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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949141

RESUMO

Objective: Uniform data collection is fundamental for multicentre clinical trials. We aim to determine the variability, between ALS trial centers, in the prevalence of unexpected or implausible improvements in the revised ALS functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R) score, and its associations with individual patient and item characteristics.Methods: We used data from two multicentre studies to estimate the prevalence of an unexpected increase or implausible improvement in the ALSFRS-R score, defined as an increase of 5 points or more between two consecutive, monthly visits. For each patient with a 5-point or more increase, we evaluated the individual contribution of each ALSFRS-R item.Results: Longitudinal ALSFRS-R scores, originating from 114 trial centers enrolling a total of 1,240 patients, were analyzed. A 5-point or more increase in ALSFRS-R total score was found in 151 (12.2%) patients, with prevalence per study center ranging from 0% to 83%. Bulbar onset, faster disease progression at enrollment, and a lower ALSFRS-R score at baseline were associated with a sudden 5-point or more increase in the ALSFRS-R total score. ALSFRS-R items 2 (saliva), 9 (stairs), 10 (dyspnea), and 11 (orthopnea) were the primary drivers when a 5-point or more increase occurred.Conclusions: Sudden 5-point or more increases in ALSFRS-R total scores between two consecutive visits are relatively common. These sudden increases were not found to occur with equal frequency in trial centers; which underscores the need for amending existing standard operating procedures toward a universal version and monitoring of data quality during the study, in multicentre research.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) show considerable variation in symptoms. Treatments targeting an overall improvement in symptomatology may not address what the majority of patients consider to be most important. Here, we propose a composite endpoint for ALS clinical trials that weighs the improvement in symptoms compared with what the patient population actually wants. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent out to a population-based registry in The Netherlands. Patients with ALS were asked to score functional domains with a validated self-reported questionnaire, and rank the order of importance of each domain. This information was used to estimate variability in patient preferences and to develop the Patient-Ranked Order of Function (PROOF) endpoint. RESULTS: There was extensive variability in patient preferences among the 433 responders. The majority of the patients (62.1%) preferred to prioritise certain symptoms over others when evaluating treatments. The PROOF endpoint was established by comparing each patient in the treatment arm to each patient in the placebo arm, based on their preferred order of functional domains. PROOF averages all pairwise comparisons, and reflects the probability that a patient receiving treatment has a better outcome on domains that are most important to them, compared with a patient receiving placebo. By means of simulation we illustrate how incorporating patient preference may upgrade or downgrade trial results. CONCLUSIONS: The PROOF endpoint provides a balanced patient-focused analysis of the improvement in function and may help to refine the risk-benefit assessment of new treatments for ALS.

3.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 132(12): 3152-3159, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine which compound muscle action potential (CMAP) scan-derived electrophysiological markers are most sensitive for monitoring disease progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and whether they hold value for clinical trials. METHODS: We used four independent patient cohorts to assess longitudinal patterns of a comprehensive set of electrophysiological markers including their association with the ALS functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R). Results were translated to trial sample size requirements. RESULTS: In 65 patients, 225 thenar CMAP scan recordings were obtained. Electrophysiological markers showed extensive variation in their longitudinal trajectories. Expressed as standard deviations per month, motor unit number estimation (MUNE) values declined by 0.09 (CI 0.07-0.12), D50, a measure that quantifies CMAP scan discontinuities, declined by 0.09 (CI 0.06-0.13) and maximum CMAP by 0.05 (CI 0.03-0.08). ALSFRS-R declined fastest (0.12, CI 0.08 - 0.15), however the between-patient variability was larger compared to electrophysiological markers, resulting in larger sample sizes. MUNE reduced the sample size by 19.1% (n = 388 vs n = 314) for a 6-month study compared to the ALSFRS-R. CONCLUSIONS: CMAP scan-derived markers show promise in monitoring disease progression in ALS patients, where MUNE may be its most suitable derivate. SIGNIFICANCE: MUNE may increase clinical trial efficiency compared to clinical endpoints.

