Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 563-578, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858796

RESUMO

The syntheses, structure and magnetic properties are reported for five novel 1D polymeric azido-bridged lanthanide complexes with the general formula {[Ln(DAPMBH)(N3)C2H5OH]C2H5OH}n where H2DAPMBH = 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(4-methoxybenzoylhydrazone)-a new pentadentate pyridine-base [N3O2] ligand and Ln = Dy (1), Y0.930Dy0.070 (2), Er (3), Y0.923Er0.077 (4), and Gd (5). X-ray diffraction analysis of 1-5 show that the central lanthanide atoms are eight-coordinated with the N5O3 donor set originating from the ligand DAPMBH, one coordinated ethanol molecule and two end-to-end type N3- bridges connecting the metal centers into infinite chain. The [LnN5O3] coordination polyhedron can be regarded as a distorted dodecahedron (D2d). AC magnetic measurements revealed that compounds 1-4 show field-induced single-molecule magnet behavior, with estimated energy barriers Ueff ≈ 47-17 K. The experimental study of magnetic properties was complemented by theoretical analysis based on crystal-field calculations. Direct current magnetic susceptibility studies revealed marginally weak intrachain exchange interaction between Ln3+ ions mediated by the end-to-end azide bridging groups (J ≈ -0.015 cm-1 for 5). Comparative analysis of static and dynamic magnetic properties of magnetically concentrated (1, 3) and diluted (2, 4) Dy and Er compounds showed that, despite fascinating 1D azido-bridged chain structure, compounds 1 and 3 are not single-chain magnets; their magnetic behavior is largely due to single-ion magnetic anisotropy of individual Ln3+ ions.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 48(45): 17070-17077, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701973

RESUMO

Antiferromagnetic PbMnTeO6, also known as mineral kuranakhite, has been reported recently to have all three cations in trigonal prismatic coordination, which is extremely unusual for both Mn(4+) and Te(6+). In this work, the phase was reproduced with the same lattice parameters and Néel temperature TN = 20 K. However, powder neutron diffraction unambiguously determined octahedral (trigonal antiprismatic) coordination for all cations within the chiral space group P312. The same symmetry was proposed for SrMnTeO6 and PbGeTeO6, instead of the reported space groups P6[combining macron]2m and P31m, respectively. PbMnTeO6 was found to be a robust antiferromagnet with an assumingly substantial scale of exchange interactions since the Néel temperature did not show any changes in external magnetic fields up to 7 T. The determined effective magnetic moment µeff = 3.78µB was in excellent agreement with the numerical estimation using the effective g-factor g = 1.95 directly measured here by electron spin resonance (ESR). Both specific heat and ESR data indicated the two-dimensional character of magnetism in the compound under study. The combination of chirality with magnetic order makes PbMnTeO6 a promising material with possible multiferroic properties.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 48(25): 9328-9336, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166344

RESUMO

The iron(iii) complex [Fe(Hsemsal)(semsal)]·3H2O (1) (H2semsal - salicylaldehyde semicarbazone) has been synthesized and characterized by powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Crystal structure analysis showed that the complex forms neat stacks stabilized by hydrogen-bonding through water molecules and π-π interactions between phenolate rings of ligands. The complex does not exhibit spin-crossover phenomena and remains in the high-spin state down to 2 K. DFT calculations were performed for a series of neutral Fe(iii) complexes, and the influence of the N2S2O2, N2Se2O2 and N2O4 coordination environment on the spin transition in these complexes was traced. The effect of substituents in the benzene ring of salicylaldehyde on the stabilization of the HS or LS states in complexes of this type was analyzed.

