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1.
Europace ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125356

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to investigate whether left atrial (LA) markers from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were able to predict atrial fibrillation (AF) in elderly patients with risk factors for stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: At baseline, 203 participants with stroke risk factors but without history of AF underwent advanced CMR and received an implantable loop recorder. During a median of 40 (37-42) months of continuous monitoring, incident AF was detected in 79 patients (39%). With regards to CMR markers, a steep increase in incidence rate of AF was seen with LA maximum volume (LAmax) above 55 mL/m2, LA minimum volume (LAmin) above 30 mL/m2, LA total emptying fraction (LA TEF) below 45%, LA active emptying fraction (LA AEF) below 37%, LA strain S below 25%, LA strain A below 17%, and LA strain rate A above -1.7 s-1. After multivariate adjustment, the above-mentioned CMR markers remained associated with AF incidence: hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.25 (1.06-1.48) and 1.51 (1.22-1.87) per 10 mL/m2 increase of LAmax and LAmin, respectively, 1.49 (1.26-1.76) and 1.46 CI (1.25-1.71) per 5% decrease in LA TEF and LA AEF, respectively, 1.23 (1.05-1.44) and 1.56 (1.18-2.06) per 5% decrease in LA strain S and A, respectively, and 2.06 (1.31-3.23) per s-1 increase in LA strain rate A. In prediction analyses, LA functional indices increased area under the receiver operating characteristic curve significantly. CONCLUSION: The risk of AF, including asymptomatic AF, increases significantly with increasing LA volumes and worsening LA function.

2.
J Electrocardiol ; 59: 74-80, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) presenting beyond 12 h of symptom onset (late presenters) is challenging. However, the electrocardiogram (ECG) may provide helpful information. We investigated the association between three ECG-scores and myocardial salvage and infarct size in late presenters treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (primary PCI). METHODS: Sixty-six patients with STEMI and ongoing symptoms presenting 12-72 h after symptom onset were included. Cardiac magnetic resonance was performed at day 1 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-1) and at follow-up at day 93 (IQR, 90-98). The pre-PCI ECG was analyzed for the presence of pathological QW (early QW) as well as Anderson-Wilkins acuteness score (AW-score), the classic Sclarovsky-Birnbaum Ischemia Grading System (classic SB-IG-score) and a modified SB-IG-score including any T-wave morphologies. RESULTS: Early QW was associated with a larger myocardium at risk (39 ± 12 versus 33 ± 12; p = 0.030) and final infarct size (20 ± 11 versus 14 ± 9; p = 0.021) as well as a numerical lower final myocardial salvage (0.52 ± 0.19 versus 0.61 ± 0.23; p = 0.09). The association with final infarct size disappeared after adjusting for myocardium at risk. An AW-score < 3 showed a trend towards a larger final infarct size (18 ± 11 versus 11 ± 11; p = 0.08) and was not associated with salvage index (0.55 ± 0.20 versus 0.65 ± 0.30; p = 0.23). The classic and modified SB-IG-score were not associated with final infarct size (modified SB-IG-score, 17 ± 10 versus 21 ± 13; p = 0.28) or final myocardial salvage (0.53 ± 0.20 versus 0.53 ± 0.26; p = 0.96). CONCLUSION: Of three well-established ECG-scores only early QW and AW-score < 3 showed association with myocardium at risk and infarct size to some extent, but the association with myocardial salvage was weak. Hence, neither of the three investigated ECG-scores are sufficient to guide clinical decision-making in patients with STEMI and ongoing symptoms presenting beyond 12 h of symptom onset.

3.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-8, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with complex CHD are at risk for psychopathology such as severe attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms after congenital heart surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate if children with Ventricular Septal Defect, Transposition of Great Arteries, or Tetralogy of Fallot have an increased occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms compared with the background population and to investigate differences between the three CHDs in terms of occurrence and appearance of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. METHOD: A national register-based survey was conducted, including children aged 10-16 years with surgically corrected CHDs without genetic abnormalities and syndromes. The Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder-Rating Scale questionnaires were filled in by parents and school teachers. RESULTS: In total, 159 out of 283 questionnaires were completed among children with CHDs and compared with age- and sex-matched controls. Children with CHDs had significantly increased inattention scores (p = 0.009) and total attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder scores (p = 0.008) compared with controls. Post hoc analyses revealed that children with Tetralogy of Fallot had significantly higher inattention scores compared with children both with Ventricular Septal Defect (p = 0.043) and controls (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and inattention symptoms were significantly more frequent among children aged 10-16 years with CHDs, in particular in children with corrected Tetralogy of Fallot.

