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1.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(3): 0-0, nov.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195072

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia ocasionada por el SARS-CoV-2 ha supuesto una reestructuración sin precedentes de la asistencia sanitaria y también de los centros de salud. OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones del personal médico del Centro de Salud Albaycín sobre la respuesta del equipo de Atención Primaria ante la pandemia de la COVID-19 en los meses de marzo y abril de 2020. MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo, observacional de orientación fenomenológica mediante entrevistas individuales. El ámbito de estudio es el Centro de Salud Albaycín. La saturación teórica determinó el tamaño de la muestra (la totalidad de la plantilla médica). Se llevó a cabo un análisis narrativo del contenido. RESULTADOS: Los discursos muestran seis categorías de análisis: organización de la toma de decisiones, características de la respuesta dada, mantenimiento de los pilares de la Atención Primaria, cualidades del equipo potenciadas, rol de la docencia y nuevas dinámicas generadas. Los resultados describen una respuesta adecuada, coordinada con la comunidad y anticipada a las directrices institucionales. La toma de decisiones ha sido consensuada y horizontal, potenciándose las cualidades del equipo. A pesar de las limitaciones, se ha mantenido la accesibilidad y la longitudinalidad. Durante la pandemia se ha visto afectada la calidad asistencial y la actividad docente. DISCUSIÓN: Un liderazgo transformacional, que refuerza el vínculo entre profesionales y fomenta la participación activa también de los residentes, permite una respuesta satisfactoria ante una situación emergente. Contar con la participación de la comunidad puede generar confianza en la organización y mejorar los resultados en salud


INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has brought about an unprecedented restructuring of healthcare and health centers. OBJECTIVES: Learn the perceptions of medical staff from Albayzín Health Centre regarding the Primary Care team's response to the COVID-19 pandemic in March and April 2020. METHODS: Qualitative, observational study with a phenomenological approach conducted by means of individual interviews. The scope of the study is Albaycín Health Centre. The theoretical saturation determined sample size (the entire medical staff). Content was analysed in narrative terms. RESULTS: Conversations revealed six categories of analysis: organization of the decision-making process, characteristics of the response provided, maintaining the cornerstones of Primary Care, enhanced team qualities, role of teaching and new dynamics generated. The results report an adequate response, which was coordinated with the community and anticipated institutional guidelines. Decision-making was consensual and horizontal, which enhanced the team's qualities. Despite the limitations, accessibility and longitudinal configuration have been maintained. Both the quality of care and teaching have been affected during the pandemic. DISCUSSION: Transformational leadership, which strengthens the bond between professionals and encourages residents to participate actively, facilitates a satisfactory response to an emerging situation. Having the community participate can build trust in the organization and improve health outcomes


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Planejamento de Instituições de Saúde/organização & administração , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão
2.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 32(supl.1): 82-85, oct. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174236

RESUMO

La incorporación de contenidos docentes relativos a la salud comunitaria en los programas formativos de enfermería y medicina contribuye a acrecentar la calidad, el rigor y la sostenibilidad de las intervenciones comunitarias. En este artículo dialogamos sobre cómo la medicina familiar y comunitaria y la atención primaria siguen sin ser consideradas disciplinas nucleares y transversales en las facultades de medicina españolas. Durante la formación especializada médica y enfermera existe una gran variabilidad en el aprendizaje sobre salud comunitaria, dependiendo de la capacitación, las prioridades y la motivación de los profesionales de atención primaria, las unidades docentes y sus residentes. La creciente inestabilidad laboral y los actuales sistemas de contratación dificultan la puesta en práctica de las competencias adquiridas, el desarrollo de actividades comunitarias y la consolidación de espacios y redes para la formación. A pesar de las adversidades, existen iniciativas que potencian con ilusión una formación de calidad en salud comunitaria, y que merecen ser impulsadas y visibilizadas


Incorporating community health teaching in the undergraduate nursing and medicine curriculum and postgraduate training programmes contributes to enhance the quality, rigour and sustainability of health-promoting community interventions. In this article, we discuss the failure of Spanish Medical Universities to include family and community medicine and primary health care as integrated and cross-cutting disciplines on the undergraduate curriculum. During specialized medical and nursing training, community health teaching varies widely depending on the qualification, priorities and motivation of the primary health care workers, teaching units and trainees. Growing job instability and current nurse and medical recruitment systems, are hindering learning being put into practice, as well as the development of health-promoting community activities and the strengthening of training networks and facilities. Amid such adversity, there are initiatives that provide quality training on community health and should, accordingly, be fostered and acknowledged


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Currículo/tendências , Educação Médica/tendências , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/educação , Capacitação Profissional , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Internato e Residência/tendências , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/educação
3.
Gac Sanit ; 32 Suppl 1: 82-85, 2018 10.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30249350

RESUMO

Incorporating community health teaching in the undergraduate nursing and medicine curriculum and postgraduate training programmes contributes to enhance the quality, rigour and sustainability of health-promoting community interventions. In this article, we discuss the failure of Spanish Medical Universities to include family and community medicine and primary health care as integrated and cross-cutting disciplines on the undergraduate curriculum. During specialized medical and nursing training, community health teaching varies widely depending on the qualification, priorities and motivation of the primary health care workers, teaching units and trainees. Growing job instability and current nurse and medical recruitment systems, are hindering learning being put into practice, as well as the development of health-promoting community activities and the strengthening of training networks and facilities. Amid such adversity, there are initiatives that provide quality training on community health and should, accordingly, be fostered and acknowledged.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública/educação , Humanos , Relatório de Pesquisa , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha
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