4.
Chemistry ; 25(43): 10204-10213, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144786

RESUMO

We present herein the synthesis, crystal structure, and electric and magnetic properties of the spin-crossover salt [Mn(5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]TCNQ1.5 ⋅2 CH3 CN (I), where 5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12=N,N'-bis(3-(2-oxy-5-chlorobenzylideneamino)propyl)-ethylenediamine, containing distinct conductive and magnetic blocks along with acetonitrile solvent molecules. The MnIII complex with a Schiff-base ligand, [Mn(5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]+ , acts as the magnetic unit, and the π-electron acceptor 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ- ) is the conducting unit. The title compound (I) exhibits semiconducting behavior with room temperature conductivity σRT ≈1×10-4  ohm-1 cm-1 and activation energy Δ ≈0.20 eV. In the temperature range 73-123 K, it experiences a hysteretic phase transition accompanied by a crossover between the low-spin S=1 and high-spin S=2 states of MnIII and changes in bond lengths within the MnN4 O2 octahedra. The pronounced shrinkage of the basal Mn-N bonds in I at the spin crossover suggests that the d x 2 - y 2 orbital is occupied/deoccupied in this transition. Interestingly, the bromo isomorphic counterpart [Mn(5-Br-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]TCNQ1.5 ⋅2 CH3 CN (II) of the title compound evidences no spin-crossover phenomena and remains in the high-spin state in the temperature range 2-300 K. Comparison of the chloro and bromo compounds allows the thermal and spin-crossover contributions to the overall variation in bond lengths to be distinguished. The difference in magnetic behavior of these two salts has been ascribed to intermolecular supramolecular effects on the spin transition. Discrete hydrogen bonding exists between cations and cations and anions in both compounds. However, the hydrogen bonding in the crystals of II is much stronger than in I. The relatively close packing arrangement of the [Mn(5-Br-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]+ cations probably precludes their spin transformation.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 48(20): 6960-6970, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041973

RESUMO

A coordination compound with the composition [CoLCl2]·H2O (L = bis-condensation product of diacetyl and 2-hydrazinyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine) was synthesized, in which the Co(ii) ion was hexacoordinated. Under applied DC fields, this compound exhibited single-ion magnet behavior. Two relaxation processes were observed when increasing the applied magnetic field from 1000 to 3200 Oe. The first relaxation (high-frequency) was observed both at 1000 Oe and 3200 Oe, while the second relaxation was only registered under a field of 3200 Oe at low frequencies (<1 Hz) and low temperatures (<5 K). Modeling of the magnetic DC properties using the Griffith Hamiltonian accompanied by quantum chemical calculations revealed easy-axis-type magnetic anisotropy with weak rhombic contributions.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(9): 5524-5532, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995026

RESUMO

We report the first four magnetic representatives of the trigonal layered A2M(4+)TeO6 (here, M = Mn) family. Na2MnTeO6 was synthesized from NaMnO2, NaNO3, and TeO2 at 650-720 °C, but analogues for which A = Li and K could not be obtained by direct synthesis. However, those for which A = Li, Ag, and Tl (but not K) were prepared by exchange reactions between Na2MnTeO6 and the corresponding molten nitrates. The oxygen content was verified by redox titration. According to the X-ray diffraction Rietveld analysis, the four new compounds are isostructural with Na2GeTeO6, trigonal ( P3̅1 c), based on ilmenite-like layers of edge-shared oxygen octahedra occupied by Mn(4+) and Te(6+) in an ordered manner. These layers are separated by cations A, also in a distorted octahedral coordination. However, off-center displacement of Tl+ is so strong, due to the lone-pair effect, that its coordination is better described as trigonal pyramid. Each MnO6 octahedron shares two opposite faces with AO6 octahedra, whereas TeO6 octahedra avoid sharing faces. Besides this double-layered structure, Na2MnTeO6 was often accompanied by a transient triple-layered rhombohedral polytype. However, it could not be prepared as a single phase and disappeared on annealing at 700-720 °C. All A2MnTeO6 samples (A = Ag, Li, Na, or Tl) revealed the unusual phenomenon of hidden magnetic order. Low-field magnetic susceptibility data exhibit a Curie-Weiss type behavior for all samples under study and do not show any sign of the establishment of long-range magnetic order down to 2 K. In contrast, both the magnetic susceptibility in sufficiently high external magnetic fields and the zero-field specific heat unambiguously revealed an onset of antiferromagnetic order at low temperatures. The frustration index f = Θ/ TN takes values larger than the classical values for three-dimensional antiferromagnets and implies moderate frustration on the triangular lattice.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 58(1): 610-621, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565920

RESUMO

Two new sodium nickel phosphates, Na5Ni2(PO4)3·H2O (I) and Na6Ni2(PO4)3OH (II), have been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized by synchrotron X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, low-temperature thermodynamic and magnetic measurements, and ab initio calculations. Unlike the majority of Ni2+ compounds, I and II show predominant ferromagnetic exchange couplings. I crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/ n ( a = 14.0395(4) Å, b = 5.1847(14) Å, c = 16.4739(4) Å, ß = 110.4186(14)°) and features chains of ferromagnetically coupled Ni2+ ions. In II with the orthorhombic space group Pcmb ( a = 7.5007(15) Å, b = 21.4661(4) Å, c = 7.1732(15) Å), the ferromagnetically coupled Ni2+ ions form dimers arranged on a spin ladder. Both compounds represent rare examples of quasi-one-dimensional ferromagnets. Structural features behind this unusual magnetic behavior are discussed.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 57(5): 2386-2389, 2018 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29465234