4.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-11, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Determine vitamin B12 threshold levels below which additional testing of methylmalonic acid (MMA) and/or homocysteine (Hcy) is useful to diagnose metabolic vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with polyneuropathy, and how vitamin B12, MMA and Hcy levels relate to the effect of supplementation therapy. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 331 patients with polyneuropathy, vitamin B12, MMA and Hcy were measured. Linear regression models with vitamin B12 as dependent and Hcy or MMA as covariate were compared, to assess which was best related to vitamin B12. Threshold vitamin B12 levels for metabolic deficiency (defined as elevatede metabolites) were determined using logistic regression with elevated metabolites as dependent and vitamin B12 as covariate.. A structured interview was conducted in 42 patients to evaluate response to vitamin B12 supplementation. RESULTS: MMA was best related to vitamin B12. Using elevated MMA for metabolic deficiency, we found 90% sensitivity at a vitamin B12 threshold level <264 pmol/L (358 pg/mL) and 95% sensitivity at <304 pmol/L (412 pg/mL). Improvement after supplementation was reported by 19% patients and stabilization by 24%. 88% of patients with improvement and 90% with stabilization either had absolute deficiency (Vitamin B12 < 148 pmol/L) or metabolic deficiency (elevated MMA and vitamin B12 ≥ 148 pmol/L). There were no additional patients with improvement or stabilization with isolated elevated Hcy. CONCLUSION: Testing of MMA has additional value in identifying patients with clinically relevant metabolic deficiency when vitamin B12 is below 304 pmol/L (412 pg/mL). Supplementation can be effective in patients with absolute and metabolic deficiency.

5.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(9): e28766, 2021 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550089

RESUMO

Despite recent and potent technological advances, the real-world implementation of remote digital health technology in the care and monitoring of patients with motor neuron disease has not yet been realized. Digital health technology may increase the accessibility to and personalization of care, whereas remote biosensors could optimize the collection of vital clinical parameters, irrespective of patients' ability to visit the clinic. To facilitate the wide-scale adoption of digital health care technology and to align current initiatives, we outline a road map that will identify clinically relevant digital parameters; mediate the development of benefit-to-burden criteria for innovative technology; and direct the validation, harmonization, and adoption of digital health care technology in real-world settings. We define two key end products of the road map: (1) a set of reliable digital parameters to capture data collected under free-living conditions that reflect patient-centric measures and facilitate clinical decision making and (2) an integrated, open-source system that provides personalized feedback to patients, health care providers, clinical researchers, and caregivers and is linked to a flexible and adaptable platform that integrates patient data in real time. Given the ever-changing care needs of patients and the relentless progression rate of motor neuron disease, the adoption of digital health care technology will significantly benefit the delivery of care and accelerate the development of effective treatments.


Assuntos
Doença dos Neurônios Motores , Tecnologia Biomédica , Cuidadores , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/diagnóstico , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/terapia , Tecnologia
6.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(11): 3615-3625, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To establish the utility of venous creatinine as a biomarker to monitor loss of fat-free mass in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: In this multicenter natural history study, body composition and venous creatinine were assessed in 107 patients with ALS and 52 healthy controls. Longitudinal patterns of venous creatinine and its association with the risk of death during follow-up were determined in a cohort of patients with ALS from Australia (n = 69) and the Netherlands (n = 38). RESULTS: The mean levels of venous creatinine were 75.78 ± 11.15 µmol/L for controls, 70.25 ± 12.81 µmol/L for Australian patients, and 59.95 ± 14.62 µmol/L for Dutch patients with ALS. The relationship between measures of venous creatinine and fat-free mass was similar between all groups (r = 0.36, p < 0.001). Within patients, fat-free mass declined by 0.31 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.40) kg/month, and venous creatinine declined by 0.52 (95% CI: 0.38-0.66) µmol/L/month, with a longitudinal correlation of 0.57 (95% CI: 0.35-0.76, p < 0.001). Lower levels of venous creatinine were associated with increased risk for earlier death in patients with ALS (hazard ratio = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.90-0.98, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Venous creatinine is decreased in ALS and declines alongside a decline in fat-free mass over the course of the disease, and may serve as a practical marker to monitor the change of fat-free mass in patients with ALS. This could inform clinical care and provide an alternative endpoint for the evaluation of therapeutic interventions that focus on slowing the loss of fat-free mass and disease progression in ALS.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico , Austrália , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Progressão da Doença , Humanos
7.
Neurology ; 97(11): 528-536, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315786

