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1.
Trials ; 20(1): 680, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805981

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Functional training has been shown to be a viable alternative for the elderly and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, whether the combination of this type of training with aerobic and resistance training, commonly performed in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs, induces more pronounced effects on daily physical activities and functionality remains unclear. The aims of the study will be to evaluate the short-term and sustained effects of the combination of a functional circuit program with a training program consisting of aerobic and resistance exercise. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, patients with COPD will be randomly assigned (1:1:1) to an 8-week training program to follow one of the three a priori defined groups: (I) resistance and aerobic and functional exercises, (II) a conventional program including only resistance and aerobic exercises, or (III) a usual care program. Patients will be evaluated before and upon completion of 8 weeks of training regarding physical activity in daily life (PADL) using an activity monitor (accelerometer), activities of daily living (London Chest Activity of Daily Living), functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk test), and muscle strength (dynamometry). Additionally, the sustained effects of the interventions will be evaluated 22 weeks after commencing the study. DISCUSSION: The inclusion of a protocol of functional physical training in the training conventionally performed by patients with COPD as an alternative to increase PADL and functionality may provide subsidies for the treatment of these patients, representing an advance and impacting on the physical training of patients with COPD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBEC) ID: RBR-3zmh3r. Registered: March 7, 2018.

2.
Trials ; 20(1): 597, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently there are campaigns to raise the awareness of the need to practice physical exercise with several objectives, mainly as a preventive measure. The Pilates method is a form of therapeutic exercise for maintaining and improving health. However, despite being popular, there is still no scientific evidence on the standardization and progression of the method. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a protocol to monitor the progression of daily Pilates loads between the basic, intermediate, and advanced levels, as well as to analyze the effects of the method on psychometric, cardiorespiratory, and autonomic measures. METHODS/DESIGN: In total, 54 healthy men underwent 36 sessions of Pilates mat work. Before each training session, cardiorespiratory measures, pain (visual analogue scale), and a psychometric questionnaire were collected. Heart rate (HR), subjective perception of effort (SPE), and RR intervals were measured during the sessions and used later in the analysis of the progression of training load by monitoring the internal training load and heart rate variability. At the end of the sessions, cardiorespiratory measures, the visual analogue scale, and the psychometric questionnaire were measured again. After 15 min of rest, the final HR measurement was made and the participants noted the effort on the SPE scale. The psychometric, cardiorespiratory, and autonomic measures were evaluated before and after each of the 36 training sessions. DISCUSSION: This is a parallel randomized clinical trial of standardized Pilates training, with the aim of estimating training loads and measuring the efficacy of Pilates through clinical, cardiorespiratory, and autonomic outcomes. The protocol can easily be reproduced and could be used to support professionals in prescribing the method. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03232866 . Registered on 28 July 2017.

