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1.
RSC Med Chem ; 12(9): 1525-1539, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671736

RESUMO

The identification of specific biomarkers for Zika infection and its clinical complications is fundamental to mitigate the infection spread, which has been associated with a broad range of neurological sequelae. We present the characterization of antibody responses in serum samples from individuals infected with Zika, presenting non-severe (classical) and severe (neurological disease) phenotypes, with high-density peptide arrays comprising the Zika NS1 and NS2B proteins. The data pinpoints one strongly IgG-targeted NS2B epitope in non-severe infections, which is absent in Zika patients, where infection progressed to the severe phenotype. This differential IgG profile between the studied groups was confirmed by multivariate data analysis. Molecular dynamics simulations and circular dichroism have shown that the peptide in solution presents itself in a sub-optimal conformation for antibody recognition, which led us to computationally engineer an artificial protein able to stabilize the NS2B epitope structure. The engineered protein was used to interrogate paired samples from mothers and their babies presenting Zika-associated microcephaly and confirmed the absence of NS2B IgG response in those samples. These findings suggest that the assessment of antibody responses to the herein identified NS2B epitope is a strong candidate biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of Zika-associated neurological disease.

2.
J Neuroimmunol ; 360: 577697, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461359

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been associated with the development of Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD). ZIKV-induced antibodies that putatively cross-react to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) protein are suggested to cause inflammation of the optic nerve. A region of similarity between AQP4 and the ZIKV NS2B protein was identified. Our data showed that ZIKV-associated NMOSD patients develop anti-AQP4 antibodies, but not anti-ZIKV NS2B antibodies, revealing that cross-reacting antibodies are not the underlying cause of this phenotype. ZIKV infection in mice showed persistent viral replication in the eye tissue, suggesting that NMOSD symptoms are consequence of viral infection of the optic nerve cells.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1081, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Commission (EC) Horizon 2020 (H2020)-funded ZIKAlliance Consortium designed a multicentre study including pregnant women (PW), children (CH) and natural history (NH) cohorts. Clinical sites were selected over a wide geographic range within Latin America and the Caribbean, taking into account the dynamic course of the ZIKV epidemic. METHODS: Recruitment to the PW cohort will take place in antenatal care clinics. PW will be enrolled regardless of symptoms and followed over the course of pregnancy, approximately every 4 weeks. PW will be revisited at delivery (or after miscarriage/abortion) to assess birth outcomes, including microcephaly and other congenital abnormalities according to the evolving definition of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). After birth, children will be followed for 2 years in the CH cohort. Follow-up visits are scheduled at ages 1-3, 4-6, 12, and 24 months to assess neurocognitive and developmental milestones. In addition, a NH cohort for the characterization of symptomatic rash/fever illness was designed, including follow-up to capture persisting health problems. Blood, urine, and other biological materials will be collected, and tested for ZIKV and other relevant arboviral diseases (dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever) using RT-PCR or serological methods. A virtual, decentralized biobank will be created. Reciprocal clinical monitoring has been established between partner sites. Substudies of ZIKV seroprevalence, transmission clustering, disabilities and health economics, viral kinetics, the potential role of antibody enhancement, and co-infections will be linked to the cohort studies. DISCUSSION: Results of these large cohort studies will provide better risk estimates for birth defects and other developmental abnormalities associated with ZIKV infection including possible co-factors for the variability of risk estimates between other countries and regions. Additional outcomes include incidence and transmission estimates of ZIKV during and after pregnancy, characterization of short and long-term clinical course following infection and viral kinetics of ZIKV. STUDY REGISTRATIONS: clinicaltrials.gov NCT03188731 (PW cohort), June 15, 2017; clinicaltrials.gov NCT03393286 (CH cohort), January 8, 2018; clinicaltrials.gov NCT03204409 (NH cohort), July 2, 2017.


Assuntos
Arbovírus/isolamento & purificação , Microcefalia/complicações , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Zika virus/imunologia , Adulto , Arbovírus/genética , Região do Caribe/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Coinfecção , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , América Latina/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/virologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Zika virus/isolamento & purificação , Infecção por Zika virus/transmissão , Infecção por Zika virus/virologia
4.
J Mol Graph Model ; 93: 107442, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479948

