Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 4 de 4
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619883619, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology's 0/1-hour algorithm improves the early triage of patients towards "rule-out" or "rule-in" of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The HEART score is a risk stratification tool for patients with undifferentiated chest pain. We sought to evaluate the performance of the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score to evaluate chest pain patients in the emergency department. METHODS: In this prospective study, we applied the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score in 1355 consecutive patients who presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation. Patients were followed for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions and major adverse cardiac events at 30 days: death, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, or unplanned coronary revascularization. RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm classified 921 (68.0%) patients as "rule-out" and the HEART score classified 686 (50.6%) patients as "low-risk". The 30-day incidence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions was 0.32% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 0.29% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p=0.75). The rate of major adverse cardiac events was 7.7% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 1.1% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm identified more patients with low risk of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions at 30 days whereas for major adverse cardiac events, the HEART score had a greater capacity to detect low-risk patients.

3.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 83(5): 435-439, oct. 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957657

RESUMO

Introducción: La evaluación de nuevas fuentes de energía para el tratamiento de la fibrilación auricular paroxística (FAP) es de gran interés clínico. La crioablación con catéter balón se presenta como una alternativa atractiva para los pacientes con FAP refractaria al tratamiento farmacológico. Objetivos: Describir la experiencia inicial llevada a cabo en nuestra institución desde noviembre de 2013 hasta mayo de 2015 con la utilización de la técnica de crioablación con catéter balón en pacientes con FAP y evaluar la seguridad, la eficacia y las características del procedimiento. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de un solo centro en el que se examinaron los 100 primeros casos consecutivos realizados con criobalón Arctic Front® de 28 mm (Medtronic, Inc.) desde noviembre de 2013 hasta mayo de 2015. Se definió éxito inmediato al aislamiento de la totalidad de las venas pulmonares. La recurrencia de fibrilación auricular se evaluó en el grupo de 72 pacientes que tuvieron un seguimiento de más de 6 meses. Resultados: La duración del procedimiento fue de 78,03 ± 19,84 minutos con un tiempo de fluoroscopia de 20,79 ± 11,91 minutos y una dosis de radiación total de 202,93 ± 81 mGy La tasa de éxito inmediato fue del 100%. La tasa de complicaciones fue del 1% a raíz de una parálisis diafragmática transitoria. En el seguimiento de los pacientes con más de 6 meses del procedimiento, la tasa libre de fibrilación auricular fue del 81,95%. Conclusiones: Nuestra experiencia inicial con crioablación resultó segura y eficaz, con una tasa de éxito inmediato elevada y una tasa de complicaciones baja. El procedimiento resultó ser de corta duración y la tasa libre de fibrilación auricular en el seguimiento fue más que aceptable.


Background: The evaluation of novel energy sources for the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is of great clinical interest. Cryoballoon ablation appears as an attractive alternative for patients with PAF refractory to pharmacological therapy Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe the initial cryoballoon ablation experience performed at our institution from November 2013 to May 2015 in patients with PAF, evaluating the safety, efficacy and characteristics of the procedure. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study analyzing the first 100 consecutive cases performed with 28-mm Arctic Front™ cryoballoon (Medtronic, Inc.) from November 2013 to May 2015. Immediate success was defined as isolation of all pulmonary veins. Atrial fibrillation recurrence was assessed in 72 patients with more than 6 months follow-up. Results: The procedure lasted 78.03±19.84 min with fluoroscopy duration of 20.79±11.91 min and a total radiation dose of 202.93±81 mGy The rate of acute success was 100%. The complication rate was 1% due to transient diaphragmatic paralysis. The AF-free rate was 81.95% in patients with over 6-months follow-up. Conclusions: Our initial experience with cryoballoon ablation was safe and effective with a high rate of acute success and low rate of complications. The procedure was short and the AF-free rate was more than acceptable.

4.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 38(2): 196-200, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25469647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vernakalant is an available drug for the treatment of recent-onset atrial fibrillation, producing conversion between 55% and 87% of the patients treated. In this sense, little is known about the predictors of conversion with this agent. The aim of our study was to analyze the predictors of conversion in our 2-year experience using vernakalant for the treatment of recent-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation without hemodynamic impairment received pharmacological treatment with vernakalant. Clinical variables, history of cardiovascular diseases, and echocardiographic data were recorded. RESULTS: Mean age was 58.1 ± 13.9 years and 13.4% of patients had structural heart disease. Conversion to sinus rhythm was achieved in 84.5% of patients, and 46% required the second dose of vernakalant. After analyzing the predictors of conversion, the presence of structural heart disease was significantly larger in the group without conversion (35.3 vs 9.7%; P = 0.02). The mean ejection fraction in the group with conversion was 61.05 ± 5.7% versus 54.9 ± 8.4% in the group without conversion (P = 0.016). After dichotomizing the variable ejection fraction, patients with ejection fraction <55% had a lower conversion rate (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In our study, the absence of any kind of structural heart disease and preserved systolic function were associated with greater conversion rate with vernakalant.


Assuntos
Anisóis/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Pirrolidinas/uso terapêutico , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA