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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(8): e024769, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411793

RESUMO

Background The underlying mechanisms of arterial stiffness remain not fully understood. This study aimed to identify a urinary proteomic profile to illuminate its pathogenesis and to determine the prognostic value of the profile for adverse outcomes. Methods and Results We measured aortic stiffness using pulse wave velocity (PWV) and analyzed urinary proteome using capillary electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry in 669 randomly recruited Flemish patients (mean age, 50.2 years; 51.1% women). We developed a PWV-derived urinary proteomic score (PWV-UP) by modeling PWV with proteomics data at baseline through orthogonal projections to latent structures. PWV-UP that consisted of 2336 peptides explained the 65% variance of PWV, higher than 36% explained by clinical risk factors. PWV-UP was significantly associated with PWV (adjusted ß=0.73 [95% CI, 0.67-0.79]; P<0.0001). Over 9.2 years (median), 36 participants died, and 75 experienced cardiovascular events. The adjusted hazard ratios (+1 SD) were 1.46 (95% CI, 1.08-1.97) for all-cause mortality, 2.04 (95% CI, 1.07-3.87) for cardiovascular mortality, and 1.39 (95% CI, 1.11-1.74) for cardiovascular events (P≤0.031). For PWV, the corresponding estimates were 1.25 (95% CI, 0.97-1.60), 1.35 (95% CI, 0.85-2.15), and 1.22 (95% CI, 1.02-1.47), respectively (P≥0.033). Pathway analysis revealed that the peptides in PWV-UP mostly involved multiple pathways, including collagen turnover, cell adhesion, inflammation, and lipid metabolism. Conclusions PWV-UP was highly associated with PWV and could be used as a biomarker of arterial stiffness. PWV-UP, but not PWV, was associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality, implying that PWV-UP-associated peptides may be multifaceted and involved in diverse pathological processes beyond arterial stiffness.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Rigidez Vascular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteômica , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco
2.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266481, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390065

RESUMO

Platelet Endothelial Aggregation Receptor 1 (PEAR1) modulates angiogenesis and platelet contact-induced activation, which play a role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. We therefore tested the association of incident colorectal cancer and genetic and epigenetic variability in PEAR1 among 2532 randomly recruited participants enrolled in the family-based Flemish Study on Environment, Genes and Health Outcomes (51.2% women; mean age 44.8 years). All underwent genotyping of rs12566888 located in intron 1 of the PEAR1 gene; in 926 participants, methylation at 16 CpG sites in the PEAR1 promoter was also assessed. Over 18.1 years (median), 49 colorectal cancers occurred, all in different pedigrees. While accounting for clustering of risk factors within families and adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, the total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio, serum creatinine, plasma glucose, smoking and drinking, use of antiplatelet and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, the hazard ratio of colorectal cancer contrasting minor-allele (T) carriers vs. major-allele (GG) homozygotes was 2.17 (95% confidence interval, 1.18-3.99; P = 0.013). Bootstrapped analyses, from which we randomly excluded from two to nine cancer cases, provided confirmatory results. In participants with methylation data, we applied partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and identified two methylation sites associated with higher colorectal cancer risk and two with lower risk. In-silico analysis suggested that methylation of the PEAR1 promoter at these four sites might affect binding of transcription factors p53, PAX5, and E2F-1, thereby modulating gene expression. In conclusion, our findings suggest that genetic and epigenetic variation in PEAR1 modulates the risk of colorectal cancer in white Flemish. To what extent, environmental factors as exemplified by our methylation data, interact with genetic predisposition and modulate penetrance of colorectal cancer risk is unknown.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Receptores de Superfície Celular , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
3.
J Periodontal Res ; 57(3): 623-631, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385142

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the potential influence of antithrombotics on leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) membranes. METHODS: Tensile tests and cell counts were performed with L-PRF membranes originating from patients on anticoagulants and antiplatelets versus patients not taking antithrombotics. RESULTS: For the tensile tests, 13 control patients, 12 on anticoagulants, and 10 on antiplatelets donated blood. Compared to controls, membranes from anticoagulated donors were weaker (strength 0.57 ± 0.24 MPa vs. 0.80 ± 0.27 MPa, p = .03) and could not be stretched as far (1.8 ± 0.3 vs. 2.1 ± 0.3 times the initial length, p = .01). For the cell counting, 23 control patients, 16 on anticoagulants, and 16 on antiplatelets donated blood. The percentage of platelets was ±50% in the three groups. The percentage of leukocytes was lower in the anticoagulant group compared with controls (69 ± 10% vs. 78 ± 8%, p = .04). However, because of the unknown error of method, it is questionable whether the statistical significance is meaningful. There was no difference between membranes from the control group and the group on antiplatelets. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that L-PRF membranes originating from patients on anticoagulants are weaker, stretch less far, and contain less leukocytes than L-PRF membranes of patients not taking these drugs.


