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1.
Int J Infect Dis ; 90: 226-233, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiology and burden of Q fever (QF) in Spain. METHODS: We designed a retrospective descriptive study using the minimum basic data set in patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 1998 and 2015 with a diagnosis of Q fever (ICD-9: 083.0.). RESULTS: We found 4214 hospitalized patients with a mean age (±SD) of 50.9±19.3 years. The male/female ratio was 3:1. The incidence rate was between 0.41 and 0.65 cases per 100,000 person-years over the 18-year period. The highest incidence of cases was from March to August (p=0.024). 21.1% patients had pneumonia, 17.5% had liver disease, and only 3.2% had endocarditis. The average hospital stay was 13.8 days (±12.8). A total of 117 (2.8%) patients died. The total mean cost of QF is approximately €154,232,779 (€36,600±139,422 per patient). CONCLUSIONS: QF is an important zoonosis in Spain with a stable incidence rate and high cost for hospitalization. Older patients have a more severe clinical picture and higher mortality, which can be decreased with early clinical suspicion.

2.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 114(1): 16-22, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex and neglected zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Eosinophilia in CE is a classic analytic alteration, although its presentation and importance is very variable and not well established. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of inpatients diagnosed with CE and eosinophilia from January 1998 to December 2017 in the Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Salamanca in western Spain. RESULTS: During the study period, 475 patients with a CE diagnosis underwent a haemogram and 118 (24.8%) patients had eosinophilia. Eighty-two (69.5%) were male and the mean age was 52.1±20.8 y, which was younger in the group with eosinophilia (p<0.001). The patients with eosinophilia had less comorbidity (33.1% vs 52.9%; p<0.001) and they were diagnosed with more complications (60.2% vs 39.8% asymptomatic; p<0.001). Clinical manifestations appeared in 71 cases (60.2%). The eosinophilia was related to the presence of pre-surgical fistulas (p=0.005). We observed significant differences when considering whether eosinophilia is a marker of the type of treatment (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Eosinophilia can be an indicator for an active search in CE because as much as 40% of cases are asymptomatic at diagnosis. In patients with eosinophilia, management is usually more aggressive and is usually a combined treatment. Our work shows the importance of eosinophilia in our patients with CE and raises unresolved questions.

3.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 101(3): 628-635, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359859

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex, and overlooked zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. In humans, it may result in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations depending on the type of complications, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. The primary complications and risk factors associated with CE are not well defined. We performed a retrospective, observational study of inpatients diagnosed with CE from January 1998 to December 2017 in the public health-care system of western Spain. Five hundred and six cases were analyzed. More than half of the patients (302 [59.7%]) were asymptomatic, and the diagnoses were made incidentally. A total of 204 (40.3%) patients had complications associated with CE; 97 (47.5%) were mechanical, 62 (30.4%) were infectious, 15 (7.3%) were immunoallergic, and 30 (14.7%) involved a combination of complications. Mortality was higher in patients with mechanical complications (9.4%) than in patients with infectious complications (5.6%) and in patients with allergic complications (0%) (odds ratio = 19.7, 95% CI, 4.3-89.1, P < 0.001). In summary, CE frequently results in complications, especially in the liver in younger patients and, regardless of other variables, such as size or stage of cyst. Mechanical problems and superinfection are the most frequent complications. CE is an obligatory diagnosis in patients with urticarial or anaphylactoid reactions of unknown cause in endemic areas.

4.
Int J Infect Dis ; 85: 108-110, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163270

RESUMO

Tuberculosis of the chest wall represents less than 5% of cases of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. We present the case of a patient with a cold abscess in the pectoral region due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A 29-year-old male of Senegalese origin reported a progressive increase in size of the right hemi-thorax without trauma or previous effort. A liquid collection of 14cm on the major axis, between the pectoralis major muscle and the costal wall, was demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging. Surgical debridement revealed a marked granulomatous inflammatory reaction with focal necrosis; PCR was positive for M. tuberculosis complex and culture subsequently grew M. tuberculosis complex. Specific treatment for tuberculosis achieved a good clinical outcome. The diagnosis of tuberculosis of the chest wall is always difficult, being a clinical challenge.


