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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 959, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of painful and debilitating disorders, involving the masticatory muscles and/or the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Chronic TMD pain can be associated with genetic changes in the key muscle development genes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between polymorphisms in the PAX7 (paired box 7) gene and masticatory myalgia in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case-control study. Patients with TMD were divided into two groups: (a) presence of muscular TMD (n = 122) and (b) absence of muscular TMD (n = 49). Genomic DNA was obtained from saliva samples from all participants to allow for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms in PAX7 (rs766325 and rs6659735). Over-representation of alleles was tested using chi-square or Fisher's exact tests. Values of p < 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. RESULTS: Individuals without muscular TMD were less likely to have the PAX7 rs6659735 GG genotype (p = 0.03). No associations were found for PAX7 rs766325. CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in PAX7 may influence muscular pathophysiology and individuals with TMD and the rs6659735 homozygous genotype (GG) are seemingly associated with muscular involvement of the disorder. No associations were found in the region rs766325.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Músculos , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Células-Tronco , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/genética
2.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-8, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized clinical study aimed to evaluate the success of hyaluronic acid (HA) as a pulpotomy medicament of human primary molars and to compare it with formocresol (FC) and ferric sulphate (FS) pulpotomy treatments up to 12 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 130 primary molars of 44 children. The ethical approval and registration to clinical trials (No: NCT04115358) were completed. After the removal of all the coronal pulp tissue, a 0.5% HA gel, or a FC, or a 20% FS solution were applied randomly to the radicular pulp tissues of the primary molars. Then, the pulp chambers were filled with a zinc oxide eugenol cement and restored either with a composite filling material or with a stainless-steel crown. The treatment success rates of the 3 groups were followed and compared clinically and radiographically at 1st-, 3rd-, 6th- and 12th-months. RESULTS: Primary molars treated with FC, FS and HA dressings were clinically successful 77.5%, 86.8% and 87.5% respectively after 12th-month follow-up (p > .05). Radiographic successes of FC, FS and HA groups were lower than clinical successes (57.6%, 68.8%, 57.9% respectively at the 12th-month) but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (p > .05). Equivalence analysis assuming not more than 10% difference between the materials suggested that HA was not inferior to FC or FS. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, our randomized clinical trial shows that HA is a promising pulpotomy medicament in primary molars. However, further studies are justified to further improve the HA material success.

3.
Bone ; 150: 116011, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020077

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder characterized by bone fragility and craniofacial and dental abnormalities such as congenitally missing teeth and teeth that failed to erupt which are believed to be doubled in OI patients than normal populations and were associated with low oral health quality of life. However, the etiology of these abnormalities remains unclear. To understand the factors influencing missing and unerupted teeth, we investigated their prevalence in a cohort of OI patients as a function of the clinical phenotype (OI type), the genetic variant type, the tooth type and the onset of bisphosphonate treatment. METHOD: A total of 144 OI patients were recruited from The Shriners Hospital, Montreal, Canada, between 2016 and 2017. Patients were evaluated using intraoral photographs and panoramic radiographs. Missing teeth were evaluated in all patients, and unerupted teeth were assessed only in patients ≥15 years old (n = 82). RESULTS: On average, each OI patient had 2.4 missing teeth and 0.8 unerupted teeth, and the most common missing and unerupted teeth were the premolars and the upper second molars, respectively. These phenomena were more prominent in OI type III and IV than in OI type I, and were not sex or age-related. Missing teeth were significantly more common in patients with C-propeptide variants than all other variants (p-value <0.05). Unerupted teeth were significantly more common in patients with α1 and α2 glycine variants or substitutions than in those with haploinsufficiency variants. Early-onset of bisphosphonate treatment would significantly increase the risk of unerupted teeth in patients with OI types III and IV (OR = 1.68, 95% CI (1.15-1.53)). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of missing and unerupted teeth at the tooth type level in OI patients varies according to the nature of the collagen variants and the OI type. These findings highlight the role of collagen in tooth development and eruption.


