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Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790500


The article covers the life and the work of Ivan A. Petrovsky, doctor of medicine. His contribution into propaganda in the Russian Empire of the idea of French physician Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis (1787-1872) concerning necessity of applying the statistical method in the clinical medicine. At that, the new facts of the biography of P.-Ch.-A. Louis were established. So, it is established that in Russia he was family doctor in the family of Armand-Charles-Emmanuel de Guignard, Comte de Saint-Priest (1782-1863). This discovery permitted to specify the circumstances of life of P.-Ch.-A. Louis in the Russian Empire. The study is also based on the archive materials founded in the Russian State Military History Archive. They are introduced into the scientific circulation for the first time.

Medicina Clínica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Medicina Clínica/história , Medicina Clínica/normas , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Federação Russa
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30748151


In Russia, the elite of therapy took shape in the first decades of XX century. Feofil Gavrilovich Yanovsky, professor of the St. Vladimir Kiev University was one of elite leaders. F. G. Yanovsky, being a classic of national clinical medicine, was renowned for mastery of diagnostics. In particular, it is considered that he was one of first among physicians in Russia who set up an antemortem diagnosis of lung infarction (1902). F. G. Yanovsky was a broad-scoped therapist that is confirmed by his research studies in bacteriology and acute infections, diagnostic, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis, functional diagnostic and treatment of kidney diseases, pathology of digestive organs and blood circulation system, development of techniques of immediate examination of patient and curative preventive application of resort factors. Together with V. P. Obraztsov he was at the head of the third, after the St. Petersburg Military Medical Academy and the Moscow University, Scientific Center of National therapy organized in the St. Vladimir Kiev University. F. G. Yanovsky was the first Soviet clinicians elected as academician of the All-Ukrainian Academy of Science. He established prominent and brilliant clinical school, including such his followers as academicians V. N. Ivanov (Kiev), V. Kh. Vasilenko and B. E. Votchal (Moscow). The exceptional popularity of F. G. Yanovsky was conditioned by especially attractive moral cast of mind of this physician. Ht was Judge of Honor of the Kiev Society of Physicians and he was ready in any time of day and night without a hitch and gratis to treat all needed persons. When F. G. Yanovsky passed away, tenth of thousands of Kiev citizen pay their last tribute to him. All was covered by white lilies and burial service was implemented according Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant and Judaic ceremonies. In Russia, such funeral was not the first one but it became the last one: no more physicians were buried in such a way.

Medicina , Academias e Institutos , História do Século XX , Humanos , Moscou , Federação Russa , Universidades