4.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(2): 175-182, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435658

RESUMO

AIMS: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited disease and presymptomatic screening of relatives is recommended. In 2010, the Task Force Criteria (TFC2010) introduced specific diagnostic imaging parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of family screening and the value of different diagnostic modalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Family evaluation, including cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), is routinely offered to ARVC relatives at our institution. We retrospectively registered baseline characteristics, symptomatology, and results of non-invasive examinations from 2010 to 2016 and assessed the findings according to TFC2010. A total of 286 relatives (150 females; age 12-76 years; 251 first-degree) were included. A total of 103 (36%) individuals reported cardiovascular symptoms. The non-invasive workup showed that 101 (35%) relatives had ≥1 positive parameter on signal-averaged electrocardiogram (ECG), 40 (14%) had abnormal findings on Holter monitoring, 36 (13%) fulfilled an ECG criterion, six (2%) fulfilled CMR criteria, and echocardiographic abnormalities was seen in one (0.3%) relative. In total, 21 (7% overall; 13% among gene-positive subgroup) relatives were diagnosed with ARVC and 78 (27% overall; 49% among gene-positive subgroup) with borderline ARVC based on the combined non-invasive evaluations. Family history and electrical investigations alone diagnosed 20 out of 21 (95%) ARVC cases and 73 out of 78 (94%) borderline cases. CONCLUSION: Consecutive evaluation of ARVC relatives diagnosed 7% with definite and 27% with borderline ARVC according to the TFC2010. Screening relatives for electrical abnormalities with 12 lead ECG, signal-averaged ECG, and Holter monitoring was more sensitive than imaging modalities.

5.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; 40(3): 308-315, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455124

RESUMO

Regular audit of results of prenatal screening for congenital heart disease (CHD) is crucial to ensure reliable prenatal diagnosis. We aimed to assess the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis of major CHD between 1996 and 2013. During the study period, prenatal detection of major CHD improved from 4.5% to 71.0% (p<.001). Prenatal diagnoses on 628 live born children and terminated pregnancies were compared with postnatal findings or autopsy reports. The proportion of correct diagnoses increased throughout the study period from 42.9% in 1996 and reached 88.2% in 2013 (p<.001). A total of 32 foetuses with suspected major CHD were terminated though no major CHD was found at autopsy. In these pregnancies, termination was mainly performed due to other anomalies in the foetus.Along with improved detection of major CHD, the validity of a prenatal diagnosis is increasing. No cases of misinterpreted major CHD resulted in the termination of a healthy foetus in this study.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Prenatal diagnosis of isolated congenital heart disease (CHD) correlates well with lesions found during autopsy performed in terminated foetuses. Few studies have assessed the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis of major CHD in live born children, cases with associated anomalies and the time trend in validity.What the results of this study add? This study illustrates that the validity of prenatal diagnosis of major CHD is increasing. Prenatal diagnoses in terminated pregnancies as well as in live born children is high except for coarctation of the aorta and atrioventricular septal defects. Chromosomal anomalies are associated with lower accuracy of prenatal diagnosis.What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? Prenatal diagnosis is an accurate tool for detecting major CHD. Misinterpretation has not led to the termination of a healthy foetus; however, this study illustrates that vigilant care should be placed on the cardiac evaluation when termination is considered due to the cardiac defect.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 301: 215-219, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748187