3.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0203259, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reliable clinical tests capable of measuring resistance are important tools for rehabilitation. One alternative that has recently increased in popularity is the use of elastic tubes, which stand out for being easy to handle, low cost, practical, and feasible. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the test-retest reliability of the knee extensors muscle fatigue resistance test (FRT) with elastic tubes. METHODS: A total of 116 healthy young males, aged between 18 and 30 years old, participated in the study. Participants performed three pre-test stages: orientation, load presentation, and familiarization with equipment, lasting two weeks. Subsequently, they performed the FRT on two occasions (test and retest), with an interval of seven days. The reliability analyzes were performed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) with 95% confidence interval and typical measurement error (TME), also expressed as coefficient of variation (CV%). RESULTS: The findings regarding the reliability of the test demonstrated satisfactory values (time: ICC = 0.66; 95%CI [0.50; 0.76]; CV(%) = 9.34; repetition: ICC = 0.61; 95%CI [0.46; 0.73], CV(%) = 13.66; rhythm: ICC = 0.52; 95%CI [0.35; 0.67], CV(%) = 10.29. CONCLUSION: From the findings presented, it is concluded that the proposed clinical test with elastic tubes demonstrates evidence of acceptable values.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Fadiga Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Resistência Física , Adolescente , Adulto , Elasticidade , Humanos , Joelho , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Treinamento de Resistência , Adulto Jovem
4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(1): 94-101, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus can cause autonomic changes, which can be assessed by heart rate variability. Among the heart rate variability assessment methods, the symbolic analysis and Shannon entropy, based on the Chaotic dynamics, have gained prominence. OBJECTIVE: To compare heart rate variability indexes, obtained through symbolic analysis and Shannon entropy, in young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus and healthy young individuals, associated with the analysis of linear indexes; and to verify if there are associations between the indexes obtained by the symbolic analysis and by Shannon entropy and linear indexes in diabetic individuals. METHODS: Heart rate variability data from 39 young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 43 healthy young individuals were analyzed, using a cardio-frequency meter. Linear indexes (standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval expressed in milliseconds; square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval expressed in milliseconds; low and high frequency components in millisecond squared; and normalized units and ratio between low and high frequency components) and nonlinear ones (Shannon entropy and symbolic analysis - standard without variation; with one or two variations; and with two different variations) of the heart rate variability were calculated. The statistical significance was set at 5%, and the confidence interval was 95%. RESULTS: Significantly lower values were observed in the DM1 group compared to healthy young adults for the standard deviation indexes of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval [37.30 (29.90) vs. 64.50 (36.20); p = 0.0001], square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval [32.73 (17.43) vs. 55.59 (21.60); p = 0.0001], low frequency component [402.00 (531.00) vs. 1,203.00 (1,148.00); p = 0.0001], high frequency component [386.00 (583.00) vs. 963.00 (866.00); p = 0.0001] and the pattern with two different variations [15,33 (9,22) vs. 20.24 (12.73); p = 0.0114], with the effect of this difference being considered large (standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval, square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval and low frequency component), medium (high frequency component) and small (standard with two different variations). The agreement of the associations between the linear and non-linear indexes was considered elevated for the high frequency component index - normalized units (r = -0.776), with the standard index without variation, and moderate for the indexes square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval (r = 0.550), standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval (r = 0.522), high frequency component - normalized units (r = 0.638) with the index standard with two similar variations, as well as for the indexes square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval (r = 0.627) and high frequency component - normalized units (r = 0.601) with the index standard with two different variations. CONCLUSION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus influenced linear indexes and symbolic analysis, but not yet in the complexity of heart rate variability. Additionally, heart rate variability indexes correlated with the symbolic dynamics.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Entropia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(1): 94-101, July 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-950196

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus can cause autonomic changes, which can be assessed by heart rate variability. Among the heart rate variability assessment methods, the symbolic analysis and Shannon entropy, based on the Chaotic dynamics, have gained prominence. Objective: To compare heart rate variability indexes, obtained through symbolic analysis and Shannon entropy, in young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus and healthy young individuals, associated with the analysis of linear indexes; and to verify if there are associations between the indexes obtained by the symbolic analysis and by Shannon entropy and linear indexes in diabetic individuals. Methods: Heart rate variability data from 39 young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 43 healthy young individuals were analyzed, using a cardio-frequency meter. Linear indexes (standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval expressed in milliseconds; square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval expressed in milliseconds; low and high frequency components in millisecond squared; and normalized units and ratio between low and high frequency components) and nonlinear ones (Shannon entropy and symbolic analysis - standard without variation; with one or two variations; and with two different variations) of the heart rate variability were calculated. The statistical significance was set at 5%, and the confidence interval was 95%. Results: Significantly lower values were observed in the DM1 group compared to healthy young adults for the standard deviation indexes of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval [37.30 (29.90) vs. 64.50 (36.20); p = 0.0001], square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval [32.73 (17.43) vs. 55.59 (21.60); p = 0.0001], low frequency component [402.00 (531.00) vs. 1,203.00 (1,148.00); p = 0.0001], high frequency component [386.00 (583.00) vs. 963.00 (866.00); p = 0.0001] and the pattern with two different variations [15,33 (9,22) vs. 20.24 (12.73); p = 0.0114], with the effect of this difference being considered large (standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval, square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval and low frequency component), medium (high frequency component) and small (standard with two different variations). The agreement of the associations between the linear and non-linear indexes was considered elevated for the high frequency component index - normalized units (r = -0.776), with the standard index without variation, and moderate for the indexes square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval (r = 0.550), standard deviation of all normal RR intervals recorded in a time interval (r = 0.522), high frequency component - normalized units (r = 0.638) with the index standard with two similar variations, as well as for the indexes square root of the mean of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals in a time interval (r = 0.627) and high frequency component - normalized units (r = 0.601) with the index standard with two different variations. Conclusion: Type 1 diabetes mellitus influenced linear indexes and symbolic analysis, but not yet in the complexity of heart rate variability. Additionally, heart rate variability indexes correlated with the symbolic dynamics.


