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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(7): 3228-3250, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893553

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases and is essential for B cell receptor (BCR) mediated signaling. BTK also plays a critical role in the downstream signaling pathways for the Fcγ receptor in monocytes, the Fcε receptor in granulocytes, and the RANK receptor in osteoclasts. As a result, pharmacological inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. This article will outline the evolution of our strategy to identify a covalent, irreversible inhibitor of BTK that has the intrinsic potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic properties necessary to provide a rapid rate of inactivation systemically following a very low dose. With excellent in vivo efficacy and a very desirable tolerability profile, 5a (branebrutinib, BMS-986195) has advanced into clinical studies.

2.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Med Chem ; 59(17): 7915-35, 2016 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27531604

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) belongs to the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and plays a critical role in multiple cell types responsible for numerous autoimmune diseases. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SARs) leading to a novel second generation series of potent and selective reversible carbazole inhibitors of BTK. With an excellent pharmacokinetic profile as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable safety profile, 7-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-[2-methyl-3-(4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole-1-carboxamide 6 (BMS-935177) was selected to advance into clinical development.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/química , Carbazóis/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinazolinonas/química , Administração Oral , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Antirreumáticos/síntese química , Antirreumáticos/farmacocinética , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbazóis/síntese química , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cães , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Permeabilidade , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
J Med Chem ; 57(18): 7550-64, 2014 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25101488
5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 54(2): 324-30, 2011 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20934292

RESUMO

The thermal properties of three matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors were investigated using a variety of instrumental methods. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed highly exothermic processes for all compounds above 200°C, and thermogravimetric analysis resulted in significant step-wise weight losses at the temperatures corresponding to the exothermic transitions. Hot stage microscopy observations for several compounds showed evolution of gas bubbles from crystals at temperatures that correlated with the exotherms. Thermal decomposition involving the hydroxamic acid functional group was suspected and further evaluated using various analytical techniques including reversed-phase HPLC, LC-MS-MS, TGA-FTIR and NMR. The mechanism proposed in the thermal decomposition involves a Lossen Rearrangement to form a dimeric species containing a urea linkage.


Assuntos
Dimerização , Temperatura Alta , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/química , Modelos Químicos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tecnologia Farmacêutica , Temperatura Ambiente , Termogravimetria
6.
Pharm Dev Technol ; 9(3): 239-45, 2004 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15458230

RESUMO

The effect of some processing and formulation variables on the stability of tablets containing a crystalline salt of a triazine derivative was studied. The salt has a relatively low melting point and a low microenvironmental pH due to the weakly basic nature of the parent compound (pKa = 4.0). This compound decomposes through acid-catalyzed hydrolysis. A full factorial design was used to study the effect of three variables on tablet stability: aqueous wet granulation, ball milling of the salt and filler prior to manufacturing, and the inclusion of sodium carbonate in the formulation as a pH modifier. In addition to the factorial design experiments, a batch of tablets was prepared by wet granulation, using sodium bicarbonate as the pH modifier. Stability of the drug in tablets was evaluated at 40 degrees C/75% relative humidity (RH) and at 40 degrees C/ambient humidity. Stability of tablets was adversely affected by wet granulation. However, stability was greatly improved by wet granulation in the presence of sodium carbonate. While sodium carbonate enhanced drug stability in the tablets, regardless of the manufacturing process, wet granulated tablets were more stable than tablets containing sodium carbonate and prepared without wet granulation. Similarly prepared tablets by using sodium bicarbonate were remarkably less stable compared with those containing sodium carbonate. The use of sodium bicarbonate as a pH modifier resulted in only marginal enhancement of tablet stability, suggesting that a higher microenvironmental pH than that provided by sodium bicarbonate is needed to maximize stability. Despite the low lattice energy of the salt and the potential for disruption of salt crystallinity by mechanical stress, milling did not appear to have an adverse effect on tablet stability under the current experimental conditions. This study shows that selection of the proper manufacturing process, in conjunction with the appropriate pH modifier, could be critical to dosage form stability.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Preparações Farmacêuticas/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Umidade , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Tamanho da Partícula , Pós , Comprimidos
7.
J Pharm Sci ; 91(12): 2599-604, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12434404

RESUMO

Roxifiban was found to exist in two polymorphic forms. The polymorphs were detected by X-ray powder diffraction and solid-state carbon nuclear magnetic resonance. A slight difference between the two polymorphs was also detected by isothermal microcalorimetry. However, no differences were observed by differential scanning calorimetry, infrared, or Raman spectroscopy. Solubility studies as a function of temperature in a discriminating solvent system permitted characterization of the thermodynamics of the polymorphs. The enthalpy of solution at 25 degrees C was 8.1 kcal/mol and 8.9 kcal/mol for Form I and Form II, respectively, and the thermodynamic transition point was 132 degrees C. The data confirm that the polymorphs are enantiotropic. Form II is the thermodynamically stable crystal form over the practical range of drug substance storage and handling and dosage form processing and storage. However, Form I has been kinetically stable after storage for more than 36 months at 25 degrees C/60% relative humidity with no conversion to Form II occurring.


Assuntos
Amidinas/análise , Amidinas/química , Isoxazóis/análise , Isoxazóis/química , Calorimetria/métodos , Química Farmacêutica
8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 30(1): 125-9, 2002 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12151072

RESUMO

Roxifiban, an experimental antithrombotic prodrug, exists as crystalline forms I and II. A quantitative solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method was developed to characterize the two polymorphs of roxifiban. The differences in the NMR spectra of the polymorphs were utilized in analyses of physical blends of the pure crystalline forms to establish a calibration curve. A detection limit of 9% form II in form I was determined from analysis of a 10% form II blend. Solid-state NMR was a valuable technique to quantify the polymorphic purity of roxifiban where other techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) could not be used for this purpose.


Assuntos
Amidinas/análise , Isoxazóis/análise , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas/antagonistas & inibidores , Calibragem , Cristalização , Indicadores e Reagentes , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
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