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1.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(5): 375, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549920

Assuntos
Ouro
2.
Dent Mater ; 37(10): 1561-1568, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: BPA release from composites on the short term has been reported in several in-vitro and in-vivo studies. However, it remains unclear whether these materials also leach BPA on the long term. Even though composites may release various (BPA-based) methacrylate monomers up to one year, quantitative data about BPA have not been reported due to the lack of a sensitive method to accurately quantify low levels of BPA. In this context, the aim of the study was to quantify the one-year release of BPA with an optimized analytical method. METHODS: Composite disks (n = 6, 6 mm diameter and 2 mm height) from four commercial materials (G-ӕnial Posterior, Venus, Ceram.x mono and Filtek Supreme XTE) were immersed in 1 mL of water or ethanol as extraction solvent and stored in the dark at 37 °C. The extraction solvent was renewed weekly for a period of 52 weeks. Samples were derivatized with pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride before analysis with ultra-pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). RESULTS: Derivatizing BPA increased the sensitivity of the analytical method and allowed accurate quantification of very low levels of BPA (i.e. 0.78 pmol BPA). BPA eluted continuously in ethanol from all four tested composites over a period of one year. BPA elution was clearly higher when ethanol was used as extraction solution. In water, BPA eluted could be detected up to one year, but levels could not be accurately quantified anymore after several weeks. SIGNIFICANCE: Composites can be considered as a potential long-term source of BPA, and thus should not be neglected when assessing the overall exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Fenóis
3.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 57: 147-153, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522239

RESUMO

The purpose of this review was to assess the literature regarding the decontamination of resin cement before the luting procedure in order to provide clinicians with a comparative overview of decontamination effects. A total of 19 articles were selected for inclusion in this review. The results indicated that bonding effectiveness is reduced due to residual adhesion inhibitors such as saliva, blood, hemostatic agents, and temporary/provisional cement. Self-etching and self-adhesive systems tend to be more negatively affected by adhesion inhibitors than do etch and rinse systems. Cleaning with an ultrasonic scaler or rotating brush have demonstrated conflicting effects in several studies. Some studies have reported that phosphoric acid has negative effects and recommend mild acid for decontamination. The application of phosphoric acid followed by sodium hypochlorite has been shown to help avoid negative effects. Alumina blasting has been investigated as a mechanical cleaning method in a relatively large number of experiments, most of which have confirmed its effectiveness. An intraoral cleaner containing functional monomers that has become commercially available in recent years is a promising method in clinical practice because it can easily and effectively remove temporary adhesive material. In addition, adhesion inhibitors can be easily removed from resin-coated dentin surfaces.

4.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examined four cleaning methods and three chemical treatments for artificial saliva-contaminated fiber posts in terms of bonding durability to resin composite core materials. METHODS: Non-contaminated fiber posts (Tokuyama FR Post, Tokuyama Dental) and those contaminated (GC Fiber Post, GC) with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin Pharma) were used. Washing and drying (WD), alcohol cleaning (AlC), H3PO4 etching (P/WD), alumina blasting (B/D) for decontamination and silanization (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Si), resin priming (HC Primer, Shofu, MMA), and bonding resin application (Clearfil Universal Bond Quick, Kuraray Noritake Dental, BR) for chemical treatment were performed. The treated fiber post was planted inside a cylindrical tube and filled with resin composite (DC Core Automix ONE, Kuraray Noritake Dental). The specimen was sectioned, and a push-out test was performed after 24 h, 1 month, and 3 months. The fracture surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: Adhesion between the non-contaminated fiber post and resin composite did not improve by silanization and decreased by alumina blasting. SEM observations revealed a fractured glass fiber by alumina blasting. Saliva contamination decreased the bond strength between the fiber post and resin composite; however, recovery was achieved by WD, Alc, P/WD, and B/D. Compared to Si, BR (P = 0.009) was effective in restraining the long-term durability of bonding, whereas MMA (P = 0.99) was not. CONCLUSIONS: The application of bonding resin after alcohol cleaning is the most convenient and effective clinical procedure for fiber post surface treatment.