RESUMO

Development of effective treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been hampered by disease heterogeneity, a limited understanding of underlying pathophysiology, and methodologic design challenges. We have evaluated 2 major themes in the design of pivotal, phase 3 clinical trials for ALS-(1) patient selection and (2) analytical strategy-and discussed potential solutions with the European Medicines Agency. Several design considerations were assessed using data from 5 placebo-controlled clinical trials (n = 988), 4 population-based cohorts (n = 5,100), and 2,436 placebo-allocated patients from the Pooled Resource Open-Access ALS Clinical Trials (PRO-ACT) database. The validity of each proposed design modification was confirmed by means of simulation and illustrated for a hypothetical setting. Compared to classical trial design, the proposed design modifications reduce the sample size by 30.5% and placebo exposure time by 35.4%. By making use of prognostic survival models, one creates a potential to include a larger proportion of the population and maximize generalizability. We propose a flexible design framework that naturally adapts the trial duration when inaccurate assumptions are made at the design stage, such as enrollment or survival rate. In case of futility, the follow-up time is shortened and patient exposure to ineffective treatments or placebo is minimized. For diseases such as ALS, optimizing the use of resources, widening eligibility criteria, and minimizing exposure to futile treatments and placebo is critical to the development of effective treatments. Our proposed design modifications could circumvent important pitfalls and may serve as a blueprint for future clinical trials in this population.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Fatores de Risco
8.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(7): 2327-2338, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nerve ultrasound is a promising new tool in chronic inflammatory neuropathies. The aim of this study was to determine its prognostic value in a prospective multicenter cohort study including incident and prevalent patients with CIDP and MMN. METHODS: We enrolled 126 patients with CIDP, and 72 with MMN; 71 were treatment-naive. Patients with chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP; n = 35) were considered as disease controls. Standardized neurological examination, questionnaires, and nerve ultrasonography were obtained at time of inclusion and 1-year follow-up. Nerve size development over time and correlation between nerve size and clinical outcome measures were determined using linear mixed effects models. RESULTS: Nerve size development over time was heterogeneous. Only in MMN was there a correlation between C5 nerve root size and deterioration of grip strength (-1.3 kPa/mm2 (95% confidence interval [CI] -2.3 to -0.2). No other significant correlations between nerve size and clinical outcome measures were found. In MMN, presence of nerve enlargement at inclusion predicted deterioration of grip strength, and MMN patients with enlargement confined to the brachial plexus seemed to have more favorable outcomes. No other predictive effects of sonographic nerve size were found. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that the natural course of nerve size development in CIDP and MMN is heterogeneous, and that the prognostic value of sonographic nerve enlargement is limited. It had some predictive effect in patients with MMN. Further research in specific subgroups of chronic inflammatory neuropathy is necessary to determine the usefulness of nerve ultrasonography after the diagnostic phase.