Assuntos
Osteogênese Imperfeita , Dente não Erupcionado , Adolescente , Canadá , Humanos , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteogênese Imperfeita/genética , Fenótipo , Qualidade de Vida , Dente não Erupcionado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente não Erupcionado/epidemiologia
4.
Angle Orthod ; 91(3): 356-362, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore whether variations in odontogenesis-related genes are associated with tooth-size discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements of the width of permanent teeth were obtained from dental casts of 62 orthodontic patients (age 15.65 ± 6.82 years; 29 males and 33 females). Participants were classified according to the anterior and overall Bolton ratios as without tooth-size discrepancy or with maxillary or mandibular tooth-size excess. Genomic DNA extracted from buccal cells was used, and 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across nine genes were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry. χ2 or Fisher exact tests were applied to determine the overrepresentation of genotypes/alleles depending on the type of tooth-size discrepancy (α = .05; corrected P value: P < 5.556 × 10-3). Odds ratios (ORs) and their correspondent 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were also calculated to investigate the risk of this phenotype for the SNPs having significant association. RESULTS: Individuals carrying the FGF10 rs900379 T allele were more likely to have larger mandibular teeth (OR = 3.74; 95% CI: 1.65-8.47; P = .002). This effect appeared to be stronger when two copies of the risk allele (TT) were found (recessive model, OR = 6.16; 95% CI: 1.71-22.16; P = .006). On the other hand, FGF13 rs5931572 rare homozygotes (AA, or male A hemizygotes) had increased risk of displaying tooth-size discrepancies when compared with the common homozygotes (GG, or male G hemizygotes; OR = 10.32; 95% CI: 2.20-48.26; P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that FGF10 and FGF13 may contribute to the presence of tooth-size discrepancies.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Dente , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Fator 10 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Variação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Odontometria , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(4): e358-e360, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027179

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: One of the biggest challenges in clinical genetics is establishing associations between specific germline mutations and the resulting spectrum of phenotypes. The careful characterization of clinical presentations continues to be a tool for establishing these genotype phenotype correlations. The authors intend, by presenting a case study, proposing that the concomitant occurrence of a combinations of mild structural anomalies in the same individual may be due to changes in genes that can be linked by related pathways. A new born with cleft lip and palate was referred at the Cleft Lip and Palate Center. The anamnese was performed and collected data of familiar history, parental consanguinity, and information about pregnancy period. The careful characterization of clinical presentations and the genetic pathways was studied. It is possible that there is no single mutation that can be clearly identified as the etiology of the combination of the defects displayed in the present case.

6.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 25(2): 253-256, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989615

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Verifying whether the mutation in COMT rs4818 could be involved in pain modulation. METHODS: Thirty-two individuals born with cleft lip and palate that underwent bone graft from the iliac crest bone were assessed at 12, 24, 48, 72 h, and 7 days regarding their pain experience using a visual analogic scale. DNA from each participant was collected from saliva samples, and genotyping of rs4818 was performed using TaqMan chemistry. Overrepresentation of rs4818 alleles was tested using chi-square or Fisher's exact tests with an alpha of 0.05. RESULTS: Of the 32 individuals, eighteen reported long pain duration, nine reported high pain intensity, and fourteen low pain intensity up to 48 h. No differences were found in the distribution of individuals depending on the reported pain by sex (p = 0.12), age (p = 0.42), or cleft type (p = 0.5). The distribution of COMT r4818 alleles was different depending on the intensity and duration of pain. Carriers of the C wild-type allele were four times more likely to show high pain intensity and duration (odds ratio = 4.29, 95% confidence interval 1.13-16.18), meaning that the G variant allele is protective. CONCLUSION: COMT rs4818 is associated with postoperative pain after alveolar bone grafting.


