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1.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

2.
Haematologica ; 104(9): 1822-1829, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733272

RESUMO

Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration is characterized by pathological features and gene expression profile resembling those of Burkitt lymphoma but lacks the MYC rearrangement and carries an 11q-arm aberration with proximal gains and telomeric losses. Whether this lymphoma is a distinct category or a particular variant of other recognized entities is controversial. To improve the understanding of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration we performed an analysis of copy number alterations and targeted sequencing of a large panel of B-cell lymphoma-related genes in 11 cases. Most patients had localized nodal disease and a favorable outcome after therapy. Histologically, they were high grade B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (8 cases), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (2 cases) and only one was considered as atypical Burkitt lymphoma. All cases had a germinal center B-cell signature and phenotype with frequent LMO2 expression. The patients with Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration had frequent gains of 12q12-q21.1 and losses of 6q12.1-q21, and lacked common Burkitt lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma alterations. Potential driver mutations were found in 27 genes, particularly involving BTG2, DDX3X, ETS1, EP300, and GNA13 However, ID3, TCF3, or CCND3 mutations were absent in all cases. These results suggest that Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration is a germinal center-derived lymphoma closer to high-grade B-cell lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma than to Burkitt lymphoma.

3.
Transfusion ; 58(11): 2495-2500, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30291766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been established to treat graft-versus-host disease. Our mini ECP technique (mini-ECP) allows for treatment of patients with GVHD and contraindications for classical ECP or low body weight. The safety and efficacy of applying ECP for the long-term treatment of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) have not been described. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of mini-ECP treatments for children and adolescents with cGVHD was performed. Mini-ECP with 100 to 200 mL of whole blood was used to treat 14 patients. The median age at the start of treatment was 7 years (range, 1-17 years), and median body weight was 20 kg (range, 8-53 kg). A total of 703 mini-ECP treatments was performed. The median number of treatments per patient was 35 (range, 8-129), and median treatment duration was 11 months (range, 1.4-28.5 months). RESULTS: Mini-ECP was well tolerated. Four adverse events occurred in three patients, and two of them were related to the ECP procedure. Complete or partial responses were observed in 10 patients. Steroids were discontinued in seven patients and tapered in three others. Responses were seen in the skin, mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and eyes. CONCLUSION: Mini-ECP represents a less invasive ECP alternative for low-body-weight patients with cGVHD and contraindications for apheresis.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Fotoferese/métodos , Adolescente , Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos/métodos , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/dietoterapia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
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