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1.
Hematol Oncol ; 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606338

RESUMO

We evaluated the prognostic role of the largest distance between two lesions (Dmax), defined by positron emission tomography (PET) in a retrospective cohort of newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) patients. We also explored the molecular bases underlying Dmax through a gene expression analysis of diagnostic biopsies.We included patients diagnosed with cHL from 2007 to 2020, initially treated with ABVD, with available baseline PET for review, and with at least two FDG avid lesions. Patients with available RNA from diagnostic biopsy were eligible for gene expression analysis. Dmax was deduced from the three-dimensional coordinates of the baseline metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and its effect on progression free survival (PFS) was evaluated. Gene expression profiles were correlated with Dmax and analyzed using CIBERSORTx algorithm to perform deconvolution.The study was conducted on 155 eligible cHL patients. Using its median value of 20 cm, Dmax was the only variable independently associated with PFS (HR= 2.70, 95% CI 1.1-6.63, pValue= 0.03) in multivariate analysis of PFS for all patients and for those with early complete metabolic response (iPET-). Among patients with iPET- low Dmax was associated with a 4-year PFS of 90 % (95% CI 82.0-98.9) significantly better compared to high Dmax (4-year PFS 72.4%, 95% CI 61.9-84.6).From the analysis of gene expression profiles differences in Dmax were mostly associated with variations in the expression of microenvironmental components.In conclusion our results support tumor dissemination measured through Dmax as novel prognostic factor for cHL patients treated with ABVD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of PET/CT and of PETVAS in assessing disease activity, and the ability of PETVAS in predicting relapses in a large single center cohort of patients with LVV. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients diagnosed with LVV who underwent at least one PET/CT scan between 2007 and 2020. Nuclear medicine physician's interpretation of each PET/CT scan (active/inactive vasculitis) was compared with disease activity clinical judgement (active disease/remission). For each PET/CT scan, PETVAS score was calculated and its accuracy in assessing disease activity was evaluated. The ability of PETVAS in predicting subsequent relapses was evaluated. RESULTS: 100 consecutive LVV patients (51 LV-GCA, 49 TAK) underwent a total of 476 PET/CT scans over a mean follow-up period of 97.5 months. Physician-determined PET/CT grading was able to distinguish between clinically active and inactive LVV with a sensitivity of 60% (95% CI 50.9, 68.7) and specificity of 80.1% (95% CI 75.5, 84.1); the AUC was 0.70 (95% CI 0.65, 0.75). PETVAS was associated with disease activity: age and sex adjusted OR for active disease 1.15 (95% CI 1.11, 1.19). A PETVAS ≥10 provided 60.8% sensitivity and 80.6% specificity in differentiating between clinically active and inactive LVV; the AUC was 0.73 (95% CI 0.68, 0.79). PETVAS was not associated with subsequent relapses: age and sex adjusted HR 1.04 (95% CI 0.97, 1.11). CONCLUSIONS: Visual PET/CT grading scale and PETVAS had moderate accuracy to distinguish active LVV from remission. PETVAS did not predict disease relapses.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(3)2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158862

RESUMO

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is an effective therapeutic option in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET). However, PRRT fails in about 15-30% of cases. Identification of biomarkers predicting the response to PRRT is essential for treatment tailoring. We aimed to evaluate the predictive and prognostic role of semiquantitative and volumetric parameters obtained from the 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT before therapy (bPET) and after two cycles of PRRT (iPET). A total of 46 patients were included in this retrospective analysis. The primary tumor was 78% gastroenteropancreatic (GEP), 13% broncho-pulmonary and 9% of unknown origin. 35 patients (76.1%) with stable disease or partial response after PRRT were classified as responders and 11 (23.9%) as non-responders. Logistic regression analysis identified that baseline total volume (bTV) was associated with therapy outcome (OR 1.17; 95%CI 1.02-1.32; p = 0.02). No significant association with PRRT response was observed for other variables. High bTV was confirmed as the only variable independently associated with OS (HR 12.76, 95%CI 1.53-107, p = 0.01). In conclusion, high bTV is a negative predictor for PRRT response and is associated with worse OS rates. Early iPET during PRRT apparently does not provide information useful to change the management of NET patients.