Assuntos
Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Plaquetas , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucócitos
4.
Res Pract Thromb Haemost ; 6(3): e12683, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415384

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) frequently occurs in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The optimal dose of anticoagulation for thromboprophylaxis in COVID-19 is unknown. Aims: To report VTE incidence and bleeding before and after implementing a hospital-wide intensified thromboprophylactic protocol in patients with COVID-19. Methods: On March 31, 2020, we implemented an intensified thromboprophylactic protocol consisting of 50 IU anti-Xa low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)/kg once daily at the ward, twice daily at the intensive care unit (ICU). We included all patients hospitalized in a tertiary care hospital with symptomatic COVID-19 between March 7 and July 1, 2020. The primary outcome was the incidence of symptomatic or subclinical VTE and major bleeding during admission. Routine ultrasound screening for VTE was performed whenever logistically possible. Results: We included 412 patients, of which 116 were admitted to the ICU. Of 219 patients with standard a prophylactic dose of LMWH, 16 (7.3%) had VTE, 10 of which were symptomatic (4.6%). Of 193 patients with intensified thromboprophylaxis, there were no symptomatic VTE cases, three incidental deep venous thrombosis cases (1.6%), and one incidental pulmonary embolism (0.5%). The major bleeding rate was 1.2% in patients with intensified thromboprophylaxis and 7.7% when therapeutic anticoagulation was needed. Conclusion: In hospitalized patients with COVID-19, there were no additional symptomatic VTEs and a reduction in incidental deep vein thrombosis after implementing systematic thromboprophylaxis with weight-adjusted prophylactic (ward) to intermediate (ICU), but not therapeutic dosed anticoagulation. This intensified thromboprophylaxis was associated with a lower risk of major bleeding compared with therapeutic dosed anticoagulation.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383832

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe outcomes of patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD) enrolled in The Cardiovascular Outcomes for People Using Anticoagulation Strategies (COMPASS) randomized trial who were treated with the combination of rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily and aspirin 100 mg once daily during long term open label extension (LTOLE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 27 395 patients enrolled in COMPASS, 12 964 (mean age at baseline 67.2 years) from 455 sites in 32 countries were enrolled in LTOLE and treated with the combination of rivaroxaban and aspirin for a median of 374 additional days (range 1-1 191 days). During LTOLE, the incident events per 100 patient years were: for the primary outcome (cardiovascular [CV] death, stroke, or myocardial infarction [MI]) 2.35 (95% CI 2.11-2.61), mortality 1.87 (1.65-2.10), stroke 0.62 (0.50-0.76) and MI 1.02 (0.86-1.19), with confidence intervals that overlapped those seen during the randomized treatment phase with the combination of rivaroxaban and aspirin. The incidence rates for major bleeding were 1.01 (0.86-1.19) and for minor bleeding 2.49 (2.24-2.75), compared with 1.67 (1.48-1.87) and 5.11 (95% CI 4.77-5.47), respectively, during the randomized treatment phase with the combination. CONCLUSION: In patients with chronic CAD and/or PAD, extended combination treatment for a median of 1 year and a maximum of 3 years was associated with incidence rates for efficacy and bleeding that were similar to or lower than those seen during the randomized treatment phase, without any new safety signals.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 171: 159-164, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277253

RESUMO

To date, the actual prevalence of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection remains unknown, as systematic screening for PE is cumbersome. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on autoptic data to estimate the prevalence of histopathologic findings of acute PE and its relevance as a cause of death on patients with COVID-19. We searched MEDLINE-PubMed and Scopus to locate all articles published in the English language, up to August 10, 2021, reporting the autoptic prevalence of acute PE and evaluating PE as the underlying cause of death in patients with COVID-19. The pooled prevalence for both outcomes was calculated using a random-effects model and presenting the related 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical heterogeneity was measured using the Higgins I2 statistic. We analyzed autoptic data of 749 patients with COVID-19 (mean age 63.4 years) included in 14 studies. In 10 studies, based on 526 subjects (mean age 63.8 years), a random-effect model revealed that autoptic acute PE findings were present in 27.5% of cases (95% CI 15.0 to 45.0%, I2 89.9%). Conversely, in 429 COVID-19 subjects (mean age 64.0 years) enrolled in 9 studies, acute PE was the underlying cause of death in 19.9% of cases (95% CI 11.0 to 33.3%, I2 83.3%). Autoptic findings of acute PE in patients with COVID-19 are present in about 30% of subjects, whereas a venous thromboembolic event represents the underlying cause of death in about 1 of 4 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Embolia Pulmonar , Doença Aguda , Autopsia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Thromb Res ; 213: 65-70, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) related to thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is rare, and the literature is limited to institutional case series. METHODS: We used data from the RIETE Registry to compare outcomes (recurrences, major bleeding and signs and symptoms of post-thrombotic [PTS] syndrome) in patients with UEDVT and TOS undergoing first rib resection vs. those not undergoing surgery. RESULTS: From March 2001 to March 2021, there were 4214 patients with UEDVT, of whom 209 (4.96%) had TOS. Of these, 55 (26%) underwent first rib resection. Patients with TOS were younger and less likely to have comorbidities than those without TOS. There were no differences between patients with TOS undergoing surgery and those who did not. During anticoagulation, patients with TOS had a non-statistically significant lower rate of VTE recurrences than those without TOS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.46; 95%CI: 0.14-1.12) and a lower bleeding rate (HR: 0.16; 95%CI: 0.01-0.83). No patient with TOS developed pulmonary embolism or died. Patients with TOS undergoing surgery had fewer PTS symptoms (odds ratio [OR]: 0.21; 95%CI: 0.06-0.68) or signs (OR: 0.11; 95%CI: 0.02-0.42) after one year than patients who did not have surgery. At two years, the differences in symptoms (OR: 0.25; 95%CI: 0.06-0.94) and signs (OR: 0.04; 95%CI: 0.002-0.33) persisted. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with UEDVT and TOS were younger and had less comorbidities than those without. Surgical resection of the first rib was associated with a lower proportion of patients developing PTS one and two years later.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico , Trombose Venosa Profunda de Membros Superiores , Hemorragia , Humanos , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico/complicações , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa Profunda de Membros Superiores/diagnóstico
8.
ERJ Open Res ; 8(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Azithromycin was rapidly adopted as a repurposed drug to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) early in the pandemic. We aimed to evaluate its efficacy in patients hospitalised for COVID-19. METHODS: In a series of randomised, open-label, phase 2 proof-of-concept, multicentre clinical trials (Direct Antivirals Working against the novel coronavirus (DAWn)), several treatments were compared with standard of care. In 15 Belgian hospitals, patients hospitalised with moderate to severe COVID-19 were allocated 2:1 to receive standard of care plus azithromycin or standard of care alone. The primary outcome was time to live discharge or sustained clinical improvement, defined as a two-point improvement on the World Health Organization (WHO) ordinal scale sustained for at least 3 days. RESULTS: Patients were included between April 22 and December 17, 2020. When 15-day follow-up data were available for 160 patients (56% of preset cohort), an interim analysis was performed at request of the independent Data Safety and Monitoring Board. Subsequently, DAWn-AZITHRO was stopped for futility. In total, 121 patients were allocated to the treatment arm and 64 patients to the standard-of-care arm. We found no effect of azithromycin on the primary outcome with a hazard ratio of 1.044 (95% CI 0.772-1.413; p=0.7798). None of the predefined subgroups showed significant interaction as covariates in the Fine-Gray regression analysis. No benefit of azithromycin was found on any of the short- and longer-term secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: Time to clinical improvement is not influenced by azithromycin in patients hospitalised with moderate to severe COVID-19.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The newest mechanical valves have low thrombogenicity, making them candidates for anticoagulation with a direct oral anticoagulant. While these drugs hold great promise to replace warfarin, clinical trials have been disappointing so far. We aimed to evaluate apixaban in a porcine model of mechanical valve thrombosis with On-X® (CryoLife) aortic valves implanted in pulmonary position. METHODS: On-X® valves were implanted in pulmonary valve position in 9 Yucatan pigs. Animals received prophylactic enoxaparin 40 mg for 1 week. Pigs in the low-dose group received 5 mg apixaban twice daily for 10 weeks. The intermediary-dose group received 5 mg twice daily for 6 weeks and then 10 mg twice daily afterwards. The high-dose group received 15 mg twice daily for 10 weeks. After sacrifice, valves were macroscopically evaluated and thrombus weight was documented. RESULTS: The median weight of the 9 animals was 64.3 kg, range 52.5-70.9. In the low-dose group (2 animals), both valves showed manifest, chronic thrombosis with blocked hinges. In the intermediary-dose group, a normal functioning valve without thrombosis was seen in 2/4 animals. In the high-dose group (3 pigs), there was no valve thrombosis. No bleeding events occurred. In all animals, apixaban plasma levels were low compared to clinical target levels. CONCLUSIONS: The pulmonary position seems to be an aggressive model for mechanical valve thrombosis in pigs. Apixaban has the potential to prevent valve thrombosis, even in these thrombogenic conditions. Detailed pharmacokinetic studies are needed to determine the ideal apixaban dosage for future experiments and to enable extrapolation to the clinical situation.