Assuntos
Enxerto de Osso Alveolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Transplante Ósseo , Catecol O-Metiltransferase/genética , Fenda Labial/genética , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/genética , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Humanos , Ílio
7.
Cranio ; 39(4): 351-361, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264537

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association between polymorphisms in genes and comorbid presence of arthralgias and TMD.Methods: This is a case-control study. The groups formed were individuals with chronic arthralgia and 1) myofascial pain (n = 42); 2) articular (n = 16); 3) multiple diagnoses (n = 69); 4) with TMD and without some other arthralgia (n = 16); 5) without TMD but with pain in other joints (n = 82); and 6) a control group (n = 72). SNPs in COMT, ADRB2, and HTR1A genes were investigated.Results: The CT genotype for the COMT (rs9332377) gene was associated with the absence of myofascial pain (p = .05). In the ADRB2 (rs1042713) gene, the AA genotype was associated with the absence of myofascial pain (p = .03).Discussion: This study supports the hypothesis that alterations in the COMT, ADRB2, and HTR1A genes influence the presence of chronic pain and TMD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Síndrome da Disfunção da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artralgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Catecol O-Metiltransferase/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/genética , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/genética
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(3): 1307-1318, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate if genetic variants in PAX9, MSX1, TGFα, FGF3, FGF10, FGF13, GLI2 and GLI3 are involved in TS of permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pretreatment dental records from orthodontic patients were assessed prior to recruitment. Patients with tooth agenesis and congenital anomalies (including oral cleft) and/or syndromes were excluded. Dental casts were used to measure the maximum crown dimensions of all fully erupted permanent teeth except second and third molars in mesiodistal direction. Teeth with caries, occlusal wear, mesiodistal restorations, and obvious deformities were not evaluated. Genomic DNA samples were used for genotyping. The allelic discrimination of 13 genetic variants was performed. The associations between TS and genotype were analyzed by linear regression, adjusted by gender at a significance level of p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Genetic polymorphisms in the tooth agenesis-related genes studied here were associated with increased and decreased TS, in both maxilla and mandible (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study reported associations of novel tooth agenesis-related gene variants with permanent tooth size variations. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The presence of some genetic variants could allow the prediction of permanent tooth size.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Dente , Anodontia/genética , Humanos , Mandíbula , Fator de Transcrição PAX9/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
9.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1287499

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze caries experience depending on periodontitis affection concomitant or not with cardiovascular risks or mental health issues with the hypothesis that worse accumulated caries experience is not necessarily the result of the presence of concomitant overall health issues. Material and Methods: All subjects of this cross-sectional study were participants of the Dental Registry and DNA Repository project. Variables age, ethnicity, sex, caries experience, periodontitis and mental disease statuses and blood pressure assessment, dental clinical data (DMFT, DMFS and periodontitis) were evaluated and collected from the clinical records. We used chi-square, Fisher's exact, or Student's t-tests to determine differences in frequencies of sex, age, ethnicity, and dental clinical data depending on caries experience, periodontitis, mental health status, and cardiovascular risks. The established alpha was 5%. Results: Of the total 1,437 subjects included in this study, 407 were individuals with high blood pressure and 1,030 were individuals without high blood pressure. Also, 558 were individuals with mental disease and 879 were individuals without mental disease. High blood pressure patients were mostly men (47.17%) and women were the majority when analyzing patients with mental illness (60.04%). Most of the patients in the different groups were white, with a mean age ranging from 15.4 to 88 years. Conclusion: We concluded that caries experience concomitant or not with periodontitis affection does not associate with high blood pressure and mental disease.