4.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(4)2022 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35205805

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare and heterogeneous tumors that require multidisciplinary discussion for optimal care. The theranostic approach (DOTA peptides labelled with 68Ga for diagnosis and with 90Y or 177Lu for therapy) plays a crucial role in the management of NENs to assess disease extension and as a criteria for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) eligibility based on somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression. On the diagnostic side, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA peptides PET/CT (SSTR PET/CT) is the gold standard for imaging well-differentiated SSTR-expressing neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). [18F]FDG PET/CT is useful in higher grade NENs (NET G2 with Ki-67 > 10% and NET G3; NEC) for more accurate disease characterization and prognostication. Promising emerging radiopharmaceuticals include somatostatin analogues labelled with 18F (to overcome the limits imposed by 68Ga), and SSTR antagonists (for both diagnosis and therapy). On the therapeutic side, the evidence gathered over the past two decades indicates that PRRT is to be considered as an effective and safe treatment option for SSTR-expressing NETs, and is currently included in the therapeutic algorithms of the main scientific societies. The positioning of PRRT in the treatment sequence, as well as treatment personalization (e.g., tailored dosimetry, re-treatment, selection criteria, and combination with other alternative treatment options), is warranted in order to improve its efficacy while reducing toxicity. Although very preliminary (being mostly hampered by lack of methodological standardization, especially regarding feature selection/extraction) and often including small patient cohorts, radiomic studies in NETs are also presented. To date, the implementation of radiomics in clinical practice is still unclear. The purpose of this review is to offer an overview of radiolabeled SSTR analogues for theranostic use in NENs.

5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(2): e220290, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35201309