10.
Am J Hypertens ; 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mean arterial pressure (MAP) drives ocular perfusion. Excessive 24-h MAP variability relates to glaucoma, however, whether this is due to dips or increases in the blood pressure (BP) is undocumented. We investigated the association of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in relation to the five largest MAP dips/increases over 24-h, henceforth called dips/blips. METHODS: In the Maracaibo Aging Study (MAS), 93 participants aged ≥40y (women, 87.1%; mean age, 61.9y) underwent baseline ophthalmological and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring assessments. OAG was the presence of optic nerve damage and visual field defects. Statistical methods included logistic regression and the generalized R2 statistic. For replication, 48 OAG cases at the Leuven Glaucoma Clinic were matched with 48 controls recruited from Flemish population. RESULTS: In MAS, 26 had OAG. OAG compared to non-OAG participants experienced longer and deeper dips (116.5 vs. 102.7 minutes; to 60.3 vs. 66.6 mmHg; 21.0 vs. 18.0 mmHg absolute or 0.79 vs. 0.81 relative dip compared to the preceding reading). The adjusted odds ratios associated with dip measures ranged from 2.25 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.31-4.85; P=0.009) to 3.39 (95% CI, 1.368.46; P=0.008). On top of covariables and 24MAP level/variability, the dip measures increased the model performance (P≤0.025). Blips did not associate with OAG. The casecontrol study replicated the MAS observations. CONCLUSIONS: Dips rather than increases in the 24-h MAP level were associated with increased risk for OAG. An ophthalmological examination combined with 24h BP monitoring might be precautious steps required in normotensive and hypertensive patients at risk of OAG.

11.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 42(3): 261-276, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35109674

RESUMO

Over the past 10 years, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have become widely accepted as an integral player in immunothrombosis, due to their complex interplay with both pathogens and components of the coagulation system. While the release of NETs is an attempt by neutrophils to trap pathogens and constrain infections, NETs can have bystander effects on the host by inducing uncontrolled thrombosis, inflammation, and tissue damage. From an evolutionary perspective, pathogens have adapted to bypass the host innate immune response. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), in particular, proficiently overcomes NET formation using several virulence factors. Here we review mechanisms of NET formation and how these are intertwined with platelet activation, the release of endothelial von Willebrand factor, and the activation of the coagulation system. We discuss the unique ability of S. aureus to modulate NET formation and alter released NETs, which helps S. aureus to escape from the host's defense mechanisms. We then discuss how platelets and the coagulation system could play a role in NET formation in S. aureus-induced infective endocarditis, and we explain how targeting these complex cellular interactions could reveal novel therapies to treat this disease and other immunothrombotic disorders.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade , /etiologia , Animais , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/imunologia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/imunologia , Humanos , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Camundongos , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Modelos Imunológicos , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/microbiologia , Ativação Plaquetária , Infecções Estafilocócicas/complicações , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , /microbiologia , Fatores de Virulência/imunologia , Fator de von Willebrand/imunologia
12.
ESC Heart Fail ; 9(2): 1216-1227, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35005846

