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1.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of severe calcific atherosclerosis at the iliofemoral axis may preclude transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) by the transfemoral (TF) approach. Intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) is a novel technology that fractures intimal/medial calcium and increases vessel compliance allowing TF TAVI in selected patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). AIMS: The aim of this study was to report on the safety and efficacy of IVL-assisted TF TAVI in an all-comers population. METHODS: Clinical, imaging and procedural data on all consecutive patients treated by IVL-assisted TF TAVI in six high-volume European centres (2018-2020) were collected in this prospective, real-world, multicentre registry. RESULTS: IVL-assisted TF TAVI was performed in 108 patients, increasing from 2.4% to 6.5% of all TAVI from 2018 to 2020, respectively. The target lesion was most often localised at the common and/or external iliac artery (93.5% of cases; average TL-MLD 4.6±0.9 mm with 318 degrees of calcium arc). Transfemoral aortic valve delivery was successful in 100% of cases; final procedural success in 98.2% (two conversions to cardiac open surgery for annular rupture and valve migration). Complications of the IVL-treated segments consisted of 1 perforation and 3 major dissections requiring stent implantation (2 covered stents and 2 BMS). Access-site-related complication included 3 major bleedings. Three in-hospital deaths were recorded (2.8%, 1 failed surgical conversion after annular rupture, 1 cardiac arrest after initial valvuloplasty, 1 late hyperkalaemia in renal dysfunction). CONCLUSIONS: IVL-assisted TF TAVI proved to be a safe and effective approach, which helps to expand the indications for TF TAVI in patients with severe calcific PAD. However, these patients continue to have a higher-than-average incidence of periprocedural complications.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(19): 1875-1885, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence that fractional flow reserve (FFR) is effective in guiding therapeutic strategy in multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) beyond prespecified percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary graft surgery candidates. OBJECTIVES: The FUTURE (FUnctional Testing Underlying coronary REvascularization) trial aimed to evaluate whether a treatment strategy based on FFR was superior to a traditional strategy without FFR in the treatment of multivessel CAD. METHODS: The FUTURE trial is a prospective, randomized, open-label superiority trial. Multivessel CAD candidates were randomly assigned (1:1) to treatment strategy based on FFR in all stenotic (≥50%) coronary arteries or to a traditional strategy without FFR. In the FFR group, revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention or surgery) was indicated for FFR ≤0.80 lesions. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events at 1 year. RESULTS: The trial was stopped prematurely by the data safety and monitoring board after a safety analysis and 927 patients were enrolled. At 1-year follow-up, by intention to treat, there were no significant differences in major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events rates between groups (14.6% in the FFR group vs 14.4% in the control group; hazard ratio: 0.97; 95% confidence interval: 0.69-1.36; P = 0.85). The difference in all-cause mortality was nonsignificant, 3.7% in the FFR group versus 1.5% in the control group (hazard ratio: 2.34; 95% confidence interval: 0.97-5.18; P = 0.06), and this was confirmed with a 24 months' extended follow-up. FFR significantly reduced the proportion of revascularized patients, with more patients referred to exclusively medical treatment (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with multivessel CAD, we did not find evidence that an FFR-guided treatment strategy reduced the risk of ischemic cardiovascular events or death at 1-year follow-up. (Functional Testing Underlying Coronary Revascularisation; NCT01881555).

3.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is superior to angiography-guided PCI. The clinical uptake of FFR has been limited, however, by the need to advance a wire in the coronary artery, the additional time required and the need for hyperaemic agents which can cause patient discomfort. FFR derived from routine coronary angiography eliminates these issues. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance and accuracy of three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA)-based vessel FFR (vFFR) compared to pressure wire-based FFR (≤0.80). METHODS: The FAST II (Fast Assessment of STenosis severity) study was a prospective observational multicentre study designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of vFFR compared to the reference standard (pressure wire-based FFR ≤0.80). A total of 334 patients from six centres were enrolled. Both site-determined and blinded independent core lab vFFR measurements were compared to FFR. RESULTS: The core lab vFFR was 0.83±0.09 and pressure wire-based FFR 0.83±0.08. A good correlation was found between core lab vFFR and pressure wire-based FFR (R=0.74; p<0.001; mean bias 0.0029±0.0642). vFFR had an excellent diagnostic accuracy in identifying lesions with an invasive wire-based FFR ≤0.80 (AUC 0.93; 95% CI: 0.90-0.96; p<0.001). Positive predictive value, negative predictive value, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of vFFR were 90%, 90%, 90%, 81% and 95%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-QCA-based vFFR has excellent diagnostic performance to detect FFR ≤0.80. The study was registered on clinicaltrials.gov under identifier NCT03791320.

