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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445559

RESUMO

Scutellarein (SCU) is a well-known flavone with a broad range of biological activities against several cancers. Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is major cancer type due to its poor prognosis even after treatment with chemotherapeutic drugs, which causes a variety of side effects in patients. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop effective biomarkers in the treatment of HCC in order to improve therapeutic outcomes using natural based agents. The current study used SCU as a treatment approach against HCC using the HepG2 cell line. Based on the cell viability assessment up to a 200 µM concentration of SCU, three low-toxic concentrations of (25, 50, and 100) µM were adopted for further investigation. SCU induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and inhibited cell migration and proliferation in HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, increased PTEN expression by SCU led to the subsequent downregulation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway related proteins. In addition, SCU regulated the metastasis with EMT and migration-related proteins in HepG2 cells. In summary, SCU inhibits cell proliferation and metastasis in HepG2 cells through PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling by upregulation of PTEN, suggesting that SCU might be used as a potential agent for HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , NF-kappa B/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445416

RESUMO

The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials of polyphenols contained in Gynura procumbens (GP) extract were systematically analyzed. Polyphenols in GP were analyzed for nine peaks using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with mass spectrometry (MS), and quantitatively determined through each standard. A total of nine polyphenolic compounds were identified in the samples and their MS data were tabulated. To determine the potential of bioactive ingredients targeting DPPH and COX-2, we analyzed them by ultrafiltration combined with LC. The results identified the major compounds exhibiting binding affinity for DPPH and COX-2. Caffeic acid, kynurenic acid, and chlorogenic acid showed excellent binding affinity to DPPH and COX-2, suggesting that they can be considered as major active compounds. Additionally, the anti-inflammatory effect of GP was confirmed in vitro. This study will not only be used to provide basic data for the application of GP to the food and pharmaceutical industries, but will also provide information on effective screening methods for other medicinal plants.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Asteraceae/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Polifenóis/análise , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Ligantes , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7
3.
Molecules ; 26(9)2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068568

RESUMO

Iridin is a natural flavonoid found in Belamcanda chinensis documented for its broad spectrum of biological activities like antioxidant, antitumor, and antiproliferative effects. In the present study, we have investigated the antitumor potential of iridin in AGS gastric cancer cells. Iridin treatment decreases AGS cell growth and promotes G2/M phase cell cycle arrest by attenuating the expression of Cdc25C, CDK1, and Cyclin B1 proteins. Iridin-treatment also triggered apoptotic cell death in AGS cells, which was verified by cleaved Caspase-3 (Cl- Caspase-3) and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) protein expression. Further apoptotic cell death was confirmed by increased apoptotic cell death fraction shown in allophycocyanin (APC)/Annexin V and propidium iodide staining. Iridin also increased the expression of extrinsic apoptotic pathway proteins like Fas, FasL, and cleaved Caspase-8 in AGS cells. On the contrary, iridin-treated AGS cells did not show variations in proteins related to an intrinsic apoptotic pathway such as Bax and Bcl-xL. Besides, Iridin showed inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling pathways by downregulation of (p-PI3K, p-AKT) proteins in AGS cells. In conclusion, these data suggest that iridin has anticancer potential by inhibiting PI3K/AKT pathway. It could be a basis for further drug design in gastric cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114438

RESUMO

Inflammation of the skin is the most common dermatological problem in human. The anti-inflammatory mediated responses of the skin cells provide a mechanism for combating these conditions. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is one of the proteins that has been shown to have a potent anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effects and mechanisms of AnxA1 in skin keratinocyte and fibroblast have not been reported yet. In the current study, we hypothesized that Ac2-26, AnxA1 mimetic peptide, ameliorates inflammation and wrinkle formation in human skin cells. Therefore, we aimed to identify whether Ac2-26 has anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkle effects in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and fibroblast (Detroit 551) cells, respectively. Human HaCaT cells were stimulated by TNF-α/IFN-γ with or without Ac2-26, to identify the anti-inflammatory effect. Human Detroit 551 cells were treated with Ac2-26 to verify the anti-wrinkle effect. Initially, cell cytotoxicity was carried out in each cell line treated using Ac2-26 by MTT assay. Human MDA, IL-8, and procollagen secretion were detected by ELISA assay. The inflammatory chemokines were measured by qRT-PCR analysis. To demonstrate the mechanism, MAPK, NF-κB, JAK/STAT, and MMPs were analyzed by Western blotting. As a result, we identified that Ac2-26 significantly decreased the expression of TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated pro-inflammatory chemokines, including IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, MDC, TARC, and TNF-α, by inhibiting the activation of MAPK, NF-κB, and JAK/STAT pathway in TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT human keratinocytes. In addition, we also identified that Ac2-26 significantly induced collagen synthesis by generating pro-collagen, and suppressed collagen degradation by inhibiting the collagenase MMP-1 and MMP-8 expression. Collectively, these results suggest that Ac2-26 shows anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkling effect. These effects may lead to the development of preventive and therapeutic application for inflammation-related skin disease and wrinkle formation.