6.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279264

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the crystallography, microstructure and flexural strength of zirconia-based ceramics made by stereolithography (SLA). Two additively manufactured 3 mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP: LithaCon 3Y 230, Lithoz; 3D Mix zirconia, 3DCeram Sinto) and one alumina-toughened zirconia (ATZ: 3D Mix ATZ, 3DCeram Sinto) were compared to subtractively manufactured 3Y-TZP (control: LAVA Plus, 3M Oral Care). Crystallographic analysis was conducted by X-ray diffraction. Top surfaces and cross-sections of the subsurface microstructure were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Biaxial flexural strength was statistically compared using Weibull analysis. The additively and subtractively manufactured zirconia grades revealed a similar phase composition. The residual porosity of the SLA 3Y-TZPs and ATZ was comparable to that of subtractively manufactured 3Y-TZP. Weibull analysis revealed that the additively manufactured LithaCon 3Y 230 (Lithoz) had a significantly lower biaxial flexural strength than 3D Mix ATZ (3D Ceram Sinto). The biaxial flexural strength of the subtractively manufactured LAVA Plus (3M Oral Care) was in between those of the additively manufactured 3Y-TZPs, with the additively manufactured ATZ significantly outperforming the subtractively manufactured 3Y-TZP. Additively manufactured 3Y-TZP showed comparable crystallography, microstructure and flexural strength as the subtractively manufactured zirconia, thus potentially being a good option for dental implants.

7.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305087

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to confirm the usefulness of active acoustic emission (Active AE) for reproducible and non-invasive generation of physical external force which is required for conventional AE. METHODS: Experiment 1: A root dentin-resin adhesive interface was observed. The post space was filled with a dual-cure resin composite core material with and without adhesive. The vibration characteristics of the data obtained from the time-frequency analysis were evaluated. Experiment 2: A crown-abutment tooth adhesive interface was observed. Adhesive resin cement was used for luting the crown and adhesion states in the same specimen over time were analyzed with three measurements: at trial-fitting, immediately after luting, and 2 weeks after luting. Data were subjected to time-frequency analysis and relationships between amplitude (indicating loudness) and frequency (indicating the sound component) were analyzed. RESULTS: Experiment 1: Time-frequency analysis confirmed multiple peak frequencies for each specimen without adhesive and monomodal peak frequency in all specimens using adhesive. Experiment 2: Two weeks after luting, all specimens showed a single major peak except one which showed multiple weak peaks.The three-dimensional visualization of time-frequency analysis revealed one specimen with multiple weak peaks while all others displayed a single, low-amplitude band at 2 weeks after luting. CONCLUSIONS: The state of the adhesive interface can be evaluated using active AE. This basic technique may prove useful to evaluate changes in the adhesive interface of prostheses over time.

8.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 201-215, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060300

