Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Rev. esp. patol ; 52(2): 76-80, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182692

RESUMO

Introducción: La tuberculosis constituye un problema importante de salud a nivel mundial y más aún, la detección temprana y el tratamiento adecuado de la misma en países subdesarrollados. Los estudios post mortem (EPM) han permitido el diagnóstico de tuberculosis, aún en casos sin diagnóstico clínico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Conocer el número de casos con diagnóstico de tuberculosis en EPM, durante un período de 10 años, en el Hospital General San Juan de Dios (HGSJDD) de Guatemala. Material y métodos: Se revisaron los informes finales de EPM del HGSJDD de Guatemala, de abril del 2006 a marzo del 2016. Se identificaron los casos con diagnóstico de tuberculosis y se revisaron cortes histológicos y tinciones especiales de los mismos. Resultados: En los 10 años revisados, se realizaron 859 EPM, en 21 casos se diagnosticó tuberculosis, 18 en adultos y 3 en niños. La mayoría correspondió a tuberculosis pulmonar (80,95%). En ninguno de los casos se había realizado el diagnóstico clínico de tuberculosis y solo en 5 se tuvo sospecha clínica de la enfermedad, pero ninguno fue investigado. Ningún paciente tenía documentado VIH/sida. Conclusión: El EPM sigue siendo de importancia en el estudio de las enfermedades. En el presente estudio se encontró el diagnóstico de 21 casos de tuberculosis, que no se habían diagnosticado en las evaluaciones clínicas


Introduction: Tuberculosis is a very important health problem worldwide. Early detection and adequate treatment of this disease is also a problem in low income countries. Post mortem examination has enabled tuberculosis to be diagnosed, even in cases without a clinical diagnosis of the disease. Objective: To determine the number of tuberculosis cases diagnosed on autopsy during a period of 10 years, at the San Juan de Dios General Hospital, Guatemala (SJDGH). Material and methods: The final autopsy reports at the between April 2006 and March 2016 were reviewed. H&E and special stains in cases with a diagnosis of tuberculosis were revised for confirmation. Results: During the 10 years reviewed, 859 autopsies had been carried out, 21 of which had the diagnosis of tuberculosis; 18 were adults and 3 were children and the majority (80.95%) were cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, in only 5 cases had there been a clinical suspicion, but without further investigation and none had a confirmed clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis. No patients had documented HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Autopsy continues to be important in the study of disease. In this retrospective study, 21 cases of tuberculosis in 21 cases were found in patients with no clinical diagnosis of the disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Autopsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Guatemala/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências
2.
Rev Esp Patol ; 52(2): 76-80, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902381

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a very important health problem worldwide. Early detection and adequate treatment of this disease is also a problem in low income countries. Post mortem examination has enabled tuberculosis to be diagnosed, even in cases without a clinical diagnosis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of tuberculosis cases diagnosed on autopsy during a period of 10 years, at the San Juan de Dios General Hospital, Guatemala (SJDGH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The final autopsy reports at the between April 2006 and March 2016 were reviewed. H&E and special stains in cases with a diagnosis of tuberculosis were revised for confirmation. RESULTS: During the 10 years reviewed, 859 autopsies had been carried out, 21 of which had the diagnosis of tuberculosis; 18 were adults and 3 were children and the majority (80.95%) were cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, in only 5 cases had there been a clinical suspicion, but without further investigation and none had a confirmed clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis. No patients had documented HIV/AIDS. CONCLUSION: Autopsy continues to be important in the study of disease. In this retrospective study, 21 cases of tuberculosis in 21 cases were found in patients with no clinical diagnosis of the disease.

3.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 31: 101382, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has significantly affected Latin America in 2015-2017. Most studies have been reported from Brazil and Colombia, and only a few from Central America. For these reasons, we analyzed the incidence, incidence rates and evolution of cases in Honduras from 2016 to 2017. METHODS: Using epidemiological weeks (EW) surveillance data on the ZIKV epidemics in Honduras, we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps at national, departmental and municipal levels. RESULTS: From 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017, a total of 32,607 cases of ZIKV were reported (98.5% in 2016 for an incidence rate of 36.85 cases/100,000 pop; 1% confirmed by RT-PCR). The highest peak was reached on the EW 6°, 2016 (2559 cases; 29.34 cases/100,000 pop). The department with the highest number of cases and incidence rate was Cortés (13,128 cases, 791.08 cases/100,000 pop in 2016). DISCUSSION: The pattern and evolution of ZIKV infection in Honduras have been similar to that which occurred for chikungunya in 2015. As previously reported, infection with chikungunya involved predominantly the central and capital area of the country, reaching incidences there >750 cases/100,000 pop. Studies using geographical information systems linked with clinical disease characteristics are necessary to attain accurate epidemiological data for public health systems. Such information is also useful for assessment of risk for travelers who visit specific areas in a destination country.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA