Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 77
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658645

RESUMO

LyMA trial has demonstrated the benefit of rituximab maintenance after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in previously untreated mantle-cell lymphoma patients (MCL). Induction consisted of four courses of R-DHAP (rituximab, dexamethasone, high-dose cytarabine, and platinum derivative). The platinum derivative (PD) choice was free: R-DHA-cisplatin, R-DHA-carboplatin, or R-DHA-oxaliplatin. We investigated the prognostic impact of each PD. PFS and OS calculated from inclusion and investigated in an intention-to-treat (ITT) (= 298) and per-protocol analyses (PP) (n = 227). R-DHACis, R-DHACa, or R-DHAOx were used at first cycle in 184, 76, and 38 patients, respectively. Overall, 71 patients (59 in the R-DHACis) required a change in PD, mainly because of PD toxicity. In ITT-analysis, PFS in the R-DHACis and R-DHACa groups were similar (4-year PFS of 65%), while R-DHAOx had a better PFS (4-year PFS of 65% versus 86.5%, respectively, HR = 0.44, p = 0.02). The 4-year OS was 92% for R-DHAOx versus 75.9% for R-DHACis/DHACa (HR = 0.37, p = 0.03). Similar results were yielded in the PP analysis. Low MIPI and R-DHAOx were independent favorable prognostic markers for both PFS (HR = 0.44, p = 0.035) and OS (HR = 0.36, p = 0.045). In vitro and in silico analyses confirmed that oxaliplatin has an anti-MCL cytotoxic effect that differs from that of other PD. R-DHAOx before ASCT provides better outcome in transplantation eligible young MCL patients.

2.
Blood ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598678

RESUMO

Conventional therapies for patients with T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) such as cytotoxic chemotherapy and alemtuzumab have limited efficacy and considerable toxicity. Several novel agent classes have demonstrated preclinical activity in T-PLL, including inhibitors of the JAK/STAT and TCR pathways, as well as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. Recently, the BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax also showed some clinical activity in T-PLL. We sought to characterize functional apoptotic dependencies in T-PLL to identify novel combination therapy in this disease. Twenty-four primary T-PLL patient samples were studied using BH3 profiling, a functional assay to assess the propensity of a cell to undergo apoptosis ('priming') and the relative dependence of a cell on different anti-apoptotic proteins. Primary T-PLL cells had a relatively low level of priming for apoptosis, and predominantly depended on BCL-2 and MCL-1 for survival. Selective pharmacologic inhibition of BCL-2 or MCL-1 induced cell death in primary T-PLL cells. Targeting JAK/STAT pathway with the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib or HDAC with belinostat both independently increased dependence on BCL-2 but not MCL-1, thereby sensitizing T-PLL cells to venetoclax. Based on these results, we treated two patients with refractory T-PLL with the combination of venetoclax and ruxolitinib. We observed a deep response in the JAK3-mutated T-PLL and a stabilization of the unmutated disease. Our functional, precision medicine-based approach identified inhibitors of HDAC and the JAK/STAT pathway as promising combination partners for venetoclax, warranting further exploration of such combinations clinically in T-PLL.

3.
Leukemia ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934355

RESUMO

Measurable residual disease (MRD) status is widely adopted in clinical trials in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Findings from FILO group trials (CLL2007FMP, CLL2007SA, CLL2010FMP) enabled investigation of the prognostic value of high-sensitivity (0.7 × 10-5) MRD assessment using flow cytometry, in blood (N = 401) and bone marrow (N = 339), after fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR)-based chemoimmunotherapy in a homogeneous population with long follow-up (median 49.5 months). Addition of low-level positive MRD < 0.01% to MRD ≥ 0.01% increased the proportion of cases with positive MRD in blood by 39% and in bone marrow by 27%. Compared to low-level positive MRD < 0.01%, undetectable MRD was associated with significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) when using blood (72.2 versus 42.7 months; hazard ratio 0.40, p = 0.0003), but not when using bone marrow. Upon further stratification, positive blood MRD at any level, compared to undetectable blood MRD, was associated with shorter PFS irrespective of clinical complete or partial remission, and a lower 5-year PFS rate irrespective of IGHV-mutated or -unmutated status (all p < 0.05). In conclusion, high-sensitivity (0.0007%) MRD assessment in blood yielded additional prognostic information beyond the current standard sensitivity (0.01%). Our approach provides a model for future determination of the optimal MRD investigative strategy for any regimen.

