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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of oral leukoplakia and oral erythroplakia in young patients. STUDY DESIGN: The systematic review was based on the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines and performed in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. The studies included were cross-sectional, cohort, and diagnostic, which provided with clinical and microscopic data of patients younger than 40 years. The Critical Appraisal Checklist for Prevalence Studies from the Joanna Briggs Institute and the Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies were used to assess the risk of bias. RESULTS: Five studies met eligibility criteria and were included. The total number of patients from the studies was 1246, of which 115 were young patients (9.2%) with oral leukoplakia as the only oral potentially malignant disorder reported. Oral epithelial dysplasia was identified in 40 cases (34.7%), of which 8 (6.9%) presented malignant transformation. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of oral leukoplakia is low in young patients. Observational studies are necessary for understanding oral leukoplakia and other oral potentially malignant disorders in younger patients.

2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialolipoma is a rare histological variant of lipoma commonly misdiagnosed and composed of a proliferation of mature adipocytes with secondary entrapment of normal salivary gland tissue. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 new cases of sialolipomas in conjunction with a review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 54,190 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from four oral and maxillofacial pathology services in Brazil were analysed. All cases of lipomas were reviewed, and clinical, demographic, and histopathological data were collected of all cases compatible with sialolipomas. In addition, immunohistochemistry stains (AE1/AE3, CK7, 34ßE12, S-100, HHF35, α-SMA, and Ki-67) and a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus) were performed. RESULTS: Among all lipomas reviewed, there were 10 cases of sialolipomas. The series comprised of 7 females (70.0%) and 3 males (30.0%), with a mean age of 46.1 ± 21.5 years (range: 11-71 years) and a 2.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n = 3, 30.0%), and tongue (n = 2, 20.0%), were the most common locations, presenting clinically as a nodule of slow growth and normal colour. Conservative surgical excision was the treatment in all cases. No recurrence was observed. CONCLUSION: Sialolipomas are a rare histological variant of lipoma, affecting the salivary glands, mainly in the parotid gland and palate of female adults. Pathologists must recognise sialolipomas to avoid misdiagnoses with other lipomatous tumours that can affect salivary glands.

3.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known role of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in promoting immune resistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), its potential utility as a prognostic biomarker is undetermined. We evaluated PD-L1 expression as predictor of survival in OSCC patients and explored PD-L1 expression patterns. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study that assessed PD-L1 expression through immunohistochemistry in 123 surgical specimens of OSCC. A first approach evaluated tumor proportion scores (TPS) and combined proportion scores (CPS). Next, expression patterns were examined by evaluating PD-L1 localization in tumor nests, as well as the interfaces of tumor cells (TC) and immune cells (IC) in the tumor microenvironment. RESULTS: High-level PD-L1 expression determined by TPS and CPS using variable cutoffs was not associated with survival. Immunohistochemistry revealed that TC expressed PD-L1 in either patchy or diffuse patterns. The patchy pattern was an independent risk factor for overall survival. Furthermore, expression patterns in the tumor immune microenvironment showed that most cases expressed PD-L1 on both TC and IC, while PD-L1 non-expressors had the lowest overall survival. CONCLUSION: PD-L1 expression patterns in the context of localization in tumor nests and TC-IC interactions represent antitumor immune responses better than either TPS or CPS. Our suggested classification system may have important implications for the characterization of OSCC and for the use of PD-L1 as a prognostic biomarker.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140896