RESUMO

AIMS: To predict irreversible reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during admission for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in addition to classical clinical parameters. Irreversible reduction in LVEF is an important prognostic factor after STEMI which necessitates medical therapy and implantation of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A post-hoc analysis of DANAMI-3 trial program (Third DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients With ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction) which recruited 649 patients who had CMR performed during index hospitalization and after 3 months. Patients were divided into two groups according to CMR-LVEF at 3 months: Group 1 with LVEF≤35% and Group 2 with LVEF>35%. Group 1 included 15 patients (2.3%) while Group 2 included 634 patients (97.7%). A multivariate analysis showed that: Killip class >1 (OR 7.39; CI:1.47-36.21, P = 0.01), symptom onset-to-wire ≥6 h (OR 7.19; CI 1.07-50.91, P = 0.04), LVEF≤35% using index echocardiography (OR 7.11; CI: 1.27-47.43, P = 0.03), and infarct size ≥40% of LV on index CMR (OR 42.62; CI:7.83-328.29, P < 0.001) independently correlated with a final LVEF≤35%. Clinical models consisted of these parameters could identify 7 out of 15 patients in Group 1 with 100% positive predictive value. CONCLUSION: Together with other clinical measurements, the assessment of infarct size using late Gadolinium enhancement by CMR during hospitalization is a strong predictor of irreversible reduction in CMR_LVEF ≤35. That could potentially, after validation with future research, aids the selection and treatment of high-risk patients after STEMI, including implantation of prophylactic ICD during index hospitalization.

7.
J Electrocardiol ; 58: 135-142, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathological Q-wave (QW) in the electrocardiogram (ECG) before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (primary PCI) is a strong prognostic marker in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, current binary QW criteria are either not clinically applicable or have a lack of diagnostic performance. Accordingly, we evaluated the association between duration, depth and area of QW and markers of the effect of reperfusion (reperfusion success). METHODS: A total of 516 patients with their first STEMI had obtained an ECG before primary PCI and an acute cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at day 1 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-1) and at follow-up at day 92 (IQR, 89-96). The largest measurable QW in ECG was used for analysis of duration, depth and area of QW (QW morphology). The QW morphology was evaluated as a continuous variable in linear regression models and as a variable divided in four equally large groups. RESULTS: The QW morphology as four equally large groups was significantly associated with all CMR endpoints (p ≤ 0.001) and showed a linear relationship (p ≤ 0.001) with final infarct size (for QW duration, ß = 0.47; QW depth, ß = 0.41 and QW area, ß = 0.39), final infarct transmurality (for QW duration, ß = 0.36; QW depth, ß = 0.26 and QW area, ß = 0.23) and final myocardial salvage index (for QW duration, ß = -0.34; QW depth, ß = -0.26 and QW area, ß = -0.24). CONCLUSION: Although modest, the QW morphology in STEMI patients showed significant linear association with markers of reperfusion success. Hence, it is suggested that the term pathological is not used as a dichotomous parameter in patients with STEMI but rather evaluated on the basis of extent.

9.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746761

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the correlation between fractional flow reserve (FFR) and diameter stenosis in patients with STEMI with and without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and the influence of LVH on complete FFR-guided revascularization versus culprit only, in terms of risk of clinical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this DANAMI-3-PRIMULTI sub-study, 279 patients with STEMI had cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for assessment of left-ventricular-mass-index. Ninety-six patients had FFR evaluation of a non-culprit lesion. Diameter stenosis of the non-culprit lesion was determined with 2-dimensional quantitative-coronary-analysis. The diameter stenosis (56.9% vs. 54.3%, p=0.38) and FFR value (0.83 vs. 0.85, p=0.34) were significantly correlated in both groups (Spearmans ρ=-0.40 and -0.41 without LVH and with LVH, respectively; p<0.001) but was not different between patients without and with LVH (p for interaction =0.87). FFR-guided complete revascularization was associated with reduced risk of death, myocardial infarction or ischemia-driven revascularization for both patients without LVH (HR 0.42, 95%CI 0.20-0.85) and for patients with LVH (HR 0.50, 95%CI 0.17-0.47), with no interaction between the FFR-guided complete revascularization and LVH (p for interaction =0.82). CONCLUSIONS: LVH did not interact with the correlation between diameter stenosis and FFR and did not modify the impact of complete revascularization on the occurrence of subsequent clinical events.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748945