10.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 466-470, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146328

RESUMO

Homeostasis between salivary calcium and phosphorus is important for maintaining oral health. The aim of this study was to evaluate if polymorphisms in ESR1 (Estrogen Receptor Alpha), ESR2 (Estrogen Receptor Beta) and miRNA17 (microRNA17) are associated with calcium and phosphorus levels in saliva. Saliva from 276 12-year-old children were collected by masticatory stimulation and calcium and phosphorus levels were determined by Mass Spectrometry. Genomic DNA was extracted from remaining saliva and genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 (rs12154178, rs1884051, rs9340799 and rs2234693), in ESR2 (rs4986938 and rs1256049) and in miRNA17 (rs4284505) were genotyped using TaqMan chemistry and a real-time PCR equipment. Statistical differences in genotype and allele distributions between 'low' and 'high' calcium and phosphorus levels were determined using chi-square or Fisher´s exact tests. The analysis was also adjusted by sex (alpha of 5%). ESR1 rs9340799 had the less common genotype associated with higher calcium levels (p=0.03). The less common allele of ESR1 rs1884051 was associated with lower phosphorus levels (p=0.005) and there was an excess of heterozygotes for miRNA17 rs4284505 among individuals with lower calcium levels (p=0.002), both adjusted by sex. This study provides evidence that genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 and miRNA17 are involved in determining salivary calcium and phosphorus levels.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , MicroRNAs , Criança , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Fósforo , Polimorfismo Genético , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Saliva
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 466-470, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132335

RESUMO

Abstract Homeostasis between salivary calcium and phosphorus is important for maintaining oral health. The aim of this study was to evaluate if polymorphisms in ESR1 (Estrogen Receptor Alpha), ESR2 (Estrogen Receptor Beta) and miRNA17 (microRNA17) are associated with calcium and phosphorus levels in saliva. Saliva from 276 12-year-old children were collected by masticatory stimulation and calcium and phosphorus levels were determined by Mass Spectrometry. Genomic DNA was extracted from remaining saliva and genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 (rs12154178, rs1884051, rs9340799 and rs2234693), in ESR2 (rs4986938 and rs1256049) and in miRNA17 (rs4284505) were genotyped using TaqMan chemistry and a real-time PCR equipment. Statistical differences in genotype and allele distributions between 'low' and 'high' calcium and phosphorus levels were determined using chi-square or Fisher´s exact tests. The analysis was also adjusted by sex (alpha of 5%). ESR1 rs9340799 had the less common genotype associated with higher calcium levels (p=0.03). The less common allele of ESR1 rs1884051 was associated with lower phosphorus levels (p=0.005) and there was an excess of heterozygotes for miRNA17 rs4284505 among individuals with lower calcium levels (p=0.002), both adjusted by sex. This study provides evidence that genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 and miRNA17 are involved in determining salivary calcium and phosphorus levels.


Resumo A homeostasia entre cálcio e fósforo salivares é importante para a manutenção da saúde bucal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se polimorfismos genéticos no receptor de estrógeno alfa (ESR1), receptor de estrógeno beta (ESR2) e no microRNA17 (microRNA17) estão associados com os níveis salivares de cálcio e fósforo. Saliva de 276 crianças com 12 anos de idade foi coletada com estímulo mastigatório e os níveis de cálcio e fósforo foram determinados por Espectrofotometria de Massa. O DNA genômico foi extraído da saliva remanescente e os polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1 (rs12154178, rs1884051, rs9340799 e rs2234693), em ESR2 (rs4986938 e rs1256049) e no miRNA17 (rs4284505) foram genotipados pela reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real utilizando sondas TaqMan. As diferenças estatísticas nas distribuições alélicas e genotípicas entre "baixo" e "alto" níveis de cálcio e fósforo foram determinadas usando os testes qui-quadrado e teste exato de Fisher. As análises foram ajustadas por sexo (alfa de 5%). O polimorfismo rs9340799 em ESR1 foi o genótipo menos comum associado com altos níveis de cálcio (p=0,03). O alelo menos comum em ESR1 rs1884051 foi associado com baixos níveis de fósforo (p=0,005) e houve um excesso de heterozigotos para miRNA17 rs4284505 entre os indivíduos com baixos níveis de cálcio salivar (p=0,002), ambos ajustados pelo sexo. Este estudo fornece evidências de que polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1 e miRNA17 estão envolvidos na determinação dos níveis de cálcio e fósforo salivares.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Cálcio , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Fósforo , Polimorfismo Genético , Saliva , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e055, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578798