Assuntos
Abscesso/diagnóstico , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Parede Torácica , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Abscesso/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso/cirurgia , Adulto , Desbridamento , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Tuberculose/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose/cirurgia
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 18(1): 306, 2018 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a well-known neglected parasitic disease. However, evidence supporting the four current treatment modalities is inadequate, and treatment options remain controversial. The aim of this work is to analyse the available data to answer clinical questions regarding medical treatment of CE. METHODS: A thorough electronic search of the relevant literature without language restrictions was carried out using PubMed (Medline), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, BioMed, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and Cochrane Plus databases up to February 1, 2017. All descriptive studies reporting an assessment of CE treatment and published in a peer-reviewed journal with available full-text were considered for a qualitative analysis. Randomized controlled trials were included in a quantitative meta-analysis. We used the standard methodological procedures established by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. RESULTS: We included 33 studies related to the pharmacological treatment of CE in humans. Of these, 22 studies with levels of evidence 2 to 4 were qualitatively analysed, and 11 randomized controlled trials were quantitatively analysed by meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment outcomes are better when surgery or PAIR (Puncture, Aspiration, Injection of protoscolicidal agent and Reaspiration) is combined with benzimidazole drugs given pre- and/or post-operation. Albendazole chemotherapy was found to be the primary pharmacological treatment to consider in the medical management of CE. Nevertheless, combined treatment with albendazole plus praziquantel resulted in higher scolicidal and anti-cyst activity and was more likely to result in cure or improvement relative to albendazole alone.


Assuntos
Albendazol/uso terapêutico , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Equinococose/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Negligenciadas/tratamento farmacológico , Praziquantel/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Equinococose/cirurgia , Humanos , Doenças Negligenciadas/parasitologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 112(5): 207-215, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29897552

RESUMO

Background: Management options for cystic echinococcosis (CE) remain a serious problem. The main aim of this study was to examine the selection and complications of treatment applied in patients with CE. The second aim was to evaluate the mortality rate and causative factors. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with CE between 1998 and 2015 was conducted, according to ICD-9 (code 122·0 to 122·9) criteria in the Complejo Asistencial Universitario of Salamanca, Spain. Results: Four-hundred-ninety-one (491) patients were diagnosed with CE disease and the treatment applied in these patients were: 166 (33.8%) patients received only surgery, 176 (35.8%) surgery and drugs, 17 (3.5%) drugs alone, in 131 (26.7%) patients the strategy was 'watch and wait', and only one patient (0.2%) was applied puncture-aspiration-injection-respiration (PAIR). Thus, a total of 342 patients received surgery, either alone (166) or combined with drugs (176), and a total of 193 (39.4%) patients were medically treated, either alone (17) or combined with surgery (176); 123 (63.7%) patients used albendazole alone; and 70 (36.3%) patients used a combination of albendazole and praziquantel. Sixty-five patients (19.0%) had complications after surgery and seven of them (2%) died. Only 15 (7.8%) cases had side effects from anthelmintics. Throughout the study period, 80 (16.3%) patients died, 14 (2.9%) of them due to CE disease. Conclusions: Complications of CE are one of the most common causes of mortality in CE patients, with size, location, and number of cysts, and the 'watch and wait' treatment strategy being the main factors associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Cistos/terapia , Equinococose/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Albendazol/uso terapêutico , Animais , Protocolos Clínicos , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Cistos/parasitologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Equinococose/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Praziquantel/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Conduta Expectante
7.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198582, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are serious mucocutaneous reactions. In Spain, the epidemiology and resulting expenses of these diseases are not well established. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective descriptive study using the Minimum Basic Data Set (CMBD in Spanish) in patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 2010 and 2015 with a diagnosis of SJS and TEN (combination of ICD-9 codes 695.13, 695.14, and 695.15, along with length of hospital stay). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 1,468 patients were recorded, 773 were men (52.7%). The mean age (± SD) was 52.25 ± 26.15 years. The mean incidence rate for all diagnoses was 5.19 cases per million person-years (2.96 in SJS, 0.31 in SJS/TEN and 1.90 in TEN). 148 patients died (10.1%), 47 due to SJS (5.6%) and 90 (16.7%) due to TEN. The estimated total medical cost of SJS, SJS/TEN, and TEN in Spain was €11.576.456,18, and the average medical cost per patient was €7.885,86 ± €11.686,26, higher medical cost in TEN (€10352.46 ± €16319,93) than in SJS (€6340,05 ± €7078,85) (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older patients have a more severe clinical picture and higher mortality rates. The overall mortality of both diseases is approximately 10%, and clinical diagnosis and age were the variables with the greatest influence on mortality. This study describes a stable incidence and a similar prevalence to other European countries. Additionally, the data show a high cost due to hospitalizations. Finally, the CMBD could be a good system of epidemiological analysis for the study of infrequent diseases and hospital management of conditions such as SJS and TEN.


Assuntos
Gastos em Saúde , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/economia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-171416

RESUMO

In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections. Preventive aspects of infectious diseases and infections imported by immigrants are explicitly excluded here, since they have been dealt with in other SEIMC documents. Various types of professionals (clinicians, microbiologists, and parasitologists) have helped produce this consensus document by evaluating the available evidence-based data in order to propose a series of key facts about individual aspects of the topic. The first section of the document is a summary of some of the general aspects concerning the general assessment of travelers who return home with potential infections. The main second section contains the key facts (causative agents, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic measures) associated with the major infectious syndromes affecting returned travelers [gastrointestinal syndrome (acute or persistent diarrhea); febrile syndrome with no obvious source of infection; localized cutaneous lesions; and respiratory infections]. Finally, the characteristics of special traveler subtypes, such as pregnant women and immunocompromised travelers, are described (AU)


En el mundo global, el conocimiento de las enfermedades infecciosas importadas es esencial en la práctica diaria, tanto para el microbiólogo-parasitólogo como para el clínico en enfermedades infecciosas que atiende a viajeros internacionales. Entre los destinos turísticos más visitados se encuentran muchos países tropicales o subtropicales, donde el riesgo de contraer una enfermedad infecciosa es más elevado. La SEIMC ha considerado pertinente la elaboración de un documento de consenso que sirva de ayuda tanto a médicos de Atención Primaria como a especialistas en Medicina Interna, Enfermedades Infecciosas y Medicina Tropical que atienden a viajeros que regresan con infecciones tras un viaje a zonas tropicales y subtropicales. Se han excluido de forma explícita los aspectos de prevención de estas y las infecciones importadas por inmigrantes, objeto de otros documentos de la SEIMC. Varios tipos de profesionales (clínicos, microbiólogos y parasitólogos) han desarrollado este documento de consenso tras evaluar los datos disponibles basados en la evidencia para proponer una serie de datos clave acerca de este aspecto. Inicialmente se revisan los aspectos generales acerca de la evaluación general del viajero que regresa con una potencial infección. En un segundo bloque se señalan los datos clave (agentes causales, procedimientos diagnósticos y medidas terapéuticas) de los síndromes infecciosos principales en el viajero que regresa (síndrome gastrointestinal (diarrea aguda o persistente), síndrome febril sin foco aparente, lesiones cutáneas localizadas e infecciones respiratorias). Finalmente se describen las características en viajeros especiales como la viajera embarazada y el viajero inmunodeprimido (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Consenso , Eosinofilia/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Microbiologia , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Saúde do Viajante , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração
9.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 36(3): 187-193, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28396090

RESUMO

In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections. Preventive aspects of infectious diseases and infections imported by immigrants are explicitly excluded here, since they have been dealt with in other SEIMC documents. Various types of professionals (clinicians, microbiologists, and parasitologists) have helped produce this consensus document by evaluating the available evidence-based data in order to propose a series of key facts about individual aspects of the topic. The first section of the document is a summary of some of the general aspects concerning the general assessment of travelers who return home with potential infections. The main second section contains the key facts (causative agents, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic measures) associated with the major infectious syndromes affecting returned travelers [gastrointestinal syndrome (acute or persistent diarrhea); febrile syndrome with no obvious source of infection; localized cutaneous lesions; and respiratory infections]. Finally, the characteristics of special traveler subtypes, such as pregnant women and immunocompromised travelers, are described.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/terapia , Humanos , Viagem
10.
Int Health ; 9(5): 294-300, 2017 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28911127

