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1.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer patients have a high rate of complications during the postoperative period that could increase their morbidity rate. Arginine has been shown to improve healing and to modulate inflammation and immune response. The aim of our study was to assess whether use of arginine-enriched enteral formulas could decrease fistulas and length of stay (LoS). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in patients who had undergone head and neck cancer surgery and were receiving enteral nutrition through a nasogastric tube in the postoperative period between January 2012 and May 2018. The differences associated to use of immunoformula vs. standard formulas were analysed. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, and nutritional intervention variables, as well as nutritional parameters, were recorded during the early postoperative period. Occurrence of complications (fistulas), length of hospital stay, readmissions, and 90-day mortality were recorded. RESULTS: In a univariate analysis, patients who received nutritional support with immunonutrition had a lower fistula occurrence rate (17.91% vs. 32.84%; p=0.047) and a shorter mean LoS [28.25 (SD 16.11) vs. 35.50 (SD 25.73) days; p=0.030]. After adjusting for age, energy intake, aggressiveness of surgery and tumour stage, fistula occurrence rate and LoS were similar in both groups irrespective of the type of formula. CONCLUSIONS: Use of arginine-enriched enteral nutrition appears to decrease the occurrence of fistulas in the postoperative period in patients with head and neck cancer, with a resultant reduction in length of hospital stay. However, the differences disappeared after adjusting for age, tumour stage, or aggressiveness of the surgery.

2.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(3): 734-742, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144978

RESUMO

Introduction: The Management Working Group of SENPE has among its objectives the development of evaluation processes in Clinical Nutrition. Previously, the document entitled "Process of nutritional care: self-evaluation guide" was prepared as a tool designed to help assess the quality of nutritional therapy in hospitalized patients, mainly from the perspective of artificial nutrition. Now a complementary text of the previous one is presented, that describes the process by which hospitalized patients are fed. We have divided the hospital feeding process into six sections, for which a general description is made and quality indicators are proposed. We hope that this work will serve to improve the quality of hospital food and to help hospital food professionals to make their work more satisfactory and effective.

4.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(2): 296-302, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-1781

RESUMO

Introducción: en la población geriátrica institucionalizada existe un elevado número de adultos mayores dependientes y en riesgo de malnutrición. Entre otros, los factores relacionados son la pérdida de peso inherente a la edad, que favorece la fragilidad y la sarcopenia, el índice de masa corporal (IMC) bajo y el empeoramiento de enfermedades crónicas, lo cual conlleva un deterioro en la calidad de vida. Objetivo: analizar la relación entre dependencia y estado nutricional en personas mayores que viven institucionalizadas. Método: estudio prospectivo observacional y descriptivo en una muestra de ancianos institucionalizados. Se valoraron la dependencia mediante el índice de Barthel, el género, el IMC, la presencia de enfermedades crónicas y el estado nutricional mediante el Mini Nutricional Assessment (MNA). La asociación entre las distintas variables se llevó a cabo mediante la correlación de Spearman. Resultados: ciento sesenta y cuatro pacientes fueron incluidos en el estudio. Según el índice de Barthel, el 45,10% (n = 74) de los pacientes tenían una dependencia total y un 18,30% (n = 30), una dependencia moderada. Las mujeres tenían mayor riesgo de dependencia total que los hombres (p < 0,0001). Existió una relación significativa entre el nivel de dependencia y el estado nutricional: a mayor dependencia, mayor riesgo de desnutrición (p < 0,0001). Los residentes que tenían bajo peso tenían un riesgo mayor de sufrir dependencia total en un RR de 11,05 (IC 95% 4,41; 27,7). Los residentes que presentaban demencia tenían mayor dependencia (p < 0,0001). Conclusión: la mayoría de los ancianos institucionalizados presentaron algún grado de dependencia, lo que implicó un riesgo para el estado nutricional que se vio agravado si padecían demencia y bajo peso


Background: there is a high number of dependent older adults with risk of malnutrition in the institutionalized geriatric population. Among others, the related factors are weight loss inherent to age, which favors frailty and sarcopenia, low body mass index (BMI) and the worsening of chronic diseases, which entails a deterioration in the quality of life. Objective: to analyze the relationship between dependence and nutritional status in elderly institutionalized people. Method: prospective observational and descriptive study in a sample of elderly institutionalized people. Dependence was studied by the Barthel index, sex, BMI, presence of chronic diseases and nutritional status with the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). The association between the different variables was made with the Spearman correlation. Results: one hundred and sixty-four patients were included in the study; 45.10% (n = 74) of the patients had a total dependence and 18.30% (n = 30) had a moderate dependence. Women had a higher risk of total dependence than men (p < 0.0001). There was a significant relationship between the level of dependence and nutritional status, so that greater dependence increased the risk of malnutrition (p < 0.0001). Patients who were underweight had a greater risk of total dependence (RR 11.05 [95% CI 4.41, 27.7]). Patients with dementia were more dependent (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: most of the institutionalized elderly people presented some degree of dependence, which supposed a risk for the nutritional status that was aggravated if they suffered dementia and low weight

