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1.
Braz Dent J ; 29(3): 316-320, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972460

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of acts of aggression to the head, face and neck towards victims of Physical Violence against Children and Adolescents (PVCA) who were examined at the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences Delegation North (INMLCF-DN) in Porto, Portugal. A study was carried out on 2,148 complaints of physical aggression against children and adolescents (0 to less than 18 years old) occurred between 2009 and 2013 and which were retrieved from information about violence held on INMLCF-DN data files. Continuous variables were described and the association between them was verified by Chi-square or Fischer's Exact tests with 5% significance level. Within the 5-year timespan, 1,380 cases were identified with clinical relation with physical aggression. Most subjects evaluated were male adolescents and the most affected body region was the face, to which 747 injuries (24.7%) were recorded, with statistically significant association between sex and region (head and face). Victims in 15-17-year-old age group are more susceptible to violence than those in the 0-14-year-old age range. Dentists routinely examine the face, neck and skull, which make them the most appropriate health professionals to identify cases of aggression early.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Traumatismos Faciais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Lesões do Pescoço/epidemiologia , Portugal/epidemiologia , Prevalência
2.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 41(4): https://doi.org/10.22278/2318-2660.2017.v41.n4.a2404, jul. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-910493

RESUMO

Nos últimos anos, o uso da bicicleta como veículo tem sido estimulado por permitir maior mobilidade e evitar o sedentarismo. Entretanto, uma grande preocupação é o impacto de acidentes de trânsito sobre os usuários desse veículo. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a evolução da mortalidade desse tipo de acidente em uma série de 10 anos. Trata- -se de estudo quantitativo de dados secundários, que analisou todas as Declarações de Óbito causadas por acidentes de bicicleta ocorridos no Brasil entre 2001 e 2010. A análise descritiva foi determinada para todas as variáveis, e o cruzamento entre as variáveis sociodemográficas e a causa básica da morte foi realizado para encontrar uma associação estatística. Os resultados mostraram que, no período considerado, 14.381 mortes foram causadas por acidentes de bicicletas no Brasil, sendo mais frequente em homens, entre 25 e 59 anos, média de idade de 38,96 anos (DP = 18,757), brancos, solteiros e com 4-7 anos de educação. Concluiu-se que a mortalidade por esse tipo de acidente tem crescido, aumentando em torno de 45% em 10 anos.


In recent years, the use of bicycle as a vehicle has been stimulated for allowing greater mobility and avoiding sedentary lifestyle. However, a major concern is the impact of traffic accidents on the users of this vehicle. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the evolution of the mortality of this type of accident in a series of 10 years. This is a secondary data quantitative study, which analyzed all the Death Declarations of deaths caused by bicycle accidents in Brazil between 2001 and 2010. The descriptive analysis was determined for all variables, and the cross-referencing between sociodemographic variables and cause death was performed to find a statistical association. The results showed that, in the period considered, 14,381 deaths were caused by bicycle accidents in Brazil, being more frequent in men, aged between 25 and 59 years, mean age of 38.96 years (SD = 18,757), white, single and with 4-7 years of education. It was possible to conclude that mortality by this type of accident has increased, increasing by 45% in 10 years.


En los últimos años, el uso de la bicicleta como vehículo ha sido estimulado por permitir una mayor movilidad y evitar el sedentarismo. Sin embargo, una gran preocupación es el impacto de accidentes de tráfico sobre los usuarios de este vehículo. Así, el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la evolución de la mortalidad de este tipo de accidentes en una serie de 10 años. Tratase de un estudio cuantitativo de datos secundarios, que analizó todas las Declaraciones de Óbito causadas por accidentes de bicicleta ocurridos en Brasil entre 2001 y 2010. El análisis descriptivo fue determinado para todas las variables, y el cruzamiento entre las variables sociodemográficas y la causa básica de la muerte fue realizado para encontrar una asociación estadística. Los resultados mostraron que, en el período considerado, 14.381 muertes fueron causadas por accidentes de bicicletas en Brasil, siendo más frecuente en hombres, entre 25 a 59 años, media de edad de 38,96 años (DP = 18,757), blancos, solteros y con 4-7 años de educación. Concluyóse que la mortalidad por este tipo de accidentes ha crecido, aumentando en torno del 45% en 10 años.


