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2.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 46-57, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854322

RESUMO

The authors summarize the last 10 years of an ongoing collaborative study between the Universities of Szeged and Pittsburgh on early onset major depression. First, the "Risk factors of childhood depression" grant is presented briefly as an initial research study in which the subjects of the current studies were recruited. This is a prominently large clinical sample in the field of child psychiatry even on an international level. In addition to the follow-up of the prognosis of the disorder, recent studies continue to explore the early onset depression in two directions. On the one hand, two studies investigate the role of biobehavioral inflexibility markers in the development of major depression ("Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression" and "Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression - renewal grant"). On the other hand, the authors would like to have a better understanding of the possible relationship between the major depression and cardiovascular diseases ("Pediatric depression and subsequent cardiac risk factors: a longitudinal study"). The most significant aims of the three studies will be demonstrated, as well as how the studies were prepared and organized along with the already existing experience concerning research management and involvement of new collaborating partners and experts.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Organização do Financiamento/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Criança , Depressão/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Universidades/organização & administração
3.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 89(1): 93-99, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702734

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new -(fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(18): 2278-2291, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The assessment of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) in left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) expands the risk stratification potential of stress echocardiography (SE) based on stress-induced regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and functional correlates of CFVR. METHODS: This prospective, observational, multicenter study initially screened 3,410 patients (2,061 [60%] male; age 63 ± 11 years; ejection fraction 61 ± 9%) with known or suspected coronary artery disease and/or heart failure. All patients underwent SE (exercise, n = 1,288; vasodilator, n = 1,860; dobutamine, n = 262) based on new or worsening RWMA in 20 accredited laboratories of 8 countries. CFVR was calculated as the stress/rest ratio of diastolic peak flow velocity pulsed-Doppler assessment of LAD flow. A subset of 1,867 patients was followed up. RESULTS: The success rate for CFVR on LAD was 3,002 of 3,410 (feasibility = 88%). Reduced (≤2.0) CFVR was found in 896 of 3,002 (30%) patients. At multivariable logistic regression analysis, inducible RWMA (odds ratio [OR]: 6.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.9 to 8.5; p < 0.01), abnormal left ventricular contractile reserve (OR: 3.4; 95% CI: 2.7 to 4.2; p < 0.01), and B-lines (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1 to 1.9; p = 0.01) were associated with reduced CFVR. During a median follow-up time of 16 months, 218 events occurred. RWMA (hazard ratio: 3.8; 95% CI: 2.3 to 6.3; p < 0.001) and reduced CFVR (hazard ratio: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.009) were independently associated with adverse outcome. CONCLUSIONS: CFVR is feasible with all SE protocols. Reduced CFVR is often accompanied by RWMA, abnormal LVCR, and pulmonary congestion during stress, and shows independent value over RWMA in predicting an adverse outcome.

5.
Kardiol Pol ; 77(11): 1011-1019, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647477

RESUMO

Stress echocardiography is a safe, low­cost, widely available, radiation­free versatile imaging modality that is becoming increasingly recognized as a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary heart disease. In recent years, there has also been an increasing use of stress echocardiography in the assessment of nonischemic cardiac disease given its unique ability for simultaneous assessment of both functional performance and exercise­related noninvasive hemodynamic changes, which can help guide treatment and inform about the prognosis of the patients. Today, in the echocardiography laboratory, we can not only detect wall motion abnormalities resulting from coronary artery stenosis, but also detect alterations to the coronary microvessels, left ventricular systolic and diastolic parameters, heart valves, pulmonary circulation, alveolar­capillary barrier, and right ventricle. The role of stress echo has been well established in several pathologies, such as aortic stenosis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; however, other indications, namely the results of diastolic stress testing and pulmonary hypertension, need additional data and research. This paper presents the current evidence for the role of stress testing in mitral regurgitation, aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, and pulmonary hypertension.

