Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 191
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930562

RESUMO

The spin-spin interactions between unpaired electrons in organic (poly)radicals, especially nitroxides, are of largely inves-tigated and are of crucial importance for their applications in areas such as organic magnetism, molecular charge transfer or multiple spin labeling in structural biology. Recently, TEMPO and polymers functionalized with nitroxides have been described as successful redox mediators, however, the study of spin-spin interactions effect in such an area is absent. This communication deals with the preparation and study of a novel family of discrete polynitroxide molecules, with the same number of radical units but different arrangement to study how intramolecular spin-spin interactions affect on their electrochemical potential and their use as redox mediators.

2.
Biomaterials ; 259: 120313, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829146

RESUMO

Recent achievements in the field of immunotherapy, such as the development of engineered T cells used in adoptive cell therapy, are introducing more efficient strategies to combat cancer. Nevertheless, there are still many limitations. For example, these T cells are challenging to manufacture, manipulate, and control. Specifically, there are limitations in producing the large amounts of therapeutic T cells needed for these therapies in a short period of time and in an economically viable manner. In this study, three-dimensional (3D) poly(ethylene) glycol (PEG) hydrogels covalently combined with low molecular weight heparin are engineered to resemble the lymph nodes, where T cells reproduce. In these hydrogels, PEG provides the needed structural and mechanical properties, whereas heparin is used as an anchor for the cytokine CCL21, which is present in the lymph nodes, and can affect cell migration and proliferation. The 3D structure of the hydrogel in combination with its loading capacity result in an increased primary human CD4+ T cell proliferation compared to the state-of-the-art expansion systems consisting of artificial antigen presenting cells. Thus, we present a new tool for adoptive cell therapy to help achieving the large numbers of cells required for therapy of selected phenotypes targeted against cancer cells, by mimicking the lymph nodes.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 49(29): 10011-10016, 2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643714

RESUMO

The chance to have persistent organic radicals in combination with metals has attracted much interest since it offers the possibility of having new functional molecules with multiple open-shell elements. In this study, we report the synthesis of two tripodal tris(2-pyridyl)methylamine ligands (TPMA) functionalized with nitronyl nitroxide persistent radicals. The newly formed ligands have been used to coordinate zinc(ii), copper(ii), iron(ii) and cobalt(ii). The resulting complexes have been investigated by means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), ESI-MS, FT-IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. An electron reduction of the N-O radical moiety has been observed, depending on the metal used for the formation of the complex and the reaction conditions. We have observed small differences in the EPR spectra depending on the meta or para position of the radical moiety in the complex structure and some antiferromagnetic interactions between the paramagnetic M(ii) ions and the radical species.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(23): 5080-5088, 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400840

RESUMO

In tissue engineering, biological, physical, and chemical inputs have to be combined to properly mimic cellular environments and successfully build artificial tissues which can be designed to fulfill different biomedical needs such as the shortage of organ donors or the development of in vitro disease models for drug testing. Inclusion body-like protein nanoparticles (pNPs) can simultaneously provide such physical and biochemical stimuli to cells when attached to surfaces. However, this attachment has only been made by physisorption. To provide a stable anchoring, a covalent binding of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produced pNPs, which lack the innate pyrogenic impurities of Gram-negative bacteria like Escherichia coli, is presented. The reported micropatterns feature a robust nanoscale topography with an unprecedented mechanical stability. In addition, they are denser and more capable of influencing cell morphology and orientation. The increased stability and the absence of pyrogenic impurities represent a step forward towards the translation of this material to a clinical setting.

5.
Chemistry ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428358

RESUMO

Presented here is a comprehensive study of highly oxidized multiple-decker complexes composed of TbIII and CdII ions and two to five phthalocyaninato ligands, which are stabilized by electron-donating n-butoxy groups. From X-ray structural analyses, all the complexes become axially compressed upon ligand oxidation, resulting in bowl-shaped distortions of the ligands. In addition, unusual coexistence of square antiprism and square prism geometries around metal ions was observed in +4e charged species. From paramagnetic 1 H NMR studies on the resulting series of triple, quadruple and quintuple-decker complexes, ligand oxidation leads to a decrease in the magnetic anisotropy, as predicted from theoretical calculations. Unusual paramagnetic shifts were observed in the spectra of the +2e charged quadruple and quintuple-decker complexes, indicating that those two species are actually unexpected triplet biradicals. Magnetic measurements revealed that the series of complexes show single-molecule magnet properties, which are controlled by the multi-step redox induced structural changes.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(18): 20253-20262, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268722