5.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 2: 100030, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34173627

RESUMO

Background: A reduction of admission for MI has been reported in most countries affected by COVID-19. No clear explanation has been provided. Methods: To report the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) admission during COVID-19 pandemic and in particular during national lockdown in two unequally affected French provinces (10-million inhabitants) with a different media strategy, and to describe the magnitude of MI incidence changes relative to the incidence of COVID-19-related deaths. A longitudinal study to collect all MIs from January 1 until May 17, 2020 (study period) and from the identical time period in 2019 (control period) was conducted in all centers with PCI-facilities in northern "Hauts-de-France" province and western "Pays-de-la-Loire" Province. The incidence of COVID-19 fatalities was also collected. Findings: In "Hauts-de-France", during lockdown (March 18-May 10), 1500 COVID-19-related deaths were observed. A 23% decrease in MI-IR (IRR=0.77;95%CI:0.71-0.84, p<0.001) was observed for a loss of 272 MIs (95%CI:-363,-181), representing 18% of COVID-19-related deaths. In "Pays-de-la-Loire", 382 COVID-19-related deaths were observed. A 19% decrease in MI-IR (IRR=0.81; 95%CI=0.73-0.90, p<0.001) was observed for a loss of 138 MIs (95%CI:-210,-66), representing 36% of COVID-19-related deaths. While in "Hauts-de-France" the MI decline started before lockdown and recovered 3 weeks before its end, in "Pays-de-la-Loire", it started after lockdown and recovered only by its end. In-hospital mortality of MI patients was increased during lockdown in both provinces (5.0% vs 3.4%, p=0.02). Interpretation: It highlights one of the potential collateral damages of COVID-19 outbreak on cardiovascular health with a dramatic reduction of MI incidence. It advocates for a careful and weighted communication strategy in pandemic crises. Funding: The study was conducted without external funding.

6.
EuroIntervention ; 17(8): e680-e687, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has been proposed as a therapeutic option in patients suffering from severe aortic stenosis (SAS) who need urgent non-cardiac surgery (NCS). Whether this strategy is better than medical therapy in this very specific population is unknown. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the clinical benefit of an invasive strategy (IS) with preoperative BAV in patients with SAS requiring urgent NCS. METHODS: From 2011 to 2019, a registry conducted in two centres included 133 patients with SAS undergoing urgent NCS, of whom 93 underwent preoperative BAV (IS) and 40 a conservative strategy (CS) without BAV. All analyses were adjusted for confounding using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) (10 clinical and anatomical variables). RESULTS: The primary outcome was MACE at one-month follow-up after NCS including mortality, heart failure, and other cardiovascular outcomes. In patients managed conservatively, occurrence of MACE was 20.0% (n=8) and death was 10.0% (n=4) at 1 month. In patients undergoing BAV, the occurrence of MACE was 20.4% (n=19) and death was 5.4% (n=5) at 1 month. Among patients undergoing conservative management, all events were observed after NCS while, in patients undergoing BAV, 12.9% (n=12) had events between BAV and NCS including 3 deaths, and 7.5% (n=7) had events after NCS including 2 deaths. In IPTW propensity analyses, the incidence of the primary outcome (20.4% vs 20.0%; OR 0.93, 95% CI: 0.38-2.29) and three-month survival (89.2% vs 90.0%; IPTW-adjusted HR 0.90, 95% CI: 0.31-2.60) were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SAS managed conservatively before urgent NCS are at high risk of events. A systematic invasive strategy using BAV does not provide a significant improvement in clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 114(5): 340-351, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systems of care have been challenged to control progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Whether this has been associated with delayed reperfusion and worse outcomes in French patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown. AIM: To compare the rate of STEMI admissions, treatment delays, and outcomes between the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France and the equivalent period in 2019. METHODS: In this nationwide French survey, data from consecutive STEMI patients from 65 centres referred for urgent revascularization between 1 March and 31 May 2020, and between 1 March and 31 May 2019, were analysed. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital death or non-fatal mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction. RESULTS: A total of 6306 patients were included. During the pandemic peak, a 13.9±6.6% (P=0.003) decrease in STEMI admissions per week was observed. Delays between symptom onset and percutaneous coronary intervention were longer in 2020 versus 2019 (270 [interquartile range 150-705] vs 245 [140-646]min; P=0.013), driven by the increase in time from symptom onset to first medical contact (121 [60-360] vs 150 [62-420]min; P=0.002). During 2020, a greater number of mechanical complications was observed (0.9% vs 1.7%; P=0.029) leading to a significant difference in the primary outcome (112 patients [5.6%] in 2019 vs 129 [7.6%] in 2020; P=0.018). No significant difference was observed in rates of orotracheal intubation, in-hospital cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock. CONCLUSIONS: During the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France, there was a decrease in STEMI admissions, associated with longer ischaemic time, exclusively driven by an increase in patient-related delays and an increase in mechanical complications. These findings suggest the need to encourage the population to seek medical help in case of symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Eur Heart J ; 42(23): 2265-2269, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822924