5.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(2): 372-378, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-1792

RESUMO

Introduction: oncohematological diseases are associated with a high prevalence of malnutrition during hospitalization. Our aim was to analyze the appearance and repercussions of malnutrition in well-nourished hematological inpatients at admission. Method: a prospective one-year study conducted in hematology inpatients. The Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) was used at admission and repeated weekly. Patients with a negative screening at admission who developed malnutrition during hospitalization constituted our study sample. A nutritional evaluation and intervention was performed. We also analyzed the effect of newly diagnosed malnutrition on patients’ outcomes in comparison with the outcomes of patients that remained well-nourished during hospitalization. Results: twenty-one percent of hematological inpatients who were well nourished at admission developed malnutrition during hospitalization. Of the patients, 62.4% needed a nutritional intervention (100% oral supplements, 21.4% diet changes, 5.2% parenteral nutrition). After intervention, an increase in real intake was achieved (623 kcal and 27.3 g of protein/day). Weight loss was slowed and visceral protein was stabilized. Length of stay was 8.5 days longer for our sample than for well-nourished patients. Conclusions: newly diagnosed malnutrition appeared in one in five hematological well-nourished inpatients, leading to a longer length of stay. Nutritional intervention improved intake and nutritional status. Nutritional surveillance should be mandatory


Introducción: las enfermedades oncohematológicas asocian una elevada prevalencia de malnutrición, especialmente durante la hospitalización. Objetivo: analizar la aparición de malnutrición y su repercusión en pacientes normonutridos al ingreso. Métodos: estudio prospectivo de un año en una cohorte de ingresados hematológicos. El Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) se realizó al ingreso, repitiéndose semanalmente. Los pacientes con cribado negativo al ingreso que desarrollaron malnutrición durante la hospitalización constituyeron nuestra muestra. Se realizó evaluación e intervención nutricional, analizando el efecto de la aparición de malnutrición en el pronóstico, comparado con los pacientes que permanecieron normonutridos. Resultados: el 21% de los pacientes normonutridos al ingreso desarrolló malnutrición en la hospitalización. El 62.4% precisó intervención nutricional (100% suplementos orales, 21,4% cambios dietéticos, 5.2% nutrición parenteral). La intervención logró un aumento de ingesta real de 623 kcal y 27,3 g proteína/día, frenando la pérdida de peso y estabilizando las proteínas viscerales. La estancia fue 8,5 días mayor en nuestra muestra que en los pacientes que permanecieron normonutridos. Conclusiones: uno de cada cinco ingresados normonutridos al ingreso desarrolló malnutrición en la hospitalización, asociando mayor estancia. La intervención nutricional puede mejorar la ingesta y el estado nutricional, por tanto, la vigilancia nutricional debería ser obligatoria

6.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(2): 372-378, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868901

RESUMO

Introduction: Introduction: oncohematological diseases are associated with a high prevalence of malnutrition during hospitalization. Our aim was to analyze the appearance and repercussions of malnutrition in well-nourished hematological inpatients at admission. Method: a prospective one-year study conducted in hematology inpatients. The Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) was used at admission and repeated weekly. Patients with a negative screening at admission who developed malnutrition during hospitalization constituted our study sample. A nutritional evaluation and intervention was performed. We also analyzed the effect of newly diagnosed malnutrition on patients' outcomes in comparison with the outcomes of patients that remained well-nourished during hospitalization. Results: twenty-one percent of hematological inpatients who were well nourished at admission developed malnutrition during hospitalization. Of the patients, 62.4% needed a nutritional intervention (100% oral supplements, 21.4% diet changes, 5.2% parenteral nutrition). After intervention, an increase in real intake was achieved (623 kcal and 27.3 g of protein/day). Weight loss was slowed and visceral protein was stabilized. Length of stay was 8.5 days longer for our sample than for well-nourished patients. Conclusions: newly diagnosed malnutrition appeared in one in five hematological well-nourished inpatients, leading to a longer length of stay. Nutritional intervention improved intake and nutritional status. Nutritional surveillance should be mandatory.

