Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 224
Filtrar
1.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of non-treponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20 to 29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

2.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089420

RESUMO

We present a challenging case of HIV-related lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma (LLKS) affecting the oral cavity. A 54-year-old Brazilian male patient was referred to our center complaining of bleeding lesions affecting the oral cavity for 2 months. Interestingly, these oral lesions were the first clinical manifestation of HIV infection. Clinically, multiple erythematous nodular and patch lesions were observed. An incisional biopsy was performed, revealing numerous microscopic angled and irregular vascular channels lined with flattened endothelial cells. More cellularized and solid areas consisting of more fusiform cells with little pleomorphism and with slit-like vascular channels were noted. Based on immunoreactivity for CD31, CD34, D2-40, and HHV-8, the final diagnosis was oral LLKS. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was initiated with dolutegravir, tenofovir, and lamivudine. During follow-up, the patient showed KS metastases to other sites and a chemotherapeutic protocol was initiated. Regression of the oral lesion was clearly noted by the clinicians 1 year after the KS diagnosis. Dentists should be able to recognize systemic diseases that affect the oral cavity such as KS in order to make an early diagnosis of its oral manifestations and to implement effective therapeutic measures to ensure a better prognosis.

3.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.

4.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.

5.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 565-571, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal proliferation and infiltration of histiocytic cells. METHODS: This review focused on the main aspects associated with LCH. RESULTS: LCH can involve single or multiple organs and systems, with bone and skin being the most commonly affected sites. Regarding skeletal manifestations, the jawbones are involved in about 20%-30% of all cases. Such lesions may present as unilocular or multilocular images mainly affecting the posterior mandible. Oral soft tissue lesions may also occur, with the gingiva and hard palate being the most frequently affected sites. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis and management of LCH are challenging, requiring a multidisciplinary approach, with dentists playing a central role since oral manifestations can be the first sign of the condition.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Gengiva , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Mandíbula , Pele
9.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 622-630, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, mature small B-cell lymphomas may arise in the oral/maxillofacial area and oral pathologists must be aware of the key characteristics of these neoplasms to perform an accurate diagnosis. In this manuscript, we attempted to integrate the currently available data on the clinicopathological features of follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-L), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting these anatomical regions. METHODS: An updated descriptive literature review was carried out and a detailed electronic search was done in multiple databases to gather all cases affecting the oral/maxillofacial region and palatine tonsils. RESULTS: We observed that MALT-L was the most frequently reported subtype, followed by FL, MCL, and CLL/SLL. The palate was affected in a high proportion of cases and the most usual clinical presentation was an asymptomatic swelling. MALT-L and CLL/SLL neoplastic cells were strongly associated with small salivary glands. FL showed no gender preference, while MCL and CLL/SLL were more prevalent in males and MALT-L in females. Overall, cases were more common in elderly individuals. Patients' treatment and outcome varied, with MCL being the most aggressive neoplasm with a dismal prognosis in comparison to FL and MALT-L. CONCLUSION: Despite the poor documentation in many of the cases available, especially regarding the microscopic and molecular features of tumors, this review demonstrated that the oral mature small B-cell lymphomas investigated share similar clinical presentation, but carry different prognostic significance, demanding an accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Masculino , Boca
11.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 587-593, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD30 is variably expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but its prognostic potential for the affected patients remains debatable and unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency of CD30 expression in DLBCL and its potential for prognostic determination. METHODS: An electronic systematic review was performed using multiple databases, followed by a quantitative meta-analysis to assess the frequency of CD30 expression with positivity cut-off values of >0% and >20%, and to determine its association with clinicopathological features and patients' survival. RESULTS: Using a cut-off value >0%, we observed that 3.5%-59.1% of the cases were considered positive for CD30. There was a significant association of the protein expression with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, with Ann Arbor advanced stage, the absence of B-symptoms, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG performance. Using a cut-off value >20%, we observed that 2.5%-36.7% of the cases were considered positive for CD30, being significantly associated with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, Ann Arbor stages III/IV, non-GCB tumours, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG value. CD30 expression was significantly associated with a better survival rate, regardless of what cut-off parameter was used. CONCLUSION: Despite variations in the cut-off values used to determine CD30 positivity in DLBCL, the expression of this protein seems to be associated with a higher survival rate and better prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-1/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 162: 103352, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991662