Resumo Fundamento: O diabetes melito tipo 1 pode promover alterações autonômicas, que podem ser avaliadas pela variabilidade da frequência cardíaca. Dentre os métodos da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca, têm ganhado destaque a análise simbólica e a entropia de Shannon, baseadas na dinâmica do caos. Objetivo: Comparar índices da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca obtidos por meio da análise simbólica e da entropia de Shannon, entre jovens com diabetes melito tipo 1 e jovens saudáveis, associados à análise de índices lineares; e verificar se há associações entre os índices obtidos pela análise simbólica e pela entropia de Shannon e índices lineares em indivíduos diabéticos. Métodos: Foram analisados dados da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca de 39 jovens com diabetes melito tipo 1 e 43 jovens saudáveis, obtidos por meio de um cardiofrequencímetro. Foram calculados os índices lineares (desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais gravados em um intervalo de tempo expresso em milissegundo; raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes em um intervalo de tempo expresso em milissegundo; componentes de baixa e alta frequência, em milissegundo ao quadrado; e unidades normalizadas e razão entre componente de baixa e alta frequência) e não lineares (entropia de Shannon e análise simbólica - padrão sem variação; com uma ou duas variações; e com duas variações diferentes) da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca. A significância estatística adotada foi fixada em 5%, e o intervalo de confiança em 95%. Resultados: Foram observados valores significativamente menores no Grupo DM1 em comparação aos jovens saudáveis para os índices desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais gravados em um intervalo de tempo [37,30 (29,90) vs. 64,50 (36,20); p = 0,0001], raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes em um intervalo de tempo [32,73 (17,43) vs. 55,59 (21,60); p = 0,0001], componente de baixa frequência [402,00 (531,00) vs. 1.203,00 (1.148,00); p = 0,0001], componente de alta frequência [386,00 (583,00) vs. 963,00 (866,00); p = 0,0001] e padrão com duas variações diferentes [15,33 (9,22) vs. 20,24 (12,73); p = 0,0114], sendo o efeito desta diferença considerado grande (desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais gravados em um intervalo de tempo, raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes em um intervalo de tempo e componente de baixa frequência), médio (componente de alta frequência) e pequeno (padrão com duas variações diferentes). A concordância das associações entre os índices lineares e não lineares foi considerada elevada para o índice componente de alta frequência - unidades normalizadas (r = -0,776), com o índice padrão sem variação, e moderada para os índices raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes em um intervalo de tempo (r = 0,550), desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais gravados em um intervalo de tempo (r = 0,522), componente de alta frequência - unidades normalizadas (r = 0,638) com o índice padrão com duas variações similares, assim como para os índices raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes em um intervalo de tempo (r = 0,627) e componente de alta frequência - unidades normalizadas (r = 0,601) com o índice padrão com duas variações diferentes. Conclusão: O diabetes melito tipo 1 influenciou nos índices lineares e na análise simbólica, mas ainda não na complexidade da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca. Além disso, índices de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca apresentaram correlação com a dinâmica simbólica.

6.
Clin J Sport Med ; 2018 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main focus of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of phototherapy in the management of creatine kinase (CK) activity after exercise and furthermore to identify for which exercise model protocol phototherapy provides the best results. DESIGN: Meta-analysis comparing phototherapy with a control condition. SETTING: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and CENTRAL databases were searched from their earliest records to October 03, 2016. Data were pooled in a meta-analysis and described as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random effects model. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy subjects (no restrictions were applied, eg, age, sex, and exercise level). INTERVENTION: Phototherapy (low-level laser therapy and/or light-emitting diode therapy) before or after exercise and a placebo or control condition. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Creatine kinase activity (no restriction to any analysis, eg, serum, plasma, or capillary blood). RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included for review. The results revealed that phototherapy has a more positive effect than control condition in management of CK activity [SMD = 0.77, 95% CI (0.32 to 1.22); P = 0.0007; I = 72%]. In exploratory analysis, the results showed that phototherapy was effective only in the exercise protocol with localized exercise with large effect size [localized exercise: SMD = 0.89, 95% CI (0.26 to 1.51); P = 0.0002; I = 76%; general exercise: SMD = 0.61, 95% CI (-0.05 to 1.26); P = 0.07; I = 67%]. CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence suggest that phototherapy has beneficial effects on the management of CK activity and demonstrate a possible relationship based on damage caused by exercise, providing a greater effect in studies that used localized exercise.