Assuntos
Ciclismo , Acidentes de Trânsito , Mortalidade , Causas Externas
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 316-320, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-951556

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of acts of aggression to the head, face and neck towards victims of Physical Violence against Children and Adolescents (PVCA) who were examined at the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences Delegation North (INMLCF-DN) in Porto, Portugal. A study was carried out on 2,148 complaints of physical aggression against children and adolescents (0 to less than 18 years old) occurred between 2009 and 2013 and which were retrieved from information about violence held on INMLCF-DN data files. Continuous variables were described and the association between them was verified by Chi-square or Fischer's Exact tests with 5% significance level. Within the 5-year timespan, 1,380 cases were identified with clinical relation with physical aggression. Most subjects evaluated were male adolescents and the most affected body region was the face, to which 747 injuries (24.7%) were recorded, with statistically significant association between sex and region (head and face). Victims in 15-17-year-old age group are more susceptible to violence than those in the 0-14-year-old age range. Dentists routinely examine the face, neck and skull, which make them the most appropriate health professionals to identify cases of aggression early.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência de atos de agressão à cabeça, face e pescoço em relação às vítimas de Violência Física contra Crianças e Adolescentes (PVCA) que foram examinadas no Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal e Delegação de Ciências Forenses Norte (INMLCF -DN) no Porto, Portugal. Um estudo foi realizado em 2.148 queixas de agressão física contra crianças e adolescentes [0 a menores de 18 anos] ocorridas entre 2009 e 2013 e que foram recuperadas de informações sobre violência mantidas em arquivos de dados do INMLCF-DN. Variáveis contínuas foram descritas para verificar a suas correlações foram usados os testes do Chi-Quadrado e o Teste Exato de Fisher em um nível de significância de 5%. Nestes 5 anos, foram detectados 1.380 casos que apresentam nexo clínico com agressão física. As vítimas mais acometidas eram adolescentes do sexo masculino, a região do corpo mais atingida foi a face com 747 das lesões (24,7%) registradas. Há significância estatística no teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson na relação de gênero com a cabeça e o rosto. Dentistas rotineiramente examinam o crânio, rosto e pescoço que os torna os profissionais mais adequados para identificar casos de agressão precoce. Os adolescentes são mais suscetíveis à violência do que as crianças menores de 12 anos.

4.
J Interpers Violence ; : 886260517700616, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29294707

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of physical violence against children and adolescents (PVCA) in a 5-year period in the city of Porto, Portugal. All forensic reports between 2009 and 2013 in the clinical services of the North Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and forensic sciences were analyzed. Victims were classified according to sex, age, relationship with perpetrator, traumatic consequences of the event, and year of occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (Version 22.0). Continuous variables were described when appropriated frequencies were displayed. The association between variables was evaluated using chi-square, Fisher's exact test, or Kruskal-Wallis test, when appropriate and a logistic regression was performed. The margin of error for the statistical tests was 5.0%. A total of 2,148 occurrences were evaluated. Most subjects were male, and mean victim age was 13 years. The single most frequent perpetrator was an unknown individual, but most offenders were known to the victim. The majority site of injury was the face. The larger number of complaints of aggression maintained a similar frequency over the 5 years analyzed. A physical examination to confirm the reasons between the complaint and the type of aggression was performed and shown a high relationship. Adolescents were more susceptible to violence than younger children were. The most affected region was the face.

5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 10(2)Apr.-June 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-874258

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of cumulative trauma disorders (CTD), overweightand obesity and the association between them, among public health dentists. Methods: Thestudy included 150 dentists working at various public health system units in Recife, PE, Brazil. ABrazilian version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Symptoms Questionnaire was used. Obesity andoverweight were observed across the BMI (body mass index) recommended by the WorldHealth Organization. A descriptive analysis was carried out using SPSS 13.0 software. Results:Among respondents, 79.3% were female with a mean age of 44.42 years. The presence ofmusculoskeletal symptoms was reported by 138 (92%) of participants, 129 of whom linked thesymptoms to their work activity. The cervical region was the most involved, accounting for 104(14.3%) of the total 723 affected areas. Overweight was observed in 32% of the professionalsand obesity in 13%. Of the 150 participants, 30 (20%) received a medical diagnosis of CTD andof these, 13 (43.3%) had a high BMI. The 40-49-year-old age group was most affected by CTDand females were more affected than males, accounting for 22.7% of professionals interviewed.There was no significant association between the presence of CTD and overweight/obesity (p>0.05). Conclusions: However, given the multifactorial nature of occupational diseases, it islikely that overweight and obesity may act as a predisposing factor in these diseases, interactingand enhancing the effects of other important risk factors for the occurrence of work-relatedmusculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos , Obesidade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ganho de Peso
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 10(2): 130-135, Apr.-June 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-599387