7.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(2): 296-302, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868902

RESUMO

Introduction: Background: there is a high number of dependent older adults with risk of malnutrition in the institutionalized geriatric population. Among others, the related factors are weight loss inherent to age, which favors frailty and sarcopenia, low body mass index (BMI) and the worsening of chronic diseases, which entails a deterioration in the quality of life. Objective: to analyze the relationship between dependence and nutritional status in elderly institutionalized people. Method: prospective observational and descriptive study in a sample of elderly institutionalized people. Dependence was studied by the Barthel index, sex, BMI, presence of chronic diseases and nutritional status with the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). The association between the different variables was made with the Spearman correlation. Results: one hundred and sixty-four patients were included in the study; 45.10% (n = 74) of the patients had a total dependence and 18.30% (n = 30) had a moderate dependence. Women had a higher risk of total dependence than men (p < 0.0001). There was a significant relationship between the level of dependence and nutritional status, so that greater dependence increased the risk of malnutrition (p < 0.0001). Patients who were underweight had a greater risk of total dependence (RR 11.05 [95% CI 4.41, 27.7]). Patients with dementia were more dependent (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: most of the institutionalized elderly people presented some degree of dependence, which supposed a risk for the nutritional status that was aggravated if they suffered dementia and low weight.

8.
Nutr Hosp ; 35(3): 511-518, 2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29974755

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: home enteral nutrition (HEN) has undergone an important development; however, there is a notable lack of information with regard to its incidence and characteristics. OBJECTIVES: our aim was to assess the state of HEN in our area. METHODS: an observational, prospective study, involving all patients who had initiated HEN in the Nutrition Unit during a year. Epidemiological, functional, and nutritional evolution of the patients was described and incidence of HEN was calculated. RESULTS: HEN incidences totalled 229/100,000 inhabitants/year. The HEN population in our area was characterized by the aged and a high frequency of comorbidity and functional limitations. Neurological and oncological diseases accounted for 50% of indications. The remaining cases were malnourished patients who had received short periods of HEN after hospitalization or a hip fracture. Oral supplements (60%) with standard and hypercaloric formulas were used the most. At baseline, 75% of the patients suffered from malnutrition. During the follow-up, patients showed weight gain (1.6%), an increase in the percentage of normal weight and overweight (from 74% to 82.7%, p = 0.001) and a reduction in pressure ulcers (15.7% vs10.3%, p < 0.001). The median duration of HEN was 8.5 months. Only a quarter of the patients experienced complications (mostly mild gastrointestinal complications); 43.1% had died at the end of the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: in our area, the HEN incidence was much higher than those described in the literature. HEN appears to be a safe therapy with few complications that improves the nutritional status of the patients, even with short periods of administration.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Nutrição Enteral/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Enteral/mortalidade , Feminino , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
9.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(3): 511-518, mayo-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-180104

RESUMO

Introduction: home enteral nutrition (HEN) has undergone an important development; however, there is a notable lack of information with regard to its incidence and characteristics. Objectives: our aim was to assess the state of HEN in our area. Methods: an observational, prospective study, involving all patients who had initiated HEN in the Nutrition Unit during a year. Epidemiological, functional, and nutritional evolution of the patients was described and incidence of HEN was calculated. Results: HEN incidences totalled 229/100,000 inhabitants/year. The HEN population in our area was characterized by the aged and a high frequency of comorbidity and functional limitations. Neurological and oncological diseases accounted for 50% of indications. The remaining cases were malnourished patients who had received short periods of HEN after hospitalization or a hip fracture. Oral supplements (60%) with standard and hypercaloric formulas were used the most. At baseline, 75% of the patients suffered from malnutrition. During the follow-up, patients showed weight gain (1.6%), an increase in the percentage of normal weight and overweight (from 74% to 82.7%, p = 0.001) and a reduction in pressure ulcers (15.7% vs10.3%, p < 0.001). The median duration of HEN was 8.5 months. Only a quarter of the patients experienced complications (mostly mild gastrointestinal complications); 43.1% had died at the end of the follow-up. Conclusions: in our area, the HEN incidence was much higher than those described in the literature. HEN appears to be a safe therapy with few complications that improves the nutritional status of the patients, even with short periods of administration