4.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(7): e511-e522, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive cancer with a median overall survival of less than 6 months. We aimed to assess the response to single-agent selinexor, an oral selective inhibitor of nuclear export, in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL who had no therapeutic options of potential clinical benefit. METHODS: SADAL was a multicentre, multinational, open-label, phase 2b study done in 59 sites in 19 countries. Patients aged 18 years or older with pathologically confirmed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2 or less, who had received two to five lines of previous therapies, and progressed after or were not candidates for autologous stem-cell transplantation were enrolled. Germinal centre B-cell or non-germinal centre B-cell tumour subtype and double or triple expressor status were determined by immunohistochemistry and double or triple hit status was determined by cytogenetics. Patients received 60 mg selinexor orally on days 1 and 3 weekly until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The study was initially designed to evaluate both 60 mg and 100 mg twice-weekly doses of selinexor; however, the 100 mg dose was discontinued in the protocol (version 7.0) on March 29, 2017, when an improved therapeutic window was observed at 60 mg. Primary outcome was overall response rate. The primary outcome and safety were assessed in all patients who received 60 mg selinexor under protocol version 6.0, or enrolled under protocol versions 7.0 or higher and received at least one dose of selinexor. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02227251 (active but not enrolling). FINDINGS: Between Oct 21, 2015, and Nov 2, 2019, 267 patients were randomly assigned, with 175 allocated to the 60 mg group and 92 to the discontinued 100 mg group. 48 patients assigned to the 60 mg group were excluded due to enrolment before version 6.0 of the protocol; the remaining 127 patients received selinexor 60 mg and were included in analyses of primary outcome and safety. The overall response rate was 28% (36/127; 95% CI 20·7-37·0); 15 (12%) achieved a complete response and 21 (17%) a partial response. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were thrombocytopenia (n=58), neutropenia (n=31), anaemia (n=28), fatigue (n=14), hyponatraemia (n=10), and nausea (n=8). The most common serious adverse events were pyrexia (n=9), pneumonia (n=6), and sepsis (n=6). There were no deaths judged as related to treatment with selinexor. INTERPRETATION: Single-drug oral selinexor induced durable responses and had a manageable adverse events profile in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL who received at least two lines of previous chemoimmunotherapy. Selinexor could be considered a new oral, non-cytotoxic treatment option in this setting. FUNDING: Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Hidrazinas/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Carioferinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores
5.
Blood Adv ; 4(9): 2011-2017, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396614

RESUMO

The conditional survival of patients after frontline therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) approaches that of the general population once patients have survived disease free for 2 years. We sought to determine the conditional survival of patients among patients with relapsed de novo DLBCL successfully undergoing an autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT) after first relapse. A total of 478 patients with de novo DLBCL, relapsed after 1 treatment from the Collaborative Trial in Relapsed Aggressive Lymphoma (CORAL) and LY.12, were included. Patients were followed prospectively after ASCT for a median of 5.3 and 8.2 years, respectively. Individual patient data were analyzed for event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were estimated using French and Canadian life tables. The EFS estimates declined with each year of follow-up after ASCT and were 50.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 43.7% to 56.3%) and 43.4% (95% CI: 36.7% to 49.9%) at 5 years in CORAL and LY.12, respectively. The rate of death stabilized once patients achieved at least 4 years of EFS. Compared with the age- and sex-matched population, the SMR was significantly higher until 5 years after ASCT, when values were no longer statistically significant. Patients undergoing ASCT for relapsed DLBCL continue to have a higher rate of death at least until they have survived event free for 5 years. These observations can help to determine endpoints for future clinical trials in this population and for patient counseling. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00078949.