RESUMO

Importance: Data about the optimal timing for the initiation of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) for advanced, well-differentiated enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are lacking. Objective: To evaluate the association of upfront PRRT vs upfront chemotherapy or targeted therapy with progression-free survival (PFS) among patients with advanced enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors who experienced disease progression after treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSAs). Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective, multicenter cohort study analyzed the clinical records from 25 Italian oncology centers for patients aged 18 years or older who had unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, well-differentiated, grades 1 to 3 enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and received either PRRT or chemotherapy or targeted therapy after experiencing disease progression after treatment with SSAs between January 24, 2000, and July 1, 2020. Propensity score matching was done to minimize the selection bias. Exposures: Upfront PRRT or upfront chemotherapy or targeted therapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was the difference in PFS among patients who received upfront PRRT vs among those who received upfront chemotherapy or targeted therapy. A secondary outcome was the difference in overall survival between these groups. Hazard ratios (HRs) were fitted in a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model to adjust for relevant factors associated with PFS and were corrected for interaction with these factors. Results: Of 508 evaluated patients (mean ([SD] age, 55.7 [0.5] years; 278 [54.7%] were male), 329 (64.8%) received upfront PRRT and 179 (35.2%) received upfront chemotherapy or targeted therapy. The matched group included 222 patients (124 [55.9%] male; mean [SD] age, 56.1 [0.8] years), with 111 in each treatment group. Median PFS was longer in the PRRT group than in the chemotherapy or targeted therapy group in the unmatched (2.5 years [95% CI, 2.3-3.0 years] vs 0.7 years [95% CI, 0.5-1.0 years]; HR, 0.35 [95% CI, 0.28-0.44; P < .001]) and matched (2.2 years [95% CI, 1.8-2.8 years] vs 0.6 years [95% CI, 0.4-1.0 years]; HR, 0.37 [95% CI, 0.27-0.51; P < .001]) populations. No significant differences were shown in median overall survival between the PRRT and chemotherapy or targeted therapy groups in the unmatched (12.0 years [95% CI, 10.7-14.1 years] vs 11.6 years [95% CI, 9.1-13.4 years]; HR, 0.81 [95% CI, 0.62-1.06; P = .11]) and matched (12.2 years [95% CI, 9.1-14.2 years] vs 11.5 years [95% CI, 9.2-17.9 years]; HR, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.56-1.24; P = .36]) populations. The use of upfront PRRT was independently associated with improved PFS (HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.26-0.51; P < .001) in multivariable analysis. After adjustment of values for interaction, upfront PRRT was associated with longer PFS regardless of tumor functional status (functioning: adjusted HR [aHR], 0.39 [95% CI, 0.27-0.57]; nonfunctioning: aHR, 0.29 [95% CI, 0.16-0.56]), grade of 1 to 2 (grade 1: aHR, 0.21 [95% CI, 0.12-0.34]; grade 2: aHR, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.29-0.73]), and site of tumor origin (pancreatic: aHR, 0.41 [95% CI, 0.24-0.61]; intestinal: aHR, 0.19 [95% CI, 0.11-0.43]) (P < .001 for all). Conversely, the advantage was not retained in grade 3 tumors (aHR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.12-1.37; P = .13) or in tumors with a Ki-67 proliferation index greater than 10% (aHR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.29-1.43; P = .31). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, treatment with upfront PRRT in patients with enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors who had experienced disease progression with SSA treatment was associated with significantly improved survival outcomes compared with upfront chemotherapy or targeted therapy. Further research is needed to investigate the correct strategy, timing, and optimal specific sequence of these therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Radioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Receptores de Peptídeos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
RMD Open ; 8(1)2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify any association between imaging signs of vessel wall inflammation (positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) score and CT/MR wall thickening) and synchronous and subsequent vascular damage (stenoses/dilations) in patients with large vessel vasculitis (LVV). METHODS: Consecutive patients with LVV referred to a tertiary centre in 2007-2020 with baseline PET-CT and morphological imaging (CT/MR angiography) performed within 3 months were included. All available PET-CT and CT/MR scans were reviewed to assess PET-CT uptake (4-point semi-quantitative score), wall thickening, stenoses and dilations for 15 vascular segments. The associations of baseline PET score and CT/MR wall thickening with synchronous and incident stenoses/dilations at CT/MR performed 6-30 months from baseline were evaluated in per-segment and per-patient analyses. Respective areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated. RESULTS: We included 100 patients with LVV (median age: 48 years, 22% males). Baseline PET score and wall thickening were strongly associated (Cuzick non-parametric test for trend across order groups (NPtrend) <0.001). The association with synchronous stenoses/dilations was weak for PET score (NPtrend=0.01) and strong for wall thickening (p<0.001). In per-patient analyses, sensitivity/specificity for ≥1 synchronous stenoses/dilations were 44%/67% for PET score ≥2 and 66.7%/60.5% for wall thickening. Subsequent CTs/MRs were available in 28 patients, with seven incident stenoses/dilations. Baseline PET score was strongly associated with incident stenoses/dilations (p=0.001), while baseline wall thickening was not (p=0.708), with AUCs for incident stenoses/dilations of 0.80 for PET score and 0.52 for wall thickening. CONCLUSION: PET score and wall thickening are strongly associated, but only baseline PET score is a good predictor of incident vessel wall damage in LVV.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Vasculite , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vasculite/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasculite/etiologia
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 40(7): 729-739, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709880

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We compared 2 years of rituximab maintenance (RM) with a response-adapted postinduction approach in patients with follicular lymphoma who responded to induction immunochemotherapy. METHODS: We randomly assigned treatment-naïve, advanced-stage, high-tumor burden follicular lymphoma patients to receive standard RM or a response-adapted postinduction approach on the basis of metabolic response and molecular assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD). The experimental arm used three types of postinduction therapies: for complete metabolic response (CMR) and MRD-negative patients, observation; for CMR and MRD-positive (end of induction or follow-up) patients, four doses of rituximab (one per week, maximum three courses) until MRD-negative; and for non-CMR patients, one dose of ibritumomab tiuxetan followed by standard RM. The study was designed as noninferiority trial with progression-free survival (PFS) as the primary end point. RESULTS: Overall, 807 patients were randomly assigned. After a median follow-up of 53 months (range, 1-92 months), patients in the standard arm had a significantly better PFS than those in the experimental arm (3-year PFS 86% v 72%; P < .001). The better PFS of the standard versus experimental arm was confirmed in all the study subgroups except non-CMR patients (n = 65; P = .274). The 3-year overall survival was 98% (95% CI, 96 to 99) and 97% (95% CI, 95 to 99) in the reference and experimental arms, respectively (P = .238). CONCLUSION: A metabolic and molecular response-adapted therapy as assessed in the FOLL12 study was associated with significantly inferior PFS compared with 2-year RM. The better efficacy of standard RM was confirmed in the subgroup analysis and particularly for patients achieving both CMR and MRD-negative.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia de Indução/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
9.
Clin Transl Imaging ; 9(4): 299-339, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277510

