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1.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(11): 893-901, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6954

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: A menudo se excluye de los ensayos clínicos a los pacientes hemodinámica o eléctricamente vulnerables, por lo que escasea la información sobre el acceso vascular y el tratamiento antitrombótico óptimos. En este trabajo se estudia la evolución de los pacientes vulnerables con síndrome coronario agudo tratados invasivamente según el acceso fuera radial o femoral y el tratamiento fuera con bivalirudina o con heparina no fraccionada (HNF). MÉTODOS: El estudio MATRIX aleatorizó a 8.404 pacientes a acceso radial o femoral y a 7.213 pacientes a bivalirudina o a HNF. Se consideró vulnerables a 934 pacientes (11,1%) debido a clase Killip avanzada (808), parada cardiaca (168) o ambas a la vez (42). El objetivo primario compuesto a 30 días fueron los eventos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares mayores (MACE: muerte, infarto de miocardio e ictus) y los eventos clínicos adversos netos (NACE: MACE o hemorragia grave). RESULTADOS: El acceso radial, comparado con el femoral, redujo los MACE y NACE de modo similar en pacientes vulnerables y no vulnerables. El acceso radial se asoció con un claro beneficio relativo en la mortalidad total y cardiovascular y las hemorragias BARC 3 o 5, con mayor beneficio absoluto en los pacientes vulnerables. Los efectos de la bivalirudina comparada con la HNF en MACE y NACE concuerdan entre pacientes vulnerables y no vulnerables. La bivalirudina se asoció con menores mortalidad cardiovascular y por todas las causas en pacientes vulnerables, pero no en los no vulnerables, con test de interacción en el límite. La bivalirudina redujo las hemorragias en ambos grupos de pacientes, con un beneficio absoluto mayor en el caso de los pacientes vulnerables. CONCLUSIONES: En pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo sometidos a tratamiento invasivo, los efectos de los tratamientos aleatorizados fueron concordantes entre los pacientes vulnerables y los no vulnerables, pero la reducción del riesgo absoluto del acceso radial y bivalirudina fue mayor en los vulnerables, con una reducción de 5 a 10 veces en el número de pacientes que es necesario tratar


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Patients who are vulnerable to hemodynamic or electrical disorders (VP) are often excluded from clinical trials and data on the optimal access-site or antithrombotic treatment are limited. We assessed outcomes of transradial vs transfemoral access and bivalirudin vs unfractionated heparin (UFH) in VP with acute coronary syndrome undergoing invasive management. METHODS: The MATRIX trial randomized 8404 patients to radial or femoral access and 7213 patients to bivalirudin or UFH. Among them, 934 (11.1%) were deemed VP due to advanced Killip class (n = 808), cardiac arrest (n = 168), or both (n = 42). The 30-day coprimary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACE: death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and net adverse clinical events (NACE: MACE or major bleeding). RESULTS: MACE and NACE were similarly reduced with radial vs femoral access in VP and non-VP. Transradial access was also associated with consistent relative benefits in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5 bleeding with greater absolute benefits in VP. The effects of bivalirudin vs UFH on MACE and NACE were consistent in VP and non-VP. Bivalirudin was associated with lower all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in VP but not in non-VP, with borderline interaction testing. Bivalirudin reduced bleeding in both VP and non-VP with a larger absolute benefit in VP. CONCLUSIONS: In acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing invasive management, the effects of randomized treatments were consistent in VP and non-VP, but absolute risk reduction with radial access and bivalirudin were greater in VP, with a 5- to 10-fold lower number needed to treat for benefits

