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1.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132112, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523464

RESUMO

Soils functions, fertility, and microbial abundance may alter in various ways by the biochar amendments to the soil. This study revealed the way of pyrolysis temperature influences the biochar quality and its addition for improving soil properties. The SS biochar was synthesized via pyrolysis and characterized by SEM and FTIR for studying surface images and chemical functional groups. The biochar upon addition with soil was studied for physiological parameters of plants like seed germination index, root length, shoot length, biomass, metal (loid) analysis of soil, SS and SS biochar, total organic content, C: N ratio, NPK values, etc. Besides, combinations of biochar: soil {1:3 (25% + 75%), 1:1 (50% + 50%), and 3:1 (75% + 25%)} ratios were used for studying the effect of biochar on soil microbial community. The 16S rRNA metagenomic analysis revealed the dominance of phyla: Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Acidobacteria that influence the soil nutrient cycle when applied at ratio 1:3. This study highlights the valorization of SS into biochar and studied the effect of biochar augmentation with soil; its impact on soil nutrients, microbial abundance, and plant biomass enhancement. The greener approach also mitigates and helps in the sustainable management of solid wastes, thus reducing GHGs emissions and improves nutrient cycling.

2.
Environ Res ; 203: 111815, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352231

RESUMO

Due to the development in science field which gives not only benefit but also introducesundesirable pollution to the environment. This pollution is due to poor discharge activities of industrial effluents into the soil and water bodies, surface run off from fields of agricultural lands, dumping of untreated wastes by municipalities, and mining activites, which deteriorates the cardinal virtue of our environment and causes menace to human health and life. Heavy metal(s), a natural constituent on earth's crust and economic important mineral, due to its recalcitrant effects creates heavy metal pollution which affects food chain and also reduces the quality of water. For this, many researchers have performed studies to find efficient methods for wastewater remediation. One of the most promising methods from economic point of view is adsorption, which is simple in design, but leads to use of a wide range of adsorbents and ease of operations. Due to advances in nanotechnology, many nanomaterials were used as adsorbents for wastewater remediation, because of their efficiency. Many researchers have reported that nanoadsorbents are unmitigatedly a fruitful solution to address this world's problem. This review presents a potent view on various classes of nanoadsorbents and their application to wastewater treatment. It provides a bird's eye view of the suitability of different types of nanomaterials for remediation of wastewater and Backspace gives up-to-date information about polymer based and silica-based nanoadsorbents.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126059, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606921

RESUMO

Waste generation is becoming a global concern owing to its adverse effects on environment and human health. The utilization of waste as a feedstock for production of value-added products has opened new avenues contributing to environmental sustainability. Microorganisms have been employed for production of biosurfactants as secondary metabolites by utilizing waste streams. Utilization of waste as a substrate significantly reduces the cost of overall process. Biosurfactant(s) derived from these processes can be utilized in environmental and different industrial sectors. This review focuses on global market of biosurfactants followed by discussion on production of biosurfactants from waste streams such as agro-industrial waste and waste cooking oil. The need for waste stream derived circular bioeconomy and scale up of biosurfactant production have been narrated with applications of biosurfactants in environment and industrial sectors. Road blocks and future directions for research have also been discussed.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126091, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624475

RESUMO

Co-culture using microalgae-activated sludge in Sequencing Batch Photobioreactors (PBRs) was investigated for wastewater treatment performance. This study evaluated the effect of natural and artificial lighting conditons on treatment performance under consideration of energy consumption. The results found that the removal of nutrients and COD of natural lighting condition was only 10% and 13% lower than those of artificial lighting respectively. Generally, artificial lighting mode took an advantage in pollutants removal. However, standing at 0.294 kWh L-1, the total energy consumption of natural lighting was over two times less than that of artificial lighting. It reveals the natural lighting system played a dominant role for cutting energy costs significantly compared to artificial lighting one (∼57%). As a practical viewpoint on energy aspect and treatment performance, a natural lighting PBR system would be a sustainable option for microalgae-activated sludge co-culture system treating wastewater.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126125, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653623

RESUMO

This study is aimed to comprehend the treatment of non-submerged attached growth systems using bio-sponge, bio-cord, and bio-cloth media. Three reactors were set up with internal recirculation ratio of 1 (IR = 1) and similar media surface area. Bio-sponge and bio-cloth reactors showed removal of COD (79 vs. 76%) and NH4+-N (78 vs. 73%). While bio-cord treatment was deteriorated due to time-dependent process. Multiple linear regression revealed that alkalinity governed the formation degree of the anaerobic zone in bio-sponges, partially affecting nitrification. Increasing IR from 1 to 3 caused sloughing of the attached biomass and was positively correlated with effluent nitrite nitrogen concentration, indicating the sensitivity of nitrification to spatial distribution effects. In addition, bio-sponge system obtained superior performance at IR of 2 while bio-cloth one might be also an effective media for wastewater treatment if having good durability.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126126, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673193