RESUMO

AIM: The diagnosis, severity and extent of a sterile inflammation or a septic infection could be challenging since there is not one single test able to achieve an accurate diagnosis. The clinical use of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging in the assessment of inflammation and infection is increasing worldwide. The purpose of this paper is to achieve an Italian consensus document on [18F]FDG PET/CT or PET/MRI in inflammatory and infectious diseases, such as osteomyelitis (OM), prosthetic joint infections (PJI), infective endocarditis (IE), prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE), cardiac implantable electronic device infections (CIEDI), systemic and cardiac sarcoidosis (SS/CS), diabetic foot (DF), fungal infections (FI), tuberculosis (TBC), fever and inflammation of unknown origin (FUO/IUO), pediatric infections (PI), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), spine infections (SI), vascular graft infections (VGI), large vessel vasculitis (LVV), retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) and COVID-19 infections. METHODS: In September 2020, the inflammatory and infectious diseases focus group (IIFG) of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) proposed to realize a procedural paper about the clinical applications of [18F]FDG PET/CT or PET/MRI in inflammatory and infectious diseases. The project was carried out thanks to the collaboration of 13 Italian nuclear medicine centers, with a consolidate experience in this field. With the endorsement of AIMN, IIFG contacted each center, and the pediatric diseases focus group (PDFC). IIFG provided for each team involved, a draft with essential information regarding the execution of [18F]FDG PET/CT or PET/MRI scan (i.e., indications, patient preparation, standard or specific acquisition modalities, interpretation criteria, reporting methods, pitfalls and artifacts), by limiting the literature research to the last 20 years. Moreover, some clinical cases were required from each center, to underline the teaching points. Time for the collection of each report was from October to December 2020. RESULTS: Overall, we summarized 291 scientific papers and guidelines published between 1998 and 2021. Papers were divided in several sub-topics and summarized in the following paragraphs: clinical indications, image interpretation criteria, future perspectivess and new trends (for each single disease), while patient preparation, image acquisition, possible pitfalls and reporting modalities were described afterwards. Moreover, a specific section was dedicated to pediatric and PET/MRI indications. A collection of images was described for each indication. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, [18F]FDG PET/CT in oncology is globally accepted and standardized in main diagnostic algorithms for neoplasms. In recent years, the ever-closer collaboration among different European associations has tried to overcome the absence of a standardization also in the field of inflammation and infections. The collaboration of several nuclear medicine centers with a long experience in this field, as well as among different AIMN focus groups represents a further attempt in this direction. We hope that this document will be the basis for a "common nuclear physicians' language" throughout all the country. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s40336-021-00445-w.

10.
Front Nutr ; 8: 620696, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34026803

RESUMO

Baseline CT scans of 116 patients (48% female, median 64 years) with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) were retrospectively reviewed to investigate the prognostic role of sarcopenia and fat compartment distributions on overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and early therapy termination. Skeletal muscle index (SMI), skeletal muscle density (SMD), and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) were quantified at the level of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) and proximal thigh (PT). Low L3-SMD, but not low L3-SMI, was associated with early therapy termination (p = 0.028), shorter OS (HR = 6.29; 95% CI = 2.17-18.26; p < 0.001), and shorter PFS (HR = 2.42; 95% CI = 1.26-4.65; p = 0.008). After correction for sex, International Prognostic Index (IPI), BMI, and R-CHOP therapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), low L3-SMD remained associated with poor OS (HR = 3.54; 95% CI = 1.10-11.40; p = 0.034) but not with PFS. Increased PT-IMAT was prognostic for poor OS and PFS after correction for sex, IPI, BMI, and R-CHOP therapy (HR = 1.35; CI = 1.03-1.7; p = 0.03, and HR = 1.30; CI = 1.04-1.64; p = 0.024, respectively). Reduced muscle quality (SMD) and increased intermuscular fat (IMAT), rather than low muscle quantity (SMI), are associated with poor prognosis in DLBCL, when measured at the L3 level, and particularly at the level of the proximal thigh. The proximal thigh represents a novel radiological landmark to study body composition.

