters of heart failure severity. The study is registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03398681).


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Férricos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Idoso , Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/fisiopatologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hematínicos/efeitos adversos , Hematínicos/metabolismo , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Maltose/administração & dosagem , Maltose/efeitos adversos , Maltose/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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