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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(6): 3719-3727, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between periodontitis severity (exposure) and metabolic syndrome (MetS - outcome), using two criteria for diagnosis of the outcome, since this relationship remains unexplored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 870 individuals: 408 with first MetS diagnosis (cases) and 462 without MetS (controls). Participants' general information was obtained using a questionnaire and laboratory data was collected from medical records. Periodontitis severity criteria followed the Center for Disease Control and Prevention: none, mild, moderate, and severe. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were determined by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Findings showed a positive association between moderate and severe periodontitis and MetS: ORadjusted = 1.64 (95% CI: 1.01 to 2.68) and ORadjusted = 1.94 (95% CI: 1.19 to 3.16), respectively, after adjustment for age, sex, schooling level, smoking habit, and cardiovascular disease. The adjusted measurements showed that among individuals with moderate or severe periodontitis, the probability of having MetS was around two times greater than among those without periodontitis, and that the chance was greater among participants with severe periodontitis than those with moderate periodontitis. CONCLUSION: An association between the severity of periodontal status and MetS was found, suggesting a possible relationship between the two diseases. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: MetS influences the etiology of cardiovascular diseases, one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. The findings suggest that the greater the severity of periodontitis, the greater is the association magnitude with MetS. The health professional needs to recognize that the importance of periodontal disease may play in MetS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fumar
2.
J Periodontol ; 91(11): 1444-1452, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease is now well documented; however, the effect of periodontitis severity levels on this outcome, specifically on acute myocardial infarction (AMI), remains unexplored. This study investigated the association between levels of periodontitis severity (exposure) and AMI (outcome). METHODS: This case-control study, matched by sex and age, was conducted with 621 participants, with 207 individuals treated in the emergency department of Santa Izabel and Ana Nery Hospitals in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, diagnosed with a first AMI event, and compared to 414 individuals without a diagnosis of AMI. Levels of periodontitis severity followed two criteria: (1) Center for Disease Prevention and Control and American Academy of Periodontology; (2) Gomes-Filho et al. (2018) using criteria that also evaluated bleeding upon probing. Conditional logistic regression analysis was performed and odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained. RESULTS: The adjusted association measurements showed a positive association between both severe (ORadjusted ranged from 2.21 to 3.92; 95% CI ranged from 1.03 to 10.05) and moderate periodontitis (ORadjusted ranged from 1.96 to 2.51; 95% CI ranged from 1.02 to 6.19), and AMI, for both periodontitis diagnostic criteria. It demonstrated that among those with moderate and severe periodontitis, the chance of having AMI was approximately two to four times greater than among those without periodontitis. CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate that there is an association between the severity of the periodontal condition and AMI, suggesting a possible relationship among the levels of periodontitis severity and the cardiovascular condition.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
3.
Menopause ; 24(7): 789-795, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between osteoporosis treatment and severe periodontitis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised of 492 postmenopausal women, 113 women in osteoporosis treatment, and 379 not treated. Osteoporosis treatment consisted of systemic estrogen alone, or estrogen plus progestin, and calcium and vitamin D supplements, for at least 6 months. Severe periodontitis was defined as at least two interproximal tooth sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 6 mm, and at least one interproximal site with probing depth of at least 5 mm; and dental caries experience was measured using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Analysis included descriptive statistics and Poisson multivariate analysis with robust variance. RESULTS: Women receiving osteoporosis treatment had less periodontal probing depth, less clinical attachment loss, and less gingival bleeding than women not receiving treatment for osteoporosis (P ≤ 0.05). In the osteoporosis treatment group, the estimated mean DMFT index score was approximately 20, the most frequent component being the number of missing teeth, and in the nontreated group, the DMFT index was approximately 19. The prevalence of severe periodontitis was 44% lower in the osteoporosis treatment group than in the nontreatment group. The prevalence ratioadjusted was 0.56, 95% confidence interval was 0.31 to 0.99 (P = 0.05), after adjustments for smoking, age, family income, and visit to the dentist. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that women treated with estrogen for postmenopausal osteoporosis have a lower prevalence of severe periodontitis than women not receiving treatment.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/etiologia , Pós-Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cálcio na Dieta/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Estrogênios/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gengival/etiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico
4.
J Periodontol ; 87(3): 238-47, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26513266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of glycemic level on the relationship between periodontitis and low birth weight (LBW). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 372 females divided into cases (109 mothers of newborns with birth weight < 2,500 g) and controls (263 mothers of newborns with birth weight ≥ 2,500 g). The birth weight of children was obtained from medical records, whereas information on sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics of the participants was obtained through an interview. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were measured, and probing depth, clinical attachment levels, and bleeding on probing were used to determine the periodontal status. Results were analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: The likelihood of having children with LBW among the mothers with periodontitis was six times greater than that observed among mothers without periodontitis (adjusted odds ratio [OR adjusted] = 6.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.47 to 15.17), even after adjustment. There was also a strong, statistically significant relationship between periodontitis and LBW in both the normal glycemic-level group (HbA1c levels < 5.6%, unadjusted odds ratio [OR unadjusted] = 8.30, 95% CI = 3.56 to 19.35) and the high glycemic-level group (HbA1c levels ≥ 5.6% and < 6.5%, OR unadjusted = 5.73, 95% CI = 1.75 to 18.70). After adjustment for confounders, the magnitude of the association continued to be strong in the normal glycemic-level group (OR adjusted = 7.59, 95% CI = 2.7 to 24.28), an increase of 25% when compared to the main association measurement. In those with high glycemic levels (OR adjusted = 4.03, 95% CI = 0.81 to 19.96), the OR decreased almost 50%, and the association lost statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Periodontitis and glycemic levels appeared to have opposing influences on birth weight, with periodontitis being associated with LBW and the magnitude of the association being altered depending on maternal blood glucose level.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Periodontite , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Mães
5.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 37(6): 527-33, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19694773