Assuntos
Anexina A1/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Pró-Colágeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824273

RESUMO

Sinensetin (SIN) has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity. However, the cellular and molecular mechanism by which SIN promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell death remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the induction of cell death by SIN and its underlying mechanism in HepG2 cells, an HCC cell line. We found that SIN significantly induced cell death in HepG2 cells, whereas the proliferation rate of Thle2, human liver epithelial cells, was unaffected by SIN. SIN-treated HepG2 cells were not affected by apoptotic cell death; instead, autophagic cell death was induced through the p53-mediated AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. Inhibition of p53 degradation led to both autophagy and apoptosis in HepG2 cells. p53 translocation led to SIN-induced autophagy, whereas p53 translocation inhibited SIN-induced apoptosis. However, SIN showed apoptosis in the p53-mutant Hep3B cell line. Molecular docking simulation of the p53 core domain showed effective binding with SIN, which was found significant compared with the known p53 activator, RITA. Collectively, these data suggest that SIN may be a potential anti-cancer agent targeting autophagic cell death in human liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Morte Celular Autofágica/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
6.
Biomolecules ; 10(7)2020 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708333

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the common type of malignancy positioned at second in mortality rate causing burden worldwide with increasing treatment options. Prunetin (PRU) is an O-methylated flavonoid that belongs to the group of isoflavone executing beneficial activities. In the present study, we investigated the anti-proliferative and cell death effect of the compound PRU in AGS gastric cancer cell line. The in vitro cytotoxic potential of PRU was evaluated and significant proliferation was observed. We identified that the mechanism of cell death was due to necroptosis through double staining and was confirmed by co-treatment with inhibitor necrostatin (Nec-1). We further elucidated the mechanism of action of necroptosis via receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) protein expression and it has been attributed by ROS generation through JNK activation. Furthermore, through computational analysis by molecular docking and dynamics simulation, the efficiency of compound prunetin against RIPK3 binding was validated. In addition, we also briefed the pharmacokinetic properties of the compound by in silico ADMET analysis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Necroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
7.
Oncol Rep ; 44(3): 939-958, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705238

RESUMO

Scutellarein (SCU), a flavone that belongs to the flavonoid family and abundantly present in Scutellaria baicalensis a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, has been reported to exhibit anticancer effects in several cancer cell lines including gastric cancer (GC). Although our previous study documented the mechanisms of Scutellarein­induced cytotoxic effects, the literature shows that the proteomic changes that are associated with the cellular response to SCU have been poorly understood. To avoid adverse side­effects and significant toxicity of chemotherapy in patients who react poorly, biomarkers anticipating therapeutic responses are imperative. In the present study, we utilized a comparative proteomic analysis to identify proteins associated with Scutellarein (SCU)­induced cell death in GC cells (AGS and SNU484), by integrating two­dimensional gel electrophoresis (2­DE), mass spectrometry (MS), and bioinformatics to analyze the proteins. Proteomic analysis between SCU­treated and DMSO (control) samples successfully identified 41 (AGS) and 31 (SNU484) proteins by MALDI­TOF/MS analysis and protein database search. Comparative proteomics analysis between AGS and SNU484 cells treated with SCU revealed a total of 7 protein identities commonly expressed and western blot analysis validated a subset of identified critical proteins, which were consistent with those of the 2­DE outcome. Molecular docking studies also confirmed the binding affinity of SCU towards these critical proteins. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5­bisphosphate 3­kinase catalytic subunit ß isoform (PIK3CB) protein expression was accompanied by a distinct group of cellular functions, including cell growth, and proliferation. Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A), is one of the oncogenic molecules that have been shown to promote tumor growth and resistance to apoptosis and senescence­inducing therapies. In the present study, both PIK3CB and CIP2A proteins were downregulated in SCU­treated cells, which boosts our previous results of SCU to induce apoptosis and inhibits GC cell growth by regulating these critical proteins. The comparative proteomic analysis has yielded candidate biomarkers of response to SCU treatment in GC cell models and further validation of these biomarkers will help the future clinical development of SCU as a novel therapeutic drug.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apigenina/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Apigenina/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Autoantígenos/análise , Autoantígenos/genética , Autoantígenos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/análise , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/análise , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/análise , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
8.
J Nutr Biochem ; 83: 108427, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559585