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175148

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has remarkably evolved in the last decades. This has resulted in a larger number of patients treated with PCI, including those with more complex anatomic lesions. Several studies demonstrated that PCI involving complex lesions is associated with increased rate of procedural complications and adverse clinical outcomes. In this setting, optimal adjunctive antithrombotic regimens still need to be defined. In this review, we sought to summarize and discuss the recent evidence deriving from analyses appraising antithrombotic therapies in patients undergoing complex PCI.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive performances of the prewiring, postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores, prewiring, and postwiring Updated Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score (LCSS) for 2-year all-cause mortality post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND: In patients with STEMI and undergoing primary PCI, coronary stenosis(es) distal to the culprit lesion is often observed after the restoration of coronary flow. To address comprehensively the complex coronary anatomy in these patients, prewiring and postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores have been reported in the literature. Furthermore, to enable individualized risk estimation for long-term all-cause mortality, the Updated LCSS has been developed by combining the anatomical SYNTAX score and clinical factors. METHODS: In the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, anatomical SYNTAX score analysis was performed by an independent angiographic corelab for the first 4,000 consecutive patients as a prespecified analysis; of these, 545 presented with STEMI. The efficacy of the mortality predictions of the four scores at 2 years were evaluated based on their discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: Complete data was available in 512 patients (93.9%). When the patients were stratified into two groups based on the median of the scores, the prewiring and postwiring Updated LCSSs demonstrated that the high-score groups were associated with higher rates of 2-year all-cause mortality compared to the low-score groups (6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001 and 6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences for predicting the mortality between the prewiring (area under the curve [AUC] 0.625), postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (AUC 0.614), prewiring (AUC 0.755), and postwiring Updated LCSS (AUC 0.757). In the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score had a better discrimination for the mortality than the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (IDI -0.0082; p = .029). The four scores had acceptable calibration abilities for 2-year all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The prewiring Updated LCSS predicts long-term all-cause mortality with clearly useful discrimination and acceptable calibration. Since the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score does not improve mortality prediction, the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score may be preferred for the 2-year mortality prediction using the Updated LCSS.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225426

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of the degree of stent expansion, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), following stent implantation, and clinical outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: STEMI patients from the MATRIX (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by TRansradial Access Site and angioX) OCT study were selected; Clinical outcomes were collected through 1 year. Stent expansion index is a minimum stent area (MSA) divided by average lumen area (average of proximal and distal reference lumen area). The following variables were measured: MSA (< 4.5mm2), dissection (> 200 µm in width and < 5 mm from stent segment), malapposition (> 200 µm distance of stent from vessel wall), a thrombus (area > 5% of lumen area) were compared. RESULTS: A total of 151 patients were included; after excluding patients with suboptimal OCT quality, the population with available OCT was classified into 2 groups: under-expanded < 90% (N = 72, 51%) and well-expanded ≥ 90% (N = 67, 49%). In the well-expanded group, a significant number of the proximal vessels had a lumen area < 4.5mm2 (16.1%, p < 0.001) and a greater thrombus burden within stent (56.7%, p = 0.042). The overall 30 day and 1 year major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) rates were 5% and 6.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Irrespective of the degree of stent expansion, the OCT findings, in STEMI patients, and the MACE at 30 days and one year follow up was low; further, well-expanded stents led to a more significant residual thrombotic burden within the stent but seemed to have insignificant clinical impact. Acknowledged stent optimization criteria, traditionally related to worse outcomes in stable patients, do not seem to be associated with worse outcomes in this STEMI population.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144166

RESUMO

The relation between discharge location and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is largely unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the impact of discharge location on clinical outcomes after TAVI. Between August 2007 and December 2018, consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI at Bern University Hospital were grouped according to discharge location. Clinical adverse events were adjudicated according to VARC-2 end point definitions. Of 1,902 eligible patients, 520 (27.3%) were discharged home, 945 (49.7%) were discharged to a rehabilitation clinic and 437 (23.0%) were transferred to another institution. Compared with patients discharged to a rehabilitation facility or another institution, patients discharged home were younger (80.8 ± 6.5 vs 82.9 ± 5.4 and 82.8 ± 6.4 years), less likely female (37.3% vs 59.7% and 54.2%), and at lower risk according to STS-PROM (4.5 ± 3.0% vs 5.5 ± 3.8% and 6.6 ± 4.4%). At 1 year follow-up, patients discharged home had similar rates of all-cause mortality (HRadj 0.82; 95% CI 0.54 to 1.24), cerebrovascular events (HRadj 1.04; 95% CI 0.52 to 2.08) and bleeding complications (HRadj 0.93; 95% CI 0.61 to 1.41) compared with patients discharged to a rehabilitation facility. Patients discharged home or to rehabilitation were at lower risk for death (HRadj 0.37; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.56 and HRadj 0.44; 95% CI 0.32 to 0.60) and bleeding (HRadj 0.48; 95% CI 0.30 to 0.76 and HRadj 0.66; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.96) during the first year after hospital discharge compared with patients transferred to another institution. In conclusion, discharge location is associated with outcomes after TAVI with patients discharged home or to a rehabilitation facility having better clinical outcomes than patients transferred to another institution. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. NCT01368250.