RESUMO

We report the first highly conducting single-molecule magnet, (BEDO)4[ReF6]·6H2O [1; BEDO = bis(ethylenedioxo)tetrathiafulvalene], whose conductivity and single-molecule magnetism coexist in the same temperature range. The compound was synthesized by BEDO electrocrystallization in the presence of (Ph4P)2[ReF6]·2H2O and characterized by crystallography and measurements of the conductivity and alternating-current magnetic susceptibility.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 56(22): 14023-14039, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29087200

RESUMO

Four new manganese germanates and silicates, A2MnGeO4 (A = Li, Na) and A2MnSiO4 (A = Na, Ag), were prepared, and their crystal structures were determined using the X-ray Rietveld method. All of them contain all components in tetrahedral coordination. Li2MnGeO4 is orthorhombic (Pmn21) layered, isostructural with Li2CdGeO4, and the three other compounds are monoclinic (Pn) cristobalite-related frameworks. As in other stuffed cristobalites of various symmetry (Pn A2MXO4, Pna21 and Pbca AMO2), average bond angles on bridging oxygens (here, Mn-O-X) increase with increasing A/X and/or A/M radius ratios, indicating the trend to the ideal cubic (Fd3̅m) structure typified by CsAlO2. The sublattices of the magnetic Mn2+ ions in both structure types under study (Pmn21 and Pn) are essentially the same; namely, they are pseudocubic eutaxy with 12 nearest neighbors. The magnetic properties of the four new phases plus Li2MnSiO4 were characterized by carrying out magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, magnetization, and electron spin resonance measurements and also by performing energy-mapping analysis to evaluate their spin exchange constants. Ag2MnSiO4 remains paramagnetic down to 2 K, but A2MnXO4 (A = Li, Na; X = Si, Ge) undergo a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic ordering. All five phases exhibit short-range AFM ordering correlations, hence showing them to be low-dimensional magnets and a magnetic field induced spin-reorientation transition at T < TN for all AFM phases. We constructed the magnetic phase diagrams for A2MnXO4 (A = Li, Na; X = Si, Ge) on the basis of the thermodynamic data in magnetic fields up to 9 T. The magnetic properties of all five phases experimentally determined are well explained by their spin exchange constants evaluated by performing energy-mapping analysis.

10.
Neural Plast ; 2017: 9202584, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770114

RESUMO

This study provides further insight into the molecular mechanisms that control neurotransmitter release. Experiments were performed on larval neuromuscular junctions of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster lines with different levels of human amyloid precursor protein (APP) production. To express human genes in motor neurons of Drosophila, the UAS-GAL4 system was used. Human APP gene expression increased the number of synaptic boutons per neuromuscular junction. The total number of active zones, detected by Bruchpilot protein puncta distribution, remained unchanged; however, the average number of active zones per bouton decreased. These disturbances were accompanied by a decrease in frequency of miniature excitatory junction potentials without alteration in random nature of spontaneous quantal release. Similar structural and functional changes were observed with co-overexpression of human APP and ß-secretase genes. In Drosophila line with expression of human amyloid-ß42 peptide itself, parameters analyzed did not differ from controls, suggesting the specificity of APP effects. These results confirm the involvement of APP in synaptogenesis and provide evidence to suggest that human APP overexpression specifically disturbs the structural and functional organization of active zone and results in altered Bruchpilot distribution and lowered probability of spontaneous neurotransmitter release.