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Starting in the 1990s, several authors sought to investigate the hypothesis that periodontitis during pregnancy may contribute towards the birth of low-weight children. However, this relationship is still not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this oral infection is associated with this gestational event. METHODS: This was a case-control study among 548 puerperae, of whom 164 were the mothers of low-weight live births (case group) and 384 were the mothers of live births of normal gestational weight (control group). They were selected at two public hospital units in two municipalities in the State of Bahia. From interviews and data gathered using live birth cards or birth certificates, information was obtained regarding age, height, previous diseases, marital status, socioeconomic situation, smoking and alcohol use. Mothers who presented at least four teeth on which one or more sites had a probing depth of greater than or equal to 4 mm, clinical attachment loss of greater than or equal to 3 mm and bleeding on probing, at the same site, were deemed to present periodontal disease. The data were analysed by stratification from logistic regression. RESULTS: Periodontal disease was diagnosed in 42.7% of the case group and 30% of the control group. A statistically significant association was found between periodontal disease and low birth weight (unadjusted OR = 1.74; 95% CI: 1.19-2.54), particularly among mothers with low schooling levels (adjusted OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.14-4.6). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest an association between periodontal disease and low birth weight among mothers with low education levels.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Intervalos de Confiança , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
6.
Cad Saude Publica ; 24(3): 495-502, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18327437

RESUMO

This study investigated the hypotheses that occupational exposure to acid mists is positively associated with periodontal disease, assessed by periodontal attachment loss. The study sample included 530 male workers at a metal processing factory. Data were obtained from interviews and oral examinations. Periodontal attachment loss was defined as >or= 4mm at probing, in at least one tooth. A job exposure matrix was utilized for exposure evaluation. Exposure to acid mists was positively associated with periodontal attachment loss >or= 4mm at any time (prevalence ratio, PR(adjusted) = 2.17), past (PR(adjusted) = 2.11), and over 6 years of exposure (PR(adjusted) = 1.77), independently of age, alcohol consumption, and smoking, and these results were limited to workers who did not use dental floss. Exposure to acid mists is a potential risk factor for periodontal attachment loss, and further studies are needed, using longitudinal designs and more accurate exposure measures.