11.
Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis ; 24(4): 1198-1207, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to test whether the prognostic value of 18 F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) extends to the estimation of systemic treatment response duration. METHODS: mCRPC patients submitted to FDG-PET/CT in four Italian centers from 2005 to 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. Clinical and biochemical data at the time of imaging were collected, and SUV max of the hottest lesion, total metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were calculated. The correlation between PET- and biochemical-derived parameters with Overall Survival (OS) was analysed. The prediction of treatment response duration was assessed in the subgroup submitted to FDG-PET/CT in the six months preceding Chemotherapy (namely Docetaxel or Cabazitaxel, 24 patients) or Androgen-Receptor Targeted Agents (ARTA, namely Abiraterone or Enzalutamide, 20 patients) administration. RESULTS: We enrolled 114 mCRPC patients followed-up for a median interval lasting 15 months. While at univariate analysis, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), MTV, and TLG were associated with OS, at the multivariate Cox regression analysis, the sole MTV could independently predict OS (p < 0.0001). In the subgroup submitted to FDG-PET/CT before the systemic treatment initiation, PSA and TLG could also predict treatment response duration independently (p < 0.05). Of note, while PSA could not indicate the best treatment choice, lower TLG was associated with higher success rates for ARTA but had no impact on chemotherapy efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: FDG-PET/CT's prognostic value extends to predicting treatment response duration in mCRPC, thus potentially guiding the systemic treatment selection.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(8): 3851-3861, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Efficacy evaluation of GCA treatment is primarily based on non-specific symptoms and laboratory markers. We aimed to assess the change in vascular inflammation in patients with large vessel (LV)-GCA under different treatments using [18F]FDG PET/CT. METHODS: Observational study on patients with new-onset, active LV-GCA starting treatment with either prednisolone monotherapy (PRED) or combination with MTX or tocilizumab (TOC). All patients underwent baseline and follow-up PET/CT. The aorta and its major branches were assessed using PET vascular activity score (PETVAS) by independent readers. Cumulative glucocorticoid doses and cessation of glucocorticoid treatment were documented in all patients. RESULTS: We included 88 LV-GCA patients, 27 were treated with PRED, 42 with MTX and 19 with TOC. PETVAS decreased from 18.9-8.0 units at follow-up in the overall population (P <0.001). PETVAS changes were numerically higher in patients receiving MTX (-12.3 units) or TOC (-11.7 units) compared with PRED (-8.7). Mean cumulative prednisolone dosages were 5637, 4418 and 2984 mg in patients treated with PRED, MTX and TOC (P =0.002). Risk ratios for glucocorticoid discontinuation at the time of follow-up PET/CT were 6.77 (95% CI: 1.01, 45.29; P =0.049) and 16.25 (95% CI: 2.60, 101.73; P =0.003) for MTX and TOC users compared with PRED users. CONCLUSION: Treatment of LV-GCA inhibits vascular inflammation in the aorta and its major branches. While similar control of vascular inflammation was achieved with PRED, MTX and TOC treatments, TOC showed a strong glucocorticoid sparing effect, supporting the concept of initial combination therapy.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(2): 116-125, 2021 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151787