RESUMO

The use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging left atrial late gadolinium enhancement (LA LGE) is increasing for fibrosis evaluation though the use is still limited to specialized centres due to complex image acquisition and lack of consensus on image analyses. Analysis of LA LGE with image intensity ratio (IIR) (pixel intensity of atrial wall normalized by blood pool intensity) provides an objective method to obtain quantitative data on atrial fibrosis. A threshold between healthy myocardium and fibrosis of 1.2 has previously been established in 3T scans. The aim of the study was to reaffirm this threshold in 1.5T scans. LA LGE was performed using a 1.5T magnetic resonance scanner on: 11 lone-AF patients, 11 age-matched healthy volunteers (aged 27-44) and 11 elderly patients without known history of AF but varying degrees of comorbidities. Mean values of IIR for all healthy volunteers +2SD were set as upper limit of normality and was reproduced to 1.21 and the original IIR-threshold of 1.20 was maintained. The degree of fibrosis in lone-AF patients [median 9.0% (IQR 3.9-12.0)] was higher than in healthy volunteers [2.8% (1.3-8.3)] and even higher in elderly non-AF [20.1% (10.2-35.8), p = 0.001]. The previously established IIR-threshold of 1.2 was reaffirmed in 1.5T LA LGE scans. Patients with lone AF presented with increased degrees of atrial fibrosis compared to healthy volunteers in the same age-range. Elderly patients with no history of AF showed significantly higher degrees of fibrosis compared to both groups with younger individuals.

11.
Cell Transplant ; 28(12): 1700-1708, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698917

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stromal cell (ASC) therapy is currently investigated as a new treatment option for patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ASC therapy in patients with chronic IHD measuring myocardial perfusion and cardiac function using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Patients were included in MyStromalCell trial, a phase II, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study investigated the effect of ASCs in patients with chronic IHD with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In total, 41 of 60 patients underwent cine, late enhancement, rest and stress imaging with CMRI. There was a non-significant difference between stress and rest values in maximal signal intensity, a measure of myocardial perfusion, from baseline to follow-up comparing placebo with ASC group (-52.52 ± 88.61 and 3.05 ± 63.17, p = 0.061, respectively). LVEF, myocardial mass, stroke volume, left ventricle end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume changed non-significantly (-0.5 ± 4.7%, -3.5 ± 13.1 g, -0.7 ± 8.6 mL, 1.9 ± 25.1 mL and 2.6 ± 16.5 mL, respectively) in the placebo group and in the ASC group (0.7 ± 8.6%, 0.9 ± 10.8 g, -0.3 ± 26.1 mL, -3.0 ± 31.5 mL and -2.7 ± 20.4 mL, respectively) from baseline to 6 months follow-up. The amount of scar tissue was unchanged in the placebo group by 0.0 ± 1.6 g, p = 1.0 and in the ASC group with -0.3 ± 2.3 g, p = 0.540. There was no difference between the groups. There was a non-significant trend toward increased myocardial perfusion but no significant changes in functional parameters or amount of scar tissue in patients treated with ASCs compared with patients allocated into the placebo group.

12.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(12): 1558-1564.e3, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography may be challenging in patients suspected of having prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) provides a new diagnostic tool in the examination of patients with PVE, yet few data on its use have been published. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, patients with suspected PVE and inconclusive findings on transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography were further examined with ICE. Medical records were reviewed to assess clinical status, microbiologic etiology, echocardiography, antibiotic treatment, and surgical procedures. The modified Duke criteria were used to assess the diagnostic classification after ICE. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients suspected of having PVE were included, of whom 17 patients had undergone transcatheter aortic heart valve implantation, 19 had surgically prosthetic valves, and two had tetralogy of Fallot with transcatheter pulmonary valves. After ICE, 19 patients were classified with definite PVE, and four patients were treated as having PVE because of overall clinical presentation. Of the 15 patients not treated for endocarditis after ICE, one patient had a relapse. Regarding procedural safety, no vascular complications occurred, whereas six of the patients (16%) had groin hematomas, which did not require intervention and had no sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with suspected PVE, ICE changed the diagnosis to definite PVE in half of the patients, with a low frequency of relapse among patients in whom PVE could not be confirmed by ICE. ICE may help guide clinicians in the duration of antibiotic treatment and surgical intervention in the treatment of patients with PVE.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13909, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558765