7.
J Bras Pneumol ; 44(1): 24-30, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate autonomic modulation in individuals with COPD, compared with healthy controls, via recurrence plots (RPs) and linear heart rate variability (HRV) indices. METHODS: We analyzed data on 74 volunteers, who were divided into two groups: COPD (n = 43) and control (n = 31). For calculation of HRV indices, heart rate was measured beat-by-beat during 30 min of supine rest using a heart-rate meter. We analyzed linear indices in the time and frequency domains, as well as indices derived from the RPs. RESULTS: In comparison with the control group, the COPD group showed significant increases in the indices derived from the RPs, as well as significant reductions in the linear indices in the time and frequency domains. No significant differences were observed in the linear indices in the frequency domains expressed in normalized units or in the low frequency/high frequency ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with COPD show a reduction in both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, associated with decreased complexity of autonomic nervous system function, as identified by RPs, which provide important complementary information in the detection of autonomic changes in this population.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Espirometria , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. esporte ; 40(1): 70-76, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-958448

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivou-se caracterizar e determinar a frequência de lesões musculares (LM) de atletas atendidos em uma clínica universitária de fisioterapia. Foram feitas análises de prontuários e caracterizaram-se dados antropométricos, locais anatômicos, tratamentos usados, dentre outros. Foram identificados 47 casos de LM, distribuídas em grau I (n = 13) e grau II (n = 34). O segmento coxa foi o local anatômico mais acometido com 63,1% (p < 0,05) e 85,7% (p < 0,01) para modalidades coletivas e individuais, respectivamente. Aproximadamente 75% dos casos apresentaram alta por retorno ao esporte, onde observa-se terapias convencional (95,7%) e manual (70,2) os tratamentos mais frequentes. Conclui-se que LM acometem predominantemente o segmento coxa posterior, independentemente da modalidade esportiva e os tratamentos usados demonstraram-se efetivos no retorno ao esporte.


Abstract This study aimed to characterize and determine the frequency of muscle injuries (MI) in athletes assisted in a university service center in physical therapy. Analysis of medical records were made, characterizing anthropometric data, anatomic spots, treatments, among others. Forty-seven cases were identified, distributed in grade I (n=13) and grade II (n=34). The thigh segment was the anatomic spot with the higher prevalence, with 63.1% (p<0.05) and 85.7% (p<0.01) for collective and individual sports, respectively. The rate of return to sports was about 75%, in which conventional therapies (95,7%) and manual (70.2%) were the most common treatments. Thus, we conclude that MI predominantly affects the anatomical thigh segment, regardless of the sport, and that physiotherapy interventions used were effective to return to sports.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue definir y determinar la frecuencia de las lesiones musculares (LM) de atletas atendidos en una clínica universitaria de fisioterapia. Se realizó un análisis de los registros, definición de datos antropométricos, espacios anatómicos y tratamientos utilizados, entre otros. Se identificaron 47 casos de LM, distribuidas en grado I (n = 13) y grado II (n = 34). El segmento del muslo fue el espacio anatómico más afectado con el 63,1% (p <0,05) y el 85,7% (p <0,01) en el caso de deportes colectivos e individuales, respectivamente. Hubo un 74,46% de altas para la vuelta a la práctica deportiva y se encontró que los tratamientos más frecuentes fueron las terapias convencionales (95,7%) y manuales (70,2%). Se concluye que las lesiones musculares afectan predominantemente al muslo, independientemente del tipo de deporte, y que los tratamientos utilizados fueron efectivos para la vuelta a la práctica deportiva.

9.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(1): 24-30, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-893896

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate autonomic modulation in individuals with COPD, compared with healthy controls, via recurrence plots (RPs) and linear heart rate variability (HRV) indices. Methods: We analyzed data on 74 volunteers, who were divided into two groups: COPD (n = 43) and control (n = 31). For calculation of HRV indices, heart rate was measured beat-by-beat during 30 min of supine rest using a heart-rate meter. We analyzed linear indices in the time and frequency domains, as well as indices derived from the RPs. Results: In comparison with the control group, the COPD group showed significant increases in the indices derived from the RPs, as well as significant reductions in the linear indices in the time and frequency domains. No significant differences were observed in the linear indices in the frequency domains expressed in normalized units or in the low frequency/high frequency ratio. Conclusions: Individuals with COPD show a reduction in both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, associated with decreased complexity of autonomic nervous system function, as identified by RPs, which provide important complementary information in the detection of autonomic changes in this population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a modulação autonômica de indivíduos com DPOC, comparados com um grupo controle saudável, por meio do plot de recorrência (PR) associado a métodos lineares da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC). Métodos: Foram avaliados dados de 74 voluntários, os quais foram divididos em grupos DPOC (n = 43) e controle (n = 31). Para a análise dos índices de VFC, a frequência cardíaca dos voluntários foi registrada, batimento a batimento, por meio de um cardiofrequencímetro com os voluntários em repouso na posição supina por 30 min. Foram avaliados índices lineares nos domínios de tempo e de frequência, assim como índices obtidos por meio do PR. Resultados: No grupo DPOC, em comparação com o grupo controle, houve aumentos significativos em índices obtidos do PR, assim como houve reduções significativas nos índices lineares nos domínios de tempo e de frequência. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos índices lineares nos domínios de frequência em unidades normalizadas e na relação entre os componentes de alta e baixa frequência. Conclusões: Indivíduos com DPOC apresentam uma diminuição tanto da atividade simpática quanto da parassimpática, associada a uma redução da complexidade do sistema nervoso autônomo, identificada pelo PR, que fornece informações complementares importantes na detecção de alterações autonômicas nessa população.