Assuntos
Ácidos/toxicidade , Metalurgia , Doenças Profissionais/induzido quimicamente , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Cad. saúde pública ; 24(3): 495-502, mar. 2008. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-476582

RESUMO

This study investigated the hypotheses that occupational exposure to acid mists is positively associated with periodontal disease, assessed by periodontal attachment loss. The study sample included 530 male workers at a metal processing factory. Data were obtained from interviews and oral examinations. Periodontal attachment loss was defined as > 4mm at probing, in at least one tooth. A job exposure matrix was utilized for exposure evaluation. Exposure to acid mists was positively associated with periodontal attachment loss > 4mm at any time (prevalence ratio, PRadjusted = 2.17), past (PRadjusted = 2.11), and over 6 years of exposure (PRadjusted = 1.77), independently of age, alcohol consumption, and smoking, and these results were limited to workers who did not use dental floss. Exposure to acid mists is a potential risk factor for periodontal attachment loss, and further studies are needed, using longitudinal designs and more accurate exposure measures.


Este estudo investigou a hipótese de que a exposição ocupacional a névoas ácidas está associada positivamente à doença periodontal, avaliada através da perda de inserção periodontal. O estudo foi conduzido com 530 trabalhadores do sexo masculino de uma metalúrgica. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas individuais e de exames clínicos odontológicos. A perda de inserção periodontal foi avaliada durante a sondagem e definida em > 4mm, em pelo menos um dente. Uma matriz de exposição ocupacional foi utilizada para avaliação da exposição. A exposição a névoas ácidas foi associada positivamente à perda de inserção periodontal > 4mm para a ocorrência da exposição em algum momento (RPajustada = 2,17), exposição passada (RPajustada = 2,11) e duração da exposição maior que seis anos (RPajustada = 1,77), independentemente da idade, consumo de álcool e tabagismo; estes resultados foram observados apenas entre os trabalhadores que não usavam o fio dental. A exposição a névoas ácidas é um fator de risco potencial para a perda de inserção periodontal e são necessários outros estudos que utilizem desenhos longitudinais e medidas de exposição mais acuradas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Ácidos Inorgânicos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Metalurgia , Exposição Ocupacional , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/etiologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Modelos Logísticos
8.
J Clin Periodontol ; 34(11): 957-63, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17935500

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the use of different definitions for exposure measurement in cases of association between periodontal disease (PD) and prematurity and/or low birth weight (PLBW). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A database from a previous case-control study was used to compare four different definitions for periodontitis: at least one site with probing depth > or =4 mm (1); at least one site with clinical attachment loss (CAL)> or =3 mm (2); at least four teeth with one or more sites presenting probing depth > or =4 mm, with CAL> or =3 mm at the same site (3); and at least four teeth with one or more sites with probing depth > or =4 mm, with CAL> or =3 mm at the same site and presence of bleeding on probing (4). The PD frequency, diagnostic values and adjusted association measurements were calculated. RESULTS: PD frequency ranged from 33.1% to 94.7%. Odds ratio(adjusted) varied slightly according to the exposure measurement used. CONCLUSIONS: The association between PD and PLBW weight was consistent, except for exposure measurement 1, i.e. using at least one site with CAL> or =3 mm for periodontitis diagnosis, while the magnitude of this varied according to the definition established.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal/instrumentação , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
J Periodontol ; 78(9): 1731-40, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17760543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical importance of systemic bone loss as a contributory factor to alveolar bone loss and the subsequent loss of teeth merits further study, given that osteoporosis and periodontal disease lead to significantly increased morbidity and mortality and higher public expenditure of funds. This case-control study evaluated the association between osteoporosis and periodontal disease. METHODS: The sample consisted of 139 postmenopausal women: 48 in the case group (with periodontal disease) and 91 in the control group (without periodontal disease). The diagnosis of periodontal disease was established following a complete clinical examination using measurements of probing depth, gingival recession and hyperplasia, clinical attachment loss, and bleeding index, and confirmed by panoramic radiography. The diagnosis of osteoporosis was made by reviewing densitometry reports obtained previously. Descriptive, stratified, and logistic regression analyses were applied to the data collected. Comparison of proportions was performed using the chi(2) and Fisher tests. Association measurements (odds ratios [ORs]) with and without adjustment for confounding factors and control for effect modifiers were obtained at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: The OR(unadjusted) for the principal association was 2.58 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01 to 6.82). In subgroup analyses of the stratified model, the OR(unadjusted) for low education was 6.40 (95% CI: 1.77 to 23.18). When adjusted for smoking habit and age, the OR(adjusted) was 7.05 (95% CI: 1.90 to 26.19), which also was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and low educational levels have a greater chance of having periodontal disease than do those without osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Modelos Logísticos , Razão de Chances , Índice Periodontal , Fatores de Risco
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 20(3): 257-62, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17119710