Introducción: la nutrición enteral domiciliaria (NED) ha experimentado un importante desarrollo, aunque aún existe una notable carencia de información acerca de su incidencia y características. Objetivos: evaluar el estado de la NED en nuestra área. Métodos: estudio observacional y prospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes que iniciaron NED en el periodo de un año. Describimos su evolución epidemiológica, funcional y nutricional y calculamos la incidencia de NED. Resultados: la incidencia de NED alcanzó los 229/100.000 habitantes/año. La población con NED se caracterizó por ser añosa, con una elevada frecuencia de comorbilidad y limitación funcional. Las enfermedades neurológicas y oncológicas representaron el 50% de las indicaciones. El resto fueron pacientes malnutridos que recibieron periodos cortos de NED tras una hospitalización o fractura de cadera. Los suplementos orales con fórmulas estándar o hipercalóricas fueron los más utilizados (60%). Al inicio, el 75% de los pacientes tenía malnutrición. En el seguimiento, los pacientes lograron aumento de peso (1,6%) y mayor porcentaje de normopeso o sobrepeso (de 74% a 82,7%, p = 0,001). Las úlceras por presión se redujeron (15,7% vs. 10,3%, p < 0,001). La duración mediana de NED fue 8,5 meses. Solo una cuarta parte de los pacientes experimentaron complicaciones, la mayoría de ellas gastrointestinales y leves. El 43,1% había fallecido al final del seguimiento. Conclusiones: en nuestra área, la incidencia de NED es más elevada respecto a lo descrito en la literatura. La NED es un tratamiento seguro con pocas complicaciones que mejora el estado nutricional de los pacientes, incluso con periodos cortos de administración


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Nutrição Enteral/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Comorbidade , Nutrição Enteral/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Enteral/mortalidade , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Incidência , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
10.
Int J Med Sci ; 14(11): 1065-1071, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29104459

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Abdominal radiotherapy (RT) causes harm to the mid gastrointestinal mucosa by release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and promotes autophagic changes in tumor cells. This study was aimed to measure the effect of glutamine administration on markers of inflammation and autophagy in cancer patients treated with RT. Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, controlled pilot trial 43 patients under abdominal RT diagnosed of pelvic or abdominal malignancies receiving glutamine (30 g/d) or placebo (casein, 30 g/d). Patient recruitment took place in the Complejo Asistencial Universitario of León (CAULE), Spain. Patient evaluation took place at three different time points during the study: before RT (pre-treatment), in the middle of the RT period (mid-treatment), and after finishing RT (post-treatment). Data were compared by analysis of variance and the Newmann Keuls test. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. Results Abdominal RT increased whole blood mRNA levels of inflammatory and autophagic markers, but glutamine administration showed significantly lower expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), CD36, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Moreover, glutamine reduced the expression of the transcription factors nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1). Glutamine also inhibited the autophagic response, with changes in expression of beclin-1, UV radiation resistance associated gene (UVRAG), autophagy-related protein-5 (Atg5), protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), sequestosome 1 (p62/SQSTM1) and lysosome-associated membrane protein (LAMP)-1. Conclusions Findings provide evidence that glutamine decreases the inflammatory response and abolishes the changes of the autophagy machinery in patients receiving abdominal RT. The protective effect of glutamine must continue being investigated to disclose further molecular pathways.


Assuntos
Glutamina/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Autofagia/fisiologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(4): 989-996, 2017 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29095026

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Among the objectives of the SENPE Management Working Group is the development of knowledge and tools related to the evaluation of health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To obtain an approximate profile of clinical nutrition in hospitals in Spain, specifically concerning its organization, endowment, activities and quality indicators. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 through a structured survey sent to a random sample of 20% of hospitals from the network of the National Health System of Spain, stratified by the number of hospital beds. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 67% (83% in hospitals with over 200 beds). In 65% of hospitals, clinical nutrition is run by a coordinated team or unit, with a doctor working full time in only 50% of centers. Other professionals are often not recognized as part of the team or unit. There is a specialized monographic nutrition clinic in 62% of centers and 72% have more than 40 new inpatient consultations per month (27% with more than 80 per month). Among the centers with a clinical nutrition team or unit, there is a greater tendency to monitor quality indicators related to clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: There is widespread addition of clinical nutrition teams and units in hospitals in Spain. However, truly multidisciplinary organization is not often found. High workloads are assumed in relation to staffing levels. The existence of well-organized structures may be associated with benefits that directly affect attendance.


