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1.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784347

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether low-risk patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) should undergo echocardiogram. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of studies that enrolled patients with acute low-risk PE to assess the prognostic value of echocardiographic diagnosis of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction for the primary outcome of short-term all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcome of short-term PE-related mortality. We used a random-effects model to pool study results, a Begg rank correlation method to evaluate for publication bias, and I2 testing to assess heterogeneity. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included a total of 11 studies 1,868 patients with low-risk PE. Ten of the 447 (2.2%; 1.1%-4.1%) low-risk patients with echocardiographic RV dysfunction died soon after the diagnosis of PE compared with 10 of 1,421 (0.7%; 0.3-1.3%) patients without RV dysfunction. RV dysfunction was not significantly associated with short-term all-cause mortality (odds ratio 2.0; 95% confidence interval, 0.8-5.1, p=.14; I2=8%). RV dysfunction was significantly associated with short-term PE-related mortality (odds ratio 5.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-16, p <.01; I2=0%). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with low-risk PE, echocardiographic RV dysfunction is not associated with all-cause mortality, but identifies patients with an increased risk for short-term PE-related mortality.

6.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 32(2): 99-105, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1009538

RESUMO

El derrame pleural tiene una prevalencia mundial de aproximadamente 400 de cada 100.000 habitantes y Venezuela tiene cifras similares. Se relaciona con múltiples patologías, por lo que determinar sus características podría ayudar a obtener un mejor diagnóstico y tratamiento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de casos, retrospectivo y descriptivo, obteniendo información de las historias de pacientes hospitalizados con derrame pleural en el servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Dr. Domingo Luciani en el período Enero 2010- Abril 2015. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 49±19 años, género masculino (53%). Motivo de consulta: disnea (81%), dolor torácico (44%) y tos (37%). Los síntomas: disnea (92%), dolor pleurítico (58%) y fiebre (54%). Antecedentes personales: HTA (32%), DM (22%) e IC (20%). Radiografía de tórax: (60%) derrame pleural derecho y (26%) izquierdo. Tomografía de tórax realizada en (77%). Citoquímicos: (85%) exudado (53% mononuclear y 32% polimorfonucleares). La prueba de ADA positiva en 25%, cultivo para bacterias realizado en 89 casos, positivos 18%. Bloque celular con resultado inflamatorio (80%). Biopsia pleural realizada (22%): inflamatorio (36,4%), seguido por ADC metástasico (31,8%). Estancia hospitalaria > 15 días (76%) y el diagnóstico final fue infeccioso (51%). Conclusión: Contando con estos datos clínicos- epidemiológicos se puede caracterizar el comportamiento del derrame pleural en nuestro centro para el rápido y acertado diagnóstico, igualmente proponer una investigación prospectiva donde se analice el comportamiento de dicha enfermedad, y crear protocolos de actuación(AU)


Pleural effusion has a worldwide prevalence of approximately 400 per 100,000 inhabitants and Venezuela has similar statistics. It is related to multiple pathologies, which determine their characteristics which could help for better diagnosis and treatment. Methods: A retrospective descriptive case study was conducted, obtaining information from the charts of hospitalized patients with pleural effusion in Internal Medicine Dr. Domingo Luciani Hospital Venezuela in the period January 2010-April 2015. Results: Mean age 49 ± 19 years, male genre (53%). Complaints: dyspnea (81%), chest pain (44%) and cough (37%). Symptoms: dyspnea (92%), pleuritic pain (58%) and fever (54%). Personal history: hypertension (32%), DM (22%) and HF (20%). Chest x-ray: right pleural effusion (60%), left (26%). Chest tomography performed on (77%). Cytochemical: exudate: 85% (53% mononuclear and polymorphonuclear 32%). ADA testing positive in 25%. For bacteria culture: performed in 89 cases, 18% positive. Cell block inflammatory (80%). Pleural followed by metastatic ADC (31.8%). Hospital stay> 15 days (76%) and final diagnosis was infection (51%). Cause of discharge from hospital: improvement (80%). Conclusion: Having these clinical and epidemiological data can characterize the behavior of pleural effusion for quick and accurate diagnosis(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Derrame Pleural/epidemiologia , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Clínico , Medicina Interna
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