RESUMO

Primary carnitine deficiency (PCD) not treated with L-Carnitine can lead to sudden cardiac death. To our knowledge, it is unknown if asymptomatic patients treated with L-Carnitine suffer from myocardial scarring and thus be at greater risk of potentially serious arrhythmia. Cardiac evaluation of function and myocardial scarring is non-invasively best supported by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). The study included 36 PCD patients, 17 carriers and 17 healthy subjects. A CMR cine stack in the short-axis plane were acquired to evaluate left ventricle (LV) systolic and diastolic function and a similar LGE stack to evaluate myocardial scarring and replacement fibrosis. LV volumes and ejection fraction were not different between PCD patients, carriers and healthy subjects. However, LV mass was higher in PCD patients with the severe homozygous mutation, c.95 A > G (p = 0.037; n = 17). Among homozygous PCD patients there were two cases of unexplained myocardial scarring and this is in contrast to no myocardial scarring in any of the other study participants (p = 0.10). LV mass was increased in PCD patients. L-carnitine supplementation is essential in order to prevent potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia and serious adverse cardiac remodeling.

14.
Cardiol Young ; 29(8): 1082-1087, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of CHD surgery in early childhood on quality of life in children aged 10-16 years with surgically corrected Ventricular Septal Defect, Transposition of the Great Arteries, and Tetralogy of Fallot. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study of quality of life survey on 161 children and adolescents aged 10-16 years with surgically corrected Ventricular Septal Defect, Transposition of the Great Arteries, and Tetralogy of Fallot. The international Paediatric Quality of Life 4.0 quality of life questionnaires were applied and collected for assessment from patients and parents. The endpoints were total, physical, emotional, social, and school quality of life scores. RESULTS: The quality of life total and school scores was significantly lower in children with CHD than their healthy peers. There was no significant difference in quality of life between the three CHD groups. All three CHD groups had a significantly lower total (7.7-13.2%, p<0.001) and school scores (21.1-31.6%, p<0.001) than the control group. The tetralogy of Fallot group was the only group that had significantly lower scores in the physical subscale (p<0.001) than the controls. CONCLUSION: Children and adolescents with surgically corrected CHD show losses in quality of life in total and school scores compared to healthy controls. The tetralogy of Fallot group was the only CHD group that had significantly lower physical score than the controls.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/psicologia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia
15.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(7): 895-905.e2, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Baby Heart Study (CBHS) is a population-based cohort study of neonates (N = 25,000), including echocardiography. Echocardiography in neonates is mainly focused on congenital heart disease (CHD), whereas general aspects of cardiac dimensions and function in neonates without CHD remain to be further addressed. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the reliability of neonatal echocardiography and validity of echocardiographic methods used in the CBHS. METHODS: Reliability and agreement were tested for two-dimensional (2D), M-mode, spectral Doppler, and tissue velocity echocardiography for the following. (1) Measurements: seven sonographers independently performed two measurement rounds: (a) measurement of the same 50 echocardiograms (n = 350 echocardiograms measured) and (b) repeated measurement of 25 of the 50 echocardiograms (n = 175 echocardiograms measured). (2) Acquisition: four sonographers independently performed two rounds of echocardiographic acquisition and subsequent measurement of the same 22 neonates (n = 176 acquisitions and measures). Intra- and interobserver variabilities were assessed by determinations of coefficient of variation (CV), intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), Bland-Altman plot, and 95% limits of agreement. RESULTS: (1) Measurements: we found intra- and interobserver ICC ≥ 0.67 for 2D parameters, except for left ventricular (LV) wall thicknesses and LV diameter (interobserver); ICC ≥ 0.84 for tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE); ICC ≥ 0.93 for pulsed-wave Doppler (PW); ICC ≥ 0.84 for continuous-wave Doppler; and ICC ≥ 0.87 for tissue velocity