Assuntos
Terapia Nutricional/normas , Terapia Nutricional/tendências , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Unidades Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Espanha
12.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 64(8): 409-416, oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-171803

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the impact of the type of hospital kitchen on the dietary intake of patients. Methods: A cross-sectional, two-centre study, of cooking in a traditional kitchen (TK) and in a chilled kitchen (CK). Subjective global assessment (SGA) was used for nutritional diagnosis. Before study start, a dietician performed a nutritional assessment of the menus of each hospital. All dishes were weighed upon arrival to the ward and at the end of the meal. Results: 201 and 41 patients from the centres with TK and CK respectively were evaluated. Prevalence of malnutrition risk was 50.2% at the hospital with TK and 48.8% at the hospital with CK (p=0.328). Forty-eight and 56 dishes were nutritionally evaluated at the hospitals with TK and CK respectively. Intake analysis consisted of 1993 and 846 evaluations in the hospitals with TK and CK respectively. Median food consumption was 76.83% at the hospital with TK (IQR 45.76%) and 83.43% (IQR 40.49%) at the hospital with CK (p<0.001). Based on the prevalence of malnutrition, a higher protein and energy intake was seen in malnourished patients from the CK as compared to the TK hospital, but differences were not significant after adjustment for other factors. Conclusions: Cooking in a chilled kitchen, as compared to a traditional kitchen, may increase energy and protein intake in hospitalized patients, which is particularly beneficial for malnourished patients (AU)


Objetivo: Determinar el impacto de la organización de la cocina hospitalaria en la ingesta dietética del paciente hospitalizado. Metodología: Estudio transversal, realizado en dos centros hospitalarios, uno con cocina tradicional (CT) y otro con cocina en línea fría (CLF). La valoración subjetiva global fue empleada para el diagnóstico nutricional. Una dietista-nutricionista realizó una calibración nutricional de los platos y los menús de cada hospital antes de empezar el estudio. La técnica de valoración de la ingesta fue la pesada de alimentos antes y después de la ingesta, siempre en presencia del paciente. Resultados: Fueron reclutados 201 pacientes del centro con CT y 41 del CLF. La prevalencia de riesgo de desnutrición fue del 50,2% en el CT y de 48,8% en el CLF (p=0,328). En el CT fueron valorados nutricionalmente 48 platos y 56 del CLF. Respecto al análisis de la ingesta, se realizaron 1.993 registros en el centro CT y 846 en el centro CLF. La mediana de ingesta en el CT fue de 76,83% (RIC 45,76%) y 83,43% (RIC 40,49%) en el CLF (p<0,001). Teniendo en cuenta la prevalencia de malnutrición, se observó una mayor ingesta proteica y energética en pacientes malnutridos en el CLF en comparación con el CT, aunque estas diferencias no fueron significativas tras ajustarlas a diferentes factores de confusión. Conclusiones: Cocinar en una cocina en línea fría podría mejorar la ingesta calórica y proteica del paciente hospitalizado, especialmente en pacientes malnutridos (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Culinária/normas , Desnutrição/dietoterapia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração Hospitalar/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Nutrição/organização & administração , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Apoio Nutricional/métodos
13.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(5): 258-263, sept.-oct. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-165223

RESUMO

Objetivo. En España, el estudio FRIDEX ha aportado recientemente unos umbrales de riesgo coste-efectivos para el manejo de la osteoporosis. El objetivo del estudio es evaluar el impacto de su aplicación en la práctica clínica habitual, comparándola también con los umbrales de la National Osteoporosis Guidelines Group (NOGG). Material y métodos. Estudio transversal realizado en mujeres remitidas a una unidad de densitometría ósea. El riesgo absoluto de presentar una fractura mayor o de cadera se calculó mediante la fórmula FRAX® española y británica para poder emplear los umbrales de intervención de la calibración FRIDEX y de la guía NOGG, respectivamente. Se descartaron mujeres con tratamiento antirresortivo. Resultados. Fueron incluidas 607 mujeres con una mediana de edad de 59,4 (RIQ=14) años. El 31,4% recibieron tratamiento después de la densitometría ósea. El empleo de la calibración FRIDEX indicaría una densitometría ósea al 35,4% y tratamiento al 26,7%, lo que supondría una reducción de gastos a los 5años del 18,8%. Según la guía NOGG precisarían densitometría ósea el 32% y tratamiento el 21,3%, siendo el ahorro de un 35% a los 5años respeto a la actitud habitual. La concordancia de la guía NOGG y del FRIDEX según el coeficiente kappa de Cohen fue baja tanto a nivel diagnóstico (0,16 [IC95%: 0,09-0,24]) como terapéutico (0,39 [IC95%: 0,31-0,47]). Conclusiones. La aplicación de la calibración FRIDEX y de la guía NOGG aumentaría la eficiencia del manejo de la osteoporosis, aunque su concordancia es baja, indicando tratamiento en diferentes perfiles de mujeres (AU)