6.
Blood ; 135(13): 996-1007, 2020 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977002

RESUMO

Treatment options for relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are limited, with no standard of care; prognosis is poor, with 4- to 6-month median survival. Avadomide (CC-122) is a cereblon-modulating agent with immunomodulatory and direct antitumor activities. This phase 1 dose-expansion study assessed safety and clinical activity of avadomide monotherapy in patients with de novo R/R DLBCL and transformed lymphoma. Additionally, a novel gene expression classifier, which identifies tumors with a high immune cell infiltration, was shown to enrich for response to avadomide in R/R DLBCL. Ninety-seven patients with R/R DLBCL, including 12 patients with transformed lymphoma, received 3 to 5 mg avadomide administered on continuous or intermittent schedules until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression, or withdrawal. Eighty-two patients (85%) experienced ≥1 grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), most commonly neutropenia (51%), infections (24%), anemia (12%), and febrile neutropenia (10%). Discontinuations because of AEs occurred in 10% of patients. Introduction of an intermittent 5/7-day schedule improved tolerability and reduced frequency and severity of neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and infections. Among 84 patients with de novo R/R DLBCL, overall response rate (ORR) was 29%, including 11% complete response (CR). Responses were cell-of-origin independent. Classifier-positive DLBCL patients (de novo) had an ORR of 44%, median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 6 months, and 16% CR vs an ORR of 19%, mPFS of 1.5 months, and 5% CR in classifier-negative patients (P = .0096). Avadomide is being evaluated in combination with other antilymphoma agents. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01421524.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Piperidonas/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinonas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Biomarcadores , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Piperidonas/administração & dosagem , Piperidonas/efeitos adversos , Piperidonas/farmacocinética , Prognóstico , Quinazolinonas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinonas/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Recidiva , Retratamento , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
QJM ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by hyperimmune response. The mortality is high despite progress being made in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. AIM: This review aimed to update knowledge on adult HLH pathophysiology, identifiy the numerous causes, and help clinicians make early diagnosis and initiate treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using Embase, we searched relevant articles published from January 1, 2010 to October 31, 2019, with the MESH term « hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis; macrophagic activation syndrome, adult ¼. RESULTS: The mean age at presentation is about 50 years, with a male predominance. The most frequent disease associations are haematological diseases, viral or bacterial infections, and autoimmune diseases. The pathophysiologic mechanism is probably the combination of inherited genetic mutations and extrinsic triggers. The mortality rate is 26.5% to 74.8%. H-score is more efficient than HLH-2004 criteria to identify HLH, with diagnostic sensitivity and specificity 90% and 79%, respectively.18F-FDG PET/CT is potentially useful for detecting underlying disease and the extent of secondary HLH. Disease-specific treatment should be given as soon as possible. Treatment with corticosteroids combined or not with etoposide is the mainstay of treatment. Monoclonal antibodies and JAK pathway inhibitors show promise of being effective. CONCLUSION: In adult HLH, infectious diseases, autoimmune disease and malignancy should be suspected so that disease-specific treatment can be given promptly. Treatment with corticosteroids combined or not with etoposide is the mainstay of treatment, but new therapies show promise of being effective.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600729