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is currently the standard technique to define minimal residual disease (MRD) status outside the bone marrow (BM) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). This study aimed to define criteria for PET complete metabolic response after therapy, jointly analyzing a subgroup of newly diagnosed transplantation-eligible patients with MM enrolled in two independent European randomized phase III trials (IFM/DFCI2009 and EMN02/HO95). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-eight patients were observed for a median of 62.9 months. By study design, PET/CT scans were performed at baseline and before starting maintenance (premaintenance [PM]). The five-point Deauville scale (DS) was applied to describe BM (BM score [BMS]) and focal lesion (FL; FL score [FS]) uptake and tested a posteriori in uni- and multivariable analyses for their impact on clinical outcomes. RESULTS: At baseline, 78% of patients had FLs (11% extramedullary), 80% with an FS ≥ 4. All patients had BM diffuse uptake (35.5% with BMS ≥ 4). At PM, 31% of patients had visually detectable FLs (2% extramedullary), 24% and 67.7% of them with an FS of 3 and ≥ 4, respectively. At PM, 98% of patients retained residual BM diffuse uptake, which was significantly lower than at baseline (mainly between BMS 2 and 3, BMS was ≥ 4 in only 8.7% of patients). By both uni- and multivariable analysis, FS and BMS < 4 were associated with prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at PM (OS: hazard ratio [HR], 0.6 and 0.47, respectively; PFS: HR, 0.36 and 0.24, respectively). CONCLUSION: FL and BM FDG uptake lower than the liver background after therapy was an independent predictor for improved PFS and OS and can be proposed as the standardized criterion of PET complete metabolic response, confirming the value of the DS for patients with MM.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Neoplasia Residual , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transplante de Células-Tronco
14.
EJNMMI Phys ; 7(1): 63, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internal dosimetry evaluation consists of a multi-step process ranging from imaging acquisition to absorbed dose calculations. Assessment of uncertainty is complicated and, for that reason, it is commonly ignored in clinical routine. However, it is essential for adequate interpretation of the results. Recently, the EANM published a practical guidance on uncertainty analysis for molecular radiotherapy based on the application of the law of propagation of uncertainty. In this study, we investigated the overall uncertainty on a sample of a patient following the EANM guidelines. The aim of this study was to provide an indication of the typical uncertainties that may be expected from performing dosimetry, to determine parameters that have the greatest effect on the accuracy of calculations and to consider the potential improvements that could be made if these effects were reduced. RESULTS: Absorbed doses and the relative uncertainties were calculated for a sample of 49 patients and a total of 154 tumours. A wide range of relative absorbed dose uncertainty values was observed (14-102%). Uncertainties associated with each quantity along the absorbed dose calculation chain (i.e. volume, recovery coefficient, calibration factor, activity, time-activity curve fitting, time-integrated activity and absorbed dose) were estimated. An equation was derived to describe the relationship between the uncertainty in the absorbed dose and the volume. The largest source of error was the VOI delineation. By postulating different values of FWHM, the impact of the imaging system spatial resolution on the uncertainties was investigated. DISCUSSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first analysis of uncertainty in molecular radiotherapy based on a cohort of clinical cases. Wide inter-lesion variability of absorbed dose uncertainty was observed. Hence, a proper assessment of the uncertainties associated with the calculations should be considered as a basic scientific standard. A model for a quick estimate of uncertainty without implementing the entire error propagation schema, which may be useful in clinical practice, was presented. Ameliorating spatial resolution may be in future the key factor for accurate absorbed dose assessment.

15.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(18): 2317-2324, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatostatin receptor ligands including octreotide LAR are first-line therapy in locally advanced or metastatic NETs that are nonresectable and well differentiated and are recommended as first-line therapy in functioning and in G1/low G2 nonfunctioning NETs. However, several questions remain that are not adequately addressed in current guidelines regarding its use in clinical scenarios in which the tumor progresses. These include use of nonconventional doses or schedules of octreotide LAR in tumors with hormonal symptoms or showing clinical-radiological progression, administration in combination with everolimus, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, and chemotherapy, following first-line treatment with octreotide LAR. METHODS: An expert panel was gathered to obtain consensus using Delphi methodology on a series of statements regarding further administration of octreotide LAR after its use in first-line therapy in these settings in patients who experience disease progression. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 8 of the 10 statements proposed in the above clinical scenarios; consensus was not achieved for two statements. CONCLUSIONS: The present statements aim to fill current gaps in treatment guidelines by providing recommendations based on expert consensus in clinical settings in which patients progress following first-line therapy with octreotide LAR.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Octreotida/administração & dosagem , Octreotida/efeitos adversos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236466, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764764