Assuntos
Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Junção Neuromuscular/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Terminações Pré-Sinápticas/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster , Expressão Gênica , Humanos
11.
Chemphyschem ; 18(18): 2482-2486, 2017 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28726353

RESUMO

The copper salt of trifluoroacetic acid, Cu(CF3 COO)2 , offers a new platform to investigate the quantum ground states of low-dimensional magnets. In practice, it realizes the ideal case of a solid hosting essentially isolated magnetic monolayers. These entities are constituted by well-separated two-leg half-integer spin ladders organized in a zigzag fashion. The ladders are comprised of dimeric units of edge-sharing tetragonal pyramids coupled through carbon ions. The spin-gap state in this compound was revealed by static and dynamic magnetic measurements. No indications of long range magnetic ordering down to liquid helium temperature were obtained in specific heat measurements. First principles calculations allow estimation of the main exchange interaction parameters, J⊥ =176 K and J∥ =12 K, consistent with the weakly interacting dimers model.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 46(26): 8680-8686, 2017 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28650503

RESUMO

The manganese end member of triplite-triploidite series of compounds, Mn2(PO4)OH, is synthesized by a hydrothermal method. Its crystal structure is refined in the space group P21/c with a = 12.411(1) Å, b = 13.323(1) Å, c = 10.014(1) Å, ß = 108.16(1), V = 1573.3 Å3, Z = 8, and R = 0.0375. Evidenced in measurements of magnetization M and specific heat Cp, Mn2(PO4)OH reaches a long range antiferromagnetic order at TN = 4.6 K. As opposed to both triplite Mn2(PO4)F and triploidite-type Co2(PO4)F, the title compound is magnetically frustrated being characterized by the ratio of Curie-Weiss temperature Θ to Néel temperature TN of about 20. The large value of frustration strength |Θ|/TN stems from the twisted saw tooth chain geometry of corner sharing triangles of Mn polyhedra, which may be isolated within tubular fragments of a triploidite crystal structure.

13.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 312(5): C627-C637, 2017 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28274922

RESUMO

Marked loss of skeletal muscle mass occurs under various conditions of disuse, but the molecular and cellular mechanisms leading to atrophy are not completely understood. We investigate early molecular events that might play a role in skeletal muscle remodeling during mechanical unloading (disuse). The effects of acute (6-12 h) hindlimb suspension on the soleus muscles from adult rats were examined. The integrity of plasma membrane lipid rafts was tested utilizing cholera toxin B subunit or fluorescent sterols. In addition, resting intracellular Ca2+ level was analyzed. Acute disuse disturbed the plasma membrane lipid-ordered phase throughout the sarcolemma and was more pronounced in junctional membrane regions. Ouabain (1 µM), which specifically inhibits the Na-K-ATPase α2 isozyme in rodent skeletal muscles, produced similar lipid raft changes in control muscles but was ineffective in suspended muscles, which showed an initial loss of α2 Na-K-ATPase activity. Lipid rafts were able to recover with cholesterol supplementation, suggesting that disturbance results from cholesterol loss. Repetitive nerve stimulation also restores lipid rafts, specifically in the junctional sarcolemma region. Disuse locally lowered the resting intracellular Ca2+ concentration only near the neuromuscular junction of muscle fibers. Our results provide evidence to suggest that the ordering of lipid rafts strongly depends on motor nerve input and may involve interactions with the α2 Na-K-ATPase. Lipid raft disturbance, accompanied by intracellular Ca2+ dysregulation, is among the earliest remodeling events induced by skeletal muscle disuse.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Microdomínios da Membrana/metabolismo , Microdomínios da Membrana/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Musculares Atróficos/fisiopatologia , Animais , Sinalização do Cálcio , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Transtornos Musculares Atróficos/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
14.
Dalton Trans ; 46(9): 2957-2965, 2017 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197612

RESUMO

The novel borophosphate Rb2.3(H2O)0.8Mn3[B4P6O24(O,OH)2] was prepared under hydrothermal conditions at 553 K. Its crystal structure was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data obtained from a non-merohedral twin and refined against F2 to R = 0.057. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn, with unit-cell parameters a = 20.076(2) Å, b = 9.151(1) Å, c = 12.257(1) Å, V = 2251.8(2) Å3, and Z = 4. The title compound is the first example of a borophosphate with manganese ions adopting both octahedral and tetrahedral coordinations. Its unique crystal structure is formed by borophosphate slabs and chains of Mn2+-centered polyhedra sharing edges and vertices. These 2D and 1D fragments interconnect into a framework with open channels that accommodate Rb+ cations and water molecules. Topological relationships between borophosphates built from three-membered rings of two borate and one phosphate tetrahedra sharing oxygen vertices, amended by additional PO4 and HPO4 tetrahedra, are discussed. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of Rb2.3(H2O)0.8Mn3[B4P6O24(O,OH)2] reveals predominant antiferromagnetic exchange interactions and the high-temperature effective magnetic moment corresponding to the high-spin S = 5/2 state of Mn2+ ions. At 12.5 K, a magnetic transition is evidenced by ac-susceptibility and specific heat measurements. A spin-trimer model with the leading exchange interaction J ∼ 3.2 K is derived from density-functional band-structure calculations and accounts for all experimental observations.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 56(2): 931-942, 2017 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28009509