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mild and intermediately strong 2-step self-etch adhesives (2SEa) have been shown to bond efficiently to dentin. In general, their bonding efficiency to enamel is inferior to that of etch & rinse adhesives (E&Ra). On the other hand, their application procedure is less elaborate, and consequently leaves less room for application mistakes. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of an intermediately strong 2SEa, as compared with that of a 3-step E&Ra after 6 years of clinical functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 239 non-carious cervical lesions in 50 patients were restored with the nanohybrid composite Herculite XRV (Kerr), bonded in random order either with the 2SEa Optibond XTR ('O-XTR', Kerr) or the gold-standard control 3E&Ra Optibond FL ('O-FL', Kerr). The restorations were recalled after 1, 2 and 6 years of clinical service and examined for retention, marginal adaptation, marginal discoloration, caries occurrence, and postoperative sensitivity. Statistical analysis was performed using a logistic regression model with generalized estimating equations (2-way GEE model). RESULTS: The patient recall rate at 6 years was 94%. The overall clinical success rate was 81.9% and 80.9% for O-XTR and O-FL, respectively. In total, 42 restorations (21 O-XTR, 21 O-FL) failed because of retention loss, severe abfraction/abrasion/erosion, severe marginal defects and/or discoloration, and/or caries. A retention rate of 92.9% and 88.9% was recorded for O-XTR and O-FL, respectively. Progressive marginal deterioration was observed over the 6-year period. Small clinically acceptable marginal defects were recorded in about 70% of the restorations (O-XTR: 69.9%; O-FL: 74.1%). Regarding marginal discoloration, 37% of the O-XTR and 30.2% of the O-FL restorations showed superficial clinically acceptable marginal discoloration. Six O-XTR and 4 O-FL restorations exhibited caries at the restoration margin. No significant difference was observed between the two groups for any of the evaluated parameters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: After 6 years of clinical service, Class-V restorations bonded with the 2SEa performed clinically equally well as those bonded with the 3E&Ra.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Humanos
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 126: 112105, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082929

RESUMO

AIM: Our study aimed to measure (1) the flexural strength, (2) shear bond strength to dentin, (3) pH, and (4) calcium (Ca) release of a series of innovative resin-modified calcium-silicate pulp-capping cements (Rm-CSCs). Using an ex-vivo human vital tooth-culture model, we additionally assessed (5) their pulp-healing initiation when brought in direct contact with human dental pulp tissue. METHODOLOGY: Three experimental Rm-CSCs, being referred to 'Exp_HEAA', 'Exp_GDM' and 'Exp_HEAA/GDM', contained either 20 wt% N-(2-hydroxyethyl) acrylamide (HEAA), 20 wt% glycerol dimethacrylate (GDM) or 10 wt% HEAA plus 10 wt% GDM, added to a common base composition consisting of 25 wt% urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA), 10 wt% 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-MET), and 5 wt% N,N'-{[(2-acrylamido-2-[(3-acrylamidopropoxy)methyl] propane-1,3-diyl)bis(oxy)]bis-(propane-1,3-diyl)}diacrylamide (FAM-401). As Ca source and radiopacifier, 37 wt% tricalcium silicate powder (TCS) and 3 wt% zirconium oxide (ZrO 2) were respectively added. RESULTS: All three experimental Rm-CSCs revealed a significantly higher flexural strength and shear bond strength to dentin (p < 0.05) than the commercial reference Rm-CSC TheraCal LC (Bisco). Exp_HEAA presented with a significantly higher Ca release and pH at 24 h compared with the other Rm-CSCs (p < 0.05). At 1 week, the Ca release and pH of Exp_HEAA and Exp_HEAA/GDM was significantly higher than those of Exp_GDM and TheraCal LC (p < 0.05). Using the ex-vivo human vital tooth culture model, Exp_HEAA revealed pulp-healing initiation capacity as documented by nestin and collagen-I expression. CONCLUSIONS: Depending on the formulation, the innovative Rm-CSCs performed favorably for primary properties of relevance regarding pulp capping, this more specifically in terms of flexural strength, bond strength to dentin, as well as alkaline pH and Ca release. However, only Exp_HEAA revealed pulp-healing initiation in direct contact with human dental pulp tissue in the ex-vivo human vital tooth-culture model. This promising outcome for Exp_HEAA should be attributed to the combined use of (1) a novel hydrophilic acrylamide monomer, enabling sufficient polymerization while maintaining adequate hydrophilicity, with (2) the functional monomer 4-MET, possessing chemical bonding potential to dentin, and (3) tricalcium silicate powder to achieve an alkaline pH and to release Ca in a sufficient and controlled way.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Cimento de Silicato , Acrilamida , Compostos de Cálcio , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Silicatos , Engenharia Tecidual
11.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 438-442, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980784