RESUMO

To estimate the prevalence and related aspects of periodontitis in a rural area of the State of Bahia, Brazil, this cross-sectional study was carried out in the village of Matinha dos Pretos, Feira de Santana County, Bahia, among 172 subjects ranging from 20 to 60 years of age. During household visits, a full-mouth periodontal exam was performed on each subject, who also answered a questionnaire about socio-demographic, economic and health-related issues. The factors assessed were plaque index, bleeding on probing index, probing depth, gingival recession or hyperplasia measurements. Clinical attachment loss was also calculated. The multivariate logistic regression method was used to evaluate the relative contribution of these factors to the periodontitis condition. The prevalence of periodontitis was 24.4%. The following factors were all positively associated with the presence of periodontitis: being male (OR = 1.58; 1.00 - 2.53), being 30 years of age or older (OR = 2.80; 1.00 - 7.39), living in a house where there was more than one person per room (OR = 1.53; 0.96 - 2.45), being a cigarette or pipe smoker or ex-smoker (OR = 1.49; 0.92 - 2.39), having a plaque index of over 65% (OR = 2.97; 2.72 - 7.39) and more than four missing teeth (OR = 1.51; 0.82 - 2.78). The authors concluded that socioeconomic and biological factors, especially poor oral hygiene and older age, are positively associated with periodontitis in the rural population of a small village in the county of Feira de Santana, State of Bahia, Brazil.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/epidemiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
Braz. oral res ; 20(3): 257-262, Jul.-Sept. 2006. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-435816

RESUMO

To estimate the prevalence and related aspects of periodontitis in a rural area of the State of Bahia, Brazil, this cross-sectional study was carried out in the village of Matinha dos Pretos, Feira de Santana County, Bahia, among 172 subjects ranging from 20 to 60 years of age. During household visits, a full-mouth periodontal exam was performed on each subject, who also answered a questionnaire about socio-demographic, economic and health-related issues. The factors assessed were plaque index, bleeding on probing index, probing depth, gingival recession or hyperplasia measurements. Clinical attachment loss was also calculated. The multivariate logistic regression method was used to evaluate the relative contribution of these factors to the periodontitis condition. The prevalence of periodontitis was 24.4 percent. The following factors were all positively associated with the presence of periodontitis: being male (OR = 1.58; 1.00 - 2.53), being 30 years of age or older (OR = 2.80; 1.00 - 7.39), living in a house where there was more than one person per room (OR = 1.53; 0.96 - 2.45), being a cigarette or pipe smoker or ex-smoker (OR = 1.49; 0.92 - 2.39), having a plaque index of over 65 percent (OR = 2.97; 2.72 - 7.39) and more than four missing teeth (OR = 1.51; 0.82 - 2.78). The authors concluded that socioeconomic and biological factors, especially poor oral hygiene and older age, are positively associated with periodontitis in the rural population of a small village in the county of Feira de Santana, State of Bahia, Brazil.