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is the major long-term complication after heart transplantation, leading to mortality and re-transplantation. As available non-invasive biomarkers are scarce for CAV screening, we aimed to identify a proteomic signature for CAV. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured urinary proteome by capillary electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry in 217 heart transplantation recipients (mean age: 55.0 ± 14.4 years; women: 23.5%), including 76 (35.0%) patients with CAV diagnosed by coronary angiography. We randomly and evenly grouped participants into the derivation cohort (n = 108, mean age: 56.4 ± 13.8 years; women: 22.2%; CAV: n = 38) and the validation cohort (n = 109, mean age: 56.4 ± 13.8 years; women: 24.8%, CAV: n = 38), stratified by CAV. Using the decision tree-based machine learning methods (extreme gradient boost), we constructed a proteomic signature for CAV discrimination in the derivation cohort and verified its performance in the validation cohort. The proteomic signature that consisted of 27 peptides yielded areas under the curve of 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.75-0.91, P < 0.001] and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.60-0.81, P = 0.001) for CAV discrimination in the derivation and validation cohort, respectively. With the optimized threshold of 0.484, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for CAV differentiation in the validation cohort were 68.4%, 73.2%, and 71.6%, respectively. With adjustment of potential clinical confounders, the signature was significantly associated with CAV [adjusted odds ratio: 1.31 (95% CI: 1.07-1.64) for per 0.1% increment in the predicted probability, P = 0.012]. Diagnostic accuracy significantly improved by adding the signature to the logistic model that already included multiple clinical risk factors, suggested by the integrated discrimination improvement of 9.1% (95% CI: 2.5-15.3, P = 0.005) and net reclassification improvement of 83.3% (95% CI: 46.7-119.5, P < 0.001). Of the 27 peptides, the majority were the fragments of collagen I (44.4%), collagen III (18.5%), collagen II (3.7%), collagen XI (3.7%), mucin-1 (3.7%), xylosyltransferase 1 (3.7%), and protocadherin-12 (3.7%). Pathway analysis performed in Reactome Pathway Database revealed that the multiple pathways involved by the signature were related to the pathogenesis of CAV, such as collagen turnover, platelet aggregation and coagulation, cell adhesion, and motility. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study identified and validated a urinary proteomic signature that provided a potential approach for the surveillance of CAV. These proteins might provide insights into CAV pathological processes and call for further investigation into personalized treatment targets.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Proteômica , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Doenças Vasculares/patologia
13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 9(1): 685-694, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808706