6.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 38(7): 519-525, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492459

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Assuntos
Autoria , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Cardiologia , Políticas Editoriais , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Humanos
7.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 34(2): 11-36, ago. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1014545

RESUMO

Resumen: La Red de Editores de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología (ESC, por su sigla en inglés) constituye un foro dinámico dedicado a discusiones editoriales y respalda las recomendaciones del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas (ICMJE, por su sigla en inglés) destinadas a mejorar la calidad científica de las revistas biomédicas. La paternidad literaria confiere crédito, además de importantes recompensas académicas. Recientemente, sin embargo, el ICMJE ha destacado que la autoría también exige que los autores sean responsables y se hagan cargo de lo que publican. Estas cuestiones ahora están cubiertas por el nuevo (cuarto) criterio para la autoría. Los autores deben aceptar hacerse responsables de lo que escriben y garantizar un adecuado enfoque de las cuestiones concernientes a la precisión e integridad de todo el trabajo. Esta revisión analiza las implicancias de este cambio de paradigma en los requisitos de autoría con el objetivo de aumentar la conciencia sobre las buenas prácticas científicas y editoriales.


Summary: The Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Resumo: A Rede de Editores da Sociedade Europeia de Cardiologia é um fórum dinâmico para discussões editoriais e apoia as recomendações do Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas, visando melhorar a qualidade científica das revistas biomédicas. A autoria confere crédito, além de importantes recompensas acadêmicas. Recentemente, no entanto, o Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas enfatizou que a autoria também requer que os autores sejam responsáveis do que escrevem e se encarreguem do que publicam. Essas questões agora estão cobertas pelo novo (quarto) critério de autoria. Os autores devem concordar em ser responsáveis e garantir que as questões relativas à precisão e integridade de todo o trabalho sejam abordadas de maneira apropriada. Esta revisão discute as implicações dessa mudança de paradigma nos requisitos de autoria, com o objetivo de aumentar a conscientização sobre as boas práticas científicas e editoriais.

8.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 89(2): 105-111, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314006

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new -(fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

9.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(7): 723-729, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041501

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Assuntos
Autoria , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Cardiologia , Responsabilidade Social , Sociedades Médicas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos
10.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 21(5): 281-286, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062751

RESUMO

The Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Assuntos
Autoria , Responsabilidade Social , Cardiologia , Políticas Editoriais , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Turquia
11.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(3): 23, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963299