10.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 28(3): 298-306, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013505

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Heart rate variability (HRV) can be assessed from RR-intervals. These are derived from an electrocardiographic PQRST-signature and can deviate in a chaotic or irregular manner. In the past, techniques from statistical physics have allowed researchers to study such systems OBJECTIVE: This study planned to assess the heart rate dynamics in young obese subjects by nonlinear metrics to heart rate variability METHOD: 86 subjects were split equally according to status. Heart rate was recorded with the subjects resting in a dorsal (prone) position for 30 minutes. The complexity of the RR-intervals was assessed by five Entropies, Detrended Fluctuation Analysis, Higuchi and Katz's fractal dimensions Following inconclusive tests of normality we calculated the One-Way Analysis of Variance, Kruskal-Wallis, and the Effect Sizes by Cohen's d significances RESULTS: It was established that Shannon, Renyi and Tsallis Entropies and the Higuchi and Katz's fractal dimensions could significantly discriminate the two groups. The three entropies were higher in obese youths, suggesting less predictable sets of RR intervals (p<0.0001; d≈1.0). Whilst the Higuchi (p<0.003; d≈0.76) and Katz's (p≈0.02; d≈0.57) fractal dimensions were lower in obese youths CONCLUSION: As with chaotic globals an increase in response was detected by three measures of entropy in young obese. This is counter to the decreasing response detected by fractal dimensions. Chaotic globals and entropies are more dependable than fractal dimensions when assessing the responses to obesity

12.
Braz J Phys Ther ; 21(4): 296-304, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28579190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown positive results of phototherapy for improving performance and accelerating recovery; however, the effects of phototherapy during training and after a primary adaptation remain unclear. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to analyze the effects of phototherapy and combined training on clinical, functional, and psychological outcomes and on vascular endothelial growth factor. METHODS: This randomized placebo-controlled trial by stratified sample will involve 45 healthy male participants. In phase 1, the participants will undergo six weeks of combined training (sprints and squats). In phase 2, participants will be allocated through stratified randomization (based on adaptation capacity) into three groups: active phototherapy group (AG), placebo group (PG), and non-treatment control group (CG). A new six-week training program will then start and the participants will receive the recovery strategy between sprints and squats. The primary outcome will be maximal isometric contraction. The secondary outcomes include strength and power testing, maximal incremental test, squat jump, sprint test, muscle soreness, pain threshold, perceptions of exertion and recovery, psychological questionnaire, and vascular endothelial growth factor. CONCLUSIONS: This will be the first trial to include phototherapy during training. We believe that this strategy will combine the ergogenic and prophylactic effects in the same session. Furthermore, an application protocol performed after primary adaptation may reflect the real effect of the technique.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Fototerapia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 108(3): 255-262, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28443958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) indices may detect autonomic changes with good diagnostic accuracy. Type diabetes mellitus (DM) individuals may have changes in autonomic modulation; however, studies of this nature in this population are still scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare HRV indices between and assess their prognostic value by measurements of sensitivity, specificity and predictive values in young individuals with type 1 DM and healthy volunteers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, physical and clinical assessment was performed in 39 young patients with type 1 DM and 43 young healthy controls. For HRV analysis, beat-to-beat heart rate variability was measured in dorsal decubitus, using a Polar S810i heart rate monitor, for 30 minutes. The following indices were calculated: SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, TINN, RRTri, LF ms2, HF ms2, LF un, HF un, LF/HF, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, and ApEn. RESULTS: Type 1 DM subjects showed a decrease in sympathetic and parasympathetic activities, and overall variability of autonomic nervous system. The RMSSD, SDNN, PNN50, LF ms2, HF ms2, RRTri, SD1 and SD2 indices showed greater diagnostic accuracy in discriminating diabetic from healthy individuals. CONCLUSION: Type 1 DM individuals have changes in autonomic modulation. The SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, RRtri, LF ms2, HF ms2, SD1 and SD2 indices may be alternative tools to discriminate individuals with type 1 DM.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Neuropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Padrões de Referência , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 30(2): 347-356, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891984