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Describe the epidemiological profile of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) around dental implants (DI), investigate the spectrum of clinical and pathological characteristics, and discuss the implications of diagnosis delay of these lesions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients treated of OSCC adjacent to DI at A.C. Camargo Cancer Center between 2009 and 2020. RESULTS: Thirty one patients were identified, being women the majority (58.1%). The mean age of the patients was 68.8 years. Never smoker corresponds to 46.9% and never alcohol consumer to 54.9% of the sample. OPMD was reported in 45.2% of patients, affecting mainly women (78.5%). Leukoplakia (63.7%) followed by oral lichen planus (36.3%) was the most common OPMD found in women. OSCC adjacent to DI occurred in the inferior gingiva/alveolar mucosa in 48.3% of cases, and ulceration was the most common clinical appearance (87%). Peri-implantitis (PI) was initial clinical diagnosis in 16.1% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Oral squamous cell carcinoma adjacent to DI was more common in women over 70 years old, non-smokers and non-drinker, and the majority had oral leukoplakia before the diagnosis of OSCC. OSCC may present clinical and radiographic features that resemble PI which can delay the diagnosis and impair the prognosis.

5.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 156: 103116, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to provide accurate information about the global prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: a systematic review was performed using three main electronic databases. Studies were independently assessed by two reviewers based on established eligibility criteria, to identify the prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC following criteria defined by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist. Statistical software MedCalc was used to perform meta-analyses. RESULTS: from 2215 records found, 15 were included, reporting data from 6009 patients (time period range: 1980-2016), distributed in 11 countries. Eleven studies were considered as presenting low risk, and four as moderate risk of bias. Using proportion meta-analysis, pooled prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC was 44.8 % (95 %CI: 36.4-53.5 %; i2 = 97.6 %), with the highest rates in New Zealand (74.5 %; 95 %CI: 60.9-85.3 %), and the lowest in Brazil (11.1 %; 95 %CI: 4.5-21.5 %). HPV prevalence was similar between males (45.7 %; 95 %CI: 36.5-55.0 %; i2 = 96.4 %) and females (42.2 %; 95 %CI: 34.3-50.5 %; i2 = 85.4 %). Mean/median age ranged from 59.1-67.1 years in the HPV-negative group, and from 55.7-63.5 years in the HPV-positive group. There was an overall discordance between testing by p16 (49.4 %; 95 %CI, 38.2-60.5 %; i2 = 96.2 %) and p16+ISH/PCR (44.7 %; 95 %CI, 33.5-56.2 %; i2 = 96.4 %). CONCLUSION: Overall pooled prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC was approximately 45 %, with similar distribution among males and females. Double p16/HPV-DNA/RNA testing may be considered to increase specificity and prognostic accuracy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 62 cases of central odontogenic fibroma (COdF). STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from the records of 13 oral pathology laboratories. All cases were microscopically reviewed, considering the current World Health Organization classification of tumors and were classified according to histopathologic features. RESULTS: There were 43 females and 19 males (average age 33.9 years; range 8-63 years). Clinically, COdF lesions appeared as asymptomatic swellings, occurring similarly in the maxilla (n = 33) and the mandible (n = 29); 9 cases exhibited palatal depression. Imaging revealed well-defined, interradicular unilocular (n = 27), and multilocular (n = 12) radiolucencies, with displacement of contiguous teeth (55%) and root resorption (46.4%). Microscopically, classic features of epithelial-rich (n = 33), amyloid (n = 10), associated giant cell lesion (n = 7), ossifying (n = 6), epithelial-poor (n = 3), and granular cell (n = 3) variants were seen. Langerhans cells were highlighted by CD1a staining in 17 cases. Most patients underwent conservative surgical treatments, with 1 patient experiencing recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the largest clinicopathologic study of COdF. Most cases appeared as locally aggressive lesions located in tooth-bearing areas in middle-aged women. Inactive-appearing odontogenic epithelium is usually observed within a fibrous/fibromyxoid stroma, occasionally exhibiting amyloid deposits, multinucleated giant cells, or granular cells.