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is effective in older patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, while the indication has recently broadened to younger patients at lower risk. Although thromboembolic and bleeding complications after TAVI have decreased over time, such adverse events are still common. The recommendations of the latest 2017 ESC/EACTS Guidelines for the management of valvular heart disease on antithrombotic therapy in patients undergoing TAVI are mostly based on expert opinion. Based on recent studies and randomized controlled trials, this viewpoint document provides updated therapeutic insights in antithrombotic treatment during and after TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Trombose , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/tratamento farmacológico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Consenso , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 114(8-9): 537-549, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfemoral percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TF-TAVI) is a safe, reproducible and established procedure, mainly performed under local anaesthesia, which is mostly administered and monitored by a dedicated anaesthesia team (regular approach). Our centre has developed a standardized pathway of care, and eligible patients are selected for a minimalist TF-TAVI, entirely managed by operators without the presence of the anaesthesia team in the operating room, like most interventional coronary procedures ("percutaneous coronary intervention-like" approach [PCI approach]). AIM: To compare the safety and efficacy of TF-TAVI performed with the PCI approach versus the regular approach. METHODS: The analysis population comprised all patients who underwent TF-TAVI with the PCI or regular approach in our institution from November 2016 to July 2019. The two co-primary endpoints were early safety composite and early efficacy composite at 30days as defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2. The PCI (n=137) and Regular (n=221) approaches were compared using the propensity score based method of inverse probability of treatment weighting. RESULTS: No differences were observed after comparison of TAVI performed with the PCI or regular approach regarding the composite safety endpoint (7.3% vs. 11.3%; odds ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.37 to 1.07; P=0.086) or the composite efficacy endpoint (4.4% vs. 6.3%; odds ratio 0.78, 95% confidence interval 0.41 to 1.49; P=0.45). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the efficacy and safety of TF-TAVI entirely managed by a PCI approach for selected patients are not different to those when TF-TAVI is performed with the attendance of a full anaesthesia care team. The PCI approach appears to be a safe and efficient clinical pathway, providing an appropriate and rational utilization of anaesthesiology resources, and could be used for the majority of TF-TAVI procedures.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(17): 2187-2199, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients with acute coronary syndrome following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), those presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are at highest risk. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of STEMI after TAVR. METHODS: This was a multicenter study including 118 patients presenting with STEMI at a median of 255 days (interquartile range: 9 to 680 days) after TAVR. Procedural features of STEMI after TAVR managed with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were compared with all-comer STEMI: 439 non-TAVR patients who had primary PCI within the 2 weeks before and after each post-TAVR STEMI case in 5 participating centers from different countries. RESULTS: Median door-to-balloon time was higher in TAVR patients (40 min [interquartile range: 25 to 57 min] vs. 30 min [interquartile range: 25 to 35 min]; p = 0.003). Procedural time, fluoroscopy time, dose-area product, and contrast volume were also higher in TAVR patients (p < 0.01 for all). PCI failure occurred more frequently in patients with previous TAVR (16.5% vs. 3.9%; p < 0.001), including 5 patients in whom the culprit lesion was not revascularized owing to coronary ostia cannulation failure. In-hospital and late (median of 7 months [interquartile range: 1 to 21 months]) mortality rates were 25.4% and 42.4%, respectively (20.6% and 38.2% in primary PCI patients), and estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.02; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42 to 6.43; p = 0.004), Killip class ≥2 (HR: 2.74; 95% CI: 1.37 to 5.49; p = 0.004), and PCI failure (HR: 3.23; 95% CI: 1.42 to 7.31; p = 0.005) determined an increased risk. CONCLUSIONS: STEMI after TAVR was associated with very high in-hospital and mid-term mortality. Longer door-to-balloon times and a higher PCI failure rate were observed in TAVR patients, partially due to coronary access issues specific to the TAVR population, and this was associated with poorer outcomes.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Saúde Global , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
11.
J Clin Med ; 10(4)2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672792