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Functional resistance training (FRT) is becoming increasingly popular to improve physical fitness of practitioners, however, yet there are gaps in knowledge about effectiveness of FRT in relation conventional resistance training (CRT) in several ambits, as musculoskeletal complaints. Objective: Compare the effect of FRT and CRT in the musculoskeletal discomfort and magnitude of gain in muscle strength in healthy women. Methods: 52 women was divided into three groups, FRT (n = 15; 22 ± 2.35 years): functional resistance training; CRT (n = 14; 22.5 ± 1.78 years): conventional resistance training and CG (n = 13; 20.6 ± 1.10 years): no type of intervention. The training was periodized in 30 sessions over 12 weeks with 3 sessions per week. For the muscle strength variable used the 1RM test and for the musculoskeletal discomfort variable, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). Regarding the statistical analysis, all results took into consideration a 5% level of significance. Results: Considerable gain in muscle strength was observed for all exercises in both training groups. In addition, there was a tendency in CRT to relate a more musculoskeletal discomfort; presented 27.3% more complaints compared FRT in the MNQ. Conclusion: The FRT was as effective as the CRT for improving muscle strength, furthermore, there was a tendency for FRT to cause less musculoskeletal discomfort.


Resumo Introdução: O treinamento resistido funcional (TRF) está se tornando cada vez mais popular para melhorar a aptidão física dos praticantes, entretanto, ainda não está totalmente esclarecido sobre a eficácia do TRF em relação ao treinamento resistido convencional (TRC) em diversos âmbitos, como queixas de desconforto osteomuscular. Objetivo: Comparar o TRF e TRC nas queixas de desconforto osteomuscular e na magnitude de ganho de força muscular em mulheres saudáveis. Métodos: O estudo foi composto por 52 mulheres divididas em três grupos: TRF (n = 15; 22 ± 2.35 anos): treinamento resistido funcional, TRC (n = 14; 22.5 ± 1.78 anos): treinamento resistido convencional e GC (n = 13; 20.6 ± 1.10 anos): nenhum tipo de intervenção. O treinamento foi periodizado em 30 sessões durante 12 semanas com três sessões semanais. Para a variável força muscular utilizou-se o teste de 1RM e para as queixas osteomusculares, o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares (QNSO). Em relação a análise estatística, todos os resultados levaram em consideração o nível de 5% de significância. Resultados: Notou-se ganho considerável de força muscular para todos os exercícios em ambos os grupos de treinamento. Além disso, observou-se uma tendência no TRC a relatar um maior número de queixas osteomusculares, apresentando 27,3% mais queixas comparadas ao TRF no QNSO. Conclusão: O TRF foi tão eficaz quanto o TRC para melhorar a força muscular, e, ainda, houve uma tendência de que o TRF provoque menores quantidades de desconfortos osteomusculares.

15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(3): 255-262, Mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-838705

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) indices may detect autonomic changes with good diagnostic accuracy. Type diabetes mellitus (DM) individuals may have changes in autonomic modulation; however, studies of this nature in this population are still scarce. Objective: To compare HRV indices between and assess their prognostic value by measurements of sensitivity, specificity and predictive values in young individuals with type 1 DM and healthy volunteers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, physical and clinical assessment was performed in 39 young patients with type 1 DM and 43 young healthy controls. For HRV analysis, beat-to-beat heart rate variability was measured in dorsal decubitus, using a Polar S810i heart rate monitor, for 30 minutes. The following indices were calculated: SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, TINN, RRTri, LF ms2, HF ms2, LF un, HF un, LF/HF, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, and ApEn. Results: Type 1 DM subjects showed a decrease in sympathetic and parasympathetic activities, and overall variability of autonomic nervous system. The RMSSD, SDNN, PNN50, LF ms2, HF ms2, RRTri, SD1 and SD2 indices showed greater diagnostic accuracy in discriminating diabetic from healthy individuals. Conclusion: Type 1 DM individuals have changes in autonomic modulation. The SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, RRtri, LF ms2, HF ms2, SD1 and SD2 indices may be alternative tools to discriminate individuals with type 1 DM.