RESUMO

Summary: A 26-year-old woman presented with persistent headache and tiredness. Biological investigations disclosed a moderate inflammatory syndrome, low PTH-hypercalcemia and complete anterior hypopituitarism. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pituitary gland was performed and revealed a symmetric enlargement with a heterogeneous signal. Ophthalmological examination showed an asymptomatic bilateral anterior and posterior uveitis, and a diagnosis of pituitary sarcoidosis was suspected. As the localization of lymphadenopathies on the fused whole-body FDG-PET/computerized tomography (CT) was not evoking a sarcoidosis in first instance, an excisional biopsy of a left supraclavicular adenopathy was performed showing classic nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). A diagnostic transsphenoidal biopsy of the pituitary gland was proposed for accurate staging of the HL and surprisingly revealed typical granulomatous inflammation secondary to sarcoidosis, leading to the diagnosis of a sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. The co-existence of these diseases constitutes a diagnostic challenge and we emphasize the necessity of exact staging of disease in order to prescribe adequate treatment. Learning points: The possibility of a sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome, although rare, should be kept in mind during evaluation for lymphadenopathies. In the case of such association, lymphoma usually occurs after sarcoidosis. However, sarcoidosis and lymphoma can be detected simultaneously and development of sarcoidosis in a patient with previous lymphoma has also been reported. An accurate diagnosis of the disease and the respective organ involvements, including biopsy, is necessary in order to prescribe adequate treatment.

11.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(4): 1043-1052, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277098

RESUMO

High-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangements are highly aggressive B-cell lymphomas called double-hit lymphomas (HGBL-DH). They are particularly refractory to standard treatments and carry a poor prognosis. Fragments of resected tumoral lymph nodes from two HGBL-DH patients were put in culture. Continuously proliferating cells were characterized and compared with the original tumors. In both cases, the proliferating cells and the tumor displayed MYC and BCL2 rearrangements. Both cell lines (called LB5848-LYMP and LB5871-LYMP) presented a high proliferation rate and were maintained in culture for more than one year. Upon injection in immunodeficient mice, LB5848-LYMP gave rise to lymphoid tumors. In vitro treatment of these cell lines with a BCL2-inhibitory drug (ABT-199) selectively stopped their proliferation. These new cell lines represent valuable tools for studying HGBL-DH and for the in vitro testing of candidate therapies targeting HGBL-DH. LB5848-LYMP is also suitable for similar experiments in vivo.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Rearranjo Gênico , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Biópsia , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Br J Haematol ; 182(5): 633-643, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808921

RESUMO

Despite progress in the upfront treatment of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), patients still experience relapses. Salvage chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard second-line treatment for relapsed and refractory (R/R) DLBCL. However, half of the patients will not be eligible for transplantation due to ineffective salvage treatment, and the other half will relapse after ASCT. In randomized studies, no salvage chemotherapy regimen is superior to another. The outcomes are affected by the secondary International Prognostic Index at relapse and various biological factors. The strategy is less clear in patients who require third-line treatment. A multicohort retrospective non-Hodgkin lymphoma research (SCHOLAR-1) study conducted in 636 patients with refractory DLBCL showed an objective response rate of 26% (complete response 7%) to the next line of therapy with a median overall survival of 6·3 months. In the case of a response followed by transplantation, long-term survival can be achieved in DLBCL patients. There is clearly a need for new drugs that improve salvage efficacy. Encouraging results have been reported with chimeric antigen receptor -T cell engineering, warranting further studies in a well-defined control group of refractory patients. The Collaborative Trial in Relapsed Aggressive Lymphoma (CORAL) was used as a handy framework to build the discussion.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos
13.
Haematologica ; 103(8): 1278-1287, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724903