RESUMO

Purpose The state of adhesion between root dentin and a resin composite core material was inspected using acoustic emission (AE).Methods A total of 14 human incisors and premolars were used to prepare "no-adhesive group" and "adhesive group" specimens. For "adhesive group" specimens, a bonding agent was applied to root canal dentin. The entire post space was subsequently filled with a resin composite for both specimen groups. The prepared specimens were fixed onto a jig on which an AE sensor was installed. A zirconia ball was used for the impact test, and a vibration wave generated by the collision was measured by the system using an AE sensor. The obtained data were subjected to time-frequency analysis using analysis software (LabVIEW), and the relationship between the amplitude indicating the loudness and the frequency indicating the sound component was analyzed.Results Zirconia-ball collision tests using AE revealed differences between the groups with respect to the waveform of vibration waves transmitted to the root dentin through the root dentin-resin interface. The time-frequency analysis of the obtained data confirmed that multiple peaks were observed for each specimen in the no-adhesive group, whereas a single characteristic vibration peak was observed for all specimens in the adhesive group.Conclusions The state of the adhesive interface was successfully evaluated by AE. This demonstration is expected to lead to the development of a device that can detect problems at the bonding interface between the prostheses and tooth substances.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Acústica , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
12.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 565-572, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053974

RESUMO

Purpose This study evaluated the effects of different materials (composite resin system including a photo-cure adhesive (DC) vs. resin cement system including a self-etching primer (PV)) and techniques (direct vs. indirect) for resin core build-up on the bonding performance to root canal dentin.Methods The human teeth were decoronated and root canal preparation was performed. All specimens were randomly divided into four groups according to the combinations of the methods (Direct or Indirect) and the materials (DC: Clearfil DC Core, Kuraray Noritake Dental or PV: Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake Dental). Micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) and push-out tests were performed. Scanning electron microscope observations of the interface were also performed, and microcomputed tomography and optical coherence tomography were applied to evaluate the sealing ability.Results The Indirect group had significantly higher µTBSs than the Direct group in the DC group (P = 0.0076). The PV group had significantly higher bond strengths than the DC group in both the Direct and Indirect groups (P < 0.001). The Direct/PV group demonstrated significantly higher push-out bond strength than the Direct/DC group (P < 0.001). In the Direct/PV group, the formation of resin tags was observed even on the apical side of the canal. Microleakage was more clearly observed in the DC group than in the PV group.Conclusions PV has a higher bonding ability to root canal dentin than DC. When using DC, the indirect technique exhibited a higher bonding ability than the direct technique.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração , Microtomografia por Raio-X
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 123: 112034, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812647

RESUMO

Laser surface texturing is widely explored for modifying the surface topography of various materials and thereby tuning their optical, tribological, biological, and other surface properties. In dentistry, improved osseointegration has been observed with laser textured titanium dental implants in clinical trials. Due to several limitations of titanium materials, dental implants made of zirconia-based ceramics are now considered as one of the best alternatives. Laser surface texturing of zirconia dental implants is therefore attracting increasing attention. However, due to the brittle nature of zirconia, as well as the metastable tetragonal ZrO2 phase, laser texturing in the case of zirconia is more challenging than in the case of titanium. Understanding these challenges requires different fields of expertise, including laser engineering, materials science, and dentistry. Even though much progress was made within each field of expertise, a comprehensive analysis of all the related factors is still missing. This review paper provides thus an overview of the common challenges and current status on the use of lasers for surface texturing of zirconia-based ceramics for dental applications, including texturing of zirconia implants for improving osseointegration, texturing of zirconia abutments for reducing peri-implant inflammation, and texturing of zirconia restorations for improving restoration retention by bonding.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Zircônio , Cerâmica , Materiais Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Lasers , Osseointegração , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio
15.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(6)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809621