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Assuntos
Autoria/normas , Cardiologia/organização & administração , Políticas Editoriais , Responsabilidade Social
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(4)2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Here we examined myocardial microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in a sensory neuropathy model with cardiac diastolic dysfunction and aimed to identify key mRNA molecular targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs that may contribute to cardiac dysfunction. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated with vehicle or capsaicin for 3 days to induce systemic sensory neuropathy. Seven days later, diastolic dysfunction was detected by echocardiography, and miRNAs were isolated from the whole ventricles. RESULTS: Out of 711 known miRNAs measured by miRNA microarray, the expression of 257 miRNAs was detected in the heart. As compared to vehicle-treated hearts, miR-344b, miR-466b, miR-98, let-7a, miR-1, miR-206, and miR-34b were downregulated, while miR-181a was upregulated as validated also by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). By an in silico network analysis, we identified common mRNA targets (insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), solute carrier family 2 facilitated glucose transporter member 12 (SLC2a-12), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4e (EIF-4e), and Unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 2 (ULK-2)) targeted by at least three altered miRNAs. Predicted upregulation of these mRNA targets were validated by qRT-PCR. CONCLUSION: This is the first demonstration that sensory neuropathy affects cardiac miRNA expression network targeting IGF-1, SLC2a-12, EIF-4e, and ULK-2, which may contribute to cardiac diastolic dysfunction. These results further support the need for unbiased omics approach followed by in silico prediction and validation of molecular targets to reveal novel pathomechanisms.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/etiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Polineuropatias/complicações , Animais , Capsaicina/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Masculino , Polineuropatias/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 88-96, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary cardiac manifestation is a common complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc) with poor prognosis. The aim of the current study was to detect potential myocardial inflammation present in asymptomatic SSc patients by 18F-FDG-PET/CT and to investigate its relationship with early signs of myocardial dysfunction as detected by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). METHODS: Sixteen consecutive patients with SSc and 9 control patients without clinical evidence of cardiac involvement were enrolled in the study. On 18F-FDG-PET acquired images blood-pool normalised SUV ratio and heterogenity index (HI: standard deviation of SUV divided with mean SUV) were calculated. Within 24 hours all SSc patients underwent 2DSTE strain analysis. RESULTS: Eight of 16 SSc patients were found to be visually PET-positive and showed significantly higher myocardial 18F-FDG SUV ratio (1.78±0.74 vs. 0.98±0.03; p<0.05) and heterogenity index (0.13±0.02 vs. 0.05±0.02; p<0.001) as compared to the control group. FDG-PET/CT derived values did not differ significantly between visually PET-negative (8/16) and control patients (SUV ratio: 0.98±0.05 vs. 0.98±0.03; HI: 0.05±0.01 vs. 0.05±0.02). Global left ventricular longitudinal strain values did not differ significantly between PET-positive and negative patients (17.18±3.49% vs. 17.59±3.65%). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial inflammation, as a potential sign of early cardiac involvement can be detected by 18-FDG-PET/CT in a considerable percentage of systemic sclerosis patients presenting without cardiac symptoms.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Miocardite , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/patologia , Projetos Piloto , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
16.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 16(1): 20, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30249305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness trial "Stress echo (SE) 2020" evaluates novel applications of SE in and beyond coronary artery disease. The core protocol also includes 4-site simplified scan of B-lines by lung ultrasound, useful to assess pulmonary congestion. PURPOSE: To provide web-based upstream quality control and harmonization of B-lines reading criteria. METHODS: 60 readers (all previously accredited for regional wall motion, 53 B-lines naive) from 52 centers of 16 countries of SE 2020 network read a set of 20 lung ultrasound video-clips selected by the Pisa lab serving as reference standard, after taking an obligatory web-based learning 2-h module ( http://se2020.altervista.org ). Each test clip was scored for B-lines from 0 (black lung, A-lines, no B-lines) to 10 (white lung, coalescing B-lines). The diagnostic gold standard was the concordant assessment of two experienced readers of the Pisa lab. The answer of the reader was considered correct if concordant with reference standard reading ±1 (for instance, reference standard reading of 5 B-lines; correct answer 4, 5, or 6). The a priori determined pass threshold was 18/20 (≥ 90%) with R value (intra-class correlation coefficient) between reference standard and recruiting center) > 0.90. Inter-observer agreement was assessed with intra-class correlation coefficient statistics. RESULTS: All 60 readers were successfully accredited: 26 (43%) on first, 24 (40%) on second, and 10 (17%) on third attempt. The average diagnostic accuracy of the 60 accredited readers was 95%, with R value of 0.95 compared to reference standard reading. The 53 B-lines naive scored similarly to the 7 B-lines expert on first attempt (90 versus 95%, p = NS). Compared to the step-1 of quality control for regional wall motion abnormalities, the mean reading time per attempt was shorter (17 ± 3 vs 29 ± 12 min, p < .01), the first attempt success rate was higher (43 vs 28%, p < 0.01), and the drop-out of readers smaller (0 vs 28%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Web-based learning is highly effective for teaching and harmonizing B-lines reading. Echocardiographers without previous experience with B-lines learn quickly.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/normas , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Controle de Qualidade , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 18(1): 45, 2018 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the frame of National Epidemiological Surveillance System, family physicians have an obligation to report infections and suspicions cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, daily practice and the reporting activities of Hungarian family physicians regarding to infectious diseases. METHODS: A self-administered survey was developed, validated and used. The survey was completed by family physicians who had taken part in continuous medical educational programmes of all Hungarian medical faculties. The questionnaire, consisting demographic questions and 10 statements about their reporting habits were completed by 347 doctors, 8% of the total number of family physicians. The data were processed in a cross-sectional design with general linear model. RESULTS: According to the majority of responders, the current reporting system works efficiently. Rural physicians were mainly agreed, that reporting is not a simply obligation, it is a professional task as well. They were less hindered in daily work by reporting activities, waited less for laboratory confirmation before reporting, reported suspicious cases more frequently. Practitioner's based in urban settlements preferred to await laboratory tests before reporting and were hindered less by failures of the electronic reporting system. Older physicians trusted more in the recent system and they wished to increase the number of reports. Female physicians have higher consciousness in epidemiology. They were mostly in agreement that even severe infectious diseases can be diagnosed at primary care level and their daily practices were less burdened by reporting duties. CONCLUSIONS: Both the epidemiological knowledge of general practitioners' and the electronic surveillance systems should be improved. There is a need to develope the electronic infrastructure of primary care. More and regular control is also expected by the health care authorities, beside the synthesis of professional and governmental expectations and regulations.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos de Família , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica Continuada , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
18.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 19(4): 135-142, 2018 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064165