Objective. The recent FRIDEX calibration proposed cost-effectiveness thresholds for the Spanish population. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of its application in routine clinical practice and to compare its thresholds with those of the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG). Material and methods. Cross-sectional study in women referred to a bone densitometry unit who were not receiving antiresorptive therapy. The absolute risk of major fracture or hip fracture was calculated with the Spanish and British formulas of the FRAX® tool using the intervention thresholds of the FRIDEX calibration and the NOGG guideline, respectively. Results. The study included 607 women with a median age of 59.4 (IQR=14) years. Treatment was initiated in 31.4% after bone mineral densitometry. With the application of the FRIDEX calibration, bone mineral density testing would have been indicated in 35.4% of the sample and treatment in 26.7%, reducing costs by 18.8% over a 5-year period. The NOGG guideline would have recommended testing in 32% and treatment in 21.3% of the participants, resulting in a reduction in costs of 35% over 5years, when compared with the standard approach. Agreement between the FRIDEX calibration and the NOGG guideline, as defined by Cohen's kappa coefficient, was low in terms of both diagnostic (0.16 [95%CI, 0.09-0.24]) and therapeutic indications (0.39 [95%CI, 0.31-0.47]). Conclusions. The application of the FRIDEX calibration and the NOGG guideline improves efficiency in the management of osteoporosis, although the level of agreement between the two is low (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteoporose/terapia , Osteoporose , Osteoporose/economia , Calibragem/normas , Análise Custo-Eficiência , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Densitometria/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Custo-Benefício/organização & administração , Análise Custo-Benefício/normas
14.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 64(8): 409-416, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28895536

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the impact of the type of hospital kitchen on the dietary intake of patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional, two-centre study, of cooking in a traditional kitchen (TK) and in a chilled kitchen (CK). Subjective global assessment (SGA) was used for nutritional diagnosis. Before study start, a dietician performed a nutritional assessment of the menus of each hospital. All dishes were weighed upon arrival to the ward and at the end of the meal. RESULTS: 201 and 41 patients from the centres with TK and CK respectively were evaluated. Prevalence of malnutrition risk was 50.2% at the hospital with TK and 48.8% at the hospital with CK (p=0.328). Forty-eight and 56 dishes were nutritionally evaluated at the hospitals with TK and CK respectively. Intake analysis consisted of 1993 and 846 evaluations in the hospitals with TK and CK respectively. Median food consumption was 76.83% at the hospital with TK (IQR 45.76%) and 83.43% (IQR 40.49%) at the hospital with CK (p<0.001). Based on the prevalence of malnutrition, a higher protein and energy intake was seen in malnourished patients from the CK as compared to the TK hospital, but differences were not significant after adjustment for other factors. CONCLUSIONS: Cooking in a chilled kitchen, as compared to a traditional kitchen, may increase energy and protein intake in hospitalized patients, which is particularly beneficial for malnourished patients.

15.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(4): 989-996, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-165364

RESUMO

Introduction: Among the objectives of the SENPE Management Working Group is the development of knowledge and tools related to the evaluation of health outcomes. Objectives: To obtain an approximate profile of clinical nutrition in hospitals in Spain, specifically concerning its organization, endowment, activities and quality indicators. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 through a structured survey sent to a random sample of 20% of hospitals from the network of the National Health System of Spain, stratified by the number of hospital beds. Results: The overall response rate was 67% (83% in hospitals with over 200 beds). In 65% of hospitals, clinical nutrition is run by a coordinated team or unit, with a doctor working full time in only 50% of centers. Other professionals are often not recognized as part of the team or unit. There is a specialized monographic nutrition clinic in 62% of centers and 72% have more than 40 new inpatient consultations per month (27% with more than 80 per month). Among the centers with a clinical nutrition team or unit, there is a greater tendency to monitor quality indicators related to clinical practice. Conclusions: There is widespread addition of clinical nutrition teams and units in hospitals in Spain. However, truly multidisciplinary organization is not often found. High workloads are assumed in relation to staffing levels. The existence of well-organized structures may be associated with benefits that directly affect attendance (AU)