Resumo Fundamento: Alguns índices da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) podem ser capazes de detectar alterações autonômicas com boa acurácia diagnóstica. Indivíduos com Diabetes Mellitus (DM) tipo 1 podem apresentar alterações na modulação autonômica, contudo, estudos dessa natureza são incipientes nesses sujeitos. Objetivo: Comparar diferentes índices da VFC e avaliar seu valor prognóstico por medidas da sensibilidade, especificidade e valores preditivos em jovens com DM tipo 1 e jovens controles saudáveis. Métodos: Neste estudo transversal, foram realizadas avaliações físicas e clínicas em 39 jovens com DM tipo 1 e 43 jovens saudáveis. Para análise da VFC, a frequência cardíaca foi captada batimento a batimento usando um monitor de frequência acardíaca, PolarS810i, por 30 minutos com os voluntários em decúbito dorsal. Foram calculados os índices: SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, TINN, RRTri, LF ms2, HF ms2, LF un, HF um, LF/HF, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, ApEn. Resultados: Indivíduos com DM tipo 1 apresentam redução na atividade simpática, parassimpática e na variabilidade global do sistema nervoso autônomo. Índices RMSSD, SDNN, PNN50, LF ms2, HF ms2, RRTri, SD1 e SD2 representam melhor acurácia diagnóstica para discriminar indivíduos diabéticos de saudáveis. Conclusão: Indivíduos com DM tipo 1 apresentam alterações na modulação autonômica e os índices SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50, RRtri, LF ms2, HF ms2, SD1 e SD2 podem ser uma opção utilizada para discriminar indivíduos com DM tipo 1.

16.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(spe2): e101777, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-895030

RESUMO

Abstract Aims: to analyze the recall bias of injury characteristics, anthropometric variables, and training variables in a morbidity survey in adolescent soccer players for a period of four months. Method: cohort study with 198 adolescent male soccer players, divided into two parts: a prospective study over four months, followed by a retrospective study. A morbidity survey containing personal and training data, in addition to information on injuries and their characteristics (anatomical site, mechanism, nature, moment, severity, return to activities and recurrence) was administered weekly for four months, after which the questionnaire was applied again questioning the same information retrospectively for the four-month prospective study period. The data were collected through interviews addressing the occurrence of injuries and respective characteristics. Results: there were weak correlations and concordances for the recall of the occurrence of injury and all related variables. However, regarding the information relating to personal and training data, moderate correlations were observed for the variables height, time of training, weekly hours, absences, and position, as well as excellent correlations for body mass. Conclusions: we observed recall bias in all information about the characteristics of the injuries reported by adolescent soccer players.

17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(6): 638-644, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-829129

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To compare the autonomic behavior between malnourished children and a control group using analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). Method: Data were analyzed from 70 children who were divided into two groups: malnourished and eutrophic, according to the Z-score nutritional status for height and age. For analysis of HRV indices, heart rate was recorded beat to beat with the child in the supine position for 20 min. The analysis of these indices was performed using linear methods, analyzed in the time and frequency domains. Student's t-test for unpaired data and the Mann-Whitney test were used to compare variables between groups, with a significance level of 5%. Results: A reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and an increase in heart rate were found in malnourished children compared to eutrophic children. The HRV indices suggested that malnourished children present reductions in both sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic nervous system activity. The SDNN, rMSSD, NN50, pNN50, SD1, SD2, TINN, LF (ms2), and HF (ms2) indices were lower in malnourished children. Conclusion: Malnourished children present changes in cardiac autonomic modulation, characterized by reductions in both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, as well as increased heart rate and decreased blood pressure.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a modulação autonômica cardíaca de crianças desnutridas por meio da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC). Método: Foram analisadas 70 crianças com média de 3,71 anos, que foram distribuídas em dois grupos, de acordo com o estado nutricional: desnutridas (n = 35) e eutróficas (n = 35), seguindo o escore Z, para estatura e idade. Para análise dos índices da VFC, a frequência cardíaca foi captada batimento a batimento com as crianças em decúbito dorsal por 20 minutos. A análise desses índices foi feita por meio de métodos lineares, analisados nos domínios do tempo e da frequência. Teste t de Student para dados não pareados e teste de Mann-Whitney foram aplicados para comparar as variáveis entre os grupos, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Redução da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica e aumento na frequência cardíaca foram encontrados nas crianças desnutridas quando comparada com as eutróficas. Os índices da VFC sugerem que crianças desnutridas apresentam uma redução da modulação simpática e parassimpática do sistema nervoso autônomo. Os índices SDNN, rMSSD, NN50, pNN50, SD1, SD2, TINN, BF e AF em ms2 foram menores nas crianças desnutridas. Conclusão: Crianças desnutridas apresentam modificações na modulação autonômica cardíaca caracterizadas por depressão no componente simpático e no parassimpático, bem como aumento na frequência cardíaca e diminuição da pressão arterial.