RESUMO

Energy recovery from waste resources is a promising approach towards environmental consequences. In the prospect of environmental sustainability, utilization of agro-industrial waste residues as feedstock for biorefinery processes have gained widespread attention. In the agro-industry, various biomasses are exposed to different unit processes for offering value to various agro-industrial waste materials. Agro-industrial wastes can generate a substantial amount of valuable products such as fuels, chemicals, energy, electricity, and by-products. This paper reviews the methodologies for valorization of agro-industrial wastes and their exploitation for generation of renewable energy products. In addition, management of agro-industrial wastes and products from agro-industrial wastes have been elaborated. The waste biorefinery process using agro-industrial wastes does not only offer energy, it also offers environmentally sustainable modes, which address effective management of waste streams. This review aims to highlight the cascading use of biomass from agro-industrial wastes into the systemic approach for economic development.

7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131824, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388872

RESUMO

The efficacious application of lignocellulosic biomass for the new valuable chemicals generation curbs the excessive dependency on fossil fuels. Among the various techniques available, pyrolysis has garnered much attention for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass (encompasses cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin components) into product of solid, liquid and gases by thermal decomposition in an efficient manner. Pyrolysis conversion mechanism can be outlined as formation of char, depolymerisation, fragmentation and other secondary reactions. This paper gives a deep insight about the pyrolytic behavior of the lignocellulosic components accompanied by its by-products. Also several parameters such as reaction environment, temperature, residence time and heating rate which has a great impact on the pyrolysis process are also elucidated in a detailed manner. In addition the environmental and economical facet of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis for commercialization at industrial scale is critically analyzed. This article also illustrates the prevailing challenges and inhibition in implementing lignocellulosic biomass based pyrolysis with possible solution.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Pirólise , Biomassa , Temperatura Alta , Lignina
8.
Chemosphere ; : 132930, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800498

RESUMO

Increasing energy demands and environmental issues have stressed the importance of sustainable methods of energy production. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of the biodegradable waste, i.e., agricultural residues, organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), sewage sludge, etc., results in the production of biogas, which is a sustainable and cost feasible technique that reduces the dependence on fossil fuels and also overcomes the problems associated with biomass waste management. To solubilize the organic matter and enhance the susceptibility of hardly biodegradable fraction (i.e., lignocellulosic) for hydrolysis and increase methane production, several pretreatments, including physical, chemical, biological, and hybrid methods have been studied. However, these pretreatment methods under specific operating conditions result in the formation of recalcitrant compounds, such as sugars (xylose, Xylo-oligomers), organic acids (acetic, formic, levulinic acids), and lignin derivatives (poly and mono-phenolic compounds), causing significant inhibitory effects on anaerobic digestion. During the scaling up of these techniques from laboratory to industrial level, the focus on managing inhibitory compounds formed during pretreatment is envisaged to increase because of the need to use recalcitrant feedstocks in anaerobic digestion to increase biogas productivity. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the production mechanism of inhibitory compounds during pretreatment and work out the possible detoxification methods to improve anaerobic digestion. This paper critically reviews the earlier works based on the formation of recalcitrant compounds during feedstocks pretreatment under variable conditions, and their detrimental effects on process performance. The technologies to mitigate recalcitrant toxicity are also comprehensively discussed.

9.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126292, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748984

RESUMO

Cellulosic ethanol production has received global attention to use as transportation fuels with gasoline blending virtue of carbon benefits and decarbonization. However, due to changing feedstock composition, natural resistance, and a lack of cost-effective pretreatment and downstream processing, contemporary cellulosic ethanol biorefineries are facing major sustainability issues. As a result, we've outlined the global status of present cellulosic ethanol facilities, as well as main roadblocks and technical challenges for sustainable and commercial cellulosic ethanol production. Additionally, the article highlights the technical and non-technical barriers, various R&D advancements in biomass pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation strategies that have been deliberated for low-cost sustainable fuel ethanol. Moreover, selection of a low-cost efficient pretreatment method, process simulation, unit integration, state-of-the-art in one pot saccharification and fermentation, system microbiology/ genetic engineering for robust strain development, and comprehensive techno-economic analysis are all major bottlenecks that must be considered for long-term ethanol production in the transportation sector.

10.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126249, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732372

RESUMO

Phthalates are well-known emerging contaminants that harm human health and the environment. Therefore, this review aims to discuss about the occurrence, fate, and phthalates concentration in the various environmental matrices (e.g., aquatic, sediment, soil, and sewage sludge). Hence, it is necessary to treat sources containing phthalates before discharging them to aqueous environment. Various advanced wastewater treatments including adsorption process (e.g., biochar, activated carbon), advanced oxidation processes (e.g., photo-fenton, ozonation, photocatalysis), and biological treatment (membrane bioreactor) have been successfully to address this issue with high removal efficiencies (70-95%). Also, the degradation mechanism was discussed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the phthalate removal for the reader. Additionally, key factors that influenced the phthalates removal efficiency of these technologies were identified and summarized with a view towards pilot-scale and industrial applications.

