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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(5): 565-572, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038991

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to compare patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) and conventional surgical instrumentation (CSI) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in terms of early implant migration, alignment, surgical resources, patient outcomes, and costs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial of 50 patients undergoing TKA. There were 25 patients in each of the PSI and CSI groups. There were 12 male patients in the PSI group and seven male patients in the CSI group. The patients had a mean age of 69.0 years (sd 8.4) in the PSI group and 69.4 years (sd 8.4) in the CSI group. All patients received the same TKA implant. Intraoperative surgical resources and any surgical waste generated were recorded. Patients underwent radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies to measure femoral and tibial component migration over two years. Outcome measures were recorded pre- and postoperatively. Overall costs were calculated for each group. RESULTS: There were no differences (p > 0.05) in any measurement of migration at two years for either the tibial or femoral components. Movement between one and two years was < 0.2 mm, indicating stable fixation. There were no differences in coronal or sagittal alignment between the two groups. The PSI group took a mean 6.1 minutes longer (p = 0.04) and used a mean 3.4 less trays (p < 0.0001). Total waste generated was similar (10 kg) between the two groups. The PSI group cost a mean CAD$1787 more per case (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: RSA criteria suggest that both groups will have revision rates of approximately 3% at five years. The advantages of PSI were minimal or absent for surgical resources used and waste eliminated, and for meeting target alignment, yet had significantly greater costs. Therefore, we conclude that PSI may not offer any advantage over CSI for routine primary TKA cases. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:565-572.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Canadá , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Bone Joint J ; 97-B(12): 1640-4, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26637678

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) for post-operative stiffness with a matched cohort of TKA patients who did not requre MUA. In total 72 patients (mean age 59.8 years, 42 to 83) who underwent MUA following TKA were identified from our prospective database and compared with a matched cohort of patients who had undergone TKA without subsequent MUA. Patients were evaluated for range of movement (ROM) and clinical outcome scores (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, Short-Form Health Survey, and Knee Society Clinical Rating System) at a mean follow-up of 36.4 months (12 to 120). MUA took place at a mean of nine weeks (5 to 18) after TKA. In patients who required MUA, mean flexion deformity improved from 10° (0° to 25°) to 4.4° (0° to 15°) (p < 0.001), and mean range of flexion improved from 79.8° (65° to 95°) to 116° (80° to 130°) (p < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in ROM or functional outcome scores at three months, one year, or two years between those who required MUA and those who did not. There were no complications associated with manipulation. At most recent follow-up, patients requiring MUA achieved equivalent ROM and clinical outcome scores when compared with a matched control group. While other studies have focused on ROM after manipulation, the current study adds to current literature by supplementing this with functional outcome scores.


Assuntos
Anestésicos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Manipulação Ortopédica/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Bone Joint Surg Br ; 94(11 Suppl A): 100-2, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23118394

RESUMO

Obesity is an epidemic across both the developed and developing nations that is possibly the most important current public health factor affecting the morbidity and mortality of the global population. Obese patients have the potential to pose several challenges for arthroplasty surgeons from the standpoint of the influence obesity has on osteoarthritic symptoms, their peri-operative medical management, the increased intra-operative technical demands on the surgeon, the intra- and post-operative complications, the long term outcomes of total hip and knee arthroplasty. Also, there is no consensus on the role the arthroplasty surgeon should have in facilitating weight loss for these patients, nor whether obesity should affect the access to arthroplasty procedures.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Obesidade/complicações , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Assistência Perioperatória , Papel do Médico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Orthop Trauma ; 19(9): 610-5, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16247305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: : This study was designed to test in a laboratory setting a novel computer-assisted fluoroscopic technique and a conventional fluoroscopic technique for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of hip fractures. Our hypothesis is that a novel computer-assisted fluoroscopic technique will achieve acceptable guidewire placement in one pass, with decreased fluoroscopic time and with accuracy and precision better than conventional technique. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trials. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty, Sawbone, femur phantoms. INTERVENTION: Dynamic hip screw guidewires were inserted into 15 femur phantoms under fluoroscopic guidance by using computer-assisted fluoroscopic ORIF technique, and 15 femurs were inserted by using a conventional fluoroscopic-assisted ORIF technique. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Ideal guidewire placement was defined as the center of the femoral head, 5 mm from the apical bone edge on anteroposterior and lateral views. Accuracy was measured as distance to ideal placement, and the number of passes and fluoroscopic time were noted for each trial. RESULTS: The computer-assisted technique achieved an average guidewire placement that was as accurate as the conventional technique in fewer passes, 1.1 +/- 0.2 (mean +/- standard deviation) compared with 2.4 +/- 1.1 (P < 0.0001), respectively, and with fewer fluoroscopic images, 2 +/- 0 compared with 13.5 +/- 3 (P < 0.0002), respectively. Guidewire placement in both groups was within the tip-apex distance defined by Baumgaertner et al. CONCLUSIONS: The computer-assisted technique was significantly more accurate and precise than conventional technique. It also required fewer drill tracks through the femur and exposed the patient and the surgical team to significantly less ionizing radiation.


Assuntos
Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Interface Usuário-Computador
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