18.
PLoS One ; 11(10): e0164375, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27788152

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1), of which one of the first subclinical manifestations is changes in heart rate variability (HRV). Thus, analysis of HRV associated with the autonomic active orthostatic test is important in this population. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the autonomic modulation responses induced by the implementation of the active orthostatic test, in children with DM1, and study the autonomic modulation by means of HRV indices. METHOD: Data of 35 children were analyzed, of both sexes, aged between 7 and 15 years, who were divided into two groups: Diabetic (n = 16) and Control (n = 19). The following variables were collected initially: weight, height, body fat percentage, heart rate, blood pressure and casual blood glucose. Subsequently, for analysis of autonomic modulation, the beat-to-beat heart rate was captured by a heart rate monitor in the supine position for 30 minutes and after 10 minutes standing during performance of the active orthostatic test. HRV indices were calculated in the time and frequency domains. For data analysis, covariance analysis was used to compare groups and ANOVA for repeated measures to compare the effects of the active orthostatic test. These data were adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, body fat percentage and casual blood glucose, with a 5% significance level. RESULTS: The results suggested that diabetic children at rest present a decrease in SDNN (50.4 vs. 75.2), rMSSD (38.7 vs 57.6) and LF [ms2] (693.6 vs 1874.6). During the active orthostatic test the children in both groups demonstrated a reduction in SDNN, RMSSD and LF [ms2] compared to the resting position, and this response was less pronounced in the diabetic group. CONCLUSION: We conclude that regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, body fat percentage and casual blood glucose, performing the active orthostatic test promoted increased sympathetic modulation and reduced parasympathetic modulation in both groups, and this response was less pronounced in diabetic children, who presented reduced overall variability and parasympathetic modulation.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Postura/fisiologia , Descanso/fisiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Motriz rev. educ. fís. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 174-182, July-Sept. 2016. tab, Ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-789106

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the effects of water intake on heart rate variability (HRV) during and after exercise. Methods: Thirty-one young males performed three different procedures: I) a maximal exercise test to determine the load for the protocols; II) the control protocol (CP); III) the experimental protocol (EP). The protocols comprised 10 minutes at rest, 90 minutes of treadmill exercise (60% of VO2 peak), and 60 minutes of recovery. No rehydration beverage consumption was allowed during the CP. During the EP, the participants were given water every 15 minutes, being that the amount of water to be ingested by each volunteer was divided over the time of exercise and recovery. For the analysis of HRV data, time and frequency domain indices were investigated in the following moments (M): M1 (5 minutes final of rest), M2 (25-30 minutes of exercise), M3 (55-60 minutes of exercise), M4 (85-90 minutes of exercise), M5 (5-10 minutes of recovery), M6 (15-20 minutes of recovery), M7 (25-30 minutes of recovery), M8 (40-45 minutes of recovery), and M9 (55-60 minutes of recovery). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups that were examined during the exercise. HRV values for the CP and EP at the end of the exercise period were as follows SDNN (5.95±1.89 vs 6.89±2.11); RMSSD (3.29±0.78 vs 3.39±0.95); HF [nu] (24.06±14.26 vs 19.10±11.94); LF [nu] (75.93±14.26 vs 80.89±11.94); HF [ms2] (0.90±1.16 vs 0.94±0.89); LF [ms2] (4.65±5.94 vs 5.35±5.09); and LF/HF ratio (4.64±3.15 vs 6.95±5.57). HRV values for the CP and the EP at the end of the recovery period were as follows: SDNN (39.63±19.63 vs 49.95±17.79); RMSSD (21.63±15.55 vs 36.43±22.73); HF [ms2] (285.51±392.27 vs 699.29±699.66); LF [nu] (74.55±13.25 vs 61.19±19.27); and HF [nu] (25.44±13.25 vs 38.8±19.27). Conclusion: The hydration with water was not enough to significantly influence the linear HRV indices during exercise; however, it promoted faster recovery of these variables after exercise


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Água/análise , Exercício/fisiologia , Soluções para Reidratação , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia
20.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 92(6): 638-644, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27234037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the autonomic behavior between malnourished children and a control group using analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). METHOD: Data were analyzed from 70 children who were divided into two groups: malnourished and eutrophic, according to the Z-score nutritional status for height and age. For analysis of HRV indices, heart rate was recorded beat to beat with the child in the supine position for 20min. The analysis of these indices was performed using linear methods, analyzed in the time and frequency domains. Student's t-test for unpaired data and the Mann-Whitney test were used to compare variables between groups, with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and an increase in heart rate were found in malnourished children compared to eutrophic children. The HRV indices suggested that malnourished children present reductions in both sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic nervous system activity. The SDNN, rMSSD, NN50, pNN50, SD1, SD2, TINN, LF (ms2), and HF (ms2) indices were lower in malnourished children. CONCLUSION: Malnourished children present changes in cardiac autonomic modulation, characterized by reductions in both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, as well as increased heart rate and decreased blood pressure.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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