Introducción: el Grupo de Trabajo de Gestión de SENPE tiene entre sus objetivos el conocimiento y desarrollo de herramientas para la evaluación de resultados en salud. Objetivos: obtener un perfil aproximado de los equipos de Nutrición Clínica en los hospitales de España, específicamente sobre su organización, dotación, actividad e indicadores de calidad. Métodos: estudio transversal realizado en 2013 mediante una encuesta estructurada remitida a una muestra aleatoria del 20% de hospitales de la red del Sistema Nacional de Salud, estratificada por número de camas de hospitalización. Resultados: la tasa de respuesta global fue del 67% (83% en centros con más de doscientas camas). En el 65% de los centros, la Nutrición Clínica está a cargo de un equipo coordinado o una unidad, con médico a tiempo completo en solo un 50% de centros. Con frecuencia no se reconocen otros profesionales como parte del equipo o unidad. Existen consultas monográficas especializadas en nutrición clínica en un 62% y se atienden más de 40 nuevas consultas mensuales de hospitalización en el 72% de los centros (más de 80 en el 27%). Entre los centros con equipo de Nutrición se observa una mayor tendencia al seguimiento de indicadores de calidad relacionados con la práctica clínica. Conclusiones: la incorporación de equipos y unidades de Nutrición Clínica es amplia en los hospitales de España. No es frecuente una verdadera organización multidisciplinar y se asumen cargas de trabajo elevadas en relación a las dotaciones de personal. La existencia de estructuras bien organizadas puede acompañarse de beneficios que repercuten directamente en la calidad de la asistencia (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Avaliação Nutricional , Dietoterapia/métodos , Dietoterapia/normas , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Sociedades Médicas/normas
16.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(3): 719-726, 2017 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28627212

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nutritional support for malnourished patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery reduces the complication rate and shortens the length of stay. The efficacy of nutritional support after hospital discharge was analyzed in this systematic review. METHODS: The search strategy (nutrition OR "enteral nutrition" OR "nutritional supplements" OR "oral nutritional supplements" OR "sip feed" OR "sip feeding" OR "dietary counseling") AND ("patient discharge" OR discharge OR postdischarge) AND (surgery OR operation OR "surgical procedure") was followed in Medline, CENTRAL, and Trip databases. Inclusion criteria comprised: type of study (randomized controlled trial), language (English, Spanish), and subjects (patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery). The risk of bias was assessed by using the Cochrane methodology. RESULTS: Five studies which were published in six different articles and recruited 446 patients were included. A high risk of bias was detected for most of them. Nutritional support improved energy intake and protein intake when high-protein oral supplements were provided. The intervention was associated with better weight prognosis, but the data about body composition were inconsistent. In most of the trials, nutritional intervention did not enhance functional capacity or quality of life. None of the studies analyzed the effects on complications after discharge. CONCLUSION: Nutritional support provided at discharge may increase dietary intake and improve body weight, but the low quality of studies can weaken the validity of results.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Nutrição Enteral , Apoio Nutricional , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Ganho de Peso
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(3): 719-726, mayo-jun. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-164132

RESUMO

Introduction: Nutritional support for malnourished patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery reduces the complication rate and shortens the length of stay. The efficacy of nutritional support after hospital discharge was analyzed in this systematic review. Methods: The search strategy (nutrition OR «enteral nutrition» OR «nutritional supplements» OR «oral nutritional supplements» OR «sip feed» OR «sip feeding» OR «dietary counseling») AND («patient discharge» OR discharge OR postdischarge) AND (surgery OR operation OR «surgical procedure») was followed in Medline, CENTRAL, and Trip databases. Inclusion criteria comprised: type of study (randomized controlled trial), language (English, Spanish), and subjects (patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery). The risk of bias was assessed by using the Cochrane methodology. Results: Five studies which were published in six different articles and recruited 446 patients were included. A high risk of bias was detected for most of them. Nutritional support improved energy intake and protein intake when high-protein oral supplements were provided. The intervention was associated with better weight prognosis, but the data about body composition were inconsistent. In most of the trials, nutritional intervention did not enhance functional capacity or quality of life. None of the studies analyzed the effects on complications after discharge. Conclusion: Nutritional support provided at discharge may increase dietary intake and improve body weight, but the low quality of studies can weaken the validity of results (AU)


Introducción: el soporte nutricional en pacientes desnutridos sometidos a cirugía gastrointestinal reduce la tasa de complicaciones y acorta la duración de la estancia. En esta revisión sistemática se analiza su eficacia después del alta hospitalaria. Métodos: la estrategia de búsqueda (nutrition OR «enteral nutrition» OR «nutritional supplements» OR «oral nutritional supplements» OR «sip feed» OR «sip feeding» OR «dietary counseling») AND («patient discharge» OR discharge OR postdischarge) AND (surgery OR operation OR «surgical procedure») se introdujo en las bases Medline, CENTRAL y TripDatabase. Fueron criterios de inclusión: tipo de estudio (RCT), idioma (inglés, español) y población del estudio (pacientes sometidos a cirugía gastrointestinal). El riesgo de sesgo se evaluó mediante la metodología Cochrane. Resultados: se incluyeron cinco estudios (446 pacientes), publicados en seis artículos diferentes. Se detectó un alto riesgo de sesgo en la mayoría de ellos. El soporte nutricional mejoró la ingesta de energía y el consumo de proteínas cuando se proporcionaron suplementos orales hiperproteicos. La intervención se asoció con un mejor pronóstico de peso, pero los datos sobre la composición corporal fueron inconsistentes. En la mayoría de los estudios, la intervención nutricional no mejoró la capacidad funcional o la calidad de vida. Ninguno de los estudios analizó los efectos sobre las complicaciones después del alta. Conclusión: el soporte nutricional proporcionado después del alta puede aumentar la ingesta y mejorar el peso corporal, pero la baja calidad de los estudios debilita la validez de los resultados (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Apoio Nutricional , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Desnutrição/dietoterapia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/reabilitação , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Viés , Peso Corporal/fisiologia
18.
Appetite ; 114: 23-27, 2017 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28315777