8.
Virchows Arch ; 477(4): 475-486, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833038

RESUMO

Since digital microscopy (DM) has become a useful alternative to conventional light microscopy (CLM), several approaches have been used to evaluate students' performance and perception. This systematic review aimed to integrate data regarding the use of DM for education in human pathology, determining whether this technology can be an adequate learning tool, and an appropriate method to evaluate students' performance. Following a specific search strategy and eligibility criteria, three electronic databases were searched and several articles were screened. Eight studies involving medical and dental students were included. The test of performance comprised diagnostic and microscopic description, clinical features, differential, and final diagnoses of the specimens. The students' achievements were equivalent, similar or higher using DM in comparison with CLM in four studies. All publications employed question surveys to assess the students' perceptions, especially regarding the easiness of equipment use, quality of images, and preference for one method. Seven studies (87.5%) indicated the students' support of DM as an appropriate method for learning. The quality assessment categorized most studies as having a low bias risk (75%). This study presents the efficacy of DM for human pathology education, although the high heterogeneity of the included articles did not permit outlining a specific method of performance evaluation.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação Médica/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Microscopia , Patologia/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Escolaridade , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 105 new cases of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) from Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, and South Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from records of 5 oral pathology laboratories, and all cases were microscopically reviewed. RESULTS: This series of cases included 36 (34.2%) from South Africa; 33 (31.4%) from Brazil; 23 (21.9%) from Mexico; and 13 (12.3%) from Guatemala. Seventy-two patients (68.5%) were females and 33 patients (31.4%) were males, with an average age of 19.2 years. The tumors predominantly affected the anterior maxilla (48.5%), followed by the anterior mandible (29.5%); posterior mandible (15.2%); and posterior maxilla (6.6%). Sixty-three tumors (63.6%) were follicular, 34 (34.3%) were extrafollicular, and 2 (2%) were peripheral. In most cases, the tumors caused considerable cortical expansion (average size 3.4 cm). Microscopically, most cases showed rosette-like and duct-like structures. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest case series of AOTs reported in the literature and the first multicenter study involving populations from Latin America and South Africa. In a fifth of the present cases, the posterior regions of the gnathic bones were affected and the tumors demonstrated larger sizes compared with cases occurring in other populations.

10.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 24(3): 363-368, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533408

RESUMO

Eruption sequestrum (ES) is a single or even multiple, small whitish calcified masses found within the soft tissue of the opercula overlying the crown of erupting permanent molars of children. We herein report a well-documented case of ES, offering a review of published cases in the English literature. An otherwise healthy 6-year-old girl was seen for routine dental examination. A fragment of hard whitish tissue was observed in the gingiva overlying the erupting lower first permanent molar, which showed radiographic appearance of a faint round radiopacity above and separated from the occlusal surface of the related tooth. The patient was submitted to an excisional biopsy, and gross examination showed a hardened whitish fragment surrounded by gingival mucosa. Microscopic examination revealed odontogenic epithelium in association with chronic inflammatory infiltrate and small blood vessels in the connective tissue. Small concentric basophilic calcifications, round osteodentin, and pulp-like structures were also observed. The microscopic evaluation of additional cases of ES may improve the understanding of this uncommon inflamed odontogenic hamartoma.


Assuntos
Hamartoma , Dente Molar , Criança , Tecido Conjuntivo , Feminino , Gengiva , Humanos , Coroa do Dente
12.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(3): e431-e438, mayo 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although new digital pathology tools have improved the positive cell quantification, there is a heterogeneity of the quantification methods in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate and propose a novel dendritic cells quantification method in squamous cell carcinoma comparing it with a conventional quantification method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six squamous cell carcinomas HIV-positive cases affecting the oropharynx, lips and oral cavity were selected. Immunohistochemistry for CD1a, CD83, and CD207 was performed. The immunohistochemical stains were evaluated by automated examination using a positive pixel count algorithm. A conventional quantification method (unspecific area method; UA) and a novel method (specific area method; SA) were performed obtaining the corresponding density of positive dendritic cells for the intratumoral and peritumoral regions. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to verify the influence of the quantification methods on the positive cell counting according to the evaluated regions. Data were subjected to the ANOVA and Student's t-test to verify the influence of the tumour location, stage, histological grade, and amount of inflammation on the dendritic cells density counting. RESULTS: The cell quantification method affected the dendritic cells counting independently of the evaluated region (P-value < 0.05). Significant differences between methods were also observed according to the tumour features evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: The positive cell quantification method influences the dendritic cells density results. Unlike the conventional method (UA method), the novel SA method avoids non-target areas included in the hotspots improving the reliability and reproducibility of the density cell quantification