RESUMO

AIM: The present work concerns the comparison of the performances of three systems for dosimetry in RPT that use different techniques for absorbed dose calculation (organ-level dosimetry, voxel-level dose kernel convolution and Monte Carlo simulations). The aim was to assess the importance of the choice of the most adequate calculation modality, providing recommendations about the choice of the computation tool. METHODS: The performances were evaluated both on phantoms and patients in a multi-level approach. Different phantoms filled with a 177Lu-radioactive solution were used: a homogeneous cylindrical phantom, a phantom with organ-shaped inserts and two cylindrical phantoms with inserts different for shape and volume. A total of 70 patients with NETs treated by PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATOC were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: The comparisons were performed mainly between the mean values of the absorbed dose in the regions of interest. A general better agreement was obtained between Dose kernel convolution and Monte Carlo simulations results rather than between either of these two and organ-level dosimetry, both for phantoms and patients. Phantoms measurements also showed the discrepancies mainly depend on the geometry of the inserts (e.g. shape and volume). For patients, differences were more pronounced than phantoms and higher inter/intra patient variability was observed. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that voxel-level techniques for dosimetry calculation are potentially more accurate and personalized than organ-level methods. In particular, a voxel-convolution method provides good results in a short time of calculation, while Monte Carlo based computation should be conducted with very fast calculation systems for a possible use in clinics, despite its intrinsic higher accuracy. Attention to the calculation modality is recommended in case of clinical regions of interest with irregular shape and far from spherical geometry, in which Monte Carlo seems to be more accurate than voxel-convolution methods.


Assuntos
Lutécio/química , Imagens de Fantasmas/estatística & dados numéricos , Radioisótopos/química , Radiometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Receptores de Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Algoritmos , Humanos , Método de Monte Carlo , Doses de Radiação , Receptores de Peptídeos/química , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Endocr Connect ; 9(4): 337-345, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213660

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Ectopic ACTH secretion (EAS) is mostly secondary to thoracic/abdominal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) or small cell-lung carcinoma (SCLC). We studied the diagnostic accuracy of CT with 68Ga-Dota derivatives (68Ga-SSTR) PET in localizing ACTH-secreting tumor in patients with EAS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 68Ga-SSTR-PET/CT was performed and compared with the nearest enhanced CT in 18 cases (16 primary and 2 recurrent neoplasms). Unspecific, indeterminate and false-positive uptakes were assessed using conventional imaging, follow-up or histology. RESULTS: We diagnosed 13 thoracic (9 primary and 2 recurrent bronchial carcinoids, 2 SCLCs) and 1 abdominal (pancreatic NET) tumors. Eight ACTH-secreting tumors were promptly identified at EAS diagnosis ('overt', four pulmonary carcinoids with two recurrences and two SCLC); six EAS have been discovered during the subsequent follow-up ('covert', five bronchial carcinoids and one pancreatic NET). At the time of EAS diagnosis, imaging was able to correctly detect the ACTH-secreting tumour in 8/18 cases (6 new diagnosis and 2 recurrences). During the follow-up, six out of initially ten 'occult' cases became 'covert'. At last available follow-up, CT and 68Ga-SSTR-PET/CT were able to diagnose 11/18 and 12/18 ACTH-secreting tumours, respectively (11/14 and 12/14 considering only overt and covert cases, respectively). Four cases have never been localized by conventional or nuclear imaging ('occult EAS'), despite an average follow-up of 5 years. CONCLUSION: The 68Ga-SSTR-PET/CT is useful in localizing EAS, especially to enhance positive prediction of the suggestive CT lesions and to detect occult neoplasms.