7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 179, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are a subpopulation characterized by ultrahigh ischemic and bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention. There are limited data on the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy among these patients. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis of the GLOBAL-LEADERS trial, the treatment effects of the experimental (one-month dual-antiplatelet therapy [DAPT] followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy) versus the reference regimen (12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin alone) were analyzed according to DM/CKD status. The primary endpoint was a composite endpoint of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2-years. The patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) was defined as the composite of all-cause death, any stroke, site-reported MI and any revascularization, whereas net adverse clinical events (NACE) combined POCE with BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events. RESULTS: At 2 years, the DM + /CKD + patients had significantly higher incidences of the primary endpoint (9.5% versus 3.1%, adjusted HR 2.16; 95% CI [1.66-2.80], p < 0.001), BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events, stroke, site-reported myocardial infraction, all revascularization, POCE, and NACE, compared with the DM-/CKD- patients. Among the DM + /CKD + patients, after adjustment, there were no significant differences in the primary endpoints between the experimental and reference regimen; however, the experimental regimen was associated with lower rates of POCE (20.6% versus 25.9%, HR 0.74; 95% CI [0.55-0.99], p = 0.043, pinteraction = 0.155) and NACE (22.7% versus 28.3%, HR 0.75; 95% CI [0.56-0.99], p = 0.044, pinteraction = 0.310), which was mainly driven by a lower rate of all revascularization, as compared with the reference regimen. The landmark analysis showed that while the experimental and reference regimen had similar rates of all the clinical endpoints during the first year, the experimental regimen was associated with significantly lower rates of POCE (5.8% versus 11.0%, HR 0.49; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.040) and NACE (5.8% versus 11.2%, HR 0.48; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.013) in the second year. CONCLUSION: Among patients with both DM and CKD, ticagrelor monotherapy was not associated with lower rates of all-cause death or new Q-wave, or major bleeding complications; however, it was associated with lower rates of POCE and NACE. These findings should be interpreted as hypothesis-generating. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01813435).