No disponible

13.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) was recently proposed. Herein, we retrospectively applied this nomenclature system to salivary gland lesions sampled by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA). METHODS: All cases of salivary gland FNA with available surgical follow-up, in the period from 2014 to 2017 at our institution were reviewed and reclassified according to one of the six categories of the MSRSGC, blind to the surgical outcome. Overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated, as well as risks of neoplasm (RON) and risk of malignancy (ROM) for each of the proposed categories. RESULTS: There were 104 salivary gland lesions, with a female predominance (57.7%), most cases from the parotid gland (89.4%). Mean age was 53.2 years. Distribution of the specimens according to the Milan System was as follows: 19.2% nondiagnostic (ND), 8.7% non-neoplastic (NN), 9.6% atypia of undetermined significance (AUS), 40.4% benign neoplasm (BN), 14.4% salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (SUMP), 1.9% suspicious for malignancy (SFM), and 5.8% malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV using MSRSGC were calculated as 75%, 98.4%, 88.9%, and 95.3%, respectively. RON/ROM for each category were 60%/15% for ND, 44.4%/0% for NN, 90%/40% for AUS, 100%/9.5% for BN, 100%/13.3% for SUMP, 50%/50% for SFM and 100%/100% for malignant. CONCLUSION: The use of the Milan System proved to be a useful method to predict the risk of neoplasm and malignancy in the sample studied, with high sensitivity and specificity.

15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 14(4): 991-1000, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440751

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of four cases of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) diagnosed through oral manifestations. Clinical data were collected from charts of a single oral pathology laboratory over a 5-year period (2014-2019) and all cases were evaluated by conventional hematoxylin and eosin staining and an extended immunohistochemical panel comprising CD45, CD20, CD3, CD4, CD7, CD30, CD99, CD138, cytokeratin AE1/AE3, EMA, ALK, MUM-1 and Ki-67. The study included 3 male (75%) and 1 female (25%) patients, with a median age of 44 years. The most common intraoral affected site was the alveolar ridge (50%). Clinically, all cases were characterized as an ulcerated bleeding mass. Microscopically, proliferation of anaplastic large lymphoid cells with medium to large-sized, abundant amphophilic to eosinophilic cytoplasm and eccentric nuclei were observed. All cases were positive for CD30, while two cases strongly express ALK. Two patients died of the disease. Careful correlation of clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical data are necessary to establish the diagnosis of oral manifestation of ALCL since its microscopical features may mimic other malignant tumors. Clinicians and pathologists should consider ALCL in the differential diagnosis when evaluating oral ulcerated swellings exhibiting large lymphoid cells in patients with lymphadenopathy.

16.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335819

RESUMO

Myofibroma (MF) is a benign mesenchymal myofibroblast-derived tumor, which occurs most frequently in children, and rarely affects the maxilla. We reported a case of an aggressive intraosseous lesion found in the maxilla of a 9-year-old female child. Intraorally, the swelling extended from tooth 12 to 16, causing displacement of teeth 13, 14, and 15. Computed tomography revealed a large osteolytic lesion causing thinning and cortical erosion. Microscopically, the lesion showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells, with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in interlaced fascicles. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed cytoplasmic positivity for α-SMA and HHF-35, and negativity for desmin, laminin, S-100, ß-catenin, and CD34. Ki-67 was positive in 8% of tumor cells. The diagnosis was MF. Herein, we describe an additional case of central MF arising in the maxilla, including clinical, imaging, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, as well as a review of the literature.