18.
Curr Radiopharm ; 13(3): 204-217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186275

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In patients suitable for radical chemoradiotherapy for lung cancer, 18F-FDGPET/ CT is a proposed management to improve the accuracy of high dose radiotherapy. However, there is a high rate of locoregional failure in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), probably due to the fact that standard dosing may not be effective in all patients. The aim of the present review was to address some criticisms associated with the radiotherapy image-guided in NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Only published articles that met the following criteria were included: articles, only original papers, radiopharmaceutical ([18F]FDG and any tracer other than [18F]FDG), target, only specific for lung cancer radiotherapy planning, and experimental design (eventually "in vitro" studies were excluded). Peer-reviewed indexed journals, regardless of publication status (published, ahead of print, in press, etc.) were included. Reviews, case reports, abstracts, editorials, poster presentations, and publications in languages other than English were excluded. The decision to include or exclude an article was made by consensus and any disagreement was resolved through discussion. RESULTS: Hundred eligible full-text articles were assessed. Diverse information is now available in the literature about the role of FDG and new alternative radiopharmaceuticals for the planning of radiotherapy in NSCLC. In particular, the role of alternative technologies for the segmentation of FDG uptake is essential, although indeterminate for RT planning. The pros and cons of the available techniques have been extensively reported. CONCLUSION: PET/CT has a central place in the planning of radiotherapy for lung cancer and, in particular, for NSCLC assuming a substantial role in the delineation of tumor volume. The development of new radiopharmaceuticals can help overcome the problems related to the disadvantage of FDG to accumulate also in activated inflammatory cells, thus improving tumor characterization and providing new prognostic biomarkers.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
19.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(4): 593-596, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003806

RESUMO

Although 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan has been generally validated in the staging of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), its diagnostic and prognostic performances are not clearly established. Aiming to identify possible factors causing 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT false-negative results and influencing prognosis in MPM patients, we analysed clinical, radiometabolic and pathological features in 141 MPM patients who underwent diagnostic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT scan (January 2009-July 2018) at 2 high-volume institutions. The Fisher's exact test and the Cox model were used in statistical analysis. Overall detection rate was 88.3% with 16 patients (11.6%) presenting with a standardized uptake value (SUV) max <2.5 (PET-negative). PET-negative cases were more frequently detected in older patients (P = 0.027) and early-stage tumours (33.3% false-negative in stage I and 40.0% false-negative in T1-tumours, with P = 0.014 both). Mean SUVmax value was higher in sarcomatoid (11.8 ± 4.6) and biphasic MPM (9.3 ± 7.0), rather than in epithelioid MPM (6.9 ± 3.8, P < 0.001). Concerning overall survival, SUVmax (both as continuous and as categorical variable) was found to be a prognostic factor, in addition to stage (P = 0.032) and histology (P = 0.014) as confirmed by multivariable analysis (hazard ratio 2.65, confidence interval 1.23-5.70; P < 0.001). In the light of such results, we highlight that a low fluorodeoxyglucose uptake might be observed in more than 10% MPMs, especially in early-stage tumours affecting elderly patients. Furthermore, high SUVmax values significantly correlated with a worse prognosis.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mesotelioma Maligno , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(3)2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633759

RESUMO

CONTEXT: We investigated the role of Gallium 68 dodecanetetraacetic acid Tyr3-octreotide (68Ga-DOTATOC) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in detecting somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in 19 patients with metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and explored the activity of yttrium-90/lutetium-177 (90Y/177Lu-DOTATOC) peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: 68Ga uptake in metastatic sites was scored in terms of intensity and anatomical uptake distribution of standard uptake value (SUV). Tissue expression of SSTR2A and SSTR5 was also evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on primary tumors. Eight (42%) patients displayed radiometabolic uptake of any-grade intensity with focal and limited distribution. Two (11%) patients displayed strong uptake in multiple lesions and were treated with PRRT. Both obtained an overall disease control lasting 4 and 12 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ACC can express SSTRs as detected by IHC and 68Ga-DOTATOC PET. SSTRs-based PRRT may represent a potential treatment opportunity for a minority of patients with advanced ACC. This treatment modality deserves further investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/radioterapia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/radioterapia , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Receptores de Somatostatina/metabolismo , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/metabolismo , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
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