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent trials evaluating the effect of aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease showed little or no benefit. However, the role of aspirin on the risk of incident heart failure (HF) remains elusive. This study aimed to evaluate the role of aspirin use on HF incidence in primary and secondary prevention and whether aspirin use increases the risk of incident HF in patients at risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 30 827 patients at risk for HF enrolled in six observational studies were analysed [women 33.9%, mean age (±standard deviation) 66.8 ± 9.2 years]. Cardiovascular risk factors and aspirin use were recorded at baseline, and patients were followed up for the first incident of fatal or non-fatal HF. The association of incident HF with aspirin use was assessed using multivariable-adjusted proportional hazard regression, which accounted for study and cardiovascular risk factors. Over 5.3 years (median; 5th-95th percentile interval, 2.1-11.7 years), 1330 patients experienced HF. The fully adjusted hazard ratio (HR) associated with aspirin use was 1.26 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-1.41; P ≤ 0.001]. Further, in a propensity-score-matched analysis, the HR was 1.26 (95% CI 1.10-1.44; P ≤ 0.001). In 22 690 patients (73.6%) without history of cardiovascular disease, the HR was 1.27 (95% CI 1.10-1.46; P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients, at risk, aspirin use was associated with incident HF, independent of other risk factors. In the absence of conclusive trial evidence, our observations suggest that aspirins should be prescribed with caution in patients at risk of HF or having HF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Fatores de Risco
14.
Eur Respir J ; 59(2)2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several randomised clinical trials have studied convalescent plasma for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using different protocols, with different severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) neutralising antibody titres, at different time-points and severities of illness. METHODS: In the prospective multicentre DAWn-plasma trial, adult patients hospitalised with COVID-19 were randomised to 4 units of open-label convalescent plasma combined with standard of care (intervention group) or standard of care alone (control group). Plasma from donors with neutralising antibody titres (50% neutralisation titre (NT50)) ≥1/320 was the product of choice for the study. RESULTS: Between 2 May 2020 and 26 January 2021, 320 patients were randomised to convalescent plasma and 163 patients to the control group according to a 2:1 allocation scheme. A median (interquartile range) volume of 884 (806-906) mL) convalescent plasma was administered and 80.68% of the units came from donors with neutralising antibody titres (NT50) ≥1/320. Median time from onset of symptoms to randomisation was 7 days. The proportion of patients alive and free of mechanical ventilation on day 15 was not different between both groups (convalescent plasma 83.74% (n=267) versus control 84.05% (n=137)) (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.59-1.66; p=0.9772). The intervention did not change the natural course of antibody titres. The number of serious or severe adverse events was similar in both study arms and transfusion-related side-effects were reported in 19 out of 320 patients in the intervention group (5.94%). CONCLUSIONS: Transfusion of 4 units of convalescent plasma with high neutralising antibody titres early in hospitalised COVID-19 patients did not result in a significant improvement of clinical status or reduced mortality.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19 , Imunização Passiva , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , COVID-19/terapia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Acta Clin Belg ; 77(2): 280-285, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 predisposes patients to thrombotic disease. The aim of this guidance document is to provide Belgian health-care workers with recommendations on anticoagulation management in COVID-19 positive patients. METHODS: These recommendations were based on current knowledge and a limited level of evidence. RESULTS: We formulated recommendations for the prophylaxis and treatment of COVID-related venous thromboembolism in ambulatory and hospitalised patients, as well as recommendations for the use of antithrombotic drugs in patients with prior indication for anticoagulation who develop COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations represent an easy-to-use practical guidance that can be implemented in every Belgian hospital and be used by primary care physicians and gynaecologists. Of note, they are likely to evolve with increased knowledge of the disease and availability of data from ongoing clinical trials.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Tromboembolia Venosa , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Bélgica , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
16.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 88(6): 2959-2968, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34913184

RESUMO

AIMS: Inappropriate anticoagulant use increases the risk of bleeding and thrombotic events. We implemented clinical decision rules to promote judicious medication use, as part of the 'Check of Medication Appropriateness' (CMA). The CMA is a pharmacist-led review service, targeting potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs). In this analysis, we aimed to evaluate the impact of the CMA on anticoagulant prescribing. METHODS: The number of anticoagulant-related PIPs was evaluated before and after implementation of the intervention in a quasi-experimental interrupted time series analysis. The pre-implementation cohort received usual care. The anticoagulant-focused CMA, comprising 13 clinical rules pertaining to anticoagulation therapies, was implemented in the post-implementation cohort. Segmented regression analysis was used to assess the impact of the intervention on the number of residual PIPs. A residual PIP was defined as a PIP which persisted up to 48 hours after the CMA intervention. Total number of recommendations and acceptance rate were documented for the 2-year post-implementation period. RESULTS: Pre-implementation, we observed 501 PIPs in 466 inpatients on 36 days, with a median proportion of 78.5% (range: 46.2%-100%) residual PIPs per day. Post-implementation, 538 PIPs were detected in 485 patients over the same number of days. The CMA intervention reduced the median proportion to 18.2% (range: 0-100%) per day. The effect coincided with an immediate relative reduction of 70% (95%CI 0.19-0.46) in anticoagulant-related residual PIPs. Post-implementation, 2778 recommendations were provided and 75.1% were accepted. CONCLUSION: Our CMA approach significantly reduced anticoagulant-related PIPs. Implementing a pharmacist-led intervention, based on clinical rules, may support safer prescribing of anticoagulants.