RESUMO

Antibodies against the HIV-1 2F5 epitope are known as one of the most powerful and broadly protective anti-HIV antibodies. Therefore, vaccine strategies that include the 2F5 epitope in their formulation require a robust method to detect specific anti-2F5 antibody production by B cells. Towards this goal, we have biotinylated a previously reported computer-designed protein carrying the HIV-1 2F5 epitope aiming the further development of a platform to detect human B-cells expressing anti-2F5 antibodies through flow cytometry. Biophysical and immunological properties of our devised protein were characterized by computer simulation and experimental methods. Biotinylation did not affect folding and improved protein stability and solubility. The biotinylated protein exhibited similar binding affinity trends compared to its unbiotinylated counterpart and was recognized by anti-HIV-1 2F5 antibodies expressed on the surface of patient-derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Moreover, we present a high affinity marker for the identification of epitope-specific B cells that can be used to measure the efficacy of vaccine strategies based on the HIV-1 envelope protein.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra a AIDS/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biotinilação , Anticorpos Anti-HIV/imunologia , HIV-1/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Simulação por Computador , Epitopos/imunologia , Humanos
6.
J Biol Chem ; 292(21): 8797-8810, 2017 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28400484

RESUMO

The Staphylococcus aureus cell surface contains cell wall-anchored proteins such as fibronectin-binding protein A (FnBPA) that bind to host ligands (e.g. fibronectin; Fn) present in the extracellular matrix of tissue or coatings on cardiac implants. Recent clinical studies have found a correlation between cardiovascular infections caused by S. aureus and nonsynonymous SNPs in FnBPA. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and molecular simulations were used to investigate interactions between Fn and each of eight 20-mer peptide variants containing amino acids Ala, Asn, Gln, His, Ile, and Lys at positions equivalent to 782 and/or 786 in Fn-binding repeat-9 of FnBPA. Experimentally measured bond lifetimes (1/koff) and dissociation constants (Kd = koff/kon), determined by mechanically dissociating the Fn·peptide complex at loading rates relevant to the cardiovascular system, varied from the lowest-affinity H782A/K786A peptide (0.011 s, 747 µm) to the highest-affinity H782Q/K786N peptide (0.192 s, 15.7 µm). These atomic force microscopy results tracked remarkably well to metadynamics simulations in which peptide detachment was defined solely by the free-energy landscape. Simulations and SPR experiments suggested that an Fn conformational change may enhance the stability of the binding complex for peptides with K786I or H782Q/K786I (Kdapp = 0.2-0.5 µm, as determined by SPR) compared with the lowest-affinity double-alanine peptide (Kdapp = 3.8 µm). Together, these findings demonstrate that amino acid substitutions in Fn-binding repeat-9 can significantly affect bond strength and influence the conformation of Fn upon binding. They provide a mechanistic explanation for the observation of nonsynonymous SNPs in fnbA among clinical isolates of S. aureus that cause endovascular infections.


Assuntos
Adesinas Bacterianas/química , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Staphylococcus aureus/química , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Adesinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Sequências Repetitivas de Aminoácidos , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
7.
ACS Omega ; 2(7): 3913-3920, 2017 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023708

RESUMO

B-cell epitope sequences from Zika virus (ZIKV) NS1 protein have been identified using epitope prediction tools. Mapping these sequences onto the NS1 surface reveals two major conformational epitopes and a single linear one. Despite an overall average sequence identity of ca. 55% between the NS1 from ZIKV and the four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes, epitope sequences were found to be highly conserved. Nevertheless, nonconserved epitope-flanking residues are responsible for a dramatically divergent electrostatic surface potential on the epitope regions of ZIKV and DENV2 serotypes. These findings suggest that strategies for differential diagnostics on the basis of short linear NS1 sequences are likely to fail due to immunological cross-reactions. Overall, results provide the molecular basis of differential discrimination between Zika and DENVs by NS1 monoclonal antibodies.

8.
Biopolymers ; 103(6): 351-61, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25677872

RESUMO

Molecular dynamics and de novo techniques, associated to quality parameter sets, have excelled at determining the structure of small proteins with high accuracy. To achieve a detailed description of protein conformations, these methods must critically assess the thermodynamic features of the molecular ensembles. Here, a comparison of the conformational ensemble generated by molecular dynamics and de novo techniques were carried out for six Top7-based proteins carrying gp41 HIV-1 epitopes. The native Top7, a highly stable computationally designed protein, was used as benchmark. Structural stability, flexibility, and secondary structure content were assessed. The consistency of the latter was compared to experimental circular dichroism spectra for all proteins. While both methods are capable to identify the stable from unstable chimeric proteins, the sampled conformational space and flexibility differ significantly in both methods. Molecular dynamics simulations seem to better describe secondary structure content and identify regions responsible for conformational instability. The de novo method, as implemented in Rosetta-a prime tool for protein design, overestimates secondary structure content. On the other hand, its empirical energy function is capable to predict the threshold for protein stability.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteínas/química , Conformação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Estabilidade Proteica
9.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 81(4): 663-669, Dec. 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-529927