RESUMO

Fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) are emerging as an attractive alternative to the well-established fluorescent inorganic nanoparticles or small organic dyes. Their proper design allows one to obtain biocompatible probes with superior brightness and high photostability, although usually affected by low colloidal stability. Herein, we present a type of FONs with outstanding photophysical and physicochemical properties in-line with the stringent requirements for biomedical applications. These FONs are based on quatsome (QS) nanovesicles containing a pair of fluorescent carbocyanine molecules that give rise to Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). Structural homogeneity, high brightness, photostability, and high FRET efficiency make these FONs a promising class of optical bioprobes. Loaded QSs have been used for in vitro bioimaging, demonstrating the nanovesicle membrane integrity after cell internalization, and the possibility to monitor the intracellular vesicle fate. Taken together, the proposed QSs loaded with a FRET pair constitute a promising platform for bioimaging and theranostics.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 3897-3904, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343903

RESUMO

Organic radical monolayers (r-MLs) bonded to metal surfaces are potential materials for the development of molecular (spin)electronics. Typically, stable radicals bearing surface anchoring groups are used to generate r-MLs. Following a recent theoretical proposal based on a model system, we report the first experimental realization of a metal surface-induced r-ML, where a rationally chosen closed-shell precursor 3,5-dichloro-4-[bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)methylen]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one (1) transforms into a stable neutral open-shell species (1•) via chemisorption on the Ag(111) surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that the >C═O group of 1 reacts with the surface, forming a C-O-Ag linkage that induces an electronic rearrangement that transforms 1 to 1•. We further show that surface reactivity is an important factor in this process whereby Au(111) is inert towards 1, whereas the Cu(111) surface leads to dehalogenation reactions. The radical nature of the Ag(111)-bound monolayer was further confirmed by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and electronic structure calculations, which provide evidence of the emergence of the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) of 1•.

8.
Chemistry ; 26(17): 3776-3781, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917497

RESUMO

A new persistent organic free radical has been synthetized with Br atoms occupying the ortho- and para-positions of a trityl core. After the isolation of its two propeller-like atropisomers, Plus (P) and minus (M), their absolute configurations were assigned by a combination of theoretical and experimental data. Remarkably, no hints of racemization were observed up to 60 °C for more than two hours, due to the higher steric hindrance imposed by the bulky Br atoms. Therefore, when compared to its chlorinated homologue (t1/2 =18 s at 60 °C), an outstanding stability against racemization was achieved. A circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) response of both enantiomers was detected. This free radical shows a satisfactory luminescent dissymmetry factor (|glum (592 nm)|≈0.7×10-3 ) despite its pure organic nature and low luminescence quantum yield (LQY). Improved organic magnetic CPL emitters derived from the reported structure can be envisaged thanks to the wide possibilities that Br atoms at para-positions offer for further functionalization.

9.
Nanomedicine ; 24: 102136, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843659

RESUMO

Quatsomes are outstanding new lipid-based nanovesicles that are highly homogeneous and stable in different media for years, but the composition must be carefully chosen to avoid any potentially toxic side effects in in vivo applications. To this end, we have developed and studied a novel type of Quatsomes composed of cholesterol and myristalkonium chloride (MKC), the latter being extensively used as antimicrobial preservative in many ophthalmic and parenteral formulations on the EU and USA market. We have synthesized these novel MKC-Quatsomes in different media that are suitable for parenteral administration, and confirmed their stability in these media for 18 months, as well as the stability in human serum for 24 hours. Biodistribution assays were performed after intravenous injection of fluorescently labeled MKC-Quatsomes in live mice bearing xenografted colorectal tumors, showing nanovesicle accumulation in tumors, liver, spleen, and kidneys. No histological alteration or toxicity was observed in any of these organs.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(45): 16282-16288, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518486

RESUMO

Chiroptical properties of two chiral atropisomers of propeller-like trityl-based radical derivatives have been analyzed. A new absolute configuration (AC) assignment has been made, according to the combination of experimental and theoretical data. In this sense, their ACs have been determined through the comparison of the Cotton effects recorded by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) with the theoretical ECD of the open shell structures obtained by TD-DFT calculations. Finally, their circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) responses have been addressed. Remarkably, this is the first description of organic free radicals as intrinsic CPL emitters. Opposite signed CPL has been detected for each pair of conformers, with acceptable luminescent dissymmetry factors (|glum |≈0.5-0.8×10-3 ) considering their pure organic nature. In fact, highly efficient chiral emissions have been demonstrated, according to the comparison of |glum | with their respective absorption anisotropy factors (|gabs |). This pioneering study lays the foundations for the optimization of new magnetically active organic chiral emitters.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(41): 14467-14471, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322792