RESUMO

The Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 materials are built of (001)p plane-parallel perovskite blocks with a thickness of n (Ti,Fe)O6 octahedra, separated by periodic translational interfaces. The interfaces are based on anatase-like chains of edge-sharing (Ti,Fe)O6 octahedra. Together with the octahedra of the perovskite blocks, they create S-shaped tunnels stabilized by lone pair Bi3+ cations. In this work, the structure of the n = 4-6 Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 homologues is analyzed in detail using advanced transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The connectivity of the anatase-like chains to the perovskite blocks results in a 3ap periodicity along the interfaces, so that they can be located either on top of each other or with shifts of ±ap along [100]p. The ordered arrangement of the interfaces gives rise to orthorhombic Immm and monoclinic A2/m polymorphs with the unit cell parameters a = 3ap, b = bp, c = 2(n + 1)cp and a = 3ap, b = bp, c = 2(n + 1)cp - ap, respectively. While the n = 3 compound is orthorhombic, the monoclinic modification is more favorable in higher homologues. The Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 structures demonstrate intricate patterns of atomic displacements in the perovskite blocks, which are supported by the stereochemical activity of the Bi3+ cations. These patterns are coupled to the cationic coordination of the oxygen atoms in the (Ti,Fe)O2 layers at the border of the perovskite blocks. The coupling is strong in the n = 3, 4 homologues, but gradually reduces with the increasing thickness of the perovskite blocks, so that, in the n = 6 compound, the dominant mode of atomic displacements is aligned along the interface planes. The displacements in the adjacent perovskite blocks tend to order antiparallel, resulting in an overall antipolar structure. The Bi3n+1Ti7Fe3n-3O9n+11 materials demonstrate an unusual diversity of structure defects. The n = 4-6 homologues are robust antiferromagnets below TN = 135, 220, and 295 K, respectively. They show a high dielectric constant that weakly increases with temperature and is relatively insensitive to the Ti/Fe ratio.

16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 151: 249-254, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28024201

RESUMO

Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with immobilized silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by methods of wet chemistry and were characterized by using the transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, optical spectroscopy and experiments with E. coli bacteria in-vitro. It was found that Ag NPs with almost perfect crystalline structure and sizes from ∼9nm were mainly attached over the external surface of HNTs. The optical absorption measurement revealed a broad plasmonic resonance in the region of 400-600nm for HNTs with Ag NPs. The later samples exhibit bactericidal effect, which is more pronounced under illumination. A role of the plasmonic excitation of Ag NPs for their bioactive properties is discussed. The obtained results show that Ag NPs-decorated HNTs are promising agents for the antibacterial treatment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanotubos/química , Prata/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Argila , Luz , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanocompostos/química , Óptica e Fotônica , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
17.
Inorg Chem ; 55(20): 10692-10700, 2016 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27661209

RESUMO

The manganese orthophosphate, Mn3(PO4)2, is characterized by the rich variety of polymorphous modifications, α-, ß'-, and γ-phases, crystallized in monoclinic P21/c (P21/n) space group type with unit cell volume ratios of 2:6:1. The crystal structures of these phases are constituted by three-dimensional framework of corner- and edge-sharing [MnO5] and [MnO6] polyhedra strengthened by [PO4] tetrahedra. All compounds experience long-range antiferromagnetic order at Neel temperature TN = 21.9 K (α-phase), 12.3 K (ß'-phase), and 13.3 K (γ-phase). Additionally, second magnetic phase transition takes place at T* = 10.3 K in ß'-phase. The magnetization curves of α- and ß'-modifications evidence spin-floplike features at B = 1.9 and 3.7 T, while the γ-Mn3(PO4)2 stands out for an extended one-third magnetization plateau stabilized in the range of magnetic field B = 7.5-23.5 T. The first-principles calculations define the main paths of superexchange interaction between Mn spins in these polymorphs. The spin model for α-phase is found to be characterized by collection of uniform and alternating chains, which are coupled in all three directions. The strongest magnetic exchange interaction in γ-phase emphasizes the trimer units, which make chains that are in turn weakly coupled to each other. The spin model of ß'-phase turns out to be more complex compared to α- or γ-phase. It shows complex chain structures involving exchange interactions between Mn2 (Mn2', Mn2″) and Mn3 (Mn3', Mn3″). These chains interact through exchanges involving Mn1 (Mn1', Mn1″) spins.

18.
Sci Rep ; 6: 25624, 2016 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27167718

RESUMO

The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of tetragonal Fe1+δSe was enhanced from 8.5 K to 44 K by chemical structure modification. While insertion of large alkaline cations like K or solvated lithium and iron cations in the interlayer space, the [Fe2Se2] interlayer separation increases significantly from 5.5 Šin native Fe1+δSe to >7 Šin KxFe1-ySe and to >9 Šin Li1-xFex(OH)Fe1-ySe, we report on an electrochemical route to modify the superconducting properties of Fe1+δSe. In contrast to conventional chemical (solution) techniques, the electrochemical approach allows to insert non-solvated Li(+) into the Fe1+δSe structure which preserves the native arrangement of [Fe2Se2] layers and their small separation. The amount of intercalated lithium is extremely small (about 0.07 Li(+) per f.u.), however, its incorporation results in the enhancement of Tc up to ∼44 K. The quantum-mechanical calculations show that Li occupies the octahedrally coordinated position, while the [Fe2Se2] layers remain basically unmodified. The obtained enhancement of the electronic density of states at the Fermi level clearly exceeds the effect expected on basis of rigid band behavior.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 55(5): 2558-64, 2016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26881826

RESUMO

A novel iron fluorophosphite, NaFe3(HPO3)2((H,F)PO2OH)6, was synthesized by a dry low-temperature synthesis route. The phase was shown to be electrochemically active for reversible insertion of Na(+) ions, with an average discharge voltage of 2.5 V and an experimental capacity at low rates of up to 90 mAhg(-1). Simple synthesis, low-cost materials, excellent capacity retention, and efficiency suggest this class of material is competitive with similar oxyanion-based compounds as a cathode material for Na batteries. The characterization of physical properties by means of magnetization, specific heat, and electron spin resonance measurements confirms the presence of two magnetically nonequivalent Fe(3+) sites. The compound orders magnetically at TC ≈ 9.4 K into a state with spontaneous magnetization.

20.
J Gen Physiol ; 147(2): 175-88, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26755774

RESUMO

The Na,K-ATPase is essential for the contractile function of skeletal muscle, which expresses the α1 and α2 subunit isoforms of Na,K-ATPase. The α2 isozyme is predominant in adult skeletal muscles and makes a greater contribution in working compared with noncontracting muscles. Hindlimb suspension (HS) is a widely used model of muscle disuse that leads to progressive atrophy of postural skeletal muscles. This study examines the consequences of acute (6-12 h) HS on the functioning of the Na,K-ATPase α1 and α2 isozymes in rat soleus (disused) and diaphragm (contracting) muscles. Acute disuse dynamically and isoform-specifically regulates the electrogenic activity, protein, and mRNA content of Na,K-ATPase α2 isozyme in rat soleus muscle. Earlier disuse-induced remodeling events also include phospholemman phosphorylation as well as its increased abundance and association with α2 Na,K-ATPase. The loss of α2 Na,K-ATPase activity results in reduced electrogenic pump transport and depolarized resting membrane potential. The decreased α2 Na,K-ATPase activity is caused by a decrease in enzyme activity rather than by altered protein and mRNA content, localization in the sarcolemma, or functional interaction with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. The loss of extrajunctional α2 Na,K-ATPase activity depends strongly on muscle use, and even the increased protein and mRNA content as well as enhanced α2 Na,K-ATPase abundance at this membrane region after 12 h of HS cannot counteract this sustained inhibition. In contrast, additional factors may regulate the subset of junctional α2 Na,K-ATPase pool that is able to recover during HS. Notably, acute, low-intensity muscle workload restores functioning of both α2 Na,K-ATPase pools. These results demonstrate that the α2 Na,K-ATPase in rat skeletal muscle is dynamically and acutely regulated by muscle use and provide the first evidence that the junctional and extrajunctional pools of the α2 Na,K-ATPase are regulated differently.


Assuntos
Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Potenciais da Membrana/fisiologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Sarcolema/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA