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1.
Infectio ; 23(supl.1): 97-106, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984513

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Estimar las frecuencias de mutaciones y de polimorfismos adicionales asociados con resistencia a los fármacos inhibidores de la integrasa del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana tipo 1 (VIH-1). Metodología: Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, en individuos VIH-1 positivos de la ciudad de Medellín, quienes no habían recibido tratamiento antirretroviral. En ellos se determinó, a través del método de 2-dideoxinucleótidos y el sistema ABI3730XL, la secuencia del gen de la integrasa del VIH-1 a partir del ARN viral circulante, la cual fue analizada en la base de datos de resistencia a medicamentos antirretrovirales de la Universidad de Stanford y según reportes de literatura científica. Resultados: Se encontraron las siguientes mutaciones (con sus respectivas frecuencias): una mutación mayor, E138K (1/46), tres mutaciones accesorias G163E (3/46), L74I (3/50) y E157Q (2/48), una mutación no polimórfica A128T (1/49) y otras dos mutaciones potencialmente asociadas con resistencia a inhibidores de integrasa S230N (9/39) y S119P/R/T (4/47, 2/47 y 14/47, respectivamente). Conclusiones: En las secuencias analizadas, llama la atención la presencia de al menos una mutación asociada a resistencia a inhibidores de integrasa en el 14% de los individuos estudiados, sugiriendo una pobre presión selectiva de este tipo de fármacos en la población viral circulante en la zona.


Abstract Aim: To estimate the frequencies of major and accessory mutations, as well as additional polymorphisms associated with resistance to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (VIH-1) integrase strand transfer inhibitors. Materials and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study, focused on HIV-1 positive individuals from Medellín, recruited between 2013 and 2015, and that had not received antiretroviral therapy. In these patients, the sequence from HIV-1 integrase was determined from circulating viral RNA through Sanger chain termination method with the ABI3730XL system, and the sequences were analyzed using the HIV Drug Resistance Database from the University of Stanford, together with previous literature reports. Results: The following mutations associated with resistance to integrase strand transfer inhibitors, along with its respective frequencies, were found: one major mutation, E138K (1/46), three accessory mutations, G163E (3/46), L74I (3/50) and E157Q (2/48); one non-polymorphic mutation, A128T (1/49); and two mutations potentially associated with resistance to integrase strand transfer inhibitors, S230N (9/39) and S119P/R/T (4/47, 2/47 and 14/47, respectively). Conclusions: In the sequences analyzed, it is noteworthy the presence of at least one mutation related with resistance to integrase inhibitors in 14% of the studied patients, suggesting a poor selective pressure of this kind of drugs in the circulating viral population in our region.

2.
J Infect ; 65(6): 549-58, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23085245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that statins may modify the immune response against HIV. The aim was to evaluate the antiretroviral and immunomodulatory effects of lovastatin in HIV-infected patients, naïve for antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, phase-II clinical trial. Primary outcomes were plasma viral load and circulating CD4+ T cell count, after 6 and 12 months of treatment; secondary outcomes were CD8+ T cell count, expression of activation markers (CD38 and HLA-DR) on T cells, and clinical outcomes. With a power of 90% to detect both a decrease of 0.3 log10 in plasma HIV-1 RNA copies and an increase of 20% in the CD4+ T cell count, we estimated a required sample size of 110 HIV-infected patients (55 per group). The results were analyzed by a model of repeated measurements using Generalized Estimating Equations. RESULTS: Patients were randomized to receive either lovastatin (n = 55) or placebo (n = 57). During the 12-month follow-up, there was no effect of lovastatin either on viral load (estimated average change = 0.157 copies/mL; CI 95% = -0.099 to 0.414), or on the CD4+ T cell count (estimated average change = -26.1 cells/µL; CI 95% = -89.8 to 37.6). Moreover, there were no significant differences in secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Daily administration of lovastatin (40 mg) for one year in HIV-infected patients, naïve for antiretroviral therapy, had no significant effect on HIV replication, the CD4+ T cell count, or the activation level of T cells. (www.clinicaltrials.gov; ID NCT00721305).


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Lovastatina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Relação CD4-CD8 , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Lovastatina/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
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