RESUMO

Apigetrin is a flavonoid glycoside phytonutrient derived from fruits and vegetables that is well known for a variety of biological activities such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In the current study, we determined the effect of apigetrin on AGS gastric cancer cell. Apigetrin reduced cancer cell proliferation and induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest by regulating cyclin B1, cdc25c and cdk1 protein expression in AGS cell. Apigetrin treatment caused apoptotic cell death in AGS cells, characterized by the accumulation of apoptosis portion, cleavage of caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP). Apigetrin-treated cells increased the expression of extrinsic apoptosis pathway proteins and mRNA. However, intrinsic apoptosis pathway related proteins were not altered. In addition, AGS cells treated with apigetrin increased autophagic cell death, featured by the formation of autophagic vacuole and acidic vesicular organelles. Autophagy marker proteins, such as LC3B-II and beclin-1, were increased, and p62, an autophagy flux marker protein, was also increased by endoplasmic reticulum stress. Also, the phosphorylation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway proteins and its downstream targets in apigetrin-treated AGS cells was identified to be decreased. Taken together, these data suggest that apigetrin-treated AGS cells induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest, extrinsic apoptosis and autophagic cell death through PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, which can lead to the inhibition of gastric cancer development. Thus, our findings strongly indicate that apigetrin is a basic natural derived compound that could be used as a nutrient source with potential anticancer activities against gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
9.
Exp Ther Med ; 19(3): 2161-2170, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104280

RESUMO

Inflammatory diseases are an important health concern and have a growing incidence worldwide. Thus, developing novel and safe drugs to treat these disorders remains an important pursuit. Artemisia iwayomogi, locally known as Dowijigi (DJ), is a perennial herb found primarily in Korea and is used to treat various diseases such as hepatitis, inflammation and immune disorders. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of a polyphenolic extract from the DJ flower (PDJ) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells were investigated. Cell cytotoxicity was assessed using the MTT assay. The production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was measured by Griess and ELISA analysis, respectively. The expression levels of inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) were examined by western blot analysis. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1ß, as well as COX2 and iNOS. The production of NO and PGE2 was significantly decreased following treatment with PDJ. The mRNA expression levels of TNFα, IL-6, IL-1ß, COX2 and iNOS were significantly decreased in LPS-induced PDJ co-treated cells compared with the group treated with LPS alone. Western blot analysis indicated that PDJ downregulated the LPS-induced expression of iNOS and COX2, as well as the expression of NF-κB proteins. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that PDJ exerted anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-induced macrophage cells by suppressing the NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, PDJ may be used as a potential therapeutic agent in inflammation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781269

RESUMO

The use of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to enhance wound healing and tissue regeneration is progressively being accepted. Proteomic profiling of cultured ADSCs by mass spectrometry (MS) is a valuable tool to determine the identity of the proteins involved in multiple pathways, which make these ADSCs unique. In the current study, Nano-LC-MS/MS analysis was implemented on the membrane-free stem cell component (MFSCC), and the MS analysis revealed the presence of 252 proteins, that are involved in several biological functions, like metabolic process, biological regulation, developmental process, cell proliferation, and many more. Furthermore, bioinformatic analyses of the identified proteins in MFSCC found them to be involved in versatile pathways, like integrin pathway and wound healing response-related pathways. In addition, we also investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of MFSCC on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated mouse macrophage (RAW264.7) cells. The cell cytotoxicity of MFSCC was measured using MTT and LDH assays, the production of nitric oxide (NO) was measured by the Griess assay, and the protein expression levels of inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) were examined by western blot analysis. The results showed that MFSCC concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 3 µg/mL did not show any significant cytotoxicity in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. Treatment with MFSCC of LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells significantly suppressed the production of NO and the expression of iNOS and COX-2 proteins related to inflammation. The present findings lead to a better understanding of the therapeutic potential of MFSCC and strongly promote it for the future clinical development of novel non-cell-based stem cell therapeutics.