11.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738864

RESUMO

Sustainable provision of chemicals and materials is undoubtedly a defining factor in guaranteeing economic, environmental and social stability of future societies. Among the most sought-after chemical building blocks are volatile fatty acids (VFAs). VFAs such as acetic, propionic and butyric acids have numerous industrial applications supporting from food and pharmaceuticals industries to wastewater treatment. The fact that VFAs can be produced synthetically from petrochemical derivatives and also through biological routes for example anaerobic digestion of organic mixed waste, highlights their provision flexibility and sustainability. In this regard, this review presents a detailed overview of the applications associated with petrochemically and biologically generated VFAs, individually or in mixture, in industrial and laboratory scale, conventional and novel applications.

12.
Chemosphere ; : 132589, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678344

RESUMO

Photosynthetic microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) with microalgae have huge potential for treating wastewater while simultaneously converting light energy into electrical energy. The efficiency of such cells directly depends on algal growth, which depends on light intensity. Higher light intensity results in increased potential as well as enhancement in generation of biomass rich in biopolymers. Such biopolymers are produced either by microbes at anode and algae at cathode or vice versa. The biopolymers recovered from these biological sources can be added in wastewater alone or in combination with nanomaterials to act as nanoadsorbents. These nanoadsorbents further increase the efficiency of PMFC by removing the pollutants like metals and dyes. In this review firstly the effect of different light intensities on the growth of microalgae, importance of diatoms in a PMFC and their impact on PMFCs efficiencies have been narrated. Secondly recovery of biopolymers from different biological sources and their role in removal of metals, dyes along with their impact on circular bioeconomy have been discussed. Thereafter bottlenecks and future perspectives in this field of research have been narrated.

13.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709977

RESUMO

Microalgae have been recognized as one of the most efficient microorganisms to remediate industrial effluents. Among microalgae diatoms are silica shelled unicellular eukaryotes, found in all types of water bodies and flourish very well even in wastewater. They have their silica cell wall made up of nano arrayed pores arranged in a similar fashion. Therefore, they act as smart nanocontainers to adsorb various trace metals, dyes, polymers and drugs which are hazardous to human as well to aquatic life. The beautiful nanoarchitecture in diatoms allows them to easily bind to ligands of choice to form a nanocomposite structure with the pollutants. Such naturally available nanomaterials are economical and highly sensitive compared to manmade artificial silica nanotubes to easily remove the toxic pollutants from wastewater. This review is focused on employing diatom microalgae to remediate various pollutants such as heavy metals, dyes, hydrocarbons detected in the wastewater. It also includes different microalgae as biosensors for determination of pollutants in effluents and the perspectives for nanotechnological applications in the field of remediating pollutants through microalgae. The review also discusses in length the hurdles and perspectives of employing microalgae in wastewater remediation.

14.
Chemosphere ; : 132553, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653493

RESUMO

Waste activated sludge (biosolids) treatment is intensely a major problem around the globe. Anaerobic treatment is indeed a fundamental and most popular approach to convert organic wastes into bioenergy, which could be used as a carbon-neutral renewable and clean energy thus eradicating pathogens and eliminating odor. Due to the sheer intricate biosolid matrix (such as exopolymeric substances) and rigid cell structure, hydrolysis becomes a rate-limiting phase. Numerous different pretreatment strategies were proposed to hasten this rate-limiting hydrolysis and enhance the productivity of anaerobic digestion. This study discusses an overview of previous scientific advances in pretreatment options for enhancing biogas production. In addition, the limitations addressed along with the effects of inhibitors in biosolids towards biogas production and strategies to overcome discussed. This review elaborated the cost analysis of various pretreatment methods towards the scale-up process. This review abridges the existing research on augmenting AD efficacy by recognizing the associated knowledge gaps and suggesting future research.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126183, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710612

RESUMO

The first experimental study on the influence of acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) degrading quorum quenching (QQ) consortium on the dynamics of biofilm bio-communities (i.e., from suspended biomass to initial biofilm and mature biofilm) in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) at a microscopic scale (denoted as QQAnMBR) was reported. QQ did not change the overall bacterial community of the suspended biomass, inclusive of the key functional bacteria. Moreover, the retarded initial biofilm formation was attributed to not only the lower extracellular polymeric substance content of suspended biomass, but also the decelerated colonization of the AHL-regulated low-abundance in suspended biomass but pioneering keystone taxa Rhodocyclaceae;g- on membrane surface. However, pioneering fouling-related taxa such as Sulfurovum and Rhodocyclaceae;g- still played paramount roles in the delayed initial biofilm formation in the QQAnMBR. Furthermore, the microbial assemblies of the mature biofilm were changed in the QQAnMBR, probably attributable to the abiotic microbial floc attachment.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt A): 126170, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678455