RESUMO

Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems. Methods: We prospectively evaluated immigrants younger than 18 years of age, from tropical or subtropical areas, who were referred on suspicion of or screening for imported diseases. Detailed medical records and physical and oral examinations were obtained. Blood count and biochemical measures of micronutrients and nutritional biomarkers were performed. We included microbiological methods for diagnosing imported infectious diseases according to the region of origin and clinical setting. Results: 373 minors were evaluated, including 250 (67.0%) from sub-Saharan Africa, 67 (18.0%) from North Africa and 56 (15.0%) from Latin America. The mean BMI of the subjects was 19.8±0.2. BMI increased by 0.02 for each month of stay in Spain. Nineteen patients (6.8%) had a nutritional risk of growth problems, and 50 (17.8%) were overweight. The time since arrival was longer in patients who were overweight (p<0.05). Twenty-one minors (5.7%) had a haemoglobin count less than 11.5 g/dL. Children infected with intestinal helminthiasis had anaemia more frequently than uninfected patients, and children infected with intestinal protozoa had anaemia more frequently than uninfected patients (OR=2.7 I.C 1.1-7.0, p<0.05). Conclusions: Immigrant children in Spain have a low prevalence of growth problem, and being overweight is a frequent nutritional issue. A low level of ferritin is the most frequently detected nutritional problem and the main cause of anaemia.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha
11.
Korean J Fam Med ; 38(4): 226-228, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28775813

RESUMO

A 39-year-old Caucasian man was referred to University Hospital Salamanca from a primary care unit due to the presence of an erythematous violaceous nodule at the superior portion of his nose. Physical examination indicated that the firm, fixed erythematous violaceous nodule measured approximately 2 cm in diameter and was located inferior to a scar on the nasal bridge. Cutaneous involvement in sarcoidosis occurs in 25% of cases. A wide range of clinical presentations of cutaneous sarcoidosis is recognized. Skin lesions are classified as either non-specific, of which erythema nodosum is the most representative and specific, or as granulomatous, which includes maculopapular nodules, plaques, infiltrated scars, lupus pernio, ulcerations, warty lesions and erythroderma. Scar sarcoidosis is a type of cutaneous sarcoidosis.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 17(1): 455, 2017 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28655301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a chronic, complex and neglected zoonotic disease. CE occurs worldwide. In humans, it may result in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. Clinical management procedures have evolved over decades without adequate evaluation. Despite advances in surgical techniques and the use of chemotherapy, recurrence remains one of the major problems in the management of hydatid disease. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of CE recurrence and the risk factors involved in recurrence. METHODS: A descriptive longitudinal-retrospective study was designed. We reviewed all patients diagnosed with CE according to ICD-9 (code 122-0 to 122-9) criteria admitted at Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Salamanca, Spain, between January 1998 and December 2015. RESULTS: Among the 217 patients studied, 25 (11.5%) had a hydatid recurrence after curative intention treatment. Median duration of recurrence's diagnosis was 12.35 years (SD: ±9.31). The likelihood of recurrence was higher [OR = 2.7; 95% CI, 1.1-7.1; p < 0.05] when the cyst was located in organs other than liver and lung, 22.6% (7/31) vs 14.2% (31/217) in the cohort. We detected a chance of recurrence [OR = 2.3; 95% CI, 1.4-6.5; p > 0.05] that was two times higher in those patients treated with a combination of antihelminthic treatments and surgical intervention (20/141, 14.2%) than in patients treated with surgical intervention alone (5/76, 6.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite advances in diagnosis and therapeutic techniques in hydatid disease, recurrence remains one of the major problems in the management of hydatid disease. The current management and treatment of recurrences is still largely based on expert opinion and moderate-to-poor quality of evidence. Consequently, large prospective and multicenter studies will be needed to provide definitive recommendations for its clinical management.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Equinococose/tratamento farmacológico , Equinococose/etiologia , Equinococose/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
13.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 35(1): 27-32, ene. 2017. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-160158

RESUMO

Introduction: In Spain, minors represent approximately 20% of the immigration flow. Many of these immigrants come from countries in the tropics and sub-tropics where intestinal parasitic infections caused by helminths and protozoa are one of the major causes of human disease. The main objective of the present work was to describe parasite infections in a group of immigrant children. Methods: A prospective evaluation was performed in 373 minors from Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and Latin America. Details were collected from the medical records and physical examination. Urine, stool and peripheral blood samples were obtained for serological and routine laboratory tests. Direct and indirect parasitological tests were also performed. Results: At least 1 parasitic disease was diagnosed in 176 (47.1%) immigrant children, while 77 (20.6%) minors were infected with two or more parasites. The number of parasites was highest in children from Sub-Saharan Africa compared with the rest of the areas of origin (p<.001), and in children from urban areas compared with those from rural areas (OR 1.27 [1.059–1.552], p=.011). The most frequent causes of multiple parasite infection were filariasis plus strongyloidiasis and filariasis plus schistosomiasis. Intestinal parasite infection was diagnosed in 38 cases (13.8%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that for each month of stay, the probability of a positive finding in the stool sample decreased by 0.02% [β=−0.020, (p=.07)]. Conclusions: The high infection rates of parasite diseases in immigrant children point to the need for screening protocols for certain infectious diseases in these children according to their country of origin and their length of residence in Spain (AU)