RESUMO

Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-h recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both). Quality of life was measured using EORTC-QLQ-C30. Multivariate analysis was performed using linear regression. 128 patients were evaluated. 61.7% experienced changes in appetite: 31% anorexia, 13.3% early satiety, and 17.2% both. Appetite disorders were more common in women and with the presence of cachexia. The combination of anorexia and satiety resulted in a lower weight and BMI. However, there were no significant effects on energy or macronutrient intake among different appetite alterations. Patients with a combination of anorexia and early satiety had worse overall health perception, role function, and fatigue. Appetite disorders are highly prevalent among cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. They have a significant impact on nutritional status and quality of life, especially when anorexia and early satiety are combined.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia
19.
Nutrition ; 34: 97-100, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28063519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare two nutritional screening tools in oncohematologic inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a hematology ward from August to December 2015. Within the first 24 h of admission, the following nutritional screenings were performed: Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). Patients who stayed in the hematologic ward were reevaluated with the three screening tools 1 and 2 wk after admission. The SGA was used as the gold standard in the detection of malnutrition. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were included in the study. Of these, 61.9% were men, ages 64 y (SD = 17.9 y) with 90.5% having a diagnosis of cancer. The prevalence of patients with nutritional risk at admission was 17.5% with SGA, 16.7% at week 1, and 31.6% at week 2. According to MST, the prevalence was 41.3% at admission, 13.9% at week 1, and 15.8% at week 2. According to MUST, the prevalence was 36.5%, 25%, and 36.8%, respectively. The results of diagnostic tests on admission were an area under the curve receiver operating characteristic of 0.691 for MST and 0.830 for MUST at admission; at week 1, 0.717 for MST and 0.850 for MUST; and at week 2 of assessment, 0.506 for MST and 0.840 for MUST. CONCLUSION: MUST might be a better screening tool than MST for detecting the risk for malnutrition in oncohematological inpatients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
20.
Endocrine ; 55(1): 231-238, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27704480

RESUMO

Giant prolactinomas are rare tumors characterized by their large size, compressive symptoms, and extremely high prolactin secretion. The aim of this study is to describe our experience with a series of 16 giant prolactinomas cases in terms of clinical presentation, therapeutic decisions, and final outcomes. Retrospective analysis of adult patients diagnosed with giant prolactinomas at the endocrine departments of three university tertiary hospitals. We included 16 patients (43.7 % women); mean age at diagnosis: 42.1 ± 21 years. The most frequent presentation was compressive symptoms. The delay in diagnosis was higher in women (median of 150 months vs. 12 in men; p = 0.09). The mean maximum tumor diameter at diagnosis was 56.9 ± 15.5 mm, and mean prolactin levels were 10,995.9 ± 12,157.8 ng/mL. Dopamine agonists were the first-line treatment in 11 patients (mean maximum dose: 3.9 ± 3.2 mg/week). Surgery was the initial treatment in five patients and the second-line treatment in six. Radiotherapy was used in four cases. All patients but one, are still with dopamine agonists. After a mean follow-up of 9 years, prolactin normalized in 7/16 patients (43.7 %) and 13 patients (81 %) reached prolactin levels lower than twice the upper limit of normal. Mean prolactin level at last visit: 79.5 ± 143 ng/mL. Tumor volume was decreased by 93.8 ± 11.3 %, and final maximum tumor diameter was 18.4 ± 18.8 mm. Three patients are actually tumor free. Giant prolactinomas are characterized by a large tumor volume and extreme prolactin hypersecretion. Multimodal treatment is frequently required to obtain biochemical and tumor control.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Hipófise/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/terapia , Prolactinoma/terapia , Radioterapia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Prolactina/sangue , Prolactinoma/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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