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of cumulative trauma disorders (CTD), overweight and obesity and the association between them, among public health dentists. Methods: The study included 150 dentists working at various public health system units in Recife, PE, Brazil. A Brazilian version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Symptoms Questionnaire was used. Obesity and overweight were observed across the BMI (body mass index) recommended by the World Health Organization. A descriptive analysis was carried out using SPSS 13.0 software. Results: Among respondents, 79.3% were female with a mean age of 44.42 years. The presence of musculoskeletal symptoms was reported by 138 (92%) of participants, 129 of whom linked the symptoms to their work activity. The cervical region was the most involved, accounting for 104(14.3%) of the total 723 affected areas. Overweight was observed in 32% of the professionals and obesity in 13%. Of the 150 participants, 30 (20%) received a medical diagnosis of CTD and of these, 13 (43.3%) had a high BMI. The 40-49-year-old age group was most affected by CTDand females were more affected than males, accounting for 22.7% of professionals interviewed. There was no significant association between the presence of CTD and overweight/obesity (p>0.05). Conclusions: However, given the multifactorial nature of occupational diseases, it is likely that overweight and obesity may act as a predisposing factor in these diseases, interacting and enhancing the effects of other important risk factors for the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos , Obesidade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ganho de Peso
7.
Radiol. bras ; 44(2): 85-89, mar.-abr. 2011. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-588193

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade dos artigos relacionados com a acurácia diagnóstica da ultrassonografia na síndrome do túnel do carpo idiopática e relacionada com o trabalho. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Realizou-se busca em bases de dados eletrônicas, selecionando-se relatórios de revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados e estudos observacionais. Após quatro etapas de análise, desde a triagem inicial até a avaliação pelo instrumento elaborado pelo Critical Appraisal Skills Programme, os artigos foram classificados em níveis de evidência, com seus respectivos graus de recomendação. RESULTADOS: Dos 68 artigos inicialmente encontrados, apenas 4 preencheram os critérios de qualidade propostos neste estudo. A mensuração da área transversal do nervo mediano foi o critério mais importante para o diagnóstico de síndrome do túnel do carpo (ponto de corte entre 9 e 10 mm²: sensibilidade = 82-86,3 por cento; especificidade = 48-87 por cento). Os quatro artigos obtiveram nível de evidência "1b" e grau de recomendação "A". CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação ultrassonográfica em pacientes com suspeita clínica de síndrome do túnel do carpo pode ser realizada como teste de primeira linha, com boa relação custo-benefício, reduzindo a necessidade de exames eletrodiagnósticos.


OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at assessing the quality of articles related to diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography both in idiopathic and occupational carpal tunnel syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was undertaken in electronic databases, selecting reports on systematic reviews, randomized clinical trials and observational studies. After four stages of analysis, from an initial screening to the evaluation by means of the assessment scale developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme, the articles were classified according to levels of evidence, with their respective grades of recommendation. RESULTS: Among 68 articles initially identified, only 4 have met all the methodological quality criteria proposed in the present study. Measurement of the cross-sectional area of the median nerve was the most important criterion for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (cut-off point between 9 and 10 mm²: sensitivity = 82-86.3 percent; specificity = 48-87 percent). The four articles were given level of evidence "1b" and grade of recommendation "A". CONCLUSION: The sonographic evaluation of patients with clinical suspicion of carpal tunnel syndrome can be cost-effectively performed as a first-line test, reducing the need for electrodiagnostic testing in these patients.

8.
Rev. CROMG (Impr.) ; 3(1): 10-3, jan.-jun. 1997. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-855606

RESUMO

Os autores verificaram a utilização do etil-cianoacrilato (Super Bonder) na cicatrização de feridas realizadas na língua de ratos Mus musculus variedade albino. Foram utilizados 10(dez) animais divididos em dois grupos de cinco (grupo A e B). O grupo A foi utilizado como controle, efetuando-se apenas na incisão. No grupo B (experimental), sobre a incisão, foi colocado Super Bonder. Nos 1º, 3º, 5º e 7º dias pós-cirúrgicos, estes foram sacrificados, e suas línguas excisionadas (dois ratos, um de cada grupo por dia), sendo estas estudadas ao microscópio óptico. Após a obtenção dos exames histológicos, os resultados dos grupos A e B foram comparados, como também seus resultados clínicos


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Cicatrização , Cianoacrilatos
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