Assuntos
Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527843

RESUMO

Objective: The ALSFRS-R is limited by multidimensionality, which originates from the summation of various subscales. This prevents a direct comparison between patients with identical total scores. We aim to evaluate how multidimensionality affects the performance of the ALSFRS-R in clinical trials. Methods: We simulated clinical trial data with different treatment effects for the ALSFRS-R total score and its subscales (i.e. bulbar, fine motor, gross motor and respiratory). We considered scenarios where treatment reduced the rate of ALSFRS-R subscale decline either uniformly (i.e. all subscales respond identically to treatment) or non-uniformly (i.e. subscales respond differently to treatment). Two main analytical strategies were compared: (1) analyzing only the total score or (2) utilizing a subscale-based test (i.e. alternative strategy). For each analytical strategy, we calculated the empirical power and required sample size. Results: Both strategies are valid when there is no treatment benefit and provide adequate control of type 1 error. If all subscales respond identically to treatment, using the total score is the most powerful approach. As the differences in treatment responses between subscales increase, the more the total score becomes affected. For example, to detect a 40% reduction in the bulbar rate of decline with 80% power, the total score requires 1380 patients, whereas this is 336 when using the alternative strategy. Conclusions: Ignoring the multidimensional structure of the ALSFRS-R total score could have negative consequences for ALS clinical trials. We propose determining treatment benefit on a subscale level, prior to stating whether a treatment is generally effective.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Progressão da Doença , Amigos , Humanos
10.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 132(3): 800-807, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the availability of any motor unit reserve capacity during fatiguing endurance testing in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). METHODS: We recorded surface electromyography (sEMG) of various muscles of upper- and lower extremities of 70 patients with SMA types 2-4 and 19 healthy controls performing endurance shuttle tests (ESTs) of arm and legs. We quantitatively evaluated the development of fatigability and motor unit recruitment using time courses of median frequencies and amplitudes of sEMG signals. Linear mixed effect statistical models were used to evaluate group differences in median frequency and normalized amplitude at onset and its time course. RESULTS: Normalized sEMG amplitudes at onset of upper body ESTs were significantly higher in patients compared to controls, yet submaximal when related to maximal voluntary contractions, and showed an inverse correlation to SMA phenotype. sEMG median frequencies decreased and amplitudes increased in various muscles during execution of ESTs in patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: Decreasing median frequencies and increasing amplitudes reveal motor unit reserve capacity in individual SMA patients during ESTs at submaximal performance intensities. SIGNIFICANCE: Preserving, if not expanding motor unit reserve capacity may present a potential therapeutic target in clinical care to reduce fatigability in individual patients with SMA.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia/métodos , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/fisiopatologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Recrutamento Neurofisiológico/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/diagnóstico , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
11.
Phys Ther ; 101(5)2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: After stroke, people experience difficulties with walking that lead to restrictions in participation in daily life. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of virtual reality gait training (VRT) compared to non-virtual reality gait training (non-VRT) on participation in community-living people after stroke. METHODS: In this assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial with 2 parallel groups, people were included between 2 weeks and 6 months after stroke and randomly assigned to the VRT group or non-VRT group. Participants assigned to the VRT group received training on the Gait Real-time Analysis Interactive Lab (GRAIL), and participants assigned to the non-VRT group received treadmill training and functional gait exercises without virtual reality. Both training interventions consisted of 12 30-minute sessions during 6 weeks. The primary outcome was participation measured with the restrictions subscale of the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-P) 3 months postintervention. Secondary outcomes included subjective physical functioning, functional mobility, walking ability, dynamic balance, walking activity, fatigue, anxiety and depression, falls efficacy, and quality of life. RESULTS: Twenty-eight participants were randomly assigned to the VRT group and 27 to the non-VRT group, of whom 25 and 22 attended 75% or more of the training sessions, respectively. No significant differences between the groups were found over time for the USER-P restrictions subscale (1.23; 95% CI = -0.76 to 3.23) or secondary outcome measures. Patients' experiences with VRT were positive, and no serious adverse events were related to the interventions. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of VRT was not statistically different from non-VRT in improving participation in community-living people after stroke. IMPACT: Although outcomes were not statistically different, treadmill-based VRT was a safe and well-tolerated intervention that was positively rated by people after stroke. VR training might, therefore, be a valuable addition to stroke rehabilitation. LAY SUMMARY: VRT is feasible and was positively experienced by people after stroke. However, VRT was not more effective than non-VRT for improving walking ability and participation after stroke.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/reabilitação , Cooperação do Paciente , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Realidade Virtual , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
NMR Biomed ; 34(4): e4473, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Quantitative MRI (qMRI) of muscles is a promising tool to measure disease progression or to assess therapeutic effects in neuromuscular diseases. Longitudinal imaging studies are needed to show sensitivity of qMRI in detecting disease progression in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). In this pilot study we therefore studied one-year changes in quantitative MR parameters in relation to clinical scores. METHODS: We repeated quantitative 3 T MR analysis of thigh muscles and clinical testing one year after baseline in 10 treatment-naïve patients with SMA, 5 with Type 2 (21.6 ± 7.0 years) and 5 with Type 3 (33.4 ± 11.9 years). MR protocol consisted of Dixon, T2 mapping and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The temporal relation of parameters was examined with a mixed model. RESULTS: We detected a significant increase in fat fraction (baseline, 38.2% SE 0.6; follow-up, 39.5% SE 0.6; +1.3%, p = 0.001) in all muscles. Muscles with moderate to high fat infiltration at baseline show a larger increase over time (+1.6%, p < 0.001). We did not find any changes in DTI parameters except for low fat-infiltration muscles (m. adductor longus and m. biceps femoris (short head)). The T2 of muscles decreased from 28.2 ms to 28.0 ms (p = 0.07). Muscle strength and motor function scores were not significantly different between follow-up and baseline. CONCLUSION: Longitudinal imaging data show slow disease progression in skeletal muscle of the thigh of (young-) adult patients with SMA despite stable strength and motor function scores. Quantitative muscle imaging demonstrates potential as a biomarker for disease activity and monitoring of therapy response.