RESUMO

Heterozygous germline GATA2 mutations strongly predispose to leukemia, immunodeficiency, and/or lymphoedema. We describe a series of 79 patients (53 families) diagnosed since 2011, made up of all patients in France and Belgium, with a follow up of 2249 patients/years. Median age at first clinical symptoms was 18.6 years (range, 0-61 years). Severe infectious diseases (mycobacteria, fungus, and human papilloma virus) and hematologic malignancies were the most common first manifestations. The probability of remaining symptom-free was 8% at 40 years old. Among the 53 probands, 24 had missense mutations including 4 recurrent alleles, 21 had nonsense or frameshift mutations, 4 had a whole-gene deletion, 2 had splice defects, and 2 patients had complex mutations. There were significantly more cases of leukemia in patients with missense mutations (n=14 of 34) than in patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations (n=2 of 28). We also identify new features of the disease: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy related to the JC virus, and immune/inflammatory diseases. A revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score allowed a distinction to be made between a stable disease and hematologic transformation. Chemotherapy is of limited efficacy, and has a high toxicity with severe infectious complications. As the mortality rate is high in our cohort (up to 35% at the age of 40), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the best choice of treatment to avoid severe infectious and/or hematologic complications. The timing of HSCT remains difficult to determine, but the earlier it is performed, the better the outcome.


Assuntos
Deficiência de GATA2/epidemiologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , França , Deficiência de GATA2/complicações , Deficiência de GATA2/genética , Deficiência de GATA2/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Infecções/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Transplantation ; 102(11): 1914-1923, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29757894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guideline recommendations for immunosuppression reduction after diagnosis of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) include stopping antimetabolites, reducing calcineurin inhibitors, and maintaining corticosteroids. However, the effect of immunosuppression on PTLD relapse risk after up-to-date therapy is unclear. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of immunosuppression, patient baseline characteristics, and relapse risk measured as landmark time to progression (TTP) starting 1 year after start of therapy in 159 patients with B cell PTLD after solid organ transplantation treated in the prospective, international, multicenter PTLD-1 trials with either sequential treatment (rituximab followed by cyclophosphamide (CHOP-21 chemotherapy) 750 mg/m intravenously [IV] day (d) 1, doxorubicin 50 mg/m IV d1, vincristine 1.4 mg/m (maximum, 2 mg) IV d1, and prednisone 50 mg/m PO d1-5, every 21 days) or risk-stratified sequential treatment (rituximab followed by rituximab or rituximab (R-CHOP-21 immunochemotherapy) 375 mg/m IV day (d) 1, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m IV d1, doxorubicin 50 mg/m IV d1, vincristine 1.4 mg/m (max. 2 mg) IV d1, and prednisone 50 mg/m PO d1-5, every 21 days). RESULTS: Patient baseline characteristics at diagnosis of PTLD differed significantly depending on immunosuppression before diagnosis. Compared with immunosuppression before diagnosis, significantly fewer patients received an antimetabolite or a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) after diagnosis of PTLD. Relapse risk measured as landmark TTP was significantly higher for patients on corticosteroids compared to all others (P = 0.010) as well as for patients on ciclosporin compared with those on tacrolimus (P = 0.002), but similar for those on antimetabolites compared with all others (P = 0.912). In a Cox regression analysis of landmark TTP, corticosteroid-containing immunosuppression after diagnosis of PTLD (P = 0.002; hazard ratio, 11.195) and age (P = 0.001; hazard ratio, 1.076/year) were identified as independent, significant risk factors for PTLD relapse. CONCLUSIONS: In the prospective PTLD-1 trials, corticosteroid use after diagnosis of PTLD is associated with an increased risk of relapse, whereas the use of antimetabolites is not. These findings require prospective validation.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antimetabólitos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Inibidores de Calcineurina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Calcineurina/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Blood ; 132(1): 49-58, 2018 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29666118