17.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 134: 110033, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302884

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to integrate the available data regarding pediatric Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) of the oral cavity. A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines, through a specific search strategy. Twenty-nine publications were included in this study, resulting in a total of 144 cases. Oral BL was predominantly found in males (75.7%). The mandible was the most involved site (37.5%), and all cases clinically exhibited a swelling. Presence of EBV was observed in 33.3% of the cases, and 4 cases reported HIV-positive patients (33.3%). Chemotherapy was the leading treatment choice for oral BL (94.9%), and the overall 5-year survival was 54.3%. Regarding the quality assessment of the studies, most (19 studies; 65.5%) were classified as an overall moderate risk of bias. In conclusion, the clinicopathological characteristics of oral BL in the pediatric population comprise the sporadic and intermediate subtypes. Despite its aggressiveness, this malignancy presents a moderate overall survival.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Adolescente , Linfoma de Burkitt/mortalidade , Linfoma de Burkitt/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(1)2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155024

RESUMO

Linear verrucous epidermal nevi (LVEN) are characterized by verrucous papules often coalescing into well-demarcated skin-colored or brown plaques following the lines of Blaschko. We present two new cases of LVEN with oral mucosa involvement and briefly discuss this very rare finding. In both cases, oral biopsies showed hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, and papillomatosis. Although several treatment modalities have been reported for the cutaneous lesions, there is no consensus for the management of oral lesions so far.


Assuntos
Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Nevo Sebáceo de Jadassohn/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Biópsia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(1): e49-e55, ene. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study investigated the distribution of immature dendritic cells (DCs), Langer-hans cells and plasmacytoid DCs in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF), OSMF associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSMF-OSCC), oral leukoplakia (OL), and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen cases of OSMF, 9 of OSMF-OSCC, 8 of OL ̧ 45 of OSCC and 8 of normal epi-thelium were retrospectively retrieved and their diagnoses confirmed. Immunoreactions against CD1a, CD207 e CD303 were performed and the number of positive cells quantified. RESULTS: A significant decrease of CD1a+ was found in OSMF (p≤0.05), OSMF-OSCC (p ≤ 0.01), and OSCC (p ≤ 0.001) when compared to normal epithelium. For CD207+ the significance decrease was observed in OSMF-OSCC (p ≤ 0.05), and OSCC (p ≤ 0.01) when compared with normal epithelium, and in OSMF when compared with OL (p ≤ 0.05). There was no significant difference for CD303, but increased in CD303+ was observed in OSCC when compared with normal epithelium. CONCLUSION: The decrease in the number of CD1a+ and CD207+ cells may be associate to the development of oral OSCC, and in OPMDs they might be indicators of malignant transformation


No disponible

20.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(1): e96-e105, ene. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is widely used in contemporary head and neck cancer treatment protocols. The abil-ity of head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) to cause direct radiogenic destruction to the teeth is one of the most controversial topics in the field of oral oncology. Therefore, this systematic review aimed to investigate ionising radiation as an independent factor for physical and chemical changes on the dentine-enamel junction (DEJ), a piv-otal dental topography for the onset and progression of radiation-related caries (RRC) and enamel delamination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted on three databases: Scopus, MEDLINE (Via PubMed) and Embase (Elsevier). Laboratory studies evaluating the effects of simulated or in vivo HNRT on the DEJ were included. The GRADE tool adapted for in vitro studies was used to assess the methodological quality. RESULTS: Of the 154 initially selected studies, eight met the inclusion criteria, from which five studies were graded as high quality of evidence, two studies were graded as moderate quality and one as low quality. Two studies did not demonstrate DEJ alterations following HNRT while the other six articles described several organic and inorganic changes in the DEJ of irradiated teeth samples. These radiogenic events were mostly detected through micro and na-noindentation, Raman micro-spectroscopy, confocal microscopy, Western blotting and optical coherence tomography. CONCLUSIONS: HNRT may have a negative impact on the physical and chemical aspects of the DEJ, predisposing can-cer patients to RRC and enamel delamination


No disponible

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