RESUMO

Fucoxanthin, a brown-colored pigment from algae, is gaining much attention from industries and researchers recently due to its numerous potential health benefits, including anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-obesity functions, and so on. Although current commercial production is mainly from brown macroalgae, microalgae with rapid growth rate and much higher fucoxanthin content demonstrated higher potential as the fucoxanthin producer. Factors such as concentration of nitrogen, iron, silicate as well as light intensity and wavelength play a significant role in fucoxanthin biosynthesis from microalgae. Two-stage cultivation approaches have been proposed to maximize the production of fucoxanthin and other valuable metabolites. Sustainable fucoxanthin production can be achieved by using low-cost substrates as a culture medium in an open pond cultivation system utilizing seawater with nutrient recycling. For downstream processing, the integration of novel "green" solvents with other extraction techniques emerged as a promising extraction technique.

17.
Bioresour Technol ; 342: 125982, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592615

RESUMO

Rapid population growth, combined with increased industrialization, has exacerbated the issue of solid waste management. Poor management of municipal solid waste (MSW) not only has detrimental environmental consequences but also puts public health at risk and introduces several other socioeconomic problems. Many developing countries are grappling with the problem of safe disposing of large amounts of produced municipal solid waste. Unmanaged municipal solid waste pollutes the environment, so its use as a potential renewable energy source would aid in meeting both increased energy needs and waste management. This review investigates emerging strategies and monitoring tools for municipal solid waste management. Waste monitoring using high-end technologies and energy recovery from MSW has been discussed. It comprehensively covers environmental and economic relevance of waste management technologies based on innovations achieved through the integration of approaches.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125810, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467891

RESUMO

The present investigation is proposed to assess the competency of Sodium Persulphate (SPS) induced enzyme secreting bacterial pretreatment in enhancing the generation of biohydrogen from waste activated sludge (WAS). Alkali activated SPS of dosage 0.015 g/g SS has been opted to disseminate the floc structure to fortify the release of Extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) into aqueous phase. This removal of EPS enhances the bacterial disintegration fostering 18.71% of suspended solids reduction and 21% of COD solubilization which was comparatively higher than bacterially pretreated (BP) and control (C) sludge. Biohydrogen production of control (C), bacterially pretreated (BP) and SPS mediated bacterially pretreated (SPS-BP) sludge were found to be 32.2 mLH2/g COD, 48.3 mLH2/g COD and 103.8 mLH2/g COD respectively. The net energy production of SPS - BP is 0.01 kWh which is higher than the C and BP sample during the entire treatment and obtained energy ratio greater than 1.


Assuntos
Álcalis , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Bactérias , Hidrogênio , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
19.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125673, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493419

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to study the reduction of pollution load in the textile industry effluent by lipase producing Nocardiopsis alba. Nocardiopsis alba was isolated from the soap-stock of an oil refinery located in North Gujarat, India. Lipase 2 (EC 3.1.1.3) protein sequence was identified from Nocardiopsis alba and the 3D model was predicted by SWISS Modeling. Lipolytic Nocardiopsis alba showed 84 ± 0.3 %, 75 ± 0.4 %, and 81 ± 0.3 % reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demand, Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Total Solids, respectively when was grown in textile industrial wastewater at 37 ± 1 °C, 120 rpm for 15 days. The findings of this research offer potential environmental benefits along with socio-economic benefits as well if implemented suitably.


Assuntos
Indústria Têxtil , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Lipase , Nocardiopsis , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125871, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523563

RESUMO

High concentration of NH4+-N in food waste digestate (FWD) produced from biological treatment of food waste is considered as a major threat on the composting process resulting in production of immature compost. Hence, a laboratory batch composting study was conducted to examine the feasibility of using biochar as a physical additive to ameliorate the inhibitory effect of NH4+-N and to mitigate the nitrogen loss during FWD composting. FWD was co-composted with tobacco biochar at a dosage of 0%, 2.5%, 5% or 10% (dw) in bench-scale composters with a controlled aeration system. The addition of 10% biochar enhanced the degradation rate resulting in 44% higher carbon decomposition than the control. Besides, 10% biochar amendment reduced NH3 and N loss by 58% and 5%, respectively and significantly reduced NH4+-N content to HKORC limit of < 700 mg/kg dw within 5 days showing the beneficiary impact of biochar addition.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Compostagem , Eliminação de Resíduos , Carvão Vegetal , Alimentos Fortificados , Cinética , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo
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