RESUMO

In follicular lymphoma (FL), no prognostic index has been built based solely on a cohort of patients treated with initial immunochemotherapy. There is currently a need to define parsimonious clinical models for trial stratification and to add on biomolecular factors. Here, we confirmed the validity of both the follicular lymphoma international prognostic index (FLIPI) and the FLIPI2 in the large prospective PRIMA trial cohort of 1135 patients treated with initial R-chemotherapy ± R maintenance. Furthermore, we developed a new prognostic tool comprising only 2 simple parameters (bone marrow involvement and ß2-microglobulin [ß2m]) to predict progression-free survival (PFS). The final simplified score, called the PRIMA-PI (PRIMA-prognostic index), comprised 3 risk categories: high (ß2m > 3 mg/L), low (ß2m ≤ 3 mg/L without bone marrow involvement), and intermediate (ß2m ≤ 3 mg/L with bone marrow involvement). Five-year PFS rates were 69%, 55%, and 37% in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively (P < .0001). In addition, achieving event-free survival (EFS) or not at 24 months (EFS24) was a strong posttreatment prognostic parameter for subsequent overall survival, and the PRIMA-PI was correlated with EFS24. The results were confirmed in a pooled external validation cohort of 479 patients from the FL2000 LYSA trial and the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic Lymphoma Specialized Program of Research Excellence Molecular Epidemiology Resource. Five-year EFS in the validation cohort was 77%, 57%, and 44% in the PRIMA-PI low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively (P < .0001). The PRIMA-PI is a novel and easy-to-compute prognostic index for patients initially treated with immunochemotherapy. This could serve as a basis for building more sophisticated and integrated biomolecular scores.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia , Linfoma Folicular , Idoso , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Microglobulina beta-2/metabolismo
17.
Haematologica ; 103(5): 840-848, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351986

RESUMO

JAK2 constitutive activation/overexpression is common in classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and several cytokines stimulate Hodgkin lymphoma cells by recognizing JAK1-/JAK2-bound receptors. JAK blockade may thus be therapeutically beneficial in Hodgkin lymphoma. In this phase II study we assessed the safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib, an oral JAK1/2 inhibitor, in patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. The primary objective was overall response rate according to the International Harmonization Project 2007 criteria. Thirty-three patients with advanced disease (median number of prior lines of treatment: 5; refractory: 82%) were included; nine (27.3%) received at least six cycles of ruxolitinib and six (18.2%) received more than six cycles. The overall response rate after six cycles was 9.4% (3/32 patients). All three responders had partial responses; another 11 patients had transient stable disease. Best overall response rate was 18.8% (6/32 patients). Rapid alleviation of B-symptoms was common. The median duration of response was 7.7 months, median progression-free survival 3.5 months (95% CI: 1.9-4.6), and the median overall survival 27.1 months (95% CI: 14.4-27.1). Forty adverse events were reported in 14/33 patients (42.4%). One event led to treatment discontinuation, while 87.5% of patients recovered without sequelae. Twenty-five adverse events were grade 3 or higher. These events were mostly anemia (n=11), all considered related to ruxolitinib. Other main causes of grade 3 or higher adverse events included lymphopenia and infections. Of note, no cases of grade 4 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia were observed. Ruxolitinib shows signs of activity, albeit short-lived, beyond a simple anti-inflammatory effect. Its limited toxicity suggests that it has the potential to be combined with other therapeutic modalities. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01877005.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(2): e82-e94, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia relapse after initial therapy combining chemotherapy with rituximab. We assessed the efficacy and safety of rituximab maintenance treatment versus observation for elderly patients in remission after front-line abbreviated induction by fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR). METHODS: This randomised, open-label, multicentre phase 3 trial at 89 centres in France enrolled treatment-naive and fit patients aged 65 years or older with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia without del(17p). Eligible patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 and adequate renal and hepatic function. Patients in response to complete induction treatment with four monthly courses of full-dose FCR with two interim rituximab doses on day 14 of cycles 1 and 2 (oral fludarabine [40 mg/m2 per day] and oral cyclophosphamide [250 mg/m2 per day] for the first 3 days of each cycle, rituximab at 375 mg/m2 intravenously on day 0 of cycle 1 and subsequently at 500 mg/m2 on day 14 of cycle 1, days 1 and 14 of cycle 2, and day 1 of cycles 3 and 4) were eligible for randomisation. Recovery from FCR toxicity and patient willingness to continue the trial were mandatory. We randomly assigned (1:1) patients to either receive intravenous rituximab (500 mg/m2) every 8 weeks for up to 2 years or undergo observation, with a central computer-generated randomisation list using randomly permuted blocks of variable sizes. Randomisation was stratified by IGHV mutational status, the presence or absence of del(11q), and response level to induction treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, with the objective to assess the superiority of rituximab maintenance relative to observation. The final analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug in the rituximab group and in all patients in the observation group. This trial is closed to accrual whilst continuing patient follow-up. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00645606. FINDINGS: Between Dec 14, 2007, and Feb 18, 2014, 542 patients were enrolled, of whom 525 started FCR induction. Between June 10, 2008, and Aug 14, 2014, 409 (78%) patients were randomly assigned to rituximab maintenance (n=202) or observation (n=207). Four (2%) patients in the rituximab group did not receive the allocated treatment (progressive disease [n=1], adverse events [n=3]). After a median follow-up of 47·7 months (IQR 30·4-65·8), median progression-free survival in the rituximab group (59·3 months, 95% CI 49·6-not estimable) was improved compared with the observation group (49·0 months, 39·9-60·5; hazard ratio 0·55, 95% CI 0·40-0·75; p=0·0002). Neutropenia and grade 3-4 infections were more common with rituximab maintenance (105 [53%] of 198 patients vs 74 [36%] of 207 patients and 38 [19%] vs 21 [10%], respectively) during the study. The most common grade 3-4 infection was lower respiratory tract infection (24 [12%] vs eight [4%]). The incidence of second cancers, except basal cell carcinoma, was similar in both groups (29 [15%] vs 23 [11%]). Deaths were related to adverse events for 23 (11%) patients in the rituximab group and 16 (8%) in the observation group. INTERPRETATION: 2-year maintenance rituximab in selected elderly patients improves progression-free survival and shows an acceptable safety profile. Immunotherapy maintenance strategy is a relevant option in front-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, even in the age of targeted therapy. FUNDING: French National Cancer Institute (INCa), Roche, Chugai.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Rituximab/farmacologia
20.
BMJ Open ; 7(11): e017075, 2017 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29133316