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death in athletes is rare and most often unexpectable. For a better understanding of cardiac remodeling, this study presents the effects of chronic vigorous exercise on cardiac structure and electrophysiology in new rabbit and dog athlete's heart models. Rabbits and dogs were randomized into sedentary ('Sed'), exercised (subjected to 16 weeks chronic treadmill exercise ('Ex') groups, and a testosterone-treated ('Dop') group in dogs. Echocardiography and electrocardiogram were performed. Proarrhythmic sensitivity and autonomic responses were tested in conscious dogs. 'Ex' animals exhibited left ventricular enlargement with bradycardia (mean RR in 'Ex' vs. 'Sed' rabbits: 335 ± 15 vs. 288 ±19 ms, p ≤ 0.05, and in 'Dop' vs. 'Ex' vs. 'Sed' dogs: 718 ± 6 vs. 638 ± 38 vs. 599 ± 49 ms) accompanied by an increase of heart rate variability in both species (e.g. SD RR in 'Ex' vs. 'Sed' rabbits: 3.4 ± 0.9 vs. 1.4 ± 0.1 ms, p ≤ 0.05, and in 'Dop' vs. 'Ex' vs. 'Sed' dogs: 156 ± 59 vs. 163 ± 44 vs. 111 ± 49 ms) indicating an increased vagal tone. A lower response to parasympatholytic agent atropine and more pronounced QTc interval lengthening after dofetilide challenge were found in 'Ex' and 'Dop' dogs compared to the 'Sed' group. No morphological and functional changes were found after chronic steroid treatment in dogs. The structural-functional findings share more similarities with human athlete's heart. Slight repolarization sensitivity in the exercised dogs may indicate an increased risk of arrhythmias in athletes under different circumstances. These animal models might be useful for the further investigations of the cardiovascular effects of competitive training.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia Induzida por Exercícios , Frequência Cardíaca , Coração/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Resistência Física , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adaptação Fisiológica , Androgênios/farmacologia , Animais , Antiarrítmicos/farmacologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Cães , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Coelhos , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 249: 479-485, 2017 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28986062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trial "Stress Echo (SE) 2020" evaluates novel applications of SE beyond coronary artery disease. The aim of the study was control quality and harmonize reading criteria. METHODS: One reader from 78 centers of the SE 2020 network asked for credentials to read a set of 20 SE video-clips selected by the core lab. All aspiring centers met the pre-requisite of high-volume and the years of experience in SE ranged from 5 to 31years (mean value 18years). The diagnostic gold standard was a reading by the core lab. The a priori determined pass threshold was 18/20 (≥90%). RESULTS: Of the initial 78 who started, 57 completed the first attempt: individual readers' score on first attempt ranged from 07/20 to 20/20 (accuracy from 35% to 100%, mean 78.7±13%) and 44 readers passed it. There was a very poor correlation between years of experience and the reader's score on first attempt (r=-0.161, p=0.231). Of the 13 readers who failed the first attempt, 12 took it again after the web-based session and their accuracy improved (74% vs. 96%, p<0.001). The kappa inter-observer agreement before and after web-based training was 0.59 on first attempt and rose to 0.91 on the last attempt. CONCLUSIONS: In SE reading, the volume of activity or years of experience is not synonymous with diagnostic quality. Qualitative analysis and operator-dependence can become a limiting weakness in clinical practice, in the absence of strict pathways of learning, credentialing and audit.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 108(5): 390-395, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28591318

RESUMO

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship - emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed. Last year, a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data was launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and editors belonging to the Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology. Resumo O Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas (ICMJE) fornece recomendações para aprimorar o padrão editorial e a qualidade científica das revistas biomédicas. Tais recomendações variam desde requisitos técnicos de uniformização até assuntos editoriais mais complexos e elusivos, como os aspectos éticos do processo científico. Recentemente, foram propostos registro de ensaios clínicos, divulgação de conflitos de interesse e novos critérios de autoria, enfatizando a importância da responsabilidade e da responsabilização. No último ano, lançou-se uma nova iniciativa editorial para fomentar o compartilhamento dos dados de ensaios clínicos. Esta revisão discute essa nova iniciativa visando a aumentar a conscientização de leitores, investigadores, autores e editores filiados à Rede de Editores da Sociedade Europeia de Cardiologia.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/organização & administração , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto/normas , Políticas Editoriais , Disseminação de Informação , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Sociedades Médicas
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