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119069

RESUMO

AIMS: Safety and efficacy of antithrombotic regimens in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may differ based on clinical presentation. We sought to comparing double vs. triple antithrombotic therapy (DAT vs TAT) in AF patients with or without acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using PubMed to search for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC)-based randomized clinical trials. Data on subgroups of ACS or elective PCI were obtained by published reports or trial investigators. A total of 10,193 patients from 4 NOAC trials were analyzed, of whom 5,675 presenting with ACS (DAT = 3,063 vs. TAT = 2,612) and 4,518 with SCAD (DAT = 2,421 vs. TAT = 2,097). The primary safety endpoint of ISTH major bleeding or CRNMB was reduced with DAT compared with TAT in both ACS (12.2% vs 19.4%; RR 0.63, 95% CI 0.56-0.71; p < 0.0001; I2=0%) and SCAD (14.6% vs 22.0%; RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.55-0.85; p = 0.0008; I2=66%), without interaction (p-int = 0.54). Findings were consistent for secondary bleeding endpoints, including intracranial Haemorrhage. In both subgroups, there was no difference between DAT and TAT for all-cause death, major adverse cardiovascular events, or stroke. Myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis were numerically higher with DAT vs. TAT consistently in ACS and SCAD (p-int = 0.60 and 0.86 respectively). Findings were confirmed by multiple sensitivity analyses, including a separate analysis on dabigatran regimens and a restriction to PCI population. CONCLUSIONS: DAT, compared with TAT, is associated with lower bleeding risks, including intracranial Haemorrhage, and a small non-significant excess of cardiac ischaemic events in both patients with or without ACS.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate periprocedural and long-term outcome of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) using Amplatzer occluders with respect to individual pre-procedural stroke risk. BACKGROUND: LAAC is a proven strategy for prevention from stroke and bleeding in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation not amenable to oral anticoagulation. Whether individual pre-procedural stroke risk may affect procedural and long-term clinical outcome after LAAC is unclear. METHODS: Multicenter study of consecutive patients who underwent Amplatzer-LAAC. Using pre-procedural CHADS2 score, outcomes were compared between a low (0-2 points) and a high stroke risk group (3-6 points). RESULTS: Five hundred consecutive patients (73.9 ± 10.1 years) who underwent Amplatzer-LAAC. Two hundred and forty eight had preprocedural CHADS2 score ≤ 2 points (low-risk group) and the remaining 252 patients had 3-6 points (high-risk group). Periprocedural complication rates (6.0% vs. 5.6%, p = .85), procedural success (LAAC without major periprocedural or device-related complications or major para-device leaks: 89.4% vs. 87.9%, p = .74), and 30-day-mortality (2.4% vs. 2.6%, p = .77) were comparable. After 1,346 patient-years (PY), the long-term composite efficacy endpoint (stroke, systemic embolism, cardiovascular, and unexplained death) was reached in 23/653 (3.5/100 PY) versus 52/693 (7.5/100 PY); HR = 2.13; 95%-CI, 1.28-3.65, p = .002) with stroke rates 67% and 68% lower than anticipated by preprocedural CHADS2 score. Combined safety endpoint (major periprocedural complications and major, life-threatening or fatal bleedings) occurred in 22/653 (3.4/100 PY) versus 28/693 (4.0/100 PY); HR = 1.20; 95%-CI, 0.66-2.20, p = .52). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients at low risk of stroke, LAAC with Amplatzer devices is associated with similar safety and efficacy in high-risk patients in our study.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of ischemic and bleeding risk factors on long-term clinical outcomes of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with everolimus-eluting stents. BACKGROUND: Second-generation drug-eluting stents have substantially improved outcomes after PCI in the general population; however, DM patients continue to experience high rates of ischemic and bleeding complications. METHODS: DM patients from the pooled XIENCE V registry were divided into high or low bleeding and ischemic risk groups (HBR, LBR, HIR, and LIR) based on established bleeding (age ≥ 75 years; chronic kidney disease; anemia; prior stroke; oral anticoagulation; thrombocytopenia; prior major bleeding) and ischemic (acute coronary syndrome; prior myocardial infarction [MI]; ≥3 stents implanted; ≥3 vessels treated; ≥3 lesions treated; stent length > 60 mm; bifurcation treated with ≥2 stents; chronic total occlusion) risk factors. The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiac events (MACE; cardiac death, MI, or stent thrombosis) and major bleeding at 4-year follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 3,704 DM patients were divided into four groups (21.5% LBR/LIR; 39.0% LBR/HIR; 15.6% HBR/LIR; 23.9% HBR/HIR). Compared with LBR/LIR patients, those at HBR/HIR and HBR/LIR had a significantly higher risk of MACE (HR (95% CI) 2.7 (1.9-3.9) and 2.2 (1.5-3.2), respectively) and major bleeding (2.7 (1.6-4.8) and 2.6 (1.4-4.7), respectively), while LBR/HIR patients did not. CONCLUSIONS: Among DM patients undergoing PCI, presence of bleeding risk factors was associated with a higher risk of both ischemic and bleeding events, whereas commonly used features of ischemic risk did not impact long-term clinical outcomes.