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: NKR-2 are autologous T cells genetically modified to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) comprising a fusion of the natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) receptor with the CD3ζ signalling domain, which associates with the adaptor molecule DNAX-activating protein of 10 kDa (DAP10) to provide co-stimulatory signal upon ligand binding. NKG2D binds eight different ligands expressed on the cell surface of many tumour cells and which are normally absent on non-neoplastic cells. In preclinical studies, NKR-2 demonstrated long-term antitumour activity towards a breadth of tumour indications, with maximum efficacy observed after multiple NKR-2 administrations. Importantly, NKR-2 targeted tumour cells and tumour neovasculature and the local tumour immunosuppressive microenvironment and this mechanism of action of NKR-2 was established in the absence of preconditioning. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This open-label phase I study will assess the safety and clinical activity of NKR-2 treatment administered three times, with a 2-week interval between each administration in different tumour types. The study will contain two consecutive segments: a dose escalation phase followed by an expansion phase. The dose escalation study involves two arms, one in solid tumours (five specific indications) and one in haematological tumours (two specific indications) and will include three dose levels in each arm: 3×108, 1×109 and 3×109 NKR-2 per injection. On the identification of the recommended dose in the first segment, based on dose-limiting toxicity occurrences, the study will expand to seven different cohorts examining the seven different tumour types separately. Clinical responses will be determined according to standard Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria for solid tumours or international working group response criteria in haematological tumours. ETHICS APPROVAL AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained at all sites. Written informed consent will be taken from all participants. The results of this study will be disseminated through presentation at international scientific conferences and reported in peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03018405, EudraCT 2016-003312-12; Pre-result.


Assuntos
Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/administração & dosagem , Metástase Neoplásica/terapia , Neoplasias/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Bélgica , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Neoplasias/classificação , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...