RESUMO

A complete experimental and theoretical study has been carried out for aromatic and quinoidal perylene-based bridges substituted with bis(diarylamine) and bis(arylimine) groups respectively. The through-bridge inter-redox site electronic couplings (VAB ) have been calculated for their respective mixed-valence radical cation and radical anion species. The unusual similitudes of the resulting VAB values for the given structures reveal the intervention of molecular shapes with balanced semi-quinoidal/semi-aromatic structures in the charge delocalization. An identical molecular object equally responding to the injection of either positive or negative charges is rare in the field of organic π-conjugated molecules. However, once probed herein for perylene-based systems, it can be extrapolated to other π-conjugated bridges. As a result, this work opens the door to the rational design of true ambipolar bulk and molecular conductors.

12.
Nanoscale ; 10(48): 23001-23011, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30500043

RESUMO

Quatsomes (QS) are unilamellar nanovesicles constituted by quaternary ammonium surfactants and sterols in defined molar ratios. Unlike conventional liposomes, QS are stable upon long storage such as for several years, they show outstanding vesicle-to-vesicle homogeneity regarding size and lamellarity, and they have the structural and physicochemical requirements to be a potential platform for site-specific delivery of hydrophilic and lipophilic molecules. Knowing in detail the structure and mechanical properties of the QS membrane is of great importance for the design of deformable and flexible nanovesicle alternatives, highly pursued in nanomedicine applications such as the transdermal administration route. In this work, we report the first study on the detailed structure of the cholesterol : CTAB QS membrane at the nanoscale, using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and spectroscopy (AFM-FS) in a controlled liquid environment (ionic medium and temperature) to assess the topography of supported QS membranes (SQMs) and to evaluate the local membrane mechanics. We further perform molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to provide an atomistic interpretation of the obtained results. Our results are direct evidence of the bilayer nature of the QS membrane, with characteristics of a fluid-like membrane, compact and homogeneous in composition, and with structural and mechanical properties that depend on the surrounding environment. We show how ions alter the lateral packing, modifying the membrane mechanics. We observe that according to the ionic environment and temperature, different domains may coexist in the QS membranes, ascribed to variations in molecular tilt angles. Our results indicate that QS membrane properties may be easily tuned by altering the lateral interactions with either different environmental ions or counterions.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(40): 25638-25647, 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30288535

RESUMO

Dyads formed by an electron donor unit (D) covalently linked to an electron acceptor (A) by an organic bridge are promising materials as molecular rectifiers. Very recently, we have reported the charge transport measurements across self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of two D-A systems consisting of the ferrocene (Fc) electron-donor linked to a polychlorotriphenylmethane (PTM) electron-acceptor in its non-radical (SAM 1) and radical (SAM 2) forms. Interestingly, we observed that the non-radical SAM 1 showed rectification behavior of 2 orders of magnitude higher than its radical analogue dyad 2. In order to study the influence of the donor unit on the transport properties, we report herein the synthesis and characterization of two new D-A SAMs in which the electron-donor Fc unit is replaced by a tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) moiety linked to the PTM unit in its non-radical (SAM 3) and radical (SAM 4) forms. The observed decrease in the rectification ratio and increased current density for TTF-PTM based SAMs 3 and 4 in comparison to Fc-PTM based SAMs 1 and 2 are explained, supported by theoretical calculations, by significant changes in the electronic and supramolecular structures.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(30): 25779-25786, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989793

RESUMO

A versatile evaporation-assisted methodology based on the coffee-drop effect is described to deposit nanoparticles on surfaces, obtaining for the first time patterned gradients of protein nanoparticles (pNPs) by using a simple custom-made device. Fully controllable patterns with specific periodicities consisting of stripes with different widths and distinct nanoparticle concentration as well as gradients can be produced over large areas (∼10 cm2) in a fast (up to 10 mm2/min), reproducible, and cost-effective manner using an operational protocol optimized by an evolutionary algorithm. The developed method opens the possibility to decorate surfaces "a-la-carte" with pNPs enabling different categories of high-throughput studies on cell motility.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Movimento Celular
15.
ACS Omega ; 3(5): 5273-5280, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023914

RESUMO

Adoptive cell therapy, i.e., the extraction, manipulation, and administration of ex vivo generated autologous T cells to patients, is an emerging alternative to regular procedures in cancer treatment. Nevertheless, these personalized treatments require laborious and expensive laboratory procedures that should be alleviated to enable their incorporation into the clinics. With the objective to improve the ex vivo expansion of large amount of specific T cells, we propose the use of three-dimensional (3D) structures during their activation with artificial antigen-presenting cells, thus resembling the natural environment of the secondary lymphoid organs. Thus, the activation, proliferation, and differentiation of T cells have been analyzed when cultured in the presence of two 3D systems, Matrigel and a 3D polystyrene scaffold, showing an increase in cell proliferation compared to standard suspension systems.