RESUMO

Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices are effective tools in managing refractory cardiogenic shock (CS). Data comparing veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and IMPELLA® are however scarce. We aimed to assess outcomes of patients implanted with these two devices and eligible to both systems. From 2004 to 2020, we retrospectively analyzed 128 patients who underwent VA-ECMO or IMPELLA® in our institution for refractory left ventricle (LV) dominant CS. All patients were eligible to both systems: 97 patients were first implanted with VA-ECMO and 31 with IMPELLA®. The primary endpoint was 30-day all-cause death. VA-ECMO patients were younger (52 vs. 59.4, p = 0.006) and had a higher lactate level at baseline than those in the IMPELLA® group (6.84 vs. 3.03 mmol/L, p < 0.001). Duration of MCS was similar between groups (9.4 days vs. 6 days in the VA-ECMO and IMPELLA® groups respectively, p = 0.077). In unadjusted analysis, no significant difference was observed between groups in 30-day mortality: 43.3% vs. 58.1% in the VA-ECMO and IMPELLA® groups, respectively (p = 0.152). After adjustment, VA-ECMO was associated with a significant reduction in 30-day mortality (HR = 0.25, p = 0.004). A higher rate of MCS escalation was observed in the IMPELLA® group: 32.3% vs. 10.3% (p = 0.003). In patients eligible to either VA-ECMO or IMPELLA® for LV dominant refractory CS, VA-ECMO was associated with improved survival rate and a lower need for escalation.

12.
Circulation ; 143(10): 1043-1061, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683945

RESUMO

After 15 years of successive randomized, controlled trials, indications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are rapidly expanding. In the coming years, this procedure could become the first line treatment for patients with a symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and a tricuspid aortic valve anatomy. However, randomized, controlled trials have excluded bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), which is the most frequent congenital heart disease occurring in 1% to 2% of the total population and representing at least 25% of patients 80 years of age or older referred for aortic valve replacement. The use of a less invasive transcatheter therapy in this elderly population became rapidly attractive, and approximately 10% of patients currently undergoing TAVR have a BAV. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the "European Conformity" have approved TAVR for low-risk patients regardless of the aortic valve anatomy whereas international guidelines recommend surgical replacement in BAV populations. Given this progressive expansion of TAVR toward younger and lower-risk patients, heart teams are encountering BAV patients more frequently, while the ability of this therapy to treat such a challenging anatomy remains uncertain. This review will address the singularity of BAV anatomy and associated technical challenges for the TAVR procedure. We will examine and summarize available clinical evidence and highlight critical knowledge gaps regarding TAVR utilization in BAV patients. We will provide a comprehensive overview of the role of computed tomography scans in the diagnosis, and classification of BAV and TAVR procedure planning. Overall, we will offer an integrated framework for understanding the current role of TAVR in the treatment of bicuspid aortic stenosis and for guiding physicians in clinical decision-making.

14.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 41(1): 415-429, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to analyze the capacity of human valve interstitial cells (VICs) to participate in aortic valve angiogenesis. Approach and Results: VICs were isolated from human aortic valves obtained after surgery for calcific aortic valve disease and from normal aortic valves unsuitable for grafting (control VICs). We examined VIC in vitro and in vivo potential to differentiate in endothelial and perivascular lineages. VIC paracrine effect was also examined on human endothelial colony-forming cells. A pathological VIC (VICp) mesenchymal-like phenotype was confirmed by CD90+/CD73+/CD44+ expression and multipotent-like differentiation ability. When VICp were cocultured with endothelial colony-forming cells, they formed microvessels by differentiating into perivascular cells both in vivo and in vitro. VICp and control VIC conditioned media were compared using serial ELISA regarding quantification of endothelial and angiogenic factors. Higher expression of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor)-A was observed at the protein level in VICp-conditioned media and confirmed at the mRNA level in VICp compared with control VIC. Conditioned media from VICp induced in vitro a significant increase in endothelial colony-forming cell proliferation, migration, and sprouting compared with conditioned media from control VIC. These effects were inhibited by blocking VEGF-A with blocking antibody or siRNA approach, confirming VICp involvement in angiogenesis by a VEGF-A dependent mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: We provide here the first proof of an angiogenic potential of human VICs isolated from patients with calcific aortic valve disease. These results point to a novel function of VICp in valve vascularization during calcific aortic valve disease, with a perivascular differentiation ability and a VEGF-A paracrine effect. Targeting perivascular differentiation and VEGF-A to slow calcific aortic valve disease progression warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/patologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/transplante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteogênese , Comunicação Parácrina , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(5): 959-961, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001555

