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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(1): 154-158, 2019 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408328

RESUMO

Flexible, chelating bis(NHC) ligand 2, able to accommodate both cis- and trans-coordination modes, was used to synthesize (2)Ni(η2 -cod), 3. In reaction with GeCl2 , it produced (2)NiGeCl2 , 4, featuring a T-shaped Ni0 and a pyramidal Ge center. Complex 4 could also be prepared from [(2)GeCl]Cl, 5, and Ni(cod)2 , in a reaction that formally involved Ni-Ge transmetalation, followed by coordination of the extruded GeCl2 moiety to Ni. A computational analysis showed that 4 possesses considerable multiconfigurational character and the Ni→Ge bond is formed through σ-donation from the Ni 4s, 4p, and 3d orbitals to Ge. (NHC)2 Ni(cod) complexes 9 and 10, as well as (NHC)2 GeCl2 derivative 11, incorporating ligands that cannot accommodate a wide bite angle, failed to produce isolable Ni-Ge complexes. The isolation of (2)Ni(η2 -Py), 12, provides further evidence for the reluctance of the (2)Ni0 fragment to act as a σ-Lewis acid.

2.
Chemistry ; 24(3): 672-680, 2018 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119625

RESUMO

Four-membered rings with a P2 BCh core (Ch=S, Se) have been synthesized by the reaction of phosphinidene chalcogenide (Ar*P=Ch) and phosphaborene (Mes*P=BNR2 ). The mechanistic pathways towards these rings are explained by detailed computational work that confirmed the preference for the formation of P-P, not P-B, bonded systems, which seems counterintuitive given that both phosphorus atoms contain bulky ligands. The reactivity of the newly synthesized heterocycles, as well as that of the known (RPCh)n rings (n=2, 3), was probed by the addition of N-heterocyclic carbenes, which revealed that all investigated compounds can act as sources of low-coordinate phosphorus species.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 56(21): 13500-13509, 2017 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027797

RESUMO

The reactivity of 4-membered (RPCh)2 rings (Ch = S, Se) that contain phosphorus in the +3 oxidation state is reported. These compounds undergo ring expansion to (RPCh)3 with the addition of a Lewis base. The 6-membered rings were found to be more stable than the 4-membered precursors, and the mechanism of their formation was investigated experimentally and by density functional theory calculations. The computational work identified two plausible mechanisms involving a phosphinidene chalcogenide intermediate, either as a free species or stabilized by a suitable base. Both the 4- and 6-membered rings were found to react with coinage metals, giving the same products: (RPCh)3 rings bound to the metal center from the phosphorus atom in tripodal fashion.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(22): 6236-6240, 2017 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28071846

RESUMO

Four-membered rings with a P2 Ch2 core (Ch=S, Se) and phosphorus in the +3 oxidation state have been synthesized. The utility of these rings as a source of monomeric phosphinidene chalcogenides was probed by the addition of an N-heterocyclic carbene, resulting in a base-stabilized phosphinidene sulfide. Similarly, persistence of the phosphinidene selenide in solution was shown through cycloaddition chemistry with 2,3-dimethylbutadiene at elevated temperatures. The observed reactivity was explained by detailed computational work that established the conditions upon which the P2 Ch2 rings can liberate phosphinidene chalcogenides.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(21): 6274-7, 2015 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25865317

RESUMO

A Ni(0)-NCN pincer complex featuring a six-membered N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) central platform and amidine pendant arms was synthesized by deprotonation of its Ni(II) precursor. It retained chloride in the square-planar coordination sphere of nickel and was expected to be highly susceptible to oxidative addition reactions. The Ni(0) complex rapidly activated ammonia at room temperature, in a ligand-assisted process where the carbene carbon atom played the unprecedented role of proton acceptor. For the first time, the coordinated (ammine) and activated (amido) species were observed together in solution, in a solvent-dependent equilibrium. A structural analysis of the Ni complexes provided insight into the highly unusual, non-innocent behavior of the NHC ligand.

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