13.
Muscle Nerve ; 63(5): 678-682, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501670

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), knowledge about the pattern of treatment response in a wide spectrum of muscle groups, distal as well as proximal, after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) initiation is lacking. METHODS: Hand-held dynamometry data of 11 upper and lower limb muscles, from 47 patients with MMN was reviewed. Linear mixed models were used to determine the treatment response after IVIg initiation and its relationship with initial muscle weakness. RESULTS: All muscle groups showed a positive treatment response after IVIg initiation. Changes in SD scores ranged from +0.1 to +0.95. A strong association between weakness at baseline and the magnitude of the treatment response was found. DISCUSSION: Improved muscle strength in response to IVIg appears not only in distal, but to a similar degree also in proximal muscle groups in MMN, with the largest response in muscle groups that show the greatest initial weakness.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Debilidade Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Polineuropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Polineuropatias/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Neurology ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess time trends in MND incidence, prevalence and mortality and investigate geographical clustering of MND cases in the Netherlands from 1998 to 2017, we analyzed data from the Netherlands Personal Records database, the Netherlands MND Center and the Netherlands Patient Association of Neuromuscular Diseases. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, Poisson regression was used to assess time trends in MND risk. We calculated age- and sex-standardized, observed and expected cases for 1,694 areas. Bayesian smoothed risk mapping was used to investigate geographical MND risk. RESULTS: We identified 7,992 MND cases, reflecting an incidence of 2.64 (95% CI 2.62-2.67) per 100,000 person-years and a prevalence of 9.5 (95% CI 9.1-10.0) per 100,000 persons. Highest age-standardized prevalence and mortality rates occurred at a later age in men than in women (p<0.001). Unadjusted mortality rates increased by 53.2% from 2.57 in 1998 to 3.86 per 100,000 person-years in 2017. After adjustment for age and sex, an increase in MND mortality rate of 14.1% (95% CI 5.7%-23.2%, p<0.001) remained. MND relative risk ranged from 0.78 to 1.43 between geographical areas; multiple urban and rural high-risk areas were identified. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant national increase in MND mortality from 1998 through 2017, only partly explained by an ageing Dutch population, and also a geographic variability in MND risk, suggesting a role for environmental or demographic risk factors.

15.
Neurology ; 96(6): e845-e852, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between fatigability and muscle strength, motor function, neuromuscular junction (NMJ) function, and perceived fatigue in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), we assessed 61 patients with SMA. METHODS: Fatigability was defined as the inability to continue a 20-minute submaximal repetitive task of either walking or proximal or distal arm function and expressed as drop-out on the Endurance Shuttle Test Combined Score (ESTCS). We assessed muscle strength with the Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score, motor function with the Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) and Motor Function Measure (MFM), NMJ function with repetitive nerve stimulation of the accessory and ulnar nerve, and perceived fatigue with the PROMIS Fatigue Short Form questionnaire in 61 children and adults with SMA types 2-4. We applied Cox regression analysis to explore the associations between fatigability and these factors. RESULTS: The hazard of drop-out on the ESTCS decreased 0.8%, 2%, and 1.3% for each point increase in the MRC sum score, the HFMSE score, and the MFM percentual score, respectively. However, we observed prominent fatigability with preserved muscle function and vice versa in 13%-16% of patients. We did not find an association between NMJ dysfunction of the accessory (p = 0.37) and ulnar nerve (p = 0.063) and fatigability, which could be due to a large number of missing values. Perceived fatigue in SMA was comparable to reference values and was not associated with fatigability (p = 0.52). CONCLUSION: Fatigability in SMA is associated with, yet not equivalent to, muscle strength and motor function.


