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Cancer ; 126(8): 1656-1667, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037524


BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related disease remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and this underscores the need to increase HPV vaccination to reduce the burden of the disease. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the number of HPV vaccine doses and the risk of histologically confirmed preinvasive cervical disease and high-grade cytology. METHODS: This retrospective matched cohort study used administrative data from Optum's Clinformatics DataMart Database to identify females aged 9 to 26 years who received 1 or more quadrivalent HPV vaccine doses between January 2006 and June 2015. Cases and controls were matched on region, age, sexually transmitted disease history, and pregnancy. All had a Papanicolaou test ≥1 year after the date of the matched case's final dose. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the association between the number of HPV vaccine doses and the incidence of preinvasive cervical disease and high-grade cytology. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the cumulative incidence rate at the 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: The study included 133,082 females (66,541 vaccinated and 66,541 unvaccinated) stratified by the number of HPV vaccine doses and the vaccine initiation age. Among those aged 15 to 19 years, the hazard ratio (HR) for high-grade cytology for the 3-dose group was 0.84 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.97), whereas the HRs for histologically confirmed preinvasive cervical disease for 1, 2, and 3 doses were 0.64 (95% CI, 0.47-0.88), 0.72 (95% CI, 0.54-0.95), and 0.66 (95% CI, 0.55-0.80), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The receipt of 1, 2, or 3 doses of an HPV vaccine by females aged 15 to 19 years was associated with a lower incidence of preinvasive cervical disease in comparison with unvaccinated females, and this supports the use of any HPV vaccination in reducing the burden of the disease.

Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 221(6): 644.e1-644.e5, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201807


OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with antenatal diagnosis of vasa previa and evaluate the predictive factors of resolution in a contemporary large, multicenter data set. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective multicenter cohort study of all antenatally diagnosed cases of vasa previa, identified via ultrasound and electronic medical record, between January 2011 and July 2018 in 5 US centers. Records were abstracted to obtain variables at diagnosis, throughout pregnancy, and outcomes, including maternal and neonatal variables. Data were reported as median [range] or n (percentage). Descriptive statistics, receiver-operating characteristics, and logistic regression analysis were used as appropriate. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-six cases of vasa previa were identified in 5 centers during the study period, 19 (14%) of which resolved spontaneously at median estimated gestational age of 27 weeks [19-34]. All subjects with unresolved vasa previa underwent cesarean delivery at a median estimated gestational age of 34 weeks [27-39] with the median estimated blood loss of 800 mL [250-2000]. Rates for vaginal bleeding, preterm labor, premature rupture of membrane, and need for blood product transfusion were not different between the resolved and unresolved group (P = NS). The odds ratio for resolution in those with the estimated gestational age of less than 24 weeks at the time of diagnosis was 7.9 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-29.4) after adjustment for confounding variables. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that outcomes in antenatally diagnosed cases of vasa previa are excellent. Furthermore, our data report a higher chance of resolution when the condition is diagnosed before 24 weeks of gestation.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 56(4): 1854-61, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22252821


The ClpXP protease is a critical bacterial intracellular protease that regulates protein turnover in many bacterial species. Here we identified a pharmacological inhibitor of the ClpXP protease, F2, and evaluated its action in Bacillus anthracis and Staphylococcus aureus. We found that F2 exhibited synergistic antimicrobial activity with cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides and antibiotics that target the cell well and/or cell membrane, such as penicillin and daptomycin, in B. anthracis and drug-resistant strains of S. aureus. ClpXP inhibition represents a novel therapeutic strategy to simultaneously sensitize pathogenic bacteria to host defenses and pharmaceutical antibiotics.

Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Endopeptidase Clp/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Bacillus anthracis/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacillus anthracis/genética , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tetrazóis/farmacologia