11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098470

RESUMO

AIMS: This subgroup analysis of the ENTRUST-AF PCI trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866175; Date of registration: August 2016) evaluated type of AF, and CHA2DS2-VASc score parameters as predictors for clinical outcome. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to either edoxaban (60 mg/30 mg once daily [OD]; n = 751) plus a P2Y12 inhibitor for 12 months or a vitamin K antagonist [VKA] (n = 755) plus a P2Y12 inhibitor and aspirin (100 mg OD, for 1-12 months). The primary outcome was a composite of major/clinically relevant non-major bleeding (CRNM) within 12 months. The composite efficacy endpoint consisted of cardiovascular death, stroke, systemic embolic events, myocardial infarction (MI), and definite stent thrombosis. RESULTS: Major/CRNM bleeding event rates were 20.7%/year and 25.6%/year with edoxaban and warfarin, respectively (HR [95% CI]: 0.83 [0.654-1.047]). The event rates of composite outcome were 7.26%/year and 6.86%/year, respectively (HR [95% CI]): 1.06 [0.711-1.587]), and of overall net clinical benefit were 12.48%/year and 12.80%/year, respectively (HR [(95% CI]: 0.99 [(0.730; 1.343]). Increasing CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with increased rates of all outcomes. CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 5 was a marker for stent thrombosis. Paroxysmal AF was associated with a higher occurrence of MI (4.87% versus 2.01%, p = 0.0024). CONCLUSION: After PCI in AF patients, increasing CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with increased bleeding rates and CHA2DS2-VASc score (≥ 5) predicted the occurrence of stent thrombosis. Paroxysmal AF was associated with MI. These findings may have important clinical implications in AF patients.

12.
Eur Heart J ; 41(38): 3743-3749, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029615

RESUMO

AIMS: To validate the set of clinical and biochemical criteria proposed by consensus by the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) for High Bleeding Risk (HBR) for the identification of HBR patients. These criteria were categorized into major and minor, if expected to carry in isolation, respectively, ≥4% and <4% Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5 bleeding risk within 1-year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). High bleeding risk patients are those meeting at least 1 major or 2 minor criteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients undergoing PCI at Bern University Hospital, between February 2009 and September 2018 were prospectively entered into the Bern PCI Registry (NCT02241291). Age, haemoglobin, platelet count, creatinine, and use of oral anticoagulation were prospectively collected, while the remaining HBR criteria except for planned surgery were retrospectively adjudicated. A total of 16 580 participants with complete ARC-HBR criteria were included. After assigning 1 point to each major and 0.5 point to each minor criterion, we observed for every 0.5 score increase a step-wise augmentation of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding rates at 1 year ranging from 1.90% among patients fulfilling no criterion, through 4.01%, 5.98%, 7.42%, 8.60%, 12.21%, 12.29%, and 17.64%. All major and five out of six minor criteria, conferred in isolation a risk for BARC 3 or 5 bleeding at 1 year exceeding 4% at the upper limit of the 95% confidence intervals. CONCLUSION: All major and the majority of minor ARC-HBR criteria identify in isolation patients at HBR.

13.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065080

RESUMO

Patients undergoing staged percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) are exposed to extended duration of antiplatelet therapy, and a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen after SPCI should be specifically evaluated among these patients. This is a prespecified substudy of the GLOBAL LEADERS which is a randomized, open-label trial, comparing an experimental regimen of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; ticagrelor and aspirin) followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy to a reference regimen of 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy. Patients were stratified according to whether or not SPCI was performed. The impact of the timing of SPCI on clinical outcomes was also investigated. Of 15,968 randomized patients, 1,651 patients underwent SPCI within 3 months. These patients with SPCI had a significantly higher risk of bleeding and ischemic endpoints than those without SPCI. In patients undergoing SPCI, the primary endpoint (composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2 years) and secondary safety endpoint (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC]-defined bleeding 3 or 5) were similar in the 2 regimens. However, in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the experimental regimen reduced a risk of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding (1.8% vs 4.5%; HR 0.387; 95% CI 0.179 to 0.836; p = 0.016). In patients undergoing SPCI later than 10 days after index procedure, this risk reduction was still prominent (0.8% vs 2.3%; HR 0.321; 95% CI 0.116 to 0.891; p = 0.029). In conclusion, patients undergoing SPCI are at high risk and may need special attention from clinicians. In ACS patients undergoing SPCI, a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen appears to be associated with a lower bleeding risk than with standard DAPT.