Para estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados à periodontite em uma área rural do Estado da Bahia foi realizado um estudo transversal com 172 indivíduos, de 20 a 60 anos de idade residentes no povoado de Matinha dos Pretos, Feira de Santana (BA). Durante visitas domiciliares, um exame clínico periodontal completo foi realizado para cada indivíduo, que também respondeu a um questionário a respeito de fatores sociodemográficos, econômicos e relacionados à saúde. Foram avaliados índice de placa, índice de sangramento à sondagem, profundidade de sondagem, medidas de recessão ou hiperplasia e calculada a perda de inserção clínica. Utilizou-se análise de regressão logística multivariada para avaliar a contribuição relativa desses fatores para a periodontite. A prevalência da doença periodontal foi de 24,42 por cento. Ser homem (OR = 1,58; 1,00 - 2,53), ter 30 anos ou mais de idade (OR = 2,80; 1,00 - 7,39), residir em casas com mais de uma pessoa por cômodo (OR = 1,53; 0,96 - 2,45), fumar ou ser ex-fumante de cigarro ou cachimbo (OR = 1,49; 0,92 - 2,39), ter índice de placa maior do que 65 por cento (OR = 2,97; 2,72 - 7,39) e mais de quatro dentes ausentes (OR = 1,51; 0,82 - 2,78) estiveram associados positivamente com a presença de doença. Concluiu-se que fatores socioeconômicos e biológicos, especialmente a higiene bucal inadequada e idade elevada, estão associados positivamente com a presença de periodontite na população rural de um povoado no Estado da Bahia, Brasil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Higiene Bucal , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/epidemiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 39(5): 782-7, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16254655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have presented evidence that periodontal disease in pregnant women may be a determining factor for low birth weight. The present investigation was carried out to verify whether or not there is an association between maternal periodontal disease and low birth weight. METHODS: This was a case-control study on 302 women, of whom 102 were the mothers of live newborns of low weight (case group) and 200 were the mothers of live newborns of normal birth weight (control group). The existence of an association between periodontal disease and low birth weight was evaluated by means of a multivariate logistic regression model that considered other risk factors for low weight. RESULTS: The two groups were comparable with regard to age, height, pre-gestational weight, smoking, alcohol use, previous diseases, marital status, socioeconomic status, frequency of tooth-brushing and use of dental floss, number of meals per day and visits to the dentist. Periodontal disease was diagnosed in 57.8% of the mothers in the case group and 39.0% in the control group. Logistic regression analysis indicated a positive association between periodontal disease and low birth weight (unadjusted OR=2.15; 95% CI: 1.32-3.48), especially among the mothers with schooling of less than or equal to four years (ORadjusted=3.98; 95% CI: 1.58-10.10). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal disease is a possible risk factor for low birth weight.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Rev. saúde pública ; 39(5): 782-787, out. 2005. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-414943

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Estudos recentes têm apresentado evidências de que a doença periodontal em gestantes pode ser um dos determinantes do baixo peso ao nascer. Realizou-se estudo para verificar a existência de associação entre doença periodontal materna e baixo peso ao nascer. MÉTODOS: Estudo do tipo caso-controle com 302 mulheres, sendo 102 mães de nascidos vivos de baixo peso (grupo caso) e 200 mães de nascidos vivos com peso normal (grupo controle). A existência de associação entre doença periodontal e baixo peso ao nascer foi avaliada mediante modelo multivariado de regressão logística, considerando outros fatores de risco para o baixo peso. RESULTADOS: Ambos os grupos de mães eram comparáveis no que se refere a idade, altura, peso pré-gestacional, tabagismo, alcoolismo, doenças prévias, estado civil, situação socioeconômica, número de escovações e uso de fio dental, número de refeições diárias, e visitas ao dentista. A doença periodontal foi diagnosticada em 57,8 por cento das mães do grupo caso e 39,0 por cento do grupo controle. A análise de regressão logística indicou associação positiva entre doença periodontal e baixo peso ao nascer (ORbruto=2,15; IC 95 por cento: 1,32-3,48), especialmente entre as mães com escolaridade menor ou igual a quatro anos (ORajustada=3,98; IC 95 por cento: 1,58-10,10). CONCLUSÕES: A doença periodontal é um possível fator de risco para o baixo peso ao nascer.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Gestantes , Periodontite , Complicações na Gravidez
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