Introducción: En España, los menores representan aproximadamente el 20% del flujo migratorio. Muchos de estos menores provienen de regiones tropicales y subtropicales donde las infecciones por helmintos y protozoos son una de las principales causas de morbilidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las infecciones parasitarias presentes en un colectivo de menores inmigrantes. Métodos: Se evaluaron prospectivamente 373 menores procedentes de África subsahariana, África del Norte y Latinoamérica. Se realizó una historia clínica detallada. Se obtuvieron muestras de sangre periférica, orina y heces para la realización de los diferentes análisis bioquímicos, serológicos y parasitológicos directos e indirectos. Resultados: En 176 (47,1%) menores se diagnosticó al menos una enfermedad parasitaria. En 77 (20,6%) menores se detectaron 2 o más parásitos. En los niños de África subsahariana el número de parásitos fue mayor comparado el resto de orígenes (p<0,001). Los menores de zonas urbanas tenían más parásitos comparado con los niños de zonas rurales (OR 1,27 [1059-1552], p=0,011). Las causas más frecuentes de parasitación múltiple fueron filariosis más estrongiloidosis y filariosis más esquistosomiasis. Se diagnosticó parasitosis intestinal en 38 casos (13,8%). El análisis de regresión logística reveló que por cada mes de estancia, la probabilidad de un resultado positivo en las heces disminuía un 0,02% [β=−0,020 (p=0,07)]. Conclusión: Las altas tasas de infección parasitaria en niños inmigrantes señala la necesidad de una detección protocolizada de estas enfermedades según el país de origen y el tiempo de residencia en España (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Doenças Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Parasitárias/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia
14.
Paediatr Int Child Health ; 37(1): 42-45, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26750778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immigrants to Spain are mainly from low- and middle-income countries, and around 20% are children. Absolute eosinophilia is defined as >0.45×109 eosinophilic leucocytes/L of peripheral blood. Absolute eosinophilia in travelers and immigrants from tropical and sub-tropical areas is frequently associated with parasitic diseases. However, the significance of relative eosinophilia in immigrant children, defined as >5% eosinophilic leucocytes in those with <0.45×109 eosinophils/L, is unresolved. OBJECTIVES: To describe the importance of relative eosinophilia in a cohort of immigrant children (<18 years) from sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Latin America. METHODS: 176 immigrant children without absolute eosinophilia were prospectively evaluated. RESULTS: 25 of them (14.2%) had relative eosinophilia. 10 patients with relative eosinophilia had no diagnosis. 15 with relative eosinophilia (60%) were diagnosed with a parasitic disease, 7 (46.7%) of whom had only one parasite, while co-infection accounted for 8 of the 15 cases (53.3%). Of the parasitic infections, the most frequent causes of relative eosinophilia were filariasis spp. (7/15, 46.7%), strongyloides spp. (5/15, 33.3%), schistosoma spp. (4/15, 26.6%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (2/15, 13.3%). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that relative eosinophilia is frequently associated with helminthic infection in immigrant children from tropical and sub-tropical areas, so a thorough parasitological study is highly advisable in this group of patients.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Eosinofilia/etiologia , Helmintíase/complicações , Helmintíase/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
15.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 35(1): 27-32, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27156246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In Spain, minors represent approximately 20% of the immigration flow. Many of these immigrants come from countries in the tropics and sub-tropics where intestinal parasitic infections caused by helminths and protozoa are one of the major causes of human disease. The main objective of the present work was to describe parasite infections in a group of immigrant children. METHODS: A prospective evaluation was performed in 373 minors from Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and Latin America. Details were collected from the medical records and physical examination. Urine, stool and peripheral blood samples were obtained for serological and routine laboratory tests. Direct and indirect parasitological tests were also performed. RESULTS: At least 1 parasitic disease was diagnosed in 176 (47.1%) immigrant children, while 77 (20.6%) minors were infected with two or more parasites. The number of parasites was highest in children from Sub-Saharan Africa compared with the rest of the areas of origin (p<.001), and in children from urban areas compared with those from rural areas (OR 1.27 [1.059-1.552], p=.011). The most frequent causes of multiple parasite infection were filariasis plus strongyloidiasis and filariasis plus schistosomiasis. Intestinal parasite infection was diagnosed in 38 cases (13.8%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that for each month of stay, the probability of a positive finding in the stool sample decreased by 0.02% [ß=-0.020, (p=.07)]. CONCLUSIONS: The high infection rates of parasite diseases in immigrant children point to the need for screening protocols for certain infectious diseases in these children according to their country of origin and their length of residence in Spain.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Enteropatias Parasitárias/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento , Adolescente , África ao Sul do Saara/etnologia , África do Norte/etnologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina/etnologia , Masculino , Pobreza , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha
17.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 34(4): 232-236, abr. 2016. mapas, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-151988