RESUMO

This study was performed to evaluate the interplay between dental caries, nutritional status, and genetic polymorphisms in TAS1R1 and TAS1R2 (taste receptor, type 1, member 1 and 2) in preschool children and pre-adolescents. We included 525 subjects (306 preschool children and 219 pre-adolescents). Parents/caregivers answered a self-administered questionnaire about their children's systemic health, characteristics, oral hygiene habits, and diet. Clinical examination was performed to evaluate dental caries and nutritional status. Saliva samples were collected for DNA extraction. The genotyping of rs17492553 ( TAS1R1 ), rs3935570, and rs4920566 ( TAS1R2 ) polymorphisms was performed using real-time PCR with Taqman Genotyping Master Mix and SNP assay. Both univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analyses with robust variance were used for the data analysis. In preschool children, consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries by 85% (PR c = 1.85; 95%CI 1.39-2.46; p < 0.001), whereas in pre-adolescents, this prevalence increased by 34% (PR a = 1.34; 95%CI 1.11-1.62; p = 0.002), regardless of genetic polymorphisms . Moreover, individuals carrying at least one allele C in rs17492553 presented 23% more prevalence of dental caries (PR a = 1.23; 95%CI 1.02-1.49 p = 0.030). Nutritional status was not associated with dental caries, neither with genetic polymorphisms . Consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries. In pre-adolescents, rs17492553 genetic polymorphism in TAS1R1 was associated with dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/genética , Estado Nutricional/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Paladar/genética
13.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190628, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study of dental development in individuals born with cleft lip and palate (CLP) serves to determine when orthodontic intervention should start. To evaluate the permanent second molar development in children born with cleft lip and palate according to Demirjian's and Nolla's methods. METHODOLOGY: Out of a total of 513 digital panoramic radiographs, 113 pairs of children aged 3 to 16 years were selected. The exams were from children born with or without cleft lip and palate, of the same sex, with an age difference of up to 30 days. The images were analyzed by three examiners and reliability was checked through intra-examiner agreement by the Kappa test. The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon's and Mann-Whitney tests according to each dataset. RESULTS: The findings indicated delayed development of the permanent second molars in children with CLP (P<0.001). The development of the right permanent second molar was delayed compared to the left molar in children with CLP. Moreover, mandibular teeth showed significantly earlier development than maxillary teeth in both the case and control groups. There was no significant difference in the development of permanent second molars between sexes. CONCLUSION: Children with CLP presented delay in the development of permanent second molars.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/fisiopatologia , Fissura Palatina/fisiopatologia , Dentição Permanente , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-779

RESUMO

Aim: To describe the management of dental education in three dental schools during the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: Adopted strategies in the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Brazil, University of Pittsburgh (UP), USA, and Griffith University (GU), Australia were detailed. Results: In the UFPB, all on-site teaching was suspended, and resources for distance learning set up as a supplementary semester to be available as face to face classes later. A protocol for clinical care followed safety measures recommended by Brazilian official health institutions. The adequacy of the physical structure, human resources, and personal protective equipment (PPE) acquisition for the return to clinical activities are currently under discussion. In the UP, learning activities were shifted to virtual teaching using lecture recordings and live sections. All elective patients care was postponed. Urgent dental cases were discussed via teledentistry. The physical layout of the dental clinics and pre-clinical laboratories were changed, allowing a safe distance between students. In the GU, all clinical and pre-clinical activities were cancelled, and theoretical activities were maintained online for all students. Several clinically based scenarios where created and delivered in the format of online problem-based learning. The reception area was redesigned, ensuring social distancing. Safety measures follow the Australia Dental Association. Conclusions: Dealing with dental education depends on the stage of the epidemic and the characteristics of each country.