parameters. We found CV < 15% for all parameters except LV wall thicknesses. (2) Acquisition: we found intra- and interobserver ICC ≥ 0.69 for 2D parameters, except for LV wall thicknesses, aortic valve annulus (interobserver), and LV end-systolic diameter (interobserver); ICC = 0.45-0.49 for TAPSE; ICC = 0.48-0.64 for PW; and ICC ≥ 0.70 for continuous wave. We found CV < 15% for all parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Reliability of echocardiographic measurements and acquisition of cardiac dimensions and function were good for most parameters but lower for TAPSE (acquisition) and PW Doppler (acquisition) and poor for LV wall thicknesses. In general, echocardiography of cardiac dimensions and function in the neonate is reliable.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 93-99, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major congenital heart diseases (CHD) often demand intervention in the neonatal period. Prenatal diagnosis may improve mortality by eliminating the diagnostic delay; however, there is controversy concerning its true effect. We aimed to evaluate the effect of general prenatal screening on prognosis by comparing a period without general prenatal screening to a period with general prenatal screening. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide retrospective study including live born children and terminated fetuses diagnosed with major CHD. Prenatal screening was recommended only in high risk pregnancies between 1996 and 2004, whereas general prenatal screening was recommended between 2005 and 2013. We assessed the influence of general prenatal screening on all-cause mortality, cardiac death, preoperative and postoperative 30-day mortality and complication rate. RESULTS: 1-year mortality decreased over both periods, but the decrease was greater in the screening period (Odds ratio 0.92 (CI 0.83-1.00), p = 0.047). Prenatal detection of major CHD was associated with cardiac death in the period without general screening (Hazard Ratio 2.40 (CI 1.72-3.33), p < 0.001), whereas there was no significant association once general screening was implemented. Similarly, the association between prenatal diagnosis and pre- and postoperative mortality found in the period without general screening was insignificant after the implementation of general screening. CONCLUSION: Mortality in major CHD decreased throughout the study, especially in the period with general prenatal screening. However, comparing a prenatally diagnosed group with a postnatally diagnosed group is vulnerable to selection bias and proper interpretation is difficult.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(8): 721-730, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided revascularization compared with culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on infarct size, left ventricular (LV), function, LV remodeling, and the presence of nonculprit infarctions. BACKGROUND: Patients with STEMI with multivessel disease might have improved clinical outcomes after complete revascularization compared with PCI of the infarct-related artery only, but the impact on infarct size, LV function, and remodeling as well as the risk for periprocedural infarction are unknown. METHODS: In this substudy of the DANAMI-3 (Third Danish Trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction)-PRIMULTI (Primary PCI in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease: Treatment of Culprit Lesion Only or Complete Revascularization) randomized trial, patients with STEMI with multivessel disease were randomized to receive either complete FFR-guided revascularization or PCI of the culprit vessel only. The patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during index admission and at 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients (136 patients with infarct-related and 144 with complete FFR-guided revascularization) were included. There were no differences in final infarct size (median 12% [interquartile range: 5% to 19%] vs. 11% [interquartile range: 4% to 18%]; p = 0.62), myocardial salvage index (median 0.71 [interquartile range: 0.54 to 0.89] vs. 0.66 [interquartile range: 0.55 to 0.87]; p = 0.49), LV ejection fraction (mean 58 ± 9% vs. 59 ± 9%; p = 0.39), and LV end-systolic volume remodeling (mean 7 ± 22 ml vs. 7 ± 19 ml; p = 0.63). New nonculprit infarction occurring after the nonculprit intervention was numerically more frequent among patients treated with complete revascularization (6 [4.5%] vs. 1 [0.8%]; p = 0.12). CONCLUSIONS: Complete FFR-guided revascularization in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease did not affect final infarct size, LV function, or remodeling compared with culprit-only PCI.