Assuntos
Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Nervo Acessório/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Estimulação Elétrica , Teste de Esforço , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Nervo Ulnar/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Neurol ; 268(5): 1738-1746, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine (1) the test-retest reliability of a newly developed portable fixed dynamometer (PFD) as compared to the hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in patients with motor neuron disease (MND) and (2) the PFD's ability to reduce possible examiner-induced ceiling effects. METHODS: Test-retest reliability of isometric muscle strength of the quadriceps was measured in patients with MND and non-neurological controls using the HHD and PFD. Reliability was estimated by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and standard error of measurement (SEM) using linear mixed effects models, and the Bland-Altman method of agreement. RESULTS: In total, 45 patients with MND and 43 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The ICC of the PFD was excellent and similar in both patients and controls (ICC Patients 99.5% vs. ICC Controls 98.6%) with a SEM of 6.2%. A strong examiner-induced ceiling effect in HHD was found when the participant's strength exceeded that of examiner. Employing the PFD increased the range of muscle strength measurements across individuals nearly twofold from 414 to 783 N. CONCLUSIONS: Portable fixed dynamometry may significantly reduce examiner-induced ceiling effects, optimize the standardization of muscle strength testing, and maximize reliability. Ultimately, PFD may improve the delivery of care due to its potential for unsupervised, home-based assessments and reduce the burden to the patient of participating in clinical trials for MND or other neuromuscular diseases.


Assuntos
Contração Isométrica , Doença dos Neurônios Motores , Humanos , Força Muscular , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
J Neurol ; 268(3): 978-988, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965512

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at developing a quantitative approach to assess abnormalities on MRI of the brachial plexus and the cervical roots in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and to evaluate interrater reliability and its diagnostic value. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 50 patients with CIDP, 31 with MMN and 42 disease controls. We systematically measured cervical nerve root sizes on MRI bilaterally (C5, C6, C7) in the coronal [diameter (mm)] and sagittal planes [area (mm2)], next to the ganglion (G0) and 1 cm distal from the ganglion (G1). We determined their diagnostic value using a multivariate binary logistic model and ROC analysis. In addition, we evaluated intra- and interrater reliability. RESULTS: Nerve root size was larger in patients with CIDP and MMN compared to controls at all predetermined anatomical sites. We found that nerve root diameters in the coronal plane had optimal reliability (intrarater ICC 0.55-0.87; interrater ICC 0.65-0.90). AUC was 0.78 (95% CI 0.69-0.87) for measurements at G0 and 0.81 (95% CI 0.72-0.91) for measurements at G1. Importantly, our quantitative assessment of brachial plexus MRI identified an additional 10% of patients that showed response to treatment, but were missed by nerve conduction (NCS) and nerve ultrasound studies. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that a quantitative assessment of brachial plexus MRI is reliable. MRI can serve as an important additional diagnostic tool to identify treatment-responsive patients, complementary to NCS and nerve ultrasound.


Assuntos
Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial , Plexo Braquial , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica , Plexo Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Neurology ; 95(14): e1988-e1998, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal patterns of muscle strength, motor function, and maximal compound muscle action potential amplitudes (CMAPMAX) in older patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), hypothesizing a continued decline of motor function parameters throughout life. METHODS: We measured muscle strength (Medical Research Council), motor function (Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded [HFMSE] and Motor Function Measure), and CMAPMAX in treatment-naive patients. We used both longitudinal and cross-sectional data in mixed models to analyze natural history patterns. RESULTS: We included 250 patients with SMA types 1c through 4. Median patient age at assessment was 26.8 years, the number of assessments per patient ranged from 1 to 6. Baseline muscle strength and motor function scores differed significantly between SMA types, but annual rates of decline were largely similar and mostly linear. HFMSE floor effects were present for all patients with SMA type 1c, and adolescents and adults with types 2 and 3a. CMAPMAX differed significantly between SMA types but did not decline significantly with increasing age. Muscle strength correlated very strongly with motor function (τ ≥ 0.8) but only moderately with CMAPMAX (τ ≈ 0.5-0.6). CONCLUSION: Muscle strength and motor function decline in older patients with SMA are constant without periods of slower progression or a plateau phase. The floor effects of the HFMSE preclude its use for long-term follow-up of adult patients with SMA types 1c through 3a. Muscle strength sum scores represent an alternative, feasible outcome measure for adolescent and adult patients with SMA.


Assuntos
Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
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