15.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 9, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess if genetic polymorphisms in tooth agenesis (TA)-related genes are associated with craniofacial morphological patterns. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multi-center, genetic study evaluated 594 orthodontic Brazilians patients. The presence or absence of TA was determined by analysis of panoramic radiography. The patients were classified according to their skeletal malocclusion and facial growth pattern by means of digital cephalometric analysis. Genomic DNA was extracted from squamous epithelial cells of buccal mucosa and genetic polymorphisms in MSX1 (rs1042484), PAX9 (rs8004560), TGF-α (rs2902345), FGF3 (rs1893047), FGF10 (rs900379), and FGF13 (rs12838463, rs5931572, and rs5974804) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry and end-point analysis. RESULTS: Genotypes (p = 0.038) and allele (p = 0.037) distributions for the FGF3 rs1893047 were significantly different according to the skeletal malocclusion. Carrying at least one G allele increased in more than two times the chance of presenting skeletal class III malocclusion (OR = 2.21, CI 95% = 1.14-4.32; p = 0.017). There was no association between another skeletal craniofacial pattern and some polymorphism assessed in the present study. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the genetic polymorphism rs1893047 in FGF3 might contribute to variations in the craniofacial sagittal pattern.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Má Oclusão , Brasil , Cefalometria , Estudos Transversais , Genótipo , Humanos
16.
Crit Rev Toxicol ; 50(4): 348-358, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343161

RESUMO

Urine has been a biological matrix of choice for drug screening, but recent advances in technology and the introduction of commercial oral fluid assays have effectively established oral fluid as a viable alternative matrix. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of oral fluid in detecting some illicit drugs compared to urine, and to compare the initial and final detection times of these drugs in both fluids. The electronic search in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science was carried out covering studies published from January 2003 and June 2019, in order to find all valid studies that detected drugs in oral fluid and urine in the same patient. Studies about illicit drugs, such as tetrahydrocannabinol, cocaine, amphetamines and illicit opioids, with fluids collection at the same day, controlled drug administration during the study, reported administration interval and time of collection were favored. Out of 2598 studies identified by electronic search, 7 studies were selected for qualitative analysis. Five were clinical trials and 2 were crossover trials. In total, 74 patients aged 20-52 years underwent a diagnostic examination (4 studies with tetrahydrocannabinol, 1 with methamphetamine, and 2 with cocaine) after drug administration. Illicit drug detection in oral fluid is similar to urine but oral fluid has a strong potential for the immediate detection of recent marijuana use compared to urine. In relation to cocaine and methamphetamine, the largest drugs detection window is obtained through urine analysis. Oral fluids cannot replace urine for most of the purposes of drug testing.


Assuntos
Drogas Ilícitas/metabolismo , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/métodos , Humanos , Drogas Ilícitas/urina , Saliva/metabolismo
17.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(6): 1526-1528, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oronasal fistula in cleft patients is one of the complications that can be found after primary surgeries due to a failure of healing of the surgical repair that causes the communication between the oral and nasal cavities. A number of procedures can be implemented to correct the fistula and it is not clear if a particular technique is the best to be recommended. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to systematically analyze the scientific evidence regarding the treatment of oronasal fistulas located in the lingual-alveolar and labial-alveolar regions in patients with cleft lip and palate who have undergone primary surgeries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A bibliographic search of articles published until September 2018 without restricted year and language of publication, in PubMed (Medline), Scopus, Cochrane, Web of science, and BVS databases. The MeSHterms "Fistula," "Oral Fistula," and "Cleft Lip" were used, which were related to each other and with other keywords related to the subject of the review through the "OR" and "AND" operators. The quality of the publications was evaluated according to the guidelines of the Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies. RESULTS: After applying the eligibility criteria, a total of 18 articles were selected for the extraction of data and qualitative analysis. CONCLUSION: All publications analyzed in this review reported the fistula treatment at the same surgical time as the bone graft, independently of the donor area, the type of cleft treated and the patient's age at operation. There was no consensus among the studies on the best treatment type for oronasal fistulas located in the alveolar region, and further comparative studies between the existing techniques will be necessary to address this question.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Fístula/cirurgia , Doenças Nasais/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo , Fenda Labial/complicações , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Fístula/complicações , Humanos , Doenças Nasais/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Caries Res ; 54(2): 165-175, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045909