18.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 37: 100912, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ECG abnormalities in COVID-19 have been widely reported, however data after discharge is limited. The aim was to describe ECG abnormalities on admission and following recovery of COVID-19, and their associated mortality. METHODS: All patients hospitalized in a tertiary care hospital between March 7th and July 1st 2020 with COVID-19 were included in a retrospective registry. The first ECG on admission was collected, together with an ECG after hospital discharge in the absence of acute pathology. Automated measures and clinical ECG interpretations were collected. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to predict 1-year all-cause mortality. RESULTS: In total 420 patients were included, of which 83 patients (19.8%) died during the 1-year follow-up period. Repolarization abnormalities were present in 189 patients (45.0%). The extent of repolarization abnormalities was an independent predictor of 1-year all-cause mortality (HR per region 1.30, 95%CI 1.04-1.64) together with age (/year HR 1.06, 95%CI 1.04-1.08), heart rate (/bpm HR 1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.03), neurological disorders (HR 2.41, 95%CI 1.47-3.93), active cancer (HR 2.75, 95%CI 1.57-4.82), CRP (per 10 mg/L HR 1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08) and eGFR (per 10 mg/L HR 0.90, 95%CI 0.83-0.98).In 245 patients (68.1%) an ECG post discharge was available. New repolarization abnormalities were more frequent in patients who died after discharge (4.7% versus 41.7%, p < 0.001) and 8 (3.3%) had new ventricular conduction defects, none of whom died during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The presence and extent of repolarization abnormalities predicted outcome in patients with COVID-19. New repolarization abnormalities after discharge were associated with post-discharge mortality.

19.
Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560806

RESUMO

Intermediate-high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is characterized by right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and elevated circulating cardiac troponin levels despite apparent hemodynamic stability at presentation. In these patients, full-dose systemic thrombolysis reduced the risk of hemodynamic decompensation or death but increased the risk of life-threatening bleeding. Reduced-dose thrombolysis may be capable of improving safety while maintaining reperfusion efficacy. The Pulmonary Embolism International THrOmbolysis (PEITHO)-3 study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04430569) is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter, multinational trial with long-term follow-up. We will compare the efficacy and safety of a reduced-dose alteplase regimen with standard heparin anticoagulation. Patients with intermediate-high-risk PE will also fulfill at least one clinical criterion of severity: systolic blood pressure ≤110 mm Hg, respiratory rate >20 breaths/min, or history of heart failure. The primary efficacy outcome is the composite of all-cause death, hemodynamic decompensation, or PE recurrence within 30 days of randomization. Key secondary outcomes, to be included in hierarchical analysis, are fatal or GUSTO severe or life-threatening bleeding; net clinical benefit (primary efficacy outcome plus severe or life-threatening bleeding); and all-cause death, all within 30 days. All outcomes will be adjudicated by an independent committee. Further outcomes include PE-related death, hemodynamic decompensation, or stroke within 30 days; dyspnea, functional limitation, or RV dysfunction at 6 months and 2 years; and utilization of health care resources within 30 days and 2 years. The study is planned to enroll 650 patients. The results are expected to have a major impact on risk-adjusted treatment of acute PE and inform guideline recommendations.

20.
Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535037

RESUMO

Cancer-associated thrombosis (CT) is associated with a high risk of recurrent venous thromboembolic (VTE) events that require extended anticoagulation in patients with active cancer, putting them at risk of bleeding. The aim of the API-CAT study (NCT03692065) is to assess whether a reduced-dose regimen of apixaban (2.5 mg twice daily [bid]) is noninferior to a full-dose regimen of apixaban (5 mg bid) for the prevention of recurrent VTE in patients with active cancer who have completed ≥6 months of anticoagulant therapy for a documented index event of proximal deep-vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism. API-CAT is an international, randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, noninferiority trial with blinded adjudication of outcome events. Consecutive patients are randomized to receive apixaban 2.5 or 5 mg bid for 12 months. The primary efficacy outcome is a composite of recurrent symptomatic or incidental VTE during the treatment period. The principal safety endpoint is clinically relevant bleeding, defined as a composite of major bleeding or nonmajor clinically relevant bleeding. Assuming a 12-month incidence of the primary outcome of 4% with apixaban and an upper limit of the two-sided 95% confidence interval of the hazard ratio <2.0, 1,722 patients will be randomized, assuming an up to 10% loss in total patient-years (ß = 80%; α one-sided = 0.025). This trial has the potential to demonstrate that a regimen of extended treatment for patients with CT beyond an initial 6 months, with a reduced apixaban dose, has an acceptable risk of recurrent VTE recurrence and decreases the risk of bleeding.

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