RESUMO

Introducción: La hidatidosis humana es una zoonosis con distribución cosmopolita. Todavía constituye un importante problema de salud pública en muchas regiones del mundo, incluida la cuenca mediterránea. La situación epidemiológica actual no es conocida en ciertas regiones de España. El objetivo de este trabajo es renovar los datos epidemiológicos de la hidatidosis en pacientes hospitalizados en el sistema público de salud de Extremadura. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo longitudinal y retrospectivo de pacientes hospitalizados con diagnóstico de hidatidosis (códigos CIE 122.0-122.9) en centros sanitarios del sistema público de salud de Extremadura durante el periodo 2003-2012. Resultados: Se incluyeron 876 pacientes con diagnóstico de hidatidosis; 536 (61%) fueron varones, con una edad media de 65,5 ± 17,8; 19 casos (2,2%) fueron menores de 19 años: 17 (89,47%) casos entre los años 2003-2007 versus 2 casos entre 2008-2012 (OR = 7,83; IC 95%: 1,79-34,11; p = 0,001). Un total de 141 (16,0%) eran menores de 45 años. El diagnóstico primario fue más frecuente en menores de 45 años y el diagnóstico secundario más frecuente en mayores de 70 años (p < 0,05). La tasa de incidencia fue mayor a través del registro de pacientes hospitalizados (8,02 casos por 105 personas-año) respecto al sistema de declaración obligatoria de enfermedades (1,88 casos por 105 personas-año), p < 0,05. Conclusión: En Extremadura la hidatidosis es todavía frecuente, con una clara disminución en el número de casos pediátricos. El número de casos obtenidos mediante los registros de pacientes hospitalizados respecto al sistema de notificación de enfermedades de Extremadura sugieren la necesidad de modificaciones que mejoren la vigilancia y el control de la hidatidosis (AU)


Introduction: Echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection with a worldwide distribution, and is still an important health problem in many areas of the world, including the Mediterranean basin. At present the epidemiological situation is unclear in certain regions of Spain. The aim of this study was to update the epidemiological situation in Extremadura through an analysis of hospitalised patients in the public health system diagnosed with hydatid disease. Methods: A longitudinal retrospective study was conducted between 2003 and 2012 on hospitalised patients with a diagnosis of hydatidosis (ICD 122.0-122.9) in hospitals of the public health service of Extremadura. Results: During the period of study, 876 patients were diagnosed with hydatid disease. Of these 536 (61%) of cases were male, with a mean age of 65.53 ± 17.8 years. More importantly, 19 (2.2%) of patients were 19 years old, with 17 cases between 2003-2007 versus 2 cases between 2008-2012 (OR = 7.83; 95% CI: 1.79-34.11; P = .001). A total of 141 (16.0%) were younger than 45 years. The primary diagnosis was most frequently reported in the younger population < 45 years, whereas the secondary diagnosis was usually found in the elderly population > 70 years (P < .05). The incidence rate of hydatid disease obtained from Hospital Discharge Records (HDRs) was significantly higher compared to the incidence that was declared in the Notifiable Disease System of Extremadura (8.02 cases per 105 person-years vs. 1.88 cases per 105 person-years [P < .05]). Conclusion: In Extremadura hydatid disease is still frequent. With a clear decrease in the number of paediatric cases. The number of cases obtained from HDRs regarding Notification System Diseases Extremadura suggests the need for modifications to improve surveillance and control of hydatid disease (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 34(4): 232-6, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26220501