18.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(11 Pt 1): 2168-2178, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the incidence and long-term prognostic importance of multiple myocardial scars in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in a large contemporary cohort of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with STEMI may have multiple infarctions/scars caused by multiple culprit lesions, previous myocardial infarction (MI) or procedure-related MI due to nonculprit interventions. However, the incidence, long-term prognosis, and distribution of causes of multiple myocardial scars remain unknown. METHODS: CMR was performed in 704 patients with STEMI 1 day after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and again 3 months later. Myocardial scars were assessed by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). T2-weighted technique was used to differentiate acute from chronic infarctions. The presence of multiple scars was defined as scars located in different coronary territories. The combined endpoints of all-cause mortality and hospitalization for heart failure were assessed at 39 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 31 to 48 months). RESULTS: At 3 months, 59 patients (8.4%) had multiple scars. Of these, multiple culprits in STEMI were detected in 7 patients (1%), and development of a second nonculprit scar at follow-up occurred in 10 patients (1.4%). The most frequent cause of multiple scars was a chronic scar in the nonculprit myocardium. The presence of multiple scars was independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and hospitalization for heart failure (hazard ratio: 2.7; 95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 6.8; p = 0.037). CONCLUSIONS: Multiple scars were present in 8.4% of patients with STEMI and were independently associated with an increased risk of long-term morbidity and mortality. The presence of multiple myocardial scars on CMR may serve as a useful tool in risk stratification of patients following STEMI. (DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients With ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction [DANAMI-3]; NCT01435408) (Primary PCI in Patients With ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease: Treatment of Culprit Lesion Only or Complete Revascularization [PRIMULTI]; NCT01960933).

19.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 79(4): 238-246, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889989

RESUMO

Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is associated with a poor prognosis even in absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. CMD can be assessed as a myocardial blood flow reserve by positron emission tomography (PETMBFR) and as coronary flow velocity reserve by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDECFVR). Impaired first-pass perfusion assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is an early sign of ischemia. We aimed to investigate the association between CMD and CMR first-pass perfusion. Women (n = 66) with angina pectoris and an invasive coronary angiogram (<50% stenosis) were assessed by TTDECFVR and in a subgroup of these (n = 54) also by PETMBFR. Semi-quantitative evaluation of first-pass perfusion at rest and adenosine stress was assessed by gadolinium CMR in all 66 women. Four measures of CMR perfusion reserve were calculated using contrast upslope, maximal signal intensity and both indexed to arterial input. Mean (standard deviation) age was 62 (8) years. Median (interquartile range) TTDECFVR was 2.3 (1.8;2.7) and PETMBFR was 2.7 (2.2;3.1). Using a cut-off of 2.0 for TTDECFVR and 2.5 for PETMBFR, 25 (38%) and 21 (39%) had CMD, respectively. CMR myocardial perfusion reserve from contrast upslope (CMR_MPRupslope) showed moderate but significant correlation with PETMBFR (R = .46, p < .001) while none of the other CMR variables were associated with CMD. A CMR_MPRupslope cut-off of 0.78 identified CMD, area under the curve 0.73 (p = .001). The results indicate that CMR_MPRupslope may be associated to PETMBFR; a measure of CMD. Further research is needed to validate and implement the use of CMR first pass perfusion in this population.

20.
Heart ; 105(14): 1057-1062, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disease carrying a risk of death and chronic heart failure.It is unknown if women with PPCM have a family history of heart failure. We investigated the prevalence of heart failure and hypertension in first-degree relatives to women with PPCM. METHODS: A cohort of 61 women with PPCM was identified through the nationwide Danish registers from 2005 to 2014, and each individual diagnosis of PPCM was validated through review of patient records. We excluded 13 women due to lack of data on relatives. In a case-control design, the 48 remaining women were matched (on age, year of childbirth, parity and number of siblings) to 477 birth-giving Danish women without heart failure. We obtained information on first-degree relatives (parents and siblings) through the National Danish Registers. RESULTS: The cohort of 48 women with PPCM had a mean age of 31 years (SD 6). The prevalence of heart failure in any first-degree relative was higher in women with PPCM, compared with controls (23% vs 10%, p=0.011). A first-degree relative with any cardiovascular diagnosis was not more frequent in women with PPCM versus controls (77% vs 70%, p=0.280), but for siblings only, any cardiovascular diagnosis was more frequent in siblings to women with PPCM (29% vs 16%, p=0.026). CONCLUSION: Having a first-degree relative with heart failure was significantly more frequent in a cohort of validated PPCM cases than in controls, supporting the notion of shared aetiology between PPCM and other forms of heart failure.

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