RESUMO

In numerous types of cancer, the primary tumor site can show a correlation with disease behavior and survival outcomes. In salivary gland tumors (SGTs) this association remains controversial. This study assessed the association between primary sites of SGTs and prognosis. Studies from five databases were assessed and a meta-analysis was performed using studies that presented 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), hazard ratio (HR) and survival analysis. Gathered information from 46,361 patients showed that site had a prognostic impact on SGTs. Tumors involving minor salivary glands showed worse overall survival (HR = 1.60; 95 % CI = 1.17-2.19; p = 0.003), disease-specific survival (HR=1.63; 95 % CI = 1.12-2.37; p = 0.01), and cause-specific survival (HR=2.10; 95 % CI = 1.72-2.55; p = 0.00001). Tumors from major salivary glands showed better recurrence-free survival (HR=2.31; 95 % CI = 1.77-3.02; p = 0.00001), and locoregional control of disease (HR=2.66; 95 % CI = 1.20-5.91; p = 0.02). Our results showed that the primary site of SGTs has an impact on patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic epithelial tumour with a low expression of mismatch repair system components. We aimed to investigate the methylation status of the genes MSH2, MSH3 and MSH6 (MutS group) in conventional ameloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ameloblastoma and dental follicle samples (n = 10 each) were collected from 20 different patients. Each ameloblastoma sample was sectioned into two fragments: one was paraffin-embedded while the other one, likewise the dental follicle samples, was fixed in RNAlater and frozen at -196°C. All frozen samples were investigated for the MutS genes methylation levels, using the enzymatic restriction digestion and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. The ameloblastoma paraffin-embedded samples were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions for MutS proteins detection and digitally quantification. Correlation analyses were performed between the immunohistochemical results and the respective gene methylation percentage. RESULTS: There are no significant differences between the MutS genes methylation levels in the ameloblastoma and the dental follicle. However, a strong negative correlation was found between MSH2 and MSH6 gene methylation status and their respective proteins expressions evaluated by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the genes methylations is in part responsible for decreasing the expression of MSH2 and MSH6 genes in ameloblastoma.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799466

RESUMO

Oral cancer/oral squamous cell carcinoma is among the top ten most common cancers globally, with over 500,000 new cases and 350,000 associated deaths every year worldwide. There is a critical need for objective, novel technologies that facilitate early, accurate diagnosis. For this purpose, we have developed a method to classify images as "suspicious" and "normal" by performing transfer learning on Inception-ResNet-V2 and generated automated heat maps to highlight the region of the images most likely to be involved in decision making. We have tested the developed method's feasibility on two independent datasets of clinical photographic images of 30 and 24 patients from the UK and Brazil, respectively. Both 10-fold cross-validation and leave-one-patient-out validation methods were performed to test the system, achieving accuracies of 73.6% (±19%) and 90.9% (±12%), F1-scores of 97.9% and 87.2%, and precision values of 95.4% and 99.3% at recall values of 100.0% and 81.1% on these two respective cohorts. This study presents several novel findings and approaches, namely the development and validation of our methods on two datasets collected in different countries showing that using patches instead of the whole lesion image leads to better performance and analyzing which regions of the images are predictive of the classes using class activation map analysis.

15.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e037, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909859

RESUMO

Optimizing the quality of referral letters could be the first step to a correct clinical approach for patients. Referral letters should be legible and contain the necessary information to avoid delaying the patient's diagnosis and treatment. However, to date, few studies have been conducted on how referrals are performed in Brazil. Knowledge regarding the quality of referral letters can provide information to better guide health care professionals. This study was aimed at analyzing all referrals received by a single oral medicine service in Brazil. Referral letters were classified into poor, regular, good, and excellent based on key items concerning the primary morphology of the lesion, location, diagnostic hypothesis, symptomatology, time of evolution, consistency, size, and limits. A total of 500 referral letters were evaluated, including 271 (54.2%) from a private service and 229 (45.8%) from a public service. Dentists and physicians had written 475 (95%) and 25 (5%) referral letters, respectively. Among the 500 referrals analyzed in this study, the number of regular, poor, good, and excellent referrals was 236 (47.2%), 203 (40.6%), 58 (11.6%), and one (0.6%), respectively, showing a lack of important clinical information in referrals.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Brasil , Humanos
16.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713188

RESUMO

The role of digital pathology in remote reporting has seen an increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently, recommendations had been made regarding the urgent need of reorganizing head and neck cancer diagnostic services to provide a safe work environment for the staff. A total of 162 glass slides from 109 patients over a period of 5 weeks were included in this validation and were assessed by all pathologists in both analyses (digital and conventional) to allow intraobserver comparison. The intraobserver agreement between the digital method (DM) and conventional method (CM) was considered almost perfect (κ ranged from 0.85 to 0.98, with 95% CI, ranging from 0.81 to 1). The most significant and frequent disagreements within trainees encompassed epithelial dysplasia grading and differentiation among severe dysplasia (carcinoma in situ) and oral squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequent pitfall from DM was lag in screen mirroring. The lack of details of inflammatory cells and the need for a higher magnification to assess dysplasia were pointed in one case each. The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated and consolidated the use of online meeting tools, which would be a valuable resource even in the post-pandemic scenario. Adaptation in laboratory workflow, the advent of digital pathology and remote reporting can mitigate the impact of similar future disruptions to the oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratory workflow avoiding delays in diagnosis and report, to facilitate timely management of head and neck cancer patients. Graphical abstract.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737015

RESUMO

During oral pathology daily practice, true amyloid may be identified in oral amyloidosis and several odontogenic tumors. However, histologic examination often reveals other oral and perioral diseases with similar eosinophilic, acellular, amorphous substances. These include extensive areas of collagenous sclerosis, fibrin deposition, elastic fiber degeneration, and dentinoid material, which may resemble amyloid under light microscopic examination. These materials are often termed "amyloid-like" due to their close histologic resemblance to true amyloid. The rarity of most of these conditions and their strong histologic similarity may hamper an accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions may require clinical correlation; laboratory evaluation; histochemical or immunohistochemical reactions; and, in some cases, genetic investigation. In this review, we describe the main clinicopathologic features of this group of diseases that may manifest in the oral and/or perioral regions and that have in common the presence of amyloid-like material deposition.

18.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of BPIFA proteins in the saliva and salivary glands of hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included patients who had undergone autologous HCT (auto-HCT) and allogeneic HCT (allo-HCT), and unstimulated saliva was collected at three time points, with a fourth collection at oral chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) onset. BPIFA expression was analysed by Western blotting in saliva and immunostaining in the minor salivary glands of cGVHD patients. RESULTS: Auto-HCT patients showed increased levels of BPIFA1 (p = .021) and BPIFA2 at D+7 (p = .040), whereas allo-HCT group demonstrated decreased expression of BPIFA2 at D+8 (p = .002) and at D+80 (p = .001) and a significant association between BPIFA2 low levels and hyposalivation was observed (p = .02). BPIFA2 was significantly lower in the cGVHD patients when compared to baseline (p = .04). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show distinct pattern of expression of BPIF proteins in both auto-HCT and allo-HCT recipients with decreased levels of BPIFA2 during hyposalivation and cGVHD. Further studies are necessary to elucidate these proteins mechanisms and their clinical implications in these groups of patients.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653646

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the epidemiologic profile, screen for possible risk factors, and evaluate the spectrum of clinical characteristics of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) around dental implants (DIs). METHODS: The systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses statement. RESULTS: Thirty-three articles met the eligibility criteria. In total, the sample consisted of 63 patients, and women comprised the majority (55.5%). The mean age of patients was 66.7 years. Oral potentially malignant disorders were reported in 46% of patients, of which 65.5% occurred in women. The most common lesion found in women was oral lichen planus (52.6%). In 88.8% of patients OSCC around DIs occurred in the mandible, and the most common clinical appearance of the lesions was an exophytic mass (46%). Most of these lesions were initially treated as peri-implantitis. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with OSCC around DIs were women without known risk factors. It is important to emphasize that these lesions may present clinical and radiographic features that could resemble peri-implantitis, which can lead to delay in the diagnosis and subsequent treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Implantes Dentários , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Líquen Plano Bucal , Neoplasias Bucais , Peri-Implantite , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Peri-Implantite/epidemiologia , Peri-Implantite/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
20.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; : 20200586, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Calcifying odontogenic cysts (COCs) exhibit diverse clinical behaviours and may be associated with other benign odontogenic tumours. In this study, the clinical and radiological features of COCs were analysed according to subtypes based on the classification by Praetorius et al. Emphasis was placed on cases exhibiting atypical or aggressive radiological appearances. This information may assist the clinician to better understand the radiological spectrum of COCs. METHODS: Histologically confirmed cases of COCs were retrospectively reviewed in a 20-year period from three tertiary institutions. The following clinical information was reviewed: patient demographics, main complaint, clinical duration, anatomical site and detailed radiological features. RESULTS: Twenty-seven cases of COCs were included in the study. Asymptomatic swelling was the main clinical presentation with infrequent reports of associated pain. COCs had an anterior mandibular predilection. Well-demarcated borders were seen in all cases with isolated cases showing focal areas with loss of demarcation. Unilocular lesions were more common than multilocular variants. Internal calcifications were frequent and six cases presented with associated odontomas. Maxillary COCs resulted in the displacement of the maxillary sinus and/or nasal cavity walls. Radiological signs of aggression, including cortical destruction, were noted in a few cases. CONCLUSION: Given the fact that COCs can present with a spectrum of clinical behaviours and radiological presentations, the academic debate regarding the cystic versus neoplastic nature of the entity is justifiable. The cases in the current sample presented with diverse presentations, ranging from indolent to lesions with significant growth and aggression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...