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection with a worldwide distribution, and is still an important health problem in many areas of the world, including the Mediterranean basin. At present the epidemiological situation is unclear in certain regions of Spain. The aim of this study was to update the epidemiological situation in Extremadura through an analysis of hospitalised patients in the public health system diagnosed with hydatid disease. METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective study was conducted between 2003 and 2012 on hospitalised patients with a diagnosis of hydatidosis (ICD 122.0-122.9) in hospitals of the public health service of Extremadura. RESULTS: During the period of study, 876 patients were diagnosed with hydatid disease. Of these 536 (61%) of cases were male, with a mean age of 65.53±17.8 years. More importantly, 19 (2.2%) of patients were 19 years old, with 17 cases between 2003-2007 versus 2 cases between 2008-2012 (OR=7.83; 95%CI: 1.79-34.11; P=.001). A total of 141 (16.0%) were younger than 45 years. The primary diagnosis was most frequently reported in the younger population <45 years, whereas the secondary diagnosis was usually found in the elderly population >70 years (P<.05). The incidence rate of hydatid disease obtained from Hospital Discharge Records (HDRs) was significantly higher compared to the incidence that was declared in the Notifiable Disease System of Extremadura (8.02 cases per 10(5) person-years vs. 1.88 cases per 10(5) person-years [P<.05]). CONCLUSION: In Extremadura hydatid disease is still frequent. With a clear decrease in the number of paediatric cases. The number of cases obtained from HDRs regarding Notification System Diseases Extremadura suggests the need for modifications to improve surveillance and control of hydatid disease.


Assuntos
Equinococose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
19.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 110(11): 664-669, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28115684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Spain, 12% of the population are immigrants. The impact of immigration in Spain on cystic echinococcosis (CE) is unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of CE in immigrants in western Spain. METHODS: First, a retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with CE in the University Hospital of Salamanca (CAUSA) between January 1998 and December 2014 was designed. Second, we studied the seroprevalence of CE in sera from foreigners who received treatment in the Tropical Medicine Unit. RESULTS: A total of 550 patients with new CE-related diagnoses were registered; of these, 16 (2.9%) were immigrants, of whom 10 (63%) were male. The age (mean±SD) was 34.6±12.8 years. The incidence rate of CE in immigrants was 8.76 cases per 105 person-years. Eight (50%) cases presented asymptomatically. Seroprevalence of CE in foreign patients was 2.3%. It was higher in North African population (4.2%), followed by sub-Saharan (2.4%) and Latin American (1.8%) (p=0.592) populations. The seroprevalence was higher in those who arrived recently (<12 months) vs those who arrived earlier (≥12 months), 3.5% vs 1.3% (p=0.077). CONCLUSIONS: The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of CE in immigrants are different than those of the native population, and their influence on CE burden in our endemic area is still limited.

20.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 9(10): e0004154, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an important health problem in many areas of the world including the Mediterranean region. However, the real CE epidemiological situation is not well established. In fact, it is possible that CE is a re-emerging disease due to the weakness of current control programs. METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective observational study of inpatients diagnosed with CE from January 2000 to December 2012 in the Western Spain Public Health-Care System. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: During the study period, 5510 cases of CE were diagnosed and 3161 (57.4%) of the cases were males. The age mean and standard deviation were 67.8 ± 16.98 years old, respectively, and 634 patients (11.5%) were younger than 45 years old. A total of 1568 patients (28.5%) had CE as the primary diagnosis, and it was most frequently described in patients <45 years old. Futhermore, a secondary diagnosis of CE was usually found in patients >70 year old associated with other causes of comorbidity. The period incidence rate was 17 cases per 105 person-years and was significantly higher when compared to the incidence declared through the Notifiable Disease System (1.88 cases per 105 person-years; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CE in western Spain is an underestimated parasitic disease. It has an active transmission, with an occurrence in pediatric cases, but has decreased in the recent years. The systematic search of Hospital Discharge Records of the National Health System Register (HDR) may be a more accurate method than other methods for the estimation of the incidence of CE in endemic areas.


Assuntos
Equinococose/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Região do Mediterrâneo/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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