14.
Am Heart J ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031789

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is key for the prevention of recurrent ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however, it increases the risk of bleeding complications. While new generation drug-eluting stents have been shown superior to bare-metal stents after a short DAPT course, the optimal DAPT duration in patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) remains to be determined. TRIAL DESIGN: The XIENCE Short DAPT program consists of three prospective, single-arm studies (XIENCE 90, XIENCE 28 Global and XIENCE 28 USA) investigating 3- or 1-month DAPT durations in HBR patients undergoing PCI with the XIENCE stent. The XIENCE 90 study is being conducted in the US and enrolled 2047 subjects who discontinued DAPT at 3 months if they were free from myocardial infarction (MI), repeat coronary revascularization, stroke, or stent thrombosis. The XIENCE 28 program includes the USA study, enrolling 642 patients in US and Canada, and the Global study, enrolling 963 patients in Europe and Asia. In XIENCE 28, patients were to discontinue DAPT at 1 month post-PCI if event-free. The primary hypothesis for both XIENCE 90 and XIENCE 28 is that a short DAPT regimen will be non-inferior to a conventional DAPT duration with respect to the composite of all-cause death or MI. Patients enrolled in the prospective multicenter post-market XIENCE V USA study will be used as historical control group in a stratified propensity-adjusted analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The XIENCE Short DAPT Program will provide insights into the safety and efficacy of 2 abbreviated DAPT regimens of 3- and 1-month duration in a large cohort of HBR patients undergoing PCI with the XIENCE stent.

16.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(19): 2266-2274, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of target lesion revascularization (TLR) of the unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) after stent failure. BACKGROUND: Although drug-eluting stents are safe and effective for treatment of the ULMCA, increased rates of repeat revascularization have been observed. METHODS: This is a patient-level pooled analysis of the randomized ISAR-LEFT-MAIN (Drug-Eluting-Stents for Unprotected Left Main Stem Disease) and ISAR-LEFT-MAIN-2 (Drug-Eluting Stents to Treat Unprotected Coronary Left Main Disease) trials, in which patients underwent stenting of the ULMCA. The present analysis includes patients who underwent angiography during follow-up. Patients with TLR were compared with those without. Additional long-term clinical follow-up after TLR was conducted, and its influence on mortality was evaluated. Mortality was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Predictors of mortality were assessed in a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1,001 patients were eligible, of whom 166 experienced TLR. The 5-year mortality rate was 30.2% in patients with TLR compared with 17.3% in those without TLR (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, glomerular filtration rate (-30 ml/min; hazard ratio [HR]: 2.25; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.54 to 3.27; p < 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR: 4.95; 95% CI: 1.33 to 18.42; p = 0.02), and body mass index (+5 kg/m2; HR: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.12 to 2.32; p = 0.01) were independent predictors of mortality after TLR due to left main stent failure. The type of repeat revascularization and the underlying stent did not influence the mortality after TLR of the ULMCA. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality after TLR for left main stent failure is high. Patient-related factors seem to have a greater impact on mortality after TLR than other variables.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the overall neutral results of the GLOBAL-LEADERS trial, results from a prespecified subgroup analysis showed that patients from Western Europe had a significantly lower rate of the primary endpoint when treated with ticagrelor monotherapy. Therefore, we aimed to examine the regional disparities in patients' baseline characteristics and their response to ticagrelor monotherapy. METHODS: Patients' baseline characteristics and the treatment effects of ticagrelor combined with aspirin for 1 month, followed by ticagrelor monotherapy for 23-months versus 12-months of standard dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) were compared according to participating countries. The primary endpoint was a composite endpoint of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at two years. RESULTS: Significant variances in patients' baseline characteristics were found between participating countries. The primary endpoint varied significantly according to the country (Pinteraction = 0.027). Patients from France (1.6% versus 5.2%, HR: 0.31, 95%CI: 0.13-0.73) and The Netherlands (2.4% versus 4.8%, HR, 0.50, 95%CI: 0.26-0.94) had lower rates of the primary endpoint when allocated to ticagrelor monotherapy, compared with the standard DAPT regimen. Of the 26 baseline and post-randomization factors explored, variance in the rate of complex PCI between countries was identified as the top contributor to this regional interaction. CONCLUSIONS: Patients' baseline characteristics varied between participating countries in the GLOBAL-LEADERS trial. There is a significant regional variance in the treatment effect of ticagrelor monotherapy, which could partly be explained by the differences in complex PCI being performed. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01813435).