16.
Chemphyschem ; 19(19): 2572-2578, 2018 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29877600

RESUMO

Perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radical-based compounds are widely exploited as molecular switching units. However, their application in optoelectronics is limited by the fact that they exhibit intense absorption bands only in a narrow range of the UV region around 385 nm. Recent experimental works have reported new PTM based compounds which present a broad absorption in the visible region although the origin of this behavior is not fully explained. In this context, Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) calculations have been performed to rationalize the optical properties of these compounds. Moreover, a new compound based on PTM disubstituted with bistriazene units has been synthetized and characterized to complete the set of available experimental data on related compounds. The results point to the delocalization of the Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) of the substituents along the PTM core as the origin of the new high absorption bands in the visible region. As a consequence, the absorption of the PTM-based compounds can be tuned via the choice of the nature of the donor substituent, type of connection, and number of substituents.

17.
Chemistry ; 24(44): 11386-11392, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869811

RESUMO

Diketopyrrolopyrroles (DPPs) have recently attracted much interest as very bright and photostable red-emitting molecules. However, their tendency to form nonfluorescent aggregates in water through the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect is a major issue that limits their application under the microscope. Herein, two DPP molecules have been incorporated into the membrane of highly stable and water-soluble quatsomes (QS; nanovesicles composed of surfactants and sterols), which allow their nanostructuration in water and, at the same time, limits the ACQ effect. The obtained fluorescent organic nanoparticles showed superior structural homogeneity, along with long-term colloidal and optical stability. A thorough one- (1P) and two-photon (2P) fluorescence characterization revealed the promising photophysical features of these fluorescent nanovesicles, which showed a high 1P and 2P brightness. Finally, the fluorescent QSs were used for the in vitro bioimaging of Saos-2 osteosarcoma cell lines; this demonstrates their potential as nanomaterials for bioimaging applications.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Cetonas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Pirróis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Tamanho da Partícula , Fótons , Solubilidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Água
18.
Chemphyschem ; 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29744989

RESUMO

Two generations of polyphosphorhydrazone (PPH) dendrimers were synthesized and fully functionalized with TEMPO radicals via acrylamido or imino group linkers to evaluate the impact of the linker substitution on the radical-radical interactions. A drastic change in the way that the radicals interacted among them was observed by EPR and CV studies: while radicals in Gn -imino-TEMPO dendrimers presented a strong spin-spin interaction, in the Gn -acrylamido-TEMPO ones they acted mainly as independent radicals. This shows that these interactions could be tuned by the solely substitution of the radical linker, opening the perspective of controlling and modulating the extension of these interactions depending on each application. The chemical properties of the linker strongly influence the spin-spin exchange between pendant radicals.

19.
J Phys Chem B ; 122(16): 4481-4490, 2018 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29617132

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are used to confer switchable physical, chemical, or biological properties to surfaces through the application of external stimuli. To obtain spatially and temporally tunable surfaces, we present microcontact printed SAMs of a hydroquinone molecule that are used as a dynamic interface to immobilize different functional molecules either via Diels-Alder or Michael thiol addition reactions upon the application of a low potential. In spite of the use of such reactions and the potential applicability of the resulting surfaces in different fields ranging from sensing to biomedicine through data storage or cleanup, a direct comparison of the two functionalization strategies on a surface has not yet been performed. Although the Michael thiol addition requires molecules that are commercial or easy to synthesize in comparison with the cyclopentadiene derivatives needed for the Diels-Alder reaction, the latter reaction produces more homogeneous coverages under similar experimental conditions.

20.
Small ; 14(16): e1703851, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29573545

RESUMO

A new kind of fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) is obtained using quatsomes (QSs), a family of nanovesicles proposed as scaffolds for the nanostructuration of commercial lipophilic carbocyanines (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI), 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indodicarbocyanine perchlorate (DiD), and 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)) in aqueous media. The obtained FONs, prepared by a CO2 -based technology, show excellent colloidal- and photostability, outperforming other nanoformulations of the dyes, and improve the optical properties of the fluorophores in water. Molecular dynamics simulations provide an atomistic picture of the disposition of the dyes within the membrane. The potential of QSs for biological imaging is demonstrated by performing superresolution microscopy of the DiI-loaded vesicles in vitro and in cells. Therefore, fluorescent QSs constitute an appealing nanomaterial for bioimaging applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Água/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA