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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112265, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580941

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hymenaea cangaceira Pinto, Mansano & Azevedo (Fabaceae) is a Brazilian medicinal plant widely known as "Jatobá". In folk medicine, it is used to treat infections, respiratory problems, rheumatism, antitumoral, inflammation and pain, however, no activity has been scientifically validated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated chemical composition of essential oil from Hymenaea cangaceira (EOHc), antimicrobial, antinociceptive and antioxidant activities besides protection against DNA damage and hemolysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation, and characterized by GC-MS and GC-FID. The evaluation of antimicrobial activity was performed by microdilution method. The evaluation of the antioxidant activity was performed using the radicals DPPH, ABTS, O2- and OH-, and the protection of DNA damage using plasmid pBR322. Different experimental models were used to evaluate the antinociceptive effect (acetic acid and formalin), and evaluate the mechanisms of action involved with pharmacological antagonists (naloxone, atropine and gibenclamide) in mice. The essential oil was evaluated for hemolysis on human erythrocytes. RESULTS: The extraction of EOHc showed a yield of 0.18% on a dry basis, presenting high content of hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes (79.04%), high antioxidant activity and protect DNA from damage, besides presenting antifungal and antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in vitro. It was found that the essential oil had no acute toxicity in mice up to 5000 mg/kg oral administration (o.a.), in addition to no hemolysis on human erythrocytes. The reduction of antinociceptive activity was 75%, with the opioid system as the mechanism of action. CONCLUSION: Our results validate the main activities by the traditional use attributed to H. cangaceira for antimicrobial and analgesic activity. In addition, the oil has a potent antioxidant activity, protecting the body against oxidative stress damage, adding new value to an endemic species not known to the industry.

2.
Biomolecules ; 9(10)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597408

RESUMO

Anadenanthera colubrina var cebil (Griseb.) Altschul is a medicinal plant found throughout the Brazilian semi-arid area. This work performed a bioguided purification of active substances present in ethyl acetate extract from A. colubrina leaves. The anti-Staphylococcus aureus and antioxidant actions were used as markers of bioactivity. The extract was subjected to flash chromatography resulting in five fractions (F1, F2, F3, F4, and F5). The fractions F2 and F4 presented the highest antimicrobial action, with a dose able to inhibit 50% of bacteria growth (IN50) of 19.53 µg/mL for S. aureus UFPEDA 02; whereas F4 showed higher inhibitory action towards DPPH radical (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) [dose able to inhibit 50% of the radical (IC50) = 133 ± 9 µg/mL]. F2 and F4 were then subjected to preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), resulting in the identification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and hyperoside as the major compounds in F2 and F4, respectively. Hyperoside and p-hydroxybenzoic acid presented IN50 values of 250 µg/mL and 500 µg/mL against S. aureus UFPEDA 02, respectively. However, the hyperoside had an IN50 of 62.5 µg/mL against S. aureus UFPEDA 705, a clinical isolate with multidrug resistant phenotype. Among the purified compounds, the proanthocyanidins obtained from F2 exhibited the higher antioxidant potentials. Taken together, these results highlight the potential of A. colubrina leaves as an alternative source of biomolecules of interest for the pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic industries.

3.
Microb Pathog ; 131: 150-157, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965089

RESUMO

In this study, essential oil extracted from Syagrus coronata seeds (SCEO) was evaluated for antibacterial and antibiofilm activities against Staphylococcus aureus; in addition, Galleria mellonella model was used as an in vivo infection model. SCEO was mainly composed by fatty acids (89.79%) and sesquiterpenes (8.5%). The major components were octanoic acid, dodecanoic acid, decanoic acid and γ-eudesmol. SCEO showed bactericidal activity (minimal bactericidal concentration from 312 to 1250 µg/mL) against all tested S. aureus clinical isolates, which showed distinct biofilm-forming and multiple drug resistance phenotypes. SCEO weakly reduced biomass but remarkably decreased cell viability in pre-formed biofilms of S. aureus isolate UFPEDA-02 (ATCC-6538). Electron microscopy analysis showed that SCEO treatments decreased the number of bacterial cells (causing structural alterations) and lead to loss of the roughness in the multiple layers of the three-dimensional biofilm structure. In addition, overproduction of exopolymeric matrix was observed. SCEO at 31.2 mg/kg improved the survival of G. mellonela larvae inoculated with UFPEDA-02 isolate and reduced the bacterial load in hemolymph and melanization. In conclusion, SCEO is an antibacterial agent against S. aureus strains with different resistance phenotypes and able to disturb biofilm architecture. Our results show SCEO as a potential candidate to drug development.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Arecaceae/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros/microbiologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brasil , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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