19.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 13(9): e006582, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal bleeding risk scores have been validated in patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary intervention. How these scores apply to the population of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated without revascularization remains unknown. The objective was to evaluate and compare the performances of the PRECISE-DAPT, PARIS, and DAPT (bleeding component) bleeding risk scores in the medically managed patients with ACS treated with DAPT. METHODS AND RESULTS: TRILOGY ACS (Targeted Platelet Inhibition to Clarify the Optimal Strategy to Medically Manage Acute Coronary Syndromes) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial conducted from 2008 to 2012 over a median follow-up of 17.0 months in 966 sites (52 countries). High-risk patients with unstable angina or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction who did not undergo revascularization were randomized to prasugrel or clopidogrel. The PRECISE-DAPT, PARIS, and DAPT (bleeding component) risk scores were applied in the TRILOGY ACS population to evaluate their performance to predict adjudicated non-coronary artery bypass grafting-related GUSTO (Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries) severe/life-threatening/moderate and TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) major/minor bleeding with time-dependent c-indices. Among the 9326 participants, median age was 66 years (interquartile range, 59-74 years), and 3650 were females (39.1%). A total of 158 (1.69%) GUSTO severe/life-threatening/moderate and 174 (1.87%) TIMI major/minor non-coronary artery bypass grafting bleeding events occurred. The c-indices (95% CI) of the PRECISE-DAPT, PARIS, and DAPT (bleeding component) scores through 12 months were 0.716 (0.677-0.758), 0.693 (0.658-0.733), and 0.674 (0.637-0.713), respectively, for GUSTO bleeding and 0.624 (0.582-0.666), 0.612 (0.578-0.651), and 0.608 (0.571-0.649), respectively, for TIMI bleeding. There was no significant difference in the c-indices of each score based upon pairwise comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Among medically managed patients with ACS treated with DAPT, the performances of the PRECISE-DAPT, PARIS, and DAPT (bleeding component) scores were reasonable and similar to their performances in the derivation percutaneous coronary intervention populations. Bleeding risk scores may be used to predict longitudinal bleeding risk in patients with ACS treated with DAPT without revascularization and help support shared decision making. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00699998.

20.
EuroIntervention ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928716

RESUMO

Coronary bifurcations exhibit localized turbulent flow and enhanced propensity for platelet deposition, plaque rupture, and atherothrombosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of bifurcation lesions is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events. Such risk is modulated by anatomical complexity, intraprocedural factors and pharmacological therapy. There is no consensus on the appropriate PCI strategy or the optimal regimen and duration of antithrombotic treatment in order to decrease the risk of ischemic and bleeding complications in the setting of coronary bifurcation. A uniform therapeutic approach meets a clinical need. The present initiative, promoted by the European Bifurcation Club (EBC), involves opinion leaders from Europe, America, and Asia with the aim to analyze the currently available evidence. Although mainly derived from sub-studies of large trials or small studies, or from authors' opinions, an algorithm for the optimal management of patients undergoing bifurcation PCI, developed on the basis of clinical presentation, bleeding risk, and intraprocedural strategy is here proposed.

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