11.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 287, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, the decline of skeletal muscle tissue attributed to primary aging is a major concern in older adults. Flavonoids might have potential benefits by modulating the regulation of satellite cells, thus preventing muscle loss. Sinensetin (SIN), a citrus methylated flavone with anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity, can enhance lipolysis. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether SIN might have sarcopenia-suppressing effect on satellite cells from thigh and calf muscle tissues of young and old rats. METHODS: Primary muscle cells were obtained from thigh and calf tissues of young and old group rats by dissection. Obtained satellite cells were incubated with indicated concentrations of SIN (50 and 100 µM) treated and untreated condition in differentiation medium. Morphological changes of cells were examined using a phase-contrast microscope. Protein expression levels of myoD and myogenin were analyzed by Western blot. Cells treated with or without SIN under differentiation condition were also immunocytochemically stained for myogenin and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). RESULTS: Morphologically, the differentiation extracted satellite cells was found to be more evident in SIN treated group of aged rat's cells than that in SIN untreated group. Expression levels of myoD and myogenin proteins involved in myogenesis were increased upon treatment with SIN. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results indicate that SIN can alleviate age-related sarcopenia by increasing differentiation rate and protein levels of myoD and myogenin.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células Musculares/efeitos dos fármacos , Sarcopenia/tratamento farmacológico , Envelhecimento/genética , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Masculino , Células Musculares/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/citologia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteína MyoD/genética , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Miogenina/genética , Miogenina/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(5): 1741-1752, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545396

RESUMO

In the present study, a polyphenolic mixture was isolated from Seomae mugwort (SM; a native Korean variety of Artemisia argyi H.) via extraction with aqueous 70% methanol followed by the elution of ethyl acetate over a silica gel column. Each polyphenolic compound was analyzed using high­performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry, and compared with the literature. In addition to the 14 characterized components, one hydroxycinnamate, six flavonoids, and one lignan were reported for the first time, to the best our knowledge, in Artemisia argyi H. The anti­inflammatory properties of SM polyphenols were studied in lipopolysaccharide­treated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. The SM polyphenols attenuated the activation of macrophages via the inhibition of nitric oxide production, nuclear factor­κB activation, the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin­1ß, and the phosphorylation of mitogen­activated protein kinase. Our results suggested that SM polyphenols may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of inflammatory­related diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , República da Coreia
13.
Nutrients ; 11(2)2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682875

RESUMO

Scutellarein (SCU), a flavone found in the perennial herb Scutellaria baicalensis, is known for a wide range of biological activities. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treatment with SCU flavonoids on inducing apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway in Hep3B cells. SCU treatment significantly inhibited Hep3B cell proliferation and induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest by inhibiting the expression levels of the proteins Cdc25C, cdk1 and Cyclin B1. Allophycocyanin (APC)/Annexin V and propidium iodide (PI) double-staining showed upregulation of apoptotic cell death fraction. We further confirmed apoptosis by 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) fluorescent staining and observed DNA fragmentation with agarose gel electrophoresis. Further, immunoblotting results showed that treatment with SCU showed no changes in Bax and Bcl-xL protein levels. In addition, SCU treatment did not affect the mitochondrial membrane potential in Hep3B cells. On the contrary, treatment with SCU increased the expression of Fas and Fas ligand (FasL), which activated cleaved caspase-8, caspase-3, and polymeric adenosine diphosphate ribose (PARP), whereas the expression level of death receptor 4 (DR4) decreased. We confirmed that the proteins expressed upon treatment with SCU were involved in the Fas-mediated pathway of apoptosis in Hep3B cells. Thus, our findings in the current study strongly imply that SCU can be a basic natural source for developing potent anti-cancer agents for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Receptor fas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
14.
Nutrients ; 10(11)2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380781

RESUMO

Pectolinarigenin (PEC), a natural flavonoid that is present in citrus fruits, has been reported to exhibit antitumor effects in several cancers. Though the mechanism of PEC-induced cytotoxicity effects has been documented, the proteomic changes that are associated with the cellular response to this flavonoid are poorly understood in gastric cancer cells. In this study, a comparative proteomic analysis was performed to identify proteins associated with PEC-induced cell death in two human gastric cancer cell lines: AGS and MKN-28. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) revealed a total of 29 and 56 protein spots with significant alteration were screened in AGS and MKN-28 cells respectively. In total, 13 (AGS) and 39 (MKN28) proteins were successfully identified by mass spectrometry from the differential spots and they are known to be involved in signal transduction, apoptosis, transcription and translation, cell structural organization, and metabolism, as is consistent with multiple effects of PEC on tumor cells. Notably, novel target proteins like Probable ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX4 (DDX4) and E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase LRSAM1 (LRSAM1) along with the commonly differential expressed proteins on both the cell lines that are treated with PEC were confirmed by immunoblotting. The DDX4 accelerates cell cycle progression by abrogating the G2 checkpoint when overexpressed in cancer cells, while the aberrant expression of LRSAM1 may be involved in the cancer pathology. Thus, proteomic analysis provides vital information about target proteins that are important for PEC-induced cell death in gastric cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cromonas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteômica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/efeitos dos fármacos
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