RESUMO

Dental erosive wear is a multifactorial condition of high prevalence. Nowadays, there is an emphasis on discovering individual genetic predisposition for the development of this condition. Aquaporins (AQPs) are water channel proteins expressed in salivary glands, as well as during tooth development. They are involved in salivary secretion and composition and linked to physiological protection of the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between different dental erosive wear phenotypes, AQP genes, and selected environmental factors. Data from 705 dental patients were used to investigate the association between dental erosive wear phenotypes and AQPs' single-nucleotide variants. Phenotypes were further analyzed considering diet and oral hygiene data, using logistic regression analysis, as implemented in PLINK, with the assumption that dental erosive wear is a complex gene-environment model. Associations were found between severe erosive tooth wear and rs2878771 (AQP2) for the genotypic (p = 0.02) and dominant (p = 0.03) models, and rs3736309 (AQP5) for the allelic model (p = 0.02). Logistic regression analyses, after implementing the Bonferroni correction, showed that several significant associations were present when covariates were included, suggesting that a strong environmental component is present. Our results show that dental erosive wear establishes under a gene-environmental complex model.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Aquaporina 2 , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Erosão Dentária/genética
19.
Caries Res ; 54(1): 2-6, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610535

RESUMO

Our understanding of erosive tooth wear and its contributing factors has evolved considerably over the last decades. New terms have been continuously introduced, which frequently describe the same aspects of this condition, whereas other terms are being used inappropriately. This has led to unnecessary confusion and miscommunication between patients, professionals, and researchers. A group of 15 experts, selected by the European Organization for Caries Research (ORCA) and the Cariology Research Group of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), participated in a 2-day workshop to define the most commonly used terms in erosive tooth wear. A modified Delphi method was utilized to reach consensus. At least 80% agreement was achieved for all terms discussed and their definitions related to clinical conditions and processes, basic concepts, diagnosis, risk, and prevention and management of erosive tooth wear. Use of the terms agreed on will provide a better understanding of erosive tooth wear and intends to enable improved communication on this topic.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Atrito Dentário , Desgaste dos Dentes , Consenso , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Desgaste dos Dentes/prevenção & controle
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190628, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1134803

RESUMO

Abstract The study of dental development in individuals born with cleft lip and palate (CLP) serves to determine when orthodontic intervention should start. Objective To evaluate the permanent second molar development in children born with cleft lip and palate according to Demirjian's and Nolla's methods. Methodology Out of a total of 513 digital panoramic radiographs, 113 pairs of children aged 3 to 16 years were selected. The exams were from children born with or without cleft lip and palate, of the same sex, with an age difference of up to 30 days. The images were analyzed by three examiners and reliability was checked through intra-examiner agreement by the Kappa test. The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon's and Mann-Whitney tests according to each dataset. Results The findings indicated delayed development of the permanent second molars in children with CLP (P<0.001). The development of the right permanent second molar was delayed compared to the left molar in children with CLP. Moreover, mandibular teeth showed significantly earlier development than maxillary teeth in both the case and control groups. There was no significant difference in the development of permanent second molars between sexes. Conclusion Children with CLP presented delay in the development of permanent second molars.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Fenda Labial/fisiopatologia , Fissura Palatina/fisiopatologia , Dentição Permanente , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Valores de Referência , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem
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