RESUMO

High-risk transcatheter procedures requiring hemodynamic support are growing and require multiple vascular access that may be challenging in cases of peripheral artery disease or lack of radial access and exposure to a higher risk of vascular complications. We report the novel utilization of a Y-shaped arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannula used as a single femoral access to perform percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and aortography during high-risk transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The utilization of this 2-in-1 ECMO cannula may simplify vascular access and reduce vascular and bleeding complications during high-risk ECMO-supported transcatheter procedures.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cânula , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(1): 40-49, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no recommendations regarding the minimum duration of in-hospital monitoring after transfemoral (TF) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and practices are extremely heterogeneous. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate length of stay (LOS) and predictive factors for late discharge after TF TAVR using data from the FRANCE TAVI registry. METHODS: TAVR was performed in 12,804 patients in 48 French centers between 2013 and 2015. LOS was evaluated in 5857 TF patients discharged home. LOS was calculated from TAVR procedure (day 0) to discharge. The study population was divided into three groups based on LOS values. Patients discharged within 3 days constituted the "very early" discharge group, patients with a LOS between 3 and 6 days constituted the "early" discharge group, and patients with a length of stay > 6 days constituted the "late" discharge group. RESULTS: The median LOS was 7 (5-9) days and was extremely variable among centers. The proportion of patients discharged very early, early, and late was 4.4% (n = 256), 33.7% (n = 1997), and 61.9% (n = 3624) respectively. Variables associated with late discharge were female sex, co-morbidities, major complications, self-expandable valve, general anesthesia, and a significant center effect. In contrast, history of previous pacemaker was a protective factor. The composite of death and re-admission in the very early and early versus late discharge groups was similar at 30 days (3.3% vs. 3.5%, p = 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: LOS is extremely variable after TF TAVR in France. Co-morbidities and complications were predictive factors of late discharge after TAVI. Interestingly, the use of self-expandable prosthesis and general anesthesia may also contribute to late discharge. Our results confirm that early discharge is safe.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
EuroIntervention ; 17(1): 23-31, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624457

RESUMO

The proposed 2020 Core Curriculum for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions aims to provide an updated European consensus that defines the level of experience and knowledge in the field of percutaneous cardiovascular intervention (PCI). It promotes homogenous education and training programmes among countries, and is the cornerstone of the new EAPCI certification, designed to support the recognition of competencies at the European level and the free movement of certified specialists in the European Community. It is based on a thorough review of the ESC guidelines and of the EAPCI textbook on percutaneous interventional cardiovascular medicine. The structure of the current core curriculum evolved from previous EAPCI core curricula and from the "2013 core curriculum of the general cardiologist" to follow the current ESC recommendations for core curricula. In most subject areas, there was a wide - if not unanimous - consensus among the task force members on the training required for the interventional cardiologist of the future. The document recommends that acquisition of competence in interventional cardiology requires at least two years of postgraduate training, in addition to four years devoted to cardiology. The first part of the curriculum covers general aspects of training and is followed by a comprehensive description of the specific components in 54 chapters. Each of the chapters includes statements of the objectives, and is further subdivided into the required knowledge, skills, behaviours, and attitudes.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Cardiologia/educação , Consenso , Currículo , Europa (Continente) , Humanos
20.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 9(4_suppl): S193-S202, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327761

RESUMO

Approximately 10% of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to hospital discharge. Improved management to improve outcomes is required, and it is proposed that such patients should be preferentially treated in cardiac arrest centres. The minimum requirements of therapy modalities for the cardiac arrest centre are 24/7 availability of an on-site coronary angiography laboratory, an emergency department, an intensive care unit, imaging facilities such as echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and a protocol outlining transfer of selected patients to cardiac arrest centres with additional resources (out-of-hospital cardiac arrest hub hospitals). These hub hospitals are regularly treating a high volume of patients and offer further treatment modalities. This consensus document describes the aims, the minimal requirements for therapeutic modalities and expertise, and the structure, of a cardiac arrest centre. It represents a consensus among the major European medical associations and societies involved in the treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Consenso , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Medicina de Emergência , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Sociedades Médicas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos
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