RESUMO

Several dental materials contain silver for antibacterial effect, however the effect is relatively low. The reason for the lower antibacterial efficacy of silver is considered to be the fact that silver ions bind to chloride ions in saliva. To develop new effective silver antibacterial agents that can be useful in the mouth, we synthesized two novel amino acid (methionine or histidine)-silver complexes (Met or His-Ag) loaded with montmorillonite (Mont) and analyzed their antibacterial efficacy. At first the complexes were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and amino acid-Ag complex-loaded Mont (amino acid-Ag-Mont) were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The antibacterial efficacy of these materials in dental acrylic resin was then investigated by bacterial growth measurement using a spectrophotometer. As controls, commercially available silver-loaded zeolite and silver-zirconium phosphate were also tested. Dental acrylic resin incorporating His-Ag-Mont strongly inhibited Streptococcus mutans growth. This was explained by the fact that His-Ag complex revealed the highest amounts of silver ions in the presence of chloride. The structure of the amino acid-Ag complexes affected the silver ion presence in chloride and the antibacterial efficacy. His-Ag-Mont might be used as antibacterial agents for dental materials.

16.
Dent Mater ; 37(6): 1020-1029, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is still much debate about the release of bisphenol-A (BPA) from dental materials. Therefore, this study aimed to quantify BPA present as an impurity in both BPA-based and non-BPA-based monomers and to evaluate whether these monomers may degrade to BPA upon salivary, bacterial, and chemical challenges. METHODS: BPA was determined in three different amounts (1, 2, and 3 µmol) of each monomer (TEGDMA, UDMA, mUDMA, BisGMA, BisEMA-3, -6, -10, -30, BisPMA, EBPADMA urethane, BADGE, and BisDMA). Next, the monomers (3 µmol) were immersed in whole human pooled saliva collected from adults, Streptococcus mutans (2 × 107 CFU/mL), and acidic (0.1 M HCl), alkaline (0.1 M NaOH), and control media. The amount of BPA was quantified using a specific and highly sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method including derivatization of BPA by pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride. RESULTS: The monomers BisGMA and BisEMA-3 contained trace amounts (0.0006% and 0.0025%, respectively) of BPA as impurities of their synthesis process. BPA concentrations increased when the monomers BisGMA, BisEMA-3, BisEMA-6, BisEMA-10, BisPMA and BADGE were exposed to saliva and S. mutans, indicating degradation of a small amount of monomer into BPA. In addition, BisPMA and BADGE degraded into BPA under alkaline conditions. The conversion rate of the monomers into BPA ranged between 0.0003% and 0.0025%. SIGNIFICANCE: Impurities and degradation of BPA-based monomers may account for the release of BPA from resin-based dental materials. Even though the detected amounts of BPA due to monomer impurity were small, manufacturers of dental materials can reduce the BPA content by using only monomers of the highest purity. Considering the overall current trend towards BPA-free materials, it may be recommendable to investigate whether non-BPA based monomers can be used in dental resin-based materials.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Cromatografia Líquida , Materiais Dentários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Fenóis , Polietilenoglicóis , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos
17.
Dent Mater ; 37(5): 894-904, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Incorporating silane-coupling agent into universal adhesives (UAs) to simplify adhesive luting of glass-ceramic restorations appeared ineffective due to silane's instability in an acidic aqueous solution. This study aimed to evaluate new silane technology added to an experimental UA to be bonded to glass ceramics without separate prior silanization. METHODS: Combined silane technology, consisting of 3-(aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and γ-methacryloxypropyltriethoxysilane (γMPTES), was incorporated into an experimental UA formulation, being referred to as ADH-XTE (3M Oral Care). Immediate and aged shear bond strength (SBS) of ADH-XTE onto as-milled ('AM'), tribochemical silica-coated ('TSC'), HF-etched ('HF'), and mirror-polished ('MP') glass-ceramic CAD/CAM blocks (IPS e.max CAD) with/without separate silanization was measured (n = 10/group). The control adhesives included Scotchbond Universal ('SBU') and Scotchbond 1 XT ('SB1-XT'). The glass-ceramic surface topography and the fractography of the SBS-debonded specimens were observed by SEM. RESULTS: Without separate prior silanization, the experimental UA ADH-XTE, containing combined APTES/γMPTES silane technology, significantly outperformed the glass-ceramic bonding efficiency of its silane-containing SBU precursor, while it performed equally effective as SBU applied with prior silanization. Upon aging, significant reduction in SBS was recorded when ADH-XTE was bonded to TSC glass-ceramic surfaces (p < 0.05), while not to HF ones. Notably, the lowest SBS was obtained when the UAs were bonded to AM and MP glass-ceramic surfaces, in particular when applied without separate prior silanization (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The glass-ceramic bonding capacity of the new combined APTES/γMPTES silane-containing UA ADH-XTE surpassed that of its SBU precursor. HF etching remains needed to durably bond to glass-ceramics.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Silanos , Cerâmica , Cimentos Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Tecnologia
18.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(1): 21-34, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512113