RESUMO

Vaccination is the most practical and cost-effective strategy to prevent the majority of the flavivirus infection to which there is an available vaccine. However, vaccines based on attenuated virus can potentially promote collateral side effects and even rare fatal reactions. Given this scenario, the developent of alternative vaccination strategies such as DNA-based vaccines encoding specific flavivirus sequences are being considered. Endogenous cytoplasmic antigens, characteristically plasmid DNA-vaccine encoded, are mainly presented to the immune system through Major Histocompatibility Complex class I - MHC I molecules. The MHC I presentation via is mostly associated with a cellular cytotoxic response and often do not elicit a satisfactory humoral response. One of the main strategies to target DNA-encoded antigens to the MHC II compartment is expressing the antigen within the Lysosome-Associated Membrane Protein (LAMP). The flavivirus envelope protein is recognized as the major virus surface protein and the main target for neutralizing antibodies. Different groups have demonstrated that co-expression of flavivirus membrane and envelope proteins in mammalian cells, fused with the carboxyl-terminal of LAMP, is able to induce satisfactory levels of neutralizing antibodies. Here we reviewed the use of the envelope flavivirus protein co-expression strategy as LAMP chimeras with the aim of developing DNA vaccines for dengue, West Nile and yellow fever viruses.


A vacinação é a estratégia mais prática e o melhor custo-benefício para prevenir a maioria das infecções dos flavivirus, para os quais existe vacina disponível. Entretanto, as vacinas baseadas em vírus atenuados podem potencialmente promover efeitos colaterais e, mais raramente, reações fatais. Diante deste cenário, o desenvolvimento de estratégias alternativas de vacinação, como vacinas baseadas em DNA codificando seqüências específicas dos flavivirus, está sendo considerado. Antí-genos citoplasmáticos endógenos, caracteristicamente codificados por vacinas de DNA plasmidial, são majoritariamente apresentados ao sistema imune através de moléculas do Complexo Maior de Histocompatibilidade de classe I - MHC I. A via de apresentação MHC I é mais associada à resposta celular citotóxica e, frequentemente, não elicita uma resposta humoral satisfatória. Uma das principais estratégias para direcionar antígenos codificados pelas vacinas de DNA para o compartimento MHC II é expressar estes antígenos dentro da Proteína de Associação à Membrana Lisossomal (LAMP). A proteína do envelope dos flavivirus é reconhecidamente a principal proteína de superfície viral e o principal alvo para anticorpos neutralizantes. Diferentes grupos têm demonstrado que a co-expressão das proteínas de membrana e do envelope dos flavivirus em células de mamíferos, fusionada com a porção carboxi-terminal de LAMP, é capaz de induzir níveis satisfatórios de anticorpos neutralizantes. Neste trabalho revisamos a estratégia de co-expressão da proteína do envelope dos flavivírus, como quimeras de LAMP, com o objetivo de desenvolver vacinas de DNA contra a febre do Oeste do Nilo, dengue e febre amarela.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Flavivirus/prevenção & controle , Flavivirus/imunologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/imunologia , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Flavivirus/imunologia , Flavivirus/química , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/imunologia , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/prevenção & controle , Febre Amarela/imunologia , Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle
10.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 81(4): 663-9, 2009 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19893892

RESUMO

Vaccination is the most practical and cost-effective strategy to prevent the majority of the flavivirus infection to which there is an available vaccine. However, vaccines based on attenuated virus can potentially promote collateral side effects and even rare fatal reactions. Given this scenario, the development of alternative vaccination strategies such as DNA-based vaccines encoding specific flavivirus sequences are being considered. Endogenous cytoplasmic antigens, characteristically plasmid DNA-vaccine encoded, are mainly presented to the immune system through Major Histocompatibility Complex class I - MHC I molecules. The MHC I presentation via is mostly associated with a cellular cytotoxic response and often do not elicit a satisfactory humoral response. One of the main strategies to target DNA-encoded antigens to the MHC II compartment is expressing the antigen within the Lysosome-Associated Membrane Protein (LAMP). The flavivirus envelope protein is recognized as the major virus surface protein and the main target for neutralizing antibodies. Different groups have demonstrated that co-expression of flavivirus membrane and envelope proteins in mammalian cells, fused with the carboxyl-terminal of LAMP, is able to induce satisfactory levels of neutralizing antibodies. Here we reviewed the use of the envelope flavivirus protein co-expression strategy as LAMP chimeras with the aim of developing DNA vaccines for dengue, West Nile and yellow fever viruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Flavivirus/prevenção & controle , Flavivirus/imunologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/imunologia , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/prevenção & controle , Flavivirus/química , Infecções por Flavivirus/imunologia , Humanos , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/imunologia , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/prevenção & controle , Febre Amarela/imunologia , Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle
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