RESUMO

The importance of the interdental anatomy of a class-2 direct composite restoration is one of the most underestimated topics in direct posterior composite restorations. The proximal emergence profile of the restoration and the contact area should be designed to maximize arch continuity and to minimize food impaction. Other restorative criteria that must be fulfilled are marginal adaptation compatible with the dental and periodontal integrity, and geometry of the marginal ridge compatible with the mechanical integrity of the restoration under load. Shortcomings will result in masticatory discomfort, caries, periodontal problems and undesired movement of teeth. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that the use a contoured sectional metal matrix band with a separation clamp results in the tightest contact point. However, this matrix system also has shortcomings and does not give the expected result in all class-2 cavities. The variation in depth, width of the box, distance between the cervical cavity margin and the adjacent tooth requires customization of the interproximal space. In order to realize this, sectional matrix bands with several profiles of curvature, variation of wedges and separation clamps, and the use of teflon tape are required. In addition, dentists should follow a protocol allowing them to build a proximal composite surface that fulfills the required restorative criteria. Pre-wedging, space evaluation, interproximal clearance, correct selection, positioning and stabilization of the matrix band are important steps in this protocol.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Bandas de Matriz
20.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(1): 39-45, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938857

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the degree of conversion (DC) of dual-curing composite cements when cured through ceramic-veneered zirconia disks. METHODS: Portions of mixed cement, either G-CEM LinkForce (GC), Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake) or ResiCEM (Shofu), were placed on the ATR crystal of a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscope (FTIR; iS50, Thermo Scientific) and squeezed to a 100-µm film thickness using a microscopy cover glass. DC (%) of the composite cements applied in self-curing mode was measured in the dark at 37°C. Following the dual-curing mode, the cements were light-cured directly (positive control) or through a ceramic-veneered zirconia disk (0.5-mm thick zirconia with a 1.0-mm thick veneering ceramic) for 40 sec using two light-curing units (G-Light Prima 2, GC; PenCure, Morita). Per experimental group, 5 tests were conducted to measure DC in self-cure and dual-cure mode (n=5). FTIR spectra of the composite cement films were acquired to determine DC every min up to 30 min. DC of the composite cements was statistically compared using two-way repeated-measures ANOVA (α=0.05). RESULTS: For all cements investigated, the self-curing mode resulted in significantly lower DC at 10, 20 and 30 min than the light-curing mode. When the composite cements were light-cured through the zirconia disk, DC at 30 min dropped significantly for ResiCem (Shofu), while not for Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake) and G-CEM LinkForce (GC). CONCLUSIONS: Self-curing slows down polymerization but does not reach for all composite cements the highest (light-cured) DC. Ceramic-veneered zirconia